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THE material of this volume has been gathered together and 
placed in order by the writer from the interest he has taken in 
Welsh Calvinistic Methodism and its Ministers from his child- 
hood. His earliest recollections are interwoven with Methodist 
history. The home of his parents was always open to the 
public servants of the Lord who came to Brecon on their preach- 
ing itinerancies in connection with this section of His vine- 
yard, and thus Calvinistic Methodism became a fascination to 
him early in life. His recollection is fairly vivid of many of 
the ministers who preached at the Struet Chapel, Brecon, about 
the year '1837 and onward, especially of those who were members 
of the Brecoashire Monthly Meeting, such as Watkin Edward, 
William Havard, Thomas Elias, Evan Harries, Job Thomas," 
David Davies, Trecastle, and John Griffiths, who afterwards 
became a Clergyman, and lived for some years near Ponty- 
pridd. He is one of the few still living who were present at 
the opening of Trevecca College, and remembers well many in- 
cidents in connection therewith. 

It occurred to the writer some time since that a volume such 
as this, would be interesting to many, and would serve to 
keep in remembrance the names of some worthy men who had 
served their Master and Methodism well, but who would other- 
wise be forgotten, and are indeed already little known. His 
chief regret is that so many of the preachers have passed away 
with little or nothing more than their names recorded. 

Doubtless several are omitted from this work who should 
have been included, and possibly more definite information 
might be given of others than the writer has been able to supply. 
Where so many individuals are involved, it is more than pos- 
sible, even extremely probable, that notwithstanding every care, 


many errors have crept in. Th writer will be grateful for any 
informatiou that may be forwarded him. The book is not 
sent forth as a work of original research, as the lUbliography 
supplied will clearly testify. 

It is the writer's intention, if his life is spared, to bring the 
work up to date, and as the material required is considerably 
more accessible than was the case with this volume, he hopes to 
accomplish the work without very much delay. Should it be 
the Master's will to summon him home, ere it be completed, he 
hopes that it will be taken in hand at once by some one else, so 
that a record may be preserved and placed together of those 
who have engaged in the work of the ministry in connection with 
our beloved Denomination, and a brief sketch of their career 

There are many no doubt who would prefer .were this work 
written in Welsh, but for many years the writer's associations 
have been chiefly in the English sphere of Calvinistic Method- 
ism. For considerably more than forty years he has been 
privileged with the opportunity of working in the main in this 
section of our denominational field : and one of his chief joys 
is to observe the position it now holds as compared with what 
it was in the fifties and early sixties of the last century. From 
his heart he can exclaim with wonder and thankfulness 
"What hath God wrought!" And he is deeply convinced that 
it is absolutely necessary for this section of the Denomina- 
tion to be encouraged and helped in every way possible, or the 
Denomination itself will soon be crippled, especially in those 
districts where the English language is making rapid headway. 

Would that this work were more complete and worthier, but 
such as it is, it is with much diffidence sent forth and com- 
mended to the sympathy and appreciation of the circle for 
which it has been specially designed. 

Denbigli, October 30^, 1907. 


" Methodistiaeth Cymru," Rev. John Hughes, 3 vols. 

" Y Tadaii Methodistaidd," Rev. John Morgan Jonea and 
Mr. W. Morgan, 2 vols. 

" Drych yr Amseroedd," Robert Jones, Rhoslan. 

" Y Drysorfa," 14 vols. ; 

"Enwogion Swydd Feirion," Edward Davies. 

" Methodistiaeth Mon," Rev. John Pritchard, Amlwch. 

" Methodistiaeth De Aberteifi," Rev. John Evans, Aber- 

" Hanes Methodistiaeth Dwyrain Meirionydd," Rev. Wil- 
liam Williams, Glyndyfrdwy. 

"Methodistiaeth Gorllewin Meirionydd," Rev. Robert Owen, 
M.A., Pennal, 2 vols. 

" Cenhadon Hedd," Rev. William Jones, Cwmamman. 

" Y Gjindeithasfa," Mr. Edward Jones, Bangor. 

" Y Traethodydd," several volumes. 

" Y Gwyddoniadur Cymreig," ten volumes. 

" The Treasury," first, second and third series. 

" The Evangelical Magazine," vol. xiv. 

" Hanes Cychwyniad a Chynnydd Methodistiaid Calfinaidd 
yn Nhref Dinbych," Owen Evans. 

" Montgomeryshire Worthies," Richard Williams, F.R.H.S. 

" Enwogion Ceredigion," Gwinionydd. 

" Enwogion Mon," Gwalchmai. 

"The Monthly Tidings," six volumes. 

" The Monthly Herald," four volumes. 

" Yr Oenig," Revs. Thomas Levi and David Phillips, 3 vols. 

" Y Geiniogwerth," vol. 2. 

" Y Methodist," Edward Morgan. 

"The Record," Rev. William Howells, 2 vols. 

" Cronicl yr Ysgol Sabbothol," vol. 1881. 

" Casgliad Hen Farwnadau Cymreig," Rev. Thomas Levi. 

"Album Williams Pantycelyn," William Morgan, Pant. 

" Gweithiau Williams, Pantycelyn," Rev, N, Cynhafal 
Jones, D.D, 


" Sunday Schools of Wales," Rev. David Evans, M.A. 

" Bywgraphiad y Parch. Hopkin Bevan," Rev. W. Samlet 

" A Memoir of the Rev. David Charles," Hugh Hughes. 

" Cofiant John Jones, Talsarn," Rev. Owen Thomas, D.D., 
2 vols. 

" Cofiant y Parch. Henry Rees," Rev. Owen Thomas, D.D., 
2 vols. 

" The Life and Times of Howell Harris," Rev. E. Morgan, 
M.A., Syston. 

" Life of Howell Harris, the Welsh Reformer," Rev. Hugh 
J. Hughes. 

" A Brief Account of the Life of Howell Harris, Esq., from 
Papers written by himself." 

" Adgofion am John Elias," Rev. R. Parry. 

" Memoir of the Rev. John Elias," Rev. E. Morgan, M.A., 

" Memoir of the Rev. D. Jones, Llangan," Rev. E. Morgan, 
M.A., Syston. 

"Life and Letters of Rev. Thomas Charles," Rev. E. Morgan, 
M.A., Syston. 

" Cofiant Jenkin Davies, Twrgwyn." 

" Bywgraphiad y Parch. Richard Davies," Rev. D. Hughes, 
Cross Inn. 

" Hanes Bywyd y Parch. John Evans, Llwynffortun," Rev. 
T. J. Williams, Myddfai. 

" Remains of Rev. John Rees, Crown Court," Mrs. Walker. 

c Sweet Singers of Wales," Rev. H. Elfed Lewis, M.A. 

" Cofiant y Parch. Edward Morgan, Dyffryn," Rev. Griffith 
Ellis, M.A. 

" Cofiant y Parch. John Jones, Blaenanerch," Rev. John 

" Hanes Bywyd Siencyn Penhydd," Rev. Edward Mathews. 

" Bywgraphiad y Parch. Thomas Evans, Caerfyrddin," Rev. 
D. Hughes, Cross Inn. 

" Owen Owens, Corsywlad," Rev. Henry Hughes, Brynkir. 

" Cofiant Dafydd Rolant," Rev. Owen Jones, B.A. 

" Cofiant y Parch. Evan Griffiths, Meifod," Rev. John 
Hughes, Pontrobert. 

" Cofiant y Parch. Evan Harries," Rev. Thomas Levi. 

"Cofiant Dr. Lewis Edwards," Rev, T. C, Edwards, M.A., 


" Cofiant a Phregethau John FouHces Jones, B.A.," Joseph 
Owen, Machynlleth. 

" Hanes y Parch. Dafydd Morgan, gan ei Fab," Rev. J. J. 

" Cofiant y Parch. Richard Jones, Bala," Rev. Lewis Jones, 

"Cofiant y Parch. -Owen Jones, Gelli," Rev. John Hughes, 

" Cofiant y Parch. Richard Jones, Wern," Rev. John Jones, 

" Cofiant y Parch. Thomas Jones, Dinbych," Rev. Jonathan 
Jones, Llanelwy. 

" Bywgraphiad y Parch. William Morris, Cilgeran," Rev. 
George Williams. 

" Cofiant y Diweddar Barchedig John Parry, Caerlleon," 

" Bywyd y Parch. Ebenezer Richards," His sons E. W. 
Richard and Henry Richard. 

" Cofiant y Parch. Daniel Rowland," Morris Davies. 

"Hanes Bywyd a Gweinidogaeth y Parch. Daniel Rowland," 
Rev. John Owen, M.A., Thrussington. 

"Memoirs of Rev. John Williams, Pantycelyn," Rev. Maurice 

" Hanes Cenhadaeth Dramor y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd 
Cymreig," Rev. J. H. Morris, Liverpool. 

" Byr-Gofiant am naw a deugain o Weinidogion Ymadaw- 
edig Sir Aberteifi." Gan John Evans, Abermeurig. 



GOLDY, Carnarvonshire, was 
born at Nolcwm-brwynog, in 
the parish of Llanberis, in the 
year 1769. His parents were 
Abraham and Catherine Math- 
ew. In 1784, they removed to 
Brynteg, Llanddeiniolen. The 
people of the neighbourhood 
were steeped in ignorance. Just 
then, Rowlant heard Thomas 
Evans, Waenfawr, preach, and 
was deeply affected by the ser- 
mon. When nineteen years of 
age he married. Four years 
later he joined the church at 
Llanrug, which at the time con- 
sisted of only twenty members. 
He backslided for a short 
period, but was afterwards re- 
stored. When forty years of 
age he was chosen a deacon, and 
soon began to exhort, and 
in 1824 permission was given 
him by his Monthly Meeting to 
preach. He greatly excelled in 
ability in conducting church 
meetings, and as a Catechiser of 
Sunday Schools. His minister- 
ial gifts were not bright, and 
his general knowledge was very 
limited, but no one doubted his 
sincerity ; his faithfulness also 

was conspicuous. On one occa- 
sion when Mr. Richard Bum- 
ford was poorly, and unable to 
accompany the Rev. Henry 
Rees on one of his itinerances, 
Mr. Abraham was chosen to 
take his place. He was well- 
suited for the position, as he 
was eminent in prayer, and his 
sermons were usually short. 
Though not a lively and popular 
preacher, his sermons contained 
some fine thoughts. On his itin- 
erancy with Mr. Rees he 
preached a new sermon at sev- 
eral services in succession. This 
rather disconcerted Mr. Rees as 
he had the notes of only a few 
select sermons with him. At 
last Mr. Rees asked him, "How 
many sermons have you with 
you, Rowlant Abraham?" He 
replied, " Every sermon I 
preach is a new one." He 
would decide upon a text a little 
while before entering the pul- 
pit, fix upon the main thought 
and preach it at once. This was 
his usual custom, and thus his 
sermons were always fresh and 
short. He died August 21, 1841, 
aged 72 years, and was buried 
in Llanddeiniolen Churchyard. 


Y Drysor-fa, vol. xiii., page 39; 
Metliodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 215. 

WELY, Carmarthenshire, died 
August nth, 1850. He had been 
a preacher of the Gospel for 58 
years. A letter, addressed by 
him to his Monthly Meeting, ap- 
peared in the Drysorfa for 1848, 
page 217. Taking into account 
his humble circumstances, he 
attained to considerable ac- 
quaintance with the Greek lan- 
guage. Rev. D. Anthony, 
Swansea, was his son. 

GELERT, Carnarvonshire, the son 
of Robert Anwyl, Croesor, and 
his wife Margaret Owen, was 
born April loth, 1814, at Dinas 
Moel, near Beddgelert. On his 
father's side, he was descended 
from the family of Dafydd 
Nanmor, and on his mother's 
side, from the family of Hafod 
Lwyfog, near Beddgelert. 
Though brought up in the 
church, he forsook the paths of 
religion. At the time of a 
revival however at Rhyd Ddu, 
he returned to the fold of God, 
and, at the request of the eld- 
ers of the church, he soon be- 
gan to preach in his home dis- 
trict of Nanmor, and was re- 
ceived a member of the Associa- 
tion at Carnarvon, September 
4th, 1839. For a time he studied 
at Bala, but his health broke, and he had to return 
home sooner than he intended ; 
so he took a small farm, called 

Tanyrhiw, Nanmor. His preach- 
ing was often accompanied by 
much feeling, and great things 
were expected of him. He was 
very active during his brief 
.day. But consumption set in, 
and he was cut down early in 
life. He .died August i2th, 
1846, aged thirty-two years. 
Hanes Methodistiaeth Gorllew- 
in Meirionydd, vol. ii., page 
210 ; Enwogion Swydd Feirion, 
page 9. 

M.A., ABERDDAWEN, Penmark, 
Glamorganshire, was the son 
of Christopher and Alice Bas- 
set, who were members of the 
Methodist church at Aberdda- 
wen, and had been converted, it 
would seem, under the ministry 
of Howel Harris. The parents, 
held a respectable position in 
society. Christopher was born 
in 1753. It was intended that 
he should take Orders in the 
Church of England, and hence 
he was educated accordingly. 
When young he attended the 
Grammar School at Cowbridge,, 
and upon his own decision to 
enter the Church, he proceeded 
to Jesus College, Oxford. Here, 
he took his M.A. degree. At the-, 
end of his collegiate course he 
was ordained by the Bishop of 
London to the curacy of St. 
Anne's, Blackfriars, under the 
saintly Romaine. But his 
health soon gave way, and he 
was pressed by his parents to 
return to the country. So he. 
took the curacy of St. Ffagans, 
near Cardiff. This was in 1778. 


Whilst here he identified him- 
self with the Methodists, and 
hired a room in the village, 
where he held church meetings. 
In this room, also the itinerant 
preachers of Methodism con- 
ducted preaching services. He 
itinerated himself a good deal, 
both in North and South Wales. 
His stay at St. Ffagans, . how- 
ever, was short. Why it was so, 
is not known ; no intimation is 
given that he was dismissed. 
Notwithstanding his high schol- 
astic qualifications and his per- 
sonal piety, he received no pre- 
ferment in the Church. The 
likelihood is that his association 
with the Methodists blocked the 
way. A little previous to his 
death, he removed to Borthceri, 
near his parents' home, and, ap- 
parently, he had the curacy of 
the Church. But one Sunday, in 
the summer of 1783, when 
preaching at Crai, Breconshire, 
he took a severe cold which de- 
veloped into consumption, and 
it gradually grew upon him. 
Notwithstanding the best medi- 
cal skill and a stay at Bath, he 
passed away on February 6th, 
1784, at the early age of 31 
years, and was buried at St. 
Athans. In an elegy to his mem- 
ory, the Rev. William Williams, 
writes of him : 

" Mae ei deitlau heddyw'n uchel, 

Llawer uwch na theitlau'r byd ; 
Fedd Rhydychain faw r a Chambridge 

Ddim o'u bath hwy'n avvr ynghyd ; 
BRAWD i'r addfwyn Oen bendigaid. 

Dyna'i uchel radd a'i fri, 
Er mai Athraw Celfyddydau 

Oedd ef ar ein daear ni " 

MethodistiaetJi Cymru, vol. iii., 
page 94; Y Tadau Methodisi- 
aidd, vol. ii., page 129; Hen 
F ar-wnadau Cymreig, page 53. 
GORE, Radnorshire, was one of 
seven who were acknowledged 
at the first Association held at 
Watford, as public preachers. 
He laboured chiefly in Brecon- 
shire and Radnorshire, and was 
highly esteemed by Howel 
Harris : they were great per- 
sonal friends. At a Monthly 
Meeting held at Glanyrafonddu, 
he was appointed with Howel 
Harris and Herbert Jenkins a 
general visitor to all the So- 
cieties. At the second Associa- 
tion held at Watford, April, 
1744, he was appointed super- 
intendent of the Societies in 
Herefordshire and Radnorshire. 
He was a bold and energetic 
man in his work, after the type 
of Harris, and suffered much 
ill treatment in his zeal for 
Christ. An instance of the kind 
is recorded upon one of his 
visits to Newtown, Montgomery- 
shire, when he was in company 
with William Evans, Nantmel, 
seeking to carry on evangelistic 
work. The treatment he re- 
ceived was most cruel. He was 
fiercely pelted by the mob with 
mud and dung and stones until 
his strength was completely ex- 
hausted, and his head and 
clothes were covered with blood. 
As his friends were raising him 
out of the mud into which he 
had been thrown, a woman came 
and threw a handful of dung at 


his mouth, which almost took 
away his breath. Such was the 
treatment he received at the 
hands of the people of Newtown. 
But notwithstanding all suffer- 
ing and hardships he continued 
faithful to the evangelistic 
movement that was being carried 
on. In 1745, he went to labour 
in the English field. On April 
nth he wrote to Howel Harris, 
stating that he intended going 
to Bath and London, Before 
his death, which took place pre- 
vious to 1750, he had embraced 
Antinomian views. It is be- 
lieved that he died at Pembroke 
through having been struck by a 
stone which had been thrown at 
him by the enemies of the Gos- 
pel, when he was preaching in 
the open air. Y Method- 
istaidd, vol. i. page 223. 

BELCHER, MR. JOHN, was one 
of Howel Harris' chief support- 
ers in his early efforts for the 
religious reformation of the 
.country. In 1744, he was ap- 
pointed his chief assistant in 
the superintendence of the 
early Societies that were formed 
in various parts of Wales. His 
name is to be met with fre- 
quently in the annals of the 
movement at that period. He 
:acted the part of a pioneer with 
unflinching courage. Because 
of his eminent qualifications as 
an evangelist he was directed 
to free himself from all secular 
duties, and devote himself en- 
tirely to preach the Gospel, es- 
pecially in parts of Monmouth- 
shire, Glamorganshire and Car- 

marthenshire. He was one of 
four who were commissioned at 
a very early period to visit 
North Wales, where his services 
were highly appreciated. The 
revered John Evans, Bala, 
spoke of him as a courageous 
man, of strong faculties and a 
good preacher. Methodistiaefh 
Cymru, vol. i. page 487; vol. 
ii. page 3. 

GYFELACH, Glamorganshire, was 
born at Cilfwnwr, a farm house 
in the parish of Llangyfelach, 
May 4th, 1765. His parents 
were Rees and Mary Bevan ; the 
.former was born at Ffynonlef- 
rith, Llangyfelach, in Dec., 
1706, and the latter at Penys- 
gallen, Loughor, in April, 1735. 
He was one of five children, but 
the only child of his mother, 
who was his father's second 
wife. The Rev. Llewelyn D. 
Bevan, D.D., Melbourne, Aus- 
tralia, is a descendant of his 
brother Thomas. When but nine 
years of age he lost his father. 
He was a quiet and thoughtful 
youth, taking but little delight 
in the games and frolics of his 
day and district. His mother 
gave him the best education 
within reach, at first in the 
neighbourhood of his home, and 
afterwards at Swansea. He 
then settled down to a farmer's 
life. When 20 years of age he 
married Mary, the daughter of 
Mr. William Parry, Gellywren- 
fawr, Llangyfelach, by whom 
he had thirteen children, six 
boys and seven girls ; two of the 


latter died in infancy. When 
23 years of age he joined the 
Methodist Church at Goppa, 
which was four miles distant 
from his home. He at once be- 
gan to take a deep interest in 
the Methodist Movement. In 
1791, in company with Mr. Grif- 
fith Morgan, Glynhir, who was 
much his senior and watched 
over him as a father, he went 
to an Association held at Aber- 
ystwyth, to seek permission for 
the administration of the or- 
dinances of Baptism and the 
Lord's Supper at Goppa. This 
privilege, which was granted by 
the ruling authorities reluctant- 
ly to any church, was, through 
the advocacy of the Rev. David 
Jones, Llangan, given. Soon 
after this, Hopkin felt the de- 
sire to preach, and in this mat- 
ter he was encouraged by his 
elderly friend, Mr. Morgan. 
The result was that in 1793 he 
.formally entered upon the work. 
His services soon became highly 
appreciated, though he never 
became a popular preacher, in 
the usual sense of the word, as 
his style was heavy. In 1809 he 
took an active part in the erec- 
tion of a chapel at Llangyfelach 
where he henceforth held his 
membership. Indicative of the 
esteem in which he was held, it 
is sufficient to say that he was 
among the first lot of preachers 
ordained to the full work of the 
ministry at Llandilo in 1811. 
So far as is known, he never 
travelled much in North Wales, 
but he visited the several count- 

ies of South Wales, and went 
occasionally to Bristol and Lon- 
don. On one of his visits to the 
Metropolis in the year. 1812 
he induced the friends to hold 
special preaching services at 
Easter, and these services have 
been held annually uninterrup- 
tedly ever since. Being a man 
of sound judgment, and his per- 
sonal godliness above suspicion, 
he was ' for many years the 
acknowledged leader of his 
Monthly Meeting. As a preacher 
he was orthodox in his doctrine 
but slow of speech. At times 
he had powerful services when 
an unction from the Holy One 
rested upon the people. Few 
equalled him in his gift in 
prayer. He was also a con- 
siderable poet. He died Dec. 
29th, 1839, aged 75 years, and 
was buried, according to his de- 
sire at Llangyfelach. Before 
he passed away, he wrote a 
brief history of the beginning of 
Calvinistic Methodism in his 
own district. His Memoir by 
tJie Rev. W. Samlet Williams; 
Y Drysorfa, vol. x. page 64. 

CASTLE, Breconshire, died in 
the year 1814. For twelve years 
previous to his death, there was 
so much bitterness shown by the 
clergyman of the parish towards 
the Methodists that he would 
not allow their mortal remains, 
when being buried, to be taken 
into the church, nor was the 
church burial service read at 
the grave. A change, however, 
came to pass in 1814, when the 


old vicar died. His son, who 
succeeded him in office, restored 
to the Methodists their rights 
in this respect : and William 
Bevan was the first who was 
buried under the restored order. 
During the years of his min- 
istry he rendered much service 
to the churches of Methodism, 
especially in Breconshire. He 
visited North Wales, on one oc- 
casion at least, in company with 
the Rev. John Williams, Panty- 
celyn. Y Tadau Methodistaidd, 
vol. ii. page 151 ; Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii. page 354. 

ARTHNEY, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the earliest preachers of 
Methodism, and was highly 
thought of. At the second As- 
sociation held at Watford, 
April 6th and yth, 1744, he was 
appointed superintendent of 
the churches in his county. At 
his house a Monthly Meeting 
was one time held which be- 
came well-known through a mar- 
vellous manifestation of the 
Divine presence then exper- 

SAINT, Carmarthenshire, was 
born in the year 1770 at Aber- 
henllan in the parish of Aber- 
nant, near Carmarthen. He 
joined the church at Meidrim 
in early life, and soon felt de- 
sirous of making known to 
others the Saviour he had him- 
self found. He was ordained to 
the full work of the ministry in 
the year 1810, and proved faith- 
ful in all sections of the Lord's 

work, according to his circum- 
stances and attainments. But 
his health for some time con- 
fined him very much to his 
home. He died, having borne 
a clear testimony that he was a 
child of God, October loth, 
1848, aged 78 years. He was not 
a man of eminent abilities, but 
he always proclaimed the truth 
with clearness and fidelity. 
Y Drysor-fa, 1849, P a & e 2 945 
Cenliadon Hedd, page i. 

Breconshire, was one of the 
early exhorters. Thomas James, 
the superintendent of the district, 
reported of him that "he 
preached the Gospel in his life 
and character, and that he was 
highly blessed through his 

SEA, was a native of Aberhen- 
man, Breconshire, and became 
a supervisor in the Inland Re- 
venue. He began to preach when 
he resided at Trecastle, Brecon- 
shire. In the year 1811, he re- 
moved to Swansea, where he 
continued his pulpit exercises. 
He is said to have been a good 
and sensible man, and a power- 
ful and lively preacher. Were 
it not that his secular calling 
prevented him from itinerating 
as a minister, he might have be- 
come one of the chief leaders in 
the Welsh Methodist pulpit. He 
died at Swansea in the year 
1822, aged 60 years. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. pages 

3i 355- 


WYS, Flintshire, was one of the 
first who joined the little com- 
pany of believers at Caerwys. 
During a considerable portion 
of his life he was a preacher 
also. He had a fine physique, 
tall and well formed, and gen- 
tlemanly in his bearing though 
he was but a working weaver. 
He excelled as a singer and 
rendered much service to the 
singing of the sanctuary. He 
was a blameless Christian, 
though not a very talented 
preacher. He died March 24th, 
1803, aged 60 years. Method- 
istiaeth Cymrti, vol. iii. page 

IDLOES, was one of the early 
preachers who co-operated with 
Howel Harris. He was present 
at the Association held at 
Tyddyn, Montgomeryshire, 

April, 1745. But he soon after 
left the Methodists, and is sup- 
posed to have joined the Congre- 
gationalists. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 359. 

BALA, Merionethshire, was one 
of the second generation of 
Methodist preachers. At the 
time of his birth the land was 
covered with darkness as regards 
the Gospel, and Dafydd was 
brought up in complete ignor- 
ance of Divine things. He was 
the son of Cadwaladr and Cath- 
erine Dafydd who lived at Erw 
Ddinmael, in the parish of 
Llangwm, Merionethshire, and 
was born in the year 1752. The 

way in which he learnt to read 
was peculiar. Jointly with an 
elder brother he was in the habit 
of caring for his father's sheep, 
which he got to know through 
the pitch-mark letters on their 
sides, and then he began to dis- 
tinguish the sheep of neighbour- 
ing farmers in the same way. 
One Sabbath, when his father 
and mother had gone to Church, 
he accidentally took the Com- 
mon Prayer Book in his hand, 
to divert himself in reckoning 
its pages. In doing so, he re- 
cognized similar letters in the 
Book to those on the sheep. The 
following week, these letters 
were continually in his mind, 
and in naming any one he re- 
peated the letters to himself 
slowly thus; R O B E R T 
and then rapidly joining them 
together in one word. Within 
two months he learnt to read 
fairly correctly, without a day's 
schooling. When eleven years 
of age he entered the service of 
a Mr. Wynne, Garthmeilo, with 
whom he remained six years. 
During this time he became pos- 
sessed of a copy of "Y Bardd 
Cwsg" (The Sleeping Bard), 
and also a Welsh copy of " The 
Pilgrim's Progress." He com- 
mitted these two books almost 
entirely to memory, so that he 
could repeat any portion of 
them. His services as a reciter 
of varied scenes set forth in 
these books, were often in great 
demand during the winter 
months, when the people of 
different households would meet 


together of an evening to knit 
stockings. He was the subject 
of religious impressions when 
about five years of age, through 
hearing his mother pray, in 
great agony of mind and man- 
ner during a terrific thunder- 
storm. The reading of the two 
books already referred to kept 
his mind much fixed upon reli- 
gious truths. His knowledge 
however was very limited. 
When about 15 years of age, he 
accidently heard of a seiat a 
church meeting which interest- 
ed him much, for he was told it 
was a meeting for reading and 
prayer and conversation on re- 
ligious subjects. He had never 
previously heard of such meet- 
ings, and apparently he had 
never heard of any one preach- 
ing, except the clergyman of the 
parish, and Jesus Christ and 
His Apostles. And strange to 
say, though he knew so little 
about preaching, yet he felt a 
deep desire to engage in the 
work. After leaving Garth- 
meilOj he was for two years in 
service at Nant-y-cyrtiau, four 
miles from Bala, and having 
his Sabbaths free, on the condi- 
tion of providing himself with 
food, at his own cost, he availed 
himself of the opportunity of 
attending religious services at 
Bala fasting from morning to 
evening. When 19 3'ears of age, 
he entered the service of Wil- 
liam Evans, Fedw-arian, who 
was a preacher with the Method- 
ists, and about the same time he 
joined the Calvinistic Method- 

ist Church at Bala, of which he 
continued a member to the end 
of his life. 

When 28 years of age, he was 
urged by the revered old saint, 
John Evans, Bala, to preach. 
He went to Cerrigydrudion for 
the purpose, but he got so con- 
fused that he made no further 
attempt for two years. When 
he next took the matter in 
hand which was at Llandrillo 
and Llanarmon, he had such 
light and unction that he took 
to the work heartily. In about 
two months' time he attended 
an Association in South Wales. 
To his great surprise he heard 
himself announced to preach at 
the early morning service, at 6 
o'clock. He felt strongly in- 
clined to betake himself quietly 
away, as he was so inexperienced 
in the work. However, he 
thought better of it and re- 
mained, although his mind was 
too anxious to permit of his 
taking any food. Nor did he 
sleep the whole of the night, 
but spent the hours thereof in 
prayer and meditation, with the 
result that he had a glorious ser- 
vice quite a Pentecostal occa- 
sion. During his early minis- 
try his style of preaching was 
that of thundering against sin, 
and warning his hearers of its 
terrible consequences : and his 
sermons were marvellously 
owned of God to the conversion 
of his hearers. 

It is supposed that it was at 
an early period in his ministry, 
he made the following remark- 


able covenant with the Lord, 
which reveals his complete 
surrender to Him, " I, Dafydd 
Cadwaladr this day, give my- 
self to be the Lord's for 
ever. I give Him my soul 
to be kept and saved by 
Him, my body to be a sacrifice 
unto Him, my heart to love 
Him, my tongue to glorify Him, 
my time to serve Him, my mem- 
bers to be the instruments of 
righteousness for Him : in His 
Person I will believe, in His 
blood I will wash myself, in 
His grace I will strengthen my- 
self, in His Word I will medi- 
tate, upon His glory I will fix 
my thoughts, upon His bosom 
I will rest, in the ways of His 
commandments I will walk ; 
against sin I will fight, under 
the Cross I will suffer, for all 
men I will pray; thus I pur- 
pose to live to God, and to trust 
alone in His goodness for 
strength and grace to keep my 
vow; and lest I should ever re- 
call my words, God Father, 
Son and Spirit the angels of 
heaven, and the devils of hell, 
and my own conscience shall be 
the witnesses to my covenant. 
Isaiah xlv. 5, i Tim. vi. 12, 
Psalm cxix. 106. Keep me, O 
God, at all times from every 
kind of presumption and error, 
near to Thyself. A blessing 
upon me." 

He was a popular preacher, 
having a quaint style of de- 
livery, which was attractive and 
effectual. His sermons were 
proverbial for their quotations 

of Scripture. He knew almost 
the whole of the Bible by heart, 
and could at once command any 
passage he needed to illustrate 
or enforce his point. His 
memory was most retentive. He 
was particularly careful to ful- 
fil all his engagements, however 
rugged the roads he had to 
travel or inclement the weather ; 
neither storm nor sunshine 
would prevent him from pro- 
ceeding on his journey, and that 
on foot, as he never rode on 
horseback. He often walked 
thirty or forty miles on 
Saturday, and the same dis- 
tance again on Monday, 
and possibly, twenty or thirty 
miles on Sunday from one 
preaching station to another. 
He was a great walker even to 
the end of his days. He re- 
peatedly travelled the whole of 
Wales fulfilling his ministry. 
He was a man mighty in prayer, 
and spent much time in com- 
munion with his Master. Un- 
der no circumstances would he 
omit family worship, even when 
obliged to leave home at three 
o'clock in the morning. 

Nor was he an inconsiderable 
poet. He wrote an elegy to the 
memory of the Rev. Thomas 
Charles, Bala, which went 
speedily through four editions, 
and is universally praised. 

He continued to labour in the 
Gospel until the very end of his 
life. Though he lived to the 
Sand year of his age, he was 
not incapacitated from work but 
for a few weeks. He died, 



July gth, 1834, aged 82 years, 
after 52 years of active service, 
under many difficulties, as a 
preacher of the Gospel. His 
mortal remains were laid to rest 
in Llanycil Churchyard. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i. 
page 543 ; Enwogion Swydd 
Feirion, page 54. 

CARMARTHEN, is acknowledged 
to have been for many years one 
of the leading men of his Deno- 
mination, not only in the town 
where he resided, but in the 
Monthly Meeting of his County 
and> the Quarterly Association 
of South Wales. He served in 
the diaconate for about twenty 
years before he entered the ranks 
of the ministry. In fact he was 
forty-six years of age when he 
began to preach, and it was only 
at the urgent request of the 
leading ministers of the body, 
including his brother, the Rev. 
Thomas Charles, B.A., Bala, 
that he did so. He was any- 
thing but a man desirous of 
pushing himself before the pub- 
lic : but his deep thoughtful- 
ness, wide culture, and exalted 
views upon divine things, led 
those who knew him to urge 
upon him to become a minister 
of the Gospel, and thus bring 
forth things new and old in the 
hearing of the people from .the 
rich treasury he possessed. 

He was born at Pantdwfn, 
near St. Clears, Carmarthen, 
Oct. nth, 1762. He was the 
third son of his parents, and 
seven years younger than his 

renowned brother Thomas. Like 
him, he was from his earliest 
years fond of books, so much 
so that his father one day re- 
uarked to his mother, " I don't 
know what we shall do with 
David, unless we bring him up 
a parson." But whilst a re- 
spectable farmer he was of too 
limited means to afford to send 
two of his sons to Oxford. So 
David, instead of being sent to 
College to follow in the steps 
of Thomas, in the study of 
Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Mathe- 
matics, and so on, was appren- 
ticed at Carmarthen to a flax- 
dresser and rope manufacturer. 
But this did not serve to alienate 
him from his books, for during 
his apprenticeship, he commit- 
ted to memory the whole of 
Young's " Night Thoughts," 
which served him well nd en- 
tered largely into his own 
thoughts during the remainder 
of his life. This action revealed 
the bent of his mind and the 
retentiveness of his memory. 
He was not only fond of read- 
ing, but he was also religiously 
disposed. This disposition was 
greatly confirmed through read- 
ing the sermons of Ralph Ers- 
kine which exercised a deep in- 
fluence upon him, when he was 
about fifteen years of age. In- 
deed, the influence of Erskine's 
writings never left him. He 
continued ever afterwards, amid 
all the troubles of his secular 
life, to be concerned about the 
interests of his soul and of the 



Kingdom of Christ. At the 
termination of his apprentice- 
ship he went for a time to Bris- 
tol, to perfect himself in his 
calling. He remained there 
four years and found congenial 
society in the company of a 
number of young men of simi- 
lar sympathies to his own. 

He returned to Carmarthen 
about the year 1784, and started 
"business on his own account. In 
a few years' time he married a 
daughter of Samuel Levi Phil- 
lips, Esq., a banker at Haver- 
fordwest. Mr. Phillips was a 
native of Frankfort-on-the- 
Maine, the son of a Rabbi, and 
"had been brought up in the 
Jewish faith. He came to Eng- 
land, early in life, and was 
shortly afterwards converted to 
the Christian faith. His daugh- 
ter was won to embrace the 
same faith under the ministry 
of the Rev. Rowland Hill, who 
was ever a welcome visitor to 
Tier house at Carmarthen, when- 
ever he visited the district on 
his preaching tours. Through 
"his marriage Mr. Charles be- 
came comparatively wealthy. 
He was able to extend his busi- 
ness considerably, and to ren- 
der greater service to the cause 
of Christ. In addition to bring- 
ing him wealth, Mrs. Charles 
assisted him considerably in the 
advice given to scores of peo- 
ple who came to him for coun- 
sel, for she was a clever and ac- 

complished lady, and remark- 
ably sound in her judgment. 

He was chosen early in life 
to the office of deacon by the 
church in Water Street, Car- 
marthen, and soon won for him- 
self great fame and influence. 
Even at the South Wales Quar- 
terly Associations he would be 
listened to with greatest respect, 
not only when business matters 
were discussed, but also when 
the topic of conversation would 
be theological. He always pre- 
pared for the church meeting at 
home, and thus his addresses 
were most instructive and edify- 

After discharging his duties 
faithfully as a deacon for about 
twenty years, he yielded to the 
urgent request of the brethren 
that he should enter upon the 
ministry of the Gospel. He 
delivered his first sermon at 
Water Street Chapel in 
1808, when he was forty- 
six years of age. It was 
soon recognized that the step he 
thus took was a wise one and 
rich in blessing for the church. 
He proved a true expounder of 
the Scriptures and threw much 
light upon many dark passages 
of the Word. His delivery was 
not that of an orator, but slow 
and impressive. In this respect, 
the contrast between him and 
the eloquent John Elias was 
great. At the private gather- 
ings of the brethren when theo- 
logical questions were under dis- 



cussion, and the addresses were 
spoken spontaneously, Elias 
was nowhere as compared with 
Charles, whose breadth and 
depth of thought, knowledge of 
theology and clearness and pre- 
cision of language were far sup- 
erior. But on the stage, in 
the presence of the thousands 
gathered to hear the Gospel 
preached, Elias was head and 
shoulders above him and all his 
compeers. Charles was not, 
strictly speaking, a popular 
preacher, for his style was 
heavy, his speech slow, and his 
thoughts were too weighty to 
catch the ears of the masses. 
On the other hand, for the 
thoughtful section of his hear- 
ers, he was a special favourite. 
He would rivet their attention 
and charm their hearts. His 
printed sermons reveal to us the 
character of his thoughts, and 
have ever been considered ex- 
ceedingly valuable as regards 
depth and insight into the mys- 
teries of religion. The high es- 
teem in which he was held is 
revealed in the fact that though 
he had been only three years a 
preacher, when the first lay 
brethren were chosen to be or- 
dained, he was among the num- 
ber, and was ordained at Llan- 
dilo in 1811. 

He was the founder of the 
South Wales Home Missionary 
Society. When a visitor at 
Llandrindod Wells he made en- 
quiries as to the religious con- 

dition of the people in the neigh- 
bourhood, and in other parts of 
Radnorshire, and found that the 
people were grossly ignorant of 
divine things, and that their re- 
ligious condition was appalling. 
The Welsh language having- 
completely died in those dis- 
tricts, 'the interest of the people 
in religion had died at the same 
time, so he determined upon 
making the attempt to resusci- 
tate this interest. And in 1813: 
he started a Society for the pur- 
pose of sending ministers to- 
those districts, and he exercised 
over them a fatherly super- 

He exercised great watchful- 
ness and care over all the Meth- 
odist Churches within a few 
miles of Carmarthen. He often' 
went upon his own responsi- 
bility to churches in the dis- 
trict, where any fractious mem- 
ber caused a disturbance, and 
would administer the discipline- 
he thought necessary, and the 
churches would not only submit: 
to his decision, but would glad- 
ly and gratefully accept it. All 
his services were gratuitous. 
Here it may be allowed us to re- 
late an incident upon this point- 
that is reported of the Rev. 
John Evans, New Inn, after- 
wards of Llwynffortun. When 
he was asked why it was that- 
he received a fee for his minis- 
terial labours, whilst Mr. 
Charles invariably refused any 
payment ; he replied in his owrt 


humorous way, " Oh, my dear 
sir, Mr. Charles has had an 
ample fortune from the Jews; 
it is reasonable that I should re- 
ceive a little from the Gentiles." 

During his life, Water Street 
Chapel was in its glory. He 
took great interest in all de- 
partments of the work, especi- 
ally in the Sabbath School. He 
composed several short .cate- 
chisms for the annual Sunday 
School festival on Christmas 
day, and many of his hymns 
were composed to be sung at 
these meetings, when there was 
no known hymn suitable for the 
Catechism composed by Thomas 
Jones or some other brother. 
Some of these hymns, such as 

" O lesu mawr rho'th anian bur" 
have found a permanent place 
in Welsh Hymn books. He was 
not a great poet, but he wrote 
some of the best hymns in the 
Welsh language. " O fryniau 
Caersalem ceir gweled " will 
never be forgotten or laid aside 
whilst the Welsh language con- 
tinues to be used as a vehicle of 

He had a fine physique. His 
picture, which appeared in the 
"Drysorfa" some years ago, 
was, we have been informed on 
the best authority, a painful 
caricature. He was a tall stately 
man, standing six feet high; of 
massive frame and kingly ap- 
pearance, somewhat inclined to- 
wards corpulence. He had a 
splendid head, a classical face, 

a high, full and broad fore- 
head, a fine Grecian nose, a 
well-chiselled chin, large dark 
eyes and jet-black hair. " It 
was no wonder," as one writer 
states, that " the congregations 
looked upon him as an angel fly- 
ing in the midst of heaven with 
the everlasting Gospel." 

The last years of his life were 
spent under a deep cloud, 
which is full of mystery. In 
July, 1828, he was struck by a 
severe stroke of paralysis which 
deprived him almost entirely of 
the use of his limbs and his 
speech. He became utterly help- 
less. He continued to find com- 
fort in the hymns which were 
sung to him by his daughters, 
but there was no clear communi- 
cation between him and his 
friends on earth. Family wor- 
ship was still held, but at times 
under very painful circum- 
stances. When there was no one 
present to lead in prayer, the 
members of the family would 
meet together as usual in the 
room where he helplessly lay. 
After some one would read a 
chapter, and all would kneel in 
the attitude of prayer, he would 
raise his eyes and, with one 
hand towards heaven, would 
utter in sounds which no one 
but himself and his Father in 
heaven understood, the worship 
of the home. At such times 
those present would be com- 
pletely overcome by their feel- 
ings. Under these painful con- 


ditions he spent the last six 
years of his life, a wreck of his 
former self. But no doubt he 
acted upon the counsel he 
one time gave his brethren at a 
church meeting before his afflic- 
tion came upon him " Endeav- 
our," he said, " to obtain a 
clear knowledge of your ac- 
ceptance with God now, as it is 
possible that the sun will not be 
in the firmament when you will 
be called upon to walk through 
the valley of the shadow of 
death." He passed peacefully 
away on Sept. and, 1834, aged 72 
years, and was buried in the 
graveyard of Llangunnor 
Church, a beautiful spot on the 
top of a hill about a mile from 

In the year 1840 a volume con- 
taining seventy-one of his Ser- 
mons in Welsh, and a few of 
his Hymns, was published un- 
der the editorship of Hugh 
Hughes, the Artist, one of his 
sons-in-law. Vol. I. is on the 
title-page, but we are not aware 
that a second volume was pub- 
lished. In 1846, an English 
volume consisting of Sermons 
translated from the Welsh, with 
a Memoir by Mr. Hughes, was 
issued from the press. Still 
later a small volume of " Select 
Sayings," edited by his son, was 
published by Messrs. Hughes 
and Son, Wrexham. A Memoir, 
by H. Hughes ; Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xvii. pages 128, i6r, 193; Cof- 
iant John Jones, Talsarn, vol. 

ii. page 882 ; Y Gwyddoniad-ur 
Cymreig, vol. ii. page 324. 

WARD, TYJIAWR, Anglesea, was 
the son of the Rev. John Charles, 
Gwalchmai. He was born Oct. 
4th, 1806. He had all the ad- 
vantages of a religious home in 
his youth, and grew up to be a 
kind, loving, and godly young 
man. He joined the church 
when 17 years of age. He was 
brought up to the calling of a 
dyer, like his father ; and con- 
tinued therein until the time of 
his marriage to Miss Ellen 
Thomas, Carwad, Beaumaris, in 
1836, when he removed to the 
district of Tymawr " Chapel. 
Here he showed great faithful- 
ness in connection with the cause 
of Christ. Observing how he 
was growing in grace and know- 
ledge, the brethren at Gwalch- 
mai urged upon him to enter 
the ministry, and when twenty- 
three years of age, he yielded 
to their desires and commenced 
his brief career as a preacher of 
the Gospel. His preaching was 
clear, healthy, strong and effec- 
tive. He was favoured with 
many seals to his ministry. One 
man who joined the church 
sometime after Mr. Charles' 
death, declared that it was a 
sermon preached by him on the 
words, "What will be the end 
of those who believe not the 
Gospel of God?" led to his con- 
version. The sermon had 
seized upon him, and he could 


not escape from it, though he 
did not yield at once. He died 
Dec. ist, 1839, aged 33 years. 
The Rev. William Roberts, Am- 
Iwch, at his burial testified to 
his greatness, straightforward- 
ness, humility, obedience and 
faithfulness. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
x. page 193 ; Methodistiaeth 
Man, page 201. 

BALA, Merionethshire, was born 
in the parish of Llanvihangel 
Abercowin, near St. Clears, 
Carmarthenshire, October i4th, 
1755. He was the son of Mr. 
Rees Charles, a respectable far- 
mer, who removed to Pantdwfn, 
soon after his birth. Of his 
early childhood nothing is 
known. When from ten to 
twelve years of age he went to 
a school at Llanddowror, where 
the celebrated Rev. Griffith 
Jones, the founder of the Welsh 
Circulating Schools, had lived. 
His parents purposed .that he 
should be trained for Holy 
Orders. He continued to at- 
tend this school, which was 
about two miles distant from his 
home, for three or four years. 
During this period he experi- 
enced deep religious impressions 
which, in a measure, passed 
away. He continued, however, 
to take considerable interest in 
religion, attending the services 
of the Church, and reading the 
Scriptures, and other books of 
a religious character with much 
diligence. He also found much 

pleasure in hearing Gospel ser- 
mons, and would often walk 
alone a considerable distance so. 
as to do so. That which was. 
most blessed to him was the 
reading of John Bunyan's 
treatise on "The Two Coven- 

After a time he became ac- 
quainted with Rhys Hugh, a. 
pious old man who lived a few 
miles away. He called upon 
him regularly once or twice a. 
week, and found his conversa- 
tion most profitable. Rhys. 
Hugh was an old disciple of the- 
Rev. Griffith Jones, and told 
young Charles many a stirring 
story about him and his work. 
In his Diary, Charles declares 
that he looked upon him as his 
spiritual father, and that he 
loved him as his own soul. Yet. 
his personal religion, at this 
time, consisted very much in 
holy desires and in the obser- 
vance of the outward rites of 
the Church. After becoming a 
communicant he succeeded in in-, 
troducing family worship at his- 

When about fourteen years of 
age he went to the Academy at 
Carmarthen, then under the 
charge of the Rev. Dr. Jenkins. 
He also joined the Calvinistic 
Methodists in the town, which 
shews that he was alive to his 
spiritual interests. He here met 
with some godly friends whose 
conversation was much blessed 
to him ; but he also fell in with 



a few others of a careless and 
worldly character, whose in- 
fluence upon him was altogether 
Ibad : the Lord, however, graci- 
ously opened his eyes and de- 
livered him out of their snare. 

Early in the year 1773 he 
lieard the Rev. Daniel Rowland, 
Llangeitho, preach from the 
text Heb. iv. 15, and it pro- 
duced a deep and lasting im- 
pression on his mind. It proved 
a complete turning point in his 
.spiritual career. He records in 
his Diary that from this time 
forth he " lived in a new heaven 
and a new earth. The change 
which a blind man who receives 
"his sight experiences does not 
exceed the change I experienced 
at that time in my mind." 

He finished his preparatory 
-course at Carmarthen in 1775, 
and Providence in an unexpect- 
ed manner opened up the way 
for him to proceed to Oxford, 
where he matriculated at Jesus 
College on May 3ist. He was 
fully alive to the temptations of 
University life for young men, 
.and felt much anxiety regard- 
ing them. Both Oxford and 
Cambridge had at the time a 
rather bad reputation as to mor- 
als and religion. In a letter to 
a friend he speaks of the tc fiery 
temptations " of the university, 
and how they proved ruinous to 
many who went there to study 
for Holy Orders. He looked to 
the Lord for protection against 
the corrupting influence of the 

place ; and he was fortunate in 
meeting with several truly pious 
young men in whose company 
he found much delight and pro- 

When he had been here about 
two years dark clouds unexpect- 
edly overshadowed his path. 
His pecuniary aid from Wales 
became suddenly stopped, and 
notwithstanding the utmost 
care he found himself 20 in 
debt. But Providence again 
marvellously interposed and de- 
livered him out of his perplex- 
ity. He had resolved to explain 
his position to his creditors and 
return home to Wales. But a 
door of help opened. A gentle- 
man sent for him to dine with 
him, and before he left handed 
to him the 20 he needed, and 
at the same time told him that 
he should not want during his 
stay at Oxford. He was 
brought likewise into contact 
with the Rev. John Newton, 
Olney, Bucks, with whom he 
spent the summer holiday of 
1777, and found it a great pri- 
vilege. Whilst here he had the 
joy of hearing the saintly Ro- 
maine and other leaders of the 
Evangelical School preach. 

On June i4th, 1778, he re- 
ceived deacon Orders at Oxford, 
having previously accepted a 
curacy in Somersetshire. But 
as his services were not required 
before Michaelmas he accepted 
an invitation from his friend 
and fellow-student, Mr. Simon 


."Lloyd, Bala, to spend a month 
with him at his home. This 
visit proved very eventful. It 
was then he first made the ac- 
quaintance of Miss Sarah Jones, 
who later on became his wife. 
She was a step-daughter of Mr. 
Thomas Foulkes, afterwards of 
Machynlleth. During his five 
weeks' stay with Mr. Lloyd, 
both of them visited several 
parts of North Wales, to 'see 
for themselves the state of the 
country as regards morals and 
religion. Mr. Lloyd also ac- 
companied Mr. Charles to Pant- 
dwfn, calling on the way at 
Llangeitho, where they heard 
Rowland preach twice. On the 
1 7th of August he preached his 
first sermon at Llanvihangel, his 
father's parish church. Among 
others who were delighted to 
hear him was his old friend 
Rhys Hugh. He went to his 
curacy, near Queen Camel, 
about the middle of September. 
In the month of March, 1799, he 
took his B.A. degree at Oxford : 
and on May zist, 1880, he re- 
ceived priest's Orders. 

He laboured in Somersetshire 
for nearly five years, at what 
seems to us an exceedingly low 
salary : but of course the value 
of money was much greater 
"then than it is now : the first 
year it was ^45 : then it was re- 
duced to 4.0, and afterwards to 
30. At the time the first re- 
duction . was made he had 
through a friend the offer of a 

better curacy which he refused, 
but when it was lessened the 
second time, he felt in great 
straits, not willing to leave on 
the ground of pecuniary con- 
siderations, though the reduced 
salary would not be sufficient 
for his support. He was provi- 
dentially relieved from this diffi- 
culty through the kindness of 
the Rev. Mr. Lucas, a college 
friend, who 1 had just come to re- 
side in the neighbourhood, and 
with whom he went to live at 
Milbourne Port, as a kind of 
assistant, though he needed no 
one, and he furnished Mr. 
Charles with a horse that he 
might serve his own curacy 
which was eight miles off. 

In the summer of 1783, he 
resigned his curacy and left 
Milbourne Port on the 23rd of 
June, and on August 2oth he 
was married. About the same 
time he resolved to seek a curacy 
somewhere in the neighbourhood 
of Bala. He also attended an 
Association at Llangeitho, at 
which there were present about 
twenty clergymen and sixty or 
eighty lay preachers. On this 
occasion he heard Rowland 
preach twice, three other clergy- 
men once, and several lay 
preachers, men endowed with 
special ability. Preaching be- 
gan on Saturday and continued 
till Wednesday evening. 

The troubles which ultimately 
led to his secession from the 
Church of England became now 



more acute. He got the curacy 
of a church in the neighbour- 
hood of Bala, but after the seer 
ond Sunday he received a long 
letter politely excusing him 
from further attendance. He 
then assisted Mr. Simon Lloyd, 
whose health at the time was 
very unsatisfactory, but he was 
soon besought by the whole 
parish, with two or three of the 
principal inhabitants at their 
head, who spoke to him in a 
very rough strain, not to preach 
in their church again, saying, 
" You have cursed us enough 
already." For some time after 
this he had no church where he 
could preach, and he had not 
yet fully understood the direc- 
tion of the Master that he 
should go to the bye ways and 
hedges and compel all he could 
find to come in to the prepared 
Gospel feast. Hitherto he had 
continued a steadfast adherent 
of the Established Church, and 
had no thought of forsaking it. 
In a letter dated September 
zgth, 1783, he writes, " I am 
now waiting to see what the 
Lord has to do with me; mak- 
ing use of every means in my 
power to procure some employ- 
ment in the Established Church ; 
not for the sake of any emolu- 
ments I might have, but from a 
principle of conscience. I can 
live independent of the Church ; 
but I am a Churchman on prin- 
ciple, and shall therefore not 
on any account leave it, unless 

I am forced to do so." But it 
was most depressing to him to 
be idle, and he felt with keen 
force the expression, "Woe is 
unto me, if I preach not the Gos- 
pel." After a time he obtained 1 
a temporary curacy at Shaw- 
bury, in Shropshire, under an 
old College friend, a Mr. 
Mason. But Shawbury, was 
from forty to fifty miles dis- 
tant from Bala, where he con- 
tinued to reside : going to and 
fro to Shawbury weekly, oc- 
casionally spending a week or 
more with Mr. Mason, the in- 
cumbent of the parish. 

Early in 1784, he obtained the 
curacy of Llanymawddwy, four- 
teen miles distant from Bala 
where he still made his home. 
He travelled to and fro in all 
weathers, often on foot through 
frost and snow, and this though 
the road was one of the most 
rugged and precipitous, even in 
Wales. But he fulfilled his 
duties with faithfulness, not- 
withstanding the roughness of 
the journey, and the little re- 
muneration he received for his 
services. Whilst here he re- 
vived the custom of catechising- 
young people every Sunday- 
afternoon. This feature in his 
ministry was highly appreci- 
ated by some of his flock, and" 
was no doubt instrumental in 
doing much good : but it gave- 
great offence to others, who 
complained of his proceedings 
to the rector : thev also dislike 1 


his preaching. The result was 
that the rector sent him a let- 
ter of dismissal. A counter 
petition was drawn up by those 
who liked his ministry, but it 
never reached the rector the 
person to whom it was entrusted 
afterwards acknowledged that 
he was prevailed upon to destroy 
it. He then served occasionally 
at Shawbury again. Finding 
his services rejected in church 
after church, he felt quite per- 
plexed as to the course he 
should take. He wrote to the 
Rev. John Newton, Olney, for 
advice. Mr. Newton recom- 
mended him to leave Bala and 
even Wales, rather than that he 
should secede from the Church. 
Mr. Charles, possibly, having 
placed before him the alterna- 
tive of throwing in his lot with 
the Methodists, in view of his 
rejection by the Church in 
Wales. He shrank from acting 
precipitately, seeking to know 
the Lord's will. In a letter to 
one of his friends, dated June 
lath, 1784, he writes : tc I am 
in a strait betwixt two things ; 
between leaving the Church 
and continuing in it. Being 
turned out of three churches in 
this country, without the pros- 
pect of another, what shall I 
do? In the last church I served, 
I continued three months. There 
the Gospel was much blessed, as 
to the present appearance of 
things. The people there are 
calling on me with tears to feed 

them with the bread of life. 
What shall I do? Christ's 
words continually sound in my 
ears, ' Feed my lambs.' I 
think I feel my heart willing to 
engage in the work, be the con- 
sequences what they may. But 
then I ought to be certain in my 
own mind that God calls me to 
preach at large. This stimu- 
lates me to try all means to 
continue in the Church, and to 
wait a little longer to see what 
the Lord will do. I thank the 
Lord, I want nothing but to 
know His will, and to have 
strength to do the same. . . . 
I tremble lest the Lord should 
find me unfaithful, when I see 
so much work to do. I often 
think I hear my dear Master 
saying to me ' Why standest 
thou here all the day idle?' " 

Being disengaged on the Sab- 
baths, and recognizing the ig- 
norance of the young people at 
Bala, he invited them to his 
house for religious instruction 
on Sunday evenings. His house 
soon became too small for 
the number who attended. The 
Calvinistic Methodists then 
offered him the use of their 
chapel. This offer he accepted, 
and it proved highly advantage- 
ous for the work he had at 
heart. Scholars rapidly in- 
creased in number, and he in- 
structed and catechised them. 
In this way his Sunday School 
practically commenced. This 
was in 1784. Others may have- 



commenced similar work ere this 
in Wales, but Mr. Charles 
makes no reference in any of 
his letters to anything of the 
kind. At these services for re- 
ligious instruction, he doubt- 
less delivered many addresses 
and thus paved the way for the 
more formal preaching of the 
Gospel. Towards the end of 
the same year, or the beginning 
of the next, he entered definite- 
ly upon preaching with the 
Methodists. Writing of it many 
years later he said, " it was no 
choice of mine ; it was provid- 
ence that led me to it;" and in 
the same letter, indicative of the 
fact that he never repented ' of 
the action he took, he says, tc I 
might have been preferred in 
the Church; it has been re- 
peatedly offered me ; but I 
xeally would rather to have 
spent the last twenty-three 
years of my life as I have done, 
wandering up and down our 
cold and barren country, than if 
I had been made an archbishop." 
It was now that his active la- 
hours, which proved so great a 
'blessing to his country, really 
commenced. His work was in a 
great measure that of a mission- 
ary. In many places, especially 
in North Wales, little more 
'knowledge of God and His 
word, was to be found, than in 
"heathen countries. The immor- 
.ality and ungodliness which 
prevailed were also intense. The 
".Bible was almost an unknown 

book : in many parishes, not 
even ten could he found cap- 
able of reading ; and in several 
parishes in Anglesea, not even, 
two or three. 

In the summer of 1785, Mr. 
Charles attended the annual As- 
sociation of the Methodists at 
Llangeitho, and took part in 
the services. Mr. Rowland at 
once perceived that he was a 
man of no common worth, and 
remarked in regard to him, 
" Charles is a gift from the 
Lord to North Wales." At this 
time there was not a single 
clergyman in North Wales 
identified with the Methodist 
movement. In taking the course 
he did Mr. Charles was fully 
aware how humiliating was the 
position held by the Methodists 
in North Wales. There were a 
few highly-gifted and popular 
lay -preachers, but the people as 
a whole were looked upon with 
contempt. He knew also that 
the remuneration he would re- 
ceive would be scanty, and in 
some places nothing at all. In- 
deed, throughout his whole sub- 
sequent career, he depended al- 
together for his support upon 
his wife, who carried on a 
business at Bala, and whatever 
he received for his preaching 
services, he consecrated to the 
service of the Lord. Notwith- 
standing this, he threw himself 
into the work with zeal and en- 

In the same year, he com- 



menced his services as an itiner- 
ant preacher, arranging his 
journeys at first in such a way 
as to be at Bala on the last Sab- 
bath of every month, when he 
administered the ordinance of 
the Lord's Supper in the Meth- 
odist. Chapel. When on his 
preaching itinerances, he recog- 
nized the alarming ignorance 
and wickedness of the people, 
and was deeply touched by their 
miserable condition. He found, 
notwithstanding the good which 
had been done by the Circulat- 
ing Schools of the Rev. Griffith 
Jones, that much of it had 
been very transient, as there was 
scarcely a neighbourhood in 
which one out of twenty of the 
population could read the word 
of God. So he resolved upon 
starting a similar class of 
Schools in North Wales. In a 
letter written by him and dated, 
Bala, August 5th, 1797, he says, 
"About nine years ago, while 
travelling through different 
parts of the country, I found 
very large districts between the 
mountains of North Wales sunk 
in total ignorance of divine 
things; few, if any, could read 
at all, and they had no Bibles 
in their houses. I anxiously 
began to think how it was pos- 
sible to remedy so great an evil. 
No practical plan occurred to 
my mind, but that of employing 
a teacher or teachers, as my 
finances would allow, to teach 
all freely that would attend, to 

read their Bible in their native 
language, and to instruct them 
in the first principles of Christ- 
ianity. By the assistance of a 
few generous friends, to whom I 
communicated my thoughts, the 
plan was set on foot, and suc- 
ceeded far beyond my expecta- 
tions. The calls for teachers be- 
came numerous. The change in 
the principles and morals of the 
people, where the school had 
been held, was evident. All the 
income from the chapels I serve, 
I devote wholly to their sup- 
port ; being supported myself by 
the industry of my wife. I pay 
every teacher 12 per annum. 
They continue half a year or 
three quarters, in a place, and 
then they are removed to an- 
other. Three quarters of a year 
are found fully sufficient to 
teach our children to read their 
Bible well in the Welsh langu- 
age. I visit the schools myself, 
and catechise them publicly. I 
have the unspeakable satisfac- 
tion of seeing the country most 
amazingly changed. The wil- 
derness blossoms as the rose, 
and the thirsty land is become 
springs of water." He would 
himself visit a locality where he 
was about to establish a school, 
and seek to induce the parents 
to send their children for in- 
struction. In another letter he 
says, " We have now about 
twenty schoolmasters in differ- 
ent parts of the country. To 
each we pay ^10 a year. They 



are removed from place to place 
and teach gratis all that will at- 
tend, rich or poor." Possibly 
he had to modify his payments 
according to the funds at com- 

Great efforts are made to show 
that Mr. Charles was not the 
founder of the Sabbath School 
in Wales. Very likely he was 
not the first who kept a Sabbath 
School or arranged for one. It 
would probably be very difficult 
to say who was the first who did 
so. But whilst he was 
not the founder of the in- 
stitution, he was far and 
away more instrumental in 
starting schools than any other 
labourer in this branch of the 
Lord's vineyard, and did more 
than any one else in furthering 
the development of the organiza- 
tion. No one is comparable to 
him in this respect. Through 
his efforts and influence and per- 
suasion the Sabbath School was 
started in scores, if not hun- 
dreds of places, and as the Rev. 
David Evans, M.A., in his Sun- 
day Schools of Wales, says, 
"The Rev. Thomas Charles, of 
Bala, was the first to organize 
the system of Sabbath Schools 
throughout the length and 
breadth of the land. In doing 
this he had to face much opposi- 
tion, even from truly religious 
people in various localities, who 
considered that the teaching of 
people to read even the Bible, 
was secular work, and, when 

done on the Sabbath, it was a 
desecration of the day. How- 
ever, he persisted in his efforts, 
and through his Circulating 
Schools he was greatly assisted 
by the God-fearing and devout 
men who, for the ridiculously 
small salary of 10, 12 or ^15 
a year, engaged in the work." 
He himself looked upon the 
Sabbath School as a fruit in a 
great degree of his Circulating 
Schools. The Sunday School 
catechetical meetings which he 
organized in many districts con- 
tributed much to its success. He 
would convene a meeting of a 
number of schools within a 
radius of ten miles, more or 
less, when every school would 
be examined on a given subject 
which had been studied at home* 
for two or three months pre- 
viously. At times, as many as 
fifteen to twenty schools would be 
thus assembled, and marvellous 
results followed. Great excite- 
ment and enthusiasm were 
aroused, and crowds of people 
would come together to hear the 
public examination, which was 
usually full of interest and in- 
struction. The gathering would 
sometimes be summoned to meet 
at a place and time, where a 
rural festivity called "Wakes" 
was to be held, and in some 
cases, it was the means of 
putting an end to these ungodly 
and degrading gatherings. 

A prominent feature of the 
Sabbath School as it became de- 


2 3 

veloped in Wales was the pre- 
sence of adults as well as child- 
ren. Indeed, the majority of 
those present in Welsh Sunday 
Schools were usually above the 
age of fifteen fully two-thirds 
were of this class. This feature 
continues even to this day in 
Welsh Schools, though it is to 
be feared that the English 
Schools in Wales are following 
after the fashion of those in 

As the Circulating and Sun- 
day Schools increased the de- 
mand for Bibles also rapidly be- 
came louder. This became a per- 
plexity to Mr. Charles, as the 
supply was utterly inadequate 
to the demand. The Society for 
the Promotion of Christian 
Knowledge issued in 1799 an 
edition of 10,000 copies in 
Welsh. But these were soon 
bought up, and the difficulty of 
obtaining a copy of the Welsh 
Bible is indicated by the famil- 
iar story of " Mary Jones " and 
her visit to Mr. Charles in 
quest of a Bible. The scarcity 
of the supply of the Holy Book 
so moved him that he did not 
rest until he discovered,- as he 
thought, an effectual plan for 
its remedy. In December, 1802, 
he visited London to preach at 
the Spa Fields Chapel, and as 
a country member of the Religi- 
ous Tract Society he attended 
one of its committee-meetings. 
And the idea occurred to him to 
suggest and plead for the forma- 

tion of a Society whose special 
object would be to secure a 
supply of Bibles without note 
or comment for Wales. The re- 
sult was that he laid his plan 
before the committee. After 
some discussion, the Rev. 
Joseph Hughes, of Battersea, 
suggested the extension of the 
scheme. "If for Wales," he 
said, "why not for England? 
Why not for the whole world?" 
This was the root idea of the 
Bible Society, and it at onca took 
root and grew. Thus Mr. Charles 
gained his special object in re- 
lation to Wales, and the new So- 
ciety formed, resolved on Sep- 
tember 3, 1804, to print 20,000 
copies of the Welsh Bible and 
5,000 copies of the New Testa- 
ment. Some delay took place in 
the execution of the order : the 
New Testament was not ready 
for delivery until July, 1806, 
when it formed the first parcel 
issued by this grand Society. 
The following is a description 
by an eye-witness, given in the 
" Christian Observer " for July, 
1810, of the manner these Testa- 
ments were received at Bala. 
" When the arrival of the cart 
was announced which carried 
the first sacred load, the Welsh 
peasants went out in crowds to 
meet it, welcomed it as the Is- 
raelites did the Ark of old 
drew it into the town, and eager- 
ly bore off every copy, as rapid- 
ly as they could be dispersed. 
The young people were to be 


seen consuming the whole night 
in reading it. Labourers carried 
it with them to the fields, that 
they might enjoy it during the 
intervals of their labour, and 
lose no opportunity of becoming 
acquainted with its sacred 

The Committee of the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, at a 
meeting held March 6th, 1809, 
showed its appreciation of Mr. 
Charles' services by electing 
him unanimously to be an Hon- 
orary Life Governor. 

During the whole of his 
ministerial life in connection 
with the Methodists, he was in- 
cessant in his labours. He was 
almost continuously on the 
tramp on his preaching itiner- 
ancies both in North and South 
Wales, and oftentimes in Eng- 
land. He was regular in his 
attendance at the Associations 
and Monthly Meetings of his 
denomination. He had the care 
of all the Circulating Schools in 
the various localities. In the 
year 1800 the superintendence of 
the Rev. P. Oliver's chapels in 
Chester and the district de- 
volved upon him. Mr. Oliver 
died that year, and left Mr. 
Charles a trustee of the places 
of worship he had erected. 
This added considerably to his 
labours and anxiety. He man- 
aged moreover to do consider- 
able literary work. In conjunc- 
tion with the Rev. Thomas 
Jones, Denbigh, he published 

the Trysorfa Ysbrydql (The 
Spiritual Treasury) which 
rendered much service to the 
cause of religion. It was pub- 
lished quarterly from 1799 to 
1802, price sixpence. It was re- 
sumed by Mr. Charles himself 
in 1809 and continued to 1813. 
He was for years one of Wales' 
greatest literary forces. It 
might be questioned if any book, 
excepting of course the Bible, 
has played so important a part in 
building up the religious char- 
acter of Wales as his Hyffordd- 
wr (Christian Instructor), of 
which more than 60 editions 
have been published. He also 
published a Geiriadur Ysgryth- 
yrol (Bible Dictionary), con- 
sisting of four volumes, 
which left a wonderful mark 
on the popular . theology of 
Wales. This work was pub- 
lished in parts, and it would 
appear that he was assisted in 
some degree in the preparation 
of the early pages by Mr. John 
Humphreys, Caerwys. In every 
way he was the chief leader of 
the denomination, though there 
were among the lay preachers a 
few who were more gifted than 
he as popular preachers, and 
more owned of God in the con- 
version of souls. 

In the year 1799, in cross- 
ing over the Migneint moun- 
tain at the time of a severe 
frost, the thumb of his left hand 
was frost-bitten. This caused 
him much pain and even en- 


2 5 

dangered his life. Much anxiety 
was felt by his family and 
friends. In the church at Bala 
special prayer was made on his 
behalf. Among others who 
prayed was one Richard Owen, 
who earnestly besought the Lord 
that Mr. Charles' life should be 
spared for fifteen years. In his 
prayer he referred to the exten- 
sion of Hezekiah's life, plead- 
ing "Fifteen years, O Lord; 
add but fifteen years to Thy sef- 
servant's life. Spare him for fif- 
teen years for Thy church and 
Thy people, O Lord !" He was 
spared ; and during these years 
he rendered his greatest service 
to the cause of truth, virtue and 
religion. He referred fre- 
quently during the last years of 
his life to Richard Owen's 
prayer : and he died at the close 
of the fifteen years. 

One of the most important 
matters in which Mr. Charles 
took part during the whole course 
of his connection with the Meth- 
odists, and which led to the final 
and complete severance of the 
Methodist movement from the 
Established Church, was that of 
the ordination of lay preachers 
to- administer the ordinances 
of the Lord's Supper and Bap- 
tism. By the time of the 
later years of the eighteenth 
century and the early years 
of the nineteenth, the Meth- 
odist Churches had increased 
very much in number, and 
great inconvenience was felt as 

regards the administration of 
these ordinances. There were 
few Clergymen identified with 
the Methodists who would ad- 
minister the ordinances in their 
chapels ; moreover, many of the 
people were reluctant to attend 
the Communion Service in their 
parish churches because of the 
character of the Clergy. These 
and other matters led to the de- 
mand being made by the people 
for the ordination of a number 
of the most prominent preach- 
ers to meet the requirements of 
the churches. Mr. Charles for 
a time resisted the clamour that 
arose. But ultimately, at an As- 
sociation held at Bala, June, 
1810, he yielded to the voice of 
the people, and undertook to- 
draw up rules according to 
which the ordination was to take 
place : and in June, 1811, he 
took the leading part in the ser- 
vice at Bala at the first ordina- 
tion of preachers eight in num- 
ber. In August of the same year, 
eleven chosen from the lay 
preachers of South Wales, were 
ordained at Llandilo, Carmar- 
thenshire. The Rules he drew 
up for the occasion are still in 

During the spring and early 
summer of 1814 Mr. Charles' 
strength began to fail, and 
though he continued his work, 
it was not with the energy with 
which he was wont to act. In 
August, he and Mrs. Charles 
went to Barmouth for change of 



air and recuperation. From 
here they went to Machynlleth 
to visit their friends, and he 
preached on Sunday, Sept. 4th ; 
this proved the last occasion of 
his occupying the pulpit. He 
returned home Sept. loth, and 
must have felt weak, for he re- 
marked, " I have now nothing 
to do but die." On the morn- 
ing of his death he was visited 
by a friend who remarked to 
him, "Well, Mr. Charles, the 
day of trouble is come." " Yes," 
he replied, "but there is a re- 
fuge,." These were his last 
words, and he passed away that 
morning, October 5th, when he 
was nine days short of com- 
pleting his 5gth year. He had 
been 36 years in the ministry. 
Nineteen days later, Mrs. 
Charles also died. He was 
buried at Llanycil, about a mile 
outside the town of Bala. 

His tombstone bears the fol- 
lowing inscription : 

Underneath lie the remains of the 

of Bala. 

Who died Oct. 5th. 1814, aged 59. By 
his indefatigable endeavours when in 
London f A.D. 1804) to procure a supply 
of the Holy Scriptures for the use of his 
native countrymen he became the' means 
of establishing 

The British and Foreign Bible Society. 

He was the reviver of the Welsh Circu- 
lating Charity Schools, and a most active 
promoter of Sunday Schools both for 
children and adults and North Wales 
(the more immediate field of his minister- 
ial labours for 30 years) will probably re- 
tain traces of his various and strenuous 
exertions to preach the Kingdom of Christ 
till time shall be no more. 

A Memoir, by the Rev. E. Mor- 
gan, Syston ; Y Tadau Method- 
istaidd, vol. ii. page 163; Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. i. page 
326. Corrections by the Rev. D. 
E. Jenkins; Y Gwyddoniadur 
Cymreig, vol. ii. 327. 

GWALCHMAI, Anglesea, was 
highly esteemed during his 
brief ministerial career. His 
father, the Rev. John Charles, 
who out-lived him, was also a 
minister. So were his three 
brothers. William is said to 
have been the most eminent and 
successful preacher of the 
family. He was born Oct. i, 
1817 at Tynewydd, in the parish 
of Gwalchmai, Anglesea. When 
a lad he was greatly interested 
in divine things, and was fond 
of imitating the various preach- 
ers whom he heard, especially 
those in whom he took particu- 
lar interest, or whose style was 
peculiar. From imitating 

others he advanced to preach 
himself, and entered upon his 
work with great earnestness and 
originality when he was but 
nineteen years of age. In about 
twelve months afterwards he 
proceeded to Bala, where he re- 
mained for three years, enjoy- 
ing the educational training 
afforded at the Institution which 
had been recently opened by 
Drs. Edwards and Charles. 
In the year 1841 he married 
Miss Eleanor Edwards, Bodwr- 
og. His preaching was re- 


inarkable for its pathos and 
freshness. His sentences would 
lake their form from his in- 
tense earnestness and deep feel- 
ing. Dr. Hughes, of Carnar- 
von, wrote of him : " The 
beauty of his thoughts, his 
.happy expositions, and the feel- 
ing which ran through all his 
utterances, together with the 
evangelical character of his sub- 
ject and spirit, and the heavenly 
unction which accompanied his 
preaching, combined to awaken 
deep feeling in the hearts of his 
Shearers, so that usually he had 
a complete mastery over the 
whole congregation." His ser- 
mons were usually full of 
flowers gathered from the Word 
of God. His physical constitu- 
tion was at no time robust, and 
during the last three years of his 
life, his health having almost 
completely broken down, he had 
to confine his preaching almost 
exclusively to the immediate 
locality of his home. He died 
Jan. iath, 1849, at the early age 
of 31 years. His last words 
were, "All is well." A sweet 
aroma still encircles his name, 
both for his piety as a Christ- 
ian and his ability as a 
preacher. He was neither a 
learned scholar, nor a keen 
critic, i he had the happy 
knack 01 laying hold of the 
hearts of the people, so that his 
name and ministry are remem- 
bered with great affection. His 
congregations were often com- 

pletely melted under his preach- 
ing, many constrained to break 
forth in praise. A characteris- 
tic sermon of his appeared in 
" Lampau y Demi," page 57. 
Y Traethodydd, vol. ix. page 
290; Methodistiaeth Man, page 

CHIDLOW, MR. is spoken of as 
a preacher at Llandrillo yn Ed- 

LLANIDLOES, Montgomeryshire, 
is spoken of among the exhort- 
ers who stood up for Christ in 
the earliest period of Method- 
ism in the district of Llanid- 

RHYG, WAENFAWR, Carnarvon- 
shire, was one of the four 
preachers who started in Carnar- 
vonshire, of whom Robert 
Jones, Rhoslan, says, that he 
had never seen them. He must 
have commenced preaching soon 
after Howel Harris' first visit 
to Carnarvonshire. Preaching 
services were held at his house. 
He suffered much, not only from 
the spirit of persecution then 
prevalent in the country, but 
from his own family, his wife 
being bitterly opposed to his re- 
ligious sympathies and prac- 
tices. He died April 24th, 1750, 
aged 45 years, having been a 
preacher for eight years. Hanes 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 153. 

GWEISION, Montgomeryshire, 


was one of the earliest preach- 
ers. Richard Tibbot, in his Re- 
port to the Association in the 
year 1743 says of him and two 
others Dafydd Powell and Da- 
fydd Jehu, " There is reason 
to believe that God has work for 
them to do in the district. The 
three are walking in love and 
warmth and are very comfort- 
able." It is said that he was 
unable to read but would preach 
well. He was one of the 
acknowledged exhorters at 
Tyddyn Association, April, 
1745. He continued in the work 
to the end of his life. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. i. page 132, 
403; vol. ii. page 371. 

NEATH, Glamorganshire, was 
one of the early exhorters. 

Glamorganshire, is spoken of as 
a useful exhorter in his day. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. 
page 96. 

FFIN, sometimes called Sion Da- 
fydd, Llanarth, Cardiganshire, 
was one of the faithful members 
of Ffosyffin church, during the 
ministry of the Rev. Thomas 
Grey, who lived at Newquay, a 
distance of seven or eight miles 
from Ffosyffin. They induced 
John Dafydd occasionally to 
hold preaching services at their 
homes. Thus the cause at New- 
quay was started, and a church 
was formed. John Dafydd was 
a lively and Scriptural preacher. 

For some time he preached 
monthly at Aberarth on the 
Church Meeting Sabbath, and 
also at Ffosyffin, and Pensarn. 
Methodistiaeth De Aberteifi* 
pages 170, 207. 

ENGAN, Carnarvonshire, was one 
of the early exhorters. 

CASTLE-EMLYN, Carmarthenshire, 
was a clogmaker by trade, but 
laboured earnestly as a preacher 
of the Gospel in the early his- 
tory of the cause in this district. 
Preaching services were often 
held in his house. He was a. 
considerable poet, and pub- 
lished several Elegies, and other 
poetical pieces. He died in the? 
year 1814, aged 82 years. 

LEFN, Anglesea. His name is in- 
cluded among the early preach- 
ers of Anglesea. Y Gymdeith- 
as-fa, page 469. 

LLEYN, was converted under a 
sermon by Jenkin Morgan, the- 
schoolmaster, at Glasfryn 
Fawr. He went to the ser- 
vice with his pocket full of 
stones to hurl at the preacher, 
but God pierced his heart 
through the truth which the 
preacher declared, and he was 
obliged to submit to its power 
and point, and he became a 
preacher who was owned of 
God in the conversion of 
many. It is said that usually 
he was not much of a preacher,. 



but that at times he was raised 
far above himself. 

YCOLI, Anglesea, was born at 
Amlwch about the year 1730. 
He was a weaver by trade and 
resided at Amlwch Port until 
he was fifty years of age. Here 
he began his religious life and 
also his preaching career. He 
was the first preacher who 
started at Amlwch. His min- 
isterial gifts were only ordin- 
ary, but he was a true Christ- 
ian, and when observing 
family worship he would often 
draw the attention of the sailors 
of the Port. When advanced in 
life he removed to Pantycoli. 
He seldom went far from home. 
At times though he would go as 
far as Aberffraw, a distance of 
twenty miles, walking to and 
fro the same day, and providing 
himself with a little food in his 
pocket for his support. He 
identified himself with Sunday 
School work at its first start. He 
was naturally of a gentle dis- 
position and had pleasing man- 
ners. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page 505 ; Methodist- 
iaeth Man, page 52. 

LIAM, SWANSEA, was a brother of 
the Rev. David Williams, Llys- 
yfronydd, Glamorganshire, who 
was ordained after the manner 
of the Congregationalists at 
Aberthyn, near Cowbridge. He 
was one of the early preachers 
of Methodism, and did much 

good work both in North and 
South Wales. On one of his 
visits to Anglesea, he was 
handled roughly in the parish 
of Llanfechell. The persecu- 
tors rushed upon him as if he 
had committed some great 
crime, beating him mercilessly. 
He ran for his life, and when 
he saw that he could not escape 
through running from their 
hands, he jumped into a deep 
ditch full of water and hid un- 
der a gorse bush which grew 
upon its edge. They came 
upon him and began to beat him 
as if he were a mad dog. Were 
it not for the interposition of a 
farmer who lived at Tymawr, 
Llanrhyddlad, he would as- 
suredly have been killed. He 
is said to have been the first 
Methodist who preached in 
Anglesea. Reference is made to 
him in the Trefecca Minutes 
of the Association held at 
Jeffrey Davies 3 house Llanddeu- 
sant, in 1743, when he was 
placed in charge of the Soci- 
eties at Llandyfaelog, Cilcarw, 
Llanddarog and Carmarthen. 
In 1744, he was appointed to 
visit Gorseinon and Pembrey. 
What became of him afterwards 
is not known. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. i. page 115; vol. 
iii. page 29. 

ENGAN, Carnarvonshire, was 
born in the year 1747, he had 
no early educational advant- 
ages, and moreover spent his 



early life in the wilds of sin. 
He was born at Cwmbychan, 
Nanmor, near Beddgelert. His 
father's name was Dafydd Pri- 
chard, who died when Robert 
was four years of age. When 
about 21, he was awakened to a 
concern about his soul through 
a sermon he heard Sion Robert 
Lewis preach. Soon after, 
he visited a school conducted by 
Robert Jones, Rhoslan, to hear 
him catechise the children. This 
proved the means of his con- 
version. He then joined the 
Methodists. His relatives not 
liking the kind of life he was 
now led to live, he left for Bryn- 
engan, where he began to 
preach. This was about the 
year 1773. He was a fine look- 
ing man, but his attainments as 
a preacher did not correspond 
with his appearance. He would 
sometimes speak with a degree 
of indiscretion. His greatness 
was not mental but moral. He 
was fond of his Bible, and of 
the comments of the Rev. Peter 
Williams thereon. He was also 
fond of singing. As a disciplin- 
arian he was inclined to be 
severe, warning all men, pub- 
licly and privately, not to be 
satisfied with a religion without 
Christ. His death took place 
April 1 7th, 1834, at the ad- 
vanced age of 87 years. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 
264 ; Enwogion Swydd Meirion, 
page 19 ; Y Traetliodydd, vol. 
xlix. pages 113, 284. 

LLYFNI, Carnarvonshire, was the 
first preacher that arose in this 
locality. He began to preach in 
the year 1 764, and died January 
ist, 1802. He is said to have 
been a gifted man, highly es- 
teemed in his district and 
country. His sermons were 
usually short and sweet. As a 
man he was gentle and kind, 
and exceedingly fond of child- 
ren. He was devoted to the ser- 
vice of Jesus and the welfare 
of his fellows. For some years 
previous to his death he suffered 
from severe bodily infirmities. 
He could neither mount his 
horse nor alight without as- 
sistance ; and indeed before his 
end, he had to be carried from 
place to place, and helped into 
the pulpit. Nevertheless, the 
demand for his service was 
great. Once in the pulpit, he 
would discourse with much 
vivacity and pleasantness, as if 
he suffered from no physical 
infirmity. What characterised 
him chiefly was the gentleness 
of his disposition and the 
unction which accompanied his 
preaching. He was beloved by 
his brethren and was deeply 
sympathetic with young preach- 
ers. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page 170; Y Gymdeith- 
asfa, page 472. 

STANT, ABERAVON, Glamorgan- 
shire, began to preach in the 
year 1805. He was a rare good 


man full of zeal and affection. 
In his presence quarrels seemed 
to cease. On his way to the 
sanctuary he would call upon 
his neighbours and invite them 
to the service in the words of 
the prophet Isaiah, " Come ye, 
and let us go up to the mountain 
of the Lord, to the house of the 
God of Jacob," and his manner 
was catching. He was greatly 
beloved in his neighbourhood. 
He wrote an Elegy to the mem- 
ory of the Rev. William Tho- 
mas, Tydraw, Pyle, Glamorgan- 
shire. He died in the year 1813. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. 
page 39. 

THEGARON, Cardiganshire, was 
born in the year 1720. He felt 
the power of the truth shortly 
after the revival began at Llan- 
geitho, about the year 1738. 
Two years later he began to 
preach. In the year 1746 he re- 
moved to Camerfawr, near Tre- 
garon, where he henceforth re- 
sided. He was frequently 
spoken of as Shon Camer. He 
was an active man and rendered 
great service to the cause at Tre- 
garon. He was an earnest, 
plain and faithful preacher of 
the Gospel in his own neigh- 
bourhood for 54 years. On his 
deathbed he remarked to the 
Rev. Evan Richardson, Carnar- 
von, who visited him, " I con- 
cealed nothing that occurred to 
me from anyone, and I feel no 
uneasiness of conscience through 

having said too much to anyone 
throughout the period of my 
ministry." He died in the year 
1794. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page 40. 

the neighbourhood of SAETHON- 
BACH, Lleyn, Carnarvonshire, 
was one of the early preachers 
of Carnarvonshire. His minis- 
terial gifts were not very con- 
spicuous, but he was faithful, 
and his labours were of con- 
siderable service in his day and 
sphere. He was never known 
to break an engagement. He 
had the strange habit, when 
preaching, of closing his eyes, 
and he utterly failed to rid 
himself thereof. Dryck yr Am- 
seroedd, page 187. 

Glamorganshire, was one of the 
early exhorters. 

Carmarthenshire, was one of the 
clergymen who forsook the 
Methodists at the time of the 
ordination of the lay preachers 
in 1811. During the period of 
his association with the Meth- 
odists, he was hearty in his co- 
operation and attended their 
Monthly Meetings and Quarter- 
ly Associations with consider- 
able regularity. He was not 
much of a preacher, but his rank 
as an ordained Clergyman sec- 
ured for him a good standing 
at the Methodist gatherings ; 
and his services in the adminis- 


tration of the Ordinances of the 
Church was valuable. 

PETER, Cardiganshire. His 
career as a preacher was short. 
He died in 1833. 

CASTLE-EMLYN, spent many years 
in military life. During this 
period he commenced preaching. 
Upon his retirement from the 
army he settled at Newcastle- 
Emlyn, where his preaching ser- 
vices were in considerable de- 
mand. But he died shortly 
afterwards in the year 1817. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 464. 

Carmarthenshire, was one of the 
preachers who frequently sup- 
plied the church at Newcastle- 
Emlyn in its early history, and 
also the preaching stations of 
the district. 

morganshire, was the minister 
of Aberthyn Church when the 
Sabellian section thereof was ex- 
pelled on account of heretical 
doctrines, and then formed a 
new church, and built a new 
chapel called Bethesda, in 
which a well-Known preacher 
and hymnist, named Thomas 
Williams, officiated to the end 
of his life. 

BROKESHIRE. The honour be- 
longs to Mr. Davies of having 
"been one of the circle of three 
~who, through their ministry and 

labours, were instrumental, in 
the hands of God, in giving 
origin to the religious move- 
ment, which proved to be the 
birth throes of Welsh Calvin- 
istic Methodism, and in superin- 
tending the same during its 
earlier years, especially in 
Pembrokeshire. He was not, 
perhaps, so eloquent as Daniel 
Rowland, nor so indefatigable 
and bold in his labours as 
Howel Harris, but he was a 
true and worthy yoke fellow, 
and, considering that he was at 
no time in the enjoyment of ro- 
bust health, he did his part 
well, travelling hither and 
thither a good deal, and this, it 
must be remembered, when tra- 
velling was not the pleasant 
thing it is to-day for weak con- 
stitutions, for the roads in 
many places were exceedingly 
rough, and the accommodation 
in many places was poor. In 
his own more particular sphere, 
Pembrokeshire and the western 
parts of Carmarthenshire, his 
labours were unceasing, and his 
efforts were crowned with suc- 
cess. So far as is known, he 
commenced his reforming work 
entirely independently of Har- 
ris and Rowland. He was the 
active agent of the Evangelistic 
Revival in Pembrokeshire. This 
county was far away from Har- 
ris' home, and Daniel Rowland 
seldom itinerated in its direc- 
tion. Davies was thus very 
much single-handed in his own 



county : at least he was the ori- 
ginator and leader of the move- 
ment; around him it centred 
and gathered strength. No one 
stood up to the shoulder with 
him during his life-time. 

The precise date and place of 
his birth are not known. On 
the basis of the inscription on 
his tombstone, which states that 
he "departed this life Jan. i3th, 
1770, aged 52 years," he must 
have been born in 1717 or early 
in 1718. He was descended from 
a religious and respectable 
family ; and thus he was 
brought up from early child- 
hood under the sanctifying in- 
fluences of a religious home. 
After he had spent some time 
at a country school near his 
home, he was placed under the 
care of the Welsh Apostle, as 
he is sometimes styled, the Rev. 
Griffith Jones, Llanddowror, un- 
der whose tuition he attained 
considerable proficiency in the 
Greek and Latin languages and 
in other branches of learning. 
Under the powerful and heart- 
stirring ministry of Mr. Jones, 
his religious sympathies were 
quickened and deepened ; the 
Saviour became precious to his 
soul. Having tasted that the 
Lord is gracious, he solemnly 
determined to offer himself a 
candidate for Holy Orders in 
the Church of England, and he 
prepared himself accordingly. 
Having been ordained he went 
forth at once in the spirit and 

power of Elijah. He was not 
at any time a mere formal and 
worldly clergyman, but even at 
the start of his ministerial life 
he took a decided position 
.against the sinful customs then 
prevalent. His first curacy 
was Llysyfran, Pembrokeshire, 
where he soon drew much atten- 
tion by his bold and eloquent 
preaching. Necessity was laid 
upon him to warn and persuade 
the thoughtless and reckless of 
the danger wherein they stood, 
and to unfold to them the 
glorious Gospel of Jesus Christ. 
But his preaching was too bold 
and plain to please the uncon- 
verted clergy, and a cry was 
soon made against him. At 
first, when his fame spread, the 
churches were opened for him on 
every hand, and crowds flocked 
to hear him. But an opposite 
current soon set in, and his 
strong denunciation of the evils 
of the times, both in high and 
low circles, among both clerics 
and laity, awakened a bitter op- 
position. His evangelical zeal 
and his strong antagonism to 
the corrupt practices of the peo- 
ple gave great offence. The 
pulpits became gradually shut 
against him, and he had even 
to relinquish his curacy of Llys- 
yfran, in about eight months' 
time. But this did not silence 
his voice nor lessen his zeal. lie 
continued to go where any open- 
ing presented itself, and fre- 
quently made an opening for 



himself where he could lift up 
his voice against sin and on be- 
half of the Gospel. The enemy 
was on the alert and active. 
The usual methods of opposition 
were called into play. Never- 
theless the good work prospered. 
He took the bold step of preach- 
ing on unconsecrated ground. 
He was the first of the clergy 
in Wales who did this. Row- 
land had not yet ventured upon 
this course : Harris had, but he 
had not received episcopal or- 
dination. Griffith Jones had 
often preached in churchyards, 
when the church was too small 
to contain the congregation, but, 
so far as we know, he did not 
preach elsewhere. To take this 
step required in Mr. Davies a 
degree of courage which at the 
present time we are hardly able 
to realise : it formed an im- 
portant epoch in the movement 
which resulted in the origin of 
the Calvinistic Methodist body. 
In the early part of his ministry 
Mr. Davies was a Boanerges. 
In his denunciation of sin and 
the evil practices of his day and 
neighbourhood he employed the 
strongest language, and like- 
wise in his warnings to his 
hearers to flee from the wrath 
to come. But like another 
Boanerges, the longer he sat at 
the feet of Jesus, he became more 
softened in his character and 
mellowed in his preaching. The 
well-known John Evans, Bala, 
writes of him, " He has been 

here on several occasions. He 
was a tender and .affectionate 
man, and a very winning 

After his retirement from 
Llysyfran he for some time 
itinerated. On August 3, 1740, 
he received Priest's Orders, 
from the Bishop of St. David's, 
and was licensed to the curacy 
of Llanddowror and Llandilo- 
Abercowin, under his beloved 
teacher, the Rev. Griffith Jones. 
Although these parishes are in 
'armarthenshire, yet Pembroke- 
shire continued to form his 
chief sphere of labour, so that 
he is fitly described as the father 
of Methodism in that county. 
That same year he came in con- 
tact for the first time, so far as 
is known, with Howel Harris 
at Haverfordwest, and they at 
once became fast friends. 
Though Davies was not present 
at Watford Association, Harris 
consulted him regarding it and 
the measures agreed upon. Har- 
ris' letter at this time reveals the 
high estimate he formed of his 
ministry, and its marvellous 
success. Prendergast, Haver- 
fordwest, became the centre of 
his labour, but his direct re- 
lation to the Church is not clear. 
It is known that he ministered 
here, and administered the or- 
dinance with much regularity 
for years to vast crowds, and 
yet his name is not found on 
the Register of the Church, 
either as Rector or Curate. At 



one time he preached statedly in 
four different places in Pem- 
brokeshire, besides Prendergast 
Capel Newydd, Woodstock, 
Moncton, near Narberth and St. 
Daniel's, near Pembroke. In 
the year 1746, he informed Mr. 
Joseph Williams, Kiddermins- 
ter, at an Association held at 
Trevecca, that he had in Pem- 
brokeshire 2,000 communicants. 
In 1744, he married Miss Cath- 
erine Poyer, the daughter of 
John Poyer, Esq., who was of 
Norman descent, and related to 
one of the most respectable 
families in the county. She 
was brought up with her grand- 
parents in a lovely mansion of 
the name of Parke ; but both had 
died before she married Mr. 
Davies. Through this mar- 
riage Mr. Davies became at 
once a wealthy man, and he 
found a wife of true religious 
sympathies. But Mrs. Davies 
died at the birth of her first- 
born, who survived her hardly 
two years. Some time after 
this, he married Miss Luce Phil- 
lips, the daughter of Mr. Hugh 
Phillips, a wealthy gentleman 
in the neighbourhood. She in- 
herited the whole of her father's 
property. Like his first wife, 
she was remarkable for her good 
sense and fervent piety : she 
was also a good singer. Their 
only surviving child, Margaret, 
was married to the Rev. Nath- 
aniel Rowland. 
Mr. Davies continued amid 

all changes to labour in the 
good cause, preaching, attend- 
ing Monthly and Quarterly 
meetings, itinerating, looking 
after his scattered flocks in Pem- 
brokeshire : and occasionally, 
notwithstanding his infirm 
health, taking lengthened 
journeys into North Wales, 
where his preaching produced 
lasting impressions. Williams 
of Pantycelyn, in his Elegy to 
him, speaking of the angels as 
recounting his labours, says : 

" D'wedent i ni fel y teithiodd, 

Pan oedd yn ei iechyd gynt, 
Mynwy, Dinbych, a Chaernarfon, 

Mon, Meirionydd a Sir Fflint 
Fel cyhoeddodd yr Efengyl 

Gydag ysbryd bywiog, rhydd, 
O Lanandras i Dyddewi. 

O Gaergybi i Gaerdydd." 

A chapel was built for him 
at Woodstock in 1754, which was 
the first chapel built by the 
Methodists in Pembrokeshire. 
At its opening in 1755, White- 
field administered the 'ordinance 
of the Lord's Supper, and it is 
supposed to have been the first 
occasion of its administration 
in an unconsecrated building 
belonging to the Methodists. 
Another was built at Capel 
Newydd, for the northern part 
of the county in 1763. He was 
the intimate friend of White- 
field, frequently accompanying 
him on his journeys through 
Wales, and assisting him in his 
evangelistic efforts in England. 
He was one of the regular sup- 
plies at the Tabernacle, Totten- 


"ham Court Road j and in popu- 
larity he stood high in the es- 
teemed circle of eminent preach- 
ers who gathered around White- 
field aad the Countess of Hunt- 
ingdon, and he preached in 
their several chapels in Lon- 
don, Bristol, Brighton, Bath 
and other places. In 1748 he 
was one of a party of minis- 
ters who accompanied Lady 
Huntingdon and other ladies of 
similar position and religious 
sympathies on a tour through 
South Wales. For fifteen days 
successively two of the minis- 
ters preached in some town or 
village through which they 
passed, and in this way scat- 
tered the seed of Divine truth. 
This visit possibly had some- 
thing to do with her Ladyship's 
establishment, some years after- 
wards, of her College at Tre- 

No doubt he was a very 
powerful preacher, second to no 
one excepting Rowland, in the 
esteem of the old people. He 
was equally popular in Welsh 
.and English. He had a fine 
presence and a fine voice. The 
crowds who came to hear were 
oftentimes quite enraptured by 
'his eloquence. And he retained 
his popularity to the end with- 
out a break. But his life was 
comparatively short : he was 
"but 52 years of age, when he 
died, in his mansion at Parke, 
"January i3th, 1770. His end 
was peace. He breathed his 

last " in the full triumph of 
faith and with the placid smile 
of conscious victory." His soul 
had long been accustomed to 
look into eternity with pleasure. 
He delighted in contemplating 
the moment when his spirit, 
freed from the shackles of flesh 
and sense, should enter his 
Father's kingdom. " His faith, 
was firm and unshaken to th'e 
last; and his hope, as an 
anchor sure and steadfast, was 
cast within the veil." He was 
buried with his wife Elizabeth 
ir the graveyard of Prendergast 
Church, Haverfordwest. The 
Evangelical Magazine, Septem- 
ber, 1814, page 377; The Trea- 
sury, vol. viii. page 41, 67; Y 
Tadau Methodistaidd, vol. i. 
page 128. 

BERIS, Carnarvonshire, began to 
preach in the year 1848. His 
career as a preacher was very 
short : he died in December, 
1850, aged 36 years. Gym- 
deithasfa, page 472. 

GAMMABCH, Breconshire, is re- 
ferred to by the Rev. Maurice 
Davies, Builth, in his Elegy to 
the Rev. John Williams, Panty- 
celyn, as the only Methodist 
preacher in Breconshire, young- 
er than himself, when he came 
to reside there in the year 1818. 
He describes him as 

"Goreu frawd a gwr o fri." 

In his later years he took Or- 
ders in the Church of England. 



GWYN, Cardiganshire, was born 
at Tirgwyn, near Pensarn, June 
24th, 1798. His father was 
Evan Davies, who took a pro- 
minent part, at the Association, 
in bringing to pass the ordina- 
tion of lay preachers. He en- 
joyed considerable educational 
advantages. He was a quick 
and thoughtful lad, and a- 
wakened in the minds of those 
who knew him the expectation 
of wide usefulness. He was, 
in his early years, urged re- 
peatedly to enter the ministry, 
but he resisted all appeals, 
from a sense of unfitness and 
unworthiness for the holy call- 
ing. At last, when about 
twenty-seven years of age, he 
yielded to the solicitations of 
his friends, and at once took an 
honourable position in the 
ranks of the ministry. He was 
ordained at Cardigan in the 
year 1833. From the start of 
his ministerial life, which took 
place in the year in which the 
gifted Ebenezer Morris died, 
much of the care of the churches 
in the district of Twrgwyn fell 
upon him. His farm duties 
hindered him for some time 
from doing as much for the 
cause as he should like ; but at 
the urgent request of his 
friends, he gave up the farm at 
Synod Uchaf, and removed to 
the neighbourhood of Twr- 
gwyn, where he devoted himself 
entirely to the work of the min- 
istry. For the two years prev- 
ious to his death, he itinerated 

and preached very frequently. 
In 1840, he preached, it is said, 
315 times, and in the following 
year 400 times. Early in 1842 
his strength began to fail him 
through overwork, and on the 
loth of August, he departed this 
life. His preaching was of a 
high type. The mass of the peo- 
ple, it may be, were hardly able 
to appreciate his sermons, 
which were full of beautiful 
thoughts, delivered in a rather 
quiet tone. The late Rev. Dr. 
Lewis Edwards wrote of him, 
" Jenkin Davies was one of a 
thousand, especially as regards 
his knowledge of the Holy 
Scriptures and his ability in 
handling them. He could pre- 
sent them so orderly in their re- 
lation to each other that every 
pearl appeared in increased 
beauty." As a man mighty in 
the Scriptures he left his mark 
upon the neighbourhood ; his 
influence too upon the children 
and young people of his dis- 
trict was very great. Though 
comparatively young, he was 
appointed to deliver the Charge 
at the Ordination service in 
August, 1842, and he prepared 
accordingly, but at the time 
the Association was held he was 
in the struggle with Death. 
The Rev. Henry Rees spoke of 
him as a bunch of genius (sw-p 
o genius). The sorrow a- 
wakened by his death was wide- 
spread and deep. David Jenkin 
Davies, Chemist, Aberystwyth, 
was his son. Memoir, by the 
Rev. Abel Green, and Mr. John 


Hugh Jones, Aberaeron; Y 
Traethodydd, vol. xlix. page 

43 6 - 

IOAN, Carmarthenshire, not 
only preached, but kept a 
school, which was attended by 
several young preachers, who 
were prepared by him for the 

Breconshire, was a vigorous 
preacher, and laboured with 
much acceptance for many 
years. He died about the year 

was one of the early preachers 
in his district. 

DAVIES, MR. JOHN, Liverpool, 
was a native of Cefnmeiriadog, 
near St. Asaph. By occupation 
he was a weaver. He first 
joined the church at Bryn- 
bugad, Tanyfron, Denbigh- 
shire, where he also began to 
preach. He lived for a time at 
Henllan, and then removed to 
Liverpool, where Methodism 
was in a very weak state. He 
was the first Methodist preacher 
from Wales who settled there. 
His gifts as a preacher were 
not bright, but he was acknow- 
ledged to be a devout Christian. 
His constitution at best being 
delicate, his health soon gave 
way, and he lived but two 
years. He died in the year 
1789, and his remains were 
buried in St. Paul's church- 
yard. During his short stay in 
Liverpool he rendered much 
service to the young Methodist 

cause. In conjunction with 
three others, he helped con- 
siderably in the erection of 
Pall Mall Chapel. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymric, vol. iii. page 403 : 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 181. 
GLYN, Denbighshire, was born at 
Glythen Uchaf, a farmhouse in 
the parish of Henllan, on 
October ist, 1760. His father 
was a very ungodly man, given 
much to drinking, and the use 
of bad language; but his 
mother was a God-fearing 
woman, who urged him to fol- 
low the ways of virtue and re- 
ligion. When about three and 
twenty years of age, he felt a 
strong desire to preach the Gos- 
pel, but it was two years later 
before he engaged in the work. 
On one occasion, shortly after 
he began, he had to sit down 
through failing to find a word 
to say. He felt much ashamed, 
but he did not faint owing to 
this day of adversity : he set 
about the work again, and be- 
came a man of considerable 
eminence among his brethren, 
as evidenced by the fact that he 
was one of the eight brethren 
ordained at the first ordination 
of lay preachers at Bala in 
1811. In 1797 he married 
Sarah, the daughter of Robert 
and Barbara Jones, of Ben-y- 
bryn-caled, Llanddoget, Den- 
bighshire, by whom he had five 
children. Soon after his mar- 
riage, he settled at Nant-yr-hen- 
goed, Nantglyn. He itinerated 
much through both North and 



South Wales, after the manner 
of the preachers of his day, and 
won for himself much respect. 
He was a man of quick under- 
standing, humorous in speech, 
tender and gentle in feeling, 
and sociable as a friend. His 
sermons were scriptural, evan- 
gelical and instructive. In the 
early }'-ears of his ministry 
there were but few chapels in 
the country, so the preaching 
often took place in the open 
air, wherever a company of peo- 
ple could be got together to 
hear the Word. Mr^ Davies 
often preached under these cir- 
cumstances, and many a time 
was he compelled by the ene- 
mies of the Gospel to desist as 
they hurled at him small stones 
and any missiles they could lay 
their hands upon. He perse- 
vered in his work until within 
a fortnight of his death, which 
took place at Denbigh, June 
loth, 1843, i n tne ^3rd year of 
his age. His remains were 
buried at Nantglyn. His 
portrait, presented by Mr. Thos. 
Roberts, Denbigh, is at Bala 
Theological College. Hanes 
Cychwyniad a Chynnydd MetJi- 
odistiaeth Calfinaidd yn nJirej 
Dinbych, page 14; Y Drysorfa, 
vol. xiii. page 234. 

CHAPEL, Pembrokeshire, died in 
the year 1846, after a few years' 
service as a preacher. 

CYMERAU, Carmarthenshire, is 
included in the list of preach- 
ers in the Drysorfa, 1844. 

AEDOG, Merionethshire, some- 
times spoken of as John Davies, 
Llwyneinon, was one of the 
second generation of preachers 
in his county. He itinerated 
occasionally throughout Wales, 
and was generally known as 
Sion Dafydd o'r Bala. He was 
a spiritually-minded man, and 
his character was blameless, 
which led him to be highly 
thought of in his own district. 
His preaching abilities were 
not great, but he was a sound 
theologian and a true Christian, 
specially gifted in the task of 
feeding the saints at church 
meetings. He kept a close 
watch over the church at home. 
He died May ist, 1820, aged 
71 years. Hanes Methodist- 
iaeth Dwyrain Meirionydd, 
page 101. 

BUILTH, Breconshire, removed 
here to reside in the year 1818. 
He was a popular preacher, and 
was ordained at Llangeitho, 
August loth, 1826. In the year 
1830 he published a brief 
" Memoir of the Rev. John Wil- 
liams, Pantycelyn," with the 
consent of the South Wales 
Quarterly Association. A 
second edition, printed at Pont- 
ypool, was published the fol- 
lowing year, in which appeared 
a number of verses in memoriam 
of Mr. Williams. He and the 
Rev. William Havard, were to 
have preached at Mr. Williams' 
funeral, but the difficulties of 
travelling prevented them from 


being informed in time. After 
living for a short time at Br-yn- 
mawr, Mr. Davies emigrated to 

RHYDYBERE, Breconshire, was a 
native of Pembrokeshire, and 
came to Maesmynis, in the 
neighbourhood _of Builth, to 
conduct one of Madame Bevan's 
schools. He was afterwards re- 
moved, at the request of Daniel 
Rowland, to Pontrhydybere, 
where he became of great ser- 
vice to Methodism. He began 
to preach in Pembrokeshire 
about the year 1770, when he 
was 20 years of age. He was 
suddenly and undesignedly led 
to do so through that the ex- 
pected preacher, at a service an- 
nounced to be held, failed to 
make his appearance, and Rhys, 
who was highly esteemed in the 
district, was asked to take his 
place. In the emergency he 
consented, and he continued 
throughout the remaining 53 
years of his life to hold forth 
the banner of the Cross. He 
made, as many as thirty preach- 
ing itinerancies through North 
Wales. He died at Talgarth, 
Breconshire, in 1823, aged 72 
years, and his remains were in- 
terred near the chapel. His 
son, David, who had accom- 
panied him on some of his itin- 
erancies, was a well-known 
deacon at Talgarth for many 
years, and was eminent for his 
prayers. Metliodistiaetli Cym- 
ru, vol. iii. page 339. 


SADWRN, previously of CAYO, 
Carmarthenshire, was for some 
years one of the leaders of his 
Monthly Meeting : indeed, in 
his later years, he was almost 
invariably appointed moderator. 
He had a marvellous gift of 
speech, and could enlarge al- 
most endlessly upon whatever 
matter might be under discus- 
sion. His one drawback as a 
chairman was that he spoke too 
much, and usually spiritual- 
ized almost everything. The 
Rev. Thomas Job, in an article- 
describing him in " Y Cylch- 
grawn," gives an instance of 
this feature which would be- 
ludicrous, were it not for the- 
solemn character of his re- 
marks. " It was necessary at a 
Monthly Meeting, of which he- 
was chairman, to appoint new 
trustees to the deeds of a chapel 
which had a hundred years to 
run. He laid it before the 
meeting in the following man- 
ner : c Well, my dear breth- 
ren, this is a matter worthy of 
our attention to secure suit- 
able brethren as trustees to the 
deed to secure the chapel to the 
Connexion for a hundred years. 
Such a matter is very import- 
ant ! But how insignificant it 
it as compared with the import- 
ance that these brethren who 
want the names to the deed, 
and also ourselves, should have 
our names inscribed on the book 
of life ! and that our life should' 
be hid with Christ in God!'" 
He proceeded in this strain, 
enlarging upon the Lamb's book 


of life, upon heaven and the 
life in Christ, until all were in 
tears, and had forgotten them- 
selves, excepting the friend who 
needed the names of the new 
trustees. This person asked the 
Rev. Thomas Jones, Llanddar- 
og, who sat next him, ' Where 
is the matter of the lease 
now?' 'Oh,' he replied, 'with 
Richard Dafydd in heaven this 
half-an-hour, and when it will 
come back I have no idea. 3 
Whilst Richard Davies was 
thus discoursing to the delight 
of his audience upon heaven 
and the Lamb's book of life, 
Thomas Jones interposed and 
said, ' Dear Richard, come 
back to the big pew to finish 
with the appointment of the 
trustees.' ' Yes, indeed, Thomas 
Jones,' he replied, ' we must at- 
tend to the things of this world. 3 
The trustees were then ap- 

He was the son of David 
Richards, Bedwgleision, near 
Cayo, and was born Sept. 
2ist, 1770. The Methodist cause 
in the district of Cayo was first 
started, and was carried on for 
some years at this farmstead, in 
the days of Richard Davies's 
grandfather. His mother was 
Judith, the daughter of David 
Evans, Maesglas, in the parish 
of Cayo. Richard had lit- 
tle early educational advan- 
tages, though he learned to 
read and understand English 
better than many. By trade he 
was a tailor, and he pursued 

that calling for some years 
after he had entered upon the 
work of the ministry. In his 
twentieth year he first made a. 
profession of religion. Six- 
years later he married Mary,. 
the daughter of John Morgans, 
Glan-frene, Cayo, by whom- 
he had eleven children, all of 
whom, excepting three daugh- 
ters, died in their infancy. In 
the month of September, in the- 
same year, he commenced to 
preach, and at once became very 
popular. He was ordained to 
the full work of the ministry at 
Llangeitho, August i8th, 1815. 
He was short in stature and in- 
clined to be stout ; and as a man 
he was sensible, quiet, happy,, 
and gentle. As regards the 
form of his sermons, he re- 
sembled the early preachers of 
Methodism, they were textual 
rather than topical, without 
any divisions or branches, 
yet not lacking in arrange- 
ment. He would expound the 
text and context, and then 
he would say that he had a 
beautiful subject, like the drop- 
pings of the honey-comb. He 
had a most retentive memory, 
and would remember everything 
he read or heard or thought, 
and he always had an abun- 
dance of language to set forth 
his thoughts. He was gentle 
and fatherly towards young 
ministers. A bruised reed he 
would not break, and smoking 
flax he would not quench. He 
died Sept. aist, 1847, a g ed 77 


years, having been a preacher 
of the Gospel 51 years. Byw- 
.gra-phiad y Parch. Richard 
Da-vies, gan D. Hughes, Cross 

RYN, Merionethshire, began to 
preach in 1796, and died in 
September 1847. He lived for 
some time in the chapel house 
of Arthog, and was one of the 
regular supplies at Salem, Dol- 
gelley, during the years 1812 
1835. Cofiant y Parch. Edward 
Morgan, Dyffryn, page 43. 

GRAIG, Carmarthenshire, died 
Nov. 5th, 1842. y Drysorfa, 
vol. xiii. page 31. 

HAVERFORD WEST, Pembrokeshire, 
was one of the early preachers 
of his county. He took a pro- 
minent part in publishing and 
circulating some of the Rev. 
Daniel Rowland's sermons. He 
succeeded in getting the MSS. 
from the great preacher him- 
self, though he profited nothing 
from the fruits of his pen. 

WYDDELAN, Montgomeryshire, 
died January 2oth, 1842, aged 
49 years. He began to preach 
at Llanwyddelan in 1821, and 
was ordained at Bala, June 
1 3th, 1838. It can be said of 
him that he was faithful in all 
his house. Like Phineas, he 
was jealous against sin; like 
Timothy, he was careful of the 
flock; like Elijah, he was re- 
markable in prayer ; and like 
Paul, the salvation of his peo- 

ple was near his heart. His in- 
terest in the Sabbath School 
was great, and his Temperance 
zeal consumed his soul. He 
was buried at Llanwyddelan. 
In a Galargan, John Hughes. 
Pontrobert, says of him, 

" Davies syml o Lanwyddelan, 

Buan daeth ei daith i ben : 
Cadd y brawd defnyddiol hwnw 

Angeu chwerw drwy'r frechwen. 
Naw a deusain o flynyddoedd, 

Hyny ydoedd hyd ei oes ; 
Un ar hugain o pa flwyddi 

Bu'n cyhoeddi angeu'r sroes." 

Y Drysorfa, vol. xiii. page 14; 
vol. xii. page 96. 

Glamorganshire, was one of the 
early preachers. 

CERIG, Carmarthenshire, the son 
of Mr. David Thomas, in the 
parish of Pencarreg, was born 
June 6th, 1784. He was brought 
up by his uncle, Mr. William 
David Lewis, Pantllyn. He 
was of a religious disposition 
from a child, and he joined a 
Congregational Church. When 
23 years of age, he began to 
preach, and continued to do so 
for four years. In 1811 he mar- 
ried Ann, the daughter of Mr. 
John Davies, Gilfach-goch, 
Brechfa, and the following 
year he transferred his church 
membership to the Methodists 
at Brechfa. On December 4th 
of the same year he received 
permission from the Monthly 
Meeting of the county to 
preach, and for nearly 25 years 
he preached at Brechfa on one 



Sabbath every month. He was 
a. gentle and loving friend, one 
who soon won the affections of 
the people, and his preaching 
was pleasing to them. He 
preached much on the miracles 
of Christ, and did so because he 
was delighted to think of 
Christ's power to heal and to 
raise the dead. In 1822 he re- 
moved to Pantllyn, Danycerrig, 
in the parish of Llanpumsaint, 
where he resided during the last 
1 5 years of his life. He rendered 
much service to the church at 
IRhydargaue, where he held his 
membership during his later 
years, and also to the Monthly 
Meeting. After the death of 
the Rev. Arthur Evans, Cynwil, 
"he held the secretaryship for 
some years. He was a promin- 
ent advocate of the Temperance 
movement. He died October 
24th, 1837, aged 53 years, leav- 
ing a widow and eleven child- 
Ten to lament his loss. He was 
"buried at Llanpumsaint. 

near HOLYWELL, Flintshire, was 
one of the earliest of those who 
joined the Methodist movement 
in his county. He commenced 
the habit of exhorting the peo- 
ple of his district as early as 
1767, if not earlier. He was a 
bright Christian, and an earn- 
est though not a great preach- 
er. He was a weaver by trade, 
and had no early educational 
training. He was a native of 
Caerwys. He suffered much op- 
position at Holywell and else- 
where when he sought to preach 

Christ and Him crucified. 
Many a time was he pelted 
with stones and dung and rot- 
ten eggs. He would often go 
forth on a Sunday morning 
with a little plain food in his 
pocket, and would receive 
nothing for his labours but 
fierce and violent opposition ; 
sometimes he was glad to escape 
with his life. He was one of 
three who first preached in 
rotation in Liverpool at the 
start of the Methodist cause. 
When supplying there one Sab- 
bath, an earnest appeal came 
from Manchester for a preacher 
who would preach to the few 
Welsh who began to gather 
themselves together for worship 
in their native tongue. So he 
volunteered to go, and thus he 
was the first who preached in 
Welsh in Manchester. He died 
Oct. i8th, 1823, aged 86 years, 
after having preached the Gos- 
pel for 55 years. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii. pages 
284, 292, 401, 418. 

NEATH, Glamorganshire, was 
born at Stangrach, a farmhouse 
distant about half-a-mile from 
the Methodist chapel, Llanfyn- 
ydd, Carmarthenshire. He was 
born about the 3 r ear 1727. Lit- 
tle is known of his early life, 
but as religious services in con- 
nection with the Methodists 
were held at his father's house, 
it may be presumed that his 
parents were in sympathy with 
the Methodist movement. No- 
thing is recorded of his having 



spent any portion of his early 
life conforming with the evil 
practices of the youths of his 
day and district. His parents 
must have been in easy circum- 
stances, as they brought him up 
to be a clergyman. Our first 
definite knowledge of him is as 
an earnest and popular Method- 
ist preacher, acting as a curate 
at Neath, about the year 1757. 
As he was at this time 30 years 
of age, the likelihood is that 
he had previously held a curacy 
elsewhere. As his vicar, Mr. 
Pinkney, was non-resident in 
his parish, the sole charge of 
the church was in the hands of 
Davies. When he came to 
Neath, he found the church 
empty, and religion at a low 
ebb in the district, though 
Howel Harris had been there 
on more than one occasion 
preaching. He applied himself 
with great vigour to his duties, 
and sought to change the aspect 
of affairs. He visited the peo- 
ple, and preached in the open 
air a full Gospel to the worst of 
sinners, with the result that a 
great change soon came to 
pass, and the people nocked to 
the church from the outlying 
districts. His ministry was 
accompanied by great power, 
and was marked by tenderness 
and love. Whilst the people 
came there in crowds to hear 
him preach, there was another 
class, including, in the main, 
the would-be gentry and the 
easy-going clergymen of the 
neighbourhood, who bitterly op- 

posed him, and petitioned the 
vicar to dismiss him. The 
vicar, however, gave no heed to 
the appeal, as he was perfectly 
satisfied with the curate and 
his methods. But in 1768, Mr. 
Pinkney died, and soon after,. 
Mr. Davies had to leave. An 
effort was made to get him the 
living of Llangiwc, a parish 
eight miles away : but the 
gentry of the parish opposed 
his appointment because of his 
Methodistic sympathies and 
zeal. This opposition led him 
to leave the Church. He gather- 
ed his Methodist adherents to- 
gether, and resolved upon tak- 
ing a house where they might 
meet for worship, and he would 
go forth to the highways and 
hedges to invite perishing souls 
to the Gospel feast. He also- 
travelled throughout both 
North and South Wales. Short- 
ly after this he married, and for 
a time kept a day school in addi- 
tion to preaching on the Sab- 
bath. About the year 1776, a 
chapel was built, or an old 
chapel restored, for him at. 
Gyfylchi, in the parish of Mi- 
hangel, a short distance to the 
east of Neath. This was a 
great Methodist centre for some 
years, and glorious services 
were often held. The people 
who assembled were remarkable 
for the warmth of their spirits : 
they frequently broke forth at 
the services to praise and bless 
the Lord; hundreds of times 
they literally danced with de- 
light on the floor of the chapel. 



The remembrance of these re- 
freshing seasons are still cher- 
ished by the people of the dis- 
trict. The Methodists wor- 
shipped here until the year 
1827, when a chapel was built 
at Pontrhydyfen. At an As- 
sociation held at Fishguard, 
February 14, 1770, just about 
the time Mr. Davies was leav- 
ing the curacy at Neath, it was 
proposed that he should be ap- 
pointed to superintend the so- 
cieties in Pembrokeshire in suc- 
cession to the Rev. Howell 
Davies, who had recently died. 
This proposal, however, was 
not carried forth, and he gave 
himself to itinerate, and was of 
great service to the churches. 
In itinerating he met with per- 
secution and considerable hard- 
ships. He died August i7th, 
1787, aged 60 years, and was 
buried at Neath. Rev. D. 
Jones, Llangan, preached his 
funeral sermon, and in offici- 
ating at the grave, his feelings 
quite overcame him, and he 
said, " Oh, beloved Davies ! oh, 
Davies, the servant of the 
Lord ! thou hast died ! thou hast 
fallen to the grave with thy 
crown upon thy head !" Rev. 
William Williams, Pantycelyn, 
composed an elegy to his mem- 
ory. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 42. 

RHYDFENDIGAID, Cardiganshire, 
is said to have been of a gentle 
disposition, and quaint, both as 
a man and as a preacher. He 
would sometimes shout with 

great vigour. The Rev. John 
Jones, Blaenanerch, would at 
times find no little innocent 
amusement in quoting portions 
of his sermons after his pecu- 
liar style. He and Isaac 
James, Penygarn, itinerated to- 
gether occasionally, and, 
neither being very popular, 
they would sometimes dispute 
with each other as to which 
should have the honour of be- 
ing the last preacher. Davies 
v/as a ready rhymist, and com- 
posed some lines in which he re- 
presented this rivalry in a 
humorous style. Neither the 
date nor the exact spot of his 
burial is known. Cofiant y 
Parch. /. Jones, Blaenanerch, 
page 77. 

preached in Montgomeryshire 
in the early history of Method- 
ism. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page 372. 

Merionethshire, was one of the 
early preachers of his county. 
He was a true man of God, and 
very helpful to the cause of 
Methodism, according- to his 
abilities, during the last de- 
cades of the eighteenth century. 
It was he who accompanied 
Mary Jones on her historical 
visit to the Rev. Thomas 
Charles in quest of a Bible, and 
told him her story. 

CLAI, LLANILAR, Cardiganshire, 
was one of the early preachers 
in this district. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 52. 


GWYRYFON, Cardiganshire, was 
a preacher of the Gospel for the 
space of forty-eight years ; 
from the year 1769 to 1817. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 31. 

GASEDIG, Carmarthenshire. His 
name is in the list of Carmar- 
thenshire preachers, in the 
" Drysorf a " for 1844, who had 
passed away. 

OWEN, Montgomeryshire, was 
one of the early exhorters. He 
was remarkable for his know- 
ledge of the Scriptures. On 
the Sabbath day, he and his 
wife rose early in the morning 
so as to commit portions of the 
Word of God to memory. He 
was so diligent and regular in 
this matter, it was considered 
by those who knew him well that 
he had learnt by heart al- 
most the whole of the sacred 
writings. He was a warm ad- 
vocate of good literature, and 
urged his friends to purchase 
and read good books. He is re- 
ferred to as the first who 
preached the Gospel at Foel, in 
the parish of Llanwrin. There 
were many present at the ser- 
vice, some having come to hear, 
and others to hinder, if possi- 
ble, the preacher. His text was, 
"Rend your heart and not 
your garments " (Joel ii. 13). 
Notwithstanding considerable 
opposition, he succeeded in go- 
ing through the service. He 

died in the year 1786. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. i. page 294. 

PENNAL, Cardiganshire, was the 
son of Mr. John Edwards, 
Esgair-hir, who was also a. 
preacher, and a better preacher 
than his son. He was a man 
of general knowledge, a strong- 
reasoner on almost any sub- 
ject, but he had not got his 
father's preaching gift. The 
old people used to say that one 
of his best sermons was on the 
words " Unless Thy law had 
been my delight I should then 
have perished in mine afflic- 
tion " (Ps. cxix. 92). He had 
evidently been at the time sore- 
ly afflicted. He was rather dis- 
pleased, like many of the 
preachers of his day, because 
he was not chosen for ordina- 
tion ; the churches at the time 
being slow in conferring upon 
preachers the honour of admin- 
istering the ordinance, unless 
they were eminent for their 
preaching abilities. He was so 
grieved that he did not preach 
at all during his last days. 
Methodistiaeth De Aberteifi, 
page 44. 

DDERFEL, Merionethshire, was- 
born at Llanercheryn. He re- 
moved first to Festiniog, and 
then to America. He was an 
.acceptable preacher, and tra- 
velled much through both North 
and South Wales. Methodist- 
iaeth Dwyrain Meirionydd, 
page 92. 



BALA, Merionethshire, was a 
native of Llanllugan, Mont- 
gomeryshire, where there was a 
Methodist Church earlier than 
in Merionethshire. He was 
brought into the service of 
the Gospel early in life. It is 
reported of him, when a youth 
in service at Pentyrch, near 
Llanfaircaereinion, that he 
owned a pony which was kept 
on some special conditions by 
his master. He was so touched 
with compassion at the physical 
weakness of old William 
Harry, of South Wales;, who 
was on a preaching itineranc}' 
on foot in the North, that he 
resolved to give him this pony. 
Early on the morrow he went 
to the hill to fetch it, but 
just as he got there a thick mist 
came down and covered the 
land, so that nothing could be 
seen. But strange to say, the 
pony came neighing towards 
him and took quietly to be 
caught, as if in haste to per- 
form the service its owner pur- 
posed for it. The old preacher 
was greatly cheered by the gift. 
Some time after this, Humphrey 
removed to Bala, where he car- 
ried on the occupation of a 
glazier and tinman. Here he 
began to preach, and though 
his knowledge was very limit- 
ed, he would sometimes preach 
with considerable power, and 
make use of some very quaint 
illustrations. Preaching on one 
occasion, he described some pro- 
fessors of religion as being like 

ganders. " The gander," he 
said, " may at times be seen in 
a field in the midst of sheep, 
and anon at the pigs' trough, 
and so some professors can live 
anywhere, with the godly and; 
ungodly alike." In 1764, he- 
accompanied Mr. John Evans to. 
an Association at Newcastle-, 
emlyn. He was very hospitable 
at his home, and this is sup- 
posed to have influenced some: 
kind people in Anglesea to pre- 
sent him with a pony when he 
was on an itinerancy in that- 
county in his old age. Thus the 
same kindness was shewn him. 
as he had in his early days 
shewn William Harry. He was-, 
of a very genial and gentle- 
spirit. The late Rev. Hugh 
Hughes, of Abergele, was his-, 
grandson his daughter's son. 
Hanes Methodistiaeth Dwyrain- 
Meirionydd, page 56. Y Tad-, 
au Methodistaidd, vol. ii.. 
page 25. Y Drysor-fa, vol. xvii.. 
page 287. 

Cardiganshire, was one of the- 
early exhorters. 

HIR, PENIAL, Cardiganshire, is: 
spoken of as a substantial 
preacher, and especially re-, 
markable for his gift in public 
prayer. He rendered great ser- 
vice to the cause of Christ at 
Penial for 43 years. Method- 
istiaeth De Abertei-fi, page 44. 

Cardiganshire. About the year 
1794, when this brother was; 


preaching at Cilgeran, Pem- 
brokeshire, so bountiful a bless- 
ing accompanied the. preaching 
that a remarkable revival of .re- 
ligion took place. All present 
either wept or prayed aloud, or 
were deeply impressed, and 
sang, and the preacher joined 
with them. Reference is also 
made to him in an Elegy on the 
Rev. John Williams, Lledrod, 
by Evan Rees. 

YN-NGHAERWYS, Flintshire, was 
born at Ereiniog, Carnarvon- 
shire, in the year 1755. He was 
converted under a sermon by 
Mr. John Pierce, Llanidioes. 
when he was about twenty years 
of age. He passed through a 
deeply anxious experience re- 
garding his soul, and was led 
to throw in his lot with the 
Methodists, notwithstanding the 
great disadvantages inseparable 
from such a course at the time. 
He had the poetic gift in some 
degree, and before his conver- 
sion he frequently exercised the 
gift in composing songs of a 
rather low type. Indeed, at the 
very time when the conviction 
of sin was brought home to 
him, he had in hand the com- 
position of an Interlude. He 
at once, however, broke off from 
the practice, and entered with 
zeal and energy upon a new 
course of life. About the year 
1787 his religious friends suc- 
ceeded in persuading him to ex- 
ercise his gifts as a preacher of 
the Gospel, and he did so with 
.great results for seven years in 

his native district. A clergy- 
man then became appointed 
Edwards's landlord's agent, 
and when this reverend gentle- 
man heard of his preaching 
with the Methodists, his right- 
eous soul was moved with in- 
dignation, and he resolved to 
put an end to what he was 
pleased to call "his scan- 
dalous practice." Edwards was 
given the alternative either to 
discontinue preaching or to 
leave the farm. With but little 
delay the notice to quit was 
given him, though his ancestors 
had lived on the farm from 
time immemorial. Taken quite 
aback, he at once called upon 
this reverend agent to ascertain 
the cause of the notice 
sent him, as he had never 
heard the slightest complaint 
of his method of farming, 
and he knew that he had 
not been backward in pay- 
ing the rent. To his surprise 
he learnt that his great sin was 
that he was in the habit of 
preaching with the Methodists, 
and that the only condition on 
which he would be permitted to 
retain the tenancy of his farm 
was to discontinue the preach- 
ing. Edwards did not hesitate 
as to the course he would take, 
harrowingly painful though it 
was to him. 

Failing to get a farm any- 
where near his old home, and 
the home of his ancestors, he 
removed, in 1795, to Gelly- 
gynan, near Llanarmon-yn-ial. 
He found here a large tract of 



country where but little provis- 
ion was made for the spiritual 
wants of the people. He at 
once resolved upon seeking to 
supply the need in the best way 
he could, and he rendered yeo- 
man service to Methodism in 
the southern part of Flintshire. 
As a preacher, he was plain 
and practical, and he raised his 
voice with vehemence against 
the public sins of the people. 
His great delight was to preach 
the Gospel in districts where 
it was seldom or never heard, 
and thus he broke new ground 
for evangelistic efforts. He was 
the first to preach at Bryn- 
engan, Lodge, Llwydiaeth, 
Chwarelau, and Brymbo. These 
districts he often visited. In 
1811, he removed to Plascoch, a 
large farm near Gellifor, in the 
lovely Vale of Clwyd, where he 
again found a great dearth of 
religious services. When he 
came to the district, not only 
had no Methodist church been 
formed anywhere near, but 
there was no Sunday School or 
preaching services held. He 
at once sought to remedy this 
state of things, and through his 
efforts, aided by the hearty co- 
operation of one Edward 
Simon, a cause was started, 
which proved highly successful. 
In 1817 he removed to Plas- 
yn-Nghaerwys, where he car- 
ried on the same active and 
persistent efforts to spread the 
truth as it is in Jesus, and to 
win the country for Christ. His 
remaining days, however, were 

few. He died in 1823, aged 
sixty-eight years. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii. pages 
204 208. 

DRYW, near Brynsiencyn, An 
glesea, was one of the preachers 
of the second period in his 
native county. Though not 
endowed with great freedom of 
speech, yet he was an instruc- 
tive preacher. Indicative of the 
views of the Sabbath held by 
the Methodists of the time, it 
may be recorded that he was 
suspended from preaching be- 
cause he started for Lon- 
don on a Sunday, so that he 
might reach the city in time to 
give evidence in a Court of 
Law. Methodistiaeth Mon, 
page 116. 

GARON, Cardiganshire, was the 
first who began to preach at 
Tregaron. He did so in 1794, 
about six months before the 
death of the old exhorter Shon 
Camer. He died in 1829. 
Methodistiaeth De Aberteifi, 
page 59. 

BALA, was one of the early 
preachers of Merionethshire, 
and was at times privileged 
with having very powerful 
services. WhSn preaching at 
Dolyddelen, on one occasion, a 
marvellous outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit came upon the con- 
gregation. The audience was 
intensely moved, and many 
joined the church. The date' 
of his death is not known. 


ERPOOL, a native of Llanelian, 
Denbighshire, was born in the 
year 1756. A blacksmith by 
trade, he spent the earlier 
years of his life, like the mass 
of the people of his district, 
utterly thoughtless and un- 
godly. When about twenty 
years of age, it came to his 
knowledge that a preaching ser- 
vice was to be held at a place 
not far from his home, so he 
resolved at once to go and hear 
what the preacher had to say. 
This event proved a turning- 
point in his career. The truth 
pierced his heart, and he was 
led to a concern about his soul. 
For a time he was perfectly 
wretched. Under a sermon by 
the Rev. John Roberts, Llan- 
llyfni, however, he found 
peace. The complete change in 
his life which came to pass ex- 
posed him to much ridicule, 
both from his old companions, 
who were grieved at losing so 
genial an associate, and also 
his wife. However, he re- 
mained steadfast in his new 
life, and never swerved for a 
moment. Ere long his wife 
was won to sympathize with 
him and his new ways. About 
the year 1786 he removed to 
Liverpool, where, two years 
later, he began to preach, and 
thus rendered much service 
to the recently-started Welsh 
Church. He also often 
preached in the English lan- 
guage, for the sake of the 
multitude around him who 

needed spiritual instruction, 
though he was not a re- 
fined English speaker. His 
fervour as a preacher, and the 
beauty of some of his thoughts, 
made him exceedingly popular 
with many of his hearers. For 
some years, almost every week, 
he held an English service in 
Bedford Street Chapel. He 
was the first of our preachers 
who visited the Marches to 
labour for Christ and the sal- 
vation of souls. He did so 
sometime before the North 
Wales Home Mission was 
started. He was the pioneer 
of the Lancashire Presby- 
tery. He often visited the 
neighbourhood of Warrington, 
Runcorn, and Chester, declar- 
ing the unsearchable riches of 
Christ. He died May 24th, 
1825, aged 69 years. The Rev. 
Dr. Raffles, who was very fond 
of him, and held him in high 
esteem, preached his funeral 
sermon in Bedford Street 
Chapel. The Treasury, voL 
xxi. page 4. 

FYNOG, Breconshire, was a man 
very much beloved in his own. 
church at Defynog and in his 
Monthly Meeting. He was a 
short thick-set man, always 
looking clean and neat. He 
was ordained at Cardigan As- 
sociation, August, 1830. He 
died Nov. 23rd, 1848, a'ged 74 
years, having been a preacher 
of the Gospel about 43 years. 
The Rev. Thomas Elias (Bardd. 


Coch) wrote the following 
englyn to his memory : 

" Brawdol a siriol mawr eirian ydoedd 

Ein Edward o anian ; 
O'r drygfyd aeth i'r drigfan 
Y nef a rodd Naf i'w ran." 

At a Monthly Meeting not 
long before his death, in giv- 
ing his experience, he said that 
he had not at any time in his 
life been ^5 in debt, nor had 
he been in possession of ^5, 
excepting his old mare. 
Within these financial limits he 
spent his life, far happier, 
doubtless, than many who could 
sign cheques for thousands or 
tens of thousands of pounds, 
Personal Knowledge; Y Dry- 
sor-fa, vol. xx. page go. 

CAERPHILLY, Glamorganshire, is 
well known as the builder of 
the one arch bridge over the 
Taff River at Pontypridd. He 
was born in a farmhouse called 
Bryn, in the parish of Eglwys 
Ilan, between Pontypridd and 
Caerphilly, in the year 1719. 
He was the youngest of four 
children, and lost his father 
when he was two years of age. 
He had very little education, 
hardly enough to enable 
him to read and write in 
Welsh. He early began to de- 
light himself in building, 
through restoring the stone 
walls of the farm on which he 
was brought up. He closely 
watched stonemasons at their 
work, and soon became cele- 

brated as a builder. The ruins 
of Caerphili Castle were of 
great interest to him ; he at- 
tentively studied their construc- 
tion and got to understand the 
principle of the arch. About 
the year 1749, he undertook to 
construct a bridge over the Taff 
at Pontypridd, and though he 
was in his first attempts foiled, 
he ultimately succeeded, and 
his work still stands as an evi- 
dence of his genius in bridge 
building. He was converted 
under the ministry of Howel 
Harris in his twentieth year, 
and became an active worker 
for Christ at once. Thomas 
Williams, Groeswen, and he 
were bosom friends, and when 
Williams was appointed super- 
intendent of the Methodist so- 
cieties in the eastern parts of 
Glamorganshire, he was ap- 
pointed one of his assistants. 
He signed the memorable letter 
from Groeswen to Cayo As- 
sociation, and, like Williams, 
he took to be ordained at Groes- 
wen, because of the unsatis- 
factory character of the reply 
from the Association. When 
Williams died, Edwards con- 
tinued in sole charge of the 
church, and he held the posi- 
tion until his death, which took 
place in 1789. Though a min- 
ister of Groeswen church, he 
considered himself a member of 
the Methodist body. He was 
buried in Eglwys Ilan church- 
yard. Y Tadau Meihodistaidd > 
vol. i. page 228. 


shire, was born at Pant-y-di- 
ffaith, in the parish of Ysceif- 
iog, Denbighshire, in the year 
1773. He had no early relig- 
ious education, indeed, his 
parents were hostile thereto. 
He grew up a thoughtless and 
wild youth. When about 
eighteen, he began to attend 
preaching services, and was 
won to throw in his lot with the 
followers of Christ. He be- 
came fond of the Bible, and 
applied himself to its study. 
In 1794, a considerable revival 
took place at Caerwys, and he 
participated largely in its 
spirit. The revival continued 
for two years. During this 
period, the desire arose in his 
heart to exercise his gifts as a 
preacher, and permission was 
given him to do so. After his 
marriage he removed to Bod- 
fari, and worked on Geinos 
farm. Having buried his first 
-wife, he married a young 
"woman living at Ty'nddol, 
Llanfairtalhaiarn. This led 
Tiim : to remove to his wife's 
'home. Here he spent the last 
26 years of his life, and ren- 
dered much service to the cause 
.at Ffynoniau. He died May 
6th, 1833, aged 60 years. 
Edward Jones, Maesyplwm, 
wrote an elegy to his memory. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 177. 

NEATH, Glamorganshire, was a 
co-worker with Howel Harris. 

shire, is said to have been a 
very godly man, and much re- 
spected in his district. Indi- 
cative of his pious habits, he 
usually carried in his pocket a 
Bible, which was a rare thing 
in his day; and at harvest 
time, he would now and again , 
call the reapers together on the 
field, when he _would read a 
portion of the Scriptures, en- 
gage in prayer, and give a 
short exhortation. He was fond 
of poetry, and composed a good 
deal himself, both secular and 
sacred. At his death, an Elegy 
was composed to his memory. 
RHYDYGELE, Pembrokeshire, one 
of the early preachers of Meth- 
odism in Pembrokeshire, was a 
carpenter by trade, and was 
one of Howel Harris' personal 
converts. He was full of fire 
and enthusiasm in the work of 
Christ, and could not tolerate 
the lukewarmness and indiffer- 
ence of many of the preachers 
of his day. As he was a man 
of considerable passion, his 
temper would at times lead 
him into trouble. A rather un- 
pleasant incident one day took 
place. In discussion with a 
fellow workman, he waxed 
warm and gave him a push, 
which unfortunately occasioned 
him to fall upon a stone or im- 
plement of some kind. The 
matter was brought before the 
church, and as it was said that 
tie had struck the man cfn his 



forehead with a hoe, it was re- 
solved to expel him from the 
church. He emphatically de- 
nied the charge. Before he left 
the meeting, he asked permis- 
sion to pray, and through his 
prayer, he so completely over- 
came the opposition of the 
brotherhood that he. was per- 
mitted to remain. The event, 
however, had a sanctifying 
effect upon him; and it is said 
that he never afterwards lost 
his self-control. His sermons 
were usually lacking as regards 
order. On one occasion, when 
taken to task by his brethren 
for this defect in his dis- 
courses, he defended himself 
through describing the differ- 
ence between him and them in 
the case of a house being on 
fire in the depth of night, and 
whilst its inmates are asleep. 
" Your style of preaching," he 
said, "is as follows. When 
travelling at night, you say, in 
the first place, I saw fire. In 
the second place, I saw smoke. 
In the third place, I under- 
stood that the house was on 
fire. In the fourth place, I 
knew that the inmates were 
asleep. In the fifth place, I 
am come to awaken you, and 
call you forth, lest you should 
be burned. That's your style. 
My style," he said, " is, when 
I have understood that the 
house is on fire, and that the 
people are asleep, to shout 
with all my might, without 
first or second ' Hu ' bwb ! 
Hu bwb! Heigh! Heigh! 

Awake ! Awake ! your house 
is on fire : come forth at 
once or you'll be burnt to 
ashes !' " Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii. page 299 ; Y Tadau 
Methodistaidd, vol. i. page 

SEA, was for many years the 
most popular pulpit orator in 
Wales. No Welsh preacher, 
however eminent his abilities, 
would be hurt at finding that 
John Elias was considered his 
superior by far. Indeed, as a 
pulpit orator, he stood alone, 
like Saul, towering "higher 
than any of the people from 
his shoulders and upwards." 
He will, doubtless, ever occupy 
among the preachers of Wales 
the pre-eminence which Dr. 
Owen holds among the divines 
of England, and Bossuet among 
the orators of France. His 
name was a charm which would 
draw the largest congrega- 
tions. On his preaching tours, 
multitudes would gather from 
a circle of many miles to his 
services. Were it known that 
he was to preach in a town, 
even on a fair day, as was once 
the case at Carmarthen, people 
would forsake the fair and all 
business, and attend his preach- 
ing services. He was the idol 
of his day in Wales ; people 
who heard him once never 
tired of speaking of his won- 
derful power and charm. 

He had no early educational 
advantages which can in any 
degree account for the ability 



he evinced in after years. .In 
fact, so far as is known, he 
had not even a day's schooling 
in his youth, nor had he more 
than a few months 3 training 
after he entered upon the work 
of the ministry. He must have 
been a born orator, and gradu- 
ally trained himself by his 
own observation and effort. He 
acknowledged his obligation, 
especially to the Rev. Evan 
Richardson, Carnarvon, and 
Mr. Charles, who cured him of 
some faults of manner. 

He was born May 6th, 1774, 
in a rural district of Carnar- 
vonshire, at a place called 
Brynllwynbach, in the parish 
of Abererch, not far from 
Pwllheli. His parents were of 
humble .circumstances, and had 
not much sympathy with re- 
ligion ; his father was a weav- 
er, and earned his living 
through plying the shuttle. 
He spent the greater part of 
his boyhood however under the 
care of his grandfather, who 
was a sensible and pious man, 
and took special pains in nur- 
turing in him a taste for read- 
ing, and training him in the 
ways of religion. He was thus 
taught to read whilst quite a 
child, which was considered a 
rare accomplishment in those 
days. Before he was seven 
years of age he had read the 
books of the Old Testament 
consecutively from Genesis to 
Jeremiah, which was a wonder- 
ful achievement for such a lad. 
His grandfather encouraged 

him to read the Bible, and to 
avoid bad language and all 
sinful practices. One Sabbath, 
at Pentreuchaf, a number of 
people were standing about, 
waiting the expected preacher, 
who was long in making his ap- 
pearance, so his grandfather 
came to John and said, "It is 
a pity that the people should 
be here standing idle, go to the 
pulpit and read a chapter from 
the Bible." This was the first 
time he entered the pulpit, 
though he had on previous 
occasions read to small knots 
of people on the roadside, 
whilst they were, as at this 
time, waiting for the preacher. 
This took place when he was 
from nine to twelve years of 
age. He lost his grandfather 
when he was still young ; 
which was for him an irre- 
parable loss, and it may ex- 
plain how he did not take up 
the yoke of Christ until a later 
period in life than might have 
been expected. From a sense 
of unworthiness and the lack 
possibly of any encouragement 
in the matter, he shrank from 
seeking membership in the 
church of Christ : and thus he 
entered upon young manhood 
without having joined the 
church. When sixteen years of 
age, he had a strong desire to 
visit Llangeitho to hear the re- 
nowned Daniel Rowland 
preach. Just then, he went one 
Sabbath morning to Pwllheli to 
hear a stranger who had been 
announced to preach. He got 



there too early for the service 
at which the stranger was to 
officiate, so he went to the In- 
dependent Chapel, where the 
minister, the Rev. Benjamin 
Jones, preached from the text, 
2 Samuel, iii. chap., 38th 
verse " Know ye not that 
there is a prince and a great 
man fallen this day in Israel?" 
From the sermon, thus acci- 
dentally heard, he learnt that 
the great preacher of Llan.- 
geitho, whom he had so desired 
to hear, had passed away. His 
disappointment and grief were 

In the year 1792, he joined a 
band of young people who were 
about to attend an Association 
at Bala. They were all reli- 
giously disposed, and the jour- 
ney was undertaken for the 
nurture of their religious life. 
The influence for good exer- 
cised upon him by this short 
pilgrimage was great, and led 
him to resolve upon conse- 
crating himself to God and His 
cause. He thought could he 
find employment, in his trade 
as a weaver, with a master who 
was a follower of Christ, that 
a way might be opened up for 
him to join the church. He 
heard of such a one Mr. 
Griffith Jones, Ynys-y-Pandy, 
near Tremadoc. After obtain- 
ing the reluctant consent of his 
parents to leave home, he en- 
tered the service of Mr. Jones, 
and not long after he joined 
the church. His love of Christ, 
which had been for some time 

smouldering in his bosom, now 
burst into a flame that con- 
sumed his whole soul and 
shone with great splendour in 
his character. The weight of 
trouble that had pressed heavi- 
ly upon him was removed, and 
he walked in the glorious free- 
dom of the sons of God. This 
took place about September 
1793, in the twentieth year of 
his age. A few months later, 
he began to preach, and at once 
became exceedingly popular. 
The demand for his services 
was great. The seriousness of 
his deportment, the earnestness 
of his ministry, the pathos of 
his voice, combined to make a 
deep impression upon the peo- 
ple. Sinners trembled when he 
spoke. The tokens of his being 
a servant of the Lord were evi- 
dent to all. 

But whilst he was thus popu- 
lar and highly appreciated, he 
was himself conscious of his 
lack of knowledge and training 
for the work he had under- 
taken. An opportunity offered 
itself to him just then to go to 
Manchester, where, he thought, 
he might enjoy some advan- 
tages for self -improvement. 
The small Welsh churches in 
that city offered to maintain 
him in return for his preach- 
ing services on the Sabbath. 
He was very anxious to accept 
the proposal. But a strong op- 
position was raised against the 
scheme, on the plea that it was 
simply pride led him to wish 
for the training he desired ; 


and the anti-educational feel- 
ing, which was widely pre- 
valent in Methodist circles at 
the time, succeeded in prevent- 
ing him from carrying out his 
desire. This was a. great grief 
to him. He succeeded, how- 
ever, afterwards, in going to 
the Rev. Evan Richardson's 
school at Carnarvon. Mr. 
Richardson recognised his abi- 
lities, and helped him much. 
But his stay there was only for 
a few months. He was called 
away to the harvest field just as 
he was beginning to learn how 
to sharpen his sickle. The de- 
mands for his services were 
loud and incessant, so that he 
had no peace. 

In i799> he was led to reside 
in Anglesea, through his mar- 
riage with Miss Broadhead, 
Tre'rgof, Llanbadrig, on Feb- 
ruary 22nd. Her father, who 
was a landed proprietor, was 
much opposed to the match, and 
refused to give her a dowry. 
In the emergency, she opened a 
small shop at Llanfechell ; and 
upon his marriage, Elias re- 
moved hither, and continued to 
reside there until his wife's 
death in 1828. It should be 
stated, that though his father- 
in-law was displeased with the 
marriage at first, he afterwards 
relented, and became reconciled 
to his daughter, and was proud 
of his son-in-law. She took 
upon herself the whole care of 
the business, and thus her hus- 
band was able to devote his 
whole time to study and the 

preaching of the Gospel. 
Through the business thus car- 
ried on, he was lifted up above 
being dependent upon the min- 
istry for his support. This 
was a great matter, for the most 
popular preachers were in those 
days very poorly remunerated. 
Half-a-crown was considered 
handsome payment for a ser- 
mon, and five shillings for a 
Sabbath's services. John Elias, 
during his earlier years, often 
received this pittance. The 
shop, however, made him inde- 
pendent of the remuneration he 
usually received for his min- 
isterial work : and he was able 
also to purchase books. Mrs. 
Elias was a true help-mate. 
She would not allow him to be 
disturbed during the time he 
set apart for study and prepara- 
tion for the pulpit : and he was 
able to make long preaching 
tours through the country. 

When he removed to Angle- 
sea, feasts, foot-ball contests,' 
cock-fighting, and such like 
things, were frequently held on 
the Lord's day. Darkness 
covered the land, and gross 
darkness the people. Mr. Elias 
gave himself with much ardour 
to sweep away these evil prac- 
tices, and to induce the people 
to follow after a better life. 
He went to their feasts, and 
preached against the prevail- 
ing corrupt habits with much 
vehemence, eloquence, and 
power. He was bold as a lion, 
and he fearlessly raised up 
his powerful voice against the 



low, degrading practices pre- 
valent. He laboured hard in 
this way, and he had the joy 
of seeing the works of darkness 
disappear before the light of 
the Gospel, and the cause of 
Christ win its way rapidly in 
the land. At times, he met 
with considerable opposition : 
indeed, on more than one 
occasion his life was in im- 
minent danger, but he escaped 
from the hands of his foes, and 
obtained the victory in many a 
hard fought contest. He did not 
confine his efforts to Anglesea. 
"At Rhuddlan, in Denbigh- 
shire," says the Rev. Wm. Wil- 
liams, in his History of Welsh 
Calvinistic Methodism, " there 
was an annual fair held on the 
Lord's Day in the season of 
harvest. It was chiefly for the 
sale of scythes, reaping hooks, 
rakes, etc., and for the hiring 
of labourers for harvest-work. 
Elias went to the place to make 
a determined attack on this 
wicked assemblage. He stood 
on the horse-block by the ' New 
Inn,' in the very thick of the 
fair, surrounded by the imple- 
ments of husbandry brought 
for sale, and he began the ser- 
vice amid the sound of harps 
and fiddles. He prayed with 
great earnestness and many 
tears, and took for his text the 
Fourth Commandment. The 
fear of God fell upon the 
crowd, harps and fiddles were 
silenced, and scythes, sickles, 
and rakes disappeared from 
the scene. The people stood 

to listen, and while they lis- 
tened they trembled as if Sinai 
itself with its thunder had sud- 
denly burst upon them. One 
man, who had purchased a 
sickle, let it fall to the ground, 
thinking in his heart that the 
arm -which held it had wither- 
ed, and was afraid to pick it 
up again lest the same thing 
should happen to the other. He 
lost his sickle, but on that day 
he found salvation. The Sab- 
bath fair was never afterwards 
held, and many were brought, 
through that marvellous ser- 
mon, to seek the Lord. This 
happened in the year 1802, 
when the preacher was only 
twenty-eight years of age, and 
there were many such customs 
and such assemblages which re- 
ceived their death-blow from 
John Elias." 

Elias thus was a great Re- 
former. But his greatest ex- 
cellence was as a preacher of the 
Gospel. In this respect no one 
was comparable to him, either 
on the stage or in a chapel. He 
stood unrivalled among his 
brethren as a master of the as- 
sembly. Dr. Owen Pughe re- 
marked that he " never saw an 
orator that could be compared 
to him ; every muscle was in 
action, and every movement 
that he made was graceful, and 

highly oratorical I 

never heard Elias without re- 
garding him as a messenger 
sent from God. I thought of 
the Apostle Paul when I lis- 
tened to him, and as an orator 


I considered him fully equal 
to Demosthenes." His printed 
sermons would not now he con- 
sidered profound or remark- 
able in any way : their power 
evidently lay not so much in 
the matter as in the manner of 
delivery : this was their crown 
and glory. The living voice 
and dramatic action gave 
power to the words spoken. 
This, of course, has to be borne 
in mind, that much which is 
familiar and commonplace to- 
day was not so in Elias' time. 
The Rev. D. Charles, Car- 
marthen, says: "In all my 
journeys through Wales I have 
never heard of any other 
preacher whose ministry has 
heen so widely blessed to the 
conversion of sinners as that of 
John Elias. Almost in every 
neighbourhood, village and 
town, some persons may be met 
with who ascribe their conver- 
sion to impressions received 
under one of his sermons." 

He was among the first batch 
of preachers ordained at Bala 
in the year i8ir. And if being 
used of God for the salvation 
of souls, and casting out devils 
from the hearts and habits of 
men, be any proof of a true ser- 
vant of God, verily John Elias 
must be acknowledged to have 
"been such, though no bishop's 
hand ever touched his head. 
For, almost from the very start 
of his ministerial life, he was 
owned of God in a very mar- 
vellous degree. Indeed, even 
on his first visit to South 

Wales, which took place two 
years after he commenced to 
preach, he roused the whole 
country : it was felt every- 
where that a great prophet had 
arisen who would exercise a 
mighty influence against the 
Kingdom of darkness and for 
God. For many years after- 
wards he visited South Wales 
every alternate year, and in 
rotation therewith he visited 
London, and seldom missed an 
Association in his own Pro- 
vince. After the death of the 
Rev. Thomas Charles, in 18145 
he became the leader of the As- 
sociation in North Wales. He 
was supreme in his influence 
by weight of character, ability, 
and fidelity. There were pro- 
founder thinkers, such as the 
Rev. David Charles, Car- 
marthen ; and safer divines 
such as Rev. Thomas Jones., 
Denbigh; the Rev. Michael 
Roberts, also would occasion- 
ally have a more marvellous 
service, such as at Llanidloes 
in 1819. But take him all in 
all, he hardly had a compeer. 
He was a king among the min- 
isters a king inclined at times 
to be masterful and imperious, 
and had to be resisted, as in 
the case of his views on the 
Atonement, and his strong 
action in regard to those who 
petitioned Parliament in favour 
of the Roman Catholics' Eman- 
cipation Bill. When heard on 
the stage preaching at the As- 
sociation, all would be for- 
gotten and forgiven, and his 



opponents as well as support- 
ers would say, " Oh, king, live 
for ever !" 

His wife died in April, 1828, 
after which sad event he at 
once retired from all connec- 
tion with business, and devoted 
himself entirely to the work of 
the ministry. In February, 
1830, he married again ; his 
second wife being a lady of 
Tank the widow of Sir John 
Bulkeley, Bart., Presaddfed, 
Anglesea ; and he removed to 
the Fron, near Llangefni, 
where he resided until his 
death. Through this change, 
the church at Llanfechell 
suffered a severe loss, for he 
was ever faithful at the church 
meetings at his home. These 
meetings, as conducted by him, 
-were oftentimes extraordinary 
in spiritual power. 

Two years after his second 
marriage, whilst proceeding, 
on the great day of the Associa- 
tion, to the services at Bala, he 
met with an accident of a ser- 
ious character. He was being 
driven in a gig to Bala, and 
the horse took fright : at this 
Mr. Elias leaped out, and re- 
ceived such injuries that his 
"life was in danger. After some 
time, however, he rallied, 
though it is doubtful whether 
"he ever afterwards regained 
"his former energy, strength, 
and elasticity ; but his pulpit 
influence remained unabated 
until his death, which took 
place June gth, 1841, in the 
sixty-seventh year of his age. He 

was buried in Llanfaes church- 
yard, near Beaumaris, amid 
signs of unparalleled mourn- 
ing in the island. A handsome 
monument has been erected 
over his grave, and a fine 
memorial chapel has been er- 
ected at Llangefni, at a cost of 

In his death, verily a great 
man and a prince had fallen, 
Wales, throughout its length 
and breadth,' felt the shock of 
the event : for though he was 
eminently a man of his own 
denomination, ever working for 
its prosperity and seeking the 
development of its institu- 
tions, educational and mission- 
ary, he was also a man of the 
Principality, reflecting honour 
upon the land of his birth, the 
people from among whom he 
had sprung and among whom 
he had laboured. There car- 
be little doubt that he helped 
materially in imparting to the 
Association of North Wales 
much of that dignity which 
still belongs to it, and which 
secures for its decisions the 
greatest respect from the 
churches ; and he knit in loyal 
devotion to the denomination 
many families which, as the)' 
rose in social status through 
their increasing wealth and cul- 
ture, would, were it not for his 
influence, probably have wan- 
dered to other folds, or to the 
wilds of the world. He is 
therefore esteemed highly for 
his work's sake, as well as for 
the fact of his having been the 



brightest ornament of the 
Welsh pulpit. Methodistiaetli 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 596 ; A 
Memoir of Rev. John Elias, by 
the Rev. E. Morgan; Cofiant 
y Parch. J. Jones, Talsarn, 
vol. ii. page 844; Y Gwyddon- 
iadur Cymreig, vol. iv. page 
300; Y Tadau Methodistaidd, 
vol. ii. page 410 ; Adgofion am 
John Elias, gan R. Parry; Y 
Traetliodydd, vol. i. pages 

305* 437- 

Montgomeryshire, was a shoe- 
maker by trade, and preached 
to the people of his neighbour- 
hood as often as possible, but 
he died young. He was one of 
the early preachers, even before 
the formation of a church at 
Machynlleth, which took place 
in the year 1770. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 381. 

was born in the parish of Ys- 
bytty, Merionethshire, in the 
year 1758, and was brought up 
at Capel Garmon. His parents 
were poor, and moreover were 
altogether lacking in sympathy 
with Divine things. He was in 
school for a brief period when 
about twelve years of age, and 
was then brought up to the 
trade of a cooper. Whilst at 
Llanrwst, completing his ap- 
prenticeship, he was impressed 
by a sermon which he hap- 
pened to hear one Robert Evans 
preach : but its effect was not 
lasting. ' He then resided for a 
time at Festiniog, where he 
again experienced some relig- 

ious impressions under a ser- 
mon he heard, but his father 
was angry with him for any 
sympathy he cherished with the: 
ways of religion. He therefore 
left home, and was led to set- 
tle down at Llanbrynmair, 
where in a month's time he- 
joined the church, and found 
the ministry of Richard Tibbot 
rich in blessing to his soul. 
Whilst here he married, and he 
remained at Llanbrynmair 
seven years. He then returned 
to Llanrwst, and after a short 
stay removed again to Festin- 
iog, his religious sympathies- 
continually growing in inten- 
sity. The friends here encour- 
aged him to offer himself to 
Mr. Charles for employment as 
a teacher in his Welsh Cir- 
culating Schools. His applica- 
tion was accepted, and he- 
proved himself worthy of hisr 
position, leaving behind him in 
every district a sweet aroma.. 
He had not been long a teach- 
er ere he was urged to exercise 
his gift as an Exhorter. The- 
need of Exhorters in this dis- 
trict was very great at the- 
time, as in the year 1785 
there was not a single man of 
the class from Rhoslan in Car- 
narvonshire to Machynlleth in- 
Montgomeryshire. He moved 
about as a Teacher and Ex- 
horter for ten }'ears. Durine 
this time his gifts developed, 
his knowledge increased, and" 
his services became more valvt- 
able, until at last he was urged' 
to relinquish his position as a: 



Teacher and consecrate himself 
entirely to the ministry of the 
Word. He was obedient to the 
call, and itinerated through 
North and South Wales, at some 
places, such as Oswestry, meet- 
ing with much opposition from 
the mob. He settled at Bar- 
mouth, and continued as a 
preacher for 25 years. He left 
a deep impression upon the 
country, and is still spoken of 
in Merionethshire with great 
respect. He died, after having 
served the cause of Christ well, 
August, 1810, aged 52 years. 
Methodistiaeth, Cymru, vol. i. 
page 571 ; Methodistiaeth Gor- 
llewin Meirionydd, vol. ii. 
page 297. 

was one of Howel Harris' first 
converts in Carnarvonshire, and 
was among the first preachers in 
that county. In some respects, 
he excelled, it is said, all his 
contemporaries. Both North 
and South Wales thirsted for 
his ministry, which was often 
accompanied with much power. 
Robert Jones, in his " Drych yr 
Amseroedd," says that it can be 
said of him that none of his 
contemporaries in North Wales 
had been blessed with such a 
fulness of bright gifts as he. 
Most marvellous effects would 
sometimes follow his preach- 
ing. At an Association at Bala, 
on one occasion, he preached 
from the words, "Awake, 
O sword, against my Shep- 
herd," &c., Zech. xiii. 7, and 
an unusual influence descended 

upon the people; as if a cloud 
had burst ; and that he himself, 
under the force of the inspira- 
tion, fainted. His ministry 
would be occasionally accom- 
panied with a force as if some 
great reservoir had broken, 
and swept everything before it. 
But, alas ! he was felled by 
strong drink, and was suspend- 
ed from preaching. In after 
years he was restored, but he 
never preached with the same 
power. Like Samson, he was 
shorn of his strength. Drych 
yr Amseroedd; Y Dry s or fa, 
vol. Ixxi. pages 394. 

GLAS, LLANBERIS, was one of 
the early preachers of Carnar- 
vonshire. Very little, beyond 
his name, is known of him, and 
also that he was in the habit of 
exhorting his neighbours to at- 
tend to the things pertaining 
to their peace. He was one of 
four preachers in Carnarvon- 
shire who had died before 
Robert Jones, Rhoslan, had the 
opportunity of knowing them. 
He must therefore have passed 
away before the year 1760. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 146. 

spent the greater part of his 
ministerial life at Mold. He 
had been for some time a 
student in Lady Huntingdon's 
College at Trevecca, and also, 
afterwards, a minister in her 
Ladyship's Connexion. He did 
not hold this position long, but 
joined the Methodists, and 



proved himself a faithful and 
vigorous worker. He itinerated 
a good deal both in North and 
South Wales, and was well 
known in the churches. His 
preaching gifts were not 
bright, as his delivery was 
rather monotonous ; he seldom 
succeeded in touching the feel- 
ings of his hearers. He was 
fond of expounding the Scrip- 
tures, and generally expounded 
the chapter he read at the be- 
ginning of the service, and pos- 
sibly also the hymn. At the 
same time he gave prominence 
to the central doctrines of the 
Gospel in his preaching, ever 
seeking to feed the Church with 
suitable food, and to lead his 
hearers to Christ. He had a 
kind of second ordination at 
Bala in the year 1814. His chief 
characteristics were his honesty 
and faithfulness. He died 
Jan. igth, 1820. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii. page 283. 
Carnarvonshire, was one of the 
early preachers of Methodism 
in the neighbourhood of Llith- 
faen, a district between Llan- 
aelhaiarn and Nefyn. He was 
remarkable for his faithful- 
ness and self-denial. He was 
fully conscious of his unfitness 
for so high a task as that of 
preaching the Gospel. When 
asked to officiate anywhere at a 
distance, he would usually 
quite sincerely reply, " I am 
not fit to go so great a distance 
from home," but he would add, 
" if you cannot get any one 

else, I will come; but do your 
best to secure the services of 
another." He laboured under 
considerable disadvantages. He 
had a farm to attend to ; and 
his wife was so close and nig- 
gardly that she would not 
allow him to have a candle in 
the evening to read his Bible 
or any other of the few books 
he possessed. 

Carmarthenshire, may have 
been the same man as Mr. 
David Evans, Cayo, referred to 
in the list of Carmarthenshire 
preachers in the " Drysorfa," 
1844, as there is a Conwil Cayo 
and a Conwil Elvet in that 
county, the former usually 
spoken of as Cayo, and the lat- 
ter as Conwil ; or he may have 
been the same person as Mr. 
David Evan, Llanwino, as 
Cwmbach, where he was 
brought up, is not far from 
Conwil Elvet. 

WINO, Carmarthenshire, was 
born in the year 1750, at a 
small farmhouse, Pen'rallt- 
fach, Trelech. He spent some 
years with his uncle, Mr. John 
Davies, Penhenrhyw, Llan- 
wino, one of the three mighty 
men of Methodism in the dis- 
trict of Cwmbach. In 1775, his 
uncle, being taken suddenly so 
poorly, whilst conducting 
family worship, that he could 
not say a word, David proceed- 
ed with the prayer, rather than 
allow the service to come to an 
abrupt end. Though often 


urged by the brethren to be- 
come a preacher, he resisted 
their appeals for some time. 
But one night, at a prayer 
meeting, the Holy Spirit came 
down upon those present in so 
overpowering a degree, that he 
broke out in praise with such 
enthusiasm that a great revival 
took place, known afterwards 
as the great revival of Dafydd 
Evan. He then yielded to the de- 
sire of the church, and became a. 
preacher, and was ever charac- 
terised by much fire and faith- 
fulness in that office to the end 
of his life. He was pre-emin- 
ently qualified to administer 
discipline : he feared no one, 
and yet he was gentle and 
kind. Among others in his 
church was a highly respected 
gentleman, who had been a 
captain in the army, and who, 
when walking into chapel, usu- 
ally did so with an air of con- 
siderable importance. One Sab- 
bath morning, he walked to his 
seat in a very irreverent man- 
ner. David Evan observed him, 
and, at the close of the service, 
called him -aside, saying, "I 
want a word with you. Please, 
do not think when you are en- 
tering the house of God that 
you are leading an army to the 
field of battle. Such conduct 
as yours this morning was an 
insult^ to the God whom 
.we serve." By this time the 
captain was in tears, and earn- 
estly asked to be forgiven. 
The preacher's manner in ad- 
ministering the reproof quite 

overcame the captain's heart. 
That which characterised 
Evan's preaching was the 
unction which accompanied his. 
words, and the effects which 
followed. He was enabled by- 
a kind Providence to be of 
much service to Methodism. 
He was in comfortable circum- 
stances as regards this world's, 
goods, and .he was willing to 
spend and be spent in the ser- 
vice of the Master. It is diffi- 
cult for us in this age to real- 
ize the circumstances under 
which the fathers laboured. 
David Evan and a friend 
often travelled 12 miles to at- 
tend a church meeting, and 
then returned home late at 
night, remarking at parting, 
"Well, we have returned home 
this time again, the last will 
come." He took a leading part 
in the discussion regarding the 
ordination of lay preachers, 
but he died ere the decision, 
was finally made. His death 
took place April i5th, 1808, 
aged fifty-eight years. Y Dry- 
sorfa, vol. xxi. page 73. 

LLUGAN, Montgomeryshire, was- 
one of the founders of Method- 
ism, especially in North Wales. 
He was born at Llanllugan in 
the year 1719, and spent his 
early years in the occupation of 
a weaver with his grandfather 
at Crygnant. In 1739, he hap- 
pened to hear Howel Harris 
preach at Trefeglwys, and was 
deeply impressed by the truth. 
He applied himself henceforth' 

6 4 


with great diligence to the 
reading of the Scriptures. 
This was his chief delight, 
and thus he became well-versed 
in the Word of God. He soon 
began to urgently press upon 
others to read the holy Word, 
and went from house to house 
to read and to exhort. He 
suffered much persecution in 
his work, and was often cruelly 
treated. At a meeting held at 
Glanyrafon, Carmarthenshire, 
March ist, 1743, he was recog- 
nised as an exhorter, and was 
appointed to assist Morgan 
Hughes, overseer of the So- 
cieties at Llanfair, Llanllugan, 
and Llanwyddelan. This ap- 
pointment was confirmed at the 
second Association held at Wat- 
ford, April, 1743. At a Month- 
ly Meeting held at Trefecca, it 
-was resolved "that the brother 
Lewis Evan go as far as he can 
into Merionethshire and the 
North, according to the call 
that might be for him." He 
travelled almost continually 
for years throughout North and 
South Wales, facing many 
difficulties, braving many 
perils, and enduring much per- 
secution. On one occasion he 
was imprisoned at Dolgelley, 
and detained for six months 
for no other crime than preach- 
ing the Gospel. During fifty 
years of incessant labour he had 
many narrow escapes from the 
hands of his foes. He was 
short of stature and lively in 
Tiis movements. He spoke 
rapidly, and was quick in re- 

partee. Though an ordinary 
preacher, he rendered great ser- 
vice to the cause of God and 
Methodism. He everywhere 
sought to teach the people, 
whether in the house or on the 
field, on the wayside or in 
a chapel, and it is thought that 
a greater number were blessed 
through him than almost any 
of his colleagues. 

He died in the year 1792, 
aged 72 years, after having 
served the Master with much 
zeal and success for fifty 
years. Some years ago, a 
handsome marble monument 
was erected to his memory in 
front of Adfa Chapel, Llan- 
wyddelan, bearing the follow- 
ing inscription : "In memory 
of Lewis Evan, Llanllugan, 
the first preacher in connection 
with the Calvinistic Methodists 
in North Wales. Born in 1719 
A.D. Died in 1792. ' He had 
trials of cruel mockings and 
scourgings, yea, moreover, of 
bonds and imprisonments,' 
Hebrews xi. 36.-" Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. i. page 118; 
Montgomeryshire Worthies, 
page 62. 

CWM, Carmarthenshire, was a 
contemporary of the well- 
known and eminent preacher 
John Evans, of the same place. 
His preaching excursions were 
not so frequent or so far afield 
as those of his contemporary, 
but, like him, he was eminently 
successful in turning many from 
the error of their ways, and in 


leading them to embrace the 
Lord Jesus as their Saviour. 
His name is sometimes given as 
Risiart I fan. 

THEN. Nothing is recorded of 
this brother beyond that he was 
a preacher and a poet. On 
one occasion he was. travelling 
in company with a clergyman 
who was not eminent for his 
godliness. When passing a 
wheat field, the clergyman 
challenged him to compose a 
verse of poetry regarding him, 
taking the wheat field as the 
basis of the composition. After 
being repeatedly challenged 
ironically to do so, he made 
the following lines : 

" Mae yma wenith gweddol, 
Yn tynu'n tulaen yn raddol, 
Ond y degfed ran a a i maes 
I gynal gwas y diafol." 

Cardiganshire, is spoken of as 
one of the early preachers who 
officiated at Casmael, Pem- 

WIL, Carmarthenshire, was 
born at Velindre, in the parish 
of Pemboyr, Carmarthenshire, 
Sept. 2, 1755. His parents died 
when he was young, so he spent 
the early years of his life with 
an uncle, following the trade 
of a weaver. When 18 years of 
age he joined the Methodists, 
who were assembling at a pri- 
vate house called Wern-yr- 
hafod the cause at Conwi] 
had not then been commenced. 

Some time afterwards he went 
to the Academy at Carmarthen, 
with the view of becoming a 
clergyman : but when he applied 
for ordination in the year 1780, 
it was discovered that the title 
was not good, and, moreover, 
the bishop observed that in 
reading he had the tone of the 
Methodists, which was a fatal 
offence : so he was rejected. 
This did not , deter him from 
carrying forth his resolve of 
entering upon the work of the 
ministry. He was too desirous 
of being helpful to the Gospel 
of the Kingdom of Heaven 
to be silenced in this way. So, 
after his marriage with Mar- 
garet, the daughter of David 
and Susannah Williams, Pen- 
rhingmiail, in the parish of 
Conwil, he, in 1782, began to 
preach with the Methodists. 
For some years he conducted a 
Free School at Conwil. In con- 
sequence of the failure of his 
health, he left the school and 
removed to Waunlwyd, a farm 
near the village of Conwil. He 
was of a remarkably quiet dis- 
position, and spent a consistent 
Christian life. The Rev. David 
Charles, Carmarthen, was wont 
to say of him that "he had as 
much grace as seven of us." As 
a preacher, he was faithful and 
earnest : his sermons were sim- 
ple, scriptural, and short. He 
would at times be favoured 
with very powerful services. 
When asked one time by a 
friend, "Why was he so 
short?" he replied, "What 



would you wish me to do to 
continue until my sermon, like 
the handle of a whip, would 
become smaller and smaller to 
the end?" His popularity is 
manifest in the fact that he was 
one of the first batch of minis- 
ters ordained at Llandilo, Car- 
marthenshire, in the year 1811. 
He was for some years secre- 
tary of his Monthly Meeting. 
He died, April 20, 1837, aged 
82 years, and was laid to rest 
in the burial-ground at the back 
of the Conwil chapel. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 


SARN, Cardiganshire, was the 
eldest brother of the well- 
known gentlemen, Stephen and 
Evan Evans, Neuadd, but he 
died young, about the year 
1850. Methodistiaeth De Aber- 
tei-fi, page 230. 

AERON, Cardiganshire, was born 
at Pengareg-isaf, near Aber- 
aeron, in the year 1768. He 
was the son of Benjamin and 
Catherine Evans. He was for 
some time a scholar in Ystrad- 
meurig School, purposing to 
take Holy Orders, but this in- 
tention was frustrated. He 
subsequently conducted a 
school for some years at Dol- 
halog, near his home. When 
about 40 years of age, he 
joined the Methodist church at 
Ffosyffin the mother church of 
the Methodist church at Aber- 
aeron, which was not started 
until the vear 1818. He soon 

began to preach. His son, Mr. 
Benjamin Evans, Aberaeron, 
was wont to say " that his 
father was the most like the 
Apostle Paul he ever knew : he 
began to follow Christ, and be- 
gan to preach, and preached at 
the Monthly Meeting of his 
county, all within the space of 
three months." From the start 
of his public life, he gave 
much satisfaction to the 
churches. He was ordained at 
Llangeitho, August, 1815. In 
addition to being endowed with 
a strong mind, and favoured 
with early educational advan- 
tages, he continued through 
life a constant reader ; and thus 
he became one of the chief or- 
naments of the pulpit in his 
Monthly Meeting. He chiefly 
exercised his ministerial gifts 
in Cardiganshire, though occa- 
sionally he went farther afield, 
even to the counties of North 
Wales. He died in August, 
1825, and was buried at Hen- 
fynyw ; a few days after the 
Rev. Ebenezer Morris, Twr- 
gwyn, had passed away. The- 
death of two such men, so near 
each other, was a severe blow 
to the churches of Methodism 
in Cardiganshire. The Rev. 
Ebenezer Richards, writing of 
the sad event to the North 
Wales Association at Pwllheli, 
spoke of the two as " our two 
wings by means of which we 
flied ; our two staffs upon which- 
we leaned ; our two breasts 
which we sucked ; our two eyes 
wherewith we saw; our two- 


6 7 

arms by which we worked." 
Enwogion Ceredigion, page 67* 

ETHSHIRE, is referred to as a 
preacher in 1824. 

DRINDOD, Cardiganshire, was a 
native of the district, and was 
born in the year 1774. His 
father, who was a shoemaker, 
and highly esteemed by the 
Llysnewydd family, died when 
Daniel was young. He was 
then brought up at Llysnew- 
ydd, and Mr. Lewis had him 
trained for the same occupation 
as his father. He married 
Margaret, the daughter of Mr. 
Griffith Evans, Y Ddol. In 
1797, he began to preach, and 
was considered one of the best 
preachers of his day. Accord- 
ing to the custom of the period, 
he itinerated a good deal, not 
only within the bounds of his 
own Monthly Meeting, but also 
throughout North and South 
Wales. He was ordained to 
the full work of the ministry 
at Llangeitho, August zoth, 
1826. When on an itinerancy 
in North Wales, in the Autumn 
of 1839, h e was taken ill, and 
never fully recovered his 
health; yet he lived for many 
years, and was able to continue 
his labours in the ministry 
even to the last Sabbath of his 
life. He was a devout and 
earnest Christian, and render- 
ed much service to the cause of 
Methodism. For some years 
the Association at Bangor was 
not considered satisfactory, if 

he was not present. When he 
came to die, he was sure that it 
was all right with his soul, 
and when in the stream of 
Jordan, he was in the spirit of 
praising the Lord. He died 
June i7th, 1845, an d was buried 
in Llangunllo churchyard. 
The Rev. Evan Phillips, New- 
castle-Emlyn, is his grandson. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 75 ; Enwogion Ceredigion, 
page 66. 

Pembrokeshire, occupied the 
position of a sexton in the par- 
ish church, and was at the same 
time a powerful preacher with 
the Methodists. At a Monthly 
Meeting held at Trevine, it was 
arranged that he should preach 
at the same service as the Rev. 
Nathaniel Rowlands. After the 
service, a gentleman who was 
present, remarked in the hear- 
ing of Mr. Rowlands " I have 
a proposal to make, that the 
clergyman be appointed sexton, 
and the sexton clergyman." 
The Rev. Nathaniel Rowlands 
was considered a very able 
preacher : so Mr. Evans must 
have preached with much power 
ere such a remark would have 
been made. He died towards 
the end of the eighteenth 

CLAI, LLANFYNYDD, Carmarthen- 
shire, was one of the early 
preachers of Calvinistic Meth^ 
odism'. His home was of the 
humblest description, construct- 
ed chiefly of turf : hence its 



name, Tyclai. fie was a most 
quaint man, though often an 
effective preacher. On his 
itinerancies he usually rode a 
small pony. His manner of 
riding could not fail to awaken 
much laughter. His arms and 
legs were in almost perpetual 
motion, like a machine. He 
raised his arms high with the 
regularity of a pendulum, and 
his legs were moving with 
equal regularity, giving the 
pony serious kicks with his 
heels almost unceasingly. On 
horseback he usually prepared 
his sermons, and the more live- 
ly his imagination would be, 
the more lively would be the 
movements of his legs and 
arms, and the more lively 
would the pony travel. He was 
peculiarly rustic in his dress 
and appearance. On his tra- 
vels, he usually wore a great 
red handkerchief around his 
neck, which generally covered 
Ms ears ; and as his hat met the 
liandkerchief, little of his head 
was to be seen except his nose 
and eyes. Nevertheless he was 
highly respected on account of 
Tiis Christian character and his 
quaintness as a preacher. On 
-one occasion he was expected to 
preach at a respectable farm- 
"house in Glamorganshire. It 
-was a beautiful summer even- 
ing toward the close of the 
grain harvest. The good man 
of the house went forth to wait 
and watch for his coming. By- 
and-bye, behold he comes, in 
his own peculiar style. And 

though he looked so strange, he 
was received with every mark 
of respect, because of the great 
worth set upon the absence of 
pride in his apparel. At the 
appointed hour of service a 
great number of people came 
together. There was no pulpit 
in the room, nor was there any 
need of one, for Evan seldom 
remained stationary during the 
service. His practice was to 
walk to and fro among his 
audience, in a kind of peri- 
patetic fashion, speaking cease- 
lessly and freely from the be- 
ginning to the close of his dis- 
course. He never began and 
finished his sermon in the same 
spot. No one could tell when 
he began what course he would 
take, or where and when he 
would finish, until he stood 
and gave out the closing hymn. 
On this occasion he began the 
sermon with his face towards a 
small open door, through which 
a large flock of geese could be 
seen lying down quietly. Be- 
tween him and the geese a num- 
ber of people were standing. 
Before he spoke a word, he 
stood silently and seriously for 
some time, looking towards the 
wall. It seems that there were 
pictures on the wall of several 
kinds of birds. Evans' eyes 
were fixed on these, and the 
people were wondering at his 
long silence. Quite suddenly 
he raised up his hands, and 
cried at the height of his voice 
" Shoo Shoo Shoo," with 
the result that nothing could be 


6 9 

heard but the cackling of the 
geese roused by his shouting. 
A stalwart man among the 
audience rose and cried out 
" Shut the door, people, that 
the geese might not disturb the 
service." After a little time 
quiet was obtained, the geese 
were taken away, and the 
preacher went on with the ser- 
vice. It was soon found that 
it was upon the birds in the 
picture on the wall he had 
shouted " Shoo," and not upon 
the. geese in the farmyard. 
And though he shouted at the 
height of his voice, not a single 
bird in the picture of course 
moved. He then shouted 
again, "People! people! seek 
religion with life in it seek 
religion with life in it !" He 
then began his peripatetic 
course through the midst of the 
congregation, and had a most 
impressive service, urging 
upon each one of his hearers 
sometimes placing his fist in 
his hearer's face to seek re- 
ligion with life in it. Mr. 
Lloyd, Henllan, once heard 
him preach on Repentance. In 
reply to the question "What 
is Repentance?" he said : 
First, Aqua Fortis, which 
breaks into two what is one. 
Secondly, jallo-p -powder, 
which cleanses away the depth 
of the hurt. Thirdly, tincture 
of myrrh, which heals the hurt 
effectually, and not simply 
covers dead flesh with skin. 
From what is here said it will 
"be seen that Dafydd Evan 

Evans was a quaint and re- 
markable man, who, in his own 
way, did yeoman service in the 
Master's vineyard. Under a 
sermon by him, the equally 
quaint Shencyn Penhydd was 
converted. Hanes Bywyd 
Siencyn Penhydd, page 1-3. 

DOVERY, Carmarthenshire, was 
a native of Llandovery. Here 
he began to preach, but his 
career was short. He preached 
his first sermon at the same ser- 
vice as Thomas Phillips after- 
wards Dr. Thomas Phillips, 
Hereford. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 355. 

ABON, Denbighshire, was one of 
the early preachers. 

was born November 24th, 1779. 
He was a peculiar man in many 
respects, and for many years 
was looked upon as one of the 
characters of the town of Bala. 
He was simple yet ingenuous. 
He was unlike everyone else. 
He was remarkable as a reader. 
People always hastened to 
chapel in time when it was 
known that Enoch was to read 
at the beginning of the service. 
It was a feast of rich things 
to hear him do so. At a service 
at Mold, on one occasion, he 
began the meeting through- 
reading the first chapter of the 
Book of Esther. He became 
himself so interested in the con- 
tents of the chapter, that he 
proceeded to the second, and 
on to the third and fourth ; nor 

7 o 


did he stay until he had read 
the whole bqpk. After praying 
and singing, the time had so 
gone, that the meeting had to 
be brought to a close. Those 
who were present, however, 
considered that they had been 
well repaid through attending 
the service. He was the grand- 
son of the well-known John 
Evans, Bala. He began to 
preach whilst staying at 
Shrewsbury in the year 1801, 
but he soon returned to Bala. 
He died May isth, 1847, aged 
68 years. Enwogion Swydd 
Feirion, page 60. 

LLANWRTYD, Breconshire, must 
have been highly esteemed in 
his own county, as. he was 
chosen to be ordained among 
the first batch of preachers in 
South Wales, though, possibly, 
he was not widely known, as 
he confined his labours very 
much to his own district. 
Llanwrtyd, situated as it is 
among the hills, was in his day 
difficult of access for ministers 
from other localities ; and it 
was similarly difficult for any 
who dwelt there to itinerate to 
other districts. So Mr. Evans 
kept himself very much at 
home. In that district his in- 
fluence was very great : his 
word was law. He was born 
in the year 1758. His parents 
were Baptists, and thus the rite 
of baptism was not adminis- 
tered to him when a child. 
When he was seventeen years 
of age he joined the Method- 

ists, and was publicly baptized 
at Llangeitho by Daniel Row- 
land. Three years later, in 
1778, he began to preach. Dur- 
ing the whole period interven- 
ing between this and his death, 
August 23rd, 1828, he minis- 
tered almost exclusively in his 
own county, and, indeed, as 
already intimated, in his OWE 
district. He never made but 
one visit to North Wales. He 
is said to have been a wise and 
cautious man, to whom many 
went for counsel in times of 
perplexity. Rev. Evan Harris. 
Merthyr, was his sister's son. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. 
page 332. 

LAS, PENSARN, Cardiganshire, 
had three brothers, John, 
Lewis, and David Thorne, who, 
with himself, entered upon the 
work of the ministry. His pub- 
lic career was short. He open- 
ed a school for a time at Maes- 
mynis, near Builth, Brecon- 
shire, and then went to Tre- 
vecca, where he studied for 
only four months, as his health 
pave way. He died in 1848. 
Methodistiaeth De Abertei-fi, 
page 229. 

GEITHO, was one of the early 
exhorters. He was best known 
as Evan the Tanner, because of 
his secular calling. In North 
Wales he was also known as 
the little scarred man of the 
South, because his face was 
deeply pitted through having 


7 1 

had an attack of smallpox. In 
conjunction with his brother, 
he kept a tan-yard in the vil- 
lage for some years. Method- 
istiaefh De Alertei-fi, page 95. 

EVANS, REV. EVAN, Mission- 
ary, to South Africa. During 
the early years of the nine- 
teenth century, the Foreign 
Mission work of the Calvinis- 
tic Methodists was carried on 
in co-operation with the Lon- 
don Missionary Society. A- 
mong other Calvinistic Method- 
ists who went forth to the Mis- 
ion Field under this arrange- 
ment was the Rev. Evan Evans, 
who was a. native of Llanrwst, 
Denbighshire, and born Nov- 
ember 2ist, 1792. When four- 
teen years of age he went to 
Bala to learn the printing 
trade. Whilst here he exper- 
ienced deep religious impres- 
sions, and through reading Dr. 
Buchanan's work, entitled 
" Researches in the East," he 
became strongly desirous of en- 
tering upon Missionary work. 
With this object in view, he 
began to preach when he was 
twenty years of age, and after 
being accepted as a missionary 
candidate, he was sent to Gos- 
port College, then under Dr. 
Bogue. He was ordained at 
Bala, August 2ist, 1816. He 
then married Miss Ann Jones, 
Llanidloes, and both sailed for 
South Africa in the month of 
October, in company with 
Robert Moffat, and three other 
missionaries. At the, meeting 
at which Mr. Evans and his 

companions were set apart for 
South Africa, four other mis- 
sionaries, including John Wil- 
liams the Erromanga martyr, 
were likewise set apart for the 
South Sea islands. The mis- 
sionaries landed at Cape Town, 
January i3th, 1817, and Mr. 
Evans and his wife reached 
Bethelsdorp, the station to 
which they had been appointed, 
towards the end of April. In 
November, 1819, they removed 
to Paarl, where they continued 
to labour until Mr. Evans' 
health gave way, when he was 
obliged to return home, and 
he reached Wales in 1827. He 
died January agth, 1828, aged 
35 years. The late Rev. Thomas 
Charles Evans, Manchester, 
was his son. Hanes Cenhad- 
aeth Dramor y Methodistiaid 
Cal'finaidd Cymreig, page 428. 

Carnarvonshire, was the son of 
Mr. Thomas Evans, Waenfawr, 
who was a prominent preacher 
in his day and sphere. He was 
a young man of very promising 
ministerial gifts ; but his career 
was short. He was a burn- 
ing and a shining light, and 
many were willing " to remain 
in his light," but this was 
not permitted them. Disease 
seized him whilst he was yet 
young. He removed to Llanid- 
loes hoping that his health 
would be improved and his 
strength restored, but the 
change profited him little, and 
within about twelve months he 


died, Feb. 13, 1797. He took a 
prominent part in founding 
Sunday Schools. He walked 
closely with his Master and had 
many indications of His favour. 
At a service he held at Aber- 
bach-awyr, dark clouds gather- 
ed, and the rain came down 
heavily ; upon this he prayed, 
" O Lord, Creator and Gover- 
nor of all things, grant us quiet 
for a little while to counsel 
these people who are travelling 
to the eternal world," and the 
rain at once ceased. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. pages 
157, 366; Drych yr Amseroedd, 
page 189. 

BALA, Merionethshire, was one 
of the early preachers, and one 
of the founders of the cause at 
Sarnau. He did not draw 

much attention to himself 
through his preaching exercises, 
yet he rendered considerable ser- 
vice to the cause of God in his 
sphere. His name is to be met 
with as preaching in the district 
of Tre Rhiwaedog between the 
years 1790 and 1800. He was 
one of Mr. Charles' first batch 
of schoolmasters. During the 
later years of his life he lived 
in the house adjoining the 
chapel at Sarnau. His cir- 
cumstances were very humble, 
yet, he and his wife were ex- 
ceedingly kind to the poor and 
needy. It is recorded that at 
the time of an Association at 
Bala, his wife would prepare a 

quantity of flummery a kind 
of food made of oatmeal steeped 
in water until it would turn 
sour, and place it at the door 
in a saucepan, with a pan of 
milk by its side, for the pilgrims 
to the Association to refresh 
themselves therewith. This 
kind deed, humble though the 
fare was, cheered the travellers 
greatly on their march. Meth- 
odistiaeth Dwyrain Meirionydd, 
page 213. 

Carmarthenshire, was a farmer 
and preacher who lived for 
some time near the village of 
Cenarth, and held his member- 
ship at Newcastle-emlyn. He 
was for many years a faithful 
and acceptable preacher. Sev- 
eral hymns composed by him 
were in general use among the 
churches. He is well-known 
as the writer, in rhythm and 
rhyme, of an account of two re- 
markable Associations, one held 
at Cardigan, in February 1796, 
and the other at Trefdraeth, 
Pembrokeshire, November isth, 
of the same year. In these 
songs, he gives the names of the 
ministers who .'p-reiached' jand ; 
their texts. The song regard- 
ing the Association at Cardi- 
gan was reproduced in Y Dry- 
sorfa, for. 1840, page 47. Both 
songs may be seen in the Traeth- 
odydd for 1848. A small 
volume of his poetry consisting 
of 24 pages was published at Car- 
marthen by J. Ross in 1778. He 



died in the year 1807. Y Traefh- 
odydd, 1848, page 482 ; Y Dry- 
orfa, vol. x. page 164. 

born at Glanyrafon, near Wrex- 
ham, October 30, 1723, and died 
at Bala, Aug. i2th, 1817, in his 
ninety-sixth year. He is one of 
the most interesting of the 
fathers of Methodism, as he was 
a witness of its doings and a 
participator therein for three 
generations. He knew the state 
of Wales when Methodism first 
appeared as a power seeking 
to scatter the darkness of ignor- 
ance, to combat the low, de- 
graded, sinful habits which 
were prevalent over the whole of 
Wales, North and South, to 
quicken the activities of those 
who were wrapt up in a death- 
like spiritual indifference and 
yet allied with the churches al- 
ready existing, and to lead the 
people to seek to become Christ- 
ians after the standard of the 
Word of God. He saw the 
hardships which the Methodists 
had for many years to contend 
with, and the gradual formation 
of churches and the develop- 
ment of their organization. He 
lived long enough to see 
churches formed all over the 
country, the old degrading prac' 
tices swept away, and Method- 
ism properly organized as an 
independent body. Even in his 
later years, his memory served 
him well, and his faculties were 
clear and strong enough to give 

the story of the early fathers 
with much fulness and accur- 

When he was about four years 
of age, his parents removed to a 
farm owned by them in the 
neighbourhood of Adwy'r 
Clawdd, where they built sev- 
eral houses ; and on ground pre- 
sented by them the first Meth- 
odist chapel at Adwy'r Clawdd 
was erected. So far as they 
attended to religion, they fre- 
quented the Established Church, 
and aimed at living a good 
moral life, though they had no 
clear conception of the way of 
salvation through Jesus Christ. 
He was given a better education 
than most of the youths of his 
own circle. He was fond too 
of Bible history. But, like 
many others, upon reaching 
young manhood, he lost the lit- 
tle interest he had previously 
felt in religion, and sought his 
pleasure in the company and 
ways of ungodly youths. He 
was apprenticed to a weaver, 
but when the term of his ap- 
prenticeship finished he took to 
work in lead mines which were 
not far away from his home. 
He sought also to enter the 
army, but the regiment of 
cavalry, which he had hoped to 
join, had left Chester the day 
before he reached there for the 
purpose of enlisting, so he re- 
turned to work in the mine. He 
had now left home, but was at 
no great distance away. 



Through an intense sensitiveness 
against taking an oath at an 
Assize Court, in a case which 
was to be tried and in which he 
was summoned to appear as a 
witness, he left for Cardigan- 
shire without telling any one, 
purposing to find work in the 
lead mines of that county. On 
his route he passed through 
Bala. When he reached that 
small town, he was weary with 
his journey, and his pocket was 
rather empty, so he engaged 
himself to a weaver, in whose 
house he happened to lodge for 
the night. This took place in 
1742. Edward Williams with 
whom he worked and lived was 
one of a small circle of truly 
godly people at Bala. John 
Evans readily took to be induced 
by him to attend religious ser- 
vices, and he soon got into 
sympathy with them. In 1744 
he married, and twelve months 
later, he experienced the mighty 
workings of the Spirit cf God 
in his soul, and he became a new 
man. He had not come to Bala 
when Howel Harris first visited 
the place, but that historical 
event took place not long prev- 
iously. So, though he did not 
witness the cruel treatment 
Harris received, he heard the 
deplorable story from those who 
had done so. 

Soon after his marriage, he 
started business on his own ac- 
count, first as a weaver, then as 
a bookbinder, and afterwards as 
a tallow-chandler, which calling 

he pursued to the end of his 
life. It became observed from 
the first that he conducted his 
business on upright lines, and 
thus won the confidence and re- 
spect of all classes. And more- 
over he was recognized to be a 
man of good sense and sound 

When he joined the church at 
Bala, its members were few and 
of humble station in life. They 
often met at five o'clock in the 
morning, before the secular 
work of the day began, to 
avoid being disturbed by 
those Tvho were hostile to their 
services. In the winter one of 
its members was appointed to 
arouse the others from sleep in 
time for the service. Each one 
fastened a string around his 
body, the end of which hung 
through the window. The 
brother appointed to the task of 
calling the rest would pull the 
string, and say, " Come, 
brother, to worship the Lord. 9 "' 
John Evans had been a mem- 
ber of this little society for 
about 20 years before he began 
formally to preach, though he 
was in the habit some time pre- 
viously of giving short exhorta- 
tions at Bala and other places. 
He and some other members of 
the church would go as far as 
Penrhyn and Festiniog and 
other places equally distant, 
walking to and fro, sometimes a 
distance of 35 miles, so as to 
hold a prayer meeting, provid- 
ing themselves with a little 



".bread and cheese, as there was 
no house where they could call 
with any expectation of receiv- 
ing refreshment. On one occa- 
.sion he and another brother 
walked the whole distance from 
Bala to Trecastle, Brecon- 
. shire, across pathless mountains 
for the express purpose of at- 
'tending an Association and to 
urge upon some of the preach- 
ers of South Wales to visit the 
North. On the journey a te- 
:markable incident took place. 
The way was altogether strange 
to them. At Llanbrynmair two 

other travellers joined them, 
'but the country was strange 

also to them. They managed 
somehow to reach Rhayader; 

and certain marks were given 
them how to proceed. But 

they missed the way, and the 
day soon began to darken, and 

they could not see the marks 
given them, so they were in 
great perplexity. But in the 
emergency, a man in the garb of 

a shepherd unexpectedly met 
them, and asked them, "Are you 
not going to the Association at 
Trecastle?" They replied, 
"Yes." And he said, "You 

"have lost the way," and added, 
" go straight on between the 
two yonder heights, and then 
leaving the mountain you will 
come to a farm house on the 
roadside. People of the same 
religion as you live there, and 
df you call, you will receive com- 
fortable lodgings." As they 
-were wondering at this remark- 

able Providence, they turned to 
have another look at this 
friend in need, and to thank 
him for his kindness : to their 
astonishment he had disap- 
peared though they were at the 
time on the open mountain 
where the unexpected friend 
could not possibly conceal him- 
self. Upon this, John Evans, 
who was invariably a cool and 
sensible man said, "Assuredly 
it was an angel." The party 
found the farm house, as the 
shepherd had stated, where they 
were cordially received. They 
reached Trecastle early next 
morning and succeeded in their 

As a preacher, different from 
most others of his day, he was 
quiet and instructive, always 
speaking in his natural tone, 
rather than at the height of his 
voice, seeking to awaken in the 
minds of the people the fear of 

The fame, of John Evans rests 
not so much upon his preaching 
as upon his sensible conduct 
and wise sayings in private con- 
versation and at church meet- 
ings. The Rev. Thomas Charles 
held him in high esteem, and 
almost implicitly accepted any 
advice he might give. He 
often appealed to him at meet- 
ings of the church at home and 
at Associations for his opinion 
upon whatsoever might be un- 
der consideration : he was so 
keen and sound in his judgment. 
At an Association at Bala when 


he was become old and deaf, the 
theme of conversation was faith, 
and several of the leading mini- 
sters had spoken. The last who 
spoke was the Rev. David Jones, 
Llangan, who described faith 
as a venture venturing upon 
the Son of God for life. 
Mr. Charles then asked Mr. 
Evans if he had heard the con- 
versation. He replied that he 
had understood very little. 
Mr. Charles told him that they 
had been speaking about faith. 
" So, indeed," he replied, "and 
what do they say is true faith?" 
" Oh, their opinions vary, the 
last, Mr. Jones, Llangan, said, 
that it is a venture the soul 
venturing on Christ." "Quite 
true," he replied, " faith is a 
venture, but remember this, it is 
a venture with its eyes open. 
Faith ventures, so does pre- 
sumption, but before faith ven- 
tures, it must have the word of 
God for its basis." 

One Saturday, the violence of 
the storm was fearful, and ac- 
cording to his engagement for 
Sunday, Mr. Charles was to 
preach at a small chapel in the 
midst of the mountains of Mer- 
ioneth. The storm was growing 
in fierceness, until it became al- 
most dangerous to go out of 
doors. Mr. Charles hesitated 
as to what he should do, so he 
sent his servant to ask Mr. 
Evans, who lived close by, for 
his advice under the circum- 
stances. His reply was, " Ask 
Mr. Charles, whether is he a 

master or a servant ? If he be a 
master, then he can do as he 
chooses ; but if he is a servant 
he should obey the call." This, 
settled the matter, and Mr. 
Charles faced the storm and 
fulfilled his engagement. 

Like the Rev. John Evans, 
New Inn, he was full of ten- 
derness towards those who were- 
out of the way and yet seeking 
to become followers of Jesus : 
he was more gentle towards such 
than Mr. Charles. A woman at 
Bala who was a candidate for- 
membership in the church was- 
not quite up to the mark in 
some respects, so the friends- 
hesitated to receive her. Mr. 
Charles told Mr. Evans, who 
was at this time very deaf, the- 
main points of the conversation 
with her, and added, " She is 
very dark, John Evans." "Well, 
Mr. Charles, it was very dart 
upon you, when you first came- 
here, it may be that the woman 
will nevertheless get on all- 
right, let her at any. rate have- 
fair play to try." Earlier in 
life, when speaking to a wo- 
man who sought church mem- 
bership at Llanuwchllyn, and 
who was not very intelligent, 
as some thought, he said, "Well,, 
the first step towards entering 
' the straight gate,' is to turn 
the face towards it." 

A well-known instance of his- 
keenness and readiness of speech 
is that of his reply to his wife's; 
question as to their knowing 
each other in heaven. Like- 



himself, she was shrewd and 
thoughtful and remarkable in 
many ways. It was a habit of 
hers to keep Caryl on Job open 
before her on the vable when 
ironing. "Do you think, John," 
she asked, "that we shall know 
one another in heaven?" " Most 
assuredly," he replied. " Do 
you think we shall be more fool- 
ish there than here?" But 
after thinking a little while, he 
added, " but, Margaret, we may 
be quite near for a thousand 
years without seeing each other 
because the glory and wonders 
of the person of our Redeemer 
will have so enraptured us." 

He was every way a man 
mighty in the Scriptures, strong 
in Christian doctrines, sound in 
judgment, upright in principle, 
and he rendered great service 
to Methodism for many years. 
Much of the early history of 
Methodism in Merionethshire 
would have been lost had it not 
been for him. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. i. page 603; Y 
Tadau Methodistaidd, vol. ii. 
page 20; y, Traethodydd, vol. 
v. page 86 ; Methodistiaeth Dwy- 
rain Meirionydd, page 59. 

Anglesea, was born in the year 
1775. He was the son of Evan 
Thomas, of Maes, an eminent 
bone setter. He was chosen a 
deacon by the church at Holy- 
head in the year 1804. Four 
years later he began to preach. 
He was an instructive and lively 
preacher, and at times had very 

powerful services. His physical 
constitution was at best weak, 
which naturally was a great dis- 
advantage to him. However 
he continued to labour with 
much faithfulness and accept- 
ance, until he met with a serious 
accident which led to his death, 
April 2ist, 1845, aged 70 years. 
The late Rev. Ebenezer Evans, 
Bodedern, was his son. Enwog- 
ion Man, page 44; Y Traethod- 
ydd, vol. xii. page 408. 

Herefordshire, was proverbial 
for his devout spirit and pleas- 
ing manners. When he left 
Trevecca College, June, 1847, 
he at once entered the Home 
Mission field, taking charge 
of three districts, Newchurch, 
Brilley and Eardisley. The 
services at Newchurch had 
hitherto been held in a private 
house, but the room soon be- 
came too small for the people 
who came to hear. He there- 
fore at once set about building 
a chapel, and through his fas- 
cinating manners and genial 
spirit got much aid in his en- 
terprize from outside his special 
sphere of work. The chapel was 
opened free of debt, and with 
the surplus money he set about 
building a chapel and manse at 
the Great Oak, Eardisley, Here- 
fordshire, which place had been 
a great centre of ungodliness. 
This chapel was opened May, 
1849, when he occupied the 
manse which he had built, fully 
expecting to spend some years of 


labour in this his adopted sphere. 
But just as he completed his 
second year he was suddenly 
called away to the home above. 
There was great sorrow through- 
out the district of his labours 
and the churches of Brecon- 
shire, where he was well-known 
and highly thought of. He 
was a native of Pensarn, Cardi- 
ganshire, and was born in the 
year 1819. He had three 
brothers in the ministry, Revs. 
Lewis Evans, Pembroke Dock ; 
D. Thome Evans, Swansea ; 
and Evan Evans, who died soon 
after he commenced preaching. 
He spent his young manhood at 
Carmarthen in the service of the 
Rev. David Charles. Here he 
began to preach, and then pro- 
ceeded to Trevecca College, 
where he remained two years un- 
der the tuition of Dr. Charles. 
He won for himself a warm 
place in many hearts, but he 
was cut down on Sept. 17, 1849, 
when but thirty years of age. 
He was to have been ordained 
at Llandilo, Carmarthenshire, 
August, 1849, t> ut the illness, 
which ended in his death, had 
already commenced its fatal 
work, and hindered him from 
being present. His knowledge 
of the Word of God was very 
great ; with but little difficulty 
he could have compiled a Con- 
cordance. Y Drysorfa, 1849, 
page 358. 

Carmarthenshire, was one of the 
early, active, and popular 

preachers of Methodism. He- 
made several excursions to- 
North Wales, and did much 
pioneer work in the face of great 
difficulties and perils. He is. 
always spoken of with great 
respect. He had a sweet voice- 
and a winsome manner. A well- 
known proverb in Carmarthen- 
shire, setting forth a man who- 
has much charm of manner, was' 
applied to him as a preacher 
"one able to charm bees out of 
their hive." He and Mr. Lloyd, 
Henllan, Cayo, were on one oc- 
casion announced to preach in ai 
locality where the vicar of the 
parish was bitter in his opposi- 
tion to the Methodist movement. 
A number of 'men were primed 
with drink for the express 
purpose of disconcerting the 
preachers. John Evans had 
begun to preach before they ap- 
peared on the scene. His charm- 
ing voice however so conquered 
them that they could not, even 
in their muddled condition, but 
listen, and remain for a time 
perfectly still. One of them 
recognizing that much of the 
charm of the preacher was in 
his voice fetched a brass pan 
and began to strike it vigourous- 
ly so as to drown the voice of 
the preacher. A strong man 
who was standing by, and had 
an iron instrument in his hand, 
held it over the disturber's head,, 
and threatened to strike him 
dead unless he ceased his dis- 
turbance. The enemy was thus 
cowed, quiet was secured, and 


much good was done. John 
Evans' doctrine at times dropt 
as the rain ; his speech distilled 
as the dew, as the small rain 
upon the tender herb, and as the 
showers upon the grass. Preach- 
ing on one occasion, about the 
year 1774, at Ty-tan-y-wal, near 
Llanwno, Glamorganshire, on 
the words, " For the people 
shouted .with a loud shout, and 
the noise was heard afar off " 
(Ezra iii. 13), some of his hear- 
ers fainted with fear, others 
wept, and others praised the 
Lord with much joy. He 
preached at Mold sometime be- 
fore 1768. Where or when he 
died is not known. The Rev. 
John Evans, Llandilo, was his 
son. Methodistiaetli Cymru, 
vol. ii. pages 391, 448; vol. iii. 
pages 92, 159. 

Pembrokeshire, was better 
known to our Welsh forefathers 
in almost all parts of South 
Wales, and in the marches of 
North Wales, as the English- 
man of Pembrokeshire. In the 
early part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, he supplied the Octagon 
Chapel, Chester, for three or 
four months annually, for many 
years. He was born at Coed- 
candlass Chapel farm, near 
Burnet's Hill, about eight miles 
from Haverfordwest, on the 
banks of the Milford Haven, in 
the year 1777. His ancestors 
had lived there for two hundred 
years. He was brought up with 
his parents in the Established 

Church ; and was converted un- 
der the ministry of Rev. D. 
Griffiths, Never n; but he joined 
the Methodist movement at the 
dawn of the nineteenth century. 
He was undecided for a time be- 
tween the Wesleyan Methodists 
and the Calvinistic Methodists : 
but under the influence of the 
Rev. John Rees, Carmarthen, 
(afterwards of Crown Court 
Chapel,London), he threw in his; 
lot with the latter. He was soon 
urged to exercise his gifts as a 
preacher, and notwithstanding 
his natural diffidence, he en- 
tered upon the work with much 
earnestness. There is hardly a 
nook on the south side of the 
Milford Haven where his voice 
was not heard preaching the 
everlasting Gospel. He also 
repeatedly travelled through the 
various counties of North and 
South Wales. He was ordained 
at Llandilo in 1813. In Decem- 
ber, 1818, he was married to- 
Miss Martha Hall, East Popton. 
In 1821 he removed from Pop- 
ton, where he had resided since 
his marriage, to Coedcandless- 
Chapel farm, his birth place. 
From this time forth until Mich- 
aelmas, 1846, he lived in the 
neighbourhood of Burnet's Hill, 
with the exception of eight 
years' residence at Haverford- 
west first, and then for a short 
time at Laurenny. Thence he re- 
moved to Pembroke Dock, where 
he spent his last days, unable 
however to render any active ser- 
vice to his Lord's work as he 



was suffering under the effects 
of paralysis. He died July 
nth, 1849, aged 72 years. The 
Treasury, vol. iii. page 105. 

CROSS INN, Carmarthenshire, 
was a preacher whose name is in 
the list of deceased preachers in 
the Drysorfa, 1844. 

FFORTUN, Carmarthenshire, oc- 
cupied during many years of his 
ministerial life a prominent 
position among the public ser- 
vants of Christ in Wales. He 
stood in the front rank as a 
preacher. His name was a 
charm to secure the largest 
audiences, composed of people 
of every denomination of 
Christians in the district where 
the preaching service would be 
Tield. ' 

We well remember the first 
time we saw him and heard 
him preach. The event was one 
of those indelibly fixed in our 
memory. We were young ; but 
the stir "which the announcement 
of his coming caused in our 
circle of life excited our youth- 
ful minds, always ready to be 
deeply interested in preachers, 
whom thanks to our earliest as- 
sociations and training we 
looked upon with feelings of 
deeo veneration. We hearkened 
with avidity to the .talk re- 
specting his wonderful preach- 
ing, and of course, joined in the 
expectation of the treat in store 
for the people. On the even- 
ing he was to preach, people 

flocked to the chapel betimes lest 
they should fail to get room. 
At the appointed time of the ser- 
vice he had not arrived, and 
some anxiety was felt lest a 
disappointment should occur. 
When he drove in sight peo- 
ple stood at almost every door- 
step looking at him as if he 
were a prince. And was he not 
a prince? Though not of 
earthly royal blood, yet he was 
a prince in Israel. When the 
gig stood at our door, he said 
to the preacher who drove him, 
' ( Thomas, you go and begin 
the service; as soon as I shall 
have had a cup of tea, I will 
follow." We walked with him 
to chapel, and he bowed to al- 
most everybody we met. After 
reaching the chapel everybody's 
countenance was radiant with 
joy, and he preached with great 
unction and power, causing the 
people soon to forgive the little 
annoyance felt at the lateness 
of his arrival. A special fact 
which we remember, too, is that 
on the following morning, there 
was some difficulty in getting 
him out of bed : before he came 
down stairs it was near mid- 

This incident is recorded be- 
cause of its representative char- 
acter. First : Mr. Evans' visit 
to a neighbourhood to preach 
outside the bounds of his own 
Monthly Meeting was an event 
long remembered by those who 
heard him. Not that he was 
less popular at home and in his 


own county. Far otherwise, he 
was of all men the most beloved 
and honoured at his home and 
in his county circle, as proved 
by the fact that he often preach- 
ed at the Quarterly Associations 
held in his own county an hon- 
our rarely given to any one else. 
It was so difficult to get him to 
visit distant places that when he 
would do so the circumstance 
would be remembered as one 
of those events which become a 
standard of dates in respect of 
other circumstances happening 
about the same time, we have 
heard it said of a particular 
event " It happened the year 
John Evans, New Inn, preached 
here." Secondly : There was 
often considerable anxiety lest 
he might not fulfil his appoint- 
ment. Owing to a morbid 
melancholy, it was not always 
an easy matter to get him to 
start from home. Frequently 
it was only at the last moment, 
or considerably after the proper 
time of starting, and by dint of 
long persuasion, that he could be 
induced to set out on his journey. 
Thirdly : After he would have 
reached the chapel and ascended 
the pulpit, the annoyance felt 
by the congregation at his de- 
lay, and the trouble experienced 
"by those whose care it was to 
see that he would fulfil his ap- 
pointment were at once forgot- 
ten. The flow of his language, 
the grace of his style, the ten- 
derness of his appeals, the 
beauty with which he would in- 

vest Gospel-truth, the unction 
that accompanied his ministry 
filled the audience with delight. 
Fourthly : there was no getting 
him out of bed in the morning. 
Notwithstanding his great popu- 
larity and the vast influence for 
good which his ministry ex- 
ercised, he would in his heart 
prefer being left at home than 
go forth to address the multi- 
tudes which everywhere flocked 
to hear him. He evidently set 
little value upon his ministra- 
tions. In this he was perfectly 
sincere. His ingenuousness 
and simplicity were above sus- 

Combined with his feeling of 
melancholy was an absent mind- 
edness which often manifested 
itself in most ludicrous ways. 
What is strange and indicative 
of his simplicity of character is 
.that this trait in his character 
revealed itself time after time in 
the same facts. It was widely 
said by different individuals, 
how. in their respective homes, 
he had been in great trouble 
whilst dressing in the morning 
owing to his inability to find 
one of his stockings. After 
much tossing about of the bed- 
clothes and searching in every 
corner of the room it would 
come to light at last that he had 
got the two stockings on one 
foot. The thorough simplicity 
and openness of the man pre- 
vented any suspicion being 
awakened of anything but 
simple absent-mindedness. 



Illustrative of the strange 
freaks which nature sometimes 
plays, it should be mentioned 
that whilst Mr. Evans was thus 
forgetful and unobservant in 
respect to some of the commonest 
facts of daily life, he had a most 
retentive memory for persons. 
He seemed never to forget a 
person's face or name, or that of 
the members of his family. 
Having once spoken to any one, 
he would ever after, notwith- 
standing the number of people 
he met with on his preaching 
tours, remember him by name. 
Wheresoever and whensoever 
they might chance meet, he 
would at once address him, and 
enquire affectionately after each 
member of the household by 

This enquiry which he invari- 
ably made reveals the kindness 
of his disposition,and endeared 
him to the hearts of the people. 
He never forgot to ask after the 
absent members of the family. 
Even when an Association was 
being held, and a passage to the 
stage on the field was opened 
up for him amid the crowd, if 
he espied any one he knew, 
he would at once enquire after 
the other members of the family. 
He thus knit the people to him- 
self, and at the same time knit 
them to the cause of God, and 
to the denomination of which he 
was one of the brightest orna- 

He was a prince among the 
preachers of his day : one of 

those whose ministry leads many 
old folks to speak of the preach- 
ing of the days gone by as far 
superior to that of recent times, 
forgetful that all the mini- 
sters of olden . times were not 
like John Evans, New Inn, and 
forgetful, too, that masters of 
the assemblies whose "words are 
as goads, and as nails fastened" 
are still to be found. John 
Evans took a leading position 
for years. It was his by rights. 
He was placed in the front in- 
stinctively and universally. It 
never entered his thoughts, so 
far as his character is known, 
that he was seeking it or that he 
had won it. It was purely 
weight of character, kindliness 
of heart, and rare pulpit talents 
secured him his position. He 
had but little administrative 
skill, and seldom took a pro- 
minent part in discussion re- 
garding the doctrines or the ex- 
ternal affairs of religion. His 
great forte was to preach the 
everlasting Gospel. When 

engaged in this work he was at 
home. Those who heard him 
will never forget the soft cad- 
ence of his voice, his sparkling, 
brilliant and large eyes, the up- 
lifting of his hand, and force of 
his language, which seemed al- 
most to be inspired, when he re- 
velled with his whole soul in 
declaring the message of the 
Gospel to perishing sinners. He 
never trifled with his audience, 
never sought to create a laugh 
by any witticism, never shot any 


caustic remark at his brethren, 
"never courted popularity. The 
solemnity of the work filled his 
soul and hence he ever sought 
to discharge his duty with be- 
coming gravity and dignity. 

Whilst his language in 
preaching was eminent for its 
chasteness, elegance and force, 
he seldom or never prepared his 
sermons in full. The sketches 
of his sermons that have ap- 
peared through the press are 
most meagre and worthless, 
affording the reader no idea 
whatever of the preacher ; in- 
deed, they do him great in- 
justice. In preaching he would 
seldom keep even to the outline 
he had prepared. After ex- 
pounding the context, he would 
sketch the line of thought he 
intended to pursue, giving ex- 
pression to it under several 
"heads." But nothing more 
would be heard about those divi- 
sions excepting the first. Hav- 
ing once struck upon a vein of 
Gospel truth he would forget all 
plan and proceed to unravel 
freely and flowingly the mys- 
tery of the cross of Christ, never 
repeating himself, and yet 
never at a lack for something to 
say. His words would flow 
like a stream. He frequently 
preached from the same text 
on an itinerancy, but except- 
ing the text and the first few 
words there would scarcely be 
two sentences alike : he would 
soon branch off in a new direc- 
tion, and bring forth things new 

and old from the treasury of 
the Word. 

He had a marvellous power of 
expressing his gratitude. A 
unique part of many an Associa- 
tion was his public acknow- 
ledgment to the various friends 
who had shown kindness in con- 
nection with the gathering. It 
was the gem of the service. 
There was something so racy 
and rich, and scriptural in his 
way of doing it, that it charmed 
every one. 

When baptizing a child in the 
presence of a large congrega- 
tion, he said, as he was about 
sprinkling the water on the 
child's face, "We consider 
that sprinkling a little water is 
the Scriptural method of bap- 
tizing, but our brethren the 
Baptists consider that there 
should be sufficient water 
wherein to immerse the bap- 
tized. But, my dear friends, 
the dawn of the Thousand 
Years is about to break, 
and then if we use too little 
water we shall use more, and if 
our brethren the Baptists' use 
too much, it will be necessary 
for them to be satisfied with 

He was bred and born in one 
of the most out-of-the-way 
places at that time in South 
Wales, and his parents were 
plain, ordinary farmers, who in 
the year 1779, lived at Cwm- 
gwen, in the parish of Llanfi- 
hangel-ieroth, about 12 miles 
from Carmarthen. His father 

S 4 


was a deacon of the Congrega- 
tional Church at Pencader, and 
his mother was a member of the 
same Church. His father was 
highly esteemed in his circle, 
and his mother was a woman of 
eminent piety, well versed in 
the Scriptures, and took much 
pains in the religious instruc- 
tion of her son. In tempera- 
ment, his father was hot and 
impetuous, but his mother was 
gentle and mild ; and whilst 
the former was prone to be full 
of anxiety, the latter was ever 

John Evans, when a boy, was 
of a quiet, meditative disposi- 
tion, seldom given much to play. 
Owing to a difference in tem- 
perament, his father did not un- 
derstand him, and doubtless 
thought him a. very worthless 
youth. His mother, however, 
recognizing him to be a child of 
tender feelings and of good 
parts, treated him with more 
consideration and indulged him 
in his whims and fancies. 

At what age he became a sub- 
ject x>f religious impressions is 
not known, further than that it 
was whilst he was yet a child. 
From his earliest years he mani- 
fested the deepest interest in re- 
ligious matters. When but 
fourteen years of age, he ac- 
companied his father to Waun- 
ifor to hear the Rev. D. Jones, 
Llangan, preach, and the truth 
left a deep impression on his 
mind. Not long after, possibly 
as the result of this sermon, he 

joined the Calvinistic Method- 
ist Church at Waunifor, prefer - 
ing this section of the church 
of Christ to the Congregatian- 
alist. His father was dis- 
pleased with him for joining the 
Methodists, and therefore John 
did not go to Waunifor again. 
Some time afterwards however 
he joined the same body of 
Christians at New Inn, a place 
two or three miles distant. This 
time his father accompanied 
him, and said to the deacon, 
" Here he is for you, I have ut- 
terly failed to make him a Dis- 
senter," the name given the 
Congregationalists in that day. 
He felt riled that his son should 
persist in separating himself 
from his parents and throw in 
his lot among the members of a 
different communion. He was 
now sixteen years of age. 

Previous to this he had opened 
a day-school at Pencader, which 
would indicate that he had had 
more school advantages than the 
ordinary country lad of his 
class and locality. And this, 
possibly, because he was of no 
use whatsoever on the farm. In 
fact he took so little interest in 
farm matters that he did not 
know his father's cattle. His 
thoughts were upon other things. 
With his books, and to be left to 
himself to think, was John's de- 
light. His father had no sym- 
pathy with his studious disposi- 
tion, and was often enraged at 
his stupidity in regard to farm 
duties. There was nothing for 



it but to allow him to attend 
school, and when he was but 
fifteen years of age he opened 
one on his own account. Neces- 
sarily, it was of a very element- 
tary character. What could 
have induced him, with his 
limited attainments, to under- 
take this work, is difficult to say. 
Possibly his father was unable 
or disinclined to pay for his 
tuition any longer, whilst the 
bent of his mind was towards 
learning, and he saw that by 
teaching others he would at the 
same time teach himself. No 
great qualifications were neces- 
sary for a schoolmaster in a 
country district at that time. 
But it should be said that he 
had studied Latin, Greek 
and Hebrew, in some degree, 
under the Rev. Mr. Jones, Maes- 
yroni, and that, for a youth un- 
der his circumstances, he had at- 
tained considerable proficiency 
in these branches of learning. 
He was no mathematician, and 
never had any liking for figures. 
Soon after he joined the 
church at New Inn, he removed 
to Llanpumsaint, where he 
again started a school, and here 
he entered upon his life work. 
He had from a child set his 
heart upon it. When very 
young, he was often overheard 
in the fields preaching and 
praying, though he was not 
a professed follower of the Lord 
Jesus. Preaching was the dream 
of his childhood and the am- 
bition of his early youth. And 

when he entered upon his eigh- 
teenth year, about twelve 
months after his public profes- 
sion of his Saviour, he began 
the public career which was to 
win him the admiration, love 
and gratitude of tens of thou- 
sands of his fellow countrymen. 
His first text was, " If any man 
will come after me ; let him 
deny himself, and take up his 
cross and follow me" (Math, 
xvi. 24). 

His preaching was from the 
first highly successful and 
caused a great stir. Of course, 
chapels were small, and preach- 
ers were few, great ignorance 
prevailed on every hand and the 
state of the country was exceed- 
ingly corrupt. There were a 
few who sought to spread the 
light of the Gospel, but their 
visits to many places were at 
long intervals. John Evans' 
preaching, therefore, character- 
ised as it was by great fervour 
and unction, made a deep im- 
pression upon many of his hear- 
ers. Much interest was felt in 
him ; it became at once clear 
that he was destined to occupy 
a prominent position in the 
vineyard of the Lord. His ser- 
vices were anxiously sought, and 
people flocked to hear him 
wherever he would be an- 
nounced to preach. Like all 
his brethren he had dark and 
heavy opportunities as well as 
bright and unctious ones. Hi.s 
course, however, was prosperous 
as the flowing tide. To qualify 



himself still . further for his 
work, he spent some time at the 
Presbyterian College, Carmar- 
then, conducted by the Rev. D. 

When he was thirty years of 
age he received Deacon Orders 
from the Bishop of Llandaff ; 
and was appointed to the curacy 
of Mynydd-islwyn, Monmouth- 
shire. It is not to be in- 
ferred from this that his love 
of Calvinistic Methodism had 
lessened in the least. At this 
time the Connexion had not 
begun to ordain its own minis- 
ters. His close connection with 
the Established Church did not 
last long, little more than a 
year : and during this brief 
period he was stationed succes- 
sively at Mynydd-islwyn, Tre- 
lalas, and Llanddowror. More- 
over, he itinerated a good deal, 
and preached in many districts 
in South Wales. When refused 
admission into the churches, he 
would at once mount a tomb- 
stone, and preach to those who 
had come to hear. His preach- 
ing gave great offence to the 
formalists who simply attended 
church without any true inter- 
est in their soul's welfare. The 
simple Gospel was to them an 
offence; to warn them earnestly 
to flee from the wrath to come 
was an impertinence, and the 
strong denunciation of the sins 
that prevailed was likewise 
deeply painful to many. Whilst 
the common people heard him 
gladly, the ordinary church-go- 

ing people complained because 
of his practical preaching, and 
they succeeded in getting his 
dismissal. In consequence of 
his transgressions through 
preaching in unconsecrated 
places, and his Nonconformist 
sympathies, he did not receive 
priest's orders. In a little more 
than a year from the time he 
left the Methodists he returned, 
making Llwynffortun, a beauti- 
ful spot in the Vale of Towy, 
midway between Carmarthen 
and Llandilo, his residence. 

From this time forth his 
career as a minister of the Gos- 
pel was one of uninterrupted 
success. Beloved and ad- 
mired by all, his presence was 
eagerly sought for the large 
preaching gatherings of the 
Denomination in North and 
South Wales. As he advanced 
in life, the affliction from which 
he had suffered in a greater or 
less degree from childhood grew 
upon him : at times, indeed, it 
stopped little short of in- 
capacitating him completely for 
public work. His mental de- 
pression was at times very 
great : he would fancy that he 
had committed some heinous 
offence, and that it was his duty 
to deliver himself up to the offi- 
cers of the law. But however 
great his depression before en- 
tering the pulpit, once he was 
there all would be forgotten, 
both by himself and everybody 

He was little adapted for the 


ordinary duties of life. Whe- 
ther when sent as a boy by his 
father to look after the cattle, or 
in after life, his wife would 
desire him to see how the work- 
men were getting on in the field, 
or to attend a fair or market, 
or to sell some of the produce of 
the farm, there was no cer- 
tainty whatever that what he 
had to do would be properly 
done. Were it dependent upon 
him that the farm should bring 
in a profit, there is no doubt 
there would be little chance of 
its doing so. 

Some time previous to his 
death, he removed to Pentwyn. 
But though his mortal remains 
lie near the chapel at this place, 
few think of connecting his 
name with Pentwyn. Previous 
indeed to removing to Pentwyn, 
he had left Llwynffortun for 
Cross Inn, where he lost his first 
wife and married his second. 
When he lived at the latter 
place his portrait was taken, 
lithograph copies of which are 
to be met with in hundreds of 
homes, especially in South 

As his end drew near his 
bodily infirmities confined him 
very much to his home. In- 
deed, during the last year of his 
life, he seldom went anywhere 
except to the chapel at Pentwyn. 
He chose his burial place in 
front of this chapel, after which 
he never attended a service with- 
out standing a few moments 
upon the spot in meditation and 

prayer. " Bury me here," he 
would say, "don't place me near 
the wall, lest I be under 
the droppings of the eaves." 
His hope of eternal life 
was sure and steadfast. A 
few days ere he breathed his 
last, he said to his wife, ' ' I 
shall not be lost; no, no." 
When asked had he enjoyed any 
recent pleasant experience. 
" Oh, yes, yes," 'he replied with 
the tears flowing down his 
cheeks, " He that believeth in 
the Son shall not be condemned ; 
no one has ever been lost that 
believeth in the Son, and I be- 
lieve with all my heart." Thus, 
the truth which he had preached 
to others through a long minis- 
terial life sustained and cheered 
his own spirit in his latest 
hours upon earth. He died 
October 6th, 1847, aged 68 years, 
after having been for over fifty 
years one of the sweetest and 
most popular preachers Wales 
has ever produced. Hanes 
Bywyd y Parch John Evans, 
Ll-wynffortun ; Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xvii. page 353 ; Cofiant y Parch. 
John Jones, Talsarn, vol. ii. 
page 872 ; Y Traethodydd, vol. 
iv. page 504. 

EMLYN, Carmarthen, was one of 
the early preachers. Y Drysor- 
fa, vol. xiv. page 181. 

Cardiganshire, was one of the 
early preachers. 

HENDRE, Carmarthenshire, is in- 


eluded in the list of deceased 
preachers in the Drysorfa, 1844. 

GROES, Pembrokeshire, died 
December 25th, 1839, aged 85 
years, having been a preacher of 
the Gospel for 60 years. Dur- 
ing this period he had seen 
Bwlchygroes chapel built three 
times. He accompanied Rev. 
David Griffiths, Nefern, on sev- 
eral of his itinerancies through 
North and South Wales. Mr. 
Griffiths testified that there was 
no man more acceptable in 
North Wales. His talents were 
not bright, but he stood high 
in the esteem of the people be- 
cause of his genuine Christian 
character. " He was faithful 
unto death." Though so old 
at the time of his death, he 
preached at Bwlchygroes on 
Dec. 8th, with as much freedom 
as ever. He was buried at 
Clycndy. Y Drysorfa, 1840, 
page 95. 

Glamorganshire, was one of 
the early preachers. 

LLWYN, Anglesea, was one of 
the early acceptable preachers of 
his county. He began to preach 
at Amlwch, and was a fluent 
speaker. Some disagreement 
between him and one of the dea- 
cons of the church led to his 
withdrawal for a time from the 
Methodists, when he joined the 
Independents. He subsequently 
returned to his old fold, but he 

was not restored to preach. 
Methodistiaeth Man, page 116. 

GYNWYDD, Montgomeryshire. 
His name is in the list of exhort- 
ers who were acknowledged to 
be such at the Association held 
at Tyddyn, Montgomeryshire, 
in April, 1745. He did not 
however continue any length 
of time after this in the capa- 
city of a preacher, though he 
did not withdraw from the 
cause altogether. 

YFON, Cardiganshire, was a 
preacher of the Gospel for 
twelve years, and died in the 
year 1805. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 32. 

CWM, Carmarthenshire, known as 
RISIART IFAN, was a contempor- 
ary of John Evans, Senior, Cil- 
ycwm. His ministry is said to 
have been effectual to the con- 
version of many from the error 
of their ways, and in leading 
them to the foot of the Cross, 
where they found rest for their 
souls and the hope of eternal 
life within the veil. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 


about the year 1750, and began 
to preach when he was twenty 
years of age. He was a weaver 
by trade, and preaching services 
were often held in his factory. 
About this time persecution of 
the rougher sort had begun to 


cease in the district, but that of 
circulating base and unfounded 
scandals concerning the char- 
acter of the private society 
meetings was yet continued : 
these meetings were called 
weddi dywell (dark prayer), 
and insinuations of a gross 
character were spread regard- 
ing them. About the year 
1778, reports of this kind were 
made respecting the services 
held at Groesffordd. A magis- 
trate named Mr. Kyffin, living 
in the neighbourhood, at 
Manen, came to the service one 
night rather the worse for drink, 
accompanied by a number of 
rough youths. Upon entering, 
the gentleman asked, "What are 
you doing here?" 

Robert Evans calmly replied, 
' ' Counselling each other, sir, in 
regard to the things of eternal 

" Where is ' the dark prayer ' 
with you?" asked the gentle- 

" Indeed, Sir, it is often dark 
enough upon us, when we try to 
pray," replied Evans. 

"Can you preach?" asked the 

" Occasionally, Sir, I exhort 
a little," was the reply. 

".Well, you must preach for 
me now," said the magistrate. 

Evans excused himself from 
attempting to do so : but the 
gentleman would not take a re- 
fusal. So he was constrained 
to commence, having for an 

audience the magistrate and his 
rough companions and the few 
members of the society who had 
come together. Upon descend- 
ing from the pulpit, Evans was 
highly praised by the magistrate 
and was told by him to continue 
in the work, and placed a 
sovereign in his hand for his 
"capital sermon." This event 
was the end of all persecution 
of the cause at Llanrwst. Evans 
is reported to have been a good 
preacher : it was thought that 
he would have become one of 
the brightest stars of North 
Wales. He was a great read- 
er, mighty in the Scriptures, 
and possessed of bright talents. 
But his early death destroyed 
the bright hopes cherished of 
him. Upon returning home 
from London, whither he had 
gone to preach to the few Welsh 
who had begun to gather them- 
selves together for religious 
purposes, he was riding on the 
top of the coach which iad 
reached Market Street, 28 miles 
from London. Whilst they 
were changing horses, his at- 
tention was fixed in meditation 
looking at the stars. The 

coach suddenly started, and he 
losing his balance fell to the 
ground upon his head and died 
within ten minutes. This took 
place May 25, 1782, when he was 
but 32 years of age. The friends 
in London buried him res- 
pectably, and collected .60 for 
his widow and three orphan 
children. DrycJi yr Amser- 


oedd, page 181 ; Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, page 185. 

UWCHLLYN, Merionethshire, 

came here from Carnarvonshire. 

Monmouthshire, died October 
iSth, 1835, in the fifty-second 
year of his age, leaving a widow 
and five children to deplore his 
loss. In his early years he 
was conspicuous for his ungod- 
liness, but for the last twenty- 
eight years of his life, he was a 
bright and beautiful Christian, 
and for twenty years a preacher 
of the Gospel. He was for some 
time before his death a compara- 
tive invalid, oftentimes going to 
preach when he should have re- 
mained at home. His general 
life was an embodiment of the 
doctrines he preached,. As a 
man and Christian there were 
two features which character- 
ised him he was no flatterer in 
a man's presence, and he always 
spoke the best of every man in 
his absence. His remains were 
buried at Babell. 

MARTHEN, was the son of Mr. 
David Evans, Bwlchycoed, near 
New Inn, Carmarthenshire, and 
was born March i5th, 1785. He 
joined the church at New Inn, 
when he was 18 years of age. 
For some time he worked with 
his father on the farm. In 
1813 he was appointed by his 
father to superintend a number 
of men whom he had engaged 
for felling the trees of a large 

wood he had bought. It is said 
that in the evenings he 
gathered the men together anci 
got them to learn portions of 
the Scriptures. The elders of 
the church, recognizing his 
pious disposition and his desire 
to instruct the people, pressed 
him to enter the ministry. 
For a time he shrank from the 
work, but at last he yielded to 
their request, and went to Car- 
marthen to attend the Presbyt- 
erian College, presided over by 
the Rev. David Peters. In 1816, 
he opened a school in the town 
on his own account, and about 
the same time married a Mrs. 
Morgan, Bridge Street. In 1826, 
he was ordained to the full work 
of the ministry. He never tra- 
velled much, yet he rendered 
great service to the Lord's work 
in the town and neighbourhood, 
especially in connection with 
the children and young people. 
In 1830, he lost his wife, and in 
1833 ne married a Miss Llew- 
ellyn, King Street. For some 
years he was co-secretary with 
the Rev. Ebenezer Richard of 
the South Wales Association, 
and was appointed in conjunc- 
tion with him and the Rev. D. 
Charles, Junior, to make a sel- 
ection of Hymns for the use of 
the Connexion in South Wales. 
He also published a little book 
for children entitled "Ymborth 
Beunyddiol," and a Welsh edi- 
tion of Watt's "First Catec- 
hism." In 1836 he removed to 
Llanstephan in the hope that 


9 1 

the change would benefit his 
health. He applied himself here 
to the work of the church with 
the same faithfulness as at Car- 
marthen. He got the friends 
to renovate and enlarge the 
chapel, and he had the joy of 
seeing the work completed and 
paid for. His health, however, 
did not improve, and he died 
February 6th, 1839, a ged 54 
years. He was a very genial 
and loveable man, very punctual 
at all the services of the sanctu- 
ary, and great in prayer. The 
sphere of his labour was not 
wide, but no one ever was more 
faithful at his home and within 
the bounds of his Monthly 
Meeting. Bywgraffiad y Parch. 
.Thomas Evans, Caerfyrddin. 

near CAERGWRLE, Flintshire, 
opened a school at Estyn when 
he was sixteen years of age. At 
-eighteen he began to preach, but 
his career was short; he died 
Oct. 5th, 1843, when he was but 
twenty years of age. A well- 
written Elegy to his memory, 
consisting of 22 stanzas, ap- 
peared on the cover of the Dry- 
sorfa, May 1844. 


DOVERY, Carmarthenshire, was 

"bred and born at Llandovery, 

and began to preach about 

the same time as Dr. Thomas 

Phillips, Hereford. His career 

was short. Methodistiaeth 

Cymru, vol. ii. page 355. 

TNEY, Monmouthshire, was a fair- 

ly acceptable preacher, and died 
about the year 1844. He was 
neat and prim in his dress, and 
married a lady from Forest 
Coalpit, near Abergavenny. 
After his death, his two child- 
ren, a son and a daughter, were 
brought up by their grand- 
mother at the Forest; and the 
son became a popular singer. 
Personal Knowledge. 

FAWR, Carnarvonshire, was 
among the earliest resident 
preachers of his county, and 
laboured hard for the further- 
ance of the cause of Christ un- 
der great difficulties and in face 
of much opposition. He was 
an able reasoner and very ac- 
ceptable as a preacher. In some 
respects he excelled his fellow 
labourers. When any important 
matter of discipline or of any 
other character was under con- 
sideration he was considered to 
be the most honest and out- 
spoken of the brethren in Car- 
narvonshire, yet his reproofs 
would be taken without offence. 
Robert Jones, Rhoslan, in his 
Drych yr Amseroedd, speaks of 
him as " a man of a gentle and 
friendly disposition, honest and 
sincere, his preaching gifts 
were clearness and force, very 
suitable to the ignorant hearers 
of his day. His growth in his 
gifts and usefulness were very 
manifest, as he ripened for 
glory." The fell disease, 
consumption, took him away 
September 4th, 1788, when he 


was but 48 years of age. He 
made one tour of six weeks 
through South Wales. The 
church at Waenfawr was the 
mother church of the church 
at Carnarvon, and Thomas 
Evans declared that when he at 
first visited Carnarvon there 
was no one who would give 
him even a cup of cold water. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 155; Drych yr Amseroedd, 
page 189. 

FFRAW, Anglesea, came to Aber- 
ffraw about the year 1780, when 
he was elected by the small 
church to the diaconate, and 
soon after he began to preach. 
He excelled many of his breth- 
ren in ministerial gifts, and at- 
tained to considerable popular- 
ity. He was moreover exceed- 
ingly faithful in every branch 
of the work. On the Sunday, 
when Mr. Richard Lloyd, after- 
wards of Beaumaris, and his 
two companions, were suddenly 
and unexpectedly led to make 
enquiries for a preaching ser- 
vice in the neighbourhood on 
the evening of that day, they 
heard that William Evans was 
to preach at Cemmaes bach. 
They attended the service and 
it was a turning point in their 
lives. He was the first who 
preached to the few Welsh in 
the storehouse, York Street, 
Manchester ; this was in Octo- 
ber, 1796. The Rev. Robert 
F,van Missionary in Khasia is 
one of his descendants. The 

date of his death is not known, 
but he died in the prime of his 
life at Gwalchmai chapel- 
house. Methodistiaeth "MLon, 
pages 88 and 116. 

ARIAN, near BALA, Merioneth- 
shire, was one of the early 
preachers, bred and born in the 
district of Bala. He was a. 
farmer, living on his own farm, 
and thus he was a man of in- 
dependent means He took a 
most prominent part in pioneer 
work, preaching in out-of-the- 
way places where the Gospel 
had not previously been de- 
clared. He faced dangers and" 
difficulties in a fearless manner 
and passed through many a 
perilous scene. His labours 
were incessant, and his style of" 
preaching was impressive. He- 
became familiar with the rav- 
ings of the mob. At Penrhyn, 
Trawsfynydd, Llanarmon, 

Llangollen, and other places, 
he faced the enemy without- 
flinching, and the Lord blessed" 
his labours in a pre-eminent 
degree His efforts were so bold, 
courageous, and effective, that 
it is a pity his deeds have not 
been recorded far more fully. 
When preaching on one occasion 
at a Monthly Meeting in a loft 
at Brynygogau, as he des- 
cribed the travail of the Sa- 
viour's soul in His redemptive- 
work, such was the power that 
accompanied the preaching that 
two of the most respectable- 
farmers of the neighbourhood' 



fell on their knees, and their 
tears flowed freely. Sometime 
before he died he had a par- 
alytic stroke which affected his 
memory, and weakened his in- 
tellectual faculties. Some of 
his poetry was printed : i. 
" Marwnad i Jane, gwraig Mr. 
T. Foulkes, o'r Bala, Trefecca, 
1786." (Mr. Foulkes' first wife, 
and Mr. Charles' mother-in- 
law). 2. " Llyf r Hymnau 
bychan, o waith W. Evans ac E. 
Parry, Llansannan." Method- 
istiaetJi Cymru, vol. i. page 516 ; 
Drych yr Amseroedd, pages 175, 
213 ; Enwogion Swydd Feirion, 
page 64. 

MEL, Radnorshire, was one of 
the first exhorters in his county, 
and had charge of the churches 
at Llanddewi, Llandegley, and 
Llandrindod. James Ingram 
writing of him to Howel Har- 
ries, says, " The Lord is bles- 
sing William Evans wonder- 
fully. The fire kindled by him 
at Llanybister is similar to that 
kindled at Llangeitho." We 
read of him on one occasion ac- 
companying Thomas James, 
Crickadarn, to a feast at Llan- 
vihangel, when his face was be- 
smeared with dung and filth; 
and both he and James were 
roughly handled by the mob. 
He was of humble station in life 
and was aided by the societies of 
his district. He was spoken 
of as a most genial and godly 
man. MethodistiaetJi Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 318. 

LLYN, Merionethshire, was the 
brother of Edward Foulk, Dol- 
gelley, who was also a preacher 
with the Methodists. Evan re- 
ceived his first religious impres- 
sions under the ministry of the 
Congregationalists, but he 
joined the Methodists soon after 
they formed a church, which was 
held at his house, the Pandy, be- 
fore a chapel was built. He was 
the first preacher who began at 
Llanuwchllyn, and soon became 
popular. He itinerated a good 
deal through both North and 
South Wales. He was a mighty 
man on his knees. In his 
earlier years he suffered con- 
siderable persecution from his 
wife, who was embittered ag- 
ainst him because of his reli- 
gion. She was a shrew of a 
woman and would do anything 
she could which she knew would 
annoy and provoke him. She 
would often do things on the 
Sabbath which needed not to 
be done simply to vex his soul. 
Ultimately she modified her op- 
position, and he continued 
seeking to serve the Master and 
became an effective preacher, 
though rather rustic in his ap- 
pearance. On one of his itin- 
erancies in South Wales, ac- 
companied by Dafydd Rolant, 
he was announced to preach on 
a Fair Day at Llansawel, Car- 
marthenshire, July 1 5th, 1822. 
A great number of people came 
to the Fair from Talyllychau 
and the district around, bring- 



ing wool in great sacks on their 
horses. The service was an- 
nounced to be held at 8 or 9 
o'clock in the morning, so that 
it might be over oefore the Fair 
commenced. Scores of the 
farmers fastened their horses, 
with a sack of wool on their 
backs by the hedge on the road- 
side, and went to the service, 
which proved a very glorious 
one. The preachers remained 
with the congregation until mid- 
day, when they left for dinner 
so as to reach Llanfynydd in 
time for the afternoon service. 
When they passed the chapel, 
after having had their din- 
ner, the people were still re- 
joicing, and their horses were 
still alongside the hedge with 
the woolsacks on their backs. 
Rev. Owen Jones, B.A., in his 
life of Dafydd Rolant, says of 
Evan Foulk that he was as ac- 
ceptable a preacher in South 
Wales as John Elias. Both Mr. 
Charles, Carmarthen, and Eben- 
ezer Morris declared that they 
were astonished at the clear- 
ness and purity of his theology. 
In speaking he had a great 
fashion of finishing his sen- 
tences with the expression "i ti" 
(there for you). He would do 
so in the vernacular even when 
preaching in English, which 
caused some perplexity and 
amusement to his English hear- 
ers, who were anxious to know 
what this "i ti " was. Revs. 
Foulk Evans, Machynlleth, and 
Robert Evans, Roewen, were his 

sons. He died April 8th, 1837. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i. 
page 614; Hanes Methodistiaeth 
Dwyrain Meirionydd., page 135 ; 
Cofiant y Parch. Dafydd Ro- 
lant, page 76. 

joined the church at Mold in 
the year 1762, when he was nine- 
teen years of age. The so- 
ciety at the time consisted of but 
fourteen members. He was 
first chosen to the diaconate, and 
then in 1806, he became an ex- 
horter, though he never con- 
sidered himself much qualified 
for the office. He seldom went 
from home to preach, and even 
at home he would be unwilling 
to enter the pulpit, or preach 
in the hearing of any other 
preacher. From these facts it 
will be seen that he had a very 
low estimate of himself. Yet 
he was a pillar of the cause 
at Mold for more than 60 years. 
He died April 8th, 1823, aged 
80 years. One of his last say- 
ings was, " I would not take the 
whole world for the hope I 
have in Christ." Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii. page 282. 

YNLLETH, was born at Llan drill o 
in Edeyrn, Merionethshire, in 
the year 1731. When 23 years 
of age he left home for England, 
and resided for some time near 
Chester, where he was converted 
under a sermon by the Rev. 
John Wesley. In about twelve 
months' time he removed to 
Bala, and at once joined the 



Methodist church, which was in 
its infancy and very weak. Ere 
long he began to preach, and 
though his preaching gifts 
were not bright, he was second 
to no one in faithfulness. Like 
many of his contemporaries, he 
endured much persecution and 
braved many dangers and hard- 
ships, through his efforts to 
spread the Gospel. On one oc- 
casion when preaching at 
Maentwrog he was thrown into 
the river by the opponents of 
the Gospel. He was married 
three times. His first wife who 
died shortly after her marriage, 
was the daughter of Griffith. 
Sion, one of the exhorters of 
the church at Bala. His sec- 
ond wife was Mrs. Jane Jones, 
a widow who kept a shop at 
Bala, and had one child by 
her former husband. This child, 
in the course of time, became 
the wife of the Rev. Thomas 
Charles. To her, Mr. Foulkes, 
having acquired a competency, 
gave the business. In two years 
after his second wife's death, he 
married Miss Lydia Lloyd a 
sister of the Rev. Simon Lloyd, 
B.A., Bala. His family in- 
creasing, he resolved upon re- 
starting in business, but he 
shrank from doing so at Bala 
in opposition to his step-daugh- 
ter. So he chose Machynlleth, 
specially because the Method- 
ist cause was exceedingly weak 
in the town, and it lay on the 
course of many of the preachers 
of South Wales as they journey- 

ed to the North, and to whom he 
thought he might render some 
help. The Lord prospered 
him in his new enterprise, and 
his presence at Machynlleth 
proved a priceless boon to Meth- 
odism in the town and district. 
His generosity to the poor was 
proverbial. On a certain day 
every year, as the winter ap- 
proached, he gave flannel, 
cloth, &c., to the poor to the 
value of 40 or ,50, besides his; 
ordinary daily gifts. Through 
his ceaseless kindness and gen- 
eral character he completely 
overcame the deep prejudice that 
existed in many minds against 
the Methodists. Whilst dilig- 
ent and prosperous in busi- 
ness, he was devoted to the 
work of the Master. He often 
travelled from 40 to 50 miles: 
on the Sabbath to preach the 
Gospel in districts where it was 
seldom or never heard, taking- 
a little bread and cheese in his 
pocket that he might not burden 
the poor people of the locality 
where he held the services. He 
died in 1802, aged 71 years, 
leaving a widow and six 
children one of whom, Lydia, 
was the mother of the late Rev. 
John Foulkes Jones, B.A., Mach- 
ynlleth. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. i. page 501 ; vol. ii. page 
352 ; Methodistiaeth Dwyrain- 
Meirionydd, page 57 ; Y TraetJi- 
odydd, vol. vi. page 398; Cof- 
iant y Parch. J. Foulkes Jones,. 
Machynlleth, page 16. 


-FRO, Pembrokeshire, was one of 
the early preachers of Method- 
ism at Glanrhyd and frequently 
conducted services at Cardigan. 
MetJiodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 324. 

Pembrokeshire, was one of the 
early preachers of his county. 
He frequently preached at 
Woodstock. Methodistiaeth 

Cymru, vol. ii. page 309. 

WOODSTOCK, Pembrokeshire, 
was one of the early, active and 
earnest preachers in the county 
of Pembroke. MetJiodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 309. 

TON, Monmouthshire, was born 
in the parish of Machen, near 
Newport, in the year 1750. He 
was a blacksmith by trade. In 
his early life he was perfectly 
thoughtless of his spiritual in- 
terests. When about nineteen 
years of age, however, he was 
Tbrought into the service of 
Christ, and joined the Congre- 
gationalists at Groeswen. Here 
he soon began to take a lively 
concern in divine things. When 
26 years of age, through the 
persuasion of the brethren, he 
commenced to preach. Soon 
after this he left Machen for 
-Castleton, where the people were 
in greatest spiritual darkness ; 
there was no chapel within sev- 
eral miles. On Communion 
Sunday he attended divine ser- 
vice at Llangan, where he joined 

the Methodists. He then be- 
gan to hold public religious ser- 
vices in his own house; but 
these had to be discontinued for 
a time as his landlord threat- 
ened to take the smithy from 
him. He then started a cause 
at Llaneurwg, and ultimately 
formed a church at Castleton ; 
and yet another at Morfa. He 
was looked upon by some as the 
father of Methodism in Mon- 
mouthshire. Howel Harris 
had traversed the county on 
his preaching tours many years 
previously, but much of the re- 
sults had passed away. For 
some years Goslet was the only 
Calvinistic Methodist preacher 
in the county, and thus he often 
said in a jocular mood that 
"he was the greatest Meth- 
odist preacher in the county." 
At that time it was neces- 
sary that a preacher should 
have a license from the 
Quarter Sessions to conduct re- 
ligious services, or he would be 
liable to fines and imprison- 
ment. Goslet therefore made 
application for a license. When 
he appeared before the Magis- 
trates, he was asked, " What are 
you a farmer or a mechanic?" 
" I am a blacksmith, Sir," was 
his reply. " Heaven bless 
thee," said the magistrate in a 
scornful tone, ridiculing the 
thought that such a man should 
seek permission to preach. Gos- 
let quickly caught up the words 
and added, "Amen; your bless- 
ing and that of God's will do 



well." He had an iron constitu- 
tion, and would often travel on 
foot thirty miles after finish- 
ing his work late on Saturday 
night, to fulfil his preaching 
engagement on Sunday, and 
then return home again in time 
to start work early on Monday 
morning, as he could not afford 
to lose his ordinary earnings by 
his occupation. He was a man of 
strong will and quaint speech, 
and did much good service in 
the Lord's vineyard. He died 
in 1828, aged 78 years, having 
been a preacher of the Gospel 
for 52 years. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii 357 ; Y Tadau 
Methodistaidd, vol. ii. page 


MEURIG, Cardiganshire, was a 
native of Morristou, near Swan- 
sea. He was of humble parent- 
age, and had no early educa- 
tional, training, religious or 
secular. He spent his young 
manhood as a collier, and was, 
proverbial for his ungodliness. 
His drunken habits, apparently, 
saved him on one occasion from 
a calamitous end. It happened 
thus : he was sent by the col- 
liery manager on a message to 
Neath. Before his return he 
got drunk, and turned into a 
field where he slept. A person 
who knew him passing by awoke 
him, and startled him by the 
words "What! is it you, Tom 
Gray, are here ? I thought you 
had been in hell some time !" 
He then explained that there 

had been a fatal accident at the 
pit, through that the rope of the 
bucket whereby his fellow 
workmen were let down into 
the pit, had broken, and the 
men were all killed. He was 
so affected by the news that it 
led him to consider his ways 
and to forsake his old habits. 
He at once began to attend the 
house of God, and soon joined 
the Congregational church at 
Mynyddbach, near Swansea. 
He moreover took much inter- 
est in the cause and revealed an 
aptitude to speak for Jesus and 
to convince sinners of the error 
of their ways. The leaders of 
the churches therefore encour- 
aged him to become a candidate 
for the ministry; and he short- 
ly afterwards went to the Con- 
gregational College at Aber- 
gavenny. Whilst here he heard 
the Rev. Daniel Rowland, Llan- 
geitho, preach in a neighbour- 
ing church. The sermon had 
a marvellous impression on his 
mind. Indeed he became almost 
incapacitated for a' time to 
pursue his studies ; his mind 
was almost unhinged. At the 
end of his college course he was 
recommended by his tutor to the 
Congregational churches of 
Abermeurig, Llwynpiod and 
Neuaddlwyd, Cardiganshire, as 
their pastor. These churches 
were not far from Llangeitho. 
After a period of probation he 
received and accepted a call to 
the pastorate, and he at once be- 
came intimately acquainted with 

Q 8 


the Rev. Daniel Rowland. He 
soon entered into an arrange- 
ment to preach for him once 
a month on Sunday after- 
noons in Gwynfil chapel, which 
Rowland had erected for him- 
self at Llangeitho, after his ex- 
pulsion, by the Bishop from the 
Established Church. This ar- 
rangement continued to the end 
of Rowland's life. The Con- 
gregational church at Neuadd- 
Iwyd did not remain long under 
his charge. In consequence of 
his close intimacy with Row- 
land, and his sympathy with 
the Methodist practices, some of 
the leading members were dis- 
pleased and got his dismissal. 
But others, especially one Mr. 
Thomas Davies, Ty'nyporth, 
who was a vigorous and inde- 
pendent man, had a chapel built 
for him at Ffosyffin, where his 
preaching was exceedingly at- 
tractive and eminently blessed. 
It is said that people from thir- 
teen parishes attended his minis- 
try in this chapel. Two other 
sanctuaries were also erected for 
him, one at Llanarth, the other 
at Llanddewi-Aberarth. These 
three chapels were from the first 
looked upon as Methodist 
chapels. It is not certain 
that Mr. Gray formally 
joined the Methodists at any 
time : but this is clear, 
he looked upon himself as one 
of the fraternity. He did not, 
even from the first, associate 
with the Congregationalists at 
any of their large gatherings, 

whilst he constantly attended 
those of the Methodists, and took 
part in their proceedings. The 
members of the churches at 
Abermeurig and Llwynpiod 
gradually came to conform with 
the ways of the Methodists, 
though some of the senior mem- 
bers were slow in adapting 
themselves to the change. Ul- 
timately, shortly after Mr. 
Gray's death, the two churches 
became definitely affiliated with 
the Methodist movement. Mr. 
Gray was a very popular 
preacher at the Quarterly As- 
sociations, and was looked upon 
as a pillar among the brethren. 
At first, his language and fig- 
ures of speech were a little 
course, but under the influence 
of Mr. Rowland he became more 
refined and threw off what was 
objectionable. He died in the 
year 1810, having been a 
preacher for 50 years, and leav- 
ing behind him a name and in- 
fluence of sweetest fragrance. 
He was buried in the parish 
churchyard of Nantcwnlle. 
Methodistiaeth De A berteifi, 
page 202 ; Drysorfa, vol. 
xviii., page 86; vol. xxv. page 
113; Y Tadau Methodistaidd, 
vol. ii. page 133. 

AEROJf, Cardiganshire, the son 
of Mr. William Green, of the 
same place, was born February 
22nd, 1815. His parents were 
members of the Methodist 
church. From a child he was 
of a religious disposition. 



When 13 years of age, like many 
well-to-do boys in South Wales 
in his day, he was sent to a 
school at Bristol, conducted by 
the Rev. G. Pococke. It was 
observed soon after he returned 
home that his heart was fixed 
upon becoming a preacher; but 
he delayed carrying forth his 
purpose until after his mar- 
riage, which took place Janu- 
ary igth, 1836 his bride being 
Miss Elizabeth Thomas, a mem- 
ber of the same church. Shortly 
after, at the request of the 
church, he began to preach, and 
his services at once won for him 
the highest esteem. But his 
ministerial life was short. In 
June, 1837, he went to London 
upon business. On his return 
he felt poorly, but no one sus- 
pected death to be near. How- 
ever, he died July aoth, 1837, 
leaving a widow and one son 
to deplore his loss. He was of 
a kind, gentle, and humble dis- 
position, faithful in all sections 
of the work of God. Christian 
affability was written on his 
countenance. He was not 
easily offended, nor did he ever 
seek to return evil for evil. He 
died gloriously. An apprecia- 
tive sketch of him by the Rev. 
Jenkin Davies, and also some 
very fine stanzas by Daniel Ddu 
o Geredigion, appeared in the 
Drysorfa for November, 1838. 
The Rev. Abel Green was his 

VVOOD, Pembrokeshire. During 

the years of his health and 
strength, he was one of the lead- 
ing preachers of South Wales, 
but during the later years of 
his life, he was unable to take 
the active part in the ministry 
he was accustomed to do. Never- 
theless, he continued to labour 
with great acceptance at his 
home and in the neighbourhood. 
Testimony was borne continu- 
ally to the efficacy of his min- 
istry during his active life^ His 
praise was not only in the 
churches of his own Monthly 
Meeting, but also in all the 
churches of the Connexion in 
both North and South Wales. He 
was ordained in the year 1814, 
and died June 28th, 1845, hav- 
ing been a preacher for 40 
years, and an ordained minister 
31 years. Methodistiaetk 

Cymric, vol. ii. page 325. 

VERN, Pembrokeshire, was one of 
the fathers of Welsh Methodism, 
although he never left the Es- 
tablished Church ; and moreover 
he was so utterly opposed to 
the course pursued by the Meth- 
odists when they ordained lay 
preachers to the full work of the 
ministry in 1811 that he with- 
drew entirely from the move- 
ment, though he had been pro- 
minently associated with it for 
more than thirty years. 
Through his pulpit eloquence, 
devout life and social position, 
he was for many years one of 
the leading spirits among the 
Methodists, especially in Pern- 



brokeshire. His influence was 
great. The determined stand 
which he and the Rev. David 
Jones, Llangan, made against 
the ordination of lay preachers 
delayed considerably the deci- 
sion ultimately arrived at. He 
was a host in himself, and many 
of the laymen did not like to 
oppose him. His ministry had 
been to them a source of delight 
and profit. They highly re- 
spected his character, convic- 
tions and abilities, but the need 
of the churches was too keenly 
felt, and the tide of feeling 
and conviction became too 
strong for him and the clerical 
party to resist successfully. 
When he saw the purpose of or- 
daining the preachers accom- 
plished, he withdrew from his 
alliance with the Methodist 
movement altogether, though he 
still continued to itinerate and 
preach in the churches of Pem- 
brokeshire as he had been wont 
to do. At the time of his with- 
drawal he took with him a num- 
ber of chapels in Pembrokeshire 
of which he was a Trustee. 

He was a native of Lampeter 
Velfry, Pembrokeshire, and was 
born, at Felin Lan, near Nar- 
berth in the year 1756. He re- 
ceived his early education in a 
Grammar School at Pembroke. 
When about 18 years of age, he 
became a private tutor in the 
family of Mr. Bowen, Llwyn- 
gwair one of the old aristo- 
cratic families of the county, 
and one too which was in full 

touch with the religious move- 
ment originated and developed 
by Howell Davies and his co- 
workers. At Llwyngwair he 
frequently enjoyed the company 
of the leaders of Methodism, 
who were frequent guests. In 
Oct. 1779, he entered the Church 
and received Deacon's Orders, 
and the following year Priest's 
Orders. About this time . he 
married Mr. Bowen's eldest 
daughter, and thus became even 
more closely connected with this 
highly esteemed family than be- 

He was a most popular 
preacher. He was blessed with 
a fine physique, and, accord- 
ing to the custom of the time, in 
the higher circles of society, 
he powdered his hair, which 
gave him a very majestic ap- 
pearance. His social position, 
combined with his noble bearing, 
pious character, and pulpit 
qualities, gave him considerable 
influence. Shortly after he re- 
ceived Priest's Orders, the liv- 
ing of Nevern became vacant, 
and, through the influence of his 
father-in-law, it was bestowed 
upon him by the Lord Chancel- 

The Rev. Daniel Rowland 
held him in high esteem. He 
one day addressed him thus 
" My beloved son, I am very- 
happy to perceive that you have 
met with the vein, the golden 
vein of the ministry ; take care 
that you keep to it, giving the 
glory to God at all times." He 



assisted Mr. 'Rowland a good 
deal at the large gatherings at 
Llangeitho. Although it was 
forty miles distant, he was pre- 
sent almost every month for 
many years to assist at the Com- 
munion service. 

Through his long life, he kept 
rather closely to the practice of 
preaching in consecrated places 
only. He was a self-willed 
man, not easily diverted from 
his course : few indeed would 
dare oppose him. On one oc- 
casion he was on a preaching 
tour with the Rev. D. Jones, 
Llangan, officiating in such 
churches as were open for them. 
One morning, both preached in 
some church in Monmouthshire. 
Though the audience was large, 
the service was a heavy one. Mr. 
Jones was announced to preach 
in the afternoon at a farm 
house in the neighbourhood. Mr. 
Griffiths, out of courtesy, ac- 
companied him, without the 
slightest intention of taking 
part in the service, as the place 
was unconsecrated. The day 
being fine, a crowd of people 
came together, and Mr. Jones 
preached on a horse-block out- 
side the house Mr. Griffiths 
sitting near him. When Mr. 
Tones finished, the farmer 
brought the Bible to Mr. Grif- 
fiths, saying in an authorita- 
tive tone " You, sir, must 
preach the people are expect- 
ing you." He at once posi- 
tively refused. Upon this, the 
man threw his arms around him 

and placed him on the horse- 
block. Feeling that he had no- 
thing to do but submit, he 
yielded, and never before had 
he such a fine opportunity. 
Heaven seemed to come down 
upon him and the people, and 
many were saved. He was ever 
afterwards more ready to preach 
wherever an opportunity would 

He was one of the trustees of 
Madame Bevan's money for 
the furtherance of education in 
Wales. This money, amounting 
to ^10,000, was for 30 years 
idle, in consequence of some of 
Madame Bevan's relatives seek- 
ing to break the will. When the 
matter was finally settled, the 
money had accumulated to 
^30,000, which was handed over 
for educational purposes, and 
Mr. Griffiths threw himself with 
much energy into the task of 
carrying out the will of the 

He died Sept. i8th, 1834, 
aged 80 years. Y Tadau Meth- 
odistaidd, vol. ii. page 329. 

WOODSTOCK, Pembrokeshire, was 
one of the early preachers in 
his county, and frequently 
preached at Woodstock. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 



CHWAEN-HEN, Anglesea, in his 
early years, was a fierce perse- 
cutor of the -people whom he 
afterwards joined in holy 
brotherhood and in hearty co- 



operation for the furtherance of 
the Gospel of Christ. He was 
a tall, strong built man. On 
one occasion he joined a com- 
pany of wild fellows in an at- 
tack upon a small congregation 
who were worshipping in a 
house in the neighbourhood of 
his home. He filled his 
pockets with small stones, fully 
purposing to disturb the- ser- 
vice ; but he soon became so 
deeply impressed under the 
sermon that he threw them 
to the floor one by one, and was 
himself captured for Christ. 
He at once cast in his lot with 
the religious people of the dis- 
trict and soon took a very pro- 
minent part in the work. His 
first wife was the daughter of 
William Pritchard, Clwchdyr- 
nog. He was a cautious and 
sensible man, and was consid- 
ered to be the best preacher of 
his class. His services as an 
evangelist were widely and 
eagerly sought in his county. 
The date of his death is not 
known. Metliodistiaeth Man, 
page 61 ; Metliodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. i. page 112. 

FOD, Montgomeryshire, was the 
son of Edward and Margaret 
Griffiths, Rhosfawr, Meifod, 
and was born March i2th, 1778. 
His parents were in the habit of 
attending Church, but his 
mother stealthily attended 
some Methodist services as 
well. Evan, in his youth, took 

a leading part in the evil cus- 
toms of the time, to the great 
grief of his mother. The family 
removed from Rhosfawr to 
Cef ndu, in the parish of Guilds- 
field. In the agreement which 
was made with the landlord of 
Cef ndu, a clause was inserted 
that none of the family was to 
attend Nonconformist services. 
However, when Evan was 
twelve years of age he experi- 
enced some deep religious im- 
pressions. He heard John 
Ellis, of Barmouth, preach, and 
the sermon revealed to him the 
depth of his corruption. After 
this he heard Thos. Meredith 
preach and his ministry 
brought him much comfort, and 
notwithstanding the clause in 
the agreement respecting the 
farm, he joined the Methodist 
Society at Pant, a farm house in 
the parish of Guildsfield. He 
was then fourteen years of age. 
At the time he joined the So- 
ciety, it consisted of only ten 
members. When he was 
seventeen, he lost his father, 
and the following year he was 
chosen a deacon of the Society 
at Pant. He began to preach 
when he was twenty-four. In 
1804, he removed to Ceunant, 
in the parish of Meifod, and 
about the same time he married 
Miss Elizabeth Evans, the 
daughter of Mr. Evans, 
Rhosddu, Llansantffraid. His 
ministry was affectionate and 
suitable to the intelligence of 


his hearers : his circum- 
stances, however, did not per- 
mit him to travel far beyond his 
own Monthly Meeting. His 
positioa as a preacher is indi- 
cated by the fact that he was 
among the first lot of preachers 
ordained in 1811. He died 
September 6th, 1839. His 
Memoir was prepared and pub- 
lished by the Rev. John Hughes, 

shire, was one of the most popu- 
lar preachers of his day. Like 
Robert Roberts, Clynog, he was 
a small hunchbacked man, but 
had a clear and beautiful voice. 
It happened on one occasion 
that he and Robert Roberts 
preached at the same service at 
an Association at Bala. Both 
preached with great power, and 
the Rev. John Jones, Edeyrn, 
remarked in his humorous 
style "Would that we were all 
hunchbacked !" He died from 
home at Merdy Taliesin, near 
Talyllychau, Carmarthenshire. 
An Elegy to his memory was 
composed by one Evan James, 
Llanfachreth, and published at 
Dolgelley, jointly with one to 
the memory of Mr. Thomas 
Foulkes, Machynlleth. 

MARTHEN, was a preacher in the 
early part of the nineteenth 
century. Mr. George Griffiths, 
Penybont, Radnorshire, was his 
son. The Treasury, vol. iv. 
page 27. 

YBONT, Radnorshire, was a na- 
tive of Carmarthen, and was the 
first preacher appointed by the 
Rev. David Charles, in charge 
of the Home Mission Station 
started by him at Penybont in 
1819. His constitution was 
delicate, and he remained but 
a few months in charge of the 
work, and soon after died. 
When at Penybont he preached 
at a house called Brynmawr, 
about a mile from the village. 
The Treasury, vol. iv. page 26. 

FEURIG, Glamorganshire, was a 
man of considerable education, 
and was well-to-do in the 
world. His social position and 
training enabled him to render 
much service to the Methodist 
movement at its very begin- 
ning in the neighbourhood of 
Llantrisant, Tonyrefail, and 
in the Vale of Glamorgan. 

DDANIEL, Anglesea, was a na- 
tive of Lleyn, Carnarvonshire, 
and began to preach in the 
year 1744. He was compelled 
to leave Lleyn because of the 
severity of the persecution of 
those who took an active part 
on the side of religion. Cross- 
ing over to Anglesea he found 
protection in the house of Mr. 
William Pritchard, Bodlew- 
fawr, in the parish of Llan- 
idan, who >had himself been 
under the necessity of leaving 
Carnarvonshire because of his 
religion, and who rendered 



much service to Methodism at its 
very start in Anglesea. Hugh 
Griffith was one day seized by 
the press gang for the army, 
but he succeeded in getting out 
of their clutches, and being 
swift of foot he escaped, though 
they tried hard to catch him. 
He afterwards made his home 
in Anglesea and continued to 
preach to the end of his days, 
and was instrumental in the 
conversion of many. Among 
others were two who became 
preachers Owen Thomas Row- 
lands and Michael Thomas, 
He is said to have been the 
author of the well-known Welsh 
hymn commencing, 

" Dacw'r Deg Gorchymyn pur 

MethodistiaetJi Cymru, vol. i. 
page 82 ; ~M.etliodistia.etli Man, 
page 50. 

ganshire, was one of the early' 

was one of the early exhorters 
in Carnarvonshire. He preach- 
ed at the first Association held 
in the county, which was on the 
road in Clynnog. Drycli yr 
Amseroedd, page 163. 

NANT, Cardiganshire, com- 
menced to preach at Ffosyffin, 
and was a preacher of consider- 
able ability but died young, in 
the year 1819. 

BWLCHYRHIW, Lleyn, was a na- 

tive of Lleyn, Carnarvonshire, 
and was by trade a carpenter 
and sieve maker. After his 
marriage he settled at Bwlchy- 
rhiw, in the parish of Rhiw, 
and in addition to sieve-mak- 
ing he took to the teaching of 
singing with the harp. When 
engaged one da}' at the latter 
task, the thought suddenly oc- 
curred to him that, in the 
course he was pursuing, he was 
hardly acting according to the 
command " speaking to your- 
selves in psalms and hymns and 
spiritual songs, singing and 
making melody in your heart to 
the Lord." This proved a 
crisis in his life. He then 
took to reading the Bible and 
attending preaching services 
when the opportunity would 
offer. He also began to exhort 
people to escape from the 
wrath to come. This was about 
the year 1744. In about three 
or four years a fierce persecu- 
tion arose, and one evening 
when returning home from Sarn- 
folltdeyrn, where he had been 
preaching, he was seized by one 
who had got a summons to 
catch him. He was at the 
time a widower with two child- 
ren, one eight and the other six 
years old. When he was 
brought before the magistrates 
at Pwllheli, his two children 
were placed by his side, and yet 
the cruel magistrate ordered 
him, and a number of others 
who were seized for the same 
reason as he, that of cherishing 


heresy to be sent first to Car- 
narvon and then to Conway. 
When they reached Conway, it 
was a fair day, and a crowd of 
people gathered around them. 
Morgan Griffith addressed them 
and declared that it was not for 
murder, or stealing, or any 
other crime against the laws of 
their country they were there, 
but for reading the Scriptures, 
praying and exhorting each 
other in regard to their soul's 
welfare. Having declared 

their innocence, he exhorted 
the people with great earnest- 
ness to consider their ways and 
turn to the Lord. The result 
was that he and his companions 
were placed on one of his Ma- 
jesty's ships. After a time he 
and one of his fellow sufferers 
came home on furlough. It 
was thought by some that, had 
they attended church and re- 
frained from preaching, they 
would be allowed to remain at 
home, but this they would not 
do, so they were hurried back 
to the ship, when Morgan Grif- 
fith had to choose between be- 
ing shot or relinquish his re- 
ligion. He would not re- 
nounce his religion "and he was 
shot at with blank cartridges. 
He did not live long after this, 
but languished and died. The 
Bible he had when he was seized 
is still preserved. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 129 ; 
Y Drysorfa, vol. Ixxi. page 394. 

DOLGELLEY, was born October 
i3th, 1770. His parents were 
Griffith and Margaret Roberts, 
Dolgelley. When twelve years 
of age he lost his father. His 
secular calling was that of a 
hatter. In its pursuit he spent 
some time in Liverpool, where, 
in the year 1791, he took up 
the Christian profession. In 
May, 1793, he returned to his 
native town, and henceforth re- 
sided there. He at once took 
an active part in connection 
with the work of God, and soon 
developed into a preacher. In 
proof of the esteem in which he 
was held in that capacity, it 
is sufficient to say that he was 
the first lay preacher of his 
Monthly Meeting who was or- 
dained to the full work of the 
ministry : this was in June, 
1815, according to the list of 
ordinations given in "Y Gym- 
deithasfa," but in 1814, ac- 
cording to Revs. J. Hughes, R. 
Owen, and G. Ellis, M.A. He 
never travelled much, though 
he occasionally made preaching 
excursions through both North 
and South Wales. It is said 
that he took special interest in 
the welfare of the young. He 
died July 22nd, 1844, aged 74 
years. His mortal remains 
were interred in Salem chapel, 
Dolgelley, in front of the pul- 
pit the Rev. Richard Hum- 
phreys, Dyffryn, preached on 
the occasion from Rev. xiv.c. 
13. v. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 



vol. i. page 591 ; Methodistiaeth 
Gorllewin Meirionydd, vol. i. 
page 392 ; y Drysor-fa, vol. 
xvii. pages 33, 65; Cofiant y 
Parch. Edward Morgan, page 

LLANWYDDYN, Montgomeryshire, 
was one of the oldest preach- 
ers of the Connexion at the time 
of his death, which took place 
February i6th, 1850. Y Dry- 
sor-fa, 1850, page 123. 

PENIAL, Cardiganshire, was a 
fervent and instructive preach- 
er, a genial man, a bright 
Christian, and exceedingly 
powerful in prayer. He died 
comparatively young. Meth- 
odistiaeth De Aberteifi) page 22. 

LLANWYDDELAN, Montgomery- 
shire, died Dec. 4th, 1840, at 
Llangefni. He was on an 
itinerancy through Merioneth- 
shire, Carnarvonshire and Ang- 
lesea, in company with the Rev. 
Isaac Williams, Llanbrynmair. 
On Nov. 22nd, he took a severe 
cold, but he proceeded on his 
journey until the a6th, when 
he reached Llangefni, where he 
had to take to his bed. Not- 
withstanding the utmost care 
and skill of the physician, he 
gradually grew weaker until De- 
cember 4th, when he passed into 
the joy of his Lord. His re- 
mains were buried at Llan- 


WAENFAWR, Carnarvonshire, 
was one of the earliest preach- 
ers in his county. He and his 
son Mr. John Thomas, Llan- 
beris, were instrumental in 
founding a church at Llwyn- 
celyn, which became known, 
after a chapel was built, as 
Capel Coch. They crossed over 
from Waenfawr for a consider- 
able period to assist in conduct- 
ing the services. The success 
for a time was slow : even after 
five years, the church consisted 
of but sixteen members. He 
died July 5th, 1781, aged 64 
years. In addition to John, 
already mentioned, the well- 
known bard Dafydd Ddu Eryri 
was his son. He kept a 
small shop, and as he would 
not receive money on the Sab- 
bath, some of his customers 
would meet him on his way 
home from church, and offer 
him payment of their debts ; 
and as he declined to receive 
it, they would ever afterwards 
refuse to pay. In this way he 
was oftentimes defrauded. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 154. 

LLANGOLLEN, was one of the 
early preachers of Methodism 
in North Wales. He was a 
cooper by trade. On one oc- 
casion, when residing at Mold, 
before he removed to Llan- 
gollen he made an attempt to 
preach at Rhuddlan. He had 
only just begun when the mob 



pelted him with dung and 

stones, and treated him in a 

.merciless manner. So far as is 
known, this was the first time 

-that any attempt was made to 
battle with the terrible evils of 
the district. At Llangollen, 
he gradually drew around him- 

self a number of the inhabitants 

who delighted to hear him . 


TANLAN, Pembrokeshire, was 
one of the early preachers in 

"his county, and preached fre- 
quently at Woodstock. Meth- 

odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 309. 

in 1758, at Dolgar, in the 
parish of Llanwyddelan, Mont- 
gomeryshire. His parents 
were Humphrey Gwalchmai, 

and his wife Susannah. He 
excelled his fellow youths in 

; ability and learning. Kept in 
school until he was sixteen 
years of age, he was spoken of 

;at the time as a young man of 
superior attainments in the or- 

dinary branches of knowledge. 
His grandfather, Edward 
Gwalchmai, urged that he 
should be sent to Oxford to be- 

come qualified for Holy Orders. 
It was arranged to do so, and 

'he was sent to a school at Llan- 

Tiwchllyn, where he might bet- 
ter qualify himself in Greek 

.-and Latin for the University. 
He remained at this school two 

years, during which period it 
was removed to Bala. At the 
end of the second year, when 
he was nineteen years of age, 
his teacher said to him that he 
was gone beyond him in class- 
ical knowledge. His son, Rev. 
Humphrey Gwalchmai, in pas- 
sing through Bala in the 
year 1809, heard this about 
him. Whilst at Bala he felt 
how wrong it was for any one 
to become a Minister in the 
Church without being convert- 
ed, so he renounced the inten- 
tion of taking Holy Orders, 
and entered the Excise for a 
time. In this vocation he re- 
sided at various places, and then 
returned to Dolgar, when he 
married. He went to hear the 
Methodists, at first occasion- 
ally, and then he joined them, 
and soon became a preacher, and 
rendered much service to the 
churches of Montgomeryshire. 
He died in 1799. Information 
from the -family. 

LLANIDLOES. This eminent and 
active servant of the Lord was 
the son of Mr. Edward 
Gwalchmai, of Llanwyddelan, 
a gentleman of considerable 
property, and also an accept- 
able preacher. He was born at 
Dolgar, in the parish of Llan- 
wyddelan, Jan. i4th, 1788. He 
was a most loveable man, fa- 
voured with a fine physique, and 
was ceaseless in his efforts for 
the furtherance of the Lord's 



Kingdom. He was trained 
from childhood in the fear and 
admonition of the Lord, and be- 
gan to preach at the early age 
of seventeen. When he was 
twenty-five, he removed to Llan- 
idloes, and was ordained to the 
full work of the ministry in 
1819. He was a popular 
preacher ana a man of wide in- 
fluence. In the year 1815, after 
the death of the Rev. Edward 
Watkin, it fell to his lot to take 
the chief care of the church at 
Llanidloes and the district 
round about. His field of lab- 
our was wide, and his work 
heavy, but his soul was in his 
work as evangelist and pastor, 
and specially in connection with 
the Sabbath School. In the 
words of the Rev. John Herbert. 
Newtown, in an article in the 
" Monthly Tidings," Aug. 1888, 
" He studied to make himself 
approved of God, a workman 
that needed not to be ashamed, 
rightly dividing the word of 
truth, and holding fast the 
form of sound words in the 
faith ana! love which are in 
Christ Jesus. His preaching 
was with power and acceptance, 
so that a great multitude be- 
lieved. He travelled much both 
in North and South Wales,, and 
had many very powerful meet- 
ings at some of the Associations 
in both provinces. At one 
time he preached a series of 
sermons on texts from the Song 
of Solomon, and these were the 

common talk of the people., Be- 
ing rather unwell at the time, 
many were afraid that he would 
die before he had gone through 
that wonderful Song." 

He edited " YR ATHRAW " for 
seven 3'ears 1830 36 with great 
ability. This periodical was a. 
great help to those engaged in 
Sabbath School and Temperance 
work, and indeed to all who- 
were interested in the social 
and religious welfare of the 
people. He was unceasing in 
his efforts on behalf of the Sab- 
bath School. We remember a. 
visit he paid to Brecon in our 
early years. The Superintend- 
ent of the Sabbath School was 
an elderly gentleman, highly 
respected and eminently pious,, 
but the good old man had be- 
come infirm and was discharg- 
ing his duties in a perfunctory 
manner to the disadvantage of 
the School. Mr. Gwalchmai 
gave an address on the Sabbath 
School, and succeeded in in- 
ducing the old Superintendent 
to resign his office. Two com- 
paratively young men were el- 
ected in his place, and the 
School made a fresh start. 

He was highly esteemed" 
among his brethren for his zeal, 
ability, piety, and his tenderness- 
in dealing with those who were 
wounded under the ministry of 
the Gospel. No one could be- 
found better qualified to heal 
bruised and broken hearts than 
he, for he had a tender heart 


himself and a gentle haad. As 
a pastor, he fed the flock, 
gathering the lambs with his 
arm, and carrying them in his 
bosom, and gently leading the 
aged ones into green pastures, 
directing them to lie down be- 
side the still waters, where they 
would find rest at noon. 

He was Secretary of the 
North Wales Association for 
about ten years, during which 
lime he took a prominent part 
in the compilation of the " Con- 
fession of Faith." After the 
Confession was published, he 
started a young men's class to 
study the doctrines of the Bible 
as set forth in the Confession. 
His influence at Llanidloes, 
where he spent 30 years of his 
life, was very great : the moral 
and religious change effected 
in the town during this period 
was very marked. In May, 
1842, he removed to Oswestry, 
where he continued his work 
with much zeal and constancy. 
As an index of his activity the 
following record kept by him- 
self for the year 1842 is a suffi- 
cient proof. He attended 7 
Quarterly Associations, four 
in one province and three in the 
other ; io Monthly Meetings ; 16 
special preaching meetings ; 7 
Sabbath School special meet- 
ings ; 23 Catechising services ; 
5 Temperance Festivals ; 16 
Temperance Meetings ; 45 
Church Meetings at home; 127 
Church Meetings at various 

others places ; 48 preaching ser- 
vices at home; preached 225 
times during the year ; travelled 
2,899 m iles 5 received 860 letters, 
and wrote 405. His great 
labours together with anxiety 
caused him by some mining 
and machinery speculations in 
which he was engaged, and 
which did not prove profitable, 
no doubt, hastened his end; for 
he died March 29th, 1847, at the 
comparatively early age of 59 
years. His mortal remains 
were buried at Adfa, Llan- 
wyddelan the Rev. Richard 
Jones, Llanfair, preaching on 
the occasion. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xvii. page 158 ; The Monthly 
Tidings, 1888, page 89; Mont- 
gomeryshire Worthies, page 81. 
STOCK, Pembrokeshire, was the 
son of Mr. John Harris, Tream- 
lod, one of the most remarkable 
of the early preachers of Pem- 
brokeshire. He commenced 
preaching about the year 1784, 
and was among the first lot of 
lay preachers ordained at Llan- 
dilo in 1811. He was a man 
of considerable mental gifts 
and attainments. His charac- 
ter was irreproachable, and his 
influence was great in the 
churches of his Monthly Meet- 
ing. His style of speaking 
was rather heavy, yet his heart 
was brimful of love to the 
brethren and his Master. In 
his temporal circumstances he 
was well-to-do, and was there- 



fore able to devote his time to 
the service of the Lord. He 
often went considerable dis- 
tances to preach or to conduct 
church meetings . on week even- 
ings. He died March 22nd, 
1819. The Rev. Thomas Harris, 
who was for some-, time a 
minister at Haverfordwest, and 
afterwards became a Clergyman 
of the Church of England, was 
his son. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii. page 307. 

Glamorganshire, died April 
ayth, 1850, aged 62 years, hav- 
ing been an acceptable preacher 
for about eighteen years. Y 
Drysorfa, 1850, page 254. 

VECCA, was born at Trevecca 
January 23rd, 1714. His par- 
ents hailed from Carmarthen- 
shire, but settled at Talgarth, 
Breconshire, about the year 
1700. He was the youngest of 
three brothers. Joseph, the 
eldest, held a responsible ap- 
pointment under the Govern- 
ment, and devoted himself to 
the study of astronomy and 
mathematics. Thomas, the sec- 
ond, carried on a large tailor- 
ing business in London, and 
made a 'considerable 'fortune, 
which enabled him to purchase 
the estates of Tregunter and 
Trevecca, and other property 
near by, which brought in a 
rental of about ^Ti,ooo per 
annum. He ultimately settled 
down at Tregunter, where he 

built a large mansion. Had 
Howell sought earthly honours- 
and affluence like his brothers, 
he would no doubt have suc- 
ceeded as they did, for he was 
a man of consummate ability. 
At one time his prospects were 
fairly bright. Had he received 
Holy Orders as he at one time 
expected and desired, he had 
the promise o a Sub-Tutorship 
in a great School and a Bene- 
fice of ^140 per annum. But 
after his conversion, he made 
light of earthly honours and 
rewards, esteeming the reproach 
of Christ greater riches than 
anything the world could give. 
Like Daniel Rowland, his 
great coadjutor in the Revival 
movement, he lost his father 
when he was but eighteen years 
of age. At the time, he was 
wild and reckless in his ways, 
perfectly indifferent to things 
spiritual and eternal. But 
the Lord visited him in mercy, 
and brought to pass the great 
change which turned the cur- 
rent of his life, and led him to 
become one of the three prime 
movers in the religious re- 
formation, known as the Meth- 
odist Revival in Wales, which 
materially changed the religious 
character of the country. On 
the Sunday previous to Easter, 
1735, the Clergyman of the 
parish, after reading publicly 
the usual warning for the' cele- 
bration of the Holy Communion 
on the Sabbath following, made 



certain remarks which came 
home to HowelPs heart with 
great force. He urged upon 
his hearers to come to the Lord's 
Table, using arguments to prove 
the necessity of the Sacrament. 
With much warmth and earnest- 
ness, he combated the frequent 
neglect of the observance of the 
ordinance, and exclaimed, "If 
you are not fit to come to the 
Lord's table, you are not fit to 
come to church, you are not fit 
to live, yon are not fit to die." 
These words led young Howell 
to reflect, and a complete change 
of heart and character followed. 
He was so impressed by the 
words that he resolved to con- 
form with the Clergyman's ap- 
peal, and seek to live a new life. 
Even on his way home from 
church that Sunday morning, 
March 3oth, he called upon a 
neighbour with whom he was at 
variance and became reconciled 
with him, forgiving his neigh- 
bour's fault, and making a 
frank acknowledgment of his 
own. On Easter day he pre- 
sented himself at the Lord's 
Table, but on repeating the 
Confession, " The remembrance 
of our sins is grievous unto us, 
the burden of them is intoler- 
able," he began to reflect, and 
he found no inward grief at 
the remembrance of his sins, nor 
were they a burden to him at 
all, so he saw he was going to 
the Lord's Table with a lie in 
his mouth. The thought of 

this inclined him to withdraw, 
but with the determination to- 
lead a new life, he went to the 
Table, and received the pledge 
of God's dying love. The good 
work having been begun in him 
was carried on with marvellous, 
rapidity. The change in his 
character became clear. He 
passed through a period of deep 
anxiety ; but after a severe 
conflict, he was made willing to 
bid adieu to all things temporal 
and to cling to Jesus as his por- 
tion. Still he had no satis- 
factory evidence to his own. 
mind, of his acceptance with. 
God, until at the Sacrament on 
the following Whit-Sunday, 
when he found peace and par- 
don. On going home from 
Church he could not help say- 
ing that he knew his sins were- 
forgiven him. He soon began 
to take a bold and decided 
course, reproving and warning 
the ungodly, seeking to induce 
them to flee from the wrath to 
come, and to forsake their evil 
practices. He could not hold 
silence, and keep to himself the 
blessing he had found. 

In November of the same 
year, he went to St. Mary's, 
Oxford, to pursue his studies- 
and qualify himself for Holy 
Orders. But he soon found 
himself out of touch with the 
place. The ungodliness was 
such, notwithstanding its be- 
ing specially a training institu- 
tion for Clergymen, that he- 



could not remain there. The 
majority of the students were 
utterly thoughtless and wicked. 
This state of things made him 
sad and depressed. Indeed, 
he was perfectly disgusted at 
the immorality of Oxford life, 
and returned home to work 
among the people of his own 
neighbourhood at Trevecca and 
Tal garth in the best way he 
could, holding public services 
every evening, and frequently 
preaching three or four times 
during the day, in such places 
as offered the opportunity. His 
action caused a great stir in the 
locality. Many appreciated 
what he did ; others were en- 
raged with him. He disturbed 
many a hornet's nest and called 
forth the most virulent opposi- 
tion. His enemies vilified and 
persecuted him with great bit- 
terness. The zeal he manifest- 
ed as a lay preacher led to his 
being refused ordination when 
he sought it. We have his own 
words bearing upon the point : 
*' I have often applied for Holy 
Ordination and was rejected for 
no other reason but for my 
preaching as a layman." One 
-would have thought that the 
spiritual change he had under- 
gone, combined with the ear- 
nestness with which he applied 
himself to work among his 
neighbours for their spiritual 
instruction and enlightenment, 
would have been the best quali- 
fication possible for the 

sacred work of the ministry, 
especially when it is re- 
membered that he had re- 
ceived a fairly good education. 
But his great zeal in preaching 
in unconsecrated buildings was 
fatal to his acceptance with the 
episcopal authorities. Though 
denied ordination, he did not 
cease his ciforts to arouse his 
countrymen to a concern about 
their souls. 

He continued the work single- 
handed for about two years. 
During this period he had not 
come in contact with Daniel 
Rowland, if, indeed, he had 
heard anything about him, 
though both began their special 
work for God about the same 
time. News spread slowly in 
those days. Trevecca and 
Llangeitho were far apart, and 
there was no direct communica- 
tion between the two districts. 
In the year 1737, Harris heard 
that Rowland, a remarkable 
young clergyman from Llan- 
geitho, was coming to Devyn- 
nock, a village about sixteen 
miles from Trevecca, to preach; 
he went to hear him and was 
delighted with his preaching 
and conversation. On that day 
they became fast friends, and 
the two streams of Christian 
activity became merged in one. 
Henceforth, for fourteen years, 
the two young leaders took sweet 
counsel together, and acted in 
concert against the prevailing 
evils, and on behalf of the Gos- 


pel of Jesus Christ. They 
worked together harmoniously 
and effectually, until an unfor- 
tunate difference of opinion 
arose between them regarding 
certain extreme expressions used 
by Harris in setting forth the 
sufferings of our Lord. This 
difference culminated at an As- 
sociation held at Llanidloes in 
1751, when they separated, each 
taking his own course. The 
separation was not confined to 
the two leaders, but a cleavage 
sprang up between the members 
of the churches : each had his 
circle of supporters. Thus the 
good work which had been go- 
ing on so successfully, and 
even gloriously, came to a 
sudden stop. A dark cloud 
overcast the Churches. Christ- 
ian activity came to a stand 
still as compared with what it 
had been. Gloom took the place 
of joy : many hearts were de- 

In the interval, however, be- 
tween 1737 and 1751, Harris and 
Rowland worked heartily to- 
gether in their efforts for their 
Lord and Master, organizing 
the flocks which they had 
gathered in different parts of 
the country, watching over them 
with keenest solicitude. The 
efforts Harris put forth were 
almost superhuman. He was 
continually travelling about, 
preaching and superintending 
the churches. He traversed 

again and again the whole of 
Wales and many parts of Eng- 
land, often enduring great pri- 
vations and braving greatest 
dangers. As soon as he re- 
turned from one itinerancy, he 
would start upon another, giv- 
ing himself but little rest. 

At the close of the year 1738, 
he received a letter from White- 
field, who had heard of his 
efforts and success, and was de- 
sirous of an interview with him. 
They met for the first time at 
Cardiff, March 7th, 1739- 
Harris had at this time formed 
36 Societies in Wales. White- 
field came to Cardiff from 
Bristol and Kingswood, where 
he had been conducting blessed 
services among the colliers, and 
Harris had come from a preach- 
ing tour in North Wales and 
Cardiganshire. This meeting 
was one of much delight to 
both, and was the commence- 
ment of years of happy co-op- 
eration in the work of the Lord. 
Whitefield writes of him at this 
time, "For three years, he has 
discoursed twice almost every 
day for three or four hours to- 
gether ; not authoritatively as a 
minister, but as a private per- 
son exhorting his Christian 
brethren Many ale- 
house people, fiddlers, harpers 
(Demetrius like), sadly cry 
out against him for spoiling 
their business. He has been 
made the subject of many ser- 
mons, and has been threatened 


with public prosecution ; con- 
stables have been sent to ap- 
prehend him. But God has 
blessed him with inflexible 
courage." Harris soon after 
proceeded to London, preaching 
in many places on the way. 
After this, he frequently 
visited the metropolis, and was 
a great favourite at Whitefield's 
Tabernacle in Tottenham Court 
Road. Indeed, when White- 
field went to America, Harris 
had entire charge of the pulpit 
at the Tabernacle and of the 
work carried on in that great 
centre of Christian work. 

As Whitefield says, he was a 
man of inflexible courage. He 
feared no man. He was bold 
as a lion. Hundreds of times 
he withstood the fiercest opposi- 
tion, and braved the greatest 
dangers. An Association was 
one time to be held at Llan- 
dovery. Rowland, and Wil- 
liams of Pantycelyn, and 
Howell Davies arrived there 
before Harris, and began the 
public service. But when they 
stood up to preach a fierce op- 
position arose : such a blowing 
of horns, beating of drums and 
kettles, ringing of bells, and 
throwing of missiles at those on 
the platform took place that 
Williams said " Brethren, it is 
impossible to go on here, in the 
midst of so much noise and 
danger ; let us go to my resid- 
ence at Pantycelyn, and hold 
the Association there." So they 

reluctantly started. But on 
the way Harris met them, and 
asked with great surprise 
"Where are you going?" Wil- 
liams replied "We are going 
to Pantycelyn ; we cannot go 
on at Llandovery, for our life 
is in danger." ' "Life! Life!" 
replied Harris, "is that all? 
Here is my life for the sake of 
Christ. Let us go back; they 
shall have this poor body of 
mine." So back they went, 
with Harris at their head. 
When they got to the platform, 
Harris stepped upon it with 
much boldness and firmness, 
solemnly crying out, "Let us 
pray," and the crowd were 
silent in a moment. He then 
prayed with such power and 
warmth that the people were 
overawed, and attended to the 
preaching with quietness and in- 

Magistrates, mayors, and 
clergymen often took part in the 
attempt to put a stop to his 
preaching. Men high in social 
position rose against him with 
the utmost fierceness. Again 
and again he went forth with 
his life in his hand. When the 
morning dawned it was quite 
uncertain should he live to see 
the evening, not simply because 
of the ordinary uncertainty of 
life, but because of the malice 
and determined opposition of his 
enemies. When he stood up to 
preach, missiles of various 
kinds were often hurled at him. 


At Machynlleth he found no 
one disposed to receive him. 
He sought to preach from an 
open window to such as might 
assemble in the street, but he 
was soon obliged to desist by 
the noise of the multitude howl- 
ing, threatening, swearing and 
throwing stones. An attorney 
came up to him with as much 
rage and fury as if he were a 
messenger from hell. The 
vicar followed in the same 
spirit and language, leading 
the mob. One of them dis- 
charged a pistol at him, but it 
did him no hurt. He was com- 
pelled, however, to go forth 
into the street not expecting to 
escape with his life, but he was 
miraculously preserved. The 
mob pelted him with stones. 
This is but typical of the treat- 
ment he received in scores of 
places. During the first years 
of his ministry he was thus fre- 
quently maltreated. Again and 
again he was seriously wound- 
ed. Magistrates and "Clergy- 
men, in towns and rural dis- 
tricts, were most persistent in 
their opposition, as if he sought 
to undermine religion and de- 
moralize the people. His visit 
to Bala in 1741, was a deplor- 
able event. But his foes were 
foiled. The Lord delivered 
him out of the mouth of the lion 
and from the paws of the bear : 
and he rejoiced at being deemed 
worthy to suffer for his Re- 
deemer's sake. 

Nothwithstanding the ill- 
treatment he received at the 
hands of the Clergy, and the 
refusal of the bishop to grant 
him Holy Orders, because of 
what was deemed his erratic 
method of working for Christ 
and the salvation of souls, yet 
he remained loyal to the Es- 
tablished Church. At the first 
Association, held at Watford, 
near Caerphilly, January 5th 
and 6th, 1743, there was a dis- 
. position on the part of those 
who formed the Association, 
with the exception of Harris, to 
take measures for the adminis- 
tration of the Ordinances of 
Baptism and the Lord's Supper. 
Harris steadfastly opposed such 
a course, and continued through 
life to look at himself as a 
loyal member of the Church. 
Yet he took the most prominent 
part in forming and organizing 
the churches of Methodism, the 
Monthly Meetings and the 
Quarterly Association. He was 
for some years General Super- 
intendent of the whole mve- 
ment. It is hardly possible to 
overestimate the part he took in 
developing- the organic life of 
Methodism. The devotion and 
self-sacrifice he made in fur- 
thering the object which he and 
his zealous colleagues had in 
view were marvellous, He 
visited North Wales repeatedly, 
knowing, when starting upon 
his journey, that his life would 
be in greatest peril, and his: 



hardships severe. Of his pro- 
digious exertions, persecutions 
and successes, on a tour made by 
him through North Wales in 
1848, a glimpse is given us in 
a letter dated October 2oth to a. 
Mr. Baddington, and inserted 
in H. J. Hughes' "Life of 
Harris," page 312, " Are you 
so surprised at my silence? Did 
you but take a turn with me for 
two or three months and see my 
labours and trials, and especi- 
ally could you take a turn 
through my heart, your surprise 
would cease. However, I will 
inform you. It is now about nine 
weeks since I began to go round 
South and North Wales, and 
this week I came home from my 
last journey round North 
Wales. I have visited in that 
time thirteen counties, and tra- 
velled mostly one hundred and 
fifty miles every week, and dis- 
coursed twice every day, and 
sometimes three or four times 
a day. And in this last journey 
I have not 'taken off my clothes 
for seven nights, and travelled 
from one morning to the next 
evening without any rest above 
a hundred miles, discoursing at 
midnight, or very early, on 
the mountains, being obliged to 
mee^ at that time to avoid per- 
secution. ... I had in an- 
other place, near the town of 
Bala, where I was formerly 
like to be murdered, a blow on 
my head near violent enough to 
slit my skull in two, but I re- 

ceived no hurt. I never saw 
such crowds coming to hear, nor 
more glory among the people : 
many hearts and doors have 
been lately opened. We know 
of several who have been a- 
wakened lately, and the Lord 
seems to turn His face towards 
the rich : several of them have 
been this journey to hear me, 
and several more speak with 
affection of coming to hear Mr. 
Wbitefield when he comes." 

When the rupture took place 
between him and Rowland in 
1751, he retired to Trevecca, 
where he ministered to those 
who gathered around him. The 
necessity arose to provide ac- 
comodation for some of those 
who came from distant places, 
so he set about building a large 
house for the purpose. Though 
he had no money, he laid its 
foundation on April i4th, 1752, 
in faith and confidence that the 
Lord would provide the re- 
quisite funds. He himself 
wrote concerning it " I was 
impelled to build by the same 
Spirit which sent me about to 
preach, and at a time when I 
was far from being provided 
with money or friends, for the 
latter had deserted me, and I 
had, instead of the former, de- 
mands upon me, and about forty 
workmen to pay and maintain ; 
and yet I made use of no means 
to get one shilling, but a humble 
pleading and confiding in the 
promise on which I trust my 


all, both as to temporal and 
spiritual things." A part of 
the building known as the Hall, 
was finished by the end of July, 
and in 1753 a large portion was 
completed, and : a number of 
people came to reside with him, 
forming a brotherhood who 
worked for the common good, 
and gave special attention to 
their spiritual exercises, Harris 
being the superintendent and 
chief controller. He had at 
this time a severe illness which 
threatened to terminate fatally. 
It was no doubt the inevitable 
break down after years of toil 
and tension, hastened possibly 
by the anxiety and sorrow con- 
sequent upon the sore trial 
which the rupture between him 
and his former colleagues ne- 
cessarily involved. But he was 
mercifully spared, and his 
large house became filled with 
men and women who looked up 
to him with feelings of confid- 
ence, veneration, and love. 

He did not, however, find all 
things run smoothly under this 
new regime. Some who had 
come to stay with him returned 
home, complaining either that 
the fare was hard, or the dis- 
cipline too strict. But many 
made their home with him per- 
manently. At the beginning of 
1754, the family consisted of 
about 100 persons as permanent 
residents. Whilst he had no 
adequate means of his own for 
their support, and some of them 
were utterly poor, desirous only 

of living near to him for their 
spiritual edification, he took 
upon himself the sole care of 
their spiritual and temporal 
needs. He was often in great 
straits, but he took his diffi- 
culties to the Lord, who never 
failed him. Deliverance often 
came in a most unexpected 
manner. At the end of 1755, 
the family , had increased to 
120 : besides these, several 
families took farms in the 
neighbourhood so that they 
might attend his ministry. 

An interesting episode in his 
life was his military exper- 
ience. Towards the end of the 
year 1759, the nation was 
alarmed through a threatened 
French invasion. He was 
offered a commission in the 
Breconshire Militia. He re- 
plied that he could not accept 
the offer but upon the condition 
that he should be at liberty to 
preach the Gospel wheresoever 
he might go. The officers hav- 
ing assented to this condition, 
and his large family, after 
prayer, having given their con- 
sent, and he had appointed 
Trustees, who were to have 
charge of the Institution dur- 
ing his absence, he received an 
Ensign's commission on his 
entrance into the Battalion, and 
was soon after promoted to a 
Captaincy. He wrote at the 
time, " I am resolutely and 
coolly determined to go freely 
and conscientiously, and die in 
the field of battle in defence of 



the precious Word of God, the 
Bible, against Popery." Thus 
he went, leaving at Trevecca 
above one hundred and twenty 
persons in the family. Twenty- 
four went with him ; twelve 
of them as volunteers main- 
tained at the expense of 
Mr. Harris for three years. 
In the spring of the year 
1760, the Battalion went to 
Yarmouth, where an open 
door was given him to 
preach every evening in his 
Regimentals. A nd thus 

throughout the three years of 
his military service, he availed 
himself of every opportunity 
to preach the Gospel. He spent 
the remainder of his life at 
Trevecca with his large family, 
except some few itinerancies he 
made now and again to preach 
both in England and Wales, 

Harris was a burning and 
shining light. He burst forth 
into splendour at the very start 
of his religious life. His let- 
ters reveal the attainment of 
an experience which is simply 
marvellous. His zeal in the 
Lord's cause, his vigorous at- 
tacks upon the prevailing evils 
of the country, his perfect trust 
in the Lord's care, his thorough 
consecration to Christ and His 
Gospel, whilst he was still 
young in years, and in the face 
of most virulent opposition, and 
the biting scorn of the enemies 
of the Gospel, mark him as one 
of the most remarkable men of 
the century. Notwithstanding 

the unfortunate division which 
arose between him and the lead- 
ers in Wales who had co-oper- 
ated with him in reclaiming 
the country from its spiritual 
darkness and degradation, he 
continued faithful to his Lord, 
and exercised a mighty influ- 
ence for good in his day and 
country. Mercifully that 

separation was not permanent. 
In the year 1769, the time of 
an Anniversary of Lady Hunt- 
ingdon's College at Trevecca, a 
reconciliation took place be- 
tween him and Rowland, 
though they never co-operated 
afterwards as they had done 
previous to the separation. He 
was held in highest esteem by 
Whitefield, the Wesleys, Lady 
Huntingdon, and their co- 
workers in England, as well as 
by the leaders in Wales. In- 
deed, there is no doubt that 
Lady Huntingdon founded her 
Theological College at Tre- 
vecca so that the students 
might profit through the 
preaching and inspiration of 
Harris. He was in every way 
a man raised up to do a noble 
work for God and for his 

His end was peace. He an- 
ticipated with joy the coming 
of his Lord to fetch him home. 
The day of his departure at 
length came, July 2ist, 1773, 
in the sixtieth year of his age. 
He was buried in the chancel 
of the church at Talgarth, 
where his monumental stone 


still occupies a prominent posi- 
tion. Lady Huntingdon was 
present at the funeral. She 
states that the number who at- 
tended the funeral obsequies 
was no less than 20,000. Three 
stages were set up, from which 
nine sermons were delivered. 
There were fifteen Clergymen 
present. God's gracious pre- 
sence was very manifest on the 
occasion, more so than was 
ever experienced before, especi- 
ally at the administration of 
the Lord's Supper. The Life 
and Times of Howel Harris, 
Esq.; Life of Howell Harris, 
the Welsh Reformer; A Brief 
Account of the Life of Howell 
Harris, Esq., from Papers -writ- 
ten by himself; Y Tadau Meth- 
odistaidd, vol. i. page 71, 245, 
282, &c. ; Cofiant y Parch. J. 
Jones, Talsarn, vol ii. page 706. 
Powis, Glamorganshire, was a 
native of Neath, where in his 
early days he often played the 
violin in accompaniment to the 
dancing of his wild compan- 
ions. But the grace of God 
found him, and brought to pass 
a marvellous change. He at 
once forsook his evil associates, 
burnt his violin, and threw in 
his lot with the people of God. 
It is not known how or when 
this change came to pass, but 
there is no uncertainty as to its 
thoroughness. Nor is it known 
when or how he began to 
preach, except that it was soon 
after he settled in the Vale of 

Glamorgan. He was a short 
broad-chested man, with a 
round face, low forehead, and 
hair cut just above his eye- 
brows, as if it were well to con- ' 
ceal the forehead from the view 
of his fellows. He was not 
considered a gifted preacher, 
but at times he had very power- 
ful services. He never studied 
much, and consequently, when 
he preached; he would at times 
be in great straits and dark- 
ness; but when he had light 
and liberty, his words would 
pour forth like a mighty 
stream, and his hearers would 
be constrained to acknowledge 
his power. The Rev. William 
Williams, Swansea, heard him 
describe the critical position of 
the children of Israel at the 
Red Sea. At first, it was rather 
dark upon him in setting it 
forth, " Pharaoh was saying, 
' I will pursue, I will overtake, 
I will divide the spoil,' but God 
looked through the cloud and 
said, c Stop, Pharaoh, you 
shan't touch 'em to-day.' He 
struck the wheels of his char- 
iot, which became a wheel-less 
car (car llusg). He could not 
afterwards travel so fast 
Glory." One who never heard 
Jenkin Harris shout this word 
can have no idea of its force. 
One very dry summer there 
were services held in all the 
chapels of Methodism at the 
same hour to pray for rain. 
Jenkin that night slept at Cow- 
bridge, the guest of Mrs. 



Howells the mother of the 
Rev. William Howells, Tre- 
vecca. During the night Jenkin 
heard something like the pat- 
tering of rain upon the roof, he 
rose, went to the window, and 
found that the earnestly de- 
sired and precious rain had 
come. He could not contain his 
joy, but shouted at the height 
of his voice, ' ' Well done the 
old Methodists, Glory ! Glory !" 
He preached on one occasion 
before the Rev. D. Howells, 
Swansea. As Mr. Howells pro- 
ceeded, and the truths he de- 
clared began to tell upon the 
people, Jenkin, sitting behind 
him, declared loud enough for 
the people to hear, " The water 
is rising, my lad." In a lit- 
tle while, he repeated the say- 
ing, " The water is rising, my 
lad, the water is rising." He 
then went down from the pul- 
pit and stood on the floor be- 
fore the preacher, and shouted 
frequently and with much 
warmth" Glory." He lost all 
control of his feelings, great 
joy filled his bosom, and his 
heart was all aglow. And the 
old white-haired man, looking 
at his legs, addressed them 
thus "Well, ye are become 
thin and stiff enough, but you 
must bestir yourselves and 
leave the floor once again." 
Upon this, he proved them, and 
at the same time shouted 
" Glory," until the place re- 
sounded again. He died sud- 
denly at Merthyr early in the 

year 1827. He had gone to 
preach with a brother at .f ont- 
morlais. But whilst introduc- 
ing the service he felt poorly, 
and hastened to the chapd 
house, where he died even be- 
fore the service in the chapel 
was over." " Oh, it is death," 
he said, " but it is death with- 
out its sting WITHOUT ITS 
STING Glory!" Yr Oenig, 
vol. i. pages 241, 360. 

DILO, Carmarthenshire, was one 
of the early exhorters. 

NOX, Pembrokeshire, was one 
of the earliest and ablest of the 
preachers of Methodism in his 
native county. He was ap- 
pointed in 1743 overseer of 
several of the societies in Pem- 
brokeshire, and acted faith- 
fully and in the face of much 
fierce opposition. In a letter 
written to Howel Harris, dated 
May 1 2th, 1745, and attributed 
wrongly in " Methodistiaeth 
Cymru," Vol. ii. page 304, to 
Mr. John Harris, Treamlod, 
who was a different person alto- 
gether, he states that there was 
no part of the county where he 
had not preached, except Tenby 
and Pembroke. At that time 
there was but one Methodist 
brother living at Tenby. At 
his request he consented to visit 
the town, and hold a service at 
his house, if a few people could 
he got together. So he went, 
but whilst the service was be- 


12 t 

ing conducted, quite a storm of 
opposition suddenly arose. A 
curate, a constable, and four or 
five others entered the room, 
whilst there was a wild crowd 
outside thinking to see him 
taken to prison. He was 
compelled to appear before 
the Mayor, and enter into 
a surety of ^200 to appear at 
the next Assizes. What became 
of this matter is not known. At 
the time of the -rupture between 
Howel Harris and Daniel 
Rowland, John Harris sided 
with the former, but he after- 
wards joined the Moravians. 
Y Cynghorwyr Metliodistaidd, 
page 20; Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii. page 304. 

AMLOD, Pembrokeshire, was 
born in the year 1721. When 
but twenty-two years of age, he 
was appointed superintendent 
over many of the Societies of 
Methodism which had been re- 
cently formed in his native 
county. He was one of the 
earliest officers of the move- 
ment in Pembrokeshire, and 
was most faithful in exercising 
the oversight of the churches. 
He was always on his rounds 
preaching and attending the 
society meetings. For many 
years he seldom slept at his 
own home more than one night 
during the month. All his 
labours, too, were gratuitous, 
performed from his love of 
Christ, without the least ex- 
pectation of any earthly re- 

ward. He was able to devote 
himself thus entirely to the 
work through that his wife and 
son, who were in full sympathy 
with him, looked well after the 
farm at home, and thus secured 
the means of support for the 
family. He was a man of 
much ability; strong, sound 
sense, and undoubted piety; 
and thus acquired for himself 
great influence in the churches 
and in the assemblies of the 
brethren. Like his fellow 
labourers, he met with con- 
siderable opposition and per- 
secution both in North and 
South Wales, but the Lord de- 
livered him out of all perils. 
The Rev. Rowland Hill was in- 
timately acquainted with him, 
and gave it as his opinion that 
" if any man from this corrupt 
world is in heaven, John Harris 
is." On one occasion, when 
visiting his aged widow, and 
bidding her farewell, he said, 
" Should you go to heaven be- 
fore me, remember me to John 
Harris, and tell him that I am 
coming." Harris could never 
let an opportunity slip of 
speaking a word for Christ and 
exhorting people to forsake 
their evil ways. He would not 
hesitate to speak to those whom 
he met on the road, or to the 
servants of the families with 
whom he would be staying over 
night, regarding their spiritual 
welfare. It is recorded that 
when the mistress of a house, 
whose guest he was, ordered 



her servant girl in the morning 
to take him his boots, she said, 
" No, indeed, misses, I won't 
go." "Why not?" the mistress 
asked. She replied, " He will 
tell me that I am a sinner." 
This was his habit. In acting 
thus he led many to consider 
their end, and prepare to meet 
their God. After a life of 
faithful work he died in 1788, 
aged sixty-seven years. The 
Rev. Evan Harris, who was one 
of the first lay preachers or- 
dained at Llandilo in 1811, 
was his son. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 301. 

FECCA, was the eldest brother 
of the well-known Rev. Evan 
Harries, Merthyr Tydfil. He 
was a preacher of more than 
30 years' standing when he 
died in 1825. He was in early 
life on very friendly terms 
with a youth who became a 
well-known and celebrated min- 
ister with the Independents 
the Rev. David Williams, 
Troedrhiwdalar. Both joined 
the Congregational Church at 
Gelynos, Llanwrtyd, at the 
time of a great revival in the 
year 1790. He lost, however, 
the fire he then received, and 
cooled down for three or four 
years, but he afterwards ex- 
perienced a change of heart 
and became a new man. He 
then joined the Methodist 
Church at the Bont, Llan- 
wrtyd, and soon grew in favour 
with God and His people. The 

desire soon sprung up in his 
heart to become a preacher, and 
permission was given him to 
exercise his gifts. Shortly 
after this, he removed to Tre- 
fecca. Here, he had access to 
Howel Harris 3 Library, and as 
he availed himself of this privi- 
lege, he became a good theo- 
logian and an effective preach- 
er. He was one who com- 
muned much with the Master 
in secret. " Had he lived, he 
would," said the Rev. David 
Williams, "have taken a front 
position among his brethren, 
but his sun set early in the 
afternoon.' 3 He died in the 
sure hope of a blessed resur- 
rection. Cofiant y Parch. 
Evan Harries, page I. 

AVON, Monmouthshire, was 
one of the pioneer workers of 
Methodism. According to the 
Trevecca Minutes of an As- 
sociation held at Llanddeusant 
in February, 1743, he was sent 
to Carnarvonshire to conduct a 
school, and also to preach 
whenever the opportunity would 
serve. He at once started for 
Llanberis, and after a most 
perilous journey much of the 
last twenty miles being tra- 
versed at night over a pathless 
route, along the edge of a deep 
precipice he arrived safely at 
the break of day. His safe ar- 
rival under such circumstances 
constrained many to think that 
he had been under special 
divine protection. So when it 



was announced that he would 
preach in the evening the peo- 
ple gathered to see and to hear 
him. It is thought that it was 
to him, when he was old and 
enfeebled, that Humphrey 
Edwards, Bala, when in service 
at Pentyrch, near Llanfaircaer- 
einion, acted the part of a gen- 
erous benefactor, and presented 
him with a pony as a free gift, 
to enable him to proceed on his 
itinerancy through North 
Wales. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page 145. 

ILLTYD VARDRE, Glamorgan- 
shire, was converted under a 
sermon by the Rev. David 
Jones, Llangan. In after years 
lie was one of the preachers who 
often preached at Llangan, at 
the early morning service on 
Communion Sundays, to the 
crowds who gathered there 
from far and near on those 
Sabbaths. As a preacher, he 
was full of fire and very suc- 
cessful. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. iii. page 03. 


TREHILL, Glamorganshire, was 
"born at Ystradgynlais, Brecon- 
shire, May rath, 1750. Little 
is known of his parents beyond 
-that they were pretty well-to- 
do, and usually attended the 
Chapel -of -ease which was not 
far off. When nineteen years 
of age he was led to be con- 
cerned about his soul, and 
joined a Methodist society at 
Talleg. He soon evinced a con- 

siderable gift in prayer, so 
much so that he was often 
called upon to undertake the 
introductory part of the service 
for the preacher. He even went 
on an itinerancy to North 
Wales with Mr. John Evans, 
Cilycwm, who got him occasion- 
ally to preach as well as lead 
in prayer, and thus on his re- 
turn home, he was a full- 
fledged preacher. He then de- 
termined to take Orders in the 
Church of England, and for 
this purpose he proceeded, in 
the year 1778, to a preparatory 
school at Llanddowror ; and on 
September and, 1781, he was or- 
dained deacon by Dr. Warner, 
bishop of St. David's, and the 
year following he received 
priest's orders. His first curacy 
was at Glyncorrwg, Glamor- 
ganshire. It is not known how 
long or with what success he 
laboured in this place. His 
second curacy was at St. 
Nicholas, a parish midway be- 
tween Cowbridge and Cardiff. 
Here his preaching attracted 
crowds to the services, but his 
Methodist sympathies drew up- 
on him the anger and opposi- 
tion of the gentry. From here 
he removed to Llanddiddan- 
fach, a parish adjoining that 
of St. Nicholas, where his 
preaching drew people to his 
services on Communion Sunday 
from a radius of eight or ten 
miles. But Dr. Marsh, upon 
being made bishop of Llandaff, 
determined to root out from 

I2 4 


his diocese the clergy -who co- 
operated with the Methodists, 
and a message was sent to Mr. 
Howells that he was either to 
leave the Methodists or the 
Church of England. There was 
no alternative. Mr. Howells 
was not long in deciding the 
course he would take. He at 
once left the Church and cast 
in his lot with the Methodists. 
This was in the year 1818, 
when he was 68 years of age. 
He then took a farm, and for a 
time he worked hard for his 
maintenance. It was not long, 
however, ere he had an abund- 
ance of worldly goods through 
the death of a near relative of 
his wife. His sympathy with 
the Methodists continued to the 
end of his life, and as long as 
his health permitted he took 
part in the ministry of the Gos- 
pel, though he did not travel 
much beyond his own county. 
His house was a home for 
preachers, and his wife, who 
was a mother in Israel, was ex- 
ceedingly kind and hospitable. 
He is described by those who 
heard him preach as "a fiery 
preacher." Whenever he re- 
ferred to Llangan or Llan- 
geitho, where he was often pre- 
sent at the great gatherings of 
the fathers, his countenance 
would light up with a marvel- 
lous radiance. Some years be- 
fore his death, he removed to 
reside with his brother-in-law 
at Llanplyddeir. Usually, on 
Saturday nights, a sermon was 

preached here by the minister 
who was to officiate at Penmark 
on Sunday morning, and in ad- 
dition to the privilege of hav- 
ing a comfortable lodging and 
the utmost kindness, the preach- 
er would .receive a half- 
crown, which was considered at 
that time an honourable re- 
muneration for conducting a. 
preaching service. He died 
January loth, 1842, at the ad- 
vanced age of 92 years : 
his remains were buried in the- 
graveyard of Soar Chapel, Tre- 
simon. Mr. Howells was one- 
of the three Episcopal clergy- 
men in South Wales who re- 
mained with the Methodists, 
after the first ordination of lay 
preachers at Llandilo in 1811. 
Y Drysorfa, vol. xiv. page- 
161 ; Y Tadau Methodistaidd, 
vol. ii. page 300. 

LONGACRE, London, like the 
Rev. David Jones, Llangan, 
was in full sympathy with the- 
Methodists, and co-operated 
with them heartily. In the 
year 1814, when present at 
Llangeitho Association, he took 
part at the ordination service, 
the first held in that centre of" 
Methodist work. Moreover, 
Longacre Chapel, where he 
ministered for the last fifteen 
years of his life, was not epis- 
copally consecrated, but its-- 
lease was purchased for him, 
and he was dependent for his 
support upon the free will 
offerings of his hearers. It 



was his practice and delight to 
attend the services of Jewin- 
street Chapel, when any of the 
masters of the Assembly from 
Wales were present. 

His father was Mr. Samuel 
Howells, Llumhelig, one of the 
best farms in the Vale of 
Glamorgan, close to Cowbridge. 
He was born in September, 
1778, and was the eldest of 
twelve children. He was a 
thoughtful youth, and loved 
his books more than play. At 
that time, Cowbridge was emi- 
nent for its schools, and Wil- 
liam was privileged with 
having a good training. His 
father intended him for the 
legal profession, but he soon 
discovered that his conscience 
was too tender to follow that 
course. So it was resolved that 
he should be prepared for Holy 
Orders in the Church. And 
after due preparation he pro- 
ceeded in April, 1800, to Ox- 
ford, where his health broke 
down, and to his great disap- 
pointment he had to leave in 
1803 without having graduated. 
After his return home, he ap- 
plied himself to prepare for or- 
dination, and at the same time 
frequently conducted preaching 
services in the cottages of the 
neighbourhood on week even- 
ings. His father was not 
pleased with him for holding 
these services, but his soul was 
full of desire to do good to 
men and to further the interest 
of the cause of Christ. At this 

time he made the acquaintance 
of the Rev. David Jones, Llan- 
gan, who lived not far away, 
and they became bosom friends. 
In the month of June he 
was ordained by the Bishop of 
Llandaff to the curacy of Llan- 
gan. His vicar and he were 
hand in glove in their work, 
and both were more Methodists 
than Churchmen. They at- 
tended with considerable regu- 
larity the Monthly Meetings 
and Quarterly Associations, 
and were looked upon as lead- 
ers at these gatherings. They 
would preach in barns or pri- 
vate houses, or anywhere where 
they could get an audience, 
without being troubled as to 
whether the place was conse- 
crated or not by the bishop's 
blessing. Soon after Mr. 
Howells had received full 
Orders, his vicar removed to 
Maenorowen, Pembrokeshire, 
and thus the full charge of the 
parish fell upon him. He. 
moreover, undertook the charge 
of two small adjoining par- 
ishes, St. Mary's and Llandyfr- 
dwy. As a preacher he was 
scriptural, orthodox, and 
powerful, and frequently 
preached with overpowering 
eloquence. In 1810, his vicar 
died, and his curacy at Llan- 
gan necessarily terminated. A 
determined effort was made by 
the parishioners to secure the 
vicarage for him, and it would 
have been given him were it not 
for his Methodism. " You are 



a Methodist, Howells," said the 
bishop to him, " you are a 
Methodist; were it not for this, 
I would give it you at once." 
" True, my lord," he replied, 
" and whether your lordship 
will be pleased to grant me the 
living or not, I am a Method- 
ist." The bishop was prepared 
to give him the living if he 
would but dissociate himself 
from the Methodists, but this 
he would not do, and he had to 
suffer the consequences. He felt 
keenly at having to break his 
connection with Llangan and 
its pleasing associations. How 
often he had found it good for 
his soul to meet with the multi- 
tude who kept "holy day" in 
the sacred precincts of the 
church, and in the chapel where 
the Methodist preachers held 
their services ! And how re- 
joiced he would have been to 
remain and continue the work 
on the same lines as those on 
which his sainted vicar had 
carried it on ! But he had to 
leave, and in October, 1811, he 
proceeded to London, where he 
obtained the curacy of St. An- 
drew and St. Anne, near Black- 
friars, under Mr. Goode. His 
preaching soon drew attention, 
and people flocked to hear him. 
But whilst many were delight- 
ed, there were others who did 
not approve of his Calvinistic 
doctrines and fiery zeal, and 
made complaint to the bishop, 
who consequently wrote to the 
rector. Mr. Goode went to hear 

and see for himself, and was 
delighted with the result of his 
visit, and upheld Mr. Howells 
in his doctrine and work. In 
April, 1816, Mr. Goode died, 
and Mr. Howell became a can- 
didate for the rectory, which 
was in the gift of the parish- 
ioners. It was fully thought 
that as Mr. Howells was so 
deep in the affections of the 
people he would most assuredly 
gain the vote. But most vile 
methods were adopted by his 
rivals, and the vote went 
against him. He was then for 
about a year without a charge. 
The chapel of Longacre becom- 
ing vacant, it was, as already 
said, taken for him, and he 
laboured here until the end of 
his life with marked success, 
attracting great crowds of all 
classes, rich and poor, members 
of Parliament and rich mer- 
chantmen, as well as many of 
the poor of the Seven Dials. 
Many a Sunday morning the 
carriages waiting outside the 
chapel would form a long row. 
He was one of the stars of the 
London pulpit. He was a man 
of a very meek disposition, gen- 
erous to a fault, ever ready to 
give a helping hand to anyone 
in trouble. The beggars of the 
district knew him well, and 
often relieved him of what 
loose coins he had in his 
pocket. His preaching was a 
combination of the profundity 
of the philosopher and the lofty 
imagination of the poet, and 



his hearers were often complete- 
ly entranced by his eloquence. 
When preaching, he was all on 
the move, throwing his arms 
about, striking the pulpit, and 
occasionally he would shout 
until the chapel would echo 
again. He was also fearless 
in his condemnation of sin. 
His physical constitution was 
never robust, and he died 
November iSth, 1832, in the 
58th year of his age. Y Traeth- 
odydd, vol. v. page 156; Y 
Tadau Methodistaidd, vol. ii. 
page 306 

BACH, Denbighshire, was one of 
the early preachers. 

PENNANT, Cardiganshire, one 
of the early exhorters of Meth- 
odism, was a hatter by trade, 
and carried on a good country 
business. On ground presented 
by him the first small chapel at 
Pennant was built, about the 
year 1744 or 1747, and very 
much, though not entirely at 
his own expense. He also 
owned the field at the back of 
the chapel, and he offered it as 
a gift to the Methodists, but it 
was rejected, because of the 
suspicion of one Zacheus 
Davies, that it was pride led 
him to make the presentation. 
He then sold it for ^20 to 
Richard Lloyd, Penwern, who 
was a prominent member of the 
church. On a part of this field 
the second chapel was built. 

Methodistiaeth De Aberteifi, 
page 175. 

WEDI>, Merionethshire, some- 
times spoken of as William 
Pugh,. was the first preacher of 
Methodism who rose in the dis- 
trict between the two rivers of 
Dovey and Barmouth. He was 
born at Maesyllan, August ist, 
1749. When but five years of 
age he was able to sing Psalms 
in the parish church. He was 
converted under a sermon by 
the Rev. Benjamin Evans, 
Llanuwchllyn, at Maes-yr- 
afallen, a farmhouse about 3 
miles from Barmouth, on the- 
road to Dolgelley, when he was 
about 28 years of age. He be- 
gan to preach about the year 
1790. For a time he conducted" 
one of Mr. Charles' Free Cir- 
culating Schools. He suffered 
much persecution because of his 
religion and his preaching 
practices. In 1795, he was fined' 
20 for preaching in his own 
house and at other places. He 
was a good singer, and at one 
time he was appointed pre- 
centor at the Association held" 
in his county. He was an ac- 
ceptable preacher, and render- 
ed much service to Methodism 
in his own district and the- 
neighbouring localities. Not- 
withstanding the hardships he 
was compelled to endure, 
through the persecution that 
prevailed, he continued faith- 
ful to the end of his life, which 
took place September 14th,. 



1829, aged So years. Method- 
istiaeth Gorllewin Meirionydd, 
vol. i. page 55. 

RWST, Denbighshire, was a 
native of Dinas Mawddwy, and 
was born in the year 1775. His 
parents lacked all interest in 
religious matters, and thus he 
had no early religious train- 
ing. They died whilst he was 
yet young, and he was provid- 
entially led to Bala, where he 
was apprenticed to Humphrey 
Edwards, who was a tinman. 
He was not long in this good 
man's family before he began 
to attend and enjoy the means 
of grace, and to be fond of the 
Bible. When nineteen years of 
age he married Humphrey 
Edwards's youngest daughter, 
and shortly afterwards, in 
1794, he removed to Llanrwst. 
In about three years' time he 
began to preach, and was soon 
received by the Association. 
His business and family duties 
hindered him from travelling 
much beyond the bounds of his 
Monthly Meeting, though he 
occasionally travelled farther 
afield. He visited South Wales 
once. His ministerial gifts 
were highly appreciated by the 
saints. Notwithstanding his 
early disadvantages, he gained 
a high position as a citizen, 
especially as a man of sound 
judgment. He was often chos- 
en arbitrator between parties 
who had quarrelled, and he 
would almost invariably bring 

to pass their reconciliation. 
Through his death, the church 
at Llanrwst lost a careful pastor 
and a faithful brother. He 
died March 25th, 1817, at the 
early age of 42 years. The Rev. 
Hugh Hughes, Abergele, was 
his son. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 188 ; Enwogion 
Swydd Feirion, page in. 

YCOED, Merionethshire. His 
name is in the list of early 
preachers. Y Gymdeit~has-fa, 
page 478. 

BACH, Denbighshire. His name 
is in the list of early preachers. 
Y Gymdeithasfa, page 475. 

Trichrug), LONDON, was born 
in the. year 1778, at Neuadd 
Ddu, in the parish of Ciliau 
Aeron, not far from the Tri- 
chrug heights, from which he 
took his bardic name. He spent 
his early years at home caring 
for his father's sheep and cattle 
on the hillside and bogs of Tri- 
chrug. During these years 
neither he nor any of his family 
had any thought of God or of 
their soul or of eternity. They 
were without hope and without 
God in the world. In October, 
1797, however, he was led to 
join the church at Llangeitho. 
Two years later he removed to 
London, where he pursued for 
a time his calling of a shoeing 
smith, and then at the anchor 
works, Deptford. Here he re- 
mained twenty-one years. When 



he reached the metropolis he 
had but little more religion 
than its name : he knew nothing 
of its power. It is therefore no 
marvel that he gave way to the 
temptations which beset him in 
his new and strange sphere, 
and he remained a prodigal in 
the far country for about two 
years. He then drew nearer to 
the brethren in the Welsh 
Chapel, without much deep 
concern however about his soul. 
When he applied for church 
membership, the Rev. John 
Elias, who was present, spoke 
to him in rather strong terms 
about his past misconduct. At 
first he was inclined to resent 
the strong language used, but 
the conversation brought forth 
good fruit. The medicine was 
bitter, but its effect was sancti- 
fying. He was drawn into 
close fellowship with the Lord's 
people, and began at once to 
take an active interest in the 
Lord's work. Moreover, he 
must have won the esteem and 
confidence of the church, for in 
1808 he was called to the dia- 
conate by the church at Dept- 
ford, and in 1810 he began to 
preach. At this time he was a 
married man, and had three 
children. He possessed no 
books excepting a Bible ; nor 
had he the means of purchasing 
any. In 1816, he was ordained 
at Llangeitho to the full work 
of the ministry. He had a very 
humble opinion of his own 
preaching abilities. Many a 

time, when listening to some of 
the eminent preachers from 
Wales who visited the metro- 
polis, he resolved never to 
preach again. Yet, he contin- 
ued in the work, preaching to 
the small Welsh congregations 
in London from year to year 
even to the end of his life. 
Though deeply conscious of his 
lack of ability as a preach- 
er, his preaching was popular 
and rich in blessing, and was 
most interesting. His language 
was always pure, as might be 
expected from a man who was 
a considerable poet. His voice 
was sweet and his delivery free. 
In addition to composing much 
original poetry, he translated 
several poems of great merit 
from English to Welsh. His 
translations of Grey's " Bard " 
and Blair's "Grave" are con- 
sidered equal to the originals. 
His chief literary work, how- 
ever, was his Commentary on 
the New Testament in two 
volumes, which became a house- 
hold book in most Welsh Meth- 
odist families, who could afford 
to become possessed of such a 
work. No Commentary was 
ever more highly appreciated. 
For many, James Hughes' opin- 
ion was considered a final 
authority. He commenced the 
work in 1829, and published it 
in 1835. Eight thousand cop- 
ies were sold in a short time, 
which was considered a great 
success. This encouraged him 



to proceed with the preparation 
of a similar Commentary on the 
Old Testament, and he had pro- 
ceeded as far as the 35th chap- 
ter of Jeremiah when death put 
an end to his labours. The 
Rev. Roger Edwards took in 
hand to complete the work. 
Mr. Hughes' Commentary was 
not so much an original com- 
position as a compilation from 
Matthew Henry, Scott, Guise, 
Doddridge, Poole, and others. 
Tt was, however, valued at a 
high price in Wales, and was 
very helpful to many a child of 
God in the study of the Scrip- 
tures. He wrote much, both in 
poetry and prose, to the " Seren 
Gomer," and in both forms of 
literature his writings were al- 
ways welcome and well-fin- 
ished. He resided in London 
to the end of his life, and took 
the deepest interest in the 
Lord's work, but he was never 
an acknowledged pastor, nor 
indeed did he do much of the 
work of a pastor : in this re- 
spect he was surpassed by the 
Rev. William Williams. 

He died in his home at 
Rotherhithe, Nov. 2nd, 1844, 
aged 66 years, and was bur- 
ied in Bunhill Fields Burial 
Ground, not many yards 
distant from the following 
celebrities Dr. Daniel Wil- 
liams, Dr. Watts, Dr. Jenkins, 
Carmarthen, Dr. John Owen, 
and alongside Dr. Richard 
Price. Methodistiaeth Cymrze, 
vol. iii. page 442 ; Y Geiniog- 

werth, vol. ii. page 36; En- 
wogion Ceredigion, page 96. 

CLAWDD, near Wrexham, began 
to preach in the year 1813. A 
Wrexham lady was so pleased 
with him, because of his beau- 
tiful character, that she under- 
took to defray his expenses at 
a school in Shrewsbury, so that 
he might become better qualified 
for his holy calling. But his 
health soon began to give way : 
consumption set in, and bore 
him to his grave when he was 
but twenty-two years of age, 
and two years after he had com- 
menced to preach. He was of 
so devout a spirit that he was 
often spoken of as the godly 
John Hughes. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii. page 101. 

VON, is sometimes spoken of as 
of Bangor. He died July 2oth, 
1828, when comparatively 

WELL, Flintshire, lived for 
some time at Bagillt, and be- 
gan to preach in 1804. He was 
proverbial for his ability in 
conducting church meetings 
rather than as a preacher. He 
died Dec. 4th, 1849, aged 6.5 
years, and was buried at 

GEITHO, was a clergyman who 
lived at Llangeitho, and co- 
operated with the Rev. Daniel 
Rowland. He died in the fifty- 
fourth year of his age. 


GOLLEN, Flintshire, is referred 
to in a list of deceased preach- 
ers in Y Drysorfa for 1835. 

LLECHID, Carnarvonshire, ac- 
companied the Rev. John Parry, 
Chester, on one of his itineran- 
cies in Anglesea in 1807. 

Carnarvonshire, ' was one of the 
early preachers of his district. 
His circumstances in life were 
humble, and his gifts were or- 
dinary ; but his character was 
blameless. Though he had but 
one talent, he did not wrap it 
up in a napkin, but used it in 
the best way he could in the ser- 
vice of his Master. 

shire, was one of the early 
preachers. He was appointed 
superintendent of the churches 
of Montgomeryshire, and after- 
wards of North Cardiganshire. 
He suffered considerable per- 
secution in the latter district. 
When preaching on one occa- 
sion at Pontrhydfendigaid, a 
number of fierce men, with 
staves, came to the house for 
the purpose of disturbing the 
meeting and punishing the 
preacher, but he escaped out of 
their hands without much in- 
jury. On another occasion he 
was seized and taken to Car- 
digan Gaol. He was refused 
bail, and so he had to remain in 
prison until the Assizes. This 
caused great grief to his 

friends. Both Harris and Dan- 
iel Rowland went to the Assizes, 
and through their appeal to the 
Chairman of the Grand Jury, 
and the promise that the pro- 
secutor should not be summoned 
for his conduct, the Grand Jury 
found no true bill, so Hughes 
was discharged, and the pro- 
secutor had to pay all costs. 
On his visits to the lower parts 
of the county, he met with a 
young lady, the heiress of 
Cwmhowni, near Aberporth, 
whom he married. Here he 
built a little chapel, in which 
many of the eminent preachers 
of North and South Wales 
preached. He rendered much 
service to the cause until some 
cloud darkened his path. The 
date of his death is not known. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 32 ; Methodistiaeth De 
Aberteifi, pages 294, 304, and 

DDERWEN, near Gwalchmai, 
was one of the early preachers 
of Anglesea. He acted the part 
of a pioneer, and sought to up- 
root the low and corrupt prac- 
tices of the people. He thus 
did much to prepare the way 
for the preaching of the Gospel, 
which ultimately brought to 
pass so great a change in Angle- 
sea. Methodistiaeth Mon, page 

ENGAN, Carnarvonshire, tra- 
velled considerably through 

1 3 2 


both North and South Wales, 
declaring the unsearchable 
riches of Christ. He was a 
brave and courageous man 
though his gifts were not 
bright. He laboured with much 
faithfulness, and was some- 
times favoured with powerful 
services. He died in the midst 
of his days. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii. page 138 ; 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 188. 

WEN, Anglesea, one of the 
earliest preachers of his Month- 
ly Meeting, at one time lived 
at Mechell and Coedana. In 
company with seventeen others, 
he was summoned before Lord 
Boston's agent, and the vicar of 
his parish, to hear what they 
had to say to those who took 
part in the Methodist move- 
ment. When the conditions in 
regard to religion were laid 
down, upon which their future 
tenancy of their homes and 
farms would depend, Richard 
Hughes failed to control him- 
self, though he was in the 
agent's parlour, and he began 
to jump in his wooden clogs, 
.and shout, " Indeed, God is to 
me infinitely kind ; glory to His 
name for ever : gain a farm 
.and lose a kingdom : no, 
never." The agent and vicar 
were amazed at this conduct. 
Hughes had to leave his small 
farm, and when leaving, carry- 
ing his box on his back to Bod- 
.afon, he sang, 

" Ymadael wnaf a'r babell, 
'Rwyn trigo ynddi yn avvr," &c. 

He removed to Llainwen. 
which became a preaching sta- 
tion and a home for the Church 
of Christ in the district. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i. 
page 113. 

LLITHFAEN, Carnarvonshire, be- 
gan to preach in the year 1781. 

LLAN, near Denbigh, was in his 
early years an enemy of the 
Methodist preachers. On one 
occasion, when John Thomas, 
Llangwnlle, afterwards of Den- 
bigh, was preaching at Hen- 
llan, a disturbance arose. The 
women had been incited to 
bring out their frying pans and 
thus keep a great noise to pre- 
vent the preacher's voice being 
heard. Moreover, the preacher 
had to take to his heels to 
escape from the brutal treat- 
ment of the mob. As he was 
running he was tripped up by 
two brothers, Thomas and 
Joshua Hughes, and received 
considerable injury. After this, 
Thomas became a preacher, and 
Joshua also became a bright 
Christian. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. iii. page 238. 

ERPOOL, was a native of Bala, 
and was born in the year 1758. 
He was one of the founders of 
Calvinistic Methodism in Liv- 
erpool, and rendered yeoman 
service in connection with the 


cause for many years. His 
father was a carpenter, and 
brought him up to the same 
craft. He was early taught to 
read, write, and cipher. He 
also experienced religious im- 
pressions when young, but these 
passed away. When about 24 
years of age he occasionally at- 
tended preaching services, and 
his early religious impressions 
returned, occasioning him con- 
siderable concern about his 
soul. He however found relief 
through hearing a sermon by 
the Rev. Daniel Rowland on 
the words, " God so loved the 
world," &c. (John iii. 16). He 
thus escaped from his spiritual 
anxiety as a bird from the snare 
of the fowler, and enjoyed ever 
afterwards the peace which 
passeth all understanding. He 
at once joined the Methodists at 
Bala. In 1787, he went to Liv- 
erpool to perfect himself in his 
craft, fully proposing to return 
and make Bala his home ; but 
that purpose was never carried 
forth. He was led to settle per- 
manently in Liverpool, which 
was a growing seaport. In two 
years' time he began to preach, 
and as Liverpool was far away 
from Wales, and preachers were 
few, his services, which were 
eminently acceptable, were in 
great demand. In 1816, he was 
ordained to the full work of the 
ministry. He was remarkable 
for his knowledge of divinity, 
the freshness of his thoughts, 
the equableness of his temper, 

and the firmness of his decision. 
His preaching aimed more at 
the edification of the saints than 
the conversion of sinners, and 
thus his ministry was highly ap- 
preciated by the churches. He 
died Nov. 2, 1828, aged 70 
years. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 405 ; Enwogion 
Swydd Feirion, page 70. 

DREF, Denbighshire sometimes 
LLECHID, was born in the year 
1739. He was 29 years of age 
when he first began to think 
about his soul. He then joined 
the Methodist church at Tany- 
fron. In three years' time he 
preached his first sermon at 
Gilgwyn, Llandrillo - yn - rhbs, 
through that a preacher from 
South Wales who had come to 
Cilgwyn from Tanyfron was too 
fatigued, and had to go to bed. 
Hughes had such freedom and 
pleasure in preaching on this 
occasion that he took to the work 
in real earnest. In a few years 
he built a house at Penucha'-. 
Uwchdref. Whilst living here, 
he often preached in the streets 
of Conway, or under the walls, 
or wherever he could get an 
audience to hear him. But the 
clergyman and those who sym- 
pathized with him were bitter 
in their opposition. One Sun- 
day he was seized and taken be- 
fore the clergyman, who told 
him that he should be a very 
learned man to go about preach- 
ing, and that he should be able 


to answer deep questions. 
Hughes asked him, "What 

" Here they are, those which 
my Lord Bishop asked me; let 
me see can you answer them. 
' Where was the Apostle Paul 
born? 3 " 


"Ho! I see you know some- 
thing too. Can you say who took 
charge of the Virgin Mary after 
our blessed Lord's death?" 


" Who wrote the Book of Re- 
velation? that's a poser for 

" The Apostle John." 

"Well, indeed, you know a 
good deal." 

"Well, sir," Hughes then 
said, "may I ask you a ques- 

"Yes, of course, provided 
that it bears upon religion and 

"Well, what is holiness? or 
how are sinners to be justified 
before God?" 

" Oh ! it is not our business to 
trouble ourselves about such 
things, and it is no business of 
yours to ask such questions to a 
man like me. Go away from 
before me this minute." And 
he said to those who brought 
him, " Do not bring such people 
to me again." 

So henceforth Thomas Hughes 
had quiet to carry on his work 
at Conway. The story regard- 
ing the method he took to preach 
at Towyn-y-lleri a place be- 

tween Llandudno and Conway 
is very remarkable, and reveals 
the perils amid which the 
fathers laboured. He had a 
hand also in starting the cause 
at Llanllechid, where he after- 
wards lived for some years. He 
would on a Sunday morning 
walk from Mochdre to Llan- 
llechid, a distance of nearly 20 
miles, and return the same even- 
ing. He also preached fre- 
quently at a place near Llan- 
santffraid Glan Conway in the 
district where Moriah Chapel 
was subsequently erected. 
Whilst his efforts were thus 
laborious and abundant, his 
knowledge was really very lim- 
ited. His sermons were of a 
rambling character, lacking all 
order, yet he was instrumental 
in leading many to Christ ; what 
he lacked in knowledge he made 
up through his fervour and 
energy. He died in 1827, aged 
88 years. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. iii. page 254. 

MACHNO, Carnarvonshire, was 
one of the early preachers. 

ENGAN, Carnarvonshire, was 
born at Dolgelley in the year 
1806. When about thirteen 
years of age he was employed to 
look after a neighbouring farm- 
er's sheep. This instrumentally 
led to his neglecting the means 
of grace, until he lost all desire 
for such services. His health 
giving way, he took to weaving. 
His thoughts were now led 


afresh to be concerned about his 
soul, and in 1825 he joined a 
Congregational church. In 
1829 he removed to Llanengan, 
where, in the year 1830, he mar- 
ried. Two years later he be^an 
to preach. In 1835 he joined the 
Methodists, and in 1838 permis- 
sion was given him to preach. 
There was nothing special about 
his gifts or his attainments, but 
he sought to impress upon his 
hearers the ordinary truths of 
the Gospel. He made two itin- 
erancies to South Wales, and 
several through North Wales. 
Towards the end of 1846 his 
health again became impaired, 
and he died November 27th, 
1847. Y Drysor-fa, 1848, page 
231 ; Enwogion Swydd Feirion, 
page 131. 

TWSYCOED, Carnarvonshire, was 
one of the early preachers. 

WYS, Flintshire, first joined the 
church at Caerwys, where he 
lived the greater part of his 
life. He resided for a time in 
Chester, and also at Bala. He 
was ordained at Bala in 1816. 
He took a prominent part in the 
cause within the bounds of his 
Monthly Meeting. He was a 
self-educated man, and gathered 
considerable information. He 
was a sensible, though not a 
popular preacher. His name ap- 
peared on the wrapper of the 
first number of Mr. Charles' 
" Geiriadur" (Dictionary), as 
having a hand in its produc- 

tion. Indeed, the words are : 
" Y mae y Gwaith yn cael ei 
ddwyn yn mlaen gan y Parch- 
edig T. Charles, B.A., a John 
Humphreys, ac riid ydys yn ar- 
bed un draul na llafur tuag at 
ei wneuthur yn ddefnyddiol." 
(The work is carried on by the 
Revs. T. Charles, B.A., and 
John Humphreys, and neither 
cost nor labour is spared, so as 
to make it useful). Gwilym 
Lleyn, in his " Llyfryddiaeth y 
Cymry," argues that Mr. 
Charles had little to do with the 
first number of the Dictionary 
beyond editing it, extending 
from A to Barnu, covering 88 
pages. Mr. Charles Ashton 
agrees with him, and states his 
belief that the chief writer of 
the first number was the Rev. 
John Humphreys. Rev.' Jona- 
than Jones, in his Memoir of 
Rev. Thomas Jones, Denbigh, 
page 151, expresses the belief 
that Mr. Humphreys' connection 
with the work was simply that 
of proof-reader, he being at the 
time engaged as proof-reader 
and editor in the printing-office 
in Chester. 

He is said to have translated 
Samuel Clark's Bible into 

At the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century, a great discus- 
sion raged in Wales between 
Calvinism and Arminianism, 
when Mr. Humphreys pub- 
lished an edition of Mr. Eliseus 
Cole's Essay on "the Sover- 


eignty of God " in Welsh. At 
least two editions had been 
previously published, one in 
1711, and a second, revised by 
the Rev. Peter Williams, in 
1760. Mr. Humphreys was a 
joint writer with the Rev. John 
Roberts, Llangwm, of the first 
Memoir of the Rev. Thomas 
Jones, Denbigh. Neither of 
these brethren wrote much of the 
work, as, out of the 127 pages 
which the book contains, 87 con- 
sist of an autobiography, and 13 
contain letters from friends. 
Mr. Humphreys died April gth, 
1829, aged 62 years. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, \Q\. iii. page 177. 
NARVON, was a nailor by trade, 
and seems to have done con- 
siderable business. He was also 
for some years a successful and 
popular preacher. He delivered 
seven sermons at Llanllyfni 
during the latter half of the 
year 1813. When preaching one 
Sabbath at Brynengan, Owen 
Owens, Corsywlad, was among 
the hearers, and the truth 
pierced his heart. He was so 
deeply impressed that on his 
way home Owen turned into a 
sheep fold on the farm Tuhwnt- 
i'r-mynydd, and for the first 
time in his life fell on his knees 
and prayed, and spent much of 
the night in prayer. As is 
known, Owen became one of the 
most prominent deacons in his 
district. Another useful and 
faithful deacon at Bethel, Mr. 
Henry Jones, a blacksmith, was 

also converted under a sermon 
by Humphreys. Unfortunately, 
he had to be suspended, in 1829, 
from preaching, because of his 
fondness for drink, which got 
the mastery over him. He then 
went to Liverpool, where he 
spent three years. Upon his re- 
turn to Carnarvon, he took the 
temperance pledge, and spent 
the residue of his days as a 
bright Christian. He was a 
preacher for twenty years from 
1809 to 1829. He died October 
1 7th, 1845, aged 70 years, and 
was buried at Llanbeblig. 
Owen Owens, Cors-y-wlad, page 

VON, .was a native of Liverpool, 
but removed early in life to thef 
neighbourhood of Carnarvon, 
and afterwards to the town it- 
self. When he came to this dis- 
trict he was a monoglot English- 
man ; but he soon learnt the 
Welsh language. He began to 
preach at Llanrug when he was 
about 36 years of age, and had 
many of the elements of a popu- 
lar preacher, his ministry being 
acceptable, not only to the 
saints, but to all his hearers. 
He had a most melodious voice. 
He was a very worthy man, a 
good divine, an able critic, a 
sweet preacher, and in manners 
a gentleman. He had a fairly 
good education in early life, 
and continued a diligent reader, 
devoting special attention to 
history, both ecclesiastical and. 



secular. His sermons were 
short and interesting. It was a 
loss to the denomination that he 
confined his preaching exercises 
almost entirely to Carnarvon 
and the neighbourhood. He 
seldom attended even his own 
Monthly Meeting. He was 
chosen to be ordained in June, 
1834, but for some unknown 
reason he declined the honour. 
He was highly respected in Car- 
narvon 'as a man of sound sense 
and noble character, deeply re- 
ligious, and of refined taste. He 
died July 8th, 1846, aged 76 
years. Y Drysorfa, vol. xyi. 
page 256; vol. xix. page 217. 

FECCA, Breconshire, was in the 
service of Howel Harris, and 
after his conversion at once be- 
gan to exhort. In 1744, he was 
seized by the press-gang for the 
army, and was taken to the gaol 
at Brecon to await orders as to 
the regiment which he should 
join. Fortunately for him, it 
was found that he was too short 
for the army, so it was thought 
he might be sent to the navy, 
Great efforts however were made 
to secure his release, and in 
this, though with great diffi- 
culty, the friends succeeded. 
Whilst in prison, awaiting his 
removal, he preached three 
times every day to those who 
were brought there like himself 
by the press-gang. Repeated 
testimony was borne to the 
efficacy of his preaching, as he 
went up and down the country. 

What became of him is not 
known, whether he died com- 
paratively young, or was he or- 
dained as a Congregational 
minister in England. However, 
he rendered good service to- 
Methodism at its start. Y Tad- 
au Methodistaidd, vol. i. page 
222 ; Life of Howell Harris, by 
H. J. Hughes, page 279. 

Cardiganshire, was one of the 
early and well-known preachers. 
He was contemporary with John 
Williams (Sion Scubor), and 
Evan Evans (Evan Tanner). 
He was born at Llanilar in 1766, 
and was the son of Richard 
James, who, after his conver- 
sion, became remarkable for his 
piety and his gift of singing. 
He was brought up a shoemaker, 
and when seventeen years of age 
he married ; and though he was 
young, his wife was still young- 
er, being only fifteen. Some- 
time after his marriage he set 
up his home at Llanvihangel, 
near Penygarn, and ere long he 
removed to Taigwynion, still 
nearer Penygarn, where he con- 
tinued to live to the end of his 
life. It is not known when he 
first declared for Christ, or 
where he began to preach. As a. 
man and as a preacher he was 
after his own stamp. By the 
people generally he was con- 
sidered a poor preacher, though 
he often gave expression to- 
original and striking sayings : 
but he lacked voice and style 
to become popular. The Rev. 


Ebenezer Richard thought very 
highly of his expository powers. 
The Rev. Ebenezer Morris also 
remarked that had Isaac re- 
ceived a fairly good educa- 
tion he would have been the 
best preacher of Cardigan- 
shire. The Rev. Richard Jones, 
Wern, had equally high 
thoughts of him. In a notice of 
his death in the Evangelical 
Magazine, he is referred to as 
the best expounder of the Scrip- 
tures in Wales. Speaking on 
the words "What hast thou in 
thy house?" he remarked " To 
ask what hast thou in thy 
house?" would be the same as 
to ask, What hast thou in thine 
heart? There are some young 
people listening to me to-night 
who would not for the world re- 
veal many things that enter 
their hearts. I do not find fault 
with them. I say many things 
to my wife which I would not 
say to any one else. But there 
are many things coming to my 
heart which I would not like her 
to know. But God knows the 
history of the heart altogether 
.... Take care of thy house 
lest the exciseman should come 
and find things which thou 
wouldst not like." But though 
he would give expression to 
some very forcible and interest- 
ing truths, yet his style was 
dry, and his ways were pecu- 
liar. He travelled a good deal 
through North and South Wales 
on preaching excursions, some- 
times alone, and sometimes in 

company with others. He died 
April 14, 1840, aged 74 years. 
When about to pass away the 
clergyman asked him, "How do 
you think it will fare with you 
when you reach the other side?" 
" Oh ! I leave that to His hon- 
our. I have entrusted myself 
to Him these many years, and I 
know He will be up to His 
word." Y Traethodydd, xxviii. 
page 405 ; Cofiant Dr. Lewis 
Edwards, page 2. 

GAVENNY, was born Nov. 24th, 
1760, at Penyblaen, in the par- 
ish of Aberedw, Radnorshire, 
and was known to the end of his 
life in Methodist circles as Mr. 
James James, Penyblaen. His 
parents were well-to-do, living 
on their own farm ; and owning 
property as well. They were 
thorough-going people of the 
world, devoid of all sympathy 
with religion. As might be ex- 
pected from such home influ- 
ences, James grew up in the 
footsteps of his parents, and 
took no interest whatsoever in 
divine things. Thus he lived 
until he was twenty years of 
age, when a complete change 
came suddenly and unexpectedly 
to pass. He was returning home 
from Builth one market day, 
when a voice, which seemed to 
come from heaven, shouting 
"Eternity! eternity! eternity!" 
fell upon his ears. He had no 
idea whence the voice came, nor 
did he ever discover whose it 



was, but it stirred his soul to 
its depths, and caused him for 
days the deepest distress of 
mind. He had to take to his bed. 
His body as well as his mind 
received a great shock, and he 
Jmew not where to turn for re- 
lief. There was, however, a 
pious lady living not far dis- 
tant, a Mrs. Morgan, Celynen, 
in whose home Lady Hunting- 
don's students were accustomed 
to preach. He sent for her, and 
she brought him the consolation 
of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 
The result was that he threw in 
his lot with a small branch of 
Builth church at, as is sup- 
posed, Llansantffraid. Ere long 
lie began to preach. He was 
then 22 years of age. His par- 
ents were wild with rage. They 
considered that he was bringing 
much disgrace upon the family. 
It was a grief to them that 
lie joined the Methodists, 
"but that he should become 
a preacher awakened their bitter- 
est indignation. His father re- 
solved to disinherit him of his 
property and bequeath it to a 
younger brother. He carried 
out his purpose without delay, 
.and having died the following 
year, the brother inherited the 
estate. Immediately upon this, 
James entered Lady Hunting- 
don's College at Trevecca to 
study for the ministry. But in 
two years' time, in 1786 the 
"brother died, so the property 
soon fell to James. In the same 
year he married Miss Sarah 

Woosman, Trefeglwys, Mont- 
gomeryshire, and he gave him- 
self with earnestness to preach 
the Gospel. He arranged for 
preaching services in his own 
house, and often preached him- 
self. He never travelled much 
through North Wales, but he 
officiated occasionally for two 
or three months at a time at 
Chester, in Mr. Oliver's chapel. 
He was among the ministers or- 
dained at Llandilo in 1811, and 
travelled a good deal in South 
Wales, as a powerful and 
acceptable preacher. The aroma 
of his name filled the circle of 
Methodism, especially in Brec- 
onshire, until very recent years. 
He lived for seven years at Tre- 
fecca. In consequence of his 
extreme obesity, which grew 
upon him and rendered it very 
inconvenient for him to itin- 
erate, he accepted the pastorate 
of a Congregational church at 
Abergavenny, where he remain- 
ed thirteen years. But he never 
broke his connection with the 
Methodists. When possible, he 
would attend the Associations, 
and take a prominent part there- 
at. He had a firm, strong voice, 
and was a preacher of more than 
ordinary ability. Moreover, he 
was blessed with much sound 
sense, readiness of speech, and 
great courage. In Chester, he 
was called " the roaring preach- 
er," a similar phrase to that 
which Rowland Hill applied to 
Ebene2er Morris. He preached 
frequently in the Methodist 



chapels of Monmouthshire. He 
was present at Penycae at the 
opening of the chapel in 1822. 
Considerable difficulty had to be 
overcome to get him to the 
chapel, the roadway being so 
muddy. Indeed, he was carried 
by the colliers and the puddlers. 
But whilst unable to walk, he 
was able to stand up and preach, 
and had a powerful service. He 
died April loth, 1831. A 
daughter, Mrs. Hall, lived at 
Pencelli, near Brecon, for many 
years. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 322. 

CHAPEL, Pembrokeshire, began 
to preach in the year 1812. His 
career was comparatively brief, 
as he died about the year 1820. 

RHYDYFEN, Glamorganshire, was 
among the second batch of 
preachers ordained at Llandilo, 
August, 1813. He began to 
preach in the year 1786. Dur- 
ing the last ten years of his life, 
his physical infirmities were 
such that he was unable to 
preach except occasionally at 
his home. He died March 2yth, 
1840, aged 82 years, and was 
buried in Llanvihangel Church- 

ADARN, Breconshire, was ap- 
pointed a public exhorter at the 
first Association held at Wat- 
ford, and at the second, he was 
given the oversight of the 
churches of Breconshire on the 
same side of the Usk as Tre- 

vecca. He was converted, ap- 
parently, under the ministry of 
Howel Harris, and at once, like 
the woman of Samaria, began to 
exhort others. This was so early 
as 1741. In 1742, he wrote to 
Harris in London, giving an ac- 
count of a visit made by him, 
accompanied by old William 
Evans, Nantmel, to a feast- 
held at Llanfihangel, where 
both were roughly handled by 
the mob, but he ultimately 
preached. Reference is made to 
him as visiting Denbighshire' 
at a very early period. What 
became of him in his later years 
is not known. The last refer- 
ence to him, according to Y Methodistaidd, is in a 
letter written by Rice Williams, 
dated Dec. 28, 1748. He must 
have died before the rupture be- 1 
tween Harris and Rowland. He- 
was of a gentle disposition, yet 
brave as a lion. One of his re- 
ports as overseer appears in 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i 
pages 155, 165. Two affection- 
ate letters from Howel Harris 
to him from London are in 
H. J. Hughes' "Life of Howel 
Harris," pages 326, 328. In one, 
January 4, 1747, he addresses 
him in the familiar terms, " My 
dear, dear Tommy," and it was 
written " near three in the 

CYSSWCH, Cardiganshire, was- 
one of the earliest exhorters,. 
and was well-to-do in the world. 



The wife of Rev. Ebenezer 
Richards, Tregaron, on. her 
mother's side, was his grand- 
daughter. He was remarkable 
for his piety. He was present 
at one of the earliest Associa- 
tions held at Llanddeusant. 

was a native of Llangeitho, and 
married Ann, Rev. Daniel 
Rowland's third daughter. He 
removed to London soon after 
the erection of Wilderness Row 
Chapel in 1785, and often 
preached there and . in Gravel 
Lane and Deptford. He had a 
orother, David, who was a 
clergyman, and of whom Daniel 
Rowland had a very high opin- 
ion : at his death, which took 
place when he was young, 
Rowland said that he had lost 
his right arm. Daniel Jenkins 
had two daughters, who were 
not church members. Two 
young men, who were brothers, 
and members of the church, 
married these young women, 
and were disciplined by the 
church under the direction of 
Edward Jones, because the mar- 
riage was a breach of the cus- 
tomary rules of Methodism, 
though at the time no distinct 
rules had been formulated. Mr. 
Jenkins was so hurt at this pro- 
cedure, that he left the Connex- 
ion and joined the Congrega- 
tionalists, taking with him the 
chapel of Gravel Lane, and a 
large portion of the church 
members, and thus formed the 
first Welsh Congregational 

Church in the metropolis. 

NARVONSHIRE, was born in the 
neighbourhood of Llanddewi 
Brefi, Cardiganshire. His 
brother, Daniel,, was a son-in- 
law of Daniel Rowland. He 
was brought up a clergyman, 
and was sent by Mr. Rowland 
to Lleyn to support the efforts 
that were , being made for the 
spread of the Gospel in that 
part of Carnarvonshire. It 
was thought that, as he was an 
ordained clergyman, he would 
escape the persecution which be- 
fel the lay preachers, but his 
experience was otherwise. He 
was promised by the vicar of 
Tydweiliog that he should 
preach in his church, but when 
the time came, the vicar's cour- 
age gave way, and the promise 
was withdrawn. This action 
did not cause Jenkins to keep 
silent. He stood on a tomb- 
stone near the church, and had 
an unusually powerful service : 
the arm of the Lord was made 
bare in the salvation of many. 
His day of service, however, 
was short, but it was one into 
which he pressed much work for 
God. He died when he was 
only 25 years of age. When 
Daniel Rowland heard of his 
death, he exclaimed with in- 
tense sorrow " My right arm 
has been cut off." Enwogion 
Ceredigion, page no; Method- 
istiaeth De Aberteifi, page 25. 

ILAR, Cardiganshire, was or- 



dained at Llangeitho, August 
7th, 1829. He afterwards went 
to America. Methodistiaeth 
iaeth De Abertezfi, page 25. 

SARN, Cardiganshire, was the 
first- lay preacher who officiated 
in Llanllian Chapel, Carmar- 
thenshire, and this, under 
rather accidental circumstances, 
led to the pulling down of the 
wall of partition in that sacred 
edifice, between cleric and 
lay preachers. This chapel was 
for many years a great centre, 
where the saints gathered to 
celebrate the ordinance of the 
Lord's Supper. It was one of 
the few unconsecrated buildings 
where the clergy administered 
the ordinances. Mr. Jenkins 
had come to the locality to 
preach. So he went to the ser- 
vice at the chapel, where a 
clergyman was expected to 
officiate that morning : but the 
clergyman failed to make his 
appearance. In the emergency, 
Mr. Philip Walters, who had a 
lease on the land on which the 
chapel was built, pressed Mr. 
Jenkins to preach, but as he was 
not in Holy Orders he shrank 
from doing so and refused, as 
it would be at his peril as a 
preacher. Mr. Walters persist- 
ed that he should preach, say- 
ing, " If my Lord Dynevor (his 
landlord) is the owner of the 
land, I have full authority to 
permit you to go there, as I 
have a lease on the farm, and 

the chapel is built on the farm. 
If the Bishop is the owner, 
then I am his warden this year. 
If the Methodists are the 
owners, you, as one of its 
preachers, have the right to use 
it." This settled the matter, 
and Jenkins, a lay preacher, 
officiated, and henceforth, lay 
preachers and clergymen 
preached therein on equal 

LOES, was a shoemaker by trade. 
He is included among those pre- 
sent at an Association held at 
Tyddyn, near Llanidloes, Aug- 
ust 22nd, 1745. Richard Tibbot, 
as overseer in Montgomeryshire, 
in his report to the Association, 
speaks highly of him as one 
who was very acceptable to his 
hearers. In another letter he 
speaks of him and Lewis Evan, 
Llanllugan, as being successful 
in their ministry under the bles- 
sing of God 

one of the seven acknowledged, 
at the first Association held at 
Watford, as public exhorters. 
He was born in the parish of 
Mynydd Islwyn, Monmouth- 
shire, in the year 1721. His 
parents were religious people 
and well-to-do in the world. He 
was for a time in school in 
Bristol. Apparently, he was 
converted under the ministry 
of Howel Harris, and soon be- 
gan to exhort others to come to 
Jesus. His name is the first in 



the list of exhorters received at 
the first Association at Wat- 
ford. And at the second he 
was appointed to assist Harris 
in. the English section of the 
work. Harris thought very 
highly of him. He joined 
Wesley's societies for a time. 
He also assisted Whitfield. He 
sought ordination at the hands 
of the Bishop of Bristol, but 
because of his association with 
the Methodists his request was 
refused. In 1749, he threw in 
his lot with the Congregation- 
alists, and was ordained the 
minister of a Congregational 
church at Maidstone, where he 
laboured for 24 years. He died 
Dec. nth, 1772. He was an 
earnest and able man, and 
would not have left the Method- 
ists could he have been or- 
dained. Y Tadau Methodist- 
aidd, page 220. 

shire, was one of the early ex- 
horters. He had a special 
gift for conducting church 
meetings, which was of great 
worth. MetJiodisttaeth De 

Aberteifi, page 95. 

UWCH, Cardiganshire, was the 
son of John Jenkins, who kept 
a Welsh school in various places 
for three months at a time. 
Thomas was known as an able 
preacher. He was a great 

divine, and composed several 
Catechisms for the use of Sab- 

bath Schools. He died in 1836, 
aged 40 years. He is referred 
to in Evan Rees' Elegy to the 
Rev. John Williams, Liedrod, 
in the following terms : 

"Ein brawd Thomas Jenkins aetb 


Trwy rydau'r lorddonen yn gref ; 
Shibboleth yn helaeth lefarodd, 

Trwy foroedd fe nofiodd i'r nef ; 
I'w gartref trag'wyddol diangodd, 
Fel miloedd o'i frodyr o'i fla'n ; 
Er gorfod cyfarfod a marw, 

Mae heddyw'n bur groew ei gan." 

ANERCH, known for some years 
as of Blaencefn, Cardigan- 
shire, at which place he was 
born. His parents were John 
and Esther Jenkins. He had the 
misfortune when a lad to suffer 
from an attack of small pox, 
followed by an affection of the 
spine, which led to his be- 
coming considerably deformed. 
He was ever afterwards debili- 
tated in body, but his mental 
faculties were strong. He was 
a great reader and a clear 
thinker. He began to preach 
at Talgarth, Breconshire, 
whither he had gone, at the re- 
quest of the Rev. William 
Havard, to open a school. From 
here he removed to the neigh- 
bourhood of Carmel Chapel, 
Llanelly, Breconshire, and 
rendered much service to the 
young church. He was 

amongst the first batch of 
students who entered Trevecca 
College at its opening, October, 
1842. His stay however was 
short, and he resided during his- 



few remaining days upon earth 
at Blaenanerch, where he died 
on January igth, 1844, aged 41 
years ,and was buried at Peny- 
bryn. He was a charming 
preacher, having a fine voice, 
a popular style of delivery, and 
was moreover a man of pro- 
found thought. A sermon 5 
taken from his own manuscript, 
appeared in the Drysorfa, Octo- 
ber, 1849. Methodistiaeth De 
Aberteifi, page 319. 

BWYS, Cardiganshire, was one 
of the early exhorters. MetTi- 
odistiaeth De Aberieifz, page 

JOHN, MR. DAFYDD, spoken of 
in "Y Tadau Methodistaidd " 
as Dafydd Hugh, PWLLY- 
MARCH, Cardiganshire, one of 

the early preachers of Method- 
ism, was proverbial for his gift 
in prayer. At an Association 
held at Capel Newydd, Pem- 
brokeshire, the preaching ser- 
vice on the first evening was 
rather dull and heavy. At the 

"ten o'clock service on the fol- 
lowing morning, when the first 

-clergyman preached, it was 
very similar. The Rev. Daniel 
Rowland was to follow, but be- 
fore he stood up he called upon 
Dafydd John to engage in a 

"brief prayer, in the hope of 

^breaking the dark cloud that 
seemed to hang over the congre- 
gation. He at once rose and 
prayed with great fervour " O 

"Lord Jesus ! for the sake of 

Thine agony and bloody sweat, 
hear my cry ! Thy servants on 
the past evening sought to use 
the fan, and so also this morn- 
ing again, but all in vain : 
they can do nothing, 'Lord ; not 
a breath of heavenly wind has 
come upon the services." He 
then repeated again and again 
"The breath, Lord! the 
breath gracious Lord ! It was 
Thy gift formerly, it is Thy 
gift still !" Upon this a shower 
of tenderness and weeping 
came over the hearers at once, 
and Rowland preached with 
much unction and eloquence. 
The Rev. William Williams 
wrote an Elegy to his memory, 
and in one verse he says : 

" 'Mhlith pregethwyr p'un mor syml? 

P ! un mor onest, p'un morblaen? 
P'un mor isel, p'un mor ddifri ? 

P'un oedd mor felused sain ? 
P'un bregethai heb astudio. 

Fry a'i lygaid tua'r nen ? 
Ildiwchiddo, weinidogion, 

Pwllymarch ei hun oedd ben " 

From other portions of the 
Elegy, it is evident that he was 
well-known throughout South 
Wales, and that he had a fine 
treble voice. Y Tadati Mefhod- 
istaidd, vol. i. page 59 ; O 
Farwnad Dafydd John, gan 
Williams Pantycelyn. 

LLANGEITHO, Cardiganshire, 
one of the early exhorters, was 
of a very warm temperament. 
When holding a meeting at 
Parcrhydderch on one occasion, 
the house was so filled with the 
spirit of praise that the service 


continued for some hours, and 
at last finished without the ser- 

COTHI, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the exhorters present at 
Llanddeusant, at the first 
Monthly Meeting held in 1743, 
and was appointed superin- 
tendent of the churches in Car- 
marthenshire, when Milbourne 
Bloom resigned the office. He 
found the cause in the town of 
Carmarthen very weak; in the 
year 1745, he reports that it was 
impossible to obtain quiet there 
to preach. He laboured for a 
time at Talle (Talyllychau?) 
There were two others of the 
name of John labouring in ad- 
joining districts Morris John 
at Llangathen and Llanfyn- 
ydd ; Joseph John at Llansawel. 
Possibly, they were brothers. 
Most probably, William John 
is the same person as is spoken 
of as William Jones, GlancotFi, 
of whom, and two others who 
visited Bala to officiate in the 
early period when Bala was de- 
pendent for its ministry upon 
preachers from South Wales, 
Mr. John Evans relates, "These 
three were sensible, unpreten- 
tious, and godly men." He 
laboured with the Methodists 
with much diligence and faith- 
fulness until his death. A re- 
ference to William John and 
Milbourne Bloom was made in 
a letter from Harris to Rowland 
in 1743, and inserted in Hugh 

Joshua Hughes' " Life of Har- 
ris," page 270. 

FYLLIN, Montgomeryshire, was 
born at Trefeglwys in the year 
1775. The fiery ministry of 
Rev. Robert Roberts, Clynnog, 
in 1796, was the means of his 
conversion. Two years later he 
was chosen a deacon of the 
church, and in 1802 he began to 
preach. In 1807, at his mar- 
riage with Mrs. Jones, a widow 
lady who carried on a thriving 
business at Llanfyllin, he re- 
moved to that town to reside. 
He was ordained at Bala, June 
i2th, 1822. He was well-known, 
and his ministry highly accept- 
able through the two provinces 
of the Principality. He was 
considered a sensible, faith- 
ful, and kind man, truly de- 
voted to the Lord and His 
work. The Rev. John Hughes, 
Pontrobert, speaking of him at 
Denbigh Association, soon after 
his death, said, that "his ripe- 
ness for heaven was very evi- 
dent ere he was taken away. 
The essential elements of the 
doctrines which are according 
to godliness were the themes of 
his ministry, and the comfort 
of his thoughts. He preached 
three times on the Sabbath pre- 
ceding his death, and said to 
the friends that night that he 
was about to go to heaven : the 
following Sabbath he went 
there almost unawares to him- 
self." The Rev. John Elias 



also remarked that he had tra- 
velled much in his company, 
that they had been together 
several times in South Wales, 
but that he had never seen in 
him the slightest indication of 
anything unbecoming to a 
Christian. He died May loth, 
1840. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page 422. 

ESDA, Carnarvonshire, was the 
son of the Rev. Daniel Jones, 
Carneddi. He was brought up 
in the church of God, and was 
trained at home in the principles 
of the Christian religion. He 
lived an exemplary life, but it 
was short. He was born in 
1817, and began to preach in 
1838, and was received a mem- 
ber of the Association at Pwll- 
heli, September loth, 1840. He 
had a rather long illness, but 
was able to testify when dying 
that he was dying in the Lord. 
He passed away April 22nd, 
1843. A sermon which he 
preached at Carneddi in 1842 
appeared in the Drysorfa for 
December, 1845. He was ^ ur " 
ied in Llanllechid Churchyard. 
Y Drysorfa, vol. xiv. page 192. 

was the son of the well-known 
Welsh bard, Edward Jones, 
Maesyplwm, near Denbigh, 
and was born September i2th. 
1813. His early home influ- 
ences were of the best kind, and 
when fourteen years of age he 
was received into full member- 

ship by the church at Llyny- 
pandy, Flintshire. He early 
formed the habit of keeping a 
daily record of his religious 
feelings and manner of life. 
When sixteen he made a written 
covenant with the Lord, under- 
taking to consecrate himself 
entirely to His service, and tc 
walk in His fear and love. In 
1835 he had a strong wish to be- 
come a missionary in Ireland, 
but his denomination was not 
prepared to undertake such a 
mission. Early in 1839, ^ e was 
led to offer himself to the 
Church Missionary Society. 
The Committee in London 
treated him with much kind- 
ness, but after spending some 
weeks at their preparatory in- 
stitution, he could not bring his 
mind to agree with the condi- 
tions upon which alone he could 
be received as a missionary. 
So he returned to Cilcain, 
Flintshire, where he was a 
teacher in a National School. 
Shortly after this he was elect- 
ed a deacon by the church at 
Pentref, and was soon pressed 
to exercise his gifts as a preach- 
er. Having received permission 
from his Monthly Meeting^ he 
delivered his first sermon in 
Pentref chapel in February, 
1841, and in March, 1842, he 
was received by his Quarterly 
Association, which was held at 
Mold. He then proceeded to 
Bala College. In June, 1843, 
it was resolved that he should 


make a preaching tour through 
both North and South Wales, 
that the churches might know 
him. He was accompanied on 
this tour through South Wales 
by the Rev. Owen Jones, then 
of Mold. At an Association 
held at Bala in June, 1844, it 
was finally resolved that he 
should be proposed to the 
Foreign Mission Board as a 
candidate for the mission field. 
Being accepted, he was ordain- 
ed at Bala, June nth, 1845, and 
was married to Miss Ann 
Evans in July. On September 
1 3th he sailed from Liverpool 
for Calcutta, and reached there 
in safety. He started for the 
Khassia Hills on January 3ist, 
and on February aist he had 
the first glimpse of those high, 
precipitous, rugged mountains. 
On the night of the 23rd he 
reached Cherrapoonjee, where 
he was received with great joy 
by Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, and 
several of the natives. He at 
once set about learning the 
language of the people; and 
the following November, in 
company with Mr. Lewis, he 
went in search of a locality 
where he might settle down to 
his life-work. But on his re- 
turn journey he caught the 
jungle fever, and to the sorrow 
of all his friends on the Hills 
and in Wales, he died Decem- 
ber 2nd. He was thus struck 
down just as he had completed 
his preparatory work for His 

loving, task. It was a deep dis- 
appointment to many, and a 
great trial of faith to the 
friends of the young Mission- 
ary enterprise on the Khassia 
Hills. Verily, "God's ways 
are in the sea, and His paths 
passed finding out." Y Dry- 
sorfa, vol. xvii. page 89; vol. 
xix. pages 65, 97, 129, 161, 197, 
2 33> 265 5 Hanes Cenhadaeth 
D r am o r y Methodistiaid 
Calfinaidd Cymreig, page 431. 
near Cardiff, was an evangel- 
ical clergyman in full sym- 
pathy with the work of the 
Methodists and co-operated 
with them. In the year ij8o> 
he came to St. Fagan to con- 
duct a day-school in the chapel 
house. During that year he 
was presented to the curacy of 
the Penarth, Radyr and Laver- 
nock churches, and he held this 
position for 32 years. Both he 
and his wife rendered great ser- 
vice to the Cause : their house 
was open for all the Method- 
ist preachers, both of North and 
South Wales, and this for the 
long period of thirty years. He 
was most faithful according to- 
his ability, and gave the utmost 
proof that his heart was with 
the brethren. He had about 
fifteen miles to travel every 
Sunday as a curate, yet he 
would take care to be at the ser- 
vice at St. Fagan's chapel ia 
the evening, whether it was a 
preaching service or a prayer 
meeting. Neither wind nor 



rain, nor cold nor heat would 
be sufficient to prevent him. He 
often attended the Monthly 
Meetings of the county, at 
which he would preach. 
According to the Tadau Meth- 
odistaidd, vol. ii. page 337, he 
passed away before the ordina- 
tion crisis in 1811, but accord- 
ing to Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 95, he died in the 
year i8ai possibly a clerical 
error, the figure 2 being in- 
serted instead of i. The Rev. 
Hezekiah Jones was his brother. 

CLAWDD, one of the most popu- 
lar preachers of North Wales, 
was a native of Bala. He came 
to the Adwy to work in a lead 
mine in the district. He was 
"born in the year 1723, and died 
in 1774, aged 51 years. His 
remains were interred in the 
Nonconformist burial ground, 
Wrexham. In his early years, 
he was a bitter persecutor of 
the Methodists. About the year 
1748 he attacked Lewis Evan, 
Llanllugan, when he sought to 
preach at Denbigh. In after 
years, when David Jones had 
himself become a preacher, both 
met at Bryn-bugad, and David 
Jones asked him if he had for- 
given him. " Oh, yes, long 
since," replied Lewis Evan. 
When he died he had been a 
preacher for 25 years. His gifts 
as a preacher were clear and 
unctious, his spirit was brave, 
and his disposition gentle : in 

every way well qualified . to 
meet every class of hearers. 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 180. 

GELERT, Carnarvonshire, was 
one of the early preachers in 

SHIRE, was a nephew of the Rev. 
Daniel Rowland, and was 
esteemed a popular preacher by 
a section of his hearers. He 
itinerated for some years 
through both North and South 
Wales, but ultimately he went 
astray in doctrine and char- 
acter. He sought to become the 
leader of a party but failed. 
He fully expected to induce a 
large party to follow him in the 
adoption of Antinomian views, 
but he was grievously dis- 
appointed. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. i. page 409. 

CYMER, near Merthyr Tydfil. 
was one of the early preachers 
in his district. 

Carmarthenshire, is referred to 
as a preacher who took part at 
an Association held at Dar- 
owen, Montgomeryshire. Revs. 
Peter Williams, William Wil- 
liams, and Mr. David Morris 
were likewise present. This 
was about the year 1770. 

Glamorganshire, though not 
one of the original founders of 
Methodism, legitimately takes 
rank among the fathers of the 



movement. He laboured hard 
for the spread of Methodism 
both in North and South Wales, 
and was its pioneer in many 
districts. At the peril of his 
life, especially in North Wales, 
he often stood up to unfurl the 
banner of the Cross; but he 
never lacked courage to face the 
foe, and usually bore away 
with him the honours of vic- 
tory. It was also at the peril 
of episcopal wrath that he went 
.beyond the bounds of his parish 
in his co-operation with the 
Methodist fathers ; but his 
known piety, loving disposi- 
tion, and firmness, won for him 
the esteem and tolerance of his 

He was born in the year 1738 
at Aberceiliog, a farm house on 
the banks of the Teifi, in the 
parish of Llanllueni, Cardigan- 
shire. His parents are sup- 
posed to have been well-to-do 
people, as they purposed to 
bring up the elder of their two 
sons as a clergyman. Provi- 
dence however interfered with 
this arrangement, as David 
was not the elder but the 
younger son. When quite a lad, 
he one day fell accidentally 
into a pan of scalding milk, 
which nearly proved fatal to 
him. For some time after this 
he was a weak and sickly child, 
and indeed, he bore to the end 
of his life the marks of his mis- 
fortune. This compelled the 
parents to retain the services of 

the elder son upon the farm, 
and David was consecrated to 
the service of the Church. 

Little is known of his early 
life except that he was taught 
the Scriptures. One recorded 
incident in his childhood 
evinced the same readiness and 
raciness of speech which char- 
acterised him through life. 
One day, in his weak and 
sickly condition he pressed 
upon his mother to take him on 
her lap. But she jocularly 
pushed him away, at the same 
time saying, possibly humour- 
ously, "Poor fellow! get 
away, I am tired of nursing 
you." He looked up straight 
in her face, and said, " When 
my father and my mother for- 
sake me, then the Lord will 
take me up." Upon this, his 
mother, touched by his words, 
clasped him to her bosom, and 
said, " For this saying I will 
gladly nurse you as long as you 

He received his collegiate 
education at Carmarthen Col- 
lege, and was ordained to the 
curacy of Llanafan Fawr, 
Breconshire, about the year 
1758. His stay here was short, 
and he removed to Tydweiliog, 
Lleyn, Carnarvonshire. Here 
again his stay was similarly 
brief. Why, is not known, as 
he had not at this time exper- 
ienced the spiritual change 
which afterwards so completely 
moulded his ministerial career. 


From Tydweiliog he removed 
to the curacy of Trefethin and 
Chaldicot, Monmouthshire, in 
the year 1760. Whilst here, lie 
came into contact with Dr. 
William Reed, an eminent 
physician, who lived at Ponty- 
moile, and with whom he 
formed a close and loving 
friendship. Dr. Reed was in 
deep sympathy with the Meth- 
odist movement, and was on 
terms of intimacy with Wil- 
liams of Pantycelyn and other 
leaders of the evangelical re- 
vival. Whilst here, under the 
influence of Dr. Reed, and the 
reading of one of Havel's 
works, he experienced a change 
of heart which soon revealed it- 
self in his public ministry. 
This change was not to the 
taste of his rector, so he re- 
moved to a curacy near Bris- 
tol, and thence again to a cur- 
acy in Wiltshire. Here he for- 
tunately came in contact with 
Lady Huntingdon, who had 
been instrumental in the con- 
version of Lady Charlotte 
Edwin, who owned a large 
estate in Glamorganshire. The 
living of Llangan was in her 
gift, and when it became 
vacant, Lady Huntingdon in- 
duced her to present it to Mr. 
Jones. This made him hence- 
forth independent of the whims 
and fancies and prejudices of 
any vicar or rector. Llangan 
is a small village lying between 
Cowbridge and Bridgend. The 

spiritual state of the people of 
the district was at a low ebb 
when he came there to labour. 
Feasts, wakes, drinking, fight- 
ing and gambling formed the 
order of the day. His prede- 
cessor in office had literally 
taken no interest whatsoever in 
the spiritual welfare of the peo- 
ple. A new epoch in his own 
career and in the history of the 
district now came to pass. 
Llangan became very quickly 
a great centre like Llangeitho, 
though, of course, on a smaller 
scale. Here the tribes, who had 
been roused to a concern about 
their souls in the neighbouring 
districts, assembled to hear the 
Gospel preached, and to parti- 
cipate in the privilege of be- 
ing present at the administra- 
tion of the ordinances of the 
Gospel. A marvellous change 
took place in the character of 
the services as compared with 
what had been the custom in the 
time of Mr. Jones' predecessor. 
Nor did Mr. Jones confine his 
ministrations to his own par- 
ish. Indeed, he looked at 
Wales as his parish, and he tra- 
velled through both North and 
South, unfurling the banner of 
the Cross sometimes in the 
face of considerable persecu- 
tion, and always to the advan- 
tage of the Methodist move- 
ment. He settled at Llangan 
in the year 1768, when he was 
33 years of age : and he held 
the living until his death, 


though after his second mar- 
riage he spent much .of his time 
at the house of his wife in 

In the year 1775, jointly with 
the friends at Pencoed, about 
three miles distant from Llan- 
gan, he took a prominent part 
in the erection of a chapel, 
which was named Salem, and 
which is on the main road from 
Bridgend to Llantrisant. In 
proof of the liberality of his 
views in relation to this place 
of worship, it might be stated 
that he buried his first wife in 
the graveyard adjoining the 
chapel, rather than in the 
churchyard of Llangan. When 
he was at home, Mr. Jones al- 
ways preached on Sunday 
morning in the church, and in 
the afternoon at the chapel : 
here also he held his monthly 
church meeting on the Satur- 
day afternoon preceding Com- 
munion Sunday. From time to 
time he took part in the erection 
of other chapels, of which he 
was invariably one of the trus- 
tees, and as he was a rare col- 
lector he assisted much in 
liquidating their, debts, through 
the aid of the wealthy people 
of the congregations to which 
he ministered occasionally with 
great power, in London and 
other cities and towns in 

Mr. Jones was a natural gen- 
tleman. This was of great ad- 
vantage to him when he stood 

up for the first time in districts 
where the spirit of persecution 
was predominant. He usually 
met his opponents with a smile, 
and often disarmed them by 
kind words. His life was at 
times in peril, but no injury be- 
fel him. His position in the 
church was also imperilled 
through complaints lodged a- 
gainst him by clergymen who 
were enraged with him be- 
cause he preached in their par- 
ishes without their consent and 
in opposition to their wishes. 
He was spoken to at least on 
two occasions by his diocesan 
because of these irregular pro- 
ceedings. Both Bishop Bar- 
rington and Bishop Watson 
took him to task for his meth- 
ods, but he continued firm in 
his course, with the exception 
of avoiding two parishes, in 
obedience to the wish of his 

Besides his ministerial efforts 
at Llangan, and his itiner- 
ancies in Wales, his services 
were much sought after and 
highly appreciated as a preach- 
er in connection with the 
chapels of Lady Huntingdon 
in London and other places. 
Indeed, he was a great favour- 
ite with her ladyship. He 
attended upon her as chap- 
lain in her last illness, and was 
called upon to preach her 
funeral sermon. He was very 
popular as an Anniversary 
supply. In addition to his 


charms as a preacher, he had a 
special gift to touch the hearts 
of the people when a collection 
was required. Indicative of his 
popularity, it may be stated 
that he was chosen one of the 
four preachers at the second an- 
niversary of the London Mis- 
sionary Society, May, 1796, 
two months before the first 
batch of ministers went forth 
to the islands of the South Sea. 
His text was Judges vii. 2, and 
his subject, " Great effects from 
feeble means." This sermon 
was published in the first 
volume of Missionary Sermons, 
and afterwards separately. His 
preparations were in the form 
of fairly full notes. We have 
one before us as we write, on 
Galatians ii. 22, on paper of a 
small fold $ inches by 3, and 
consisting of 15 pages. On the 
back of the last page are the 
names of 12 places where the 
sermon was preached, and the 
dates are given. The first date 
was Llangan, July 24th, 1785, 
and the last, Bristol, July 2oth, 
1788. His popularity as a 
preacher in London, Bristol, 
and other English cities, was 
very great. He had a sweet 
and pleasing voice, and a ready 
flow of speech, which had a 
great charm for his hearers. 
His sermons were remarkable 
for the unction which usually 
accompanied them. 

Under his preaching, the ser- 
aphic Robert Roberts, Clynog, 

was converted. Soon after 
Roberts had begun to preach 
he was arranged to do so 
at the same service as Mr. 
Jones at an Association held in 
South Wales. At a church 
meeting on the following morn- 
ing Mr. Jones testified that 
Roberts, whom he styled as 
" Little Robyn from the North, 
had far surpassed him." 

He spent the last sixteen 
years of his life at Manor- 
owen, about two miles from 
Fishguard, Pembrokeshire. He 
had . married a lady named 
Parry, who lived here. He con- 
tinued .to officiate at Llangan on 
the first Sabbath of every 
month, and he also lived there 
during, three months every sum- 
mer. .. Though living at Manor- 
owen, he loved Llangan, where 
he had enjoyed so much spiri- 
tual delight, and had succeed- 
ed so marvellously in his work. 

He did not busy himself 
much in the movements of the 
Association, though he attended 
many of its meetings. He was 
a preacher more than a man of 
affairs. He confined his efforts 
to the department of the work 
for which he was best qualified. 
Influenced no doubt by the two 
leading clergymen of Pem- 
brokeshire, who were identified 
with the Methodist movement, 
the Revs. Nathaniel Rowland 
and David Griffiths, Nevern 
he was. rather opposed to the 
important innovation of or- 



dairiing lay preachers to ad- 
minister the sacraments of the 
Lord's Supper and Baptism. 
But he was taken away before 
the final step was taken in this 
matter in 1811. He died 
August lath, 1810, aged 76 
years, and thus he escaped the 
predicament of having to de- 
cide what part he would take 
in the final issue upon this 
question. From his first identi- 
fication with the Methodist 
movement he continued to the 
end of his days a firm adherent 
thereof, and an active worker 
therewith. He stood shoulder 
to shoulder with the brethren, 
and of the clergymen who con- 
tinued to hold office in the 
Church, he was probably the 
most progressive. 

He had three children by his 
first wife, two sons and one 
daughter. One of his sons be- 
came a respected clergyman, 
and the other had a business 
at. Bridgend, but was not suc- 
cessful. The daughter married 
a . respectable farmer named 
Llewellyn, and the late Rev. 
Dean Llewellyn, St. David's, 
and, Principal of Lampeter Col- 
lege, was her son. 

An interesting paper on Mr. 
Jones and his Times appeared 
in Y Traethodydd for 1850, 
written by the Rev. .William 
Williams, Swansea, who was a 
native of the Vale of Glamor- 
gan, and well versed in the his- 
tory of Methodism in the dis- 

trict of Llangan. Methodist- 
taeth Cymru, vol. iii. page 53 ; 
Y Tadau Methodistaidd, vol. L 
page 459 ; Cofiant y Parch. J. 
Jones, Talsarn, vol. ii. page 
809 ; Y Traethodydd, vol. vi. 
page 141 ; The Treasury, vol. v. 
page 197; Memoirs by Rev. E. 
Morgan, M.A., Syston. 

HANGEL, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the early preachers. 

G'OLLEN, Flintshire, was one of 
the early preachers. 

Cardiganshire, was the son of 
Mr. William Jones, Aberffrwd, 
who had come hither from 
Flint. The father opened his 
house for preaching services in 
the year 1796. David was a 
very devout Christian and a 
serious preacher. 

DON, was one of the first who 
sought to gather the Welsh peo- 
ple together in the metropolis to 
form a Welsh church and con- 
gregation. He was a native of 
Llansannan, Denbighshire. He 
was for some time a soldier in 
the Lifeguards, and subse- 
quently, for a time, he kept a 
jinshop. Yet, he became deeply 
interested in religion, and took 
a prominent part in the early 
listory of Welsh Methodism in 
London. He annually visited 
lis native country, and succeed- 
ed in inducing several minis- 
ters to visit London and preach 



the Gospel to their countrymen. 
He often preached in the room 
rented in Cock Lane, Smith- 
field, and the chapel in Wilder- 
ness Row. He was a severe dis- 
ciplinarian, arising, possibly, 
in a degree from his military 
experience. But in consequence 
of a marriage he contracted 
with a rich widow in Carnar- 
vonshire, a breach of promise 
action was brought against him 
by a young woman in London, 
to whom, it seems, he was 
engaged to be married, and the 
Law Court accorded her 
damages of 100. This led to 
considerable confusion in the 
church, and he was prohibited 
for a time from preaching. Ere 
long he returned to Wales. 

TY'N-Y-MAEN, Anglesea, was a 
truly godly preacher, in whose 
house preaching services were 
held before Ty'n-y-maen 
Chapel was built. His preach- 
ing talents were very ordinary. 
His sermons were usually of the 
historical order, based on the 
heroes of the Bible, such as 
Abraham, Moses, David, Paul, 
and others. He would begin 
his sermon by saying " I have 
heard of " one or the other of 
the Bible characters whose story 
would form the basis of his ex- 
hortation, and he would enforce 
the lessons which the story ap- 
peared to him to teach. Al- 
though he lived beyond 80 years 
of age, it is said that to the end 

of his life he never broke a 
preaching engagement. Meth- 
odistiaeth Mon, page 59. 

FYNYDD, Merionethshire, is re- 
ferred to by the Rev. Robert 
Griffiths, Dolgelley, as one of 
the preachers in Merioneth- 
shire when he came to Dol- 

Carnarvonshire, was one of 
the early preachers. 

CYMER, near Merthyr Tydfil, 
was one of the early preachers 
in this district, and became a 
minister of an endowed chapel 
in Lewes, Sussex. 

Cardiganshire, was one of the 
early preachers of Methodism 
a contemporary with Daniel 
Rowland. Under a sermon by 
him, Mr. William Llwyd, Hen- 
llan, Cayo, who became a 
popular preacher, first found 
peace, and then became an 
active worker for Christ. He 
had two sons, who received 
their education at Ystrad- 
meurig William, who became 
a minister with the Congrega- 
tionalists, and Theophilus, who 
was well-known as a quaint and 
able preacher with the Method- 
ists. Y TraetJiodydd, vol. ii. 
page 292 ; Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii. page 29. 

DON, was a native of Tremadoc. 
He began to preach in the met- 


J 55 

ropolis about the year 1799. 
But his health soon broke down, 
.and he returned to the country 
in the hope that the change 
would prove beneficial. He 
came to Wrexham for a short 
time, where he occasionally 
preached. But the change of 
air and scenery and company 
did not produce the desired 
effect. He grew gradually 
weaker, so he returned to his 
native district, where he short- 
ly died. 

.AU, near Bala, came thither 
.from Ynysypandy, Carnarvon- 
.shire, where he had lived for 
many years. He was a well- 
.known weaver by trade, and 
was at the same time one of the 
early preachers of his native 
county. John Elias, in 1792. 
before he was a church mem- 
ber, worked with him, and en- 
tered his service, so as to profit 
through his religious sym- 
pathies : it was whilst with him 
"he joined the church, having 
been repeatedly urged to do so 
by Griffith Jones, who was pre- 
eminently a godly man, of a 
meek and. gentle disposition, yet 
of great force of character. His 
preaching gifts were not bright, 
yet it is said that he was the 
means of conversion of a 
greater number of people than 
;any other preacher that rose in 
Carnarvonshire. He suffered 
much persecution at the hands 
of the clergyman of his parish 

because he held religious ser- 
vices in his house : he did 
his best to get his landlord, 
Mr. Price, Rhiwlas, to turn 
him out, on the plea that he was 
causing a disturbance in the 
neighbourhood. And he re- 
ceived notice to quit. But 
Griffith sought an interview 
with his landlord, and com- 
pletely conquered him, and won 
his deepest respect. At the close 
of the interview, Mr. Price said 
to him, " Go home, go home, 
thou shalt stay in thy place. 
And when thou dost come to 
the Association at Bala, bring 
thy horse to Rhiwlas." And so 
it came to pass. He became 
more highly respected by his 
landlord than ever. Indeed, 
later in life, when Mr. Price 
heard that the old man went 
on his preaching engagements 
on foot, he presented him with 
a white mare, which became 
well-known to the Methodists 
of North Wales for a long per- 
iod. Drysorfa, May, 1837, page 
154; Hanes Methodistiaeth 
Dwyrain Meirionydd, pages 
209 213 ; MetJiodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii. page 194. 

COEDMORUCHAF, Cardiganshire, 
better known it may be as 
Griffith Lewis Shon, was one of 
the early exhorters at Llan- 
geitho. He was a fervent and 
joyous Christian, and was read- 
ily moved to sing the praises 
of the Lord. When conducting 


a service at Parcrhydderch, 
near Llangeitho, at a time of 
spiritual quickening, a marvel- 
lous influence came over those 
present, and Mr. Jones went in- 
to their midst. The meeting was 
prolonged for hours in prayer 
and praise, and was brought to 
a close without the usual ser- 
mon. Methodistiaeth De Aber- 
tei-fi, page 95. 

EURWG, Monmouthshire, was a 
native of Risca, where he be- 
gan to preach in the year 1801. 
He was a religious lad from the 
twelfth year of his age, and 
won the esteem of the church, 
so that he found no difficulty to 
enter the ranks of the ministry, 
especially as there was in his 
day a great dearth of preachers 
in Monmouthshire. He was or- 
dained at Llandilo, August. 
1813. He did not itinerate 
much, but confined his labours 
chiefly to his own county, and 
was seldom absent from the 
Monthly Meeting. His preach- 
ing gifts were not bright, but 
his faithfulness was remark- 
able. Preaching on one occa- 
sion at Merthyr Tydfil, a 
powerful influence came upon 
the congregation, such as had 
never before been experienced, 
and many were added to the 
church. He died October 
24th, 1843, and was buried in 
Llaneurwg Churchyard. Is- 
Iwyn, on visiting the church- 
yard, wrote the following 
beautiful lines : 

" Boed ysgafn, Feirdd, eich sang a sobr 

eich gwedd ; 

Tywarchen gysegredig danoch sy ; 
A thi yr awel, Oh, na chwyth mor hy ! 
Llwch sant, brynedig Iwch, gysegra'r 


Henry ! mor ber dy hun, 

A'th hedd mor felus yw ! 
Ac Oh, mor hapus fry dy ysbryd cun, 
Yn nhrigle pob hapusrwydd, monwes 
Duw ! 

Ni faidd y byd dy hawlu ; y byd 

Erioed ni'th hawliodd di ; 
Rhy fychan oedd ei oil i lanw'th fryd, 

Y nef ei hun oedd nod dy y mgais gu. 

Bri, cyfoeth, mawl, dirmygit hwy i gyd; 
Ac uwch yr haul, nef-dueddedig fod, 
Cyrhaeddai dy uchelfryd : uchel fryd 
Am fri uchelach fyth ! Yr oedd dy nod 
Na'r ser yn uwch ; na fyddai uwch y ser 
I ti nid uchel fyddai. Buost fyw 
Y penaf fywyd, yn nhwrf eilfydoedd ter, 
Y nef yn d'ymyl, ac yn dy yniyl Duw ! 

Myfi ni'th folaf . Arall sydd a'th fawl 
Yr Eglwys ! ac a'th fawl yn well na mi L 
Gwasanaeth ienwogrwyddrydd yrhawK 
Anfarwol, yna, yw'th enwogrwydd di, 
Pwy yn fwy gwasanaethgar yn ei oes ! 
A phwy ymdrechodd gymaint i fawrau 
Yr Hwn, dros ddyn, fu'n gwaedu ar y 

Dros ddyn yn gwaedu, a thros ddyn ym 

yfed gwae. 

Henry ! yr wyt yn ddystaw : dystaw f el 

dv feddrod du 
Sydd hyd ei waelod yn ddystawrwyddl 


Mae eraill yn llefaru drosot ti, 
Oes, eraill gawsant drwot farwol gur, 
A balm iachaol hefyd drwot ti ! 
Y balm a lif fel afon lawn dros lethrau. 


ther of the Rev. Daniel Jones, 
Radyr, near Cardiff. Both; 
brothers were evangelical cler- 
gymen, and in sympathy with! 
the Methodist movement, and 
co-operated with the brethren. 
Hezekiah is known to have vis- 
ited North Wales. Whem 


preaching at Holywell on one 
of his itinerancies, he expati- 
ated very much on the wicked- 
ness of the children of Adam. 
Many of the colliers' wives of 
the district were listening to 
him possibly having never be- 
fore heard a sermon of the 
kind and observing the earn- 
estness and minuteness with 
which he depicted their wicked 
ways, shook their heads and 
exclaimed to each other, "Good 
God ! these children are worse 
than the children of Bagillt." 
'Y Tadau Methoddstaidd, vol. 
ii. page 337 ; ~M.ethodistia.eth 
Cymru, vol. iii. page 286. 

was one of the early preachers. 

DINAM, Montgomeryshire, be- 
gan to preach at a farm house, 
Ty'nllwyn, in the parish of 
Darowen, in the year 1785. He 
did not remain in this district 
long after beginning to preach. 
He spent the later years of his 
life at Llandinam. On his 
first visit to Aberystwyth he 
trembled a good deal when he 
drew near the town. He had 
been informed that the inhabi- 
tants were very bitter and 
fierce against the Methodists : 
the likelihood was that if 
they recognized him as one of 
the party they would surely at- 
tack him. He therefore ar- 
ranged to enter the town early 
in the morning before tEe 
break of day. When he came 

near the Dark Gate he saw 
light in a window, and having 
approached it, he listened and 
heard a voice which he soon re- 
cognized to be that of a man 
praying. Upon this, he felt 
bold to enter the house, and. 
to his joy, found that the per- 
son who lived there was one of 
the few Methodists in the town, 
and was known as " David the 
weaver." At the time Ishmael 
came to his house, he was con- 
ducting family prayers thus 
early to avoid being interfered 
with by the persecutors. David 
and Ishmael became fast 
friends for the remainder of 
their lives. Ishmael died Feb- 
ruary 26th, 1831, aged 74 
years. Methodistiaeth Cymrit, 
voL ii. page 61. 

Carmarthenshire, came to Bet- 
tws as a schoolmaster. He had 
been for some time a student 
in Lady Huntingdon's College 
at Trevecca. Shortly after 
coming to Bettws a branch 
Methodist church was formed 
in the village, and he threw in 
his lot with the few friends 
who interested themselves 
therein. He became a very 
acceptable preacher. Towards 
the end of his days he removed 
to Hendre Chapel House, 
where he died. He wrote an 
Elegy, consisting of 24 verses, 
in memory of the Rev. Wil- 
liam Williams, Pantycelyn. Y 
Drysorfa, vol. xiv. page 181. 


MOR, Flintshire, began to 
preach in the year 1814, but 
his public career was short. 
He died July aoth, 1823. He 
was considered to be a very re- 
ligious man and a substantial 
preacher. It was thought that 
he would become a man of con- 
siderable influence in the de- 
nomination : but he was called 
away just as he began to open, 
like a flower, and adorn the 

FECHAN, Llanuwchllyn, Mer- 
ionethshire, was one of the 
early preachers. Cronicl yr 
Ysgol Sabbothol, 1881, page 

\VYN, Anglesea, was a native of 
Cardiganshire, where he was 
born in the year 1747, and 
where also he began to preach. 
At the earnest request of some 
lady he removed to Carnarvon- 
shire to conduct a school and 
also to preach the Gospel. In 
his new sphere he married. 
About the year 1780, he re- 
moved to Anglesea, where, 
jointly with one Evan Thomas, 
a friend who had been ejected 
from his farm in Aberdaron, 
Lleyn, because of his religion, 
he took Henllys farm. After 
two years he left the farm, and 
took up his residence at Bod- 
ynolwyn. He was looked upon 
as the leader of Methodism in 
Anglesea for the long space of 

34 years. When present at a 
Monthly Meeting he was in- 
variably called upon to pre- 
side. He was the bishop of 
Methodism in Anglesea in his 
day. When he first came to the 
island the spirit of persecution 
was very fierce, and he exper- 
ienced some of its forms, such 
as being pelted at with small - 
stones and filth when he stood 
up to preach. But he heeded 
it not, deeming it an honour to 
suffer for the name of Christ. 
He usually went to his Sabbath 
engagements in a gig, and was 
looked upon as a gentleman in 
comparison with many of his 
colleagues. He was proverbial 
for his faithfulness to all his 
preaching engagements, and 
also his punctuality. He had a 
musical voice, and was exceed- 
ingly popular as a preacher. 
He set his face like a rock 
against incurring debt in the 
erection of chapels, and thus 
he no doubt often hindered the 
extension of the Cause. He 
died November 3rd, 1814, aged 
67 years. An Elegy to his 
memory was written by the 
Rev. Richard Lloyd, Beau- 
maris. Methodistiaeth Man, 
pages 70 and 113. 

near Holywell, Flintshire, be- 
gan" to preach in the year 
1826. He died young. 

marthenshire, was one of the 
seven public exhorters appoint- 



ed at the first Association held 
at Watford. At the Monthly 
Association held at Llanddeu- 
santj February, 1743, he was 
appointed to reside near Neath, 
and to visit fortnightly, in con- 
junction with John Richard, 
the societies of Creunant, 
Hafod, Neath, Palleg, Cwm- 
amman, Llandilo FacB, Llan- 
gyfelach, Llansamlet, Llan- 
ddeusant, Blaen Llywel, Loug- 
hor, Llanon, Pembrey, and 
Defynog. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. iii. page. 44. 

ECH, Carmarthenshire, was one 
of the early preachers. He 
married the widow of Mr. 
John Thomas, Llanvihangel. 

was a preacher in that city in 


Carnarvonshire, was for many 
years a prominent and success- 
ful preacher, holding a high 
position among his fellow- 
labourers, especially in North 
Wales. No man surpassed or 
even equalled him in the 
abundance of his humour, 
which revealed itself both in 
his private conversation and 
his pulpit exercises. He had a 
wonderful power of influenc- 
ing those who heard him 
preach, causing them alter- 
nately to laugh and weep. He 
was moreover a man who had a 
commanding personal presence 
and great physical power : he 

could with ease lift a man of 
considerable weight from the 
ground with one hand. This 
was of much advantage to him 
in relation to the disturbers of 
public services, who were 
rather numerous in his day. 
He soon made them afraid of 
him. He was quite a char- 
acter sui generis: he took no- 
man as his model, nor was it 
possible for anyone to resemble 

He was born at Llandwrog, 
Carnarvonshire, in the year 
1761. His parents removed to- 
Carnarvon when he was yet 
young. He had sufficient 
education to enable him to read 
and write in the English 
language with ease and accur- 
acy. In his early life he 
totally lacked sympathy with 
Divine things, and was notor- 
ious for all kinds of wicked- 
ness. His natural wit made 
him extremely popular with 
his fellow youths. Through 
his pertinacity in seeking to 
enter a ball-room without per- 
mission, he received a thrust 
by the door-keeper with a sharp 
instrument, which endangered 
his life. For some time it was 
feared that he would never be- 
able to undertake any very 
hard work again : so his par- 
ents sent him to Mold to be ap- 
prenticed to a barber and hair- 
dresser. He was then about 
seventeen years of age. He re- 
mained there for two years,. 



and then left for Amlwch, 
Anglesea, whither his parents 
had removed. He was still a 
leading spirit among the 
thoughtless and gay, full of 
fun and frolic. When about 
twenty years of age he was 
asked, by two men who were go- 
ing from Amlwch to Lledrod 
to a preaching meeting, if he 
-would accompany them. He 
was at the time engaged in 
some sport though it was Sun- 
day morning. Mercifully he 
complied with their request, 
and the effect of the sermon 
upon him was such that he at 
once and for ever forsook his 
former evil ways. But he did 
not at the time find peace 
through believing. This came 
to pass some time afterwards 
under a sermon by the re- 
nowned David Morris, Twr- 
gwyn, during one . of his 
preaching excursions in Angle- 
sea : to him he ever looked as 
"his spiritual father. But even 
during the time he was under 
conviction, and before he had 
thrown in his lot with the fol- 
lowers of Christ, he was in- 
strumental in the conversion of 
Katrin Rondol, a woman who 
afterwards became very cele- 
"brated in Anglesea in connec- 
tion with the work of God. 
She was proverbially demon- 
strative in her religion, and 
"her genuineness was beyond 
doubt. He began to preach at 
Amlwch in the year 1784. Two 

years later he married Miss 
Mary Williams, a rich young 
lady in Edeyrn, Carnarvon- 
shire, whither he removed and 
where he subsequently lived to 
the end of his days in comfort- 
able circumstances. He made 
frequent preaching tours 
through both North and South 
Wales. As a preacher he soon 
won considerable eminence : 
his wit and humour making 
him exceedingly popular. His 
acquaintance with the Scrip- 
tures was thorough, and he 
had a peculiar tact in bring- 
ing forward illustrations from 
the Word of God in proof 
of his teachings, and to give 
them point : he did this in a 
very homely and lively fash- 
ion, at times too, it must be 
confessed, in a manner utterly 
out of character with the dig- 
nity of the pulpit, quite a 
burlesque, if not buffoonery. 
In preaching about Peter's 
fall, he would imitate the 
crowing of the cock; or if it 
came in his way to speak of 
the heifers fastened by the 
Philistines to the car which 
bore the ark of the Lord to 
Bethshemesh, he would imitate 
the lowing of the cattle. But 
he had a wonderful knack of 
converting the people from ex- 
treme laughter to tears. No 
doubt he was in frequent dan- 
ger, like most men endowed 
with his gifts, of being carried 
too far. But he was fully 



aware of his danger, and often 
restrained himself with much 
self control. In the earlier 
years of his ministry, he was 
in the habit of making Eis 
journeys on foot. He described 
his first attempt to ride in a 
rather ludicrous way. " When 
I lived at Amlwch," he said, 
*' I was promised a horse to 
carry me to the Monthly Meet- 
ing at Niwbwrch. Before I 
had gone the distance of a rood 
from the place where I had 
mounted the animal, that is at 
the Gwelon, on the way to 
Llanerchymedd, I observed 
him holding up his head and 
bending it like a serpent, and 
I was as unsteady on his back 
as an egg on a post; in a short 
time where should I find my- 
self but on my back in the 
ditch, and on leaving me there 
lie gave me a kick in the calf of 
my leg, and I don't think that 
from that time to this, any two 
were more willing to part 
company with each other." 
One night he preached in a 
country chapel on trust in God, 
and he urged with great force 
that men should put their trust 
in Him under the varied cir- 
cumstances of life. The fol- 
lowing morning he had to cross 
a ferry, and he was rather 
liesitating to enter the ferry- 
man's boat, the night having 
been stormy, and there was 
considerable water in the 
xiver. " Where is your trust 

this morning, Mr. Jones?" 
asked the ferryman, with a sly 
thrust at his teaching the prev- 
ious night. " Not in your 
ricketty old boat," was his 
quick and pertinent reply. 

His ministry was eminently 
blessed of God. The Rev. 
Robert Jones, Rhoslan, relates 
the following incident which 
took place near Trawsfynydd. 
John Jones was on his first 
preaching tour in the district, 
and it was in the middle of hay 
harvest. A farmer leaving his 
hay-field to attend the service, 
told his servants that he was 
going to the chapel, and urged 
them to do their best while he 
was away. He had not gone 
far when he returned and bade 
the haymakers cease their work 
and accompany him to chapel, 
as he had heard that th'e 
preacher was a remarkable 
man. They went at his word, 
and the six were converted at 
the service. It is also record- 
ed in a brief memoir, written 
by Mr. Griffith Solomon, that, 
at the first service held by him 
at Aberffraw, a hundred and 
eighty-nine were savingly 
affected under his preaching. 
The number given being so 
large, it was disputed by some 
parties. An enquiry however 
was made, and it was ascer- 
tained that the correct number 
was a hundred and ninety. 
Thus he was a mighty man in 
the pulpit, and would, possi- 



bly through his known humor- 
ous style, draw crowds to hear 
him, many of whom were led 
into full decision for Christ. 

He was ordained in the year 
1814, at the same time as Mr. 
Michael Roberts and Mr. John 
Jones, Tremadoc. He died 
August gth, 1822, in his sixty- 
second year. Memoir by Mr. 
Griffith Solomon ; Methodist- 
iaetli Cymru, vol. ii. page 
267 ; Cofiant y Parch. J. Jones, 
Talsarn, vol. ii. page 825. 

YLLTE, Flintshire, was a son of 
Mr. Edward Jones, Glyn, near 
Bala. He joined the church at 
Glyn at the time of a revival, 
and began to preach in 1819. 
He then went for a time to the 
Rev. John Hughes' school at 
Wrexham. From there he pro- 
ceeded to Froncysyllte, where 
he opened a school. He was a 
very godly young man, and a 
substantial preacher, but his 
preaching career was short, as 
he died July 28, 1826, aged 29 
years. Hanes Methodistiaetk 
Dwyrain Meirionydd, page 


FAWR, near BALA, Merioneth- 
shire, began to preach with the 
Congregationalists at Llan- 
uwchllyn. But at the time 
of some unpleasantness, early in 
1822, he joined the Methodists. 
He is said to have been a useful 
and acceptable preacher. He 
was rustic in his dress, but it 

was felt that he had a message 
for the people. He continued 
to labour in the ministry to the 
end of his days. Hanes Meth- 
odistiaefh Dwyrain Meirion- 
ydd, page 144. 

IFAN, Merionethshire, was born 
in 1755, and identified himself 
with religion at Ysbytty, when 
he was twenty-one years of 
age. He shortly afterwards 
began to preach. It is known 
that in 1778, John Williams, 
Dolyddelen, went to Penmach- 
no to hear him. He had much 
to do with the start of the cause 
at Dolyddelen. He was also 
one of the first Nonconformists 
who preached in the neigh- 
bourhood of Pentrefoelas.. 
Through his enterprising 
spirit he took a larger farm, 
Ynysfor, Llanfrothen, in addi- 
tion to Hafod Ifan, and he re- 
moved to the larger tenement. 
But the undertaking was not a 
success, and his circumstances 
became entangled, and in- 
volved him in considerable- 
trouble. He ended his days 
keeping a turnpike gate in the- 
neighbourhood of Brymbo, 
where he died in 1834, aged 84 
years. Hanes Methodistiaetn 
Dwyrain Meirionydd, page 
532 ; Cofiant y Parch. Edward 
Morgan, page 60. 

WELL, was one of the quaint 
preachers of Methodism dur- 
ing the early years of the nine- 


teenth century, a class which, 
whilst not remarkable for their 
preaching gifts, were owned of 
God in their evangelistic 
labours to the salvation of 

He was born at Caergwrle, 
Flintshire, December i8th, 
1763. His parents were of 
humble station in life, and, 
though they had ten children, 
succeeded in keeping John in 
an English school for some 
years, and his father taught 
him Welsh. He had no early 
religious training. The people 
of his district were wholly 
given to do evil in the sight of 
the Lord. The Sabbaths were 
spent by old and young in 
singing and dancing, foot-ball 
and hand-ball playing, pitch 
and toss, drinking and fight- 
ing. . Amid such an environ- 
ment he was brought up. Thus 
he spent his early years in the 
counsel of the ungodly, and he 
stood in the way of sinners. 
During this period he had 
many wonderful hair-breadth 
escapes, but none of them 
awakened in him any grati- 
tude to Him who ruleth over 
the affairs of the world. Yet, 
at times, he was greatly dis- 
turbed in his mind : his con- 
science accused him, and he 
would resolve upo'n a new life. 
His father, who had been won 
to follow the Lord, got him to 
attend preaching services occa- 
sionally, but it was to little 

purpose. Whilst his father 
would be conducting family 
worship, he would, through his 
lack of sympathy therewith, be 
cursing in his heart. However, 
at last, he escaped from the 
power of the evil one, and his 
own wicked heart, under a ser- 
mon by the Rev. Richard Tib- 
bot, Llanbrynmair, who en- 
couraged his hearers, however 
bad they were, to believe in 
Christ. John hearkened to the 
word of exhortation, and re- 
ceived help so to believe that he 
never afterwards sought salva- 
tion but in Him. This took 
place in 1787, when he was 24 
years of age. That same year 
he married. For some time he 
desired to preach, but found 
much difficulty in obtaining 
permission. At last, however, 
he succeeded. This took place 
in 1793, and that same year he 
buried his first wife. In 1794, 
he travelled through portions 
of Merioneth, Montgomery, 
and Carnarvon, oftentimes 
much cast down through what 
he considered his lack of suc- 
cess, and at other times con- 
siderably elated. In 1796, he 
visited Anglesea, and the year 
following he travelled through 
the six counties of South 
Wales, in company with Mr. 
Ellis, Mold. He was ever 
watching for souls, and would 
be very dissatisfied when he 
had no seals to his ministry. 
It is sad to read how humble 



his circumstances were, and 
through what straits he passed, 
during the early years of his 
ministry. In 1804, he removed 
from Caergwrle to Llaneur- 
gain, where he resided four 
years. He would often preach 
in English on the Goror, but 
it is said that his English was 
so imperfect that the people 
would laugh boisterously at his 
ludicrous blunders, but the 
next moment he would con- 
strain them to weep, through 
"his pathetic remarks. In the 
year 1808, he married Ann, the 
daughter of Mr. David Owen, 
Trefedwen, Llandyrnog, Den- 
bighshire ; and shortly after- 
wards he removed to Holywell, 
where he henceforth lived to 
the end of his life. By his 
second marriage he had four 
children, one died in infancy, 
the remaining three two sons 
and one daughter, survived 
him. When he removed to 
Holywell he opened a shop, 
which his wife chiefly con- 
ducted, and by which he was 
able to support himself and 
family, and was enabled to go 
about preaching. The cause at 
Holywell was very weak when 
"he settled there, and it con- 
tinued so for some time. In 
the year 1817, a revival took 
place, when many were added 
to the church. He was or- 
dained to the full work of the 
ministry at Bala in 1820. In 
1826, Rehoboth, a new and 

much larger chapel, was erect- 
ed, and Mr. Jones was highly 
pleased with the progress 
the church made. He was a 
man rather under the medium 
height, strongly built. His 
eyes were small, dark and 
bright, and his countenance 
revealed that a storehouse of 
wit lay at the back of it, which 
explained his quaint and 
humorous expressions in the 
pulpit and elsewhere. Preach- 
ing on one occasion on the 
solemn question, " What shall 
a man profit if he gain the 
whole world and lose his own 
soul?" he said, "There's a 
pig grazing in a field near a 
river, and behold a great flood 
comes as a deluge and sweeps 
the pig away. The owner 
shouts at the height of his 
voice, ' Come all to render 
what help you can, the pig is 
being borne away by the 
stream.'" "Oh man," he add- 
ed, "thou.wilt venture thyself 
to thy neck in the water to save 
your pig, but thou art perfect- 
ly indifferent as regards saving 
thy soul !" With such sayings 
his sermons would be spiced ; 
and he would get on good 
terms with his audiences. 

A remarkable incident in Kis 
life, whatever we may make of 
it, was his escape from a man 
who evidently was bent upon 
doing him mischief, if not up- 
on taking away his life, so as 
to rob him of some money he 


had with him. He was at the 
time living at Caergwrle. A 
Collection had been made in a 
few poor churches of a half- 
penny a week from every mem- 
ber towards the erection of 
new chapels for the Connex- 
ion : and he .was entrusted 
with taking ,14 of this Col- 
lection to an Association at 
Machynlleth. His course lay 
over the lonely mountainous 
district of Bwlch-y-groes, be- 
tween Llanuwchllyn and Llan- 
ymowddwy. Before he took to 
the hill, he turned to an inn at 
Llanuwchllyn to obtain re- 
freshment for himself and his 
horse. As he entered, a man, 
who was already there accost- 
ed him and entered into con- 
versation with him, and learnt 
from him whither he was going 
and what was his mission. 
After a little time this man 
quietly slipped away. After 
having had rest and refresh- 
merit, Jones slowly wended his 
way up the bleak, barren moun- 
tain. When he had gone be- 
yond any human habitation, 
and without any living crea- 
ture in sight, whom should he 
see in the distance but the man 
who had spoken to him at the 
inn; He recognised him at 
once, and this the more readily 
as he 'had a reaping hook 
wrapped up as usual in a 
string made with hay. The man 
was walking leisurely, looking 
around as if to see if there was 

anyone in sight. As Mr. Jones 
approached, the stranger be- 
gan to unstring the reaping 
hook. Observing this, Mr. 
Jones began to be in great 
bodily fear. He was in much 
perplexity as to what to do. 
He turned to the Lord in earn- 
est prayer for his life and the 
safety of the money which be- 
longed to Him. As he was 
thus praying, he suddenly 
heard the tramp of a horse 
coming at full speed behind 
him, and he turned to look and 
saw a gentleman on a white 
horse coming at a good speed : 
this rider overtook him and 
came alongside of him at the 
moment he overtook the man 
with the naked reaping hook. 
Spurring his horse he sought 
to keep up with the gentleman 
on the white horse, and the 
man with the hook suddenly 
changed his course and began 
to wrap the hook again in the 
string of hay. Mr. Jones tried 
to enter into conversation with 
the gentleman, and asked him 
if he was going far? but he got 
no reply. He asked again, 
How far was it to Llanymow- 
ddwy? Yet again no reply. 
By this time he thought the 
stranger might be an English- 
man and did not understand 
Welsh, so he remarked in 
English, "It is very cold, sir,- 
on the mountain, is it not?" 
But he failed to elicit any an- 
swer : the stranger did not taker 



upon him to understand either 
Welsh or English. However, 
they travelled together silently 
until they passed the Bwlch, 
and drew near to an inhabited 
district. The stranger then he- 
came suddenly lost to Mr. 
Jones. Thinking upon this 
strange deliverance, he was 
persuaded that the Lord had 
sent an angel to deliver him 
from the man who had de- 
signed to perpetrate some crime 
so as to get the money he had 
in his charge. 

His latter end was in charac- 
ter with the quaint spirit he 
had manifested through life. 
He died as he had lived. As 
his end approached, one friend 
asked him, " What were his 
thoughts now regarding the 
doctrines he had preached?" 
And he replied, " The valley 
of the shadow of death was not 
the place to change substantial 
things for dross ; the market 
value of good things rises 
here." One of his last say- 
ings to a friend who visited 
him was "On Calvary death's 
sting was extracted. Praise for 
ever for that which was done 
on Calvary ! Calvary to live ! 
Calvary TO DIE ! and Calvary 
FOR EVER." To those around 
him, just as he passed away, 
he remarked, " I am going be- 
yond the reach of your arms, 
but underneath me are the 
everlasting arms." Truly he 
died triumphantly, August 

and, 1839, in the 66th year of 
his age, and was buried at 
Holywell. A long apprecia-: 
tive sketch of him, to which we 
are much indebted, appeared 
in the Traethodydd, vol. ix. 
page 91 ; A Memoir, by Rev. 
J. Hughes and W. Pierce : and 

HILL, LLANGEITHO, was one of 
the many preachers who re- 
sided at Llangeitho during Mr. 
Rowland's day. He accom- 
panied several preachers on 
their itinerancies, both in 
North and South Wales, and 
generally preached with his 
eyes closed. Upon his return 
from an itinerancy, he would 
preach with more power than 
usually. Methodistiaeth De 
Aberteifi, page 95. 

FFRAio-GLAN-CoNWY, was one 
of the early preachers of Den- 
bighshire. He was born at 
Pwllheli. It is supposed that 
he was brought up a shoe- 
maker. He removed to Pen- 
machno about the year 1787, or 
earlier. He was known in 
Carnarvonshire as John Jones, 
Llanon. He lived for a time 
at Llansantffraid. He was bet- 
ter educated than the majority 
of Welsh preachers of his day, 
as he was trained for the min- 
istry in Lady Huntingdon's 
College, Trefecca but he died 
young, about the year 1796. 
He was a very fervent preacE- 


I6 7 

r. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 253 ; Hanes Meth- 
odistiaeth Dwyrain Meirion- 
ydd, page 509. 

NAN, Denbighshire, was one of 
the early exhorters in his dis- 
trict. He was for a time with 
Howel Harris at Trefecca, and 
was an enthusiastic supporter of 
his cause. He was reckoned 
among the good and faithful in 
Israel. The present Rev. Isaac 
Jones, Nantglyn, is his grand- 
son, and like him he was quaint 
in his conversation and preach- 
ing. He would soon get on 
good terms with his audiences 
by his pleasant homely humour. 

His father was of the same 
name and place, and like him 
also a preacher with the Meth- 
odists. He travelled consider- 
ably both in North and South 
Wales for many years, and was 
known in the latter district as 
John Jones of Lleyn. He be- 
gan to preach in the year 1781. 

was one of the first preachers 
in the part of the country 
where he lived. He was one 
day seized by the press gang 
because of his preaching prac- 
tices. After he was caught the 
gang went to Tyddyn-Mawr, a 
farm house which was known 
to be a hiding-place of the 
Roundheads, as the Method- 

ists were called, in search of 
another preacher named Evan 
Williams. Whilst they were 
in the house carrying on their 
search, John Jones quietly 
stole away, and escaped. At 
the time of the rupture between 
Harris and Rowland he sym- 
pathised with the former, and 
for a time resided with him at 
Trevecca, and continued ever 
after to cherish very high 
thoughts of him. His son, who 
was known as John Jones, of 
Lleyn, was a well-known 
preacher both in North and 
South Wales. 

LLANBERIS, Carnarvonshire, 
died June 4th, 1844, aged 27 
years, having been a preacher 
for about six years. At the 
time of his death he was re- 
siding at Clynog with Eben 
Fardd, with whom he was in 
school. He was a young man 
o gentle disposition, and knit 
to himself every one with whom 
he came in contact. His 
style of preaching was simple 
and unpretentious. During 
the last month of his life, he 
was recognized as making 
much progress in his sermons. 
His public career was short 
but bright. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xiv., page 222. 

shire, was a native of Resolven 
in the same county, and was. an 
acceptable preacher. He died 

1 63 


suddenly from an attack of 
cholera, September i6th, 1849, 
aged 47 years, having been a 
preacher for twelve years. He 
was considered a genuine 
Christian, and his ministry 
was very acceptable in the 
churches of his Monthly 
Meeting. Y Drysorfa, 1849, 
page 361. 

STOCK, was one of the early 
exhorters, and was also a 
schoolmaster. In an account 
he wrote of an itinerancy he 
made in Radnorshire, he says, 
" After we were driven out 
from the town of Hay, and had 
been pelted with dirt and filth, 
we came to Clyro, where we 
found protection ; a delightful 
meeting was held at which we 
prayed for our persecutors." 
He also preached at Glas- 
combe. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii., pages 315, 316. 

Cardiganshire, was a very 
earnest student, and full of the 
spirit of preaching the Gos- 
pel. He entered upon the 
work early in 1841, but his 
career though bright was short. 
He had a pleasant style, and 
was fervent in spirit. He was 
called away suddenly, Janu- 
ary gth, 1849, and was buried 
at Tregaron. Hanes Dafydd 
Morgan, page 8 ; Dyddiadur 
Methodistaidd, 1850. 


AERON, Cardiganshire, was one 
of the early preachers. 

near RUTHIN, Denbighshire, 
was a large and influential 
farmer, and at the time of 
Harris and Daniel Rowland he 
occasionally preached. In the 
unfortunate division which 
took place between these two 
good and great men, he ad- 
hered to Harris. Rev. Joseph 
Jones, Menai Bridge, was his 
great-grandson. Monthly Tid- 
ings, 1890, page 207. 

Carmarthenshire, was a preach- 
er in the year 1/77. 

TRE, Monmouthshire, was one 
of the overseers of the follow- 
ing societies in the year 1743, 
Goetre, Glasgoed, St. Bride's, 
Mynydd Islwyn, Llangatwg 
and Trefethin. He was a 
joint overseer with Morgan 
John Lewis in 1744. He evi- 
dently was abler than the or- 
dinary exhorters. John Evans, 
Bala, speaks of him as a wise 
and gifted man. He travelled 
through portions of North 
Wales. The Lord blessed him 
exceedingly, especially in his 
own district. He was ultim- 
ately ordained by the Congre- 
gationalists, and he spent the 
later years of his life as a 
minister of that body. 

Merionethshire, was the son of 



Joha and Elinor Jones, Bryn- 
twr, Penmorfa,' Carnarvon- 
shire, and was bora January 
1 3th, 1806. In his early years 
he lived a rather wild life. For 
a time he resided in Cardigan- 
shire. In January, 1828, he 
removed to Aberllefeni, where 
he worked in the quarries. In 
the January following he 
married Miss Roberts, the 
Garn, Carnarvoashire. Under 
a sermon by the Rev. Thomas 
Owen, Anglesea, he was 
brought to consider his ways, 
and a great change took place 
in his life. He was chosen a 
deacon of the church in 1835. 
His first public addresses were 
as a Temperance advocate, and 
he was able to speak with 
much power from his own ex- 
perience of the evils of stroag 
drink. In August, 1836, he 
began to preach, continuing at 
the same time his work as 
quarryman. On January 27th, 
1840, whilst working in the 
quarry a portion of rock fell 
upon him, and killed him in- 
stantly, aged 36 years. He 
was buried at Talyllyn. His 
life, work, and death pro- 
duced in the locality a great 
influence for good, which con- 
tinued for some years. Y Dry- 
orfa, 1841, Hanes 
iaetli G or lie-win Meirionydd, 
vol. i., page 166. 

GYBI, was one of the early 

Montgomeryshire, was one of 
the Apostles of the Sabbath 
School in Wales. Rev. Tho- 
mas Charles was its founder ; 
but the Rev. Owen Jones took 
a very active and prominent 
part in securing for it the hold 
and position it soon came to oc- 
cupy in the Principality ; es- 
pecially in connection with 
Calvinistic Methodism. The 
former placed the plough in 
the ground and turned up the 
first furrows ; the latter fol- 
lowed with a bold hand, an 
eager spirit, and consumnate 
skill. In some districts, Mr. 
Jones succeeded in establishing 
schools, in others he inspired 
those already started with new 
life ; and he was eminently suc- 
cessful in removing away the 
prejudice of those who viewed 
the rise of Sabbath Schools with 
grave alarm, looking at them as 
a desecration of the Sabbath. 
He imparted such interest to 
school meetings, that he drew 
many to be in full sympathy 
with them. 

He was born at Towyn, Mer- 
ionethshire, Feb. i4th, 1787. 
His father was Mr. John Jones, 
Crynllwyn, Towyn. His 

mother was Elinor Owen, the 
daughter of a respectable far- 
mer at Aberllefeni. His par- 
ents so far appreciated educa- 
tion as to secure it for tbeir 
son. His first school was at 
Penypark, near Towyn, he was 



then sent to Shrewsbury to com- 
plete his studies, and there he 
displayed much zeal and ability 
in the acquisition of knowledge. 
He was quick of apprehension 
and had a retentive memory. 
He also had much sympathy 
with religion, but the impres- 
sions he experienced at this 
time, whilst deep were trans- 
ient, and left no permanent 
effect upon his character and 
life. When he returned from 
Shrewsbury, he was apprenticed 
at Aberystwyth to a saddler. 
Here he began the work of Sab- 
bath School teaching, which in 
subsequent years engrossed his 
soul, and for which he pos- 
sessed special qualifications. 
The way he was led to under- 
take it would seem to have 
been purely accidental. Yet 
how great the results ! A 
clergyman on a visit to Aber- 
ystwyth, observing on a Sunday 
evening in a part of the town 
called Trefechan, a number of 
men, women and children col- 
lected together for gossip and 
amusement, he at once attempt- 
ed to form a Sabbath-evening 
School. But his stay at Aber- 
ystwyth was only for two Sab- 
baths after opening the School. 
He therefore sought for some 
one who would be likely to carry 
it on after he would have left. 
He succeeded in finding a 
young man named Robert Da- 
vies, who afterwards became a 
prominent deacon of the church 

at Aberystwyth, who promised 
to look after it. Mr. Davies 
induced Owen Jones, who was 
his cousin, to join him in the 
enterprise. Neither of them 
was at the time a member of 
any Christian Church. Nor 
was their faith strong that the 
work in which they were about 
to engage would be a success. 
Almost as a forlorn hope they 
took it in hand. Instead, how- 
ever, of their fears being real- 
ised, the School soon showed 
signs of vitality. Its members 
increased : interest therein 
spread ; Mr Jones applied him- 
self to it not only on Sunday 
evenings, but also on every even- 
ing through the week, excepting 
Saturday. Being fond of sing- 
ing, he awakened and sus- 
tained the interest not only of 
the young, but also adults, 
through holding singing 
practices. Blended with this 
was his catechetical method of 
imparting instruction, which 
fascinated many. He was 
still young, about his eigh- 
teenth year ; and he had not yet 
openly declared himself on the 
Lord's side through joining the 
church. The consciousness of 
this inconsistency led him to 
join the Tabernacle Church at 
Aberystwyth, though he was 
not at the time under any deep 
religious impressions. 'When 
he finished his apprenticeship, 
he left Aberystwyth. Just then 
a spiritual quickening began, 



which, strange to say, com- 
menced in the Sabbath Sshool 
with which Owen Jones was 
connected, and at a service 
intended as his farewell meet- 
ing. The flame spread. 
Hundreds were added to the 
.church of Christ. Joy and 
gladness were heard in the 

From Aberystwyth he went 
to Llanidloes in 1805, where he 
remained two years, and ap- 
plied himself heart and soul to 
Sabbath School work. In the 
autumn of the year 1807, he 
took up his residence at 
Shrewsbury to work at his 
trade : the same enthusiasm in 
the Sabbath School possessed 
"him here as at Aberystwyth 
and Llanidloes. In 1808 he 
returned to Towyn, where he 
opened a business on his own 
account and shortly afterwards 
he began to preach. He con- 
tinued to the end of his life to 
manifest the same interest in 
"Sabbath Schools and helped 
much to secure their develop- 
ment and prosperity. It was a 
passion .with him to extend and 
perfect this branch of Christian 
work, looking upon it as the 
"best remedy for the prevailing 
ignorance. In the same year 
that he entered upon the work 
of the ministry he married Miss 
Mary Jones, the -only daughter 
of Mr. John Jones, Gelly, near 
"Llanfaircaereinion, where he 
"henceforth resided, making, 

however, frequent excursions 
into the interior of Wales to 
proclaim the ever blessed Gos- 
pel and to help forward the 
good work he had at heart. 
These itinerancies were so fre- 
quent that it is said he was at 
home little more than half his 
time. He was ordained at Bala 
in 1819. As a preacher, 
he attained to consider- 
able eminence. His sermons 
were invariably substantial, 
and his delivery impressive, 
reaching at times to real elo- 
quence. His earnestness was 
felt by all. He gave great 
prominence to the cardinal 
truths of the Christian reli- 
gion, proclaiming them with 
the greatest simplicity. Whilst 
strong in his own theological 
sentiments, he was thoroughly 
liberal towards those who diff- 
ered from him. His great 
forte, however, upon which his 
fame rests, was, in Sabbath 
School work. In this depart- 
ment, he stood almost alone; 
few equalled him, none surpas- 
sed him. His life was short. 
His sun set while it was in its 
meridian splendour. He died 
December 4th, 1828, in his 
forty-second year. His last 
words were, " All is well ! All 
is well !" A Memoir, by Rev. 
John Hughes, Pontrobert; En- 
wogion Swydd Feirion, page 
136 ; Montgomeryshire Worth- 
ies, page 153 ; Cronicl yr YsgoZ 



Sabbothol, 1881, pages 229, 262, 
296, 340. 

PORT, Pembrokeshire, forms the 
subject of an Elegy by John 
Evans, Argoed. He started 
upon his Christian life when 
eighteen years of age, and died 
about the year 1777-8, when he 
was thirty-three. The likeli- 
hood is that he was a Clergy- 
man of the Church of England, 
and was at the same time con- 
nected with the Methodist He came to New- 
port from Cardiganshire, and 
having been well educated, he 
conducted a school, as is in- 
dicated in the following verse 
of the Elegy : 

" Chwi blant fu yn ei ysgol a gafodd 

trwyddo ddysg, 
Cwestiwno'r wy a welwch ei fath ef yn 

eich mysg ; 
Bodd bena', Duw a'ch dysgo i rodio fel 

I gadw'r ffordd yn gywir sy'n myned i 

deyrnas ne'." 

It is equally clear from the 
following verse, that he did 
not itinerate much to preach 
the Gospel, though he was a 
capital preacher : 

" Fe anfpddlonodd llawer nad aeth e' 'n 

fwy i ma's 
Trwy Gymru i gyhoeddi am iechydwr- 

iaeth gras ; 
Sawl wyddai ei amgylchiadau na allsai 

e'n f ynych fyn'd, 
Pwy bynnag wrtho ddigiodd fe gafodd 

lesu'n ffrynd." 

V Traethodydd, 1888, page 487 ; 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., 
page 468. 

Carmarthenshire, was one of 
the early preachers. 

Glamorganshire, was one of the 
early preachers in the district 
where he lived. 

CLAWDD, Glamorganshire, was 
a native of Anglesea. His 
father was Mr. John Thomas, 
the first deacon at Llanfwrog. 
Mr. Thomas Jones, Amlwch, 
was his brother. In 1813, 
Lady Barham, mother of the 
Hon. and Rev. Baptist W. 
Noel, was led to reside in a. 
benighted and neglected dis- 
trict of Gower. Her ladyship 
was a God-fearing woman, and 
resolved upon making an effort 
to bless her new neighbourhood 
with the light of the Gospel. 
By the advice of the Rev. W. 
Kemp, minister of Lady Hunt- 
ingdon's chapel, Swansea, she- 
applied to the Association of 
the Calvinistic Methodists of 
South Wales for a minister to- 
labour in Gower. In compli- 
ance with this request, Mr. 
Rees Jones, then of Anglesea, 
was chosen for this new field, 
and he settled at Penclawdd. 
This was about the year 1815. 
In the year 1818, he was or- 
dained at Llangeitho. For a. 
time he preached and held a. 
Sabbath School in a dwelling- 
house in the centre of the vil- 
lage, and then a chapel was' 
built for him. He was a man-. 



well-versed in the Scriptures, 
seldom requiring a Concordance 
for reference : indeed his ab- 
ility was chiefly shown in his 
exposition of the Word of God. 
He was a man of strong at- 
tachments and deep convictions. 
That which he believed he be- 
lieved firmly ; that which he. op- 
posed he opposed determinedly ; 
that which he hated, he hated 
intensely. He was highly re- 
spected, and by no one more 
so than by Lady Barham 
whilst she lived. He died 

February i8th, 1829. The Rev. 
William Griffiths, Gower, 
wrote of him in his journal the 
day after his death, as fol- 
lows : " ' He was an Israelite 
indeed in whom there was no 
guile. 3 One well instructed in 
the oracles of truth, and more 
than a match for the ministers 
of Satan who wickedly wrest 
the word of God to their own 
damnation. None of these 
cared for his company, or 
wished more than once to enter 
the lists with him. He knew 
the nature, scope, and connec- 
tion of the holy Scriptures 
better than most men of my ac- 
quaintance. He was bold in 
reproving sin, but tender in 
recommending the Saviour." 
Memoir of the Rev. W . Griffiths, 
Barry Green, pages 64 and 161 ; 
Methodistiaeth Man, page 204. 
Carnarvonshire. Mr. Richard 
Lloyd, Beaumaris, heard him 

preach three times on the second 
Sunday after he had been 
awakened to a concern about 
his soul. 

LWYD, LLEDROD, Cardiganshire, 
began to preach at Conwil El- 
vet, Carmarthenshire, and re- 
moved in the year 1808 to Lled- 
rod, where he died. He. was a 
lively preacher, full of fire and 
vigour. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii., page 29. 

was born at Tafarntrip, Fes- 
tiniog Oct. 17, 1784. He was 
one of twelve children, and as 
his father was a working man, 
he could not give him much 
early education. When six 
years of age he attended one 
of Mr. Charles' Circulating 
Schools, which was started in 
the parish of Maentwrog the 
parish adjoining where he 
lived. In a few months he 
learnt to read Welsh well, and 
also a little English. In the 
year 1800, he came to Bala, 
where he pursued his calling as 
a tailor. He had not as yet ex- 
perienced any deep religious 
impressions, but he attended 
the means of grace and the 
Sabbath School, and thus 
gradually became concerned 
about his soul, and embraced 
the Gospel as the way of life. 
He joined the Church when he 
was 21 or 22 years of age. 
Shortly afterwards, Mr. 
Charles sent him to Holyhead 



to qualify himself to become a 
country schoolmaster, and he 
studied there for nine months. 
In 1808 he opened a school at 
Bala, and after that at Tre- 
rhiwaedog, and Pare, near 
Bala. In 1814, he removed to 
Trawsfynydd, where during 
the year following, he com- 
menced to preach. He was or- 
dained at Bala in 1825, and in 
1829, at the earnest request of 
the church at Bala, he came 
there to reside, and continued 
to do so until his death, April 
lyth, 1840, aged 55 years. 
Through his decease the Tem- 
perance cause lost one of its 
most ardent supporters, and the 
Churches of Wales one of its 
most highly respected minis- 
ters. The Rev. Richard Hum- 
phreys, speaking of him at the 
Association following his 
death, held at Denbigh, said 
his discretion as a man, his god- 
liness as a Christian, his rare 
gifts as a preacher combined 
to make him exceedingly use- 
ful in connection with the 
cause of Christ. He directed 
the Monthly Meeting of his 
county with much meekness 
and wisdom. He was buried 
at Llanycil, where the remains 
of many eminent Methodist 
ministers make the graveyard 
sacred to Methodism. His 
Memoir was written and pub- 
lished by the Rev. Lewis Jones, 
Bala. Y Drysorfa, vol. x., 
page 160 ; Enwogion Swydd 

Feirion, page 75 ; Hanes Meth- 
odistiaeth Gorllewin Meirion- 
ydd, vol. ii., page 175 ; Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. i.,. 
page 617. 

CAEDU, Merionethshire, came to 
this county from Carnarvon- 

DOLBENMAEN, Carnarvonshire, 
was born August, 1799, at Hen 
Shop, in the parish of Dol- 
benmaen. His parents were- 
Richard and Janet Jones, who 
kept a small farm, and were 
members of the Calvinistic 
Methodist church. He was 
the ninth of ten children the 
Rev. Morris Jones, Dinas, being 
one of his brothers. When 
fourteen years of age, he was 
apprenticed to a shoemaker at 
Garn. Four years later he 
went to Manchester, where, in 
two years' time he joined the 
Welsh church. In another twc* 
years, he began to preach. 
Through his confinement, in- 
separable from his calling as a. 
shoemaker, his health began to 
suffer, and under medical ad- 
vice he returned to his native 
district. Here he was recog- 
nized by the Carnarvonshire 
Monthly Meeting as a preach- 
er, and was received a member 
of the Association. In 1832, 
he married Miss Mary Evans, 
Glanygors, by whom he had 
three children one son and two 
daughters : the son however 


died, when he was but a few 
weeks old. He itinerated both 
through South and North 
Wales. He was ordained at 
Carnarvon in 1845. His soul 
was in his work, but his dis- 
ease grew upon him. Early 
in 1847, he became confined to 
his home and his bed ; and he 
died November 6th, of that year, 
aged 48 years. He had been 
a wise pastor and a fervent 

ENGAN, Carnarvonshire, was of 
a gentle disposition. He be- 
gan to labour publicly for the 
Lord, but his day was short, 
and the night wherein no man 
can work came upon him 

BOROUGH, Anglesea, was the 
son-in-law of Mr. John Davies, 
Ty'n-yr-allt, near Newborough, 
who was the grandfather of the 
Rev. David Jones, Dwyran. He 
preached for a period of 40 
years or more, and thus must 
have commenced doing so in 
1748, as he died in 1788. On 
one occasion his life was in 
imminent danger. This took 
place in the district where 
Bethel church was subsequently 
built. The service was in the 
open air, and the preacher stood 
on a rock. The leader in the 
attack was Chancellor Lewis, 
who had induced a number of 
low fellows to accompany him, 
bringing with them horns so as 
to disturb the meeting. When 

the preacher gave out a hymn 
to sing, these low fellows be- 
gan to blow their horns, and 
thus caused the greatest con- 
fusion. Some also began to 
throw small stones at him, 
so that he was obliged to- 
take to his heels, and was fol- 
lowed by his enemies like blood- 
hounds. One of them hap- 
pened to tread on the heels of 
one of his boon companions who 
was so enraged that he turned 
upon him with much fierceness, 
and a fight took place, which at 
once attracted their compan- 
ions' attention. In the mean- 
while Richard Jones, succeeded 
in escaping, wading through 
the river Malldwch, which was 
in full flow. MetJiodistiaetJt- 
Cymru, vol. ii., page 506 ; 
Methodistiaeth Mon, page 51. 

LLANFROTHEN, Merionethshire,, 
was a leader among his 
brethren. He was not a brilli- 
ant speaker but a deep thinker,, 
and thus he invariably spoke to- 
the edification of his hearers. 
Whilst slow of speech his 
thoughts were bright and 
sparkling. His hearers often 
hung upon his lips, and at times-, 
would be borne away by the 
force of his stirring thoughts. 
He spent much of his time in 
his study, and wrote much for 
the press, contributing fre- 
quently to the Goleuad Cymru, 
and afterwards to the Drysorfa. 
He generally wrote under the- 
cognomen of Cymro Gwyllt. A. 


number of articles from his pen 
were published under the title 
of Drych y Dadleuwr (The Con- 
troversialists Looking Glass). 
He was also a writer of 
hymns, which were published in 
a small volume. In his liter- 
ary work, as in his preaching, 
he proved himself to be a man 
of considerable intelligence, 
profound convictions, and 
breadth of thought. 

He was the son of John Prit- 
chard, Coed-cae-du, in the par- 
ish of Llanystumdwy, in the 
neighbourhood of Brynengan, 
and born in 1773, and was fair- 
ly well-to-do in his social cir- 
cumstances. He received his 
early education under the Rev. 
Evan Richardson, who, in that 
day, kept a school in the neigh- 
bourhood of Brynengan. He 
was thus early privileged with 
an elementary knowledge of 
English, Latin and Greek, and 
a taste for learning was 
.awakened in his soul. After 
leaving school he con- 
tinued his studies, and made 
so much progress that a gentle- 
man living in the neighbour- 
hood, a barrister by profession, 
offered to prepare him for the 
bar. For some reason unknown 
to us, the offer was declined. 
He did not in his early years 
show much leaning to religion 
though he lived a strictly moral 
life. He was of an independ- 
ent turn of mind, taciturn and 
reserved, and lived very much 

alone. When he gave himself 
to the Church of Christ, it was 
feared by some that he had 
not experienced a true conver- 
sion, as he did not seem to be 
deeply troubled by the convic- 
tion of sin. Even his love of 
poetry was lo'oked upon by some 
in his circle with considerable 
suspicion. But whatever pre- 
judices existed in the minds of 
the ignorant against him, he 
bore all opposition patiently 
and meekly. He began to 
preach in the year 1794, and re- 
moved to the Wern, Llanfrothen 
in 1819. In 1832 he removed 
again to Talsarnau, but con- 
tinued to be known as Richard 
Jones, Wern. There was no 
great charm in his ministry at 
first, but he gradually develop- 
ed, and took a high position 
among his brethren. He was 
ordained in the year 1814. in 

1832, his health began to de- 
cline, and on February 26th, 

1833, he passed away, aged 60 
years. His Memoir was written 
by the Rev. John Jones, Tre- 
madoc. Methodistiaeth Gor- 
llewin Meirionydd, vol. ii., 
page 196. 

VONSHIRE, called by some Ro- 
bert Sion Hughes. He was 
faithful and much beloved by 
his friends. He is said to have 
been as suitable for his age as a 
mould for its cast. 

Flintshire, lived for some time 



at Denbigh. He died October 
3oth, 1831, aged 49 years. A 
sermon preached by him. ap- 
peared in the Drysorfa, Febru- 
ary, 1844. 

T>RAIN, Merionethshire, was one 
of the early preachers. He 
lived for some time at Fedw'r- 
gog, near Talybont, but after 
Iris marriage he resided at Ty'n- 
ddol, Cwmtirmynach, and af- 
terwards at Plasdrain. He 
was an acceptable preacher, but 
died in the midst of his days. 
Methodistiaeth Dwyrafn Meir- 
ionydd, page 177. 

iAN, Carnarvonshire, was one of 
the best known and most wide- 
ly-respected of the preachers of 
"his denomination in his day, 
especially in North Wales. The 
service he rendered Methodism 
and his country, as a school- 
master, reformer, preacher of 
the Gospel and historian, was 
great. He did much in the 
"way of instructing the people, 
improving their morals, and 
furthering the interests of re- 
ligion. It is rather surprising 
Tiow he was not ordained to the 
full work of the ministry at 
the time the first batch of lay 
preachers was set apart to ad- 
minister the ordinances at 
Bala, in 1811. But as he him- 
self was honoured with the posi- 
tion of giving the charge to 
the newly-ordained ministers on 
that occasion, the likelihood is 

that, from a sense of modesty 
and of his personal uafitness 
for so holy an office, or from 
the fact that the infirmities of 
age were growing upon him, he 
must have declined to allow 
himself to be nominated for 
the honour. Of the high es- 
teem in which he was held by 
the brotherhood there is no 
doubt. It was pre-eminently 
so in Lleyn and Eifionydd, 
where he was a shining light 
and a leading spirit. As a 
preacher he was not as eloquent 
as some of his brethren; nor 
was he as vigorous and 
demonstrative in his style : he 
was rather a calm and conclu- 
sive reasoner and teacher. He 
took much interest in the his- 
tory of the Methodist move- 
ment, and kept a record of the 
most notable events that came 
within his observation. His 
" Drych yr Amseroedd " (The 
Mirror of the Times) is a re- 
pertoire of information bearing 
upon its history. He travelled 
much in the two sections of the 
Principality, and was a keen 
observer of men and events. He 
wrote several other useful works 
in Welsh, and translated the 
first volume of Gurnal's 
" Christian in his Complete Ar- 
mour." He went on several oc- 
casions to Llangeitho in com- 
pany with the pilgrim bands 
who nocked thither from Car- 
narvonshire to hear Daniel 
Rowland preach. He was pre- 

i 7 8 


sent at more than fifty of the 
annual meetings of the North 
Wales Association at Bala. 

He was born at Suntur, in 
the parish of Llanystumdwy, 
Carnarvonshire, in the year 
1745. Like most of the youths 
of his period and circle, he 
had but little educational ad- 
vantages : indeed he never had 
but six weeks' school training .- 
but through his own determined 
and persevering efforts he ac- 
quired more general knowledge 
than the majority of people of 
his day. He was a great read- 
er of such books as came within 
his reach. He lost his mother 
when he was eleven years of 
age, which was for him an ir- 
reparable loss, for she was a 
good, sensible woman, fond of 
her Bible and the Book of Com- 
mon Prayer : she also attended 
Church frequently and took Ro- 
bert with her. She was anxious 
to train her children in the ways 
of virtue and religion. Thus a 
taste for knowledge was quick- 
ened in his soul early in life, 
and he never lost an opportunity 
of improving himself. The few 
weeks' schooling he had was 
with one Thomas Gough, who 
was in the habit of instructing 
his scholars in Griffith Jones, 
Llanddowror's Catechism. 

When he was 17 years of age, he 
became possessed of a copy of 
this Catechism, and he was able 
to master it. It proved of great 
value to him, widening his 
knowledge in the doctrines of 

the Gospel and solemnizing his 
spirit. About the same time, he 
was converted by a sermon 
which he heard preached by one 
who accompanied Lewis Evan,. 
Montgomeryshire, on a preach- 
ing itinerancy in Carnarvon- 
shire ; and he at once joined 
the church at Brynengan. At 
'this time he was engaged in his 
occupation as a carpenter ; but 
he soon became possessed by the 
passionate desire to benefit his 
fellow countrymen, especially 
the rising generation. And one 
of those facts took place, which, 
were it recorded in the Bible in 
regard to any of the good men 
whose history is to be found in 
the Holy Book, would be de- 
clared to be legendary. Though 
quite a young man he under- 
took, without being helped or 
urged to do so by any one, a 
journey on foot to Laugharne, 
Carmarthenshire, a distance: 
considerably over 100 miles, 
to see Madame Bevan, to 
urge upon her to have com- 
passion upon the poor child- 
ren of North Wales through 
sending teachers to instruct 
them. On the way he prayed 
continually for the prosperity 
of his self-imposed mission; 
but unfortunately, when he 
reached Laugharne, the good 
lady was not at home, and it- 
seemed as if his .mission would 
end in complete failure. How- 
ever he left for her a pathetic- 
appeal, and resolved, as he was 
already in South Wales, and! 


I 79 

had heard much of Howel 
Harris, to visit Trevecca, and 
get an interview with him. This 
involved another walk of 60 
miles. Having seen Harris he 
returned to Laugharne, en- 
couraged possibly by him to do 
so. This time he succeeded in 
having an interview with 
Madame Bevan. She was 
loth to yield to his ap- 
peal, as she had been, 
after the Rev. Griffith Jones' 
death, disappointed in several 
of the teachers. However, see- 
ing his great earnestness in the 
matter, she resolved upon grant- 
ing him his request, on one con- 
dition, that he would undertake 
the work himself. To this he 
acquiesced, though he had not 
previously thought of anything 
of the kind. He commenced 
his work at Capel Curig, a dis- 
trict between Bangor and Bet- 
tws-y-coed. Here also he com- 
menced to preach. Like many 
others, he was led to do so quite 
accidentally, though, possibly 
the purpose had been in his 
mind for some time. A stranger 
had been announced to preach 
at Capel Curig, and Robert went 
to the service. But the preacher 
did not make his appearance. 
In the emergency Robert was 
urged to address the people who 
had come together. He did so, 
and thus began his preaching 
services, which he continued to 
the end of his days. As was 
customary with Madame Be- 
van's teachers, he had to re- 

move from place to place, as a 
few months were considered 
ample to teach the children and 
others who might attend to read 
the Welsh Bible. Thus he lab- 
oured successively at Capel 
Curig, Rhuddlan, Brynsiencyn, 
Beddgelert, Llangybi, Bryn- 
engan, Llanbadarn. In all 
these places, and possibly in 
others, he not only taught the 
young, but preached the Gos- 
pel. He often had much op- 
position to contend with, es- 
pecially because of his evangel- 
istic efforts, and this opposi- 
tion in the main arose from 
clergymen of the Established 
Church. One of these, the 
vicar of Brynsiencyn, who was 
bitter against the Methodists, 
compelled him to close the 
school. Robert, when leaving, 
remarked to the Clergyman, 
"Remember, sir, there will be 
a reference to this matter on the 
day of judgment." This, same 
clergyman and his wife visited 
a Mrs. Lloyd, of Cesail, Pen- 
morfa, Eifionydd. Whilst there 
he called upon a friend, who 
told him that a tenant of Mrs. 
Lloyd's living at Hendre 
Howell, not far from her palace 
had been in the habit for some 
years of permitting preaching 
in his house ; " and I am a- 
fraid," remarked the friend, 
"that no one has been honest 
enough to inform Mrs. Lloyd." 
Upon hearing this, the clergy- 
man was enraged, and remark- 
ed, " Can it possibly be true?" 



" True enough," was the reply. 
<c Well," he said, " I won't sit 
to dinner to-day before inform- 
ing her." And away he went 
towards her home. But before 
he had reached the palace, his 
mouth was all askew. The 

servants were frightened, and 
could get no answer from him 
to their questions. His wife 
was hastily summoned, but she 
could not get a word from him. 
He had been struck with palsy, 
and he remained dumb to the 
end of his life. He was thus 
prevented from reporting to Mrs 
Lloyd what he proposed to do, 
and the preaching continued at 
Hendre Howell as before. After 
Ms dismissal from Brynsiencyn, 
Hobert Jones went on an itiner- 
ancy through Anglesea with a 
clergyman whose name is not re- 
corded, and .his preaching is 
said to have been superior to 
that of the ecclesiastic. When 
.at Brynengan he .married Mag- 
dalen, the daughter of Richard 
Griffith, Cae'rtyddyn, in the 
parish of Llangybi, who proved 
to him a very worthy wife. 
When he was away on his 
preaching tours, she conducted 
family worship with her 
children, morning and even- 
ing. After a time he gave 
up the school, and took, 
upon a seven years' lease, 
.a farm, called Tirbach, Rhos- 
lan, Llanystumdwy. He built a 
house on the farm, one portion 
of it as a residence, and the 
other for preaching services, 

which were regularly held ; a 
church was also formed. When 
the lease, however, was up, he 
should not remain on the farm 
unless the preaching services 
were discontinued. To these 
terms he refused to comply, so 
he had to leave, and the church 
which had been formed was 
scattered. He then took a farm, 
named Ty-bwlcyn, near Garn- 
fadryn in Lleyn, where he re- 
mained till his wife's death. 
After that he gave up the farm, 
and for a time lodged here and 
there, devoting his time to liter- 
ature and. preaching the Gospel. 
Ultimately, a chapel house was 
built in connection with Dinas 
chapel, and here he made his 
abode during the remaining 
days of his life. He died 
April nth, 1829, aged 84 years, 
and was buried in Llaniestyn 
graveyard. Methodistiaeth 

Cymru> vol. ii., page 186 ; Meth- 
odistiaeth Man, page 60 ; Tad- 
du Methodistaidd, vol. ii., page 


TRAWSFYNYDD, Merionethshire, 
was one of the early preachers. 

GARON, Cardiganshire, was a 
man of peculiar temperament 
and considerable genius. At 
times he was extremly un- 
couth and blunt in his man- 
ner, but in the inner cir- 
cle of his acquaintances he 
was gentle and kind. If mat- 
ters did not go well with 
him, he would not hesitate to 



give expression to his feelings 
in rather strong language, 
which might give offence to one 
who did not know his ways. 
He was right at heart, though 
at times rough in his tongue. 
He was equally sharp and 
straight with all classes. He 
was often quaint and original, 
witty and humourous. Had he 
been trained for the English 
ministry, and had his pecuniary 
circumstances been more fav- 
ourable, he might have been 
classed with John Berridge, 
though doubtless he would not 
have been always so affable. His 
poverty and the poor remunera- 
tion he received for his ser- 
vices, and this whilst he had 
a wife and nine children de- 
pendent upon him for their sup- 
port, entered very largely into 
the cause of his expressing him- 
self in the soured tone which 
was so characteristic of him. 
Underneath the rough ex- 
terior however, which he 
sometimes manifested, he had 
a soft and tender heart. 
No doubt he was a true 
genius and often gave expres- 
sion to very beautiful thoughts. 
He was born in a small farm 
house named Rhyd-yr-efail, 
Lledrod, Cardiganshire, in the 
year 1762. His parents were 
Evan and Jane Jones, who were 
of a deeply religious disposi- 
tion. Indeed, his father was 
one of the earliest exhorters of 
Methodism in Cardiganshire. 
There were two sons and one 

daughter. William became a 
Congregational minister, and 
for some years had charge of 
a Congregational church at 
Trawsfynydd. Theophilus re- 
ceived his early training at the 
Ystradmeirig School, which was 
conducted at the time by the 
Rev. Mr. Williams father of 
the eminent scholar, Arch- 
deacon Williams. His teacher 
was his cousin. The lad took 
well to his education. Indeed 
their cousin offered the two 
lads to prepare them for the 
Church, but both refused, pre- 
ferring to throw in their lot 
with the Nonconformists. Just 
then a revival took place in their 
immediate neighbourhood ; and 
notwithstanding the contempt he 
drew upon himself through do- 
ing so, Theophilus threw in 
his lot with the Methodists. 
When about twenty years of 
age he entered Lady Hunting- 
don's College, then at Trevecca ; 
and three years later he began 
to preach. In 1806, he mar- 
ried Anne, the daughter of 
Edward and Anne Davies, 
Rhydlwyd, Lledrod, by whom 
he had nine children, all of 
whom, excepting one, survived 
him. Sometime after his mar- 
riage he removed to Tregaron, 
where he continued to reside 
until his death. He travelled 
much as was the custom of the 
Methodist ministry in his day. 
The pecuniary remuneration 
given at that time, even to 
ministers who had no other 

1 82 


source of maintenance, was 
shamefully small, and placed 
men like Theophilus Jones in a 
very difficult financial position. 
He was no doubt often very 
hard pressed and in great 
straits. This at last led him 
in the year 1820, when he was 
58 years of age, to seek admis- 
sion into the ministry of the 
Established Church, hoping 
thereby to be better able to sup- 
port and bring up worthily his 
large family. He presented 
himself to Bishop Burgess, fully 
expecting to be received as he 
was no mean scholar. But to 
his disappointment and chagrin 
he was rejected on the ground 
of his age. The Bishop told 
him, "You are too old." Na- 
turally, he was taken to task 
severely by his brethren at the 
Quarterly Association, when 
what he had done became 
known ; and it was only by the 
skin of his teeth he escaped 
suspension, if not complete ex- 
communication. Had it not 
been for the earnest interces- 
sion of his great friend, the 
Rev. Ebenezer Richards, whose 
influence was almost supreme, 
he would no doubt have been 
dealt with severely. His po- 
verty and consequent hardships 
were doubtless the main reason 
which led him to seek p'erfer- 
ment in the Church, as he sel- 
dom received more than 20 a 
year for his preaching services, 
whilst, as already stated, he had 
a large family to provide for. 

As a preacher he had a style 
of his own, sometimes very curt, 
especially if he were at all de- 
pressed. And very little, such 
as a slight change of weather, a 
little cold or wet, or some dis- 
appointment, would put him out 
of humour. He would vary 
much in his moods. At times 
his ministry would be cheerful 
and flowing : at other times it 
would be quite the reverse. 
Should it be at all dark upon 
him, he would cut his ser- 
mon short. Apart from his 
moods, his gifts as a preacher 
were considerable, but never 
secured him the appreciation he 

It is said of him that when 
he was preaching one afternoon 
at Beaufort, a colliery district 
on the borders of Monmouth- 
shire, the colliers, according to 
their custom at the time, came 
to the service unwashed and in 
their working clothes. After 
taking his text, he addressed 
them in these words of course 
in Welsh " People, I am 
afraid of you I am in my 
heart afraid of you the Lord 
knows I am afraid of you. The 
devils themselves cannot be 
blacker than you are. But a 
fount has been opened to wash 
away all filth ; and possibly you 
may become washed as white as 
the angels of God." 

He died May 2gth, 1829, aged 
67 years, and was buried in Tre- 
garon churchyard. Y Traeth- 


odydd, vol. ii., page 286; En- 
wogion Ceredigion, page 144. 

Anglesea, was born at Frondir- 
ion, in the parish of Llanfwrog, 
June 2310!, 1777. His parents 
were John and Margaret Thom- 
as, Ty'n-yr-efel, who walked in 
the fear of the Lord, and 
sought to train their children 
for His service, with the result 
that of their eight children, 
three devoted themselves to the 
ministry of the Gospel Thomas 
and Rees with the Methodists, 
and Robert with the Congrega- 
tionalists at Corwen. Thomas 
was brought up in the same 
calling as his father, that of a 
blacksmith. He did not ap- 
preciate the educational advant- 
ages within his reach until 
he began to preach. He then 
applied himself with much 
constancy to reading and study. 
He mastered the English langu- 
age so thoroughly that he trans- 
lated several standard theo- 
logical works into Welsh. 
Among others the following may 
be mentioned " Am y Pryned- 
igaeth;" "Scott ar y Proph. 
wydi;" " Yr Arweinydd Crist- 
ionogol." In 1802, he mar- 
ried Margaret, a daughter of 
Mr. John Griffiths, Bryngwran. 
He was chosen a deacon of the 
church at Caergeiliog, and in 
1807, he began to preach. He 
changed his residence once or 
twice, and ultimately settled at 
Llainlwyd, near Amlwch, where 
tie opened a school. He was an 

earnest preacher, and in his 
earlier years in the ministry he * 
consecrated every Friday, so 
far as circumstances would per- 
mit, to fasting and prayer, 
pleading for the help of the 
Spirit in his work. He took 
much interest in the prophecies 
of the Scriptures, looking for- 
ward to the years 1849 anc ^ 1926 
as periods when great changes 
would come to pass in the reli- 
gious world. He entertained 
great confidence as to the re- 
turn of the Jews to Palestine, 
and frequently prayed that the 
event might be hastened. He 
died suddenly, July 6th, 1847, 
aged 70 years, and was buried 
in Llanfwrog churchyard. Y 
Drysorfa, vol. xviii., page 205 ; 
Y Traethodydd, 1880, page 53 ; 
Methodistiaeth Man, page 197. 
MARTHEN, was among the first 
preachers ordained at Llan- 
dilo, Carmarthenshire in 1811. 
In his early years he lived at 
Trebedw, Capel y Drindod, Car- 
diganshire. He removed thence 
to Llanpumsaint, a few miles 
from Carmarthen, and ulti- 
mately he resided at Carmarthen. 
His chief object in removing to 
the latter place was to super- 
intend the publishing of an edi- 
tion of Peter Williams' Bible. 
He was a busy man and an 
ardent student. Notwithstand- 
ing his itinerancies through 
North and South Wales, he 
found time to prepare and pub- 
lish Commentaries in Welsh on 



the Pentateuch, the book of Job, 
Solomon's Song, and the e-pistle 
to the Hebrews works which 
were exceedingly popular for 
many a year. Through his in- 
dustry and ability he succeeded 
in mastering the English langu- 
age and becoming an acceptable 
preacher in the pulpits of Lady 
Huntingdon's chapels. He 
was a sound divine, a popular 
preacher, and highly respected 
in the town where he dwelt ; and 
by the denomination of which he 
was a minister. He died Jan. 
18, 1831, aged 70 years. His 
eldest son was for a brief 
period the minister of Lady 
Huntingdon's Chapel, Swansea, 
and afterwards became Classical 
Tutor at Cheshunt College, 
where he died in the year 1825 
at the early age of thirty-three 
years. His second son, John, 
was also a minister of Lady 
Huntingdon's Connexion. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 472. 

Flintshire, began to preach in 
the year 1839, and was received 
by the Association at Mold in 
the year 1842. He died April 
i3th, 1847, a ged 42 years. He 
was an acceptable preacher and 
a considerable writer. He 
translated Thomas Watson's 
"Body of Divinity" into 
Welsh. Y Drysorfa, vol. xvii., 
page 159. 

Merionethshire, came to Cor- 
wen, about the year 1820, to 

open a school. In 1824 he had: 
taken to the business of a gro- 
cer. His name is to be found in. 
1827 among the preachers who 
officiated at Pare. He was a pop- 
ular preacher during his brief 
day. On one occasion he preach- 
ed at the same service in Angle- 
sea with the Rev. John Elias. 
The Rev. R. Parry (Gwalch- 
mai) was present, and intro- 
ductory to a fine sketch of the 
master preacher, he says, " One 
Thomas Jones, Corwen, preach- 
ed before him, and though he- 
was but a comparatively young 
man he had a wonderful ser- 
vice. He got a complete mas- 
tery over the congregation : the- 
crowd was deeply affected, and 
some were on the point of 
bursting forth in praise when 
he sat down. Some were 
almost inclined to say ' that 
it would be useless to have 
any further preaching that 
evening. It would be better to 
close the service. 3 Indeed some- 
quietly made the remark." Fol- 
lowing upon this reference to> 
Jones, Gwalchmai wrote his 
grand description of John 
Elias whose preaching soon ec- 
lipsed that of his predeces- 
sor. Jones died about the year 
1830, and had been suspended 
from preaching a short time 
previously. MethodistiaetJr 
Dwyrain Meirionydd, page 332. 
BIGH, took a very prominent 
part in the history of Welsh 
Methodism ; indeed he hardl) r 


ranks second to the renowned 
Rev. Thomas Charles of Bala. 
He and Mr. Charles were for 
many years co-workers, fre- 
quently taking sweet counsel 
together, and deeply attached 
to each other : working hand in 
glove for the furtherance of the 
cause of Christ in the Meth- 
odist fold, and also for the edu- 
cational and spiritual welfare 
of their countrymen. 

He was born at Penuchaf, 
Caerwys, Denbighshire, in the 
month of February, 1756 the 
precise date is not known. His 
parents were Edward and Jane 
Jones. The estate of Pen- 
uchaf had been in the family 
for nearly five centuries. From 
his earliest years Thomas had 
the best education within reach, 
and this was continued until he 
was sixteen years of age. His 
health not being satisfactory he 
left school. He was at the 
time deeply concerned about his 
soul, and was led to throw in 
his lot with the Methodists, a 
step which displeased his father 
considerably ; the Methodists at 
the time being a despised peo- 
ple, few in number and humble 
in social position. It was his 
father's wish that he should re- 
turn to school and prepare for 
Orders in the Church ; but he 
would not entertain the idea for 
a moment. The character of 
the clergy in his day was so low 
and depraved, that his soul 
shrank from allying himself 
with them. Like Moses, he re- 

solved upon identifying himself 
with those whom he deemed to be^ 
the people of God, rather than 
secure earthly position and 
riches through following the^ 
desire of his father. He there- 
fore remained at home and was. 
obliged to take part in all kinds 
of menial work on the farm, ac- 
cording to the requirements of 
farm life. 

His early deep religious im- 
pressions continued for about 
seven years, during which time- 
he found but little relief. He 
passed through much anxiety of 
soul. He was deeply pained 
and heavily laden hy his sense 
of sin and unworthiness. He 
felt drawn to the preaching of 
the Word of God by the simple 
preachers of his day, and to the 
small circle of God-fearing peo- 
ple with whom he worshipped. 
Notwithstanding his father's 
coldness and resentment, he 
was most diligent in his at- 
tendance at the means of grace, 
oftentimes going long distances 
to hear the few humble preach- 
ers who held forth the Word of 
truth. The record of his re- 
ligious experience, as recorded 
in his autobiography, reveals 
through what darkness and 
agony of soul he passed. For 
these seven years he was in 
much doubt and sorely depres- 
sed. He yearned for light and 
joy but found none. But at the 
close of this period, the clouds 
began to disperse, his bonds be- 
gan to loosen, and he entered 

1 86 


upon the glorious liberty jf the 
sons of God. He became a new 
man with new joys and new 
aspirations. From this time 
forth he found the abundant life 
which Jesus has to impart. 

Though he persistently re- 
fused to become a clergyman, 
the desire arose in his heart now 
and again to speak a few 
words for Jesus to the humble 
people with whom he associated 
and worshipped ; and one Sun- 
day evening when he was at a 
service at Caerwys, the expect- 
ed preacher did not make his 
appearance, so the friends pre- 
sent urged him to speak a few 
words. He yielded to their re- 
quest. In this simple fashion 
he began and entered upon his 
ministerial life a life which 
became bright and full of bles- 
sing to the cause of Christ. 

Methodism was at this time 
the year 1783 exceedingly weak 
throughout the whole of North 
. Wales. The churches were few 
in number and small as regards 
membership. There were but 
twenty places, at most, in the 
counties of both Flint and Den- 
bigh where services were held 
with anything like regularity. 
In these twenty places, there 
-were but six chapels, and these 
were small, plain, insignificant 
"buildings. There was not one 
ordained minister in connection 
with Methodism throughout the 
whole of North Wales. It was 
two years subsequently to this 
that the Rev. Thomas Charles 

identified himself with the 
Methodist movement, and he 
was the first clergyman in 
the northern province who 
did so. There were, how- 
ever, nine or ten preachers 
farmers, or workmen eagaged in 
daily toil, who had enjoyed no 
special training, and but little 
education beyond what they 
received through the study of 
the Holy Scriptures. It was no 
light thing for a young man like 
Thomas Jones to identify him- 
self with a cause which was 
thus humble. 

As soon as it became Tcnown 
that he had begun to preach ap- 
plications for his services be- 
came frequent, and he found 
but little rest. As his health 
was far from strong, he was 
often laid aside and had to re- 
strain himself from manual 
work on the farm. He took 
advantage of these occasions to 
pursue his studies and qualify 
himself for future ministerial 

In 1785, two years after he 
began to preach, he first met 
with the Rev. Thomas Charles, 
between whom and him sprang 
up a deep and abiding friend- 
ship. They assisted each other in 
every way possible, and work- 
ed harmoniously and effectually 
together for the furtherance of 
the cause of Christ, until separ- 
ated by the stream of death. 
They became close and fast 
friends, comforting each other 
in their trials, and encouraging 



each other in their efforts for the 
welfare of religion and their 

country. Both were young and 
.about the same age. Both 
were animated by similar sym- 
pathies and ambitions. Both 
were consumed by their fervent 

.zeal in the cause of the same 
Master. Nothing like their 
united influence is to be found 

elsewhere in the annals of Meth- 
odism. Through the pulpit and 
the press, they did an amount 

of work which entered largely 
into the life and character and 
form of the Denomination to 
which they were attached. It 

ought to be recorded that Mr. 
Jones was in London supply- 

.ing the Welsh church in Wilder- 
ness Row, during the time 
when Mr. Charles was busy 
seeking to stir up the friends of 

the Religious Tract Society to 
make a special effort for a larger 

.-supply of Bibles for Wales, and 
which led to the formation of 

the British and Foreign Bible 
Society. There can be no 
doubt that, as the two friends 

were together in London, Mr. 
Jones aided Mr. Charles con- 
siderably in his successful ap- 
peals for the attainment of his 


In October, 1795, through his 
marriage with .Miss Elizabeth 
Jones, of Mold, he removed 

from Penuchaf to Mold. His 
matrimonial life, however, in 

-this instance was short, as Mrs. 
Jones died in November, 1797. 

'.He continued however to reside 

at Mold, and he did so even 
after his father's death in 1803, 
when the Penuchaf estate fell 
into his possession. His whole 
thoughts were taken up with the 
service of the Lord. Earthly 
gain and earthly ambition 
formed no element in his life. 
He consecrated himself to 
preaching and literature, send- 
ing forth through the press 
works designed to be helpful to 
the spiritual and intellectual 
life of the people. 

In 1804, he married again. 
His new partner was an English 
lady of the name of Maysmor, 
who lived in the parish of Llan- 
elidan, near Ruthin. This led 
to his change of residence from 
Mold to Ruthin. As at 
Mold, so at Ruthin, he applied 
himself with energy to the work 
of the ministry and the produc- 
tion of religious literature. His 
second matrimonial experience, 
like his first, was of short dura- 
tion. Mrs. Jones lived but six- 
teen months after her marriage. 
In about twelvemonths he mar- 
ried a third time : this took 
place October 6th, 1806. The 
lady of his choice was Miss 
Mary Lloyd, Tanypendist, 
Llanrwst. He was more for- 
tunate in this case in the partner 
he found as regards her health 
and strength : she even outlived 
him for the long space of 
twenty-eight years. 

His stay at Ruthin was not 
very long, for in the year i8og, 
he removed to Denbigh, where 



he henceforth resided, with the 
exception of a brief space of two 
years when, for the sake of his 
health, he lived at Syrior Goch, 
near Bettws, Abergele. His 
physical health was at no time 
vigorous. He suffered almost 
through life from a most pain- 
ful affliction which necessitated 
on two occasions his undergoing 
a dangerous operation. In the 
hope that he would be better 
through a stay in the country, 
he went in May, 1816, to Syrior 
Goch, but finding that his ex- 
pectation was vain, he returned 
to Denbigh, where he ended his 
days June i6th, 1820. 

Notwithstanding his physical 
sufferings, his life was ever a 
busy one. Besides preaching, 
he always had some literary 
work in hand. When at 
Ruthin, he even set up a print- 
ing press so as to facilitate the 
bringing forth of his writings. 
For this undertaking he secured, 
the services of Mr. Thomas Gee, 
whose son was the well-known 
Thomas Gee, preacher, politi- 
cian, printer and publisher, 
Denbigh. When he removed 
from Ruthin to Denbigh, he 
took his printing establishment 
with him. His whole writings 
consist, it is said, of about 
5,500 pages of printed matter. 
The Rev. Jonathan Jones, in his 
Memoir, gives a list of thirty- 
three works written by him : 
some of these were small 
volumes or mere tracts ; others, 
such as "Hanes y Merthyron " 

(The History of the Martyrs), 
and his translation of GurnaPs. 
" Christian in his Complete 
Armour," in four volumes, were- 
large and important works. He- 
was moreover a considerable 
poet, many of his odes and 
some of his hymns being of no- 
mean order. There can be no- 
doubt that through his writings 
his influence upon the spiritual 
life of the country, especially of 
his own denomination, was very 

The part he took in connection 
with the first setting apart of 
preachers to the full work of 
the ministry in his Connexion 
was very prominent and unique. 
For some years before 1811, the 
cry arose in many circles for 
the ordination of some of the 
leading preachers of the Meth- 
odist movement. The three or 
four more prominent facts that 
led to this were, first, the few- 
ness of the Clergymen who were- 
identified with the movement, 
and who would administer the 
ordinances elsewhere than in the- 
parish churches, and hence the 
administration of the ordin- 
ances was painfully infre- 
quent in some districts, though 
chapels were increasing in 
number ; secondly, the reluc- 
tance of many of the Method- 
ists to commune in the parish 
churches because of the low and" 
depraved habits of some of the- 
Clergy, at whose hands they 
could not accept the sacred ele-- 



merits : thirdly, because indi- 
viduals who were excommuni- 
cated from the Methodist 
Societies, in consequences of 
their ungodly ways, were al- 
lowed to commune in the parish 
church : and fourthly, the ma- 
jority of the members in the 
Methodist Societies had been 
converted under the ministry of 
the preachers ; and through their 
preaching received their spiri- 
tual instruction and nurture : 
and they could not see why they 
should not receive the ordinance 
at their hands. The episcopally 
ordained clergy in the main 
were strongly opposed to any 
action being taken. It was a 
time of great strife. Even the 
Rev. Thomas Charles was un- 
yielding in his opposition until 
he found that Mr. Thomas Jones 
was strongly in favour of the 
movement, and he had heard 
that, at the request of the church 
at Denbigh, he had adminis- 
tered the ordinance of Baptism. 
His regard for Mr. Jones and 
his opinion of him were so high 
that this action finally led him 
to yield to the demand. Ar- 
rangements were then made to 
carry the decision into effect, 
which was done first at Bala, 
June igth, 1811, when Mr. Jones 
and seven other lay preachers 
were set apart for the adminis- 
tration of the ordinances. 

During the years 1814 1820, 
a fierce theological conflict took 
place in Wales, especially in 

the northern province, relative 
to the extent of our Lord's 
atonement for sin. A large 
number of ministers and deacons 
held with great persistency that 
the atonement made was simply 
equivalent to the debt due by 
the Lord's, people to the Law of 
God through their transgres- 
sions. The value of the Atone- 
ment was thus set forth as 
limited. Thomas Jones was for 
a time almost single-handed in 
opposition to this limited and 
commercial view. In the pul- 
pit and through the press he re- 
sented the mercantile character 
of the doctrine as taught and 
urged by the High Calvinistic 
school. He set forth in strong- 
est terms the infinitude of the 
propitiation, and he did so with 
such skill and force that he 
gradually silenced and com- 
pletely overthrew his oppo- 
nents. No doubt he took 
the chief part in setting the de- 
nomination right on this vital 
question. He fought hard, 
and though at first he was 
vilified and reviled, he ultim- 
ately won the day. There can 
be little doubt that he was an 
able and skilful debater, and a 
man of great force of character. 
Having once taken up his posi- 
tion, he was not easily moved. 
He thus contributed largely in 
the making of Methodism, both 
as to its theology and its ecclesi- 
astical order. Cofiant y Parch. 
Thomas Jones o Ddinbych. 

i go 


DDAROG, Carmarthenshire, was 
born at the Foel, in the parish 
of Llanvihangel-rhos-y-cwm, in 
the year 1771. He joined the 
church at Llanpumsaint early in 
life. He commenced preach- 
ing at Llanddarog, when thirty- 
five years of age. He was well- 
known and highly esteemed, es- 
pecially within the bounds of 
his own Monthly Meeting, 
where he almost exclusively la- 
boured. He was ordained at 
Cardigan in 1830, and was a 
preacher of the Gospel for forty- 
four years. His faithfulness 
to his Monthly Meeting was 
most exemplary : he was seldom 
absent, unless he would happen 
to be on a preaching tour, which 
was very exceptional. His 
name was fragrant for many 
years after his death. It is 
said that he never broke a 
preaching engagement, and that 
his punctuality was proverbial. 
He was faithful in . his whole 
house, and his presence was a 
joy to the brethren. His spirit 
was lovely and his counsel was 
wise. Many of his sayings at 
church meetings were treasur- 
ed by those who heard them. 
He died August i2th, 1849, 
in the 78th year of his age. 
CenTiadon Hedd, page 7. 

OG, Montgomeryshire, accord- 
ing to the testimony borne of 
him by those who heard him 
preach, was a man who had been 

endued with great ministerial 
gifts. Dr. Owen Thomas, who- 
once heard him, records that 
few preachers in his day were 
more popular and successful 
than he. He was blessed with 
much intellectual power. His 
style of preaching was pathetic. 
Through a sermon preached by 
him, the Rev. John Hughes, 
Pontrobert, when a young man, 
was converted. He died June 
igth, 1835. 

ASSAM, the first Missionary of 
the Methodists to Khassia was 
the second son of Edward and 
Mary Jones, of Tanyffridd, in 
the parish of Llangyniew, 
Montgomeryshire, and was born 
January 24th, 1810. He was 
brought up a wheelwright and 
carpenter, but he afterwards be- 
came a miller at Berriew. Here 
he experienced deep religious 
impressions, and began to preach 
about the year 1835. He soon 
after resolved upon becoming a 
missionary, and was among the 
first students who entered Bala 
College at the time it was open- 
ed in 1837. I* 1 ^38 or 1839, he 
offered himself to the London 
Missionary Society, with a 
strong predilection in favour of 
India. But he was rejected, 
upon the report of Dr. Con- 
quest, on the ground of his 
health. The Directors subse- 
quently accepted him on condi- 
tion that he would consent to 
labour in South Africa, but this 


he declined,, and the negotia- 
tions with the Society fell 
through. For some time pre- 
vious to this, the desire had 
arisen in some circles of Meth- 
odism to form a Missionary So- 
ciety apart from the London 
Society, and now that this young 
man of their own denomination 
was ready to take up the work, 
it was decided to accept him as 
its .first missionary. He was ac- 
cordingly ordained at Bala, 
January ist, 1840, and after a 
few months' medical training in 
Glasgow, he was sent to the 
Khassia Hills, November 25th, 
1840. He reached Cherra- 
poonjee, June 22nd, 1841. He 
was a man of considerable ab- 
ility, and of a strong will, well 
suited for pioneer work. He 
buried his first wife in 1845, and 
circumstances arose, in con- 
nection with his second mar- 
riage which led to the termina- 
tion of his connection with the 
Society in 1847. He did good 
work, and his .successors no 
doubt profited considerably 
through his labours. He died 
at Calcutta, Sept. i6th, 1849, 
aged 39 years. His daughter 
Mrs. Brownlow continued to 
live in Assam, and her step- 
daughter, Miss Brownlow, was 
engaged in connection with our 
Mission in Sylhet. Monthly 
Tidings for 1893, page 69; 
Montgomeryshire Worthies, 
page 162; Y Drysorfa, vol. x., 
page 53 ; Hanes Cenhadaeth 

Dramor y Methodistiaid Calfin- 
aidd, page 429. 

BOROUGH, Anglesea, was born in 
the year 1792. His father who- 
was a religious man, died 
young, through having taken a. 
chill when out at night at a re- 
vival meeting. Thomas was. 
then brought up by his grand- 
father his mother's father at 
Ty Croes. He was not only 
godly but exceptionally so, fre- 
quently spending considerable 
time in prayer in an old quarry- 
in one of the fields of his grand- 
father's farm. He joined the 
church when fourteen years of 
age, and in 1817 began to 
preach. Shortly afterwards he- 
went on a preaching tour 
through South Wales in com- 
pany with the Rev. David Elias, 
and was very much liked. On 
his return journey, he was taken, 
suddenly ill at Carnarvon, and 
in three days, May i8th, 1820, 
he died, at the early age of 
twenty-eight years. Method- 
istiaeth Man, page 198. 

JONES, MR., TWYN, Glamor- 
ganshire, was one of the early 
preachers of Methodism in his- 
county. He is referred to as 
having come to Aberthyn one- 
Sunday morning to preach, 
when he found the door of the 
chapel closed against him and" 
those who had come to the ser- 
vice, by the section of the 
Aberthyn church which held the 
doctrines of Sabellius. One of" 

-i 92 


two courses was open to him 
.and his friends either to con- 
duct the service in the open air 
or break open the door of the 
^chapel and enter by force. The 
latter course was taken, and 
those present rushed in, shout- 
.ing, " Success to the truth." 
Mr. Jones then entered the pul- 
pit, and preached the truth as 
.accepted by the orthodox Meth- 

.FONDDU, Montgomeryshire, was 
torn in 1770. His father was 
.a respectable farmer and cattle- 
dealer, living at Nant-fudr, and 
.afterwards at Coedcaedu, in the 
parish of Trawsfynydd, Mer- 
ionethshire. He was privileged 
with receiving a better educa- 
tion than most boys of his day 
and district; but his delight in 
the days of his youth was in the 
way of vanity and sin, totally 
unconcerned about the salva- 
tion of his soul. He occasion- 
.ally attended religious services ; 
and gradually his spiritual in- 
-terests began to press upon his 
mind, especially after his 
mother's death. But he did 
not for some time identify him- 
-self with any particular deno- 
mination. He was led by his 
calling occasionally to visit 
London, where he heard the 
pious Mr. Romaine, whose 
preaching produced a deep im- 
pression upon him. Upon his 
return home he joined the Meth- 
-odists. His father who was a 

zealous Churchman was dis- 
pleased with him for doing so, 
and prohibited him from con- 
ducting family worship in the 
house, until he offered to read 
prayers from the Prayer Book. 
Without the knowledge of his 
father, however, he often 
blended with the prayers of the 
Prayer Book, petitions and 
praises of 'his own. But one 
night the candle went out, and 
William, in no way discon- 
certed, went on, until his father 
shouted, " What art thou doing, 
Willie?" an uncle also, who 
was living with the family, 
held up his fist at him, threat- 
ening to strike him. 

When 24 years of age, he 
married Mrs. Watkins, a widow 
lady living at Mathafarn, near 
Machynlleth, and removed there 
to live. About eight years after 
he began to preach, and he con- 
. tinued to do so with much zeal, 
ability, and faithfulness to the 
end of his life. A determined 
and successful attempt was made 
by the Vicar of the parish to get 
him ejected from his farm, be- 
cause of the preaching services 
he conducted, but in the good 
providence of God the Vicar was 
thwarted in his efforts to get him 
driven out of the parish, as 
just then, he inherited some pro- 
perty therein. From this time 
forth he dwelt at Dol-y-fonddu. 
He took a prominent part in the 
affairs of his Monthly Meeting, 
and became one of its chief pil- 



lars. He did not travel much 
beyond the bounds of his 
own Presbytery, though he 
paid an occasional visit to the 
churches both of North and 
South Wales. In proof of the 
high esteem in which he was 
held, it may be said that he was 
one of the eight lay preachers 
ordained at Bala, in 1811. He 
died March ist, 1837, aged 67 
years. His Memoir was 

written and published by the 
Rev. John Hughes, Pontrobert. 
En-wogion Swydd Feirion, page 
29 ; Y Drysorja, vol. x., page 


BWLCH, Montgomeryshire, was 
a respectable farmer, and at 
the same time a preacher of the 
Gospel of considerable ability; 
"but he did not go far afield 
from his own county. He died 
July, 1818, aged 77 years. 

DUDOCH, Pembrokeshire, was 
one of the clergymen of the 
Church of England who dis- 
sociated themselves from the 
Methodists at the time of the 
first ordination of lay preach- 
ers in 1811. He came to Llan- 
dudoch from Glamorganshire 
about the year 1776, and co- 
operated with the Methodists 
f r 35 years ; and he did so 
heartily. Through his instru- 
mentality the first chapel was 
erected at Llandudoch, and he 
was exceedingly faithful in at- 
tending all the services, never 

absenting himself if he was at 
home. Moreover, he enter- 
tained all the preachers who 
visited the place from time to 
time on their itinerancies. He 
was frequently present at the 
Monthly Meetings and Quar- 
terly Associations of the De- 
nomination. He was not con- 
sidered a great preacher, but 
he was thoroughly evangelical, 
and hence the Methodists every-' 
where gathered to hear him. 
He was considerably under the 
influence of the Rev. David 
Griffiths, Nefern, and like him, 
when he left the Connexion, re- 
tained possession of the chapel 
which he had been the means 
of erecting. He died Oct. 3ist, 
1825, aged 76 years fourteen 
years after he had left the 
Methodists. Y Tadau Method- 
istaidd, vol. ii., page 336. 

GYNDEYRN, Carmarthenshire, 
was brought up at Cilycwm, 
where he began to preach. He 
removed to Llangyndeyrn, and 
in the year 1809, he was instru- 
mental in the erection of a 

BRWYDRAU, Glamorganshire, 
died September i6th, 1849, aged 
48 years. He had been for 
some years an acceptable 
preacher within the bounds of 
his Monthly Meeting, but he 
was suddenly cut down by an 
attack of cholera. 

WELY, Carmarthenshire, is re- 



ferred to as having had on one 
occasion a memorable service 
near Llandovery. 

LAN, Flintshire, died Oct. loth, 
1844, having been a preacher 
for more than 30 years, and 
ordained in June, 1831. He 
was a sincere Christian, and a 
lively and popular preacher. 
His chief ability was in the 
pulpit. Indeed, he was but lit- 
tle besides a preacher in his re- 
lation either to the church or 
the world, but he was a preach- 
er, who drew crowds to hear 
him. "It is rarely," says Dr. 
Owen, quoted by the Rev. 
Henry Rees, in an article on 
Rev. Thomas Lloyd, Abergele, 
in the Traethodydd, vol. ix., 
" that the two kinds of gifts, 
those of ministering in the 
Word of God and the doctrine 
of the Gospel, and those of 
successfully managing a 
church, meet in the same per- 
son : those who are born lead- 
ers in church affairs have sel- 
dom great preaching gifts." 
Mr. Jones belonged to the class 
endued with the preaching 
gift. Mr. Rees adds, "Mr. 
Jones had but little ability in 
the management of a church. 
He was not the man to be sent 
to Corinth, to smooth the dis- 
agreements that at one time ex- 
isted there, nor to be left at 
Crete, to settle matters, and ap- 
point elders in every church. 
And yet he had a word to say 
to sinners." The pulpit was 
his place. As regards his 

physical frame, his voice, his 
popular gifts, he was cut out to 
be an itinerant preacher arid a 
revivalist of no ordinary 
merit. The sound of battle was 
in his spirit and ministry. He 
ever aimed at striking severely 
the corruptions of the people ; 
and though at times his 
natural disposition might lead 
him a little astray, on the 
whole, his aim was serious. 
At times he would go to low 
and corrupt gatherings here- 
and there in the country, such, 
as feasts and cock-fightings, 
and would raise his banner ia 
the name of his God : he would 
face the enemy on his own 
ground in the lowest circles. 
And in some places he was. 
not altogether unsuccessful. 
Preaching on one occasion at 
a Wake, one lad more than or- 
dinarily jocular drew his at- 
tention, and he remarked to him, 
" You had better, my lad, take- 
it a little more easily, possibly 
that some blow may be nearer . 
you than you think; but I hope- 
that you will not descend tc 
hell." Strange to say, that 
night the lad broke his leg be- 
fore he reached home. He had 
a very earnest, yet suitable- 
manner, of setting forth his- 
thoughts. The people under- 
stood him, listened with a 
smile, and what he said seized 
their conscience. He one time 
said, " I would not give four- 
pence (a groat) a dozen for 
those religious people, that con- 



tinually require a whip, like a 
to-p. There must be principle." 
When the unction accompanied 
his preaching it was pleasant to 
listen to him. He was popular, 
laborious, and useful. Y 
Traethodydd, vol. ix. page 
259 ; Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii. page 259. 

GWYRYFON, Cardiganshire, was 
one of the early exhorters. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 32. 

was a man who read much and 
was of considerable service to 
the cause in Capel Mawr. The 
Rev. Henry Rees, in an article 
on the Rev. Thomas Lloyd, 
Abergele, in the Traethodydd., 
describes Mr. Lewis as one who 
" had studied Dr. Owen and 
the Puritans with diligence, 
and was a greater divine than 
many who were far more 
popular." If he could not 
make his thoughts clear, yet he 
ever had .some worthy object in 
view, and would aim at it with 
vigour. In treating his sub- 
jects, he reminded Mr. Rees of 
an " ant, as he had sometimes 
seen it seeking to draw some 
object which was too heavy for 
it. The little creature goes 
round about it with much fuss, 
seizing it and laying it down, 
trying once again and failing, 
and sometimes it gains its object 
sooner than might have been 
expected," until we would be 
compelled to cry and laugh at 

the same time. "We remem- 
ber well the way he treated 
the words in Zech. xii. 8, iii 
setting forth the glory of the 
Church and its officers under 
the outpouring of the Spirit in 
the last days. ' David,' he 
said, ' was a remarkable man, 
he was a remarkable singer, he 
was called the sweet singer of 
Israel. But at the time of 
which I am now speaking, the 
poorest shall be like David, 
and David's house as God, as 
the angel of the Lord, going 
"far ahead of them again.' It 
came from his lips suddenly as 
a gun shot, as if he had 
through his fussiness and im- 
pediment of speech, failed to 
shout, the effect upon us was the 
greater at the end." Before he 
lived at Denbigh, he had lived 
at Mochdre, and afterwards in 
Liverpool, where he died. Y 
Traethodydd, vol. ix., page 258. 

WYDDELAN, Montgomeryshire, 
was a brother of Lewis Evan, 
Llanllugan. He was not so 
prominent a pioneer as his 
brother, nor did he suffer as 
much at the hands of the 
enemies of the Gospel, yet he 
was a faithful and earnest min- 
ister of the Cross of Christ. 

thenshire, were brothers. Both 
were brought into the church 
at the time of a Revival in the 
year 1828, and both also died. 


in the same year, .1837, just 
after they had entered upon the 
work of the ministry. 

died Nov. xath, 1829. He be- 
gan to preach in the year 1809, 
and was ordained at Bala in 
the year 1826. He was a quiet 
and loving man, of a meek and 
gentle spirit; but not of re- 
markable gifts as a preacher. 
He met with an accident whilst 
on a visit to South Wales 
through that the strap of the 
stirrup broke when he was 
alighting from a horse : he fell 
on his back, and received a 
serious injury from which he 
never recovered. 

GARN, Cardiganshire, was one 
of the early exhorters. 

NANT, Pembrokeshire, was one 
of the early preachers. 

NEW INN, Monmouthshire, was 
one of the seven appointed at 
the first Association held at 
Watford to be public ex- 
horters. He was a native of 
Blaenau Gwent, and was con- 
verted under the ministry of 
Howel Harris at his first visit 
in 1738. At the second Associa- 
tion, he was appointed super- 
intendent of the churches of 
Breconshire that lay on the 
other side of the Usk from Tre- 
vecca, the whole of Monmouth- 
shire, and Llanddeusant in 
Carmarthenshire. He was 
strongly in favour of the Meth- 

odists ordaining their own 
ministers. He took a pro- 
minent part in the discussion 
between Rowland and Harris, 
at Llanidloes, siding with the 
former, possibly inclined there- 
to because of Harris' strong 
leaning to the Established 
Church. After the rupture, he 
confined his labours in the 
main to New Inn. In conse- 
quence of the difficulty arising 
through the lack of ordained 
ministers, a message was sent 
to the Rev. Daniel Rowland, 
asking his advice as to what 
had better be done, and he re- 
plied that the church should 
call Morgan John Lewis to be 
its minister. A meeting was 
then held, at which Mr. Lewis 
made a declaration of his 
faith, and one of the deacons, 
in a most earnest manner, 
stated, that the church at New 
Inn called upon Mr. Lewis to 
become its minister. This took 
place, according to Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, on Whit-Sunday, 
1756. This simple ordination 
caused a great stir : both 
Congregationalists and Church- 
men taking exception to the 
course pursued. The church 
remained a Methodist church 
as long as Mr. Lewis was its 
minister ; and during this same 
period it was eminently pros- 
perous. People came there to 
worship from a distance of 
fifteen miles. Mr. Lewis' end 
was most tragic. On the last 
Sunday that he preached at 


New Ian, .he held a service in 
the evening at a farm house 
near Pontypool, where he also 
slept. Early on the morrow, 
before he awoke, the owner of 
the farm came there, accom- 
panied by a military officer. 
The two men madly rushed up 
to Mr. Lewis' bedroom, refus- 
ing to wait until he came 
down. Standing at the bedside, 
the officer drew his sword from 
its scabbard and held it above 
the preacher's head, exclaim- 
ing at the same time in a loud 
voice, " Heretic, awake !" At 
the shout he awoke, and the 
sight he saw caused such a 
shock to his nervous system 
that he never rallied so as to 
be able to preach. And in 
about twelve months 3 time, he 
sank to his grave. He died 
about the year 1771, after serv- 
ing his Denomination for 
thirty years. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. i. page 448; vol. 
ii. page 442. 

YFON, Cardiganshire, was one 
of the early exhorters. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 

3 2 - 

CHELL, Anglesea, was one of the 
early preachers of his county. 
Methodistiaeth Man, page 60. 

YCYMER, near Merthyr Tydfil. 
Reference is made to him as 
coming to Dowlais to preach, 
just when the Cause was com- 
menced in the district. He 

lived at the time in Monmouth- 
shire. At one of his services, 
his preaching was effectual to 
the conversion of Joshua Pros- 
ser, who became a prominent 
deacon at Dowlais and in his 
Monthly Meeting. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii. page 84. 
HOLYHEAD, was one of the 
early preachers of Anglesea. 
He preached at the first Month- 
ly Meeting held in the County. 
This took place at Cerrigllith- 
wr, in the parish of Penrhos, 
Lleugwy, in which parish Sion 
Robert then lived. Mr. Robert 
Roberts, the astronomer, was 
his son. He was a native of 
Carnarvonshire, and was born 
in the parish of Llanael- 
haiarn. He was so deeply 
affected under a sermon by 
<Howel Harris that he resolved 
to leave his native district and . 
reside at Trevecca. He did not 
however remain there long, but 
returned to Llanaelhaiarn. He 
one time went to Bangor, and 
saw the Bishop, who received 
him kindly; and who, recog- 
nizing that he knew something 
about astronomy, asked him 
where had he studied that 
science. His reply was, " On 
the banks of Clynnog, when 
watching my father's sheep." 
He composed several hymns, 
and published some small 
tracts on theological subjects. 
His chief work was his Alman- 
ack, which he called "Y Cyf- 
aill " (The Friend), and which 



was printed at Trefriw. He 
also commenced to publish a 
Scriptural Dictionary, under 
the title " Geiriadur Ysgryth- 
yrol." He died Sept. 19, 1806. 
En-wogion Mon, page 75 ; 
Y Traethodydd, vol. xii. page 

LEWIS, MR. THOMAS, was one 
of the seven exhorters appoint- 
ed at the first Association held 
at Watford, January 5th and 
6th, 1743, and was placed in 
charge of the cause in Brecon- 
shire. Twelve months later he 
was appointed overseer of the 
district from the Passage (the 
Ferry where people crossed the 
Bristol Channel to and fro be- 
tween Bristol and South Wales) 
to the river Usk. He was ulti- 
mately transferred to the Eng- 
lish section of the work. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. i. page" 
164; y Tadau Methodistaidd, 
vol. i., page 239. 

MELLONS, Monmouthshire, was, 
for some time previous to his 
death, a weak and sickly man, 
and was thus prevented from 
taking the position in the min- 
istry which he otherwise would 
have done. He was pre-emin- 
ently careful of the religious 
services in his own neighbour- 
hood. He died- Sept. 23rd, 
1850, aged 44 years, having 
been a preacher fourteen years. 
His remains were interred in 
St. Mellons Churchyard. Is- 
Iwyn, on visiting his grave, 
wrote the following lines : 

" Dy fedd di 
Oh, Gwilym ! Trysor mil rhy ddrud i'r 


Ac i'r rewedig forwent, mil rhv gu. 
Dy seren deg fachludodd cyn i'th ddydd 
Braidd gyrhaedd y cyhydedd! Aeth i lawr 
Yn danbaid dros orllewin amser prudd, 
Ac anfarwoldeb yn tegau ei gwawr ! 
Machludodd ! ond i godi'n decach fry 
Yn nwyrain hawddgar tragywyddoldeb 


O dan orllewin mwy ni chuddir hi 
Nid oes orllewin i'r ffurfafen well." 

INFRYN, Anglesea, was one of the 
early preachers of the island. 
His family lived at Ty'nllwyn, 
Llanwen-llwyfo, near Llys- 
dulas. A stranger, who was a 
religious man, happened to be 
engaged on the farm at harvest 
time one summer when William 
was a youth. This stranger 
had permission to conduct 
family worship, and a deep im- 
pression was produced on the 
lad's mind. When he left home 
he lived for a time at Llan- 
rhydd'lad, where he revealed a 
fondness for music, and was 
admired for his gift in prayer. 
He also began to preach, and 
exercised his talents on Sun- 
days and weeknights, and be- 
came one of the most popular 
preachers of his period in 
Anglesea, though his circum- 
stances whilst at Llanrhyddlad 
were exceedingly humble. He 
would preach on weeknights in 
his smock-frock. From Llan- 
rhyddlad he removed to Glas- 
infryn, where he cultivated two 
or three small fields, digging 
the same with his spade. He 
was a bold and courageous 



man. When John Harris, Pem- 
brokeshire, was preaching on 
one occasion at Pwllheli, he 
was obliged to desist because 
of the opposition of a number 
of men who had come to the 
service, purposing to stop the 
preaching. Lewis at once 
stepped forward, and spoke 
from the same text as John Har- 
ris, to the complete discom- 
fiture of the enemy. He per- 
formed a similar part in con- 
nection with Mr. David Morris 
at a service at Beaumaris. He 
would at times have very 
heavy services. On one occa- 
sion, when preaching before 
Mr. Charles at an Association 
held at Pwllheli, he could not 
make much headway, the 
wheels of his chariot dragged 
heavily, and he continued 
rather long, hoping every min- 
ute that the light would come, 
and that all barriers would be 
swept away, but in vain ; and 
he went home from the Associa- 
tion in a depressed mood. Years 
after, a gentleman on horse- 
back called at his door, and 
asked, "Is it here William 
Lewis lives?" " Yes, I am 
William Lewis," he replied. 
' Do you remember," asked the 
rider again, " preaching be- 
fore the Rev. Mr. Charles at 
Pwllheli Association?" "Oh, 
yes, well," he replied, feeling 
that the old wound was being 
opened afresh. " Well," said 
the stranger, " that was the ser- 
vice at which I was converted. 

and I have remained faithful 
to the Lord ever since that 
day." -"Well," replied Wil- 
liam Lewis, " I have been the 
means of bringing many a fish 
to land, but I never felt a 
heavier one than you." In 
1774 he removed to Adwy'r- 
clawdd, near Wrexham, where 
he remained for some years, 
continuing to labour with 
much faithfulness in the Mas- 
ter's vineyard. After this he 
was for a time at Denbigh, 
where he succeeded in inducing 
the people to give up some un- 
worthy practices. He then, 
about the year 1813, returned 
to his native county, where he 
spent the remainder of his 
days. He had a fine physique, 
and a powerful voice. He tra- 
velled as a preacher through 
North and South Wales, and 
was highly thought of by Dan- 
iel Rowland, David Morris, 
and their contemporaries. Rev. 
William Roberts speaks of him 
in very high praise. He died 
at Glasinfryn December 3oth, 
1824, aged So years, and was 
buried in Llanbedrgoch church- 
yard, and not at Llanfair- 
llwyfo, as said in Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 584 ; 
MetJtodistiaeih Man, page 57. 
Montgomeryshire, was a faith- 
ful and honest preacher, 
though not of great abilities. 
He had one great fault, which 
tended to make his services 



rather unpopular his sermons 
were unusually long and 
wearisome, and at the same 
time not well-arranged. 

HAM, died May i4th, 1841, aged 
26 years. He was a devoted 
and promising preacher. His 
services were rendered chiefly 
on the Marches among the 
English. He was buried at 

LLANSAWEL, Carmarthenshire, 
was one of the early preachers. 

MARIS, Anglesea, was born at 
Nantdaenog, Llantrisant, in 
the year 1771. His grand- 
father, William Pritchard, 
Clochdernog, was one of the 
pioneers of Nonconformity in 
Anglesea. He lost his father 
early in life, but his mother, 
though not a church member at 
the time, brought him up care- 
fully, and trained him in 
morals and religion. He had 
a fine physique, and was well- 
to-do in the world. In young 
manhood he formed compan- 
ionship with those who sought 
their pleasure in folly and 
vanity, giving but little heed 
to the sanctity of the Lord's 
day. One Sabbath after- 
noon, when it rained heavily, 
two of them with him- 
self were sheltering under a 
rock, and they began quite sud- 
denly to speak about religion, 
with the result that they re- 
solved to attend a religious ser- 

vice that evening, if they could 
ascertain that there would be a 
sermon preached anywhere in 
the district. It proved a turn- 
ing-point in the career of the 
three young men. Richard for 
a time attended church more 
regularly, but failed to find 
peace through so doing. He 
then made it a habit to fre- 
quent the preaching services of 
the Methodists in the district, 
and ere long he joined the 
small company of believers at 
Gwalchmai. This took place 
in the year 1789, and was 
looked upon as a great event 
for Methodism, as the little 
flock was not only few in num- 
ber, but poor in circumstances. 
In twelve months after he 
joined the church he was 
elected -a deacon, and four 
years later, in 1794, he began 
to preach. For six years after 
this he remained at home with 
his mother and stepfather, but 
in the year 1800 he married a 
daughter of Mr. John Roberts, 
Garneddwen, Llanfair P.G., 
and removed to Beaumaris, 
where he henceforth resided. 
As his early educational ad- 
vantages were fairly good, and 
his social position above the 
average, he became a consider- 
able power among the Method- 
ists in the island and through- 
out North Wales. His ser- 
mons were substantial, well 
arranged, and in good taste. 
He was also a man of influ- 
ence at the Association. He 



was of a cheerful and lively 
disposition, exceedingly fond 
of a joke. Though not an elo- 
quent preacher he had many 
powerful services. The old 
people spoke much of a remark- 
able sermon he preached at an 
Association at Mold, on the 
words, " And that day was the 
Sabbath." He described in a 
vivid manner the redeemed in 
glory telling each other of the 
gracious influence they exper- 
ienced whilst journeying 
through the wilderness below, 
closing each incident with the 
words, " and that day was the 
Sabbath." He was among the 
first batch of preachers or- 
dained to the full work of the 
ministry at Bala in the year 
1811. He died May 25th, 
1834, aged 63 years, and his re- 
mains were laid to rest in the 
quiet churchyard at Llanfaes, 
and alongside of them the re- 
mains of his great friend, the 
Rev. John Elias, were laid. 
Methodistiaeth Mon, pages 92, 
126, 185. 

SEA, was a native of Cardigan- 
shire, and was born in the year 
1742. After being for a time 
in the army, he settled at 
Swansea, where he joined the 
Countess of Huntingdon's Con- 
nexion, and also became a 
preacher with that body. On one 
occasion during that period he 
visited Machynlleth, purposing 
to preach in the street. He 
stood on the steps of a house 

near the Town Hall. As he 
was dressed in gown and band 
he had a more respectable ap- 
pearance than the majority of 
the early Methodist preachers. 
Nevertheless, a crowd of oppo- 
nents gathered near the spot to 
prevent him from preaching. 
They began to throw stones 
upon the roof of the house near 
which he stood, and these fell 
in a shower on the spot where 
the preacher stood. But he 
bravely held his ground, calm- 
ly saying that he had before 
that stood under showers far 
more dangerous than showers 
of stones. His opponents were 
fierce, but no harm befel him. 
In 1799, when the Greenhill 
Chapel was erected, and pre- 
sented to the Methodists, he 
transferred his membership to 
the church formed there. He 
was a fervent and faithful 
preacher, both in the English 
and Welsh languages. He died 
in 1804, aged 62 years. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 
350, vol. iii. page 31. 

BALA, was one of the few 
clergymen in North Wales who 
sympathi2ed with the Methodist 
movement, and co-operated 
with it; and one of the still 
lesser number who continued 
their alliance therewith after 
the ordination of lay preachers 
in 1811. 

He was the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Simon Lloyd, Plasyndref, 
Bala, a family highly respect- 



ed in the town and district, 
and whose ancestry is traced 
back to a period long before 
the invasion of Britain by the 
Romans. His father, when a 
young man, went on a visit to 
Trevecca to see Mr. Howel 
Harris, and joined the family. 
Whilst there, he fell in love 
with a young lady, Miss Sarah 
Bowen, Tyddyn, who had 
opened the door of Mr. Harris' 
house for him when he first ar- 
rived there. They were soon 
married. Both had given to 
Mr. Harris their patrimony, 
but upon their marriage it was 
returned to them. The subject 
of this sketch was their eldest 
son, and was born in 1756. 

He was a quiet well-behaved 
lad, brought up in the fear 
and admonition of the Lord. 
When a youth he was sent to 
the Free School founded by Sir 
Thomas Powell at Carmarthen, 
where, it is quite likely, he 
came first into contact with 
Thomas Charles. He then went 
to Bath, where he met with 
several Welsh youths who, like 
himself, were religiously in- 
clined, and at times held ser- 
vices together in their rooms 
for their spiritual edification. 
On April 8th, 1775, he proceed- 
ed to Oxford, where he again 
met with Thomas Charles, and 
they became fast and lifelong 
friends. He took his B.A. de- 
gree in 1/79, and received 
deacon orders the same year 
from the Bishop of Gloucester 

and Bristol, and had a curacy 
in the neighbourhood of Bris- 
tol. In three years' time he re- 
ceived full priest orders. His 
mother being a widow, he then 
returned to Bala to reside with 
her in Plasyndref, and served 
as curate in the following par- 
ishes successively Llandegla 
and Bryneglwys, Llangwm, 
Llanycil and Cerrigydrudion. 
His stay in these places was 
short, arising in a great mea- 
sure from his sympathy with 
the Methodists and his evange- 
lical preaching, which was not 
in accord with the feelings of 
those who generally attended 
the church services. In 1789, 
he married Bridget, the daugh- 
ter of Mr. George Price, Rhyd 
y Colomenod, near Llangran- 
og, Cardiganshire. 

For about twenty years his 
position in the Church was any- 
thing but pleasant and satis- 
factory. Matters came to a 
crisis about the year 1800, when 
the incumbency of Llanuwch- 
llyn became vacant through the 
death of the incumbent, Mr. 
Hughes. The presentation was 
in the gift of Sir Watkin W. 
Wynn, and he was petitioned 
by the churchwardens on be- 
half of the parishioners to con- 
fer the position upon the Rev. 
Simon Lloyd. For some un- 
known reason he delayed grant- 
ing their desire, but at the 
same time gave Mr. Lloyd per- 
mission to officiate until he 
would arrive at a final de- 



cision. Things continued in 
this unsettled condition for 
two years, when Mr. Lloyd re- 
ceived the appointment. It 
was, however, still necessary 
that the sanction of Bishop 
Horsley of St. Asaph should 
be obtained. The appointment 
was not in accordance with the 
desire of some of the Bishop's 
advisers. So Mr. Lloyd was 
.summoned to appear before him 
to explain his conduct in his 
relation to the Methodists. He 
went to St. Asaph November 
and, 1803, and was closely in- 
terrogated by the Bishop. He 
was asked " Are you not in 
the habit of attending the 
chapels of the Schismatics?" to 
which he calmly replied, that 
his parents were Methodists, he 
was himself brought up among 
these people, he believed the 
Lord had owned them in their 
efforts to do much good in 
Wales, and that he had been in 
the habit through life of at- 
tending their services, but that 
"he had not done so for the last 
three years, lest he should give 
offence to the clergy. The Bis- 
hop then asked, " Did not his 
wife and children go to hear 
Thomas Charles, who had for- 
saken the Church of his 
fathers, and had joined the 
heretics?" To this question he 
replied, that his family attend- 
ed Mr. Charles' preaching. 
Upon this, the Bishop got into 
a towering passion, and said, 
"What! And you who are in 

Holy Orders permit your child- 
ren to listen to these hot-head- 
ed men? You are a hot-headed 
man yourself !" Mr. Lloyd 
sought to defend himself, say- 
ing, that there was some dis- 
tance to Llanycil, the nearest 
church, and that it was impos- 
sible for them to go there in 
stormy weather. " Why not 
keep them at home, and direct 
that they should be taught the 
Catechism, rather than allow 
them to go to the meeting-house 
of the Schismatics?" The re- 
sult was, after further talk, the 
Bishop refused to sanction his 
appointment to Llanuwchllyn, 
and prohibited him from offi- 
ciating in any of the churches 
within his diocese. Had he 
been in the habit of attending 
races, theatres, hunts, and 
places of that kind, not a word 
of blame would have been 
uttered, but because he sym- 
pathized with the Methodists 
the severest judgment was pro- 
nounced upon him. The pro- 
hibition, however, did not 
occasion Mr. Lloyd much con- 
cern; fortunately for him, he 
had the means of living per- 
fectly independent of the 
Bishop, so from that day forth 
he laboured altogether with the 
Methodist brethren. He was 
not a very popular preacher, 
but his ministry was exceed- 
ingly useful, and his services 
were of much value, especially 
in connection with the ad- 
ministration of the sacraments. 



before the Denomination had 
ordained ministers of its own. 
He travelled much and ren- 
dered invaluable service to 
many of the churches. He was 
a close and careful student 
throughout his life, especially 
in Biblical matters. He pub- 
lished two works of consider- 
able merit : one, entitled " Am- 
seryddiaeth Ysgrythyrol " (A 
Scripture Chronology) ; the 
other, " Esboniad ar Lyfr y 
Datguddiad " (A Commentary 
on the Book of Revelation). He 
also edited the Drysorfd for 
two years after the death of 
Mr. Charles. He was a man of 
fine parts, most meek and gen- 
tle : he never engaged much in 
controversy, still, he had his 
convictions, and was prepared, 
if necessary, to defend them. 
He is supposed to have been 
favourable to the ordination of 
the preachers, earlier than Mr. 
Charles, but he did not take 
part in the first ordination 
at Bala : he did so later on. 
He was in much physical weak- 
ness during his later years, and 
died November 6th, 1836, aged 
80 years. His remains were 
buried in the family vault at 
Llanycil. Hanes Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. i. page 597 ; 
Y Tadau Methodistaidd, vol. 
ii. page 321 ; Hanes Methodist- 
iaeth Dwyrain Meirionydd, 
pages 352 360; Y Traethod- 
ydd, vol. Iv. page 353. 

GELE, Denbighshire, was born 

in the year 1776, and died July 
1 5th, 1848, having been a 
preacher of the Gospel for 50 
years, and an ordained minis- 
ter 29 years. He was born at 
Plas Meredydd farm house in 
the parish of Gyffylliog. His 
parents were John and Ann 
Lloyd, and the well : known 
bard, Edward Jones, Maesy- 
plwm, was his cousin, on his 
mother's side. He was born 
with a maimed right arm, and 
his hand lacked two fingers, 
and was weak. This proved to 
his advantage in one respect : 
it led his parents to give him a 
good education, thinking that 
he might be able to enter the 
legal profession or the Church : 
as regards any manual occupa- 
tion, it was seen that he would 
never be able to engage therein. 
In the year 1794, he opened a 
school at Llansantsior, near 
Abergele, which at once became 
a great success. A school-house 
was built for him. In the year 
1799, he removed to Abergele, 
where he lived and laboured 
for nearly 50 years. About this 
time he began also to preach. 
He was a schoolmaster by 
nature, and experience per- 
fected him. A most apprecia- 
tive article, concerning him in 
this capacity, appeared in the 
" Traethodydd," for the year 
1853, occupying 30 pages, 
written by the Rev. Henry 
Rees, who had been one of his 
pupils for some time, and was a 
great admirer of him. He was 



of a quiet and retiring disposi- 
tion, rather taciturn, especially 
in the presence of strangers. 
He was highly respected and 
beloved. His school was well- 
known, and children came to 
him from distant places. He 
not only taught his pupils in 
the elementary branches of 
knowledge, but sought to de- 
velop in them a high moral 
character. His weak health 
prevented him from itinerating 
much as a preacher. For the 
last twenty-five years of his 
life he preached at home every 
Sunday, his sermons consist- 
ing very much of expositions on 
the chief events of the Old 
Testament, and the history ot 
Christ and His Apostles. His 
hearers were not tired by these 
disquisitions, but were ever 
anxious that the Sabbath might 
soon come round when they 
might hear him again. John 
Elias was heard to say that he 
envied Mr. Lloyd's ability and 
practice in this respect. He did 
not take much interest in the 
outward affairs of the church : 
he left these to the deacons, and 
confined his attention to his 
school and his preparation for 
the pulpit. His godliness was 
beyond dispute : the enemies of 
the Cross of Christ as well as 
its friends bore testimony to 
his guilelessness and godliness. 
He was buried at Abergele. P 
Traethodydd, vol. ix. page 231. 
CARNARVON, was educated at 

Oxford, and took Orders in the 
Church of England, at the 
hands of the Bishop of Ban- 
gor, in 1801, when he was 30 
years of age. He was the son 
of Mr. Robert Lloyd, Peny- 
maes, Nefyn, Carnarvonshire, 
and was born in the year 1771. 
He commenced his ministry at 
Rhosgolyn, near Holyhead. 
But he was at this time utterly 
lacking in the main features of 
a true minister of the Lord 
Jesus. His delight was alto- 
gether in the ways of the 
world. He looked at himself 
as a properly authorised minis- 
ter because the Bishop's hands 
had been placed on his head, 
and he had done well in the 
University. He was at this 
time a great favourite with the 
gentry, and joined with them 
heartily in all their sports. He 
was likewise much esteemed by 
his Bishop. In this manner 
he spent his first years as a 
clergyman. But his eyes were 
opened to see the iniquity of 
the life he was spending. His 
trouble on this account became 
great. He tried in various 
ways to shake off the deep 
anxiety which grieved his 
soul ; but he could not get free 
from its grip : it accompanied 
him everywhere. Through con- 
versation with a good old man 
at Rhosgolyn, he was led to the 
Saviour, and thus found rest 
and peace. He then became a 
new man, both in the pulpit 
and in his general life. He 



preached now as a dying man 
to dying men, and drew crowds 
to hear him . Soon after this 
change he joined the Methodist 
church at Caergeiliog. Hither- 
to he had not preached any- 
where outside consecrated 
buildings; but now he went 
forth to the highways and 
hedges, and his fellow clergy- 
men began to complain of him 
to the Bishop. He however had 
fully counted the cost which 
the course he was taking would 
entail upon him, and he never 
hesitated as to what he would 
do. He resigned his position 
in the Church, and after a 
time retired to Carnarvon, 
where he lived for a while with 
his brother, who was a mercer. 
He then removed to Nefyn, to 
live with his mother and sis- 
ter, assisting them on their 
farm, and preaching on the 
Sabbaths. In 1817, he returned 
to Carnarvon, where he opened 
a school, and conducted it for 
nine or ten years. In 1826, he 
married Miss Jane Roberts, 
and soon after discontinued the 
school, and gave himself more 
thoroughly to the ministry of 
the Word. He was not a great 
preacher, but a very godly 
man, and was spoken of very 
frequently as the godly Mr. 
Lloyd. He died April i8th, 
1841, aged 70 years. He was 
one of the three clergymen who 
were allied with the Method- 
ists in North Wales before and 
after the ordination in 1811. 

Methodistiaelh Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 242 ; Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xiv. pages 193, 224, 256. 

MACHYNLLETH, Montgomery- 
shire, was a native of Llan- 
idloes, and entered the Civil 
Service as an Exciseman. 
Whilst stationed in Montgom- 
eryshire, he heard, at New- 
town, some Methodist preachers 
from Pembrokeshire, who so 
charmed him that he applied to 
the authorities in London to be 
removed to that county. His 
object was that he might fre- 
quently enjoy the ministry of 
the brethren who had delighted 
him so much. He was conse- 
quently transferred in 1823 to 
the district of Begelley. When' 
he got there he found, to his 
dismay and great disappoint- 
ment, that there was no Meth- 
odist chapel within eight 
miles. He at once established 
a Sunday School in the dis- 
trict, and also induced the 
Rev. Thomas Harris, then of 
Haverfordwest, and some 
others, to start holding preach- 
ing services : and he had him- 
self commenced to preach in 
Montgomeryshire in 1822. The 
result was that Bethesda chapel 
was erected in 1826. For seven 
years he bore the burden of the 
Cause in a great measure him- 
self : he entertained all the 
ministers. He loved Method- 
ism with his whole soul. 

Ere long he had another 
chapel erected at Begelley. 



But his stay in the district was 
short, as in the year 1830 he 
was removed to Llandyssil, 
Cardiganshire. Here he con- 
tinued to exercise his preach- 
ing gifts, and succeeded in 
forming a church. In two 
years' time a chapel was built, 
and Mr. Lloyd was the first to 
preach therein. It was he also 
who started the cause at Pant- 
ybwlch, a little chapel con- 
nected with Newcastle-emlyn, 
Carmarthenshire. From Llan- 
dyssil he was removed to Aber- 
porth, and was known as 
" Lloyd yr Exciseman o Aber- 
porth." After this he was set- 
tled for a time at Llangadock, 
Carmarthenshire. He died at 
Forge, Machynlleth, December 
nth, 1849. The Treasury, vol. 
ix. page 50. 

CLAWDD, came to Llanrwst in 
1783, where he conducted a 
school for ten 3^ears. From 
here he removed in 1793 to the 
Adwy, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. He hence- 
forth spent much of his time 
itinerating throughout North 
Wales, preaching the everlast- 
ing Gospel. He was a sensible 
man of a very quiet and calm 
disposition. His sermons were 
weighty in matter but not sen- 
sational in their character, 
and for that reason perhaps he 
was not as popular as many in 
the esteem of the general pub- 
lic. He died at Adwy in the 
year 1820. 

GOCH, GLANRHYD, Pembroke- 
shire, was one of the early 
preachers. Services were held 
in his own house in the year 

EGLWYS, Montgomeryshire, was' 
one of the early preachers. 

NAN, Denbighshire, was born 
in July 175*, and died January 
7th, 1826, having been a preach- 
er of the Gospel for about 56 
years. When a lad he was in- 
clined to be wild, though his 
mother and three of his 
brothers were members of the 
Methodist church at Bryn- 
bugad. When however about 
14 years of age, accompanied 
by a number of thoughtless 
lads like himself and bent upon 
fun, he attended a preaching 
service on the wayside near 
Dafarn-newydd, between Llan- 
sannan and Nantglyn. His at- 
tention was at once arrested by 
the preacher, and his thoughts 
were sobered, with the result 
that notwithstanding the ridi- 
cule and scorn of his compan- 
ions he forsook them and their 
ways. He began to preach 
about the year 1709. Though 
the severe treatment which the 
early preachers received at the 
hands of the mob had in a 
measure ceased, yet the enemies 
of the Gospel were still bitter 
and determined in their oppo- 
sition. Llwyd suffered at 
their hands on more than one 



occasion. His sermons were of 
little merit as compositions, 
.nor was he gifted, as some 
preachers, with the power of 
rousing his hearers. He had 
.however a pleasing voice and 
was a free and -natural speak- 
er. He had also a smack of 
humour, which was of much 
service to him. His sayings 
were often striking, and would 
"he repeated at the Church 
Meetings for months by those 
who heard them. He was very 
familiar with the Scriptures, 
.and was apt at making use of 
Scripture stories, facts from 
nature and the habits of domes- 
tic animals to illustrate his 
themes. The Rev. John Parry, 
Chester, thought so highly of 
him that he usually took him 
.as a companion on his itiner- 
ancies in Anglesea. Method- 
.istiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. page 

.ASHPOOL, Flintshire, was born 
In the year 1715 at a farm 
house called Tarthydwfr, in 
Cilcen parish, Flintshire. It 
is not known when he was con- 
verted, but it is recorded that 
'he was known as a religious 
man in his own district in the 
year 1747 : indeed, he had to 
leave his farm because of his 
religion. In 1749, he removed 
to Plas-ashpool farm, between 
the Waen chapel, Bodffari, and 
the Dyffryn chapel, Llandyrn- 
-og. He soon began to hold re- 
ligious services at a place 

called " Ty Modlen," a small 
straw-thatched house. This 
was the beginning of Method- 
ism in the Vale of Clwyd. 
About the same time he began 
to preach and labour in the 
Gospel as a preacher. : he con- 
tinued to do so with great 
faithfulness for 40 years. He 
had the honour of being in- 
strumental in bringing Mr. 
Edward Williams, Glanclwyd, 
who became known as Dr. Wil- 
liams, Rotherham, to seek re- 
ligion. It is said that Mr. Wil- 
liams was a member of the 
Methodist church in " Ty Mod- 
len " for two or three years. 
Mr. Llwyd died in the month 
of November, 1792, aged 77. 
years, repeating with his last 
breath, " I know that my Re- 
deemer liveth," &c. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. page 
135 ; Cofiant Thomas Jones, 
Dinbych, page 31. 

LLAN, CAYO, Carmarthenshire, 
is fitly classed among the 
fathers of Methodism, for he 
entered upon the work of the 
ministry in 1763, shortly after 
the breach between Daniel 
Rowland and Harris had been 
healed ; a wide-spread revival 
had taken place, and all the 
first founders* ' of Methodism 
were still in the field. He at- 
tained at once to great popu- 
larity, and took rank with the 
leaders. His zeal was fervid, 
and his pulpit gifts were con- 
spicuous. He travelled re- 



peatedly the length and breadth 
of the Principality, seeking to 
convince men of their sins and 
lead them to Christ. On several 
occasions he visited North 
Wales, where the churches were 
few and the opposition to the 
preaching in many places was 
still active. Thus he helped 
forward the work very mater- 
ially. He was born in the year 
1741 at Blaenyclawdd, near 
Cayo. His father, Dafydd 
Llwyd, was connected with one 
of the most respectable families 
in the district. Little is kiiown 
of his early years, except that 
lie experienced religious im- 
pressions when quite a lad, and 
that he received a better educa- 
tion than most youths of his 
day. For some time he attend- 
ed a school conducted by the 
Rev. Owen Davies, a Congre^ 
gational minister. When about 
1 8 years of age, he heard the 
Rev. Peter Williams preach, 
and the sermon made a pro- 
found impression on his mind : 
indeed, he became greatly con- 
cerned about his soul. "What 
must I do to be saved?' 3 was 
for him no mere formal ques- 
tion, but one that arose from 
Tiis heart, and for several 
months occasioned him deepest 
perplexity and distress. De- 
liverance however at last came 
through a sermon he heard by 
Evan Jones, Lledrod one of 
the exhorters of Methodism. 
His soul then escaped like 
a bird from the snare of 

the fowler, and he entered up- 
on the glorious freedom of the 
sons of God. He at first joined 
the Independents possibly at 
Crugybar ; but he did not re- 
main long in their communion, 
considering that it was through 
the ministry of the Methodists 
he found freedom, light, and 
life; he therefore joined a 
Methodist society, which was 
apparently ; being re-started at 
Cayo, after a period of com- 
parative deadness and inactivi- 
ty, following upon the evil days 
of the breach between Rowland 
and Harris. He began the 
practice of going regularly to 
Llangeitho on Communion 
Sunday for his own spiritual 
good a practice he continued 
to the end of his life, so far as 
circumstances would permit. 
He began to preach when he 
was 22 years of age, and at 
once became, through the fer- 
vency of his spirit and his min- 
isterial gifts, exceedingly po- 
pular. He aimed at reaching 
the hearts of his hearers more 
than enlightening their minds ; 
at times his ministry, like a 
flood, carried all before it. He 
is said to have been more super- 
ficial than Rowland and Har- 
ris, but evangelical, sweet and 
pathetic : as a crown upon all, 
his preaching was often owned 
of God to the salvation of 
many souls. He had a fine 
physique, winsome manners, 
graceful movements, a musical 
voice, and a livety delivery.- 



During the period of his min- 
istry, Wales was favoured 
with several revivals, and his 
style was peculiarly suitable to 
such times. No one was more 
popular than he in his own 
county : a sufficient proof of 
which is to be found in the fact 
that he was chosen to preach 
the Bard of Pantycelyn's 
funeral sermon. His popular- 
ity continued to the end of his 
life, and when he died there 
was not the slightest stain upon 
his character. His last illness 
was short : he preached even 
on the Sunday previous to his 
death at Llanddeusant and 
Llansadwrn. He died on 
Friday, April i7th, 1808, aged 
67 years, and was buried at 
Cayo. In his death he rested 
altogether upon the merits and 
faithfulness of the Saviour, 
whom he had preached to 
others. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii. page' 431 ; Y Tadau 
Methodistaidd, vol. i. page 

GEITHO, was one of the first ex- 
horters in Cardiganshire. He 
was one of the six who were 
present at Mr. Jeffrey Davies' 
house, Rhiwiau, Carmarthen- 
shire, in 1743. His name is 
frequently to be met with in the 
early history of the Methodist 
movement in Cardiganshire, 
and other counties both in 
North and South Wales. He 
was instrumental in giving a 

start to the Cause in many a 
district. He visited Bala as- 
early as 1744, where he preach- 
ed early in the morning, even 
before daybreak, to avoid dis- 
turbance through the opposition 
of the enemy. He was in the 
habit at Llangeitho of preach- 
ing in the barn arranged for 
that purpose. He is said to 
have been more highly gifted 
than the majority of the 
preachers of his own class ; this 
is evidenced by the fact that 
he had to preach at an Associa- 
tion held at Tref ecca in the year 
1746. His ministry was great- 
ly valued through both North 
and South Wales. His name 
was on the first lease of Llan- 
geitho chapel, 1760. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 

THEN, was received as a preach- 
er by the Association at Car- 
marthen, July, 1826. 

CROES, Lleyn, was one of the 
early preachers of Methodism 
in Carnarvonshire ; it cannot 
be said with precision when he 
began to preach. On the night 
of his marriage he was obliged 
to escape for his life, as it 
came to his knowledge that a 
number of persecutors had re- 
solved upon attacking the house 
where he intended to sleep. 
The timely information given 
him enabled him to foil his 
foes. Early in his career he 
settled on Tymawr farm, and 



whilst here, he was the chief 
means of erecting Tymawr 
chapel,-, which was the first 
Methodist chapel erected in 
Carnarvonshire. He excelled 
many of the preachers of his 
day in ministerial gifts, and 
he was pre-eminently godly. 
For some years he was the most 
important .person in connection 
with Methodism in his county. 
For some time before his death 
he was afflicted with blind- 
ness, but he continued to 
preach, and looked quite plea- 
sant in the pulpit .with the 
Bible open before him. His 
blindness did not depress his 
spirits. Whilst in this cpndi- 
t.ion he composed the well- 
known-. Welsh hymn, 
"Teg wawriodd arnom ddydd," &c. / 

He died May-iyth, 1795, aged 
75 years, and' was buried at 
Bryncroes. The date of his 
death and his age are taken 
from the headstone on his 
grave. Drych yr Amseroedd, 
page 185 ; Y Drysorfa, vol. 394. 

IDLOES, -Montgomeryshire, was 
a builder by trade, and was 
also van acknowledged preach-, 
er. : ' In the year 1779, he super- 
intended the erection of the' 
first Methodist chapel in the 

CASTLE-EMLYN, spent a long life 
iri -the ministry of the. Gospel. 
At. the time of his death, which 
took place in 1833, he was 93 

years of age, and he had 
preached with considerable 
regularity until within three 
years of that event. One Sab- 
bath morning, within three 
months of his death, he was 
present at the service in the 
chapel, and the expected 
preacher having failed to at- 
tend, the service was commenc- 
ed, and the venerable old man 
rose up and delivered ex mem- 
oriter a portion of an old ser- 
mon with more than his usual 

MOCHDRE, Montgomeryshire, 
was a native of Llanbrynmair, 
where he began to preach about 
the year 1745. Rev. R. Tibbot,. 
in one of his reports to . the 
Association, speaks of him as 
being acceptable to the society 
at Mochdre, and adds, " I hope 
that he receives strength from 
God to be of service among the 
people." . At the time of the 
rupture between Harris and 
Rowland he retired for a time 
to Trefecca with Harris. He 
was a courageous and zealous 
workman for Christ, and, like 
his contemporaries, suffered 
much at the hands of the work- 
ers of iniquity. In seeking to 
stop some vain sports one day 
at Mochdre he was badly treat- 
ed, but he had the joy of being 
instrumental in the conversion: 
of the leader of the attacking 
party. In company with one 
Evan Roberts, he approached 
him, and put to him the ques- 



tion "Will you be as happy, 
think you, as you are now, at 
the day of judgment?" The 
question pierced his heart, and 
he replied in a serious tone, 
" Indeed, sir, I do not know." 
But the companions of this man 
battered Meredith severely. It 
is said that at Trefecca, he took 
up Antinomian views, and 
joined one Thomas Sheen in 
advocating them. Later in life 
he conducted one of Thomas 
Charles' Free Circulating 
Schools, and was for some time 
at Llanwddyn. He died, ac- 
cording to " Y Gymdeithasfa," 
in the year 1811, aged 54 years : 
but as he began to -preach in 
1745, either he must have been 
much older, or the year given 
as that of his death must 
be wrong. Montgomeryshire 
Worthies, page 195 ; Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 341, 

373, 377- 


one of the earliest exhorters in 
Pembrokeshire. At a Monthly 
Meeting held at Long-house, 
in that county, he was appoint- 
ed to take charge of four soci- 
eties Weschurch, Newman, 
Morfil and Llysyfran. He was 
one of the three preachers 
most helpful to the Rev. Howel 

CWM, Carmarthenshire, was one 
of the early exhorters. 

ROD, Cardiganshire, died in 
Ihe year 1805. 

SCHOOLMASTER. There is con- 
siderable uncertainty in con- 
nection with this good man's 
history, though there is no : 
doubt that he rendered signal 
service to Methodism in its 
earliest years in North Wales. 
Dr. Rees, in his " Pro- 
testant Nonconformity in 
Wales," in a note, page 423, 
says that he was a native of 
Glamorganshire, and origin- 
ally a member of the Presby- 
terian church at Watford, near 
Caerphilly, and that he re- 
moved with William Prit- 
chard, Glasfryn-fawr, Lleyn, 
to Anglesea, where he succeed- 
ed, notwithstanding the most 
cruel persecution, in gathering 
an Independent Church at Rhos- 
ymeirch, near Llangef ni. More- 
over, he states that Morgan was 
ordained in his mother church 
at Watford to be the pastor of 
the congregation in Anglesea. 

Mr. Richard Williams, 
F.R.H.S., in his "Montgom- 
eryshire Worthies," page 202, 
states that he was a native of 
Cardiganshire. He represents 
him as a master of one of 
Madam Bevan's Circulating 
Day-schools, and also a lay 
preacher with the Calvinistic 
Methodists. For a time, he 
says, he kept a school at Ty'n- 
yfron, near Crowlwm, Llan- 
idloes, 29 years after he had 
stood by Howel Harris at Bala, 
and shared his ill-treatment by 



the mob in that town, when 
Harris barely escaped with his 
life. When at Ty'nyfron, he 
conducted a Sunday School, 
which was at least 12 or 13 
years before the establishment 
of Sabbath Schools by Mr. 
Raikes at Gloucester. 

1 Rev. . John Hughes, in 
" Method istiaeth Cymru," vol. 
i. pages 91 94, says that he 
was a native of Carmarthen- 

Evidently, he was sent by the 
Rev. Griffith Jones, Llanddow- 
rbr, to North Wales to conduct 
one of his Free Circulating 
Schools, and he at the same 
time exhorted from house to 
house. He settled somewhere 
near Bala, before Howel Har- 
ris first visited the town, and 
aided him in escaping from the 
fierce wrath of his persecutors. 
At the request of William Prit- 
chard, he removed to Lleyn, 
and at his house conducted a 
school the clergyman suspect- 
ing Morgan's Methodistic prac- 
tices, having refused permis- 
sion to hold the school in the 
church He also preached 
there, and one of his converts 
was Richard Dafydd, who had 
come to the service for the pur- 
pose of disconcerting the 
preacher. In his ministry he 
was a Boanerges, and the Lord 
gave him many seals. He was 
bold and courageous : nc 
amount of opposition daunted 
him. He married one of the 
daughters of Tyddyn Mawr, 

Lleyn, who had been converted 
under a sermon by Howel Har- 
ris. He ultimately became the 
minister of a Congregational 
church in Anglesea. J. Hughes- 
says that he died in 1824. But 
in this matter, the likelihood 
is that he confounds nim with 
Jenkin Morgan, Lledrod, who 
died in that year. 

ROD, Cardiganshire, was born 
in the year 1742, and joined 
the church at Lledrod in 1761. 
Two or three years later he be- 
gan to preach, and continued 
to do so until his death, which 
took place in 1824. He was 
thus a preacher for 60 years, 
and during the whole of this 
time he was a faithful servant 
in his Master's vineyard. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 29. 

diganshire, lived and preached 
towards the close of the 
eighteenth century. He had a 
brother William who was al- 
so a preacher, and died in 1787. 

s A w E L , Carmarthenshire, 
preached in connection with the 
church at this place, when it 
was first started in 1749. 

LLYCHAU, Carmarthenshire, was 
the son of Mr. Morgan Rees, 
Talyllychau, who was a re- 
spectable farmer and in full 
sympathy with religion. Rees, 
when a lad, attended religious. 


services with his parents and 
experienced deep religious im- 
pressions, but during his 
young manhood these' passed 
away, and he sought his plea- 
sures along forbidden paths. 
But he was visited by a severe 
illness which sobered him, and 
brought his sin home to his 
heart. Shortly afterwards he 
heard the Rev. William Llwyd, 
Henllan, preach, with the re- 
sult that he found peace and 
joined the Methodists at Llan- 
sawel. When a church was 
formed at Talyllychau, he 
threw in his lot with the 
brethren and continued with 
them to the end of his long 
life. He often accompanied 
Mr. Llwyd, Henllan, on his it- 
inerancies, and commenced the 
services for him. On one of 
these occasions, at Bridgend, 
Mr. Llwyd got him to preach. 
He soon became popular, and 
became intimate with the lead- 
ers of Methodism. He accom- 
panied Rev. Rowland Hill on 
some of his preaching tours in 
South Wales. One day, riding 
with him in his carriage, he 
remarked, " You have a pair 
of very fine horses, Mr. Hill." 
' : Yes, Mr. Morgan," was his 
reply, " they are noble horses, 
and what is more in their 
favour, they have done more 
for the Gospel of Christ than 
many of the Bishops." Mr. 
Morgan, though not a great 
preacher, was faithful, and 
endured some of the hardships 

which the early preachers of 
Methodism experienced. On 
one of his visits to Monmouth- 
shire his life was in danger." 
a number of ungodly fellows 
came one night 'to- the house 
where he was staying clamour- 
ing that he should be sent from 
the locality; their language 
was most insolent. However, 
he was preserved from being 
harmed. He died April 6th, 
1847, aged 82 years, having 
spent 62 years as a preacher of 
the Gospel. He was buried at 
Talyllychau. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xvii., page 297. 

Breconshire, was converted un- 
der the ministry of the Rev. 
Isaac Price, the well-known 
Congregational minister of 
Llanwrtyd and Troedrhiwdal- 
ar. He. was one of the first in 
his district to join the Method- 
ists, who had formed a Society 
in a farm house called Glanyr- 
afonddu. He was a farmer's 
son, and soon began the practice 
of exhorting his neighbours. 
This was in 1743. He lived 
until he was nearly 80 years of 
age : and came to his end in a 
sad manner. He lost his way 
in the snow on his return home 
from visiting his daughter, 
Mrs. Price, Panteulu, and was 
in the morning found dead oh 
the roadside. He is spoken of 
by Thomas James, the overseer 
of the district, as a kind, hum- 
ble, and faithful friend; 



Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii. 
page 328. 

Cardiganshire, was one of the 
three best exhorters of his. dis- 
trict, and was very much op- 
posed to Sabbath Schools : he 
considered such schools to be a 
desecration of the day. The. 
late Rev. Thomas Rowlands.,; 
Aberdare, was his grandson. . 

ROD, Cardiganshire, was a 
brother of Mr. Jenkin Morgan, 
Llanilar, who was also a 
preacher. He died in 1797. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 
page 29. 

GWYN. The description given 
of many of the early preachers 
of Methodism in Wales is 
strongly suggestive of the 
words, " There were giants in 
the earth in those days." As 
compared with the majority of 
the preachers of the present 
day, they were men of a 
far more robust and stalwart 
physique. Some years ago 
there were a few who were fit 
successors. William Havard, 
Breconshire; the three Jones's, 
Talysarn ; Richard Humphreys, 
Dyffryn; John Jones, Blaenan- 
erch, and others. John Hughes, 
Liverpool ; John Phillips, Ban- 
gor; David Howells, Swansea; 
Job Thomas, Breconshire ; Dr. 
Phillips, Hereford, were also 
worthy of their line. But still, 
like David's thirty honourable 

men, who whilst very eminent 
warriors did not come up to the 
three mighty men, so these lat- 
ter did not, as regards personal 
size, come up to the three 
mighty men David and Eben- 
ezer Morris, and Lewis Morris. 
These three were the giants, 
and chief of the three, as re- 
gards corpulency, was David 

But it must be remembered 
that even in the early history 
of Methodism all were not 
giants. There were men then, 
like now, small in stature and 
insignificant in appearance, 
who whilst weak and puny in 
body were mighty in spirit and 
power when they stood up fcr 
God before the people. Robert 
Roberts, Clynog, was a notable 
example, deformed in body, 
and diminutive in size, yet he 
caused havoc among the ene- 
mies of the Lord when he went 
forth to the battle. 

David Morris's fame though 
does not rest upon his corpu- 
lency; something far higher 
and nobler may be boasted 
of him. He was one of 
the most honoured instruments 
of the Lord in the conversion 
of souls. His power as a 
preacher was something mar- 
vellous. When we read of the 
great results which followed 
his preaching, we cannot less 
than ask, How is it that no- 
thing like the same results are 
to be witnessed in the present 
day? Of course, the mass of 



the people were more ignorant 
then than they are now, and 
were therefore more suscepti- 
ble of being moved by the 
powerful oratory of the preach- 
er. Nevertheless, were the 
preaching of the Gospel ad- 
apted to the new condition of 
things, as it was to the times of 
the fathers, might not the same 
results be expected? 

Mr. David Morris was a na- 
tive of Lledrod, Cardiganshire, 
where he was born in the year 
1744. His father's name was 
Morris Morgan. It is not 
known under what circum- 
stances he was brought to 
Christ, nor at what age. All 
that is recorded is that he com- 
menced preaching when he was 
twenty-one years of age. Lled- 
rod, not being far from Llan- 
geitho, it is probable that he 
was in the habit of frequenting 
the services in that renowned 
place, where he would enjoy 
the ministry of the seraphic 
Daniel Rowland; and it is 
likely that it was at these ser- 
vices he was brought to " the 
obedience of Christ." How- 
ever, he must have been con- 
verted to God when compara- 
tively young. It is not known 
what educational advantages 
he had, if he had any, when a 
youth. But it would seem 
that he was able to avail him- 
self of English authors, and 
also to write well, and thus he 
surpassed many in his own 

As a preacher, he soon .at- 
tained great popularity, and 
his services were highly appre- 
ciated. His fine physique was 
possibly helpful to him, espe^ 
cially among strangers. In his 
later j^ears his corpulence be^ 
came excessive, and he must 
have been a burden to himself. 
It is said that when riding on 
horseback, it was necessary 
that he should have a pillow in 
front of the saddle whereon he 
might rest himself ; and it was 
often only with great difficulty 
that he got in and out of the 
pulpits because of his great 
size. He had a powerful yet 
persuasive voice, excelling even 
that of his celebrated son, 
Ebenezer. He was moreover a 
fine thinker, and often gave 
expression to very beautiful 
thoughts, although his constant 
peregrinations throughout 
North and South Wales could 
not have allowed him much 
leisure for close study at home. 
The Rev. Dr. Owen Thomas, in 
his memoir of the Rev. John 
Jones, Talysarn, relates how, 
on one occasion, when he was 
going from Llanllyfni to Taly- 
sarn, he was accompanied by 
one of the older brethren ; 
when they reached a certain 
spot on the road, the old friend 
stopped, and asked, " Do you 
see that stone? Do you know, 
I heard David Morris preach 
on this spot, and it was on 
that stone he stood." When 
asked if he remembered the 


text, "Yes, well," he replied, 
" it was the words in the 
Psalm, 'The earth is full of 
the goodness of the Lord.' " 
" Do you remember anything 
of the sermon?" "Yes, I re- 
member that he referred to 
God's goodness in creation, 
and goodness in providence, 
and goodness in redemption ; 
and in referring to His good- 
ness in creation, I remember 
that he imagined some one rais- 
ing objections against it, be- 
cause that so much of the earth 
seems waste, so much is barren 
deserts, fruitless seas, and wild 
mountains." When asked how 
Mr. Morris met these objec- 
tions, he replied that he could 
not remember how he overthrew 
the objections respecting the 
deserts and the seas, but that 
he remembered well how he 
met the objection respecting the 
mountains, " 'The mountains, 
friends,' he said, ' are God's 
boxes which are full of trea- 
sures ; and as He sees His 
children in need, He will 
throw the key to some one to 
open them.' " And as Dr. 
Thomas remarks, this saying in 
itself is sufficient to prove that 
there was thought in Mr. Mor- 
ris' sermons. 

The Rev. Christmas Evans, 
who frequently heard him 
preach, sent the following, 
among other remarks made by 
him, to the Seren Corner. 

" The five great sacrifices of 
Scripture are the sacrifice of 

Christ, the sacrifice of the 
Christian's body, the sacrifice 
of a broken heart, the sacrifice 
of praise, and the sacrifice of 

" How was it that Christ did 
not ask Peter before dinner, 
' Lovest thou me?' Because if 
he had done so, Peter could not 
have swallowed one particle of 

No doubt the great charac- 
teristic of his ministry was its 
vigour and unction, and thus 
his preaching was often over- 
powering. The people were 
spell-bound. The effect at 
times was so great that it 
would seem that all present 
were converted. It was so at 
Llanarmon, in the vale of Ceir- 
iog, where he preached from 
the words, " Give an account 
of thy stewardship, for thou 
mayest be no longer steward." 
Such a scene was never wit- 
nessed before or after in that 
country. The cries and tears 
of the people were such as if 
the great day of judgment had 
come. But, as Mont Blanc 
towers among the mountains of 
Europe, so the sermon of which 
the greatest talk has been was 
one he preached at Pont Rip- 
pont, Anglesea, on the words, 

For what is a man profited 
if he shall gain the whole 
world and lose his own soul? 
or what shall a man give in ex- 
change for his soul?" This 
sermon was long spoken of as 

the sermon of the great loss." 



When describing in toucnmg 
and tender words what it was 
for the soul to be lost, he would 
now and again shout with over- 
whelming effect, "Oh, ye people 
of the great loss !" until 
they stood in fear and trem- 
bling. Two very remarkable 
instances are recorded of per- 
sons who were not present at 
the service, but heard the 
shout, " Oh, ye people of the 
great loss !" and were drawn to 
the spot where the service was 
being held, and were led to de- 
cide to follow the Lord. One 
was that of a youiig girl who 
had lost her apron, and was 
searching for it. Whilst thus 
searching she heard a voice 
shouting, " The great loss! the 
great loss ! the great loss !" In 
her simplicity she thought the 
man was referring to her 
apron ; so she followed the 
voice, and found a large num- 
her of people gathered together 
listening to a man preaching 
from the words already quot- 
ed. She soon found that she 
was in danger of losing some- 
thing of infinitely greater 
worth than her apron ; and on 
that day she began her reli- 
gious life. Another woman 
was in search of some pigs 
which had gone astray; and 
while she was at some distance 
from the preacher, and out of 
his view, she heard the shout, 
" Oh, ye people of the great 
loss !" On hearing this, she 
said to herself that there were 

some parties who Lad suffered 
a greater loss than she ; and 
following the voice, she reach- 
ed a convenient spot where she 
could see and Lear the preach- 
er. That day her soul was 

It was thus powerful his 
ministry at times proved. His 
words, under the blessing .of 
heaven, were sharper than any 
two-edged sword dividing be- 
tween people and their sins. 
His ministry was a savour of 
life unto life to many. Not- 
withstanding his great corpu- 
lency, he itinerated very much 
both through North and South 
Wales, preaching the unsearch- 
able riches of Christ to those 
who were perishing through 
their spiritual poverty. He 
made three or four tours every 
year in North Wales, visiting 
Anglesea, Carnarvonshire, Den- 
bighshire, and Merionethshire, 
and this at a time when the 
whole journey had to be made 
on horseback, and much incon- 
venience had to be put up with. 
In many places he was exposed 
to much peril, and on many 
occasions he was almost mirac- 
ulously preserved. He often 
preached the' Gospel in dis- 
tricts where its joyful sound 
had never before been heard, 
and in manj r he met with a cold 
reception. He knew, through 
experience, what it was to 
spend the night without any 
door being open to receive him 


in. Nevertheless, lie would go 
forth again and again. 

Besides being a popular 
preacher, he ,was a considerable 
poet. In 1773 not 1778 as 
stated in the G-wydd.oniad.ur, 
he published a work, entitled 
'''Can y Pererinion Cystudd- 
dedig ar eu taith tua Seion;" 
.and in 1783, he published an 
.Elegy on the death of Llewelyn 
Dafydd, of Trecastle, Brecon- 
:shire, who died March aoth. 
This last work explains in a 
.measure how his son Ebenezer 
went shortly after this to Tre- 
castle -to open a school. He 
Temoved from Lledrod to Twf- 
gwyn at the invitation of the 
-church to undertake the pastor - 
.ate, in the year 1774, and here 
!he subsequently dwelt until his 
death, which took place at the 
early age of forty-seven years, 
on September i7th, 1791- 
Several hymns of ' his composi- 
tion were very 'popular, and 
some of 'them are still favour- 
ites. One of the best known is 
one on Heaven, the first stanza 
of which is 

" Mae brodyr ini aeth yn mlaen 

Yn holliach a chytun ; 
; . Deng mil o filoedd yw eu can, 
Er hyn nid yw ond un." 

His death, at so early an age. 
awakened intense sorrow 
throughout the whole circle of 
Methodism; both in North and 
South, Wales; for he was not 
only a great preacher, .. and a 
considerable poet, but withal a 
iind and genial man, ready to 

sympathize with those in dis- 
tress, and afford to such a 
helping hand. His furrow was 
short, but a very fruitful one. 
Cofiant y Parch. John Jones, 
Talsarn, vol. ii. page 812; :F 
G-wyd-d.oniad.ur Cymreig ; Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. page 
82; Y Tadau Metkodistazdd, 
vol. i. page 483 ; Enwogion 
Ceredigion, page 181. 

TWRGWYN, Cardiganshire, oc- 
cupies a conspicuous place 
among the luminaries of 
Calvinistic Methodism during 
the closing years of the 
eighteenth century, and the 
first two decades of the nine- 
teenth. At the start of his pub- 
lic career he was favoured 
with advantages which but few 
enjoy. His father, David Mor- 
ris, Twrgwyn, was a leader in 
the Methodist movement. Thus, 
when Ebenezer came forth as a 
preacher, he was given a posi- 
tion which would not be accord- 
ed to the son of an unknown 
person. People had confidence 
in him, expected much from 
him, and respected him for his 
father's sake. But he must 
have been himself a man of 
rare ability and character to 
sustain through life the posi- 
tion he held. As the quaint 
Siencyn Penhydd once remark- 
ed to him, " Ebenezer Morris, 
the first time you came through 
the country, you rode your 
father's big horse, but now 
your own horse is as big as his. 



Beware, lad, lest you fall." 
However, whilst he was the son 
of a very eminent minister, 
Ebenezer, if anything, out- 
shone his father in ability and 

He was born in the year 1769, 
when his father was a preacher 
of but five years' standing : lit- 
tle is known of his early child- 
hood and youth. It would seem 
however that he was a boy of a 
very lively disposition, taking 
the lead among his playmates 
in their usual pastimes. It is 
known that he was a good 
swimmer, and generally when 
a lad takes the lead in one 
thing of this kind, he is not 
far behind the leader in other 
things. He was full of fun 
and frolic. On one occasion 
this was nearly fatal to one of 
his playmates, who was bathing 
with him and others in the 
river Ceri. In the bed of the 
river there was a rock on one 
side of which was a deep pool 
into which no one would jump 
unless he could swim well. 
Ebenezer came suddenly be- 
hind this lad, who was stand- 
ing on the rock, and gave him 
an unexpected push into the 
pool. The boy could not swim. 
so he was nearly drowned. 
When the clergyman of Troed- 
yraur, in whose school he was, 
heard this, he was about to 
punish Ebenezer severely, when 
he excused himself by saying, 
" How did I know but that he 
could swim like a fish?" These 

words, spoken with much sim- 
plicity, saved him a flogging. 
Being himself an expert swim- 
mer, perhaps he forgot that all 
boys were not like him. 

His education must have- 
been looked after tolerably- 
well, for when he was 17 years, 
of age he left home for Tre- 
castle, Breconshire, to open a. 
day-school. In religious mat- 
ters he was at best at this time- 
but " almost a Christian." Al- 
though brought up in an emin- 
ently religious family, where, 
it may be certain, his religious; 
instruction was carefully at- 
tended to, when he left home- 
he was not decided for Christ. 
There was nothing immoral in. 
his habits : he was simply un- 
concerned about his spiritual 
welfare. He had not however 
been long at Trecastle before- 
the great change came to pass. 
Under the preaching of David 
William Rhys, one of the early- 
lay preachers of Methodism, 
the truth as it is in Jesus pierced 
his soul and brought him into- 
subjection to Christ. He at 
once joined the Methodist soci- 
ety at Trecastle, and was re- 
ceived with great joy. He soon- 
began to make himself useful 
at the prayer and church meet- 
ings. The friends, recognizirig- 
his gifts, urged him to exercise- 
them in preaching, and were- 
the more earnest perhaps: 
through knowing his father, 
and being persuaded that he- 
would be a preacher of the- 
right stamp. 



He was but nineteen years of 
.age when he began to preach, 
.and even at this early age he 

was not without seals to his 
.ministry. A blessed earnest of 
.a successful career was given 
:him at the first. Through the 

mercy of God his preaching 
-was not in word only but in 
tdemonstration of the Spirit and 
.of power. What joy this must 

have been to the Church ! And 

what an encouragement it 
.must have been to him ! Of 
:ve-and-twenty who joined the at Trecastle on the same 
.evening shortly after Ebenezer 
ijbegan to preach, twenty-four 
.acknowledged that it was 
^through the ministry of their 
-young preacher they had been 
.led to consider their end, and 
-to dedicate themselves to Christ 
t and His cause. 

His preaching being thus 
;blessed, his fame spread 
'.abroad. A new light had 
^sprung up which it was felt 
would assuredly become bright- 
er. It was not long before he 
was urged to go beyond his im- 
mediate neighbourhood to 
-preach the unsearchable riches 
.of Christ. The country at that 
-time was in great spiritual 
.darkness. The churches were 
-few and small, and the preach- 
.ers of the Gospel were not 
: many. Those who engaged in 
-the work of the ministry had 
to do so from pure love of the 
-work, receiving but little if 
.-any pecuniary remuneration, 

whilst they had to suffer many 
hardships and apply themselves 
to much toil. Ebenezer made 
his first visit to North Wales 
in his twentieth year, in com- 
pany with David Parry, Llan- 
wrtyd, a man of a gentle spirit 
who still lives in the traditions 
of the people. How long the 
itinerancy was, or what events 
transpired, is not recorded. 
There can be little doubt that 
Parry's touching, tender, and 
effective preaching, had a deep 
influence on the young evangel- 
ist's mind. 

Upon his return from the 
North, he betook himself home 
to his father at Benyffos, Troed- 
yraur, and ne discontinued the 
school at Trecastle. In Octo- 
ber, 1790, he officiated at Llan- 
geitho on the Saturday evening 
preceding the last Sunday 'of 
Daniel Rowland's life. This 
was a high mark of the esteem 
in wnich he was held by the com- 
munity of which Rowland was 
the head. Llangeitho, at the 
time, was the centre of Meth- 
odism. Thither the people went 
from all parts of the country, 
in 'readiness for Communion 
Sunday every month, as the 
tribes of old went up to Jeru- 
salem to the feasts of the Lord. 
Ministers and people went 
thither in pilgrim bands from 
distant places of both North 
and South Wales. Rowland al- 
ways preached at noon on the 
Saturday preceding the Com- 
munion. In the evening, one 



of the strangers officiated, and 
it was deemed a high honour to 
be chosen to do so. Ebenezer 
was but twenty-one when the 
choice fell upon him. 

In about twelve months after 
this, his father died in the 
prime of life, and the zenith of 
his fame. He was but 47 years 
of age when he was called 
upon to lay down his armour, 
and to wear his crown. This 
was a great shock to the young 
preacher's mind, yet it brought 
home to him with great force 
the fact that if he would be of 
any service to the Master, it 
was necessary that 'he should 
set about it with speed and 
earnestness. At his father's 
death, he was invited to take 
the oversight of the church at 
Twrgwyn and the neighbour- 
ing churches over which his 
father had exercised pastoral 
care for some time. 

In the following year he 
married Miss Mary Jones, 
Dinas, Bettws Ifan, Cardigan- 
shire, a pious and intelligent 
young woman who proved to 
him a true helpmate. She was 
an orphan who had been adopt- 
ed by a rich uncle and aunt. 
The uncle, however, was sorely 
displeased with her at her mar- 
riage, as she had rejected the 
offers of a young man well-to- 
do in the world. She had 
therefore to leave Dinas empty- 
handed, and her intended 
dowry was bestowed upon her 

brother. The young couple 
thus had to spend the early 
years of their married life- 
without much competence. At 
her uncle's death, however, her 
brother acted the part of a true- 
brother, and gave her a goodly/ 
sum, which enabled her hus- 
band to purchase a small farm,, 
on which they built a new and 
comfortable house, which they 
called Blaenywern, and which 
was their home during the 
rest of their days. 

His ministry being powerful, 
his character upright, and his 
judgment of men and affairs 
sound, he soon found himself 
in the front rank of the minis- 
ters of Cardiganshire, and in- 
deed of Wales. Daniel Row- 
land, who had been the chief 
centre of action and influence,, 
had died. Ebenezer's father, 
the next to Rowland in influ- 
ence in Cardiganshire; was 
also gone " the way of all 
flesh," so that a great gap had 
been opened among the leaders 
of Methodism. There were 
many eminent men still re- 
maining, among whom were 
Mr. Grey, Abermeurig; Mr. 
Williams, Lledrod ; and Mr. 
Thomas, Cardigan, with whom 
the subject of this sketch lived 
on the most cordial terms, and 
co-operated on all occasions. 
3e never pushed himself to the 
:ront, yet found himself there. 
The position was accorded him 
>y the common consent and de- 
sire of the brethren. 



As the years passed by, Mr. 
Morris kept at his work, 
labouring with great accept- 
ance and success. He often 
made prolonged tours through 
the Principality. His preach- 
ing revived and cheered the 
hearts of 'the children of God, 
and brought many of the wan- 
dering ones into the fold of the 
Saviour. Among other im- 
portant connexional matters 
which he had a hand in bring- 
ing to pass, was the ordination 
of lay preachers to administer 
the sacraments of the church. 
It was in the churches under 
his care the subject was first 
publicly mooted. It was felt to 
be contrary to all reason that 
the minister, under whose 
preaching so much good -was 
done, whose pulpit ministra- 
tions were so powerful and 
brilliant, and whose general 
conduct in the management of 
church affairs was so wise, 
should not administer the 
ordinances. This feeling was 
conveyed to him, and he 
responded that the matter rest- 
ed with the churches : if they 
were in earnest about it, it was 
for them to lay the matter be- 
fore the Association. This was 
done ; and it was the beginning 
of the agitation which was fin- 
ally settled in 1811, through 
the ordination of a number of 
.preachers of North Wales at 
Bala, and of South Wales at 
Llandilo. Many a hard battle 
was fought. The episcopally- 
ordained clergymen resented 

the idea of placing the lay 
preachers on a footing of 
equality with them. The 
thought was considered mon- 
strous, and not to be enter- 
tained. No ordination would be 
valid but that administered by 
a bishop. Whilst the churches 
were languishing through the 
lack of the administration of 
the sacraments, there was no- 
thing that could be done to im- 
prove their condition. Stormy 
meetings were held when the 
question was discussed. Some 
of the clergymen were almost 
wild with rage at the proposal, 
and would hardly tolerate any- 
one to say a word about it. For 
the preachers themselves, it was. 
rather a delicate matter to take- 
much part in the discussion, 
lest it should be said that it. 
was personal ambition moved 
them. Ebenezer Morris, how- 
ever, and others, advocated 
the measure with calmness and 
persistency. A few simple- 
words from him at an Associa- 
tion held at Bala finally won 
over the Rev. Thomas Charles: 
to the side of the innovation. 
At length, in 1811, the Associa- 
tion both of North and South 
Wales ordained several of the 
most conspicuous preachers, 
among whom Mr. Morris was 
prominent. The event proved 
the final severance of the Meth- 
odist movement from the Es- 
tablished Church. 

He was a mighty preacher. 
In the words of an apprecia- 
tive sketch in the Evangelical' 



Magazine for April, 1826, a 
few months after he died : 
' ; Those natural advantages 
.and qualifications which seem 
to render . a public speaker 
popular, Mr. Morris enjoyed 
:in extraordinary variety and 
amplitude. His voice was re- 
markable for its power, capa- 
bility of modulation, and mel- 
ody. His style of speaking 
never failed to rivet the atten- 
tion by its diversity, eloquence 
.and energy. His retentiveness 
of memory, and his readiness 
and copiousness of expression 
often appeared to astonishment, 
in carrying him through sen- 
tences of 'great length, compre- 
hension, and vehemency, with 
perfect perspicuity and pre- 
cision. His ardency was un- 
common, but seemed fully justi- 
fied, and, indeed, demanded by 
the obvious importance, of that 
which he inculcated. His 
.action was considerable, but at 
all times dignified and becom- 
ing ; and his countenance gen- 
erally wore a striking expres- 
sion appertaining to the topic 
"he might be treating. 

" He was no pulpit trifler. 
From the beginning of his dis- 
course to its conclusion, he 
strove with all his ardour, to 
awaken the conscience, and to 
.affect the heart. He discovered 
much skill in accommodating his 
ideas to every capacity : plac- 
ing them in various aspects be- 
-fore the mind with admirable 
rreadiness. Few sermons could 

be listened to, equally intelligi- 
ble as were his to the obtuse 
and vulgar, that were at once 
so theological, so replete with 
sentiment, so free from truisms, 
and so accordant in imagery 
and diction with good taste. 
He was happy in familiarly il- 
lustrating the passages of 
Scripture he quoted to bear on 
his point, without perversion 
or sophistry. His mode of 
paraphrasing was clear, appo- 
site, and highly interesting. If 
he could be esteemed more ex- 
cellent in treating one subject 
than another, it was when ex- 
patiating upon the person of 
Christ, and when he proceeded 
with closeness and pathos, 

' To prove that without Christ all gain is 

All hope despair, that stands not on His 

cross.' " 

Although he had but little 
opportunity of speaking Eng- 
lish, as he lived and laboured 
chiefly in a district where the 
English language was seldom 
or never heard, yet he is known 
to have preached and prayed 
with very great power in that 
tongue. About the year 1818, 
he and the Rev. David Charles, 
Carmarthen, were delegated by 
the South Wales Association to 
attend the ordination service, 
at Wotton-under-Edge, of the 
Rev. Theophilus Jones, who 
lad been selected as minister of 
the Rev. Rowland Hill's 
chapel. As Mr. Jones had been 
jrought up a Methodist, Mr. 



Hill desired that brethren of 
this body should take part in 
Ms ordination. For some time 
previous to the service, Mr. 
Hill, in his humorous way, 
"had informed the people of the 
amusement that was awaiting 
them through the broad Welsh 
accent of Mr. Morris. The 
day came. Mr. Morris was 
called upon to offer the ordina- 
tion prayer, which he did with 
great propriety and unction. 
There was hardly a dry eye in 
the place. Mr. Charles then 
gave the charge to the minister 
in his usual fresh, cogent, and 
exhaustive style. Mr. Morris 
followed with a sermon to the 
church. His text was, " Gather 
my saints together unto me ; 
those that have made a coven- 
ant with me by sacrifice," Ps. 
1. 5. He soon had the people 
completely in his hands. From 
the context, he led their 
thoughts, in his own peculiar 
way, to the Day of Judgment, 
shouting " The day of judg- 
ment, the day of judgment," 
again and again, until many 
felt that the day of judgment 
had already come. Several 
ladies fainted under the power 
of his preaching. Mr. Hill, 
sitting in the pulpit behind the 
preacher, was moved to tears, 
"his characteristic humour, how- 
ever, betraying itself even then, 
for he involuntarily cried out, 
"Amen, go on my brother, give 
it them right well." Ever af- 
terwards, when Mr. Hill visit- 

ed the place, and found the 
people cold and unconcerned, it 
is reported that he would say, 
" Well, we must have again the 
fat minister from Wales, that 
noted preacher, to rouse you." 

As stated in the extract from 
the Evangelical Magazine, he 
had a marvellous voice, of great 
compass, sweetest melody and 
unparalleled power. He would 
sometimes be heard two or three 
miles away. Generally, he 
began his sermon in a low tone, 
but as he proceeded his voice 
rose higher and yet higher. He 
had an inimitable way of lay- 
ing stress upon and repeating a 
single word in a short sentence, 
such as Eternity, Day of Judg- 
ment, until it would thrill the 
hearts of his hearers and com- 
pletely subdue them. These 
single words and short sen- 
tences were often instrumental 
in plucking many a brand from 
the burning ; and would re-echo 
in the souls of men long after 
other parts of the sermon would 
be forgotten. 

In his general character he 
was a man of great influence at 
home as well as at the Associa- 
tion. All classes paid him 
much deference and placed in 
him the greatest confidence. 
One of the chief magistrates of 
the neighbourhood where he 
dwelt, one day said to him, 
" Mr. Morris, I am extremely 
thankful to you for your efforts 
and success in keeping every- 



body throughout the district in 
peace with each other. You 
are worth more than a dozen of 
us magistrates." On another 
occasion when he was sum- 
moned to appear before the ses- 
sion in Cardigan, with regard 
to some legal matter, it was told 
him that " there was no need 
for him to take the oath, his 
word would be sufficient." 
These facts reveal the respect 
in which he was held outside 
the denomination of which he 
was so honoured a member and 

He died as he lived, in per- 
fect peace. He knew that, the 
time to leave his earthly taber- 
nacle was at hand. This how- 
ever, caused him no anxiety. 
About nine days before his 
death he said with greatest calm- 
ness, " My greatest desire now 
is that I may depart and be with 
Christ." In his last hours, he 
rested solely on the atoning 
merits of Christ, and resting 
here, the troubled waters of Jor- 
dan caused him no alarm. He 
died worshipping and rejoic- 
ing,. Monday, . August isth, 
1825, in the fifty-sixth year of 
his age; and was buried in 
Troedyraur Churchyard. 

A lengthened and interesting 
sketch of Mr. Morris' life ap- 
peared in the Gwyddoniadur, 
and was afterwards published 
in a separate form for private 
circulation. Y Method- 
istaidd, vol. ii., page 338 ; Cof- 

iant y Parch. J. Jones, Talsarn^ 
vol. ii., page 834; Enwogion 
Ceredigion, page 183 ; Methad- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page- 

FAIR, Anglesea, was born at 
Myfyrian Isaf, in the parish of 
Llanidan, Anglesea, January 
i3th, 1749. His parents, both 
of whom died when he was. 
thirteen years of age, were- 
Morris Prichard and Marg&ret 
Williams. He was the third 
of four children. His mother 
was a religious woman and took 
her children with her to church 
twice on Sunday. After her 
death, Risiart took to a prodigal 
life and lived accordingly until 
he was twenty years of age. At 
the time of his conversion he- 
experienced' a deep conviction 
of sin, and joined a small so- 
ciety of Methodists in the 
parish of Llanddaniel. Four 
years later, at the time of his; 
marriage, he took a farm in the 
same parish, but shortly after- 
wards he took another at Llan- 
goed, whither he removed, and" 
remained there about ten years- 
Providence did not seem to fav- 
our him in his agricultural pur- 
suit ; indeed his life was a con- 
tinual struggle. When a 
chapel was built at Llanfair 
in 1785, he took up his abode 
there, and for a time conducted" 
a day and night school. He 
began to preach in the year 


and devoted the last 



twenty years of his life entirely 
to the ministry of the Gospel, 
itinerating through both North 
and South Wales. Very many 
were converted under his 
preaching. During the year 
he died, fifty-five persons 
joined the church at Llan- 
fair, and of these fifteen were 
received on the night of his 
funeral, eleven of whom testi- 
fied that it was through his 
preaching they had been led to 
decide for Christ. He died 
April i2th, 1814, aged 65 years. 
He was a faithful preacher, a 
keen disciplinarian, ' and severe 
in his condemnation of sin. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 577 ; Methodistiaeth M.on, 
page 117. 

NEFYDD, Denbighshire, was the 
son of Richard Morris, and was 
baptized July 23, 1769. He 
was a farmer and preacher, and 
rendered good service to the 
Lord's cause in his district. He 
was buried at Llannefydd. 

GERAN, Pembrokeshire, was a 
lively and highly respected 
preacher in his sphere, but 
nothing like so eminent as his 
son, the Rev. William Morris. 
He was a shoemaker by trade, 
and through his skill and suc- 
cess in his calling he was en- 
abled to bring up his family re- 
spectably. One of his sons, 
David, entered the Civil Ser- 
vice, and for many years was a 

deacon of the Methodist Church 
at Brecon, and was a most 
gifted man on prayer. Thomas 
Morris was blessed with many 
qualifications which made him 
popular. When his son William 
began to preach, he was often 
announced as "William Morris, 
son of Thomas Morris." His 
religious character was highly 
esteemed in his own locality. 
The Methodists- at Cilgeran in 
his day had no chapel and held 
all their services both on Sun- 
days and weekdays at his house. 
Bywgraffiad y Parch. William 
Morris, Cilgeran, page 16. 

ROBERT, Montgomeryshire, was 
a member of the church at Pont- 
robert at its earliest period. He 
was an earnest and lively 
preacher, and itinerated a good 
deal, chiefly however in com- 
pany with some other preacher. 
He was a pioneer of the work 
in some districts. He died in 

MEL, Flintshire, is included in 
the list of preachers in the Dry- 
sorfa for 1836. 

Merionethshire, w|as a black- 
smith by trade, and a native of 
Cardiganshire. Before his con- 
version he was thoughtless and 
gay. The patriarchal John 
Evans of Bala, speaks of him 
as the most wonderful man he 
had ever known. His conver- 
sion brought to pass a com- 



plete change in his spirit and 
life. No one ever saw him 
afterwards in a trivial mood, or 
in a bad temper. Nor was he 
ever heard to speak a waste 
word. He ever kept at hand, in 
his smithy, pen and ink and 
paper to note down the hymns 
which he sometimes composed 
whilst engaged at the anvil j a 
number of these were sung at 
the religious services held in 
his day. He and his brother 
John were among the earliest 
exhorters in the district. He 
undertook to conduct a religious 
service every morning at 5 
o'clock, to secure quiet from the 
enemies of the Methodist move- 
ment ; he called at the homes of 
those who usually attended to 
arouse them from their sleep, 
saying, under their window, 
'"Rise, brethren, to the Lord's 
.service and do not listen to the 
flesh." Robert Jones says of 
"him that he was a man of ster- 
ling character : his godliness 
was conspicuous, his counsels 
were blessed, his prayers were 
many and fervent, and his zeal 
for God's cause intense. The 
date of his death is not known. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., 
page 489 ; Hanes Methodistiaeth 
JDwyrain Meirionydd, page 52. 
T3reconshire, was a native of 
Aberdare, and removed to Tre- 
vecca that he might be near 
Howel Harris. It is recorded 
.-that, through a sermon he 

preached near Capel Coch, 
Anglesea, about the year 1751, 
Robert Dafydd, Hen Siop, who 
became an eminent Christian, 
was converted. Robert had 
come to the service for the ex- 
press purpose of causing a dis- 
turbance, but the reading of his 
text by the preacher completely 
subdued him, and won him 
over to the side of the Gospel. 
A letter from him to Howel 
Harris, dated September i7th, 
1755, appeared in Cymru, vol. 
I., page 31, in which he gives 
an account of an itinerancy he 
was making in North Wales. 
Its language indicates clearly 
that he was from Glamorgan- 
shire. He was a comparatively 
illiterate man, but in the pre- 
cision of his ways, the energy 
of his character, and in his de- 
votion to the interests of his 
chief, he was a man after Har- 
ris' own heart, and after the 
death of the latter he continued 
to preside over the Institution 
till his own decease in the year 
1805. He was one of the two 
or three exhorters, who, hav- 
ing survived Harris, published 
his first biography in the year 
1791. The Rev. Daniel Rowland 
meeting him one day at Swan- 
sea in 1759, asked him why Mr. 
Harris did not go out to preach 
as of old. " I told him," he 
wrote, " that if Mr. Harris 
were to come again amongst 
you, you would pull down what 
hie put up, and put up again 



what he would pull down. And 
I told him that I believed God 
would show him that he had 
sinned in the Rupture, because 
he did hot strike in with the 
Lord 'against the carnal spirit 
that had come into the work, 
and because he had opposed the 
preaching of the death of God." 
When Harris entered the Bre- 
cbnshire Militia, in the early 
part of 1760, Evan Moses and 
one or two others were appoint- 
ed to assume the command of 
the Institution at Trevecca dur- 
ing his absence. Harris evi- 
dently placed in him the ut- 
most confidence and thought 
very highly of him as a faith- 
ful and trustworthy man. Life 
of Howel Harris, pages 381, 
386, 389 ; Hanes 'Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii., page 558; 
Methodistiaeth Dwyrain Meir- 
ionydd, page 53. 

Merionethshire, was the brother 
of Evan Moses of the same town. 
Both were blacksmiths by trade, 
and rendered much service to 
Methodism in the district of 
Bala at its very start. John 
had a greater gift of speech 
than Evan, and was of a freer 
and more lively disposition, 
though he was not so prominent 
with the cause of Christ. 
Howel Harris was his mother's 
guest on the occasion of his 
visit to Bala when his life was 
in greatest peril : indeed had it 
not been that John Moses in- 

terposed, he would have been 
more maltreated than he was. 
John and his mother and some 
others were summoned before 
the magistrates for the part they 
took in relation to Harris. John 
was fined five shillings for be- 
ing among his hearers, and his ' 
mother twenty shillings for har- 
bouring him. He and his 
brother Evan were among the 
first to espouse the cause of 
Methodism in the district, and 
to go forth as exhorters in con- 
nection therewith. He con- 
tinued faithful to the end of his 
life. He died in the year 1787, 
after having been a follower 
of Christ for 42 years. loan 
Tegid was his grandson. 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 175 ; 
Hanes Methodistiaeth Dwyrain 
Meirionydd, page 53. 

GWYRYFON, Cardiganshire, was 
one of the early preachers. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 32. 

Breconshire, was . a preacher 
who lived and laboured about 
the end of the eighteenth and 
the beginning of the nineteenth 

GAREDIG, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the early preachers. 

CHAPEL, Pembrokeshire, was a 
native of Carmarthen, and re-- 
moved to New Chapel to reside, 
.where he died in 1848. 



DDEWI, Radnorshire, was con- 
verted under a sermon preach- 
ed by Howell Harris, one Sun- 
day afternoon, in the neighbour- 
hood of Llandegley, and he be- 
came an earnest preacher of the 
Gospel in his native county. He 
lived on a small farm named 
Pantyffin, and rendered much 
service to the Methodist move- 
ment. When he died, the dis- 
tricts where he had laboured 
were left almost destitute of 
preaching, possibly through 
that the Methodist itinerant 
preachers were chiefly Welsh. 
Moreover, at the time of the 
rupture between Harris and 
Rowland, the Rowland section 
left Radnorshire and the ad- 
jacent districts of Breconshire, 
to Harris, whilst Harris con- 
fined his labours very much to 
his settlement at Trevecca. 

bold and courageous preacher, 
who experienced much brutality 
at the hands of the enemies of 
the Gospel. When preaching 
on one occasion at Denbigh, in 
the house of Thomas Lloyd, be- 
fore a church had been formed 
in the town, the foes of the 
Methodist movement drew him 
from the house to the Lenten 
Pool, where it was customary to 
water horses and cattle. As 
his enemies found it difficult to 
get him into the p^ol without 
getting wet themselves, they 
took his wig, and placed therein 

a stone, and threw it into the 
middle of the pool. Upon 
this a lad came there on 
horseback, who seized the 
preacher by his shoulder 
and drew him to and fro in the 
water. Some of the spectators 
also diverted themselves with 
pelting him with stones and 
filth. For still further amuse- 
ment, a dog was got from a tan- 
yard near by to drive the 
preacher into fhe water. But 
as the dog snapped at and bit 
the mouth of the boy's horse, 
causing considerable excite- 
ment, the preacher was able to 

On another occasion, Oliver 
took advantage of a crowd of 
people gathered together at 
Ruthin to witness the public 
execution of a man condemned 
to be hanged, and preached to 
them from the words of Christ 
to the thief on the Cross "This 
day shalt thou be with me in 
Paradise," and a deep impres- 
sion was produced on many 
minds. Methodistiaeth Cymrit, 
vol. i., page 153. 

Cardiganshire, was the son of 
David and Mary Owen, Troed- 
yrhiw, Llangrannog, and was 
born in 1793. He was brought 
into the Lord's vineyard at 
Pensarn, Cardiganshire, when 
19 years of age, and soon 
evinced considerable interest in 
the Sabbath School and other 
sections of the work of Christ. 



He removed from. Pensarn to 
Penmorfa, where, ia the year 
1823 or according to the Rev. 
John Evans, in 1821 he began 
to preach. He was a great 
reader, and was also remarkable 
on prayer. The sum and sub- 
stance of his preaching was, 
Christ crucified is everything 
for a sinner who has nothing. 
He earnestly urged his fellow 
.sinners to escape for their life 
to the appointed Refuge from 
the wrath to come. He itiner- 
ated through all the counties of 
South Wales, and through por- 
tions of North Wales ; but his 
.sun suddenly set whilst he was 
in the prime of life. He died 
August 2ist, 1837, aac ^ was 
buried at Llangrannog. Meth- 
odistiaeth De Aberteifi, page 

Anglesea, was called to the dia- 
conate before he began to 
preach. He lived at Gorslwyd 
for some years. He never at- 
tained to much influence in the 
pulpit, but he was highly re- 
spected as a Christian. He had 
the unfortunate weakness of try- 
ing to imitate the Rev. John 
Elias in the peculiar use of his 
forefinger when preaching. He 
died September gth, 1844. 
Methodistiaeth Man, page 193. 

THEN-GRON, Flintshire, was the 
son of Owen Thomas, Lleyn, 
Carnarvonshire, who removed to 
reside in Flintshire about the 

year 1725. He was the brother 
of John Owen, who was a very 
eminent worker in the early his- 
tory of Methodism in Flint- 
shire. Indeed, the two bro- 
thers were the first preachers of 
the Connexion in this county. 
Both endured much persecution 
and many hardships because of 
their alliance with the Method- 
ists. The following instances 
will illustrate the kind of treat- 
ment they received. On one 
occasion when Humphrey was 
praying at the commencement of 
a service at Gronant, some one 
threw an owl in his face, pur- 
posing to put an end to the ser- 
vice, and though he failed in 
his object, yet the preacher was 
considerably hurt. Dung and 
rotten eggs were frequently 
thrown at him to disconcert and 
annoy him. One Sunday morn- 
ing when preaching in the 
street at Conway, and before he 
had quite finished, a constable 
came and ordered him at once 
to appear before a magistrate, 
the vicar of the parish, who had 
sent him with a summons for his 
capture. The following con- 
versation took place between 
him and the vicar. 

" Why," asked the clergy- 
man, " do such as you come 
through the country to disturb 
the people?" 

" Most assuredly, sir," re- 
plied the preacher, ' : there was 
perfect peace in our midst until 
the constable sent by you came 



to us : it was he alone, sir, that 
disturbed the people." 

"Do you understand Greek?" 
the clergyman asked. 

"Indeed, sir," Owens replied, 
" I am exceedingly glad that 
Jesus Christ understands Welsh 
well, and it was in that langu- 
age I spoke." 

The clergyman then said to 
the constable, purposing to 
frighten the preacher, " Pre- 
pare to take this man to Car- 
narvon to hand him over to- 
the press-gang." So the clergy- 
man and the constable left the 
preacher, fully expecting that 
he would crave for pardon and 
promise never to transgress in 
the same way again. But after 
waiting a long time, without 
any such request from the 
preacher, the clergyman thought 
that it was best to let him go ; 
so he sent the constable to say, 
" My master says that you may 
now go your way." 

Humphrey replied, " Go to 
your master and tell him that I 
will not leave unless he comes 
himself to release me." 

So he had to come and let 
Humphrey go honourably, and 
away he went to Llanrwst to 
fulfil an engagement to preach 
there that evening. 

In the face of much insult 
and opposition and pecuniary 
sacrifice he continued faithful 
to his task as a preacher of the 
Gospel to the end of his life. 
He died at Holywell in the year 

1796, aged about sixty, and 
twenty years after his brother, 
alongside whose remains in Ys- 
geifiog churchyard he was 
buried. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii., page 146. 

GRON, Flintshire, one of the 
pioneers of Methodism in his 
county, was born in the year 
1727. He was the son of Owen. 
Thomas, Murcwd, in the parish 
of Ysgeifiog, Flintshire. His 
parents were natives of Lleyn, 
Carnarvonshire. He was an 
able and talented man, careful 
of his morals and in the habit 
of attending Church. He was 
moreover a considerable poet. 
His conversion took place under 
a sermon by the Rev. Daniel 
Rowland, Llangeitho, in Ty 
Modlen, Llandyrnog. When 25 
years of age he married a pious 
young woman of the name of 
Mary Edwards. Having set- 
tled at Berthen Gron, he ar- 
ranged that preaching services 
should be held in his house. 
This was the start of Methodism 
in Flintshire. Four years later 
he began to preach twenty 
years before the chapel at 
Berthen was erected. He en- 
dured much persecution on ac- 
count of his religion, and was 
dispossessed by his landlord's 
steward of a lead mine solely 
because he would not discon- 
tinue his connection with Meth- 
odism. By this act he had to 
sacrifice about ^"3,000.- In about 



twelvemonths afterwards the 
steward came upon a fearful 
death ; five men who witnessed 
his ravings were led to join the 
Methodists. John Owen labour- 
ed hard for Christ and His 
cause. In 1775 he built a chapel 
at Berthen Gron, almost entire- 
ly at his own cost. The follow- 
ing year, when he was about 
forty-nine years of age, he died 
at Llangurig, near Llanidloes, 
on his way home from Llan- 
geitho, whither he had gone to 
invite Mr. Rowland to come 
to the opening of the chapel he 
had erected. His mortal re- 
mains were brought home and 
buried in the presence of an im- 
mense crowd in Ysgeifiog 
churchyard. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii., page 130; 
Cofiant y Parch. Thomas 
Jones, Dinbych, page 24. 

MAIR, Montgomeryshire, was a 
native of Llanbrynmair, where 
he began to preach. He was. 
ordained at Bala, June i4th, 
1837. I a I ^4 I h e went to 
America, and resided at Rem- 
sen, where he died on October 
4th of the same year, aged 53. 
Y Gymdeithasfa, pages 124 and 
482 ; Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii., page 341. 

LLANERCHRUGOG, Denbighshire. 
Little is known of this brother 
beyond that he was for a short 
time in the ministry of the Gos- 
pel and that he died young. 

The exact date of his death is 
not known. 

Anglesea, was one of the preach- 
ers of Anglesea of the second 
period. He was considered a 
sensible preacher, but rather 
dry. He enjoyed in early life 
more educational advantages 
than the majority of those who 
engaged in the Methodist min- 
istry in his day. For some 
reason or other he discontinued 
preaching before the end of his 
days. Methodistiaeth Man, 
page 115. 

THERIN, Denbighshire, com- 
menced to preach towards the 
close of the eighteenth century, 
about the same time as Mr. Da- 
vid Hughes, Llanrwst, the fa- 
ther of the Rev. Hugh Hughes, 
Llanrwst. He had a daughter 
Mrs. Hannah Griffiths who 
lived at St. Asaph for many 
years, and who, though an 
octogenarian, won several prizes 
at literary meetings. 

shire, was one of the early 
preachers of Lleyn. Preaching 
services were held in his house. 
In 1769, even a Monthly Meet- 
ing was held there. There was 
no chapel built in the district 
until the year 1811, fully fifty 
years after the start of Meth- 
odism in the district. At the 
time of the rupture between 
Harris and Rowland, he sided 



strongly for a time with the 
former. His views on some 
Biblical texts were rather con- 
fused, but he held firmly to the 
fundamental doctrines. 

UCHAF, Lleyn, was one of the 
early preachers of Methodism 
in Lleyn. He had a fine pre- 
sence, and was well-trained in 
the true faith. His preaching 
ability was clear and his ser- 
mons were Scriptural. He died 
in the prime of life from con- 
sumption. Drych yr Amser- 
oedd, page 189. 

Lleyn, was one of the early 
preachers in his circle, and 
faithfully rendered what little 
service was possible to him to 
the Lord's cause whilst he lived. 

WRTYD, Breconshire, was a 
bright and shining light in his 
day, reflections of which still 
flicker in some of the villages 
and valleys of the county where 
he resided during the later 
years of his life. Though so 
long a time has passed away 
since he left " the land of the 
dying" for "the land of the 
living," his name is still fra- 
grant in many circles. 

He was a native of Carmar- 
thenshire, and was born at 
Llwyndiriad, in the parish of 
Cayo, Feb. i3th, 1760. Whsn 
he was but twelve years of age 
he threw in. his lot with those 
who were on the side of the 

Gospel, and continued faithful 
in the service of the Lord to the 
end of his life. When quite a 
lad, he frequently went great 
distances to hear the Gospel 
preached, and for some years 
went regularly every month to 
the Communion service at Llan- 
geitho. When but eighteen he 
entered upon the work of the 
ministry, and at the same time 
proceeded to Lady Hunting- 
don's College at Trevecca to 
quality himself the . better for 
his work. His friends at home 
pressed him to throw himself at 
once into the work of preach- 
ing, as the labourers were few, 
and the work that needed to be 
done was great, so he remained 
at Trevecca but three months. 
Mr. W. Llwyd, Cayo, an emin- 
ent lay preacher, and a man 
of great influence, joined in 
urging him to pursue this 
course, and even drew out for 
him a short tour through the 
county. There was a powerful 
revival going on at the time, 
and Parry imbibed much of its 
spirit, and feared to return to 
Trevecca, lest he should lose the 
opportunity of serving Christ 
and saving souls. Whilst at 
Trevecca he was induced on 
one occasion to attempt preach- 
ing in English, but he felt so 
much in shackles that he said 
it would be better for him to 
give up as, possibly, no one un- 
derstood him. The Countess 
herself was present and full of 


2 35 

.sympathy with him, replied, 
"Go on, go on, we understand 
you perfectly," and he then 
went on with his discourse. 

About the year 1798 he re- 
.moved to Llanwrtyd, where he 
henceforth resided. 

During his whole public life, 
he was a popular and success- 
ful preacher, labouring in 
.and out of season in the cause 
of his Master. . He was one of 
the first batch of lay preachers 
chosen for ordination at Llan- 
dilo in iSii. His ministry 
was chiefly such as to touch the 
conscience. The most callous 
were often compelled to feel 
deeply under his ministry. An 
elderly sister one day said to a 
very hard and ungodly man 
-who seemed utterly thoughtless 
of his soul, " There is one 
thing you never think about 
that is the welfare of your 
soul." " You make a great 
mistake," he said, " whenever I 
hear David Parry preach I am 
compelled to think about it." 
Much unction and power fre- 
quently attended his preaching. 
On one occasion at an Associa- 
tion held in Glamorganshire, 
there were present many of the 
most gifted and popular minis- 
ters, and some of them had had 
very glorious services. Before 
the close, David Parry was 
called upon to preach, and the 
power of the Lord was so mani- 
fest that the Rev. Ebenezer Mor- 
-ris, who was present, remarked 

that " it seemed as if the Lord 
had covenanted to bless what 
David Parry would say." 

He travelled much both in 
North and South Wales declar- 
ing the unsearchable riches of 
Christ, and warning sinners to 
flee from the wrath to come. 

In his death he found much 
comfort and support from the 
truths he had; preached in his 
life. When he was in the 
deep waters, he said, that the 
Rock was firm under his feet, 
and he repeatedly shouted 
"Hallelujah, Hallelujah." He 
slept in Jesus, April 27th, 1821, 
aged sixty-one years. Method- 
istiaeih Cymru, vol. iii., page 



shire, was an eminently success- 
ful worker for Christ and 
Methodism. He was born at 
Llysbychan, in the parish of 
Llansannan, in 1723. He had 
but little educational advant- 
ages, yet he could read and 
write Welsh, and had some 
measure of the poetic gift 
which secured for him the 
friendship of the Welsh bard 
"Twm o'r Nant." He com- 
posed in his early years several 
Interludes. Until he was 
eighteen years of age he worked 
with -his father on the farm, 
Llysbychan, Llansannan. He 
was then apprenticed to a car- 
penter, and he pursued that 
craft for some years. In 1746, 


he married Gwen, the daughter 
of Mr. David Hughes, Plas- 
bigad, Llansannan, and took 
the small farm of Cefnbyr, at 
the same time working at his 
trade as a carpenter. In com- 
pany with ten or a dozen others, 
he attended a preaching service 
at Henllys, in the parish of 
Llanfairtalhaiarn, when Da- 
fydd William Rhys, from South 
Wales, was the preacher, and 
the truth as it is in Jesus reach- 
ed his heart. Up to this time 
he had lived after the fashion 
of the world, but now he 
passed from death unto life, 
and became a new creature in 
Christ Jesus. He got Dafydd 
William Rhys to preach at his 
house, which was the first 
opened in the parish of Llan- 
sannan for the Methodists. This 
awakened the rage of the 
clergyman of the parish, and 
also his landlord, who threaten- 
ed that unless he discontinued 
his connection with the Meth- 
odists, he should leave the farm. 
To this threat he calmly re- 
plied, " Your land, sir, is but 
for a season, but religion is to 
last for ever." Before he left 
the farm, he met with Mr. 
Foulkes of Wenallt, another 
landlord in the neighbourhood, 
to whom he told his trouble, 
and who gave him a plot of 
ground on which to buiM a 
house for himself, and attached 
to it some fields. He called 
this house Tanyfron a name 

which has become well known 
in the Methodist world of North. 
Wales. About the year 1749. 
he began to preach. But when, 
the rupture between Rowland 
and Harris took place in 1751, 
he took it to heart and lost much, 
of his Methodist zeal ; indeed, 
he went back for a time to the- 
Established Church, still con- 
tinuing his labours against the; 
evil practices of the country. 
About the year 1761, he took 
Brynbugad farm. In 1763, he 
buried his first wife, and after 
about two years he married 
Ann Roberts, the widow of" 
Henry Roberts, Arllwyd. She. 
and her first husband had been, 
to Trevecca to see how matters- 
were conducted, purposing, if 
they were satisfied, to remain, 
there, but they thought best to- 
return to Arllwyd, and shortly- 
after, the husband died, and 
later she married Edward. 
Parry. By this time he 
had begun a second time to- 
preach. In the year 1767, 
church meetings began to be- 
held at Brynbugad, which be- 
came very popular. People as- 
sembled there from eight or ten. 
parishes to hear the Gospel 
preached, and many were those- 
who were led to believe. Parry- 
himself went forth to preach in 
new districts, pioneering the 
way for other and less courage- 
ous men. Thus, Methodism, 
spread .and rooted itself in the 
country round about at Hen- 



Han, Llannefydd, Abergele, 
Llanfairtalhaiarn, Gwytherin, 
Llangernyw, and other places. 
He was pre-eminent for his 
ability in opening new dis- 
tricts for the Gospel. He 
was a natural speaker, a 
great reader of Welsh hooks, 
and thus a man of wider know- 
ledge than the majority of the 
people. He did not travel much 
through distant parts of the 
country, but occasionally visit- 
ed Anglesea, Carnarvonshire, 
and Flintshire ; and on one oc- 
casion he went to London. Ere 
long Brynbugad became too 
small for the congregations 
which assembled, so a site was 
given him by the landlord of 
Tanyfron on which to build a 
chapel. This took place in 
1773. After ten years of earnest 
work, he resolved to retire from 
Brynbugad, purposing to con- 
secrate himself more entirely to 
itinerate in connection with the 
Gospel, but ill-health overtook 
him, and a fever set in which 
proved fatal on September i6th, 
1786, when he was 63 years of 
age. He published several 
small books which did much to 
dispel the darkness which over- 
hung the district. Among 
others was a small collection of 
Hymns, entitled " Ychydig o 
Hymnau na buont yn argraff- 
edig erioed o'r blaen, o waith 
Edward Parry, o blwyf Llan- 
sannan, yn Sir Ddinbych, ac 
hefyd o waith Wm. Evans, o'r 

Fedw Arian, gerllaw y Bala, yn 
Sir Feirionydd. Argraffwyd 
dros ddyn tlawd a elwir Wil- 
liam Ellis trwy ganiatad y 
brodyr ynghymanfa Caerwys." 
Some of his hymns are still 
sung, such as 

"Blant afradlon, at eich Tad, 
Dewch mae croeso," &c. 

" Caned nef a daear latvr 
Fe gaed ffynon, &c." 

A memorial stone to his mem- 
ory was put up by public sub- 
scription in front of the chapel 
at Llansannan, in 1904, on 
which is the following inscrip- 
tion : 


Bryn Bugad. 
1722 1786 

Pregethwr yr Efengyl a. Seren Fore y 
Diwygiad Methodistaidd yn y parthau 


Plannodd adyfrhaodd winllanoedd Duw. 

Codwyd gan Gyfarfod Misol Dyffryn 

Clwyd, 1904. 

Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., 
page 142 ; Cofiant y Parch. 
Thomas Jones, Dinbych, page 


was a native of Chester. 

TRY, was a native of Llanuwch- 
llyn, Merionethshire, where he 
began to preach. He pursued 
his vocation as a preacher for 
24 years, and was remarkable 
for his faithfulness in trie 
Lord's vineyard. He died Janu- 
ary 1 4th, 1842, aged forty-five 
years, after a long and painful 


illness, which he bore with 
much patience. Rev. John 
Hughes, Pontrobert, says of him 
in a Galargan, 

" Cofio 'rwyf am Parry duwiol 

O Groesoswallt aetli i'w fedd, 
Ffyddlon a defnyddiol ydoedd. 

Cariodd genadwri hedd. 
Pump a deugain o flynyddau 

Hyny ydoedd dyddiau 'i oes, 
O honynt pedair blwydd ar hugain 

Bu'n pregethu anjjeu'r Groes." 

Y Drysorfa, -vol. xii., page 64; 
vol. xiii., page 14; Cronicl yr 

YsgoZ Sabbothol, 1881, page 

was in his day a man of con- 
siderable importance in connec- 
tion with Methodism, both as 
a preacher and as a litterateur. 
For some years he was the lead- 
er of the Flintshire Monthly 
Meeting, and a favourite supply 
in the churches of Liverpool, 
London, Manchester, and 
other important circles. He 
never travelled much in 
South Wales, but made 
several excursions through the 
Churches of North Wales. He 
had the bearing of a dignified 
ecclesiastic : in his later years, 
he invariably wore a velvet cap 
at the services he attended, and 
his appearance was most vener- 
able. In his speech he was in- 
clined to be slow, and his tone 
was rather in the minor key. 
He took a prominent part in 

1813, in the formation of the 
Home Missionary Society for 
the evangelization specially of 

the Marches near Chester-; 
where the people were in gross- 
ignorance of the Gospel, and 
utterly indifferent to their soul's- 
welfare. He also had a hand 
in the composition of the Con- 
fession of Faith in the year 
1823, and of the Constitutional 
Deed three years later. When 
he died, it was felt that a 
prince in Israel had fallen. 

He was born at Groeslon-grii- 
gan, in the parish of Llandwr- 
og, Carnarvonshire, May 7th, 
1775. His father was Owen 
Parry, who was a blacksmith 
by trade, and the son of Henry 
Parry, a farmer and gardener 
living in Tyddyn-Heilyn, in 
the parish of Llanwyndaf. His 
mother was Jane Morris, who, 
previous to her marriage, was 
in the service of Lord New- 
borough, as house keeper, at 
Glyn-Llifon. She was a 

daughter of Morris and Elin 
Williams, of Gegin-fain, near 
Dinas, in the parish of Llan- 
wyndaf. Soon after their mar- 
riage, his parents went to live 
at Llanfair, near Plasnewydd, 
Anglesea, where they remained 
about eighteen months, and then 
removed to Groeslon-grugan. 
They had six children, of whom 
John was the third. The first 
school he attended was one of 
Mrs. Sevan's Circulating Welsh 
Schools at Bryn-yr-odyn. In 
June, 1787, he went to a school 
founded by Lord Newborough 
at Ffrwd-yr-ysgyfarnog. The 


2 39- 

teacher was Mr. David Wilson, 
a near relative of Wilson, the 
landscape painter. He was for 
a time also in a school at Llan- 
llyfni, conducted by John Ro- 
berts afterwards of Llangwm ; 
and also in Mr. Evan Richard- 
son's school at Carnarvon. In 
September, 1793, he went to 
Liverpool to learn navigation, 
and upon his return home, he 
opened a school at Brynsiencyn, 
Anglesea, and conducted it for 
five years. He had previously, 
when seventeen years of age, 
joined the church at Brynyr- 
odyn. He began to preach De- 
cember 25th, 1797. In Novem- 
ber, 1798, he left his school for 
Manchester to study Greek and 
Hebrew. He remained there 
but a few months, and, re- 
opened his school at Brynsien- 
cyn. He had been here but a 
short time, when he made a 
preaching excursion through the 
greater part of -North Wales. In 
February, 1800, he opened a 
school at Holyhead, making at 
intervals rather long preaching 
excursions. On August i5th, 
1804, he married Miss Bellis, 
Caerfallwch, in the parish of 
Llaneurgain, Flintshire ; she 
was a niece of the well-known 
preachers John and Humphrey 
Owen, Berthen-gron. On Octo- 
ber 5th, 1804, he finally discon- 
tinued his school, and accom- 
panied by his wife, went to 
London to supply the Welsh 
churches in Wilderness Row, 

the Borough, and Deptford. 
During his stay in the city, he 
assisted the Rev. Thomas 
Charles, in revising the proof 
of the first edition of the Welsh- 
Bible published by the British 
and Foreign Bible Society. He 
remained in London on this 
visit 22 weeks and preached log- 
times. He then resided for a 
time at Caerfallwch with his 
wife's parents. In the summer 
of 1806, he started a Drapery 
business in Chester in the 
Row, near St. Michael's Church, 
Bridge Street. He carried on 
this business for nearly four 
years, at the same time making 
preaching excursions to several 
parts of Wales. But early in 
1810, he discontinued the dra- 
pery business, and started as 
a bookseller, which was far 
more congenial to his taste ; this 
business he carried on to the 
end of his life, though he re- 
moved his residence once or 
twice. On May 2nd, 1811, he 
had the great sorrow of losing 
his wife. In August of the 
following year he married Miss-. 
Langford, a native of Chester, 
who was a pious and sensible 
lady, and aided him much in 
his business. In 1814, he was 
ordained at Bala. Whilst 
serving the Welsh churches in 
London in 1817, his portrait 
was taken for the Evangelical 
Magazine, in which periodical 
the portraits of several Welsh 
Ministers from time to time 



appeared. In Nov., 1818, he 
legan to publish ' a monthly 
periodical entitled GOLEUAD 
GWYNEDD, price threepence, and 
.at the beginning of 1821, at the 
request of friends in South 
'Wales, its named was changed 
to OLEUAD CYMRU, and its price 
.raised to f ourpence. These peri- 
odicals were strictly undeno- 
minational. In 1827, he start- 
ed publishing a Commentary on 
portions of the Bible, but the 
only part completed was the 
book of Isaiah. Though con- 
siderable information regard- 
ing the Methodists appeared in 
the OLEUAD CYMRU, the friends 
of Methodism felt the need of a 
periodical devoted entirely to 
the interests of their own deno- 
mination, so Mr. Parry was 
.asked to discontinue the OLEUAD 
CYMRU, and publish in its stead 
the DHYSORFA, which was to be 
.a Methodist Connexional Maga- 
.zine. He acceded to the re- 
quest, and on January ist, 1831, 
the new series of the DRYSOP.FA 
.-appeared, which has been con- 
tinued ever since. He edited 
it until his death. His minis- 
terial, literary, and commercial 
labours were abundant. He 
preached much in English on 
the Goror, and in the chapels of 
Philip Oliver in Chester and 
the district. He took an active 
part in the work of the Hvish 
-church in Chester and vas a 
tower of strength to it. In his 
"later years he suffered much 

from deafness, through a cold 
which he took whea preaching 
in the street at an Association at 
Llanfyllin. His multitudinous 
labours told upon his health 
and strength which gradually 
waxed weaker, and resulted in 
his death April a8th, 1846, aged 
71 years, after having been a 
preacher of the Gospel for near- 
ly 50 years ; and a resident at 
Chester for 40 years. He was 
buried in St. John's churchyard. 
He left a widow and three 
children to deplore his loss 
one son, Elias, was a minister 
in London, having the charge 
of one of Lady Huntingdon's 
churches ; his second son carried 
on the business in Chester, and 
his daughter, who was married, 
lived at Abergele. 

His literary works were the 
following : i. " Cofiant am y 
diweddar Barchedig John 
Brown, Gweinidog yr Efengyl 
yn Scotland." ii. " Drychau 
Cywir : yn dangos Athraw- 
iaethau Mr. Owen Davies yn yr 
Ymddiddanion rhwng dau 
Gymmydog, Hyffordd a Ber- 
ead.' ? This was printed at 
Bala. iii. " Gorph o Dduwin- 
yddiaeth, yn ofynion ac ateb- 
ion, gan y Parch. John Brown 
o Scotland." This was pub- 
lished in 1811. iv. "Rhodd 
Mam i'w Phlentyn." In 1813 
it was translated into English, 
v. " Gweddillion Detholedig 
J. Mason." vii. " Gramadeg 
Hebraeg, er cyfarwyddid i'r 



Cymro Uniaith i ddysgu dar- 
llen a deall Hebraeg yn gywir 
a rheolaidd, heb gynorthwy 
Athraw." vii. He began to 
publish " Goleuad Gwynedd." 
viii. Rheolau Ysgolion Sabboth- 
ol Sir Fflint." ix. " Cofnod- 
au Byrion am y Brenin Sior 
III. x. " Pedwar Cyflwr Dyn" 
o waith y Parch. T. Boston, xi. 
"Gramadeg o'r iaith Gymraeg." 
xii. " Esboniad ar Lyfr y 
Prophwyd Esaiah." xiii 
" Rhodd Tad i'w blant." xiv. 
"Peroriaeth Hyfryd, neu Gasgl- 
iad o gant o Donau." xv. "Per- 
ygl a Dyledswydd, neu ychydig 
eiriau ar Babyddiaeth a Phusey- 
aeth" (a translation). xvi. 
"Bedydd ac Ail Enedigaeth, ar 
ddull o Gatecism." 

His Memoir entitled " Cof- 
iant y diweddar Barchedig John 
Parry o Gaerlleon," written, as 
is supposed, by his great friend 
ERFYL, was published in 1849. 

PARRY, MR. SIGN, Carmar- 
thenshire. In an Elegy writ- 
ten by Morgan Rhys, the fol- 
lowing lines are found : 

" Sion Parry fu ini'nfuddioliawn, 

Yn llawn o ddawn nefolaidd, 
Egniol yn llefaru'r gwir. 

Sef geiriau pur y maw redd ; 
Tros fynyddau mawrion Cymru, 

O Gaerdydd i dre' Caergybi, 
Nes i ryw afie.chyd fagu 

Tan ei fron a'i ddwyn i'w viely, 
Diangodd ef yn llawen iawn, 

Cyn y prydnawn i fyny." 

From these lines it is evident 
that Mr. Parry travelled much 
in Wales as a preacher of the 
everlasting Gospel and that he 

died rather young. In the sec- 
ond part of the Elegy, the poet 
urges Parry's friends even to 
rejoice at his early death. 

" Cyfeillion a pherth'nasau Parry, 
Molw ch lesu am ei dynu 
O dreuni'r byd mor gynar, 
A chael nefoedd yn lie daiar." 

Casgliad o Hen Farwnadau 
Cymreig, page 55. 

RUG, Carnarvonshire, died in 
the year 1844. He was a pro- 
mising young preacher, and 
had entered Bala College to 
qualify himself the better for 
the life of a minister. He at- 
tended to his studies with a 
closeness of application be- 
yond what his health and 
strength would allow, with the 
result that he was cut down 
early in life. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xiv., page 222. 

FYNYDD, Merionethshire, was 
born in the parish of Llan- 
gower, near Bala, November 
2oth, 1779, but he was brought 
up chiefly at Bala with his 
uncle, David Rowland, the 
father of the Rev. David Row- 
land, Llidiardau. He had a 
fairly good elementary educa- 
tion, according to his station in 
life, and he became able to 
speak English freely. He spent 
many of his early years after 
the fashion of worldly youths, 
finding his chief delight in foot- 
ball. When he came of age, he 
was apprenticed to Mr. John 



Davies, Saddler, one of the eld- 
ers of the church at Bala, by 
whom he was led to attend the 
means of grace. He was often 
deeply impressed by the ser- 
mons he heard, but found it 
difficult to break away from 
his evil habits. When he heard 
Mr. Robert Roberts, Clynnog, 
announced to preach, he would 
strive to live well until the ser- 
aphic preacher came, and then 
he would be preserved for some 
weeks from yielding to 
the temptations which fre- 
quently beset him. One Satur- 
day evening he was led to hear 
the Rev. John Evans, New Inn, 
preach, and the Spirit of God 
blessed the sermon to his con- 
version. He then joined the 
church at Bala. When he was 
about 23 years of age, he began 
to preach, and soon attained to 
considerable popularity : his 
fine physique, geniality of dis- 
position, sweetness of voice, 
and the importance of his theme 
contributing to this end. His 
sermons would often contain 
short, crisp sentences, which 
went home to the hearts of his 
hearers, such as when preach- 
ing on union with Christ, he 
drew the attention of .the people 
through the following words, 
" My hearers, there is a way 
to hell from everywhere except 
from Christ ; but if you become 
united to Him, you will lose 
for ever the way to that un- 
happy place." He spent 

twenty-one years at Bala, from 
where he made frequent preach- 
ing tours through both North 
and South Wales. In 1823, he 
married Catherine, the widow of 
Mr. Thomas Roberts, Trawsfyn- 
ydd, and at the same time re- 
moved there to reside : he 
spent the last twelve years of 
his life at Trawsfynydd. He 
was ordained in 1827. In 1832. 
a stone fell upon his foot, giv- 
ing his system a great shock 
and confined him to his house 
for many months : indeed he 
never preached much after this, 
event. He died April 26th, 
1835, anc ^ was buried i n Traws- 
fynydd churchyard. Hants 
Methodistiaeth Gorllewin Meir- 
ionydd, vol. ii., page 161 ; 432 ; 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i.,. 
page 167. 

NEATH, Glamorganshire, is re- 
ferred to as a co-worker with 
Howel Harris. 

Carmarthenshire, sometimes 
spoken of 'as J.obn Phillips, 
Conwil, was one of the early 
exhorters of Methodism in his 
county, and although not a. 
great preacher, his ministry 
was very acceptable. He was- 
considered a very good man, 
and was greatly esteemed on ac- 
count of his godly character. 
The Rev. Joshua Phillips, Bane- 
yfelin, was his son. He died 
February i7th, 1842, aged 92 
years, after having been a 



preacher for 59 years. Y Dry- 
sorfa, vol. xii., page 128. 

was a preacher in 1777. 

LOES, was a native of Carnar- 
vonshire. He lived for some 
time in service at Llangeitho, 
where he first began to draw 
attention to himself as a Christ- 
ian, and also began to preach. 
Notwithstanding his many dis- 
advantages, he succeeded 
through his earnest application 
in acquiring much general 
knowledge, and in learning 
sufficient English to translate, 
in conjunction with Robert 
Jones, Rhoslan, a portion of 
Gurnal's works into Welsh. On 
the occasion of his marriage he 
removed to Llanidloes and was 
enabled to itinerate without hav- 
ing any worldly cares to oc- 
cupy and harass his thoughts. 
He was naturally of a rather 
low-spirited disposition, taking 
a pessimistic view of affairs. 
His companion on his itiner- 
ancies usually was Edward 
Watkins, Llanidloes, who, was 
fortunately, of an opposite cast 
of mind, cheerful and sanguine, 
and who readily succeeded in 
overcoming Pierce's fears. The 
tales told of the two are many 
and ludicrous. Pierce died 
Feb. i, 1793. He is said to have 
been a very powerful preacher, 
and unusually able in conduct- 
ing church meetings. Mefhod- 
istiaetli Cymru, vol. ii., page 

258; Drych yr Amseroedd, page 



one of the early preachers of 
Methodism in Glamorganshire. 
He is said to have been a mait 
of much intellectual power, and' 
to have exercised considerable- 
influence in furthering the in- 
terests of Methodism. After a. 
time he embraced the doctrines: 
of Sandemanianism, and did 
much harm to the infant cause - 
of Methodism at Swansea and 
its neighbourhood. 

gomeryshire was one of the- 
earliest supporters of Howel 
Harris in his county. But his- 
day was shorr; he passed away 
before he lost his first love. He 
was truly devoted to his work, 
and gave much time to visit the- 
sick in his neighbourhood, in- 
structing and comforting them 
in their day of trouble. He- 
was highly respected by all 
classes. Reference is made to 
him in the Trevecca Minutes as- 
an earnest and active preacher. 

CRICKHOWEL, Breconshire, was 
a devout and godly man, though 
not a great preacher. A rather 
remarkable story is related of 
him in connection with a solici- 
tor who resided at Crickhowel, 
with whom he one day walked" 
from Abergavenny. Talking 
about religion, the solicitor 
openly avowed himself an in- 
fidel who believed neither in 



God nor the devil, nor heaven 
nor hell. Powel was greatly 
shocked at this, and told him 
that he would come to believe, 
.and that speedily. Ere long 
the solicitor was taken seriously 
ill, and began to feel how base- 
less his principles were. He 
-urged upon his friends to send 
for William Powel ; and when 
he came to his bedside, the dy- 
ing man said : " Your words, 
William Powel, are verified. 
Oh that I had two hours to live ! 
Oh for one hour ! For half-an- 
hourJ! for a minute!" With 
the word he died. Powel did 
much for the cause of Method- 
ism in the district of Crick- 
"howel. He died when fulfilling 
an engagement at Troed yr 
Tiarn, near Brecon, where re- 
ligious services were held, and 
where the few Methodists in 
Brecon at the time attended on 
Sunday evenings. This was in 
1797. His remains were buried 
in Crickhowel churchyard. 


LLANERCHRUGOG, Denbighshire, 

is included in the list of earl} r 

preachers of Flintshire in V 

Gymdeiihasfa, page 477. 

ARCH, Breconshire, was one of 
the first batch of students, un- 
der the Rev. D. Charles, B.A., 
at Trevecca. No one thought 
when he began to preach that 
he would make a mark as a 
preacher. He was slow of 
speech, and retiring and humble 

in disposition : almost too shy 
to speak to any one. But he was 
a sincere Christian, and it was 
found, during the short period 
he exercised his gifts, that he 
was better qualified for the work 
of the ministry than was at first 
thought. His period of ser- 
vice terminated just as his 
course at Trevecca came to an 
end. He was taken ill and died, 
August, 1846, aged 36 years, and 
his mortal remains were buried 
near the Methodist chapel at 
Talgarth. Methodistiaeih Cym. 
ru, vol. iii., page 342 ; personal 

LWYS (formerly of Llandinam), 
Montgomeryshire, was the son 
of Richard and Ann Price, 
Cefn-carnedd, in the parish of 
Llandinam. He was born May 
roth, 1808. He was brought 
up. in the Methodist church, and 
his conduct from a lad was most 
praiseworthy and exemplary. 
He was received into full mem- 
bership in his seventeenth year, 
and started upon the work of 
the ministry in his twentieth. 
After his father's death, he re- 
moved with his mother to Caer- 
sws, and was of great service to 
the little church in the village. 
In the summer of 1836 he mar- 
ried Ann, the daughter of Mr. 
Daniel Jerman, Glyngwdan. 
He was ordained to the full 
work of the ministry at Bala, 
June, 1837. The following year, 
he removed with his wife to 



Birchin Home, near Trefeg- 
Iwys. But his health soon be- 
gan to give way, and, rather 
unexpectedly, on March 23rd, 
1839, his immortal spirit took 
its flight to the heavenly land. 
His last words were, " no one 
shall pluck them out of my Fa- 
ther's hand." His mortal re- 
mains were buried in Llan- 
dinam churchyard. His physi- 
cal constitution was weak, but 
his mental faculties were 
strong, and adorned with the 
graces of the Holy Spirit. A 
short appreciative sketch of 
him and an Elegy to his mem- 
ory by the Rev. John Hughes, 
Pontrobert, appeared in the 
Drysorfa for July, 1839. One 
of his sermons, which appeared 
in the Drysorfa, Sept., 1839, re- 
veals him to have been a very 
superior preacher. 

GOSWYDD, Breconshire, was a 
humble exhorter of the earliest 
period of Methodism. He did 
not go far afield in his lab- 
bours. Until a chapel was built 
at Gorwydd, the services were 
held in his house, and were con- 
tinued for some years. 

NANT, Glamorganshire, was 
born in the neighbourhood of 
Gorwydd, Breconshire, but 
spent the later years of his life 
at Creunant, -after having con- 
ducted a .day school for three 
years at Aberdare. He began 
to preach either at Gorwydd or 

Builth, Breconshire. Usually, 
he was a very ordinary preach- 
er, but at times he had most 
powerful services. On one oc- 
casion when on an itinerancy 
with the Rev. William Havard, 
he had at the beginning of his 
sermon much freedom and 
unction, but as he proceeded he 
lost both features, and began to 
flounder in the dark. At the 
close of the service, he asked 
Shenkyn Penhydd, who was pre- 
sent, how was it so? " Oh, I'll 
tell you," he said, " at the be- 
ginning of the service, when all 
went well with you, the devil 
came and patted you on the 
back, saying, c Well done, Tom 
Price, you are doing it splen- 
didly;' and you responded to 
him and said also, Well done, 
Tom Price.' You thus offend- 
ed your Master, and he with- 
drew the light from you."" 
About the year 1800, he re- 
moved to Aberdare where he 
conducted a day-school, for 
about three years, whence, as 
already said, he removed to 
Creunant. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii., pages 88, 335. 
FORD, Glamorganshire, was the 
father-in-law of Grace Price to 
whom William Williams com- 
posed one of his most famous 
elegies. He was called "justice- 
Price." The likelihood is that 
he was converted under the 
ministry of Howel Harris. His 
house thenceforth became a 



great centre of the Methodist 
movement. He left Watford 
chapel when its minister, David 
Williams, embraced heterodox 
views, and he joined the Meth- 
odists at Groeswen. He was 
.appointed, jointly with Thomas 
Williams, superintendent of a 
.number of societies in Glamor- 
ganshire. He was one of the 
five preachers at Groeswen who 
signed the letter to Cayo Asso- 
ciation, and continued his mem- 
bership at Groeswen after the 
ordination of a minister ; yet he 
considered himself a Methodist, 
.and the leaders continued to 
meet at his house from time to 
lime. As he suffered consider- 
ably from asthma, he discon- 
tinued his preaching exercises 
some time before his death. 

LLEYN, and his brother CHARLES, 
through their ministry in the 
early years of Methodism, were 
made a blessing to many, 
though their ministerial gifts 
were not of a high order. Both 
had grace to continue active and 
faithful to the end of their 

PWLLHELI. His name is in 
the list of deceased preachers of 
Lleyn and Eifionydd in the 
Drysorfa for 1836. 

WINTER, Flintshire, was a na- 
tive of Carnarvonshire, and 
was providentially led to reside 
at Plaswinter, where he entered 

upon a religious life and be- 
came of great service to the 
cause of God throughout the 
district. He is supposed to 
have been converted at Berthen 
Gron Chapel. He was a man 
of very limited education and 
of small abilities. His voice 
shook, and his style of delivery 
was monotonous. Yet, it is 
stated, that he would occasion- 
ally preach with great power : 
at a service conducted by him 
at Tanyfron, Llansannan, it is 
recorded that thirty souls were 
converted. He was hardly able 
to handle any doctrine except 
the fall in Adam and salvation 
through Christ. In his manner 
he was rough and uncouth, yet 
the Lord blessed his ministry 
to many. He was the first 
Methodist who preached at 
Chester. This was in 1789. He 
was among the earliest also 
who preached in Liverpool. He 
often preached on the highways 
and hedges near his home, and 
also in his own house. He died 
August 13, 1809, aged 71 years, 
having been a preacher for 53 
years. Methodistiaeth Cymru. 
vol. iii., page 148. 

PRYS, MR. ROWLAND, was one 
of the earliest preachers in Car- 
narvonshire. He was one of 
the first to preach at Llan- 

CASTLE, Breconshi're, was a na- 
tive of Cardiganshire, and was 
born at Cwmtowy ,in the parish 
of Dewi, in the year 1742. His 


2 47 

father intended that he should 
be a clergyman, and had him 
educated accordingly at the Ys- 
tradmeurig School until he was 
20 years of age. About that 
time, in company with a friend, 
he went to Llangeitho to hear 
and see for themselves the ex- 
citing scenes that were reported 
as taking place there, and to 
make sport thereof. They heard 
Rowland preach, and the truth 
pierced Prytherch's heart. A 
complete change took place in 
his aim and life. He soon 
joined the Methodists at Bron- 
yr-helm, a place not far from 
his home. His father was sore- 
ly grieved with him for doing 
so, arid resolved that he should 
no longer remain in school, but 
come home to work on the farm. 
This did not check John in his 
resolve to follow the new course 
of life he had entered upon. 
When he was twenty-one years 
of age he began to preach. His 
father, shortly after this, quar- 
relled with his brother regard- 
ing a sheep walk, and therefore 
removed to Blaensawdde, in the 
parish of Llanddeusant, Car- 
marthenshire. The people at 
Llanddeusant, hearing that 
John had received a good educa- 
tional training, induced him to 
open a school in the parish 
church, which he conducted for 
some years. He did so, in ad- 
dition to preaching, until he 
was forty-six years of age, 
when he married Miss Win- 
stone, from the neighbourhood 

of Pentrefelin, Breconshire. He 
then removed to a small farm 
named Ffosddu, near Tre- 
castle. In five years' time he 
removed again to a small farm 
named Pantcrafog-ucha, where 
he remained until his death, 
which took place in the year 
1802. He was highly thought 
of as a preacher, and suffered 
considerable: persecution when 
on his preaching tours, both in 
North and South Wales. Many 
a time he was pelted with stones 
and rotten eggs. On one occa- 
sion his life was greatly en- 
dangered through the severity 
of the treatment which he re- 
ceived. So bitter was Mr. 
Evans, the vicar of Llywel, 
against him, that he refused his 
corpse burial rites, though 
these rites were never refused 
to drunkards, adulterers, or in- 
fidels. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. iii., page 352; Enwogion 
Ceredigion, page 195. 

LAIS, Glamorganshire, was the 
son of Rowland Pugh, who re- 
moved from Montgomeryshire 
to Merthyr Tydfil, where he 
was a deacon in Pontmorlais 
church for many years. Eben- 
ezer was a member at Dowlais, 
where he began to preach. He 
was of a lovely spirit, and had 
a winsome style in preaching. 
He won the esteem of all 
classes, rich and poor, and the 
followers of Christ of all de- 
nominations. He died in the 
prime of life, when he was but 



40 years of age. Two of his 
sons entered the ministry 
Revs. John Pugh, B.A., Holy- 
well, and Ebenezer Pugh, 
Llwydcoed, Aberdare. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii., 
page 86. 

HANGEL, Merionethshire, was 
born August i, 1749. He ex- 
perienced considerable persecu- 
tion because of his preaching 
practices. At the time he com- 
menced preaching, about the 
year 1/89, no Methodist preach- 
er, at least in North Wales, had 
taken the oath and secured a 
license to preach according to 
the Toleration Act, for the 
reason that the leaders of the 
Methodists were reluctant to 
take any action which would 
indicate a renunciation of 
their connection with the Estab- 
lished Church. After he had 
been a preacher for five or six 
years, he arranged to hold a 
service one evening at Towyn, 
Merionethshire. A magistrate 
in the neighbourhood having 
heard of it, ordered a dozen 
soldiers, whom he kept, to seize 
him. Eleven of these went 
armed to William Pugh's house 
early one Friday morning in 
the summer of 1795, and got 
there whilst he was yet in bed. 
He at once accompanied them 
to the magistrate, and he was 
fined .20. Having paid the 
fine he was let free. This led 
him to withhold from preach- 
ing for a few weeks, but he 

again preached at Dolgelley 
one Sabbath evening. He only 
escaped from being fined a 
second time, which would have 
been ^40, through hiding him- 
self until after the Sessions, 
He died September i4th, 1829, 
and was buried in the church- 
yard of Llanfihangel y Pen- 
nant. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. i., page 568; Enwogion 
Swydd Feirion, page 149. 

GARMON, Denbighshire, was a 
native of Gwytherin, where he 
began to preach; but shortly 
afterwards he removed to Capel 
Garmon. He was ordained at 
Bala in June, 1841. His sin- 
cerity as a Christian was above 
suspicion. He was no -formal 
Christian, but " an Israelite in- 
deed, in whom was no guile." 
Humility was a conspicuous 
feature in his character. 
Though he was not remarkable 
for oratorical powers, he was: 
very acceptable as a preacher. 
His Biblical views were clear, 
sensible, and original. His day 
in the vineyard was short, but 
he worked whilst it was day. 
and availed himself of every 
opportunity of serving his Mas- 
ter. He died April 7, 1842, 
having been a preacher for 
twelve years. He was buried 
in the Methodist burial ground, 
Llanrwst. Hanes Methodist- 
iaeth Dwyrain Meirionydd, 
page 550; Y Drysorfa, vol. xii., 
page 223. 



ynu, Carmarthenshire, was the 
son of Rees Rees, Gymrig, 
Llanfynydd, and was born in 
1751. His parents being deeply 
religious, he had the privilege 
of receiving early religious 
training. He was a thoughtful 
and meditative "youth, of a 
quiet temperament, and not 
easily excited; indeed, some of 
his more lively associates were 
inclined to consider that he was 
exposed to the woe pronounced 
upon " those who are at ease in 
Zion." But he rendered yeo- 
man service in His Master's 
Kingdom. It was through much 
entreaty he entered upon the 
work of the ministry, and he 
3'ielded at last rather accident- 
ally through the non-appear- 
ance of an expected preacher. 
This was in 1782. Henceforth 
he preached with great fre- 
quency, continually itinerating 
up and down the country. On 
one occasion, before he had 
taken a license to preach, the 
lot fell upon him to enter the 
army, and notwithstanding 
every appeal, he was compelled 
to go. He was a fine, tall, 
handsome man, and hence the 
military authorities would not 
listen to a substitute being ac- 
cepted. After some time, how- 
ever, through the persistent in- 
tervention of some magistrates, 
he had his release, and at once 
received a license to preach the 
Gospel. He soon became ex- 
ceedingly popular, and attained 

to much influence among his- 
brethren. Many a time he 
visited Bristol and London to- 
fulfil pulpit engagements. He 
was also honoured with being 
chosen among the first lot of" 
lay preachers ordained at Llan- 
dilo. After this he lived but 
seven years. When at Ponty- 
pridd, on his way home from. 
Bristol, he was suddenly seized. 
with some severe pains, which- 
led to his death a few days- 
afterwards, on Sept. ioth, 1818. 
His mortal remains were borne- 
by the friends at Pontypridd to 
Merthyr, thence by Merthyr 
friends to Trecastle; thenc& 
again by friends at Trecastle to 
Llandovery, whence he was 
borne to Llanfynydd, where, 
after a funeral service conduct- 
ed by the Rev. David Charles, 
Carmarthen, he was interred in 
the parish churchyard. Y 
Drysor-ja, vol. xiii., page 235. 

Glamorganshire, was one of the- 
early preachers. 

LLANGEITHO, was one of the 
early preachers. 

Cardiganshire, was born at 
Ffynonnau, not far from Rhiw- 
bwys, in the year 1776. When 
comparatively young, he was 
apprenticed to a hatter at Rhiw- 
bwys", and in course of time he 
became celebrated for his hats, 
and carried on a large business. 
At twenty years of age he mar- 
ried, and five years later he be- 



gan to preach. He was ordained 
at Llangeitho, August, 1826. 
At one time he had a magni- 
ficent voice, and was known as 
the Association Precentor, for 
whenever he was present he was 
appointed to this office. But 
on one of his preaching itin- 
erancies he had a damp bed, 
and ever afterwards his voice 
suffered from its effects. 
Through the calls of his busi- 
ness, he had not much time for 
reading and study, but he was 
-a strong and fresh thinker : 
his sermons always contained 
food for thought. He was also 
an able Sunday School Cate- 
chist. Moreover, he was a 
considerable poet, and pub- 
lished, at the request of his 
Monthly Meeting, elegies to the 
memory of the Revs. Ebenezer 
Morris, David Evans, Aber- 
aeron, and John Williams, 
Lledrod. He died, February i, 
7834, aged 58 years. 

native of Carmarthen, and was 
"born April zoth, 1770. His 
mother was a Wesleyan, and 
sought to train him up in the 
iear and admonition of the Lord. 
At the age of eleven he lost his 
father, and though he was then 
young, he conducted family 
worship regularly. His mother 
"being poor, and having other 
children to provide for, he left 
home, first for Bristol, where 
"he continued his religious prac- 
tices and loved the company of 

the Lord's people ; then he 
proceeded to London, where he 
worked at his business, and, 
like thousands of other youths 
in that great city, he took to the 
ways of the ungodly. But even 
at this time his conscience made 
him very uneasy. Quite acci- 
dentally, he was led one Sab- 
bath morning to attend a ser- 
vice in Providence chapel. The 
preacher was the celebrated 
Mr. W. Huntingdon. The 
truth as it is in Jesus seized 
him, and brought him into His 
service. In 1789, or thereabouts, 
he was married to his first wife 
at St. George's Church, Han- 
over Square, London ; by her 
he had four children. Two 
years later he left London for 
Bristol, where he took an active 
part in Christian work and be- 
gan to preach. About the year 
1796 he returned to his native 
town, and joined the Calvinis- 
tic Methodists, and was re- 
ceived as a preacher. In 1804, 
in consequence of his wife's ill- 
ness, he removed to the neigh- 
bourhood of Laugharne, and 
rendered much service to the 
churches of Pembrokeshire. In 
1807, Mrs. Rees died. That 
same year he visited London, 
and preached for some months 
to the Welsh in Wilderness 
Row. In the year 1810, he re- 
ceived a call to the pastorate of 
the Welsh church at Newport, 
Monmouthshire. His ministry 
here was partly in Welsh and 
partly English. Under his 


ministry, the renowned Morgan 
Howell was converted. In 
iSiij he was ordained at Llan- 
dilo. During his stay at New- 
port he was married the second 
time. In 1814, he accepted a 
call from the Tabernacle church, 
Roxborough, Gloucestershire, 
where he continued eight or 
nine years. He was now in his 
prime. His biographer (his 
daughter, Mrs. Walker), de- 
scribes him as "tall and very 
robust, of a dark complexion, 
full and strong features, his 
eyes fixed and piercing, and a 
brow indicating much thought, 
care, sorrow, and firmness, yet 
benignant. His voice was not 
favourable to him as an orator, 
it being very deep, and always 
hoarse." In 1823, he received 
a call to the pastorate from 
Crown Street Chapel, Soho, 
London, where he laboured 
with great success for nearly 
ten years, supplying also fre- 
quently the largest chapels in 
London Spa Fields, Zion, 
Tottenham Court, the Taber- 
nacle, &c. These spacious 
buildings were frequently too 
small for the multitudes who 
thronged to hear him. How- 
ever, his health gave way, and 
he departed this life Jan. 6th, 
1833, aged 62 years. His re- 
mains were deposited in Crown 
Street Chapel. ''Remains of the 
Rev. John Rees," by Mrs. Walk- 
er; Y Drysor-fa, vol. xvii., 
page i. 

RHYDFENDIGAID, Cardiganshire, 
was a popular and useful min- 
ister, highly esteemed in his 
own Monthly Meeting. He was 
born at Tygwyn, near Capel 
Drindod, on January 27th, 1785. 
His parents were Thomas and 
Mary Rees. He was brought 
up by his mother's father, who 
was a deacon with the Congre- 
gationalists at Horeb Chapel, 
Pembrokeshire. When eleven 
years of age he lost his grand- 
father, and he then returned to 
his parents' home. His trade 
in the first instance was that of 
a weaver, but in consequence of 
failing health, he sought to 
enter the excise. Being unsuc- 
cessful, he took to carpentering. 
He was about twenty-eight 
years of age when he first took 
up the yoke of Christ, and six 
years later he began to preach. 
He at once attained much in- 
fluence among the better class 
of his hearers. In the year 1839 
he accepted a call from the 
church at Pontrhydfendigaid, 
and in 1841 he was ordained at 
Llangeitho. He was a constant 
and hard worker, a great read- 
er and a good thinker, and 
especially able as a Sunday 
School Catechist. He com- 
menced gathering material for 
a history of Methodism in Car- 
diganshire : but in 1845 ^ e to k 
a severe cold, which ended in 
consumption setting in, which 
proved fatal to him on Septem- 
ber 2oth, 1847. Two of his 



sons became ministers : one 
with the Methodists and the 
other with the Congregational- 
ists the former was the Rev. 
Thomas Rees, Taff's Well, and 
the latter the Rev. John Rees, 
Treherbert. Y Drysorfa, 1850, 
65 ; Enwogion Ceredfgion, page 

LAIS, Glamorganshire, was one 
of the early preachers in this 

Pembrokeshire, sometimes spok- 
en of as John Prytherch, died 
July i8th, 1846, aged 46 years. 
He was not much known outside 
his own Monthly Meeting. His 
ministerial gifts were not con- 
sidered bright, yet his know- 
ledge of the Scriptures was 
thorough, and he was highly re- 
spected by those who knew him, 
on account of his faithfulness 
and usefulness. He was able 
to preach both in English and 
Welsh, and for that reason he 
rendered signal service to the 
cause in the district where he re" 
sided and laboured. Two of his 
sons, John Rhydderch, Cerbyd, 
Treffynon, and Thomas Rhydd- 
erch, Hall, were deacons. 

SWYDDFFYNON, Cardiganshire, 
was a native of Lledrod. It is 
believed that he was a black- 
smith by trade, and that the 
Rev. J. Williams, headmaster 
of Ystradmeurig School, was 
his son, and the still better 
known and eminent Archdeacon 

Williams, Cardigan, was his 
grandson. He is sometimes 
confounded with Dafydd Wil- 
liam Dafydd known in later 
years as the Rev; David Wil- 
liams, Llysyfronydd. Both 
travelled much through North 
and South Wales in the early 
history of Methodism. Both 
too were of the four preachers 
appointed by the South Wales 
Association to visit Bala in 
rotation for some years : the 
other two were John Belcher 
and Benjamin Thomas who 
was a Congregational minister, 
but closely identified with the 
Methodists in their work. On 
one of these visits, in the year 
1742, he preached at Henllys, 
in the parish of Llanfair-tal- 
haiarn. At this service Edward 
Parry, Brynbugad, Tanyfron, 
was converted, and afterwards 
became an eminent worker in 
the Lord's vineyard in the dis- 
trict of Tanyfron, Llansannan, 
and other parts of Denbigh- 
shire. Parry was accustomed to 
speak of him as his spiritual 
father. He was likewise the 
spiritual father of the Rev. 
Ebenezer Morris, who was con- 
verted under a sermon preached 
by him at Trecastle, where 
Ebenezer was at the time con- 
ducting a day school. It is said 
of him, that when preaching at 
Carmarthen on one occasion, he 
was seized by the press-gang, 
but was soon released. He con- 
tinued to preach to the end of 
his life. Methodistiaeth Cym- 



ru, vol. i., page 143; Drych yr 
Amseroedd, page 174. 

HIR, TALYLLYCHAU. Carmarthen- 
shire, laboured with much faith- 
fulness as a preacher for more 
than 60 years. His gifts were 
not great, but he performed his 
day's work to the advantage of 
the Saviour's cause and the 
furtherance of the welfare of 
his fellows. He died in 1847, 
aged 83 years. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. ii., page 424. 

FYNYDD, Carmarthenshire. The 
fame of Morgan Rhys is far 
better known as a hymnist than 
as a preacher. Many of his 
hymns, are still sung, by the 
evangelical churches of Wales, 
and will be sung whilst the 
Welsh continues a living lan- 
guage. He was born some- 
where in the neighbourhood of 
Llandovery, but no particulars 
are known as to his parents, or 
the precise date or place of his 
birth. He is said to have been 
converted under the preaching 
either of Daniel Rowland or 
Howel Harris. It is believed 
that he was for a time one of 
Griffith Jones' itinerant school- 
masters, though it is not known 
in what districts he laboured. 
He afterwards opened a school 
on his own account first at 
Capel Isaac, near Llandilo, and 
then at Uanfynydd, where he 
died, and his remains were 
buried in the parish church- 

yard. On the parish Registry 
of Deaths it is recorded that he 
died (or was buried) August 
gth, 1779. It is supposed that 
his poetical gifts were develop- 
ed rather late in life. His 
first poetical effusion was pub- 
lished in the year 1760. All 
his hymns are of a deeply reli- 
gious character, and reveal a 
rich Christian experience. His 
chief work was " Golwg o ben 
Nebo " (A view -from Nebo's 
height), which has run through 
several editions. He com- 
posed at least two Elegies. 
Some of his hymns, translated 
by the Rev. William Howells, 
appear in the English Hymn- 
book of the Methodists. Casgl- 
(<ad o Hen Farwnadau Cym- 
reig, page 54. 

LAIS, Glamorganshire, was born 
at Cwm-y-cae-bach, in the 
parish of Llanfair-ar-y-bryn, 
Carmarthenshire, in the year 
1811. He was the youngest of 
seven children. When but nine 
months old he lost his father. 
He joined the church at Cily- 
cwm in the sixteenth year of his 
age. In 1839, he removed to 
Dowlais, where he began to 
preach, and sooa attained to 
considerable popularity. He 
made three itinerances through 
North Wales two in company 
with the Rev. Evan Harries, 
Merthyr, and one with the Rev. 
Evan Morgan, Cardiff. Though 
he did not reach a high posi- 

2 54 


tion as a preacher, his aim. was 
right, his spirit gentle, his lan- 
guage plain and simple, and his 
sermons sensible and profitable. 
His career however was. short. 
He died May and, 1847, aged 36 
years. YDrysorfa, vol. xvii., 
page 328. 

SOLFA, Pembrokeshire, often 
preached in Methodist chapels 
when, his ship was in port, and 
he was highly esteemed. Strange 
to say, he and Captain Wil- 
liams, Chester who was like- 
wise a preacher preached at 
Milford Haven on Sunday, De- 
cember 1 2th, 1819 ; he in .the 
morning, and Captain Williams 
in the evening ; and both cap- 
tains were overtaken by a ter- 
rific storm on the following Fri- 
day, and the ships and crews 
of both captains sank beneath 
the billows one man only from 
each ship escaping to tell the 
story of the disaster. 

GWYRYFON, Cardiganshire, was 
a preacher of the Gospel for 
eleven years, and died in the 
year 1781. He is said to have 
been an acceptable preacher. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 39. 

TOWY, Carmarthenshire, suc- 
ceeded in the face of great op- 
position in erecting a chapel at 
Nantgaredig, four miles from 
Carmarthen. This was about 
the year 1762. At that early 

period in the history of Method, 
ism, many of the members were 
reluctant to do anything which 
would seem to indicate the 
slightest opposition to the Es- 
tablished Church. But Richard 
was bent upon his object. One 
landholder to whom he applied 
for a site, said that " he did not 
wish to see the hot-headed peo- 
ple in his neighbourhood," and 
added that if "he would pursue 
his object, I will send people at 
night to pull down the walls." 
" Sir," said Richard, " that 
would be the devil's work, but 
in defiance of you and the devil, 
I am determined to build a 
chapel through the aid of the 
Lord." And it was done. The 
late Rev. Robert Simpson, Car- 
marthen, was, on his mother's 
side, his great-grand-son. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 487. 

TREGARON, Cardiganshire, had 
more to do with forming 
Calvinistic Methodism into a 
compact and organized body 
than almost any other man of 
his age. He had a rare oppor- 
tunity of perfecting the consoli- 
dation of the churches into one 
complete body, through that he 
held the Secretaryship of Car- 
diganshire Monthly Meeting 
for over a quarter of a century, 
and that of the South Wales 
Association for nearly an equal 
length of time ; and this at a 
period when churches had been 


2 55 

fairly generally established 
throughout the country, but yet 
were loosely united together. 
He was specially qualified for 
the task, and his personal influ- 
ence was great. His spirit of 
order was pre-eminent. The in- 
teresting, accurate, complete, 
systematic reports which he pre- 
sented at every Association of 
the remarks made upon the sub- 
jects discussed at the previous 
meeting, illustrate this suffi- 
ciently. In this department he 
stood alone. Others surpassed 
him in pulpit eloquence and as 
divines, but in his own par- 
ticular department he had no 
rival. In connection with the 
Sabbath School, also, he ex- 
celled his fellow-labourers in 
the ministry, especially in 
South Wales : in North Wales, 
it may be, there were two for 
whom the palm may be claimed 
Revs. Owen Jones, Gelli, and 
Humphrey Gwalchmai, Llan- 
idloes. However, the interest he 
took in this department of the 
Lord's work was intense, and 
the ability he displayed was 

He was born at Trevine, Pem- 
brokeshire, Dec. 5th, 1781, of 
pious parents, Henry and Han- 
nah Richards. His father was 
in the ministry of the Gospel for 
sixty years ; and though not a 
great preacher, he was eminent- 
ly useful and acceptable. His 
mother was a thoroughly good 
Christian, and of good sound 
sense. Both parents devoted 

much attention to the training 
of their children, seeking to 
bring them up in the fear and 
admonition of the Lord. And 
they had, especially in the case- 
of their two sons, Ebenezer and 
Thomas, a rich reward. 

At a comparatively early age, 
Ebenezer left home for Bryn- 
henllan, a country-place be- 
tween Trefdraeth and Fish- 
guard, where he opened a day- 
school, by which he secured the 
opportunity of furthering his 
own education. When here, he 
experienced religious impres- 
sions of an extraordinary char- 
acter. He had from his earliest 
days felt the power of the Gos- 
pel. Being of a naturally ten- 
der disposition, he was very im- 
pressible to truths of a touching 
character. The story of the 
Cross, pathetically told, seldom 
failed to draw tears from his 
eyes. At Brynhenllan he became 
rather depressed. A sense of 
sin awakened in his heart the 
deepest concern. He was on the 
brink of despair. Indeed, for 
a time, he had to relinquish his 
school duties. At length, how- 
ever, deliverance came to him 
through the words, "Wherefore 
he is able also to save them to 
the uttermost that come unto 
God by him, seeing he ever liv- 
eth to make intercession for 
them" (Heb. vii. 25). 

On June 2oth, 1802, he 
preached his first sermon, at 
Dinas, near Brynhenllan. It 
was only at the earnest request 



of the elders of the church he 
ventured upon the work. Had 
he listened to his own feelings 
he would have held back; but 

"being urged repeatedly, he at 

"last yielded, and the issue 
proved the wisdom of those who 

-constrained him to enter upon 
the work, and justified himself 
in the course he had taken. His 

-pulpit talents came to 'light at 
once. People flocked to hear 
him, and he was eminently suc- 

-cessful in winning souls to the 


His health at this time was 
:not satisfactory. Many of his 
friends thought that, like some 
other shining lights, his career 
in this world was to be short. 
This induced him to remove to 
Cardigan, where he might enjoy 
-constant medical care. Whilst 
here, J. Bowen, Esq., after- 
wards of Llwyngwair, a man of 
great piety and much influence, 
engaged him as a private tutor 
for his children. This proved 
-of advantage both to Mr. 
Richard and the cause of 
Christ. The young preacher 
found in Mr. Bowen a noble 
'Coadjutor : they were in perfect 
sympathy on divine things, and 
worked well together. Gener- 
ally, Mr. Bowen and his family 
.accompanied Mr. Richard on 
his Sabbath journeys, to enjoy 
"his ministrations and to en- 
courage him in his work ; and 
Mr. Bowen did so even on his 
-first visit to North Wales. 

Mr. Richard's stay at Car- 
digan was a great blessing to 
the town and neighbourhood. 
The Lord blessed his labours 
abundantly, and many were 
added to the churches. Towards 
the close of the year 1809, he 
married a young lady from Tre- 
garon, Mary, the daughter of 
Mr. W. Williams. This event 
led to his removal to Tregaron, 
where he henceforth dwelt. 
And the good he was instru- 
mental in bringing to pass, 
especially in the upper part of 
the county, revealed how great 
a work the Lord had for him to 
perform. Had he remained at 
Cardigan, it is possible that the 
lower part of the county would 
have become possessed for Meth- 
odism, and that its chapels 
would have more thickly 
studded the county than they do, 
for it was a principle with him, 
according to which he invar- 
iably acted, to establish a new 
cause and build a chapel in 
every district where it was pos- 
sible. He was no advocate of 
large churches, if it were possi- 
ble to form a church at a little 
distance as a new centre for 
Christian work. He aimed at 
taking the Gospel as near as 
possible to-people's homes. Act- 
ing upon this principle, he pos- 
sessed the upper part of the 
county of Cardigan for Christ 
under the banner of Methodism. 
Chapels are thus to be found in 
every vale and in most unlikely 
nooks. As soon as he saw the 



chance of a branch being 
formed, he at once counselled 
its being availed of, and de- 
spatched those best suited from 
the mother church to hold ser- 
vices, form a church, and erect 
a chapel. 

Before the end of the same 
year he was appointed secretary 
of the Monthly Meeting, an 
office which he retained to the 
end of his life, and the duties 
of which he discharged to the 
great advantage of the churches. 
His fidelity was beyond all 
praise. In storm and sunshine, 
he travelled over hill and dale, 
along roads of the most primi- 
tive character, so as to be pre- 
sent at the meetings. In the 
earlier part of his ministry, he 
had most able coadjutors in the 
Hevs. Ebenezer Morris and 
David Evans, Aberayron. They 
-were his seniors in age and in 
the work of the ministry. And 
being eminent for their piety 
and preaching talents, he looked 
up to them with filial respect 
and affection. He was honoured 
with being set apart to the full 
work of the ministry at the first 
ordination service held by the 
'Connexion in South Wales : 
and he was the youngest of 
those thus honoured. Two 
years later he was appointed 
secretary of the South Wales 
Association, and he held the 
office until his death. 

From this time forth his 
labours were more abundant, 
after the fashion of the itiner- 

ant ministry of the day. The 
fierce persecution of the prev- 
ious age had come to an end. 
There was no more danger from 
an infuriated mob. But the 
arduous and incessant duties of 
an itinerant ministry remained, 
and Ebenezer Richard was not 
the man to shirk them. His life 
was eventful only in the sense 
in which a first class minister's 
life ever is- plenty of hard 
work, the joy of popularity with 
those who love and admire his 
ministry, the delight which suc- 
cess in saving souls affords. His 
preaching was eminent for its 
sweetness and pathos. Its prac- 
tical character too was pro- 
verbial. His hearers expected 
food for their souls through him 
and were seldom disappointed. 
His power of imagery was con- 
siderable, and by his fresh, 
abundant, and Scriptural illus- 
trations, he touched the hearts 
of the people. He was himself 
a man of deep emotion : tears 
flowed readily and freely from 
his eyes. He was a man of 
ready speech, and invariably 
spoke well on the usual subjects 
under discussion. He had also 
a facile pen. 

In his family life he was 
most happy. As a parent he was 
judicious and tender. He con- 
stantly made his children the 
subjects of prayer, and gave 
them the wisest counsel. His 
letters to his sons, Edward and 
Henry, are models of what par- 
ental epistles should be. It is 



no marvel that under the care 
and counsel of so wise and lov- 
ing a father, his son Henry, 
who became Member of Parlia- 
ment for Merthyr Tydfil, rose to 
the eminence he attained. 

For several years he suffered 
more or less from the disease 
which proved fatal to him, on 
March gth, 1837, aged 54 years. 
He had only the evening before 
returned home from a visitation 
he had made to some of the 
churches in the lower parts of 
the county. His mortal remains 
were laid to rest in Tregaron 
churchyard, and a monument 
has been erected to his memory. 
Bywyd y Parch. Ebenezer 
Richard; Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii., page 45 ; Y Tadau 
Methodistaidd, 'vol. ii., page 
486; Cofiant y Parch. J. Jones, 
Talsarn, vol. ii., page 890. 

Pembrokeshire, was one of the 
earliest exhorters of the Method- 
ist movement in Pembrokeshire 
and the southern parts of Car- 
diganshire. He was not gifted 
with any of the great powers 
which characterize the popular 
preacher, nor was he much of a 
scholar. Yet many were pleased 
to hear him, especially as he 
was known to be an eminent 
Christian. His faithfulness in 
his sphere could not be sur- 
passed. His ministry was sweet 
and comforting to the saints, 
though the unconverted among 
his hearers did not find much 
delight in his sermons. He had 

the high honour of bringing up 
two sons in the Methodist min- 
istry whose pulpit talents and 
denominational activity placed 
them in the front rank of Meth- 
odist ministers- the Revs. 
Thomas Richard, Fishguard,. 
and Ebenezer Richard, Tre- 
garon. He lived to a long age 
and continued his labours in 
connection with the ministry to 
the end. Pie preached on the 
last Sabbath before his death, 
which took place Dec. 6th, 1813, 
when he was 83 years of age. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 332. 

UCHA', near LLANRWST, Den- 
bighshire, was one of the first 
and most eminent of the early 
exhorters of Methodism in. 
North Wales. He was a fine, 
broad-chested, stalwart young' 
man, highly respected by the- 
rich and poor in his immediate- 
neighbourhood. Before his con- 
version he took a prominent 
part in all the games in which: 
the people delighted. He was,, 
moreover, a considerable poet. 
Through an illness which befel 
him, he was led to forsake his 
evil ways, and through a ser- 
mon which he shortly after- 
wards heard in the open air,, 
near Dafarn-y-fedw village,, 
about a mile to the east of Llan- 
rwst, he was led into full de- 
cision for Christ. In the year 
1749, when he was 29 years of 
age, he began to preach. He was 
so highly respected in his dis- 


2 59 

trict that no one dared to per- 
secute him. As a preacher, he 
was a strong reasoner, a free 
speaker, and had a winsome 
manner. It was his habit, be- 
cause of the difficulty to get 
people together to hear the Gos- 
pel, to preach near the parish 
church, and at the time the peo- 
ple were leaving church when- 
ever it was possible to do so. 
But his day was short. He died 
in 1763, aged 44 years. About 
the year 1880 a good stone was 
placed on his grave to mark his 
resting-place. Drych yr Amser- 
oedd, page 95. 

SAMLET, Glamorganshire, was 
one of the earliest exhorters in 
connection with the Methodist 
movement. He was also entrust- 
ed with superintending some of 
the societies. Many of his re- 
ports to the Association during 
the years 1742 5 are extant. At 
a meeting held at Glan-yr-afon- 
ddu, Carmarthenshire, March 
ist, 1743, he was appointed to 
take charge of the society at 
Creunant, near Neath, and to 
preach there. At a meeting held 
at Llandremor, Llandilo-fach, 
May igth, 1743, he was appoint- 
ed to superintend the societies 
in the following places Neath, 
Creunant, Palley, Cwmaman, 
Llanon, Loughour, Llandafen, 
Llandilo-fach, and Llansamlet. 
He composed a number of 
hymns, which were known as 
" Hymnau Shon T-wm." Dur- 
ing this period he had freed 

himself from his secular occupa- 
tion, and devoted himself alto- 
gether to preaching and the care 
of the societies. The service he 
rendered to Methodism was of 
great value. Methodistiaetk 
Cymru, vol. iii., pages 4, 12, 45. 

LAN, Flintshire, was a native of 
South Wales, and was appoint- 
ed superintendent over Madame 
Sevan's schools in North Wales. 
In his capacity as superintend- 
ent of these schools, he was 
from home a good deal, so that 
his residence at Rhuddlan was 
not of much advantage to the 
cause in the place. Nor was he 
a very popular preacher. In 
his later days he was accused of 
holding rather Antinomian 
views. He died at Rhuddlan, 
at a good old age, in the year 
1809. Edward Jones, in Y 
Gymdeithasfa, gives 1812 as the 
date of his death. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii., page 268. 

YCWM, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the early preachers. Y 
Drysorfa, vol. xiv., page 181. 

D D E w i B R EFI, Cardiganshire, 
sometimes spoken of, it seems, 
as William Richard, Llan- 
geitho, was one of the early con- 
verts of Daniel Rowland. He 
soon became an exhorter of 
others to repent and to look to 
Jesus for life. At the first 
Monthly Association held at 
Llanddeusant, he was appointed 
overseer of the churches of the 


southern part of Cardiganshire, 
and the churches along the coast 
of Pembrokeshire, as far as St. 
David's. Very little is known 
of him, except that he was an 
earnest worker. His reports, 
some of which are still extant, 
reveal him to have been a 
spiritually-minded man. He 
died at Llanddewi-brefi in the 
year 1770. Morgan Rhys, in an 
Elegy in memory of the Rev. 
Howell Davies, Pembrokeshire, 
Mr. William Richard, Car- 
diganshire, and Sion Parry, 
Carmarthenshire, says of him 

" William Richard aeth yn llawen 
Yn ei gerbyd trwy'r lorddonen." 

NARVON. Mr. Richardson held 
for many years a prominent 
position among the laborious, 
self-denying, earnest, popular 
Calvinistic Methodist preachers 
of his day. His sermons as 
compositions were not great 
either as regards eloquence of 
diction or freshness of thought, 
but oftentimes great unction 
accompanied his preaching, and 
thus his services were highly es- 
teemed and his visits anxiously 
expected. He was himself a 
genial hearted man, much be- 
loved by those who knew him 
and had to do with him. He 
had a fine personal appearance, 
and he always dressed well. 
Besides his great services in the 
pulpit, he was for some years 
the teacher of the preachers of 
North Wales, and many other 

young people who had a desire 
for learning. His school at 
Carnarvon was for many years 
deservedly popular, and the ser- 
vice he thus rendered to re- 
ligion and learning, and to 
Calvinistic Methodism and his 
country, was great. 

He was a native of Cardigan- 
shire, and was born about the 
year 1758, at Bryngwyn Bach, 
Llanvihangel - genau'r - glyn, 
about five miles distant from 
Aberystwyth. His parents in- 
tended him to be a clergyman of 
the Church of England, and 
educated him accordingly at 
Ystrad-meurig. Whilst yet 
young he felt considerable con- 
cern about his spiritual welfare, 
and could not find peace. He 
attempted many things, such as 
kneeling on his bare knees when 
praying, thinking that such an 
attitude would render his ser- 
vice more pleasing to God. In- 
deed, after reading the words, 
"without shedding of blood 
there is no remission," he 
thought that it would be impos- 
sible to find peace unless he 
would shed his own blood. 
But through hearing the preach- 
ing of the Methodists he came 
upon " the more excellent way," 
and ultimately found peace 
through believing. 

W T hen he was yet in darkness of 
soul, he discontinued his stud- 
ies at Ystrad-meurig, because he 
could not tolerate the thought of 
entering upon Holy Orders 
whilst he was himself not a 



Christian. His parents, who 
had no higher thoughts of the 
ministry than as a means of 
livelihood, were greatly dis- 
pleased with him. His father's 
anger was so great that he 
threatened to take away his life, 
and had it not been for the in- 
terposition of his mother, it is 
likely that he would have done 
so; one day he held up a 
hatchet to strike him whilst he 
was asleep, but his mother, see- 
ing what was about to be done, 
stopped him. Matters having 
come to this pass there was no 
place for him at home. He 
therefore left, and as he had 
had a tolerably good education 
he opened a school near Llan- 
ddewibrefi, where he joined the 
Methodists, after hearing a 
sermon by David Morris, Twr- 
gwyn, and availed himself of 
every opportunity of attending 
their services, going frequently 
to Llangeitho to hear the great 
Daniel Rowland, especially on 
Communion Sundays. 

He soon won the esteem of the 
people, so much so that one of 
the evangelical clergymen took 
him as a companion on a preach- 
ing tour through North Wales. 
He had not then begun to 
preach : he simply introduced 
the services. Ere he returned 
home, however, he had entered 
upon the work of the ministry. 
Where he first preached is not 
known, but it is known that he 
preached at Dolgelley on his 
homeward journey. 

Whilst on this journey, Mr. 
Robert Jones, Rhoslan, asked 
the clergyman with whom 
Richardson travelled if he knew 
of any young man in Cardigan- 
shire, qualified as regards learn- 
ing and piety, to open a school 
at Brynengan, Carnarvonshire. 
The clergyman at once recom- 
mended Richardson, and the re- 
sult was he removed thither as 
soon as he had made the neces- 
sary arrangements. This took 
place about the year 1779. 

He kept school successively at 
Brynengan, Pwllheli, Llangybi, 
Brynengan a second time, and 
afterwards at Carnarvon, where 
he spent the greater part of his 
life. Wherever he lived his 
great point was to serve his 
Master. His constant battle was 
with ignorance and sin. He 
was ever ready to speak for 
Jesus and reprove men for their 
wickedness. The Methodists 
were at this time people of very 
humble stations in life, and 
greatly persecuted, yet he con- 
tinued steadfast in his adher- 
ence to them and energetic in 
his efforts on behalf of their 

About the year 1787, at the 
earnest request of the Monthly 
Meeting and of a few friends, 
he settled at Carnarvon, where 
the Methodists were few and 
poor. He had, previous to this 
time, preached in the town. 
Excepting Mr. Jones, Llangan, 
who had visited the place, he 
was the first Methodist who had 



quiet to preach there. It took 
place in the following manner. 
According to a previous ar- 
rangement with the Rev. John 
Roberts, Llanllyf ni, they met in 
the town one Sabbath day, and 
both preached in the open air. 
They fully expected opposition, 
but the service, which was held 
in a part of the town called 
Tre'rffynon, passed off peace- 
ably, and it was the beginning 
of the permanent work of the 
Methodists in the town. 

Mr. Richardson's school at 
Carnarvon soon became a great 
success. Young preachers and 
others from various parts of 
North Wales came to him for in- 
struction. But he did not con- 
fine himself to his educational 
work. He applied himself with 
much faithfulness to the preach- 
ing of the Gospel, and the gen- 
eral oversight of the work of 
Christ. His school duties of 
course hindered him from itin- 
erating as much as many of his 
brethren. But he attended all 
the Associations in North 
Wales, and during the vacations 
he would give a hasty visit to 
the South, where his ministry 
was anticipated with delight. 
At home he was ever active, and 
would often preach two or three 
short sermons the same evening 
in different parts of the town. 
Though short, he often preached 
with great power. He would at 
once, with but few introductory 
remarks, enter upon the theme f 
his discourse. In ten minutes 

he would be at full speed, so 
different from the method usu- 
ally pursued by Welsh preach- 
ers in his day. 

Like many others in that age, 
he often stood up alone among 
strangers to preach Christ at the 
peril of his life. On one occa- 
sion at Corwen he had a narrow 
escape. He stood upon the steps 
of a horse-block. A goodly 
number came together, fully de- 
termined upon pouring upon 
him a volley of stones and dirt. 
When he was praying, an elder- 
ly woman shouted out, " Strike 
him ! strike him ! let some one 
strike him !" But he proceeded 
with his prayer, expecting every 
moment to feel the stones or dirt 
coming upon him, but no one 
touched him. He preached from 
Luke xix. 41, 42, " And when 
He was come near, He beheld 
the city, and wept over it, . say- 
ing, If thou hadst known, even 
thou at least in this thy day, 
the things which belong unto 
thy peace ! but now they are hid 
from thine eyes." It so happen- 
ed that there was a magistrates' 
meeting in the town that day. 
and some of the magistrates 
were present listening to him 
with much attention. This fact, 
no doubt, quieted the opponents, 
and from that day forth the 
opposition to the Methodists 
gradually grew less. 

On one of his tours in Angle- 
sea, he and his companion one 
Daniel Evans as they drew 
near to a place called Pentref-y- 


bwau, could see before them in 
the middle of the road a number 
of men stript to their shirts, 
playing at some game and it 
was the Sabbath. 

"Well, Daniel," asked Mr. 
Richardson, " shall we be faith- 
ful to God if we pass these un- 
godly people without reproving 

" It would seem not," replied 
his friend. 

" What then shall we say to 

" Preach to them, my dear 
Mr. Richardson, as you would 
to any other sinners." 

Both went forward, and when 
they came to the place where 
the men were playing, Mr. 
Richardson drew up his horse 
and gave the reins to his com- 
panion, and also his hat, and 
then slowly pulled a Bible out 
of his pocket. By this, the men 
looked amazed, not knowing 
what to make of it. Mr. 
Richardson then with a clear 
voice read the words from Ex- 
odus xx. 8 : " Remember the 
Sabbath day to keep it holy." 
When the men heard these 
words they scampered away in 
different directions, wild with, 
fear. It is likely that they 
thought him to be a magistrate, 
as he had a fine personal ap- 
pearance, and that he had come 
upon them to summons them for 
breaking the Sabbath. 

The following remarkable in- 
cident of the efficacy of a prayer 
offered by him is recorded. 

About the year 1811 there was in 
Anglesea a terrible drought : no 
rain fell from the time of seed- 
sowing to the month of June, 
and the country was in a terri- 
ble condition. There was no 
grass in the fields, and in the 
month of June there was but 
little prospect of a harvest. 
The usual June Association was 
held that year at Llangefni, 
and at the two o'clock service 
Mr. Richardson preached. At 
the close of his sermon he 
prayed for rain, and he would 
seem to have been more than 
usually possessed by the 
" spirit of prayer." He re- 
ferred to the case of Elijah on i 
Mount Carmel, and the young 
man whom he sent again and 
again to see if there were any 
signs of rain. At last, the 
young man said that there 
was "a little cloud," and then 
Richardson shouted in a man- 
ner peculiarly his own : 
" There is a sound of abund- 
ance of rain !" With the word, 
there was a flash of lightning 
and a roll of thunder, which 
greatly agitated the vast con- 
gregation; and the rain soon 
fell in such abundant measure 
as if the windows of heaven 
had been opened. The effect 
upon the people was something 
wonderful. All left the place 
with the conviction deep in 
their minds that God verily is 
a hearer of prayer. It is said 
that the weather at the time 
was extremely hot, and that 



previous to the minute when 
the rain fell there was no sign 
of it in the sky. 

For some years previous to 
his death his usefulness was 
greatly curtailed through a 
heavy stroke of palsy with 
which he was afflicted. But 
even in his later years he was 
sometimes clothed with great 
power when he would address a 
congregation. He died March 
29th, 1824, when he was about 
65 years of age, and after 
preaching the Gospel for about 
45 years. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. iL, page 231 ; Co-fiant 
y Parch. J. Jones, Talsarn, vol. 
ii., page 29; En-wogion Cer- 
edigion, page 210. 

LLEYN, was a blacksmith by 
trade, and was one of the early 
preachers in his district. He 
was a young man of consider- 
able gifts, and of winsome 
manners. He went early in life 
to America, where he died. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 138. 

Glyn Tegid), BALA, was born 
in 1822. He commenced to 
preach in 1843, after he had 
been for some time a student in 
the College. He was a young 
man of wide information and 
varied gifts, and received- the 
appointment of Home Mission- 
ary to the Marches, upon which 
he had set his heart. But to the 
great grief and disappointment 
of his many friends, his health 

gave way, and he died July 
3rd, 1845, a ged 23 years. His 
great ambition was to do some- 
thing for Jesus : this was his 
constant topic of thought and 
conversation. The night before 
his death, he said that he knew 
he should not go to hell, 
though he had oftentimes fear- 
ed it. The merits of the great 
Surety brought him perfect 
peace. He had a considerable 
poetic gift. Enwogion Swydd 
Feirion, page 86. 

was born in the year 1782, and 
whilst young began his relig- 
ious life at Cerrig-y-druidion. 
For some years he conducted 
one of Mr. Charles 3 Circulating 
Schools in various places. He 
began to preach in the year 
1808, and continued in the work 
for 41 years. In 1809, he re- 
moved to Bangor, where he 
henceforth resided. He was al- 
ready married when he came to 
the city. Methodism at the time 
was exceedingly weak in the 
district. There was but one 
chapel, and this was a very 
plain, unadorned structure; it 
was moreover small, but yet 
.sufficient for the congregation 
which assembled there for wor- 
ship. His removal to Bangor 
was a great blessing to the 
small church which had been 
formed, and also to the Month- 
ly Meeting of the county, as 
there were but few preachers 
within its bounds. He was a 
cautious and sensible man, 



eminently suited for the sphere 
wherein his lot was cast. He 
was gentle, kind, and full of 
sympathy with the troubled. 
Though not great as a preach- 
er, he was mighty in prayer, 
and took much interest in the 
Sabbath School. He was very 
skilful also in conducting 
church meetings. During his 
later years, he preached much 
on the historical portions of the 
Scriptures. He died Sept. lyth., 
1849, aged 67 years. The Rev. 
Samuel Roberts, Bangor, was 
his son. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii., page 250; Y Dry- 
sorfa, vol. xix., page 364. 

CAIN, Flintshire's name is in the 
list of deceased preachers in the 
Drysor-fa, 1836. 

MAETHLON, Merionethshire, was 
the son of John and Catherine 
Roberts, Dyffryn-glyn-cul, in 
the parish of Towyn, and was 
born in the year 1814. He 
joined the church when about 
15 years of age. Self-denial, 
humility, gentleness, and faith- 
fulness, were conspicuous fea- 
tures in his character. He was 
chosen a deacon of the church 
when he was but 20 years of 
age : and, soon after, he was 
urged to exercise his gifts as a 
preacher ; he was received by 
the Association in the year 
1835. I n *%37 he went to the 
College at Bala, which had 
been recently opened, but after 
eight months his health de- 

clined, and he was obliged to 
discontinue his studies. He 
passed away December 27th, 
1840, aged 26 years. Hanes- 
Methodistiaeth Gorllewin Meir- 
donydd, vol. i., page 220; Cof- 
iant y Parch. Edward Morgan^ 
Dyffryn, page 72. 

DY-Y-DDWYRYD, Merionethshire, 
was a weaver by trade, and was 
bred and born near the Craw- 
gallt Mountain, about three 
miles from Trawsfynydd ; and 
in contempt, he was styled by 
the opponents of the Gospel 
" Hen Vicar y Crawgallt " (the 
old vicar of Crawgallt). He was 
one of the eight who at the first 
formed the church at Traws- 
fynydd. This was about the 
year 1770, and he soon after be- 
gan to preach. He was the first 
Methodist preacher who started 
in West Merioneth. In 1772 a. 
house was built for him at 
Pandy-y-Ddwyryd. He never 
travelled much, but acted in his 
small church at home in the 
dual capacity of a deacon and 
preacher. He was a Christian 
of the old stamp, genuine and 
straightforward, taking special 
care of the church under his- 
charge, and he did much to 
further the interests of the Gos- 
pel in his circle. He died 
September 24th, 1827, aged 81 
years. Hanes Methodistiaeth 
Gorllewin Meirionydd, vol. ii., 
page 33 ; Methodistiaeth Cym~ 
ru, vol i., page 528. 



PWLLHELI, was one of the early 
preachers of Lleyn. His gifts 
were not bright, but his Chris- 
tian character was most exem- 
plary, and he was faithful in 
his Master's service. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page 

GRAIG, or LONFUDR, Lleyn, was 
one of the first preachers in his 
district. Upon becoming a 
Christian, he at once began to 
exhort and strive against the 
evil practices of the people, and 
almost unawares to himself de- 
veloped into a preacher. His 
opposition to the prevailing 
evil habits was determined, and 
his devotion to the Lord Jesus 
fervent; consequently, he ex- 
perienced much of the enmity 
of the world. In his day, the 
people of Lleyn were fierce to- 
wards those who sought to re- 
press their vicious practices, so 
'he suffered considerably at 
their hands. A determined 
effort was made to seize him 
-and hand him over to the press- 
gang, which was a frequent 
method of the enemies of the 
Gospel in their efforts to rid the 
country of preachers like Evan 
Roberts. Even his brother one 
day joined in the attempt to lay 
hold upon him. But the enemy 
was foiled. And in 1760, the 
Lord took him, like Enoch, to 
Tiimself. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii., page 279. 

Bala, was one of the early 

LLANWDDYN, Montgomeryshire, 
died February i6th, 1849, aged 
74 years. He had been a 
preacher for fifty years. 

GOR, was a native of this 
cathedral city, and lived there 
throughout his whole life. He 
co-operated for many years 
with Mr. David Roberts, and, 
like him, laboured under many 
disadvantages. He was the 
first preacher connected with 
the Methodists in his city. He 
began to preach with the Con- 
gregationalists, but left them 
through a disagreement on a 
question of discipline. His 
chief chasacteristic was his 
godliness. He spent his time 
from early morning till sunset 
among the sailors who visited 
the port, and thus he came in 
contact with English, Scotch, 
Irish, and French sailors. He 
was a reader and thinker, and 
fished for thoughts whilst en-^ 
gaged at his calling. His 
preaching gifts were not 
bright, and as he was of a 
slightly melancholy disposi- 
tion, he keenly felt his in- 
sufficiency and lack of quali- 
fication for the work of the 
ministry ; and was often in- 
clined to keep in the back- 
ground. His sermons were 
very much in the form of para- 



bles. He died in peace, after a 
lather long and painful illness, 
December 3rd, 1831, aged 58 

His name is found in the list 
of deceased preachers in the 
Drysor-fa, 1836. 

GWM, Merionethshire, was a 
native of Llanllyfni, where he 
"was born in the year 1752. His 
parents were Robert and. 
Catherine Thomas, Ffrith-bala- 
deulyn, Llanllyfni. He was 
the eldest of 13 children. One 
of his brothers was the seraphic 
preacher, Robert Roberts, Clyn- 
nog. His parents were relig- 
ious people, and sought to 
"bring up their children in the 
fear and admonition of the 
Lord, and had the reward of 
seeing some of them attain to 
great eminence in the Lord's 
service. They kept a Sunday 
School in their house long be- 
fore there was any talk of such 
an institution in any part of the 
country. John, being the eld- 
est of the children, and more- 
over religiously disposed, was 
of much service to his father in 
carrying on the school. He 
also opened a day school, 
through which he did much to 
dispel the ignorance of the 
people. When he was 27 years 
of age, he began to preach, and 
soon became one of the most 
eminent men of his day and 
country. He was the Secretary 
of the Carnarvonshire Monthly 

Meeting. He was ordained 
among the first batch of preach- 
ers at Bala, in 1811. Though 
small in stature, like his 
brother Robert, he had a strong 
constitution, and a vigorous 
mind. His freedom of speech 
surpassed that of most of his 
colleagues. He itinerated a 
good deal through North and 
South Wales,' declaring the un- 
searchable riches of Christ 
wheresoever he went. He con- 
tinued this work for more than 
50 years, during the last 25 of 
which his home, through his 
marriage, was at Llangwm, 
and he was Secretary of Mer- 
ionethshire Monthly Meeting. 
He was an able and faithful 
labourer for Christ, starting 
Sabbath Schools, erecting 
chapels and planting churches, 
wheresoever he found it possi- 
ble to do so. After a long day's 
work, he died in peace, Nov. 
3rd, 1834, aged 82 years. MetJi- 
odistiaeth Cymrii, vol. ii., page 
259 ; Methodistiaeth Gorllewin 
Meirionydd, vol. ii., page 431. 
PWLLHELI, was one of the 
brightest and most remarkable 
preachers of his day. Several 
of his, sermons are to be found 
in the Drysor-fa of the period 
of his ministry, and reveal him 
to have been a man of vigorous 
and original thought and much 
force of expression : they well 
repay a perusal. He was the 
son of Rev. John Roberts, Llan- 
gwm, and was born in the par- 



ish of Llanllyfni in the year 
1780, and began to preach when 
but sixteen years of age. In 
the year 1802 he removed to 
Pwllheli, where he henceforth 
resided. Like many other 
preachers of his day he opened 
a school, whereby he served his 
generation and earned his live- 
lihood. He took to himself a 
wife in the year 1806, and be- 
came the father of fourteen 
children, whose support was de- 
pendent entirely upon his own 
earnings. Doubtless he often 
found it difficult to obtain the 
ordinary comforts of life, as 
school fees were low, and the 
pecuniary remuneration for 
preaching was very paltry. His 
health too was in a very pre- 
carious state, as he suffered 
much from asthma. He would 
often return home in time for 
school on Monday morning, 
though he had not slept a wink 
the night previous. He soon 
won for himself a prominent 
position among his ministerial 
brethren, and was ordained to 
the full work of the ministry in 
1814. He was second to none 
not even the seraphic Robert 
Roberts, Clynnog, in his ac- 
quaintance with the Scripture, 
or in its elucidation. His 
preaching at times was mar- 
vellously effective. At an As- 
sociation held at Llanidloes in 
1819, he is said to have preach- 
ed with such power that it was 
computed that about a thousand 
people were converted. No ser- 

vice like it was ever known in 
Methodism. Full notes of the 
marvellous sermon, taken down, 
by the Rev. Humphrey Gwalch- 
mai, appeared in the Drysorfa, 
March, 1902, page 126. He had 
the disadvantage of a small,, 
weak physical frame. Strange 
to say, that for twelve years, 
when his asthma left him, he 
was sorely afflicted by a cloud- 
ed mind, which hindered him. 
completely from taking part ia 
the ministry or in his school 
duties. This affliction came, 
upon him in the year 1836. He 
survived the return of his. 
faculties but a few months. 
The churches were rejoiced 
when it was found that he was. 
able to retake his duties and to 
discharge them with his wonted, 
power and brilliance, and it. 
was hoped that he would be 
spared for many years to break 
bread for the people of God 
and to lead many from the 
error of their ways into the ser- 
vice of Jesus. But God's pur- 
poses were otherwise. He died 
rather suddenly, from an attack, 
of asthma, on January lath, 
1848, in the sixty-eighth year of 
his age, the news of which 
caused much lamentation, 
throughout the churches of 
Methodism. He had several of 
the characteristics of a popular 
preacher a clear voice, forci- 
ble language, original thought, 
considerable knowledge, a re- 
tentive memory, a rich imagina- 
tion, and a fertile mind. 



was, moreover, of a gentle and 
tender disposition, ever ready 
to defend the weak against any 
harsh treatment, which some of 
the senior brethren might be 
disposed to manifest towards 
them. Everyway, he was a 
"bright star in the firmament of 

" Machludodd ar y ddaear hon 
I godi yn y nefoedd Ion." 

In 1829, he published a Mem- 
oir of his celebrated uncle, Mr. 
Robert Roberts, Clynnog. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 184; Cofiant y Parch. J. 
Jones, Talsarn, vol. i., page 
109, vol. ii., page 879; Y Dry- 
sorfa, vol. xix., page 94. 

IONETHSHIRE, was a preacher in 

SANNAN, Denbighshire, spent 
fully 35 years in the service of 
the Gospel, and did much for 
its 'furtherance, especially in 
his native county. He was 
"born at Bryn-an-llech, Tany- 
fron, March nth, 1770, and 
was the only child of his par- 
ents, John and Ann Roberts, 
who were members of the 
church at Tanyfron. Peter was 
early taught to read Welsh, and 
was then sent to an endowed 
school at Llanfair-Talhaiarn. 
He was a well-behaved lad, re- 
fraining from the evil practices 
of the young people of his 
neighbourhood, but he did not 
join the church until he was 

twenty years of age. Shortly 
after, a revival took place at 
Tanyfron, and Peter shared in 
the quickening. The desire 
then sprung up in his heart to 
enter upon the work of the min- 
istry. As he was encouraged 
by the brethren in this aspira- 
tion, he commenced forthwith. 
In 1797, he married Miss Mary 
Edwards, Llangollen, by whom 
he had nine children. He set- 
tled for a time at Denbigh, 
where he opened a shop, but he 
soon discontinued the enter- 
prize, took up his residence at 
Llansannan, and joined the 
church at Tanyfron, about two 
miles distant. He soon after 
commenced a cause at Llan- 
sannaa. Seeing the ignorance 
and ungodliness that prevailed, 
he opened his house for the 
preaching of the Gospel, and 
ere long a church was formed 
and a chapel erected. In the 
year 1815 he was ordained to 
the full work of the ministry. 
His sermons were superior in 
composition to those of the 
majority of the preachers of his 
day, and considerable unction 
usually rested upon the services 
he conducted. Though not re- 
markable for the depth or 
breadth of his mind, yet he felt 
much interest in his subject, 
and he would put it before the 
people with much clearness and 
force. He died April 23rd, 
1829, aged 58 years. Drysorfa, 
1837, page 257 ; Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii., page 122. 



shire, is said in the " Method- 
istiaeth Cymru," not to have 
been a preacher. But in a brief 
history of Methodism in Den- 
bigh,* he is referred to as hav- 
ing been the officiating preach- 
er at Capel Mawr on a Sunday 
when three young people had 
to appear before the brother- 
hood for daring to go on the 
Sabbath down Park Street, at a 
time when some amusements 
were carried on in the Park. 
In the CYMDEITHASFA, page 475, 
by Mr. Edward Jones, he is 
also ranked among the preach- 
ers of Denbighshire. He was 
born at Cefn Forest, in the par- 
ish of Llansannan, in the year 
1755. When 24 years of age, he 
was appointed an elder. Upon 
his marriage with a step- 
daughter of Edward Parry, 
Brynbugad, he went to Bryn- 
bugad to live. He was remark- 
able for his faithfulness during 
the remaining years of his life, 
and was the chief means ot 
starting the Sabbath School in 
the district. This was about 
the year 1790. He died in the 
3'ear 1825, aged 70 years, high- 
ly esteemed by all people in the 

DRE, Denbighshire, began to 

"* " Hanes Cychwyniad a Chynnydd 
Methodistiaeth Calfinaidd yn Nhref 
Dinbych." Gan Owen Evans, 
page 19. 

preach in the year 1821, and 
died in 1828, aged 49 years. 

NOG, Carnarvonshire, occupied 
a front position in the ministry 
of Calvinistic Methodism dur- 
ing his brief day. There were 
many more cultivated than he,, 
many that did more for the ex- 
tension of Methodism, yet there 
is a charm in his name equal 
to that of any other that can be 
mentioned in connection with 
Methodism. The known facts 
of his life are few, and, ex- 
cepting the great power which 
attended his ministry, what is 
known is simple and in a great 
degree uninteresting. There- 
were no stirring events in his 
ordinary life. He took no pro- 
minent part in any important 
administrative work. And yet 
the charm in connection with 
his name exists. The universal 
testimony respecting him is of 
the same character. The writer 
heard the late Rev. David 
Jones, Treborth, tell of a con- 
versation he once had with the 
celebrated Christmas Evans re- 
garding him. Mr. Evans had 
heard him preach many times, 
and had the special gift of be- 
ing able to recite what others 
said, in their own tone and 
manner. After much pressure 
he gave a specimen of Mr. 
Roberts' style of preaching, but 
at the same time added that 
there was a something in his 
ministry, especially at times, 
which it was impossible to re- 


2 7 I 

produce. Mr. Jones, in relat- 
ing the incident, added that the 
specimen of Roberts' preaching, 
given by Mr. Evans, was one of 
the finest things he had ever 
heard. Speaking to an elderly 
Congregational minister some 
years ago, he stated that he had 
heard the renowned Williams 
of Wern repeatedly say that he 
considered Roberts to be one of 
the most marvellous preachers 
he had ever heard. And the 
Rev. Ebenezer Morris, we are 
informed by Dr. Owen Thomas, 
told his father-in-law, the Rev. 
William Roberts, Amlwch, that 
" had he died without hearing 
Robert Roberts, Clynnog, 
preach, I should have died 
without having the conception 
I have of the glory of the min- 
istry of the Gospel." This was 
the testimony borne to Robert 
Roberts by one of the greatest 
preachers of Wales, and one 
who had heard Mr. Daniel 
Rowland many times, and all 
the old celebrated preachers. 
Yet, withal, his life for the 
present generation of people is 
more a dream than a reality 
a dim spectre in the past 
rather than a flesh and blood 

He was one of thirteen child- 
ren, the offspring of Robert 
Thomas and Catherine Jones 
his mother retaining through 
life, after the Welsh fashion, 
her maiden name ; and Robert 
and his brothers and sisters, 
again after the Welsh fashion, 

taking for their surname their 
father's Christian name. He 
was born Sept. i2th, 1762, at 
Ffrith-bala-deulyn, in the par- 
ish of Llanllyfni, Carnarvon- 
shire. His eldest brother, John,, 
became an eminent minister,, 
and is known as John Roberts, 
Llangwm. His parents were- 
of humble station in life, and 
thus he had no educational ad- 
vantages whatever beyond what 
he obtained from his father in. 
the evenings when the day's. 
work was over, and in a Sab- 
bath School held in his father's 
house. Thus he learnt to read 
Welsh. His parents were emi- 
nently pious, but Robert did 
not at first take after their 
ways : his delight was rather in. 
the company of the thoughtless 
youths of the neighbourhood, 
and in the pursuits they fol- 
lowed ; in this manner threaten- 
ing to break loose from their 
rule and to wander as a pro- 
digal in the far country of sin. 
At this time, it was with diffi- 
culty he could be got to attend 
the means of grace and to have 
anything to do with matters of 
a serious character. In the 
mercy of God he was brought, 
when about sixteen years of 
age, to a sense of his spiritual 
condition, under a sermon by 
the Rev. D. Jones, Llangan, 
from the words, ' c Turn you to 
the stronghold, ye prisoners 
of hope" (Zech. ix. 12). With 
much reluctance he attended the 
service, and at its commence- 


merit gave little heed to the ser- 
mon : he was taken up more 
with his companions, and 
seemed intent upon treating the 
holy things with levity. But 
ere the service closed the truth 
preached seized him and made 
Trim captive. In company with 
many others, he experienced a 
change of heart, and returned 
to his home a sadder though a 
wiser young man. He at once 
separated himself from his old 
companions, forsook his former 
habits, united himself with the 
Church of God, and entered 
upon a religious life. 

He was at this time working 
in a slate-quarry near his par- 
ents' home, but it was thought 
prudent that he should change 
"his calling and become a farm- 
servant. He remained in this 
occupation about seven years, 
during which time he had but 
little opportunity for reading 
and seeking to cultivate his 
mind. He had his Bible, and, 
having a retentive memory, he 
treasured much thereof in his 
.mind, which proved of price- 
less advantage to him later in 
life. During this period, it is 
.said, he had many narrow 
escapes, which served mater- 
ially to solemnize his thoughts 
and stir up the desire in his 
soul to serve his Master. He 
saw that his opportunity of 
'helping forward the Kingdom 
of Christ might soon be gone. 
A severe attack of rheumatism 
^completely prostrated him. He 

was confined to his home and 
bed for several weeks : his 
agony was fearful. The result 
was that he became a mere 
wreck of what he had previous- 
ly been. As a young man, he 
was tall, and strong; he had a 
noble, manly appearance, but 
his disease so worked upon him 
that he became a weak, puny, 
hunch-backed little fellow the 
shadow of his former self. In 
this painful condition he spent 
the remainder of his days, and 
the whole period of his minis- 
terial life. How far this 
affliction had to do with his en- 
tering upon his public career is 
not known. This is clear, his 
disease incapacitated him for 
his previous occupation. Who 
knows but that this was the 
method his Heavenly Father em- 
ployed to break him off from 
the ordinary pursuits of life, 
and to lead him into the ccurs-j 
He would have him pursue. 
Doubtless the fiery furnace 
through which .he passed exer- 
cised an important influence in 
qualifying him for the work 
that lay before him. It was after 
the church had been visited 
with a powerful revival that he 
finally decided entering upon 
the work of the ministry. This 
took place when he was about 
twenty-four years of age. He 
was himself very deeply im- 
pressed. His soul became pos- 
sessed by the most fervent zeal 
in the cause of God, and the 
most earnest desire to save 


2 73 

souls. Soon after this he began 
to declare to sinners the way of 
peace through Jesus Christ. 
His quiver was full of arrows 
sharpened at the throne of 
grace, and well-fitted to pierce 
the hearts of his hearers ; and 
he soon got to take a steady, 
straight aim, and to draw his 
bow with the arm of a spiritual 

During the first years of his 
ministry, he coupled with the 
ministry of the Word the duties 
of a schoolmaster, which he dis- 
charged in Welsh. But his 
health gradually gave way,, so 
that he was compelled to re- 
linquish the school, and he took 
up his residence in the chapel- 
house at Clynnog, where he 
henceforth resided. His career 
now began to be encircled with 
great glory, and he shone forth 
suddenly as a brilliant meteor. 
His deformed frame, his sickly 
constitution, his limited educa- 
tional training, one would have 
thought, would have told 
effectually against his ever at- 
taining to any great eminence. 
But notwithstanding these dis- 
advantages, he rose rapidly to 
the highest position as a preach- 
er. Crowds were attracted to 
hear him declare God's mes- 
sage of love to the world. He 
was a perfect master of the 
Assembly. At times the influ- 
ence of his preaching would be 
most profound : the congrega- 
tion would be panic-stricken : 
his words pierced their hearts 

and rendered them perfectly 
helpless. He was never happy 
in preaching unless it were evi- 
dent that the unction from the 
Holy One accompanied the 
truth. When he stood up to 
preach his anxiety was deep 
that God's quickening influence 
should be felt. When the peo- 
ple were listless, he would 
sometimes suddenly stop in the 
middle of his discourse, then 
raising his eyes to Heaven his 
tears flowing freely he would 
utter in the most solemn man- 
ner the prayer, " O Lord, re- 
move the veil ! remove the veil '." 
Upon this the people would be 
subdued. Then, with the great- 
est self-possession, he would re- 
commence with his subject, and 
proceed with warmth and 
energy as if refreshed after a 
wearisome journey. A mani- 
fest change would now be seen. 
All would be life and interest : 
some would be praising, others 
fainting, and all weeping : 
many would be calling for 
mercy, others thanking that 
they had found it, whilst he 
himself, overcome by the powers 
of the world to come, would be 
compelled to pray a second time 
but with a different prayer. 
Now it would be, " O Lord, 
withhold ! withhold ! draw the 
curtain -a little, else we shall 
not be able to bear the light." 

Though, as already stated, he 
was a man who had no educa- 
tional advantages, he was a 
master in the art of oratory 



not by training, but by nature, 
as the birds are perfect in song 
and on the wing. His sen- 
tences, short, pithy, pointed, 
went straight as a sunbeam to 
the heart of his hearer. There 
was something too in the tone 
of his voice, and the earnest- 
ness of his look enhanced by 
his bodily weakness, which 
made him speak as one from 
the confines of the spirit world 
that were favourable to a 
good impression being pro- 
duced. At times, a thrill would 
pass through the audience as he 
read his text, especially if it 
were of a pathetic character. 
He had an impressive manner 
of addressing the people, say- 
ing, "People! people!" (Bobl! 
bobl !), the force of which can- 
not be expressed in writing. On 
one occasion, having read his 
text, ' 'Great is the mystery of 
godliness God was manifest in 
the flesh," he burst forth in the 
most solemn manner, " People! 
people ! people ! here is a sea 
without a bottom ; through the 
strength of God, I'll venture 
upon its borders. Keep your 
eye upon me, People!" Such 
brief, terse sayings, put in the 
most striking manner, told with 
great effect upon an audience 
deep in sympathy with the 
speaker. On another occasion, 
when preaching with great 
power, seeking to persuade the 
ungodly of the folly of their 
ways, he suddently stopped, and 
bending down his head, he held 

it in a listening attitude, and 
then with great solemnity said, 
"Hush! hush! hush! What is 
the sound I hear ?" Then, amid 
breathless silence, he shouted 
aloud, " Upon the wicked he 
shall rain snares, fire, and 
brimstone, and an horrible 
tempest ; this shall be the por- 
tion of their cup." The effect 
that followed is said to have 
been indescribable. One re- 
markable incident is recorded of 
him in Merionethshire. He was 
preaching near Gwynfryn in 
the open air. The place where 
he stood was carved in a rock, 
and was called " Ffoulk's pul- 
pit," and the congregation, 
which was very large, stood be- 
fore him. About the middle of 
the sermon a storm arose, which 
threatened to bring the service 
to an abrupt close. But as it 
began, the preacher raised his 
hands towards heaven and 
prayed, " Oh, my God, grant us 
an opportunity for a moment to- 
speak and to hear about Thy 
Son." In less than five minutes 
the wind ceased and the atmo- 
sphere cleared. The people were 
surprised beyond measure, and 
many broke forth praising God, 
confident that it was the finger 
of God. The testimony of all 
who heard him sets forth the 
brilliancy and power of his 
ministry : it is described, as in- 
comparable. He was doubtless 
endued with great natural 
powers, and these powers were 
sanctified by grace for the ser- 


2 75 

vice of the Gospel. He also 
worked diligently in his pre- 
paration for the pulpit. He was 
inspired by a deep passion for 
souls, and he had a lively 
imagination. The greatest 
peculiarity and glory of his 
preaching after all was the 
heavenly influence that accom- 
panied it. The Lord blesses the 
good soil, the soft showers, and 
the sweet sunshine of spring 
and early summer, and thus pro- 
duces an abundant harvest, so 
it is those whose gifts are most 
eminent are signally blessed in 
the salvation of souls. 

When appointed to visit Lon- 
don to preach, his friends re- 
marked that he would see many 
wonderful things in the great 
city, and desired him to send 
them a description of the most 
wonderful he would come upon. 
After being in the city, he wrote 
home, and remarked that the 
most wonderful thing he had 
seen in London, was the fifty- 
third chapter of Isaiah. 

At the early age of forty 
years, and after a public career 
of only fifteen years, his Mas- 
ter took him from his labours on 
earth to the rest that remaineth 
for His people. This occurred 
Nov. 28th, 1802. A brief Mem- 
oir was published in 1830 by 
his nephew, the Rev. Michael 
Roberts, and in 1884, it was re- 
published by the Rev. Griffith 
Parry, D.D., together with more 
than 50 of his Sermons, appre- 
ciatory sketches by several writ- 

ers, and an Introductory Essay 
by the Editor. Drych yr Am- 
seroedd, page 188 ; Cofiant y 
Parch. J. Jones, Talsarn, vol. 
ii., page 817; Y Tadau Method- 
istaidd, vol. ii., page 34; His 

was by trade a weaver, and 
early in the history of Method- 
ism in Flintshire, he was in the 
habit of exhorting. His minis- 
try was pointed and severe, and 
in dealing with the members of 
the church he was a great dis- 
ciplinarian. In illustration of 
this feature in his character, the 
case of one David Jones, Myn- 
ydd y Fflint, is recorded. When 
this person was under deep re- 
ligious impressions he thought 
of joining the church at Mold, 
as it was the nearest to his home. 
But ere he did so, he was in- 
formed of the strict discipline 
which Roberts enforced, so that 
he became afraid of carrying 
forth his purpose, and went 
with John Williams, Llaneur- 
gain, to Berthen, though the 
distance was considerably 
farther. The date of his death 
is not known. Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii., page 282. 

LLANERCHRUGOG, Denbighshire, 
was a native of St. Asaph, and 
was born about the year 1774. 
In his early years he was a lead- 
er in all manner of wickedness, 
but one day he accidentally 
heard Mr. Robert Prvs, Plas- 
winter, preach, and he became a 

2 7 6 


changed youth. His father was 
bitterly opposed to the course of 
life he now entered upon, but he 
held firmly thereto. He forsook 
his old companions, identified 
himself with the cause of 
Christ, and at once associated 
with religious people. He took 
a bold step at his home through 
setting up family worship, in 
the face even of rather fierce 
opposition. He was a man of 
considerable natural abilities, 
and had a fair educational 
training. He obtained some 
knowledge of Greek and Latin ; 
and became well acquainted 
with the history and language 
of his native country. After 
serving for some time as a 
deacon at St. Asaph, he began, 
about the year 1813, to preach, 
and was ordained in 1832. At 
the time of his marriage with 
Mrs. Clark, Tan-yr-clawdd, 
near Rhos, he removed to her 
home, where he henceforth re- 
sided, and showed much hospi- 
tality to the preachers of Meth- 
odism, as he had previously 
done at St. Asaph. His mind 
was of a philosophical turn : 
this possibly led to his taking a 
very prominent part in the dis- 
cussion which raged for some 
years in the churches of Meth- 
odism as regards the extent of 
the Atonement. In this discus- 
sion he was closely associated 
with the Revs. John Jones, Tal- 
ysarn, and John Hughes (the 
first), Liverpool. Indeed, he 
narrowly escaped excommunica- 

tion because of his views on this 
question. He died Aug. i4th, 
1849, having, just before, en- 
joyed in a marked degree the 
light of the Lord's countenance. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii., 
page 108 ; Y Drysorfa, vol. xix. 
page 294. 

FRON, CYNLLWYD, Merioneth- 
shire, was the first Methodist 
preacher in his county. Between 
the years 1740 50, he visited 
Llangeitho twice to hear Daniel 
Rowland preach. He preached 
frequently in private houses at 
Llanuwchllyn and Llanymaw- 
ddwy long before a chapel was 
erected. During this period he 
usually communed in church. 
Preaching one Sunday morning 
at the Bryn Chapel on the 
words, " Go ye also into the 
vineyard," he said at the close 
of the service to Mr. Edwards, 
Penygeulan, "Well, uncle 
Edwards, it is time for you also 
to go to the vineyard." He had 
a well-formed body, but he 
hardly did justice to it. Rather 
than shave properly, he simply 
cut his beard with a pair of or- 
dinary shears, and allowed his 
hair on the back part of his head 
to grow in flowing lengths. His 
clothes too were made of home- 
spun, so that, every way, he had 
a rustic appearance. Hanes 
Methodistiaeth Dwyrain Meir- 
ionydd, page 128 ; Cronicl yr 
Ysgol Sabbothol, 1881, page 88. 

first), AMLWCH, a shoemaker by 



trade, was one of the early 
preachers of Anglesea. In his 
early years, he is said to have 
been wild and reckless, impul- 
sive and hot-tempered. But he 
experienced a thorough change 
of heart, and became a bright 
Christian. His preaching ta- 
lents were not eminent, but 
through his lovely character he 
adorned the Methodist church 
and advanced its interests in the 
town : no one dared doubt his 
word or honesty, or the sincerity 
of his effort for the Gospel. 
The Scientific Hall, Amlwch, is 
built on the site of the house 
where he lived. One night, 
after preaching at Pantycoli, he 
was taken ill, and died there. 
The date is not known when he 
began to preach or when he 
died. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii., page 556. 

ON, Cardiganshire, was a gift- 
ed preacher of the Gospel, and 
also a skilful physician. 
Through his professional abili- 
ties, his careful Christian walk, 
and his gifts as a preacher, he 
won very great respect among 
his fellow countrymen. He died 
in 1843, aged seventy-four 

GEITHO, was one of the three 
men to whom the honour chiefly 
belongs of having started the re- 
ligious movement in Wales, 
which led to the rise and forma- 
tion of Welsh Calvinistic Meth- 
odism. There is no doubt that 

when they started their self- 
denying efforts not one of them 
had it in view to form a new 
denomination. Their whole 
concern was the revival of God's 
work. The ignorance and cor- 
ruption that prevailed, both in 
the Church and out of it, dis- 
tressed them greatly. They 
could well employ the Psalm- 
ist's words, " ; Rivers of water 
run down mine eyes because 
they keep not Thy law " (Psalm 
cxix.). Priests and people alike 
were given to all manner of evil 
ways. Gross darkness covered 
the whole country with the ex- 
ception of a few places. The 
one desire of these three earn- 
est, godly, able men Howell 
Davies in Pembrokeshire, Dan- 
iel Rowland in Cardiganshire, 
and Howell Harris in Breck- 
nockshire, unknown to each 
other at first, but subsequently 
co-workers, was to stir up the 
people to forsake their corrupt 
ways, and to love and serve the 
Lord. They desired and sought 
to carry on their work within 
the lines of the Established 
Church. The quickening of 
spiritual life, leading people 
from darkness to light, further- 
ing the cause of Christ, and 
bringing men to the Saviour for 
their eternal salvation were the 
exalted objects they steadfastly 
aimed at. They set themselves 
to work with great ardour, and 
as they proceeded their efforts 
were covered with abundant suc- 
cess. The work grew under 

2 7 8 


their hands. The light of truth 
and holiness burst forth amid 
the surrounding darkness. Sin- 
ners were aroused, and societies 
of men were formed who pro- 
fessed a concern about their 
souls' salvation, and their hope 
of securing it through Jesus 
Christ. Almost all the clergy, 
both in towns and rural dis- 
tricts, were bitter in their oppo- 
sition to the movement thus be- 
gun. But the work spread, and 
the dawn of a better day had 
broken upon the people. These 
three good men got to hear of 
each other and of each other's 
work. A few others co-operated 
with them, until the movement 
became widespread like an in- 
flowing tide. 

Daniel Rowland, whose life is 
here sketched, was the second 
son of the Rev. Daniel Row- 
land, incumbent of the parishes 
of Llangeitho and Nant-cwnlle, 
often called Llancwnlle, Car- 
diganshire, and was born at 
Pant-y-Beudy, in the parish of 
Nant-cwnlle, in the year 1713. 
His father was a man of earn- 
est piety, especially in his later 
years. He died in the year 
1731, at the advanced age of 72 
years. At his death, his son 
John, 'who, like Daniel, was 
brought up for the Church, was 
instituted to the livings he had 

Little is known of Daniel dur- 
ing his early years, except that 
when a child he had a narrow 
escape for his life. A large 

stone suddenly fell down the 
chimney upon the very spot of 
the corner of the large fire-place 
where he had been sitting 
but a minute or two before, and 
which, had it fallen upon him, 
would have inevitably killed 
him. He received his education 
at the Hereford Grammar 
School. But when he was 
eighteen years of age his father 
died : this, it is supposed, ex- 
plains why he was not sent to a 
University to complete his edu- 
cation. He was, however, a 
young man of noble parts, and 
had made such progress in his 
studies, that he received dea- 
con's orders when he was but 
twenty years of age. He was 
ordained in London in the year 
1733, having obtained letters 
dismissory from the Bishop of 
St. David's. He had, however, 
to walk the whole distance to 
the metropolis in consequence 
of the humble pecuniary cir- 
cumstances of his friends. The 
title on which he was ordained 
was that of curate to his brother. 
But, like Dr. Chalmers, he was 
for some time in the ministry 
before he was himself convert- 
ed. He undertook the ministry 
of the Word simply as a pro- 
fession, without any conception 
of its proper character, and 
without any fitness for it beyond 
that which arose from his 
natural abilities and his schol- 
astic training. The burden of 
souls was not yet upon him. 
Indeed, once the morning ser- 



vice was over in church, he 
readily took part in the games 
frequently carried on in the 
churchyard or a neighbouring 
field on the Sabbath day : being 
nimble and strong he was fore- 
most among the company. 

In about two years after his 
ordination a complete change 
took place in his character and 
in his ministry. It came to pass 
thus, he was grieved and 
humiliated by the fact, that, 
notwithstanding his abilities as 
a preacher, few came to hear 
him at Llangeitho, whereas the 
people of the neighbourhood 
went to hear a pious and earnest 
Congregational minister of the 
name of Philip Pugh at Blaen- 
pennal, a place not far distant. 
Having ascertained that this 
good man urged his hearers to 
flee from the wrath to come, he 
resolved to adopt the same style 
of preaching. He at once began 
to choose texts such as " The 
wicked shall be turned into 
hell"; "These shall go away 
into everlasting punishment." 
The plan succeeded beyond any- 
thing he had anticipated, and 
it is said that fully a hundred 
people were under deep* impres- 
sions through his preaching be- 
fore he was himself converted. 
He must though have given up 
his conformity with the evil 
practices of his day, espe- 
cially before his preaching 
would have had the effect it had 
upon the people. Crowds flock- 
ed to hear him and were deep- 

ly aroused : they saw the end 
of the world as it were at hand, 
and hell prepared to receive 
them. The news of his wonder- 
ful preaching spread, and peo- 
ple came from all parts to hear 
him. The churches were too 
small to accommodate his 
audiences, and numbers were 
completely overcome by the 
terrors of the world to come as 
preached by ; him. Under the 
direction however of the Rev. 
Philip Pugh, who was delight- 
ed at the change wrought in 
the young clergyman, his 
ministry became modified. 
The aged minister advised him 
to preach more of the Gospel, 
and to apply to the spiritual 
hurts of his hearers the balm of 
Gilead, urging them to believe 
in the crucified Saviour. " But 
I am afraid," replied Row- 
land, " that I have not got that 
faith in its full vigour and 
worth myself." "Preach it," 
responded the old man, " until 
you feel it." Rowland did so. 
His acquaintance also, which 
soon came to pass, with Howel 
Harris, Howel Davies, George 
Whitfield, and Griffith Jones, 
Llanddowror, influenced him 
much, and he became in his 
preaching more eminent for the 
sweet strains of the Gospel 
herald than he was previously 
for the terrors of the law and of 

It was sometime during the 
year 1737 that Howel Harris 
first had the opportunity of 



meeting with him and hearing 
him preach. This was at De- 
vynock, Breconshire. They at 
once entered into full sympathy 
with each other, and co-operat- 
ed together heartily for four- 
teen years, esteeming each othei 
highly for his work's sake. 

Religious societies were first 
formed by Harris about the 
close of 1736. Early in the fol- 
lowing year, Rowland, before 
he had met with Harris, had 
likewise begun to form similar 
meetings for the nurture of re- 
ligious experience and the 
divine life of the converts. 
These societies formed the germ 
of the new denomination which 
grew up alongside the Church 
of England, and which was 
ultimately formed as the result 
of the religious movement com- 
menced and carried on by these 
good men. They served to pre- 
serve and further the impres- 
sions awakened under the min- 
istry of the Gospel : and 
through them the work became 

In 1740, he had seven hun- 
dred communicants a marvel- 
lous number for such an outly- 
ing district as Llangeitho. In 
that year a great revival, which 
spread far and wide, began one 
Sabbath morning at Llangeitho. 
When Rowland, in reading the 
Litany, came to the words, 
" By Thine agony and bloody 
sweat, by Thy cross and pas- 
sion, by Thy precious death 
and burial, by Thy glorious re- 

surrection and ascension, and 
by the coming of the Holy 
Ghost, good Lord, deliver us," 
a deep feeling possessed the 
people until they were com- 
pletely subdued. The congre- 
gation was bathed in tears, and 
a wonderful work for God com- 
menced, which resulted in mul- 
titudes being brought to the 
Lord and to forsake their evil 

He did not confine his labours 
to Llangeitho and the neigh- 
bouring parishes, but itin- 
erated throughout the country, 
always endeavouring to be at 
home on Sundays, especially on 
Communion Sundays. His ser- 
mons were generally short, sel- 
dom prolonged beyond forty 
minutes, excepting at times 
when the Divine influence 
would be very manifest. He 
preached on one Sunday at 
Llangeitho for four hours, so 
possessed was he and the people 
by the subject of his discourse : 
he did not recognize how long 
he had been until he observed 
the sun's rays streaming in 
through the window on the 
western side of the church. 

In 1742 so many Societies had 
been formed that an Association 
was held at Watford, near 
Caerphilly, in the month of 
January, 1743, at which Whit- 
field was present and presided. 
At this meeting, Harris, who 
was not in Orders, and simply 
an Exhorter his application 
having been refused by the 


2 8l 

Bishop, because of his reputed 
irregularities as a preacher 
was appointed General Super- 
intendent of the Societies. Both 
he and Rowland went, wherever 
a door of usefulness opened for 
them, pushing their way, often 
at the peril of their lives, into 
districts where the spiritual 
darkness of the people was in- 

In 1751, at an Association 
held at Llanidloes, an un- 
fortunate rupture took place 
between them, which continued 
for about eighteen years, and 
greatly hindered the good work 
which had been carried on with 
remarkable success. By far 
the greater part of the workers 
kept with Rowland, and Harris 
retired to Trevecca, where he 
erected a large building for the 
accommodation of a number of 
people who came to live with 
him so as to enjoy his ministry. 

Rowland held the curacy of 
Llangeitho, and carried on his 
noble work for twenty-seven 
years, when his brother, John, 
the incumbent, known as the 
wild parson, was accidentally 
drowned at Aberystwyth. It 
seems that he was an expert 
swimmer, and one day he 
made a wager that he would 
swim a certain distance from 
the shore; but during 'the per- 
formance he was seized by 
cramp, and met with his end. 
At his death, the Bishop was 
asked to give the incumbency to 
his renowned brother Daniel, 

who had held the curacy so 
long, and had done the work of 
the parishes so effectually, but 
his lordship refused because 
of his reputed irregularities 
in preaching the Gospel. What 
was the salvation of souls and 
the furtherance of the work of 
the Lord, in comparison with 
the orderly working of the par- 
ishes, though the people might 
thereby be left in ignorance and 
sin, and lie at hell's dark door 
without the slightest voice of 
warning being uttered? So 
Daniel had to suffer the keen 
humiliation of being refused 
the livings which were given to 
his eldest son. With a wonder- 
ful breadth of liberality how- 
ever the Bishop permitted him 
to continue for a time to hold 
the curacy. Thus, after being 
for twenty-seven years his 
brother's curate, and doing 
more real work for God than 
all the other clergymen of 
Wales put together, he was 
allowed to be his own son's 
curate ! What a comment upon 
a Church in league with the 
State ! The greatest preacher of 
his day in Wales, if not in the 
world, according to some high 
authorities, permitted, because 
of his apostolical fervour and 
eminent abilities in the service 
of the Lord, to occupy no high- 
er position than that of a curate, 
first to his brother, and after- 
wards to his own son ! Is it any 
marvel that the people who had 
been awakened into sympathy 


with Divine things through 
Daniel's ministry should have 
become alienated from the Es- 
tablished Church ? Clergymen 
who were fond of the hunt, fre- 
quented races, played cards, 
took part in sports on the Lord's 
day, revelled in all manner of 
iniquities, and of course took 
no interest whatsoever in the 
spiritual welfare of the people, 
were appointed to rich livings, 
and held them unchecked by any 
warning voice from the Bishop ; 
but here was a clergyman who 
was alive to his spiritual 
duties, his character irreproach- 
able, his pulpit eloquence pro- 
verbial, crowds flocking to hear 
him preach and bearing testi- 
mony to the power of his minis- 
try, refused a living in which 
he had been a curate for twenty- 
seven years, and compelled, if 
he wished to serve his Master 
within the pale of the Estab- 
lished Church, to do so as a 
curate to his young and inex- 
perienced son ! And even in 
that capacity the threat of sus- 
pension was hanging over his 
head unless he would desist 
from his reputed irregularities ! 
Drunkenness, Sabbath-breaking, 
gambling, and such like things, 
might be overlooked and winked 
at, but to preach the Gospel out 
of his own parish was an offence 
on the part of a clergyman 
which could not be tolerated. 
To the Bishop's threats however 
Rowland replied, " that he had 
nothing in view but the glory of 

God in the salvation of sinners, 
and that as his labours had been 
so much blessed he could not 
desist." What was this declara- 
tion but the echo of the words 
of the Apostles to the council in 
Jerusalem, when they were com- 
manded " not to speak at all nor 
teach in the name of Jesus." 

Is was for a short time only he 
was a curate to his son, for in 
the year 1763 his license to 
preach was revoked. This took 
place at Llanddewibrefi, a 
church which was held by his 
son as well as Llangeitho and 
Llancwnlle. One Sunday morn- 
ing, on entering the pulpit, the 
document was handed to him by 
a clergyman who had come there 
for the purpose. After reading 
it Daniel informed the people of 
the nature of its contents, and 
that he had nothing to do but 
submit, adding, " Let me beg 
of you to go out quietly, we will 
conclude the service by the 
church gate." The scene was 
one of iatense sorrow. All eyes 
were filled with tears, and all 
hearts with indignation. An- 
other report states that this took 
place at Llancwnlle, Christmas, 
1763. Both churches were un- 
der his charge, as well as Llan- 
geitho, and the name of the one 
may have been mis-stated for the 
other. Rowland was at this time 
in his prime and in the full 
swing of his popularity, but he 
had nothing for his support be- 
sides the produce of two small 
farms which he held. A chapel 



was at once built for him at a 
distance of about half-a-mile 
from the church at Llangeitho, 
and was called Gwynfil Chapel, 
from the plot of ground on 
which it stood. The building 
-was 45 feet square, without a 
gallery, and without seats, ex- 
cepting a bench alongside the 
wall. The people all stood, and 
the place was generally densely 
packed, Rowland getting into 
the pulpit at its back, through 
a door in the wall. 

It has often been stated in 
proof that Daniel Rowland was 
never ejected from the Church, 
that no record thereof is to be 
found in the Register of the 
diocese. But before the passing 
of the i and 2 Vic., C. 106, the 
bishop could revoke licenses to 
curates mero motu, without 
making any record thereof. See 
WALES, by Sir Thomas Phillips, 
page 141. 

Llangeitho became more than 
ever the centre of the religious 
movement which had begun 
about thirty years previously, 
aad which in the meanwhile had 
experienced two or three ebbs 
and flows. People flocked 
thither from all parts of the 
Principality. Many came every 
Sunday a distance of ten or 
fifteen miles. On Communion 
Sundays very many were pre- 
sent from a distance of forty or 
fifty miles, and large parties 
came from the extreme points of 
North Wales, as well as from 
Glamorganshire in South 

Wales. They would travel . in 
bands, starting on Thursday or 
Friday evening, according to 
the distance, so as to reach 
Llangeitho on Saturday after- 
noon in time for the preparatory 
service invariably held previous 
to the Communion Sunday. 
Then they would start home 
after the Communion Service on 
Sunday, holding religious ser- 
vices here and there on the way, 
and would reach home on Mon- 
day evening. It is said that 
there would often be as many as 
fifteen hundred taking part in 
the Lord's Supper, though Llan- 
geitho was a most out-of-the-way 
place. The hospitality of the 
people of the district must have 
been great, the strain upon it at 
times would be immense, though 
the visitors generally brought 
their simple food with them. 
They slept in barns or anywhere 
where shelter could be got. 
Two or three ministers would 
usually assist Mr. Rowland on 
these occasions, and no one was 
allowed to commune excepting 
those who were members of the 
Societies at their homes. The 
congregations on these Sabbaths 
would often number four or five 
thousands. Hundreds came 
there 0.1 horse-back, and the 
horses would be tied in ranks 
on the roadsides or in fields 
during the service, making the 
place seem like a fair. It was 
on these occasions arrange- 
ments were generally made for 
the visit of preachers to North 



Wales and the different parts of 
South Wales. Preachers and 
deacons would meet, and itin- 
erating tours agreed upon. 

He laboured for twenty-seven 
years after he was expelled 
from the Church, his popularity 
continuing undiminished ; he 
was looked upon as the chief 
among his brethren, and was in- 
variably elected Moderator of 
the successive Association Meet- 
ings. As the years advanced 
his strength gradually waxed 
weaker, and he prayed that he 
might not be allowed to lang- 
uish long in sickness or weak- 
ness. His request was granted 
him. He was allowed to con- 
tinue his work to the very end 
of his life. He preached on the 
last Sabbath he lived, and he 
prepared for the following 
Sabbath ; but he was taken 
dangerously ill on Friday, 
October i5th, 1790, and on the 
following day, when people had 
come together for the Commun- 
ion preparatory service, and the 
service had been commenced, 
the news was brought that he 
had taken his flight to the better 
world above. He thus died, 
October i6th, 1790, in the 77th 
year of his age. His mind 
was unclouded to the last, and 
to the great joy of those around 
him he was able to bear testi- 
mony to Him who had saved 
him by His grace, and Whom 
he had served with such faith- 
fulness, ability and success. 
He was buried in Llangeitho 

Churchyard, near the window 
at the east end of the church- 
Eleanor his wife outlived him 
six years, and at her death was 
buried in the same grave. 

Only twelve of his sermons 
were printed ; these have come 
down to the present day : and 
reveal him to have been a mart 
of much freshness of thought. 
He prepared carefully for the 
pulpit, though he did not usu- 
ally write his sermons in full. 
He would generally take his- 
notes with him to the pulpit,, 
and would make use of them. 
His sentences were short, strik- 
ing, and full of fervour, as 
also were his public prayers. 
His power and chief excellence 
as a preacher, however, are not 
to be found in his printed ser- 
mons : as in the case of Whit- 
field and many others, his ex- 
traordinary pulpit excellence 
was incommunicable to paper. 
His voice is said to have been, 
surpassingly musical and ten- 
der, his language chaste and 
beautiful, his thoughts fresh 
and inspiring, his animation 
and fervour great. But there 
was something else as well 
something which penetrated the 
heart, quickened the conscience, 
subdued the soul, and was 
blessed of God to the spiritual 
welfare of his hearers. Christ- 
mas Evans, the eminent Baptist 
preacher, in an appreciative 
sketch of him, says, "Row- 
land's doctrine was Calvinistic 
in the proper sense of the word. 



He cut his words short ; his sen- 
tences were compact, substan- 
tial, and full of sense. He 
preached in a style peculiarly 
his own, and which was inimit- 
able. I see him as it were now, 
in his black gown, entering into 
the pulpit through the small 
door at its back, and thus sud- 
denly appearing before the con- 
gregation. His countenance was 
in every way adorned with 
majesty, and revealed him to be 
a man of strong sense, elo- 
quence, and authority. His 
forehead was high and promin- 
ent; his eye keen, lively, and 
penetrative; his nose aquiline 
or Roman ; his lips were seemly, 
his chin projected a little, and 
his voice was musical, sweet, 
and commanding." Christmas 
Evans was of opinion that he 
was the star of greatest magni- 
tude that appeared in the 
eighteenth century, and that per- 
haps there had not been his like 
in Wales since the days of the 

A monument was erected to 
his memory on September yth, 
1883, at Llangeitho, chiefly 
through the effort of the Rev. 
Thomas Levi. It bears the fol- 
lowing inscription : 


BornA.D. 1713, 
Died October 16th, 1790. 

O nefoedd ! nefoedd ! nefoedd ! 
Buasai dy gonglau yn ddigon 
Gwag oni buasaifod Seion 
Yn magu plant i ti ar y ddaear. 

D. Rowland. 

The foregoing saying, " O 
heaven ! heaven ! heaven ! Thy 
corners would be sufficiently 
empty were it not that Zion is 
nursing for thee children upon 
the earth " was a saying of Dan- 
iel Rowland, as remembered by 
an old worthy deacon, Mr. 
David Jones, Dolau-bach, Llan- 
geitho, who died but a few years 
ago, and who knew Rowland 
well, but remembered no other 
saying of his. 

The monument is in the form 
of a marble statue, and has been 
set up in the square on the east- 
ern side of the present chapel 
the very spot where Rowland's 
first chapel, it is said, stood. It 
represents Rowland in the act of 
preaching in the open air, with 
his gown on : an open Bible in 
his left had, and his right hand 
extended. The likeness is said 
to be a more correct representa- 
tion of him than the portrait in 
the Memoir published by the 
General Assembly. It is life 
size. From an artistic point of 
view, the statue, designed and 
executed by Mr. Edward 
Griffith, Sculptor, Chester, is 
considered a perfect success. 

Dr. Lewis Edwards, Bala, un- 
veiled the statue, and spoke as 
follows : 

" He considered that Daniel 
Rowland was the greatest 
preacher Wales had ever pro- 
duced. In some things Howel 
Harris excelled him, but taking 
all things together, no one had 
done more than Rowland. Men 



of learning and genius, and 
poets of great fame lived at the 
same time as Rowland, but 
they effected . little, if any, in- 
fluence for good on the morality 
of Wales. They did much to- 
wards the promotion of general 
education, but Wales continued 
as before in great religious 
darkness. At last Rowland ap- 
peared God raised him, and a 
great change came to pass. He 
filled Wales with religious peo- 
ple. There was in him an at- 
traction which drew people 
from all parts of the country. 
Think of people coming from 
the remotest parts of Wales to 
Llangeitho : some coming 
monthly, and others occasion- 
ally. Years ago it was scarce- 
ly possible to meet with anyone 
of religious note but had been 
to Llangeitho some time ; and 
they took home with them the 
religious influence they receiv- 
ed. They took the influence of 
Rowland's preaching with them, 
and that filled the land with 
Methodists. The influence Row- 
land left behind him is still on 
the increase. There is no in- 
dication of its becoming less. 
There is abundant evidence that 
God is with the successors of 
Rowland as He was with him. 
What will become of our Con- 
nexion in the future it may be 
difficult to say ; we look to God 
for its success, and it will cer- 
tainly succeed if the Ministers 
of Methodism will continue to 
look to God as our fathers did 

if we shall be filled with the 
same spirit as possessed Row- 
land. It is not sufficient that 
we should have his name, al- 
though we respect his name we 
must have his spirit. And what 
kind of spirit had he? The 
spirit of preaching it was this, 
had full possession of his soul. 
There is abundant evidence that, 
it was a difficult thing to get. 
him from his study. Rowland 
was great in prayer. And thi& 
is the way for young preachers. 
to pray much, to read much, 
to think much give their whole 
souls to preaching." 

Dr. Owen Thomas was next 
called upon to speak. He held 
that the statue was a correct 
likeness of Rowland from in- 
ternal evidence it was not an 
imaginary statue. He had met 
with a daughter of Rowland 47 
years ago at Llandilo, and he 
recognized her as his daughter 
from her likeness to her father, 
whose picture he had previously 
seen at Llangeitho. This 
daughter, then from 75 to 80 
years of age, told him that he 
was a short man, quick in his 
movements, and also of a quick 
temper. The influence of his 
ministry must have been marvel- 
lous, making such a place as 
Llangeitho a centre for people 
from all parts of Wales. And 
it was not for a year it was so, 
but for fifty years. At that time- 
farm servants of a religious dis- 
position would, in making their 
engagements, stipulate that they 


were to go to Llangeitho once 
during the term of service ; and 
those who were very religious 
would stipulate to go there four 
times during the year. And 
this to such a place as Llan- 
geitho ! He had been making 
many enquiries about him of old 
people who had heard him many 
times, and in this way he had 
got some idea of him as a 
preacher. Some other preacher 
would generally introduce the 
service for him : whilst this 
would be going on Rowland 
would, be walking to and fro in 
a room behind the chapel, then 
he would enter the pulpit sud- 
denly through the door at its 
back; he would then give out a 
hymn to sing. David Jones, 
Dolau-bach, used to say that he 
was not willing for the hymn to 
be sung more than once. Hav- 
ing announced his text, he 
would at first speak in a low 
tone, but rapidly. When he 
would come to his second divi- 
sion, he would shake himself in 
a rather wonderful manner, 
which all his old hearers remem- 
bered well. He would again be- 
gin slowly and thoughtfully, 
but would speedily quicken his 
speech, and speak with great 
ease. He would give a penetra- 
tive look over the chapel, and 
raise his voice and become 
fervent in his spirit, until it was 
felt that the truth laid hold up- 
on the people. The tears would 
flow down their cheeks freely, 
and warm Amens would break 

forth from their lips; and it 
was evident that minister and 
people understood each other 
well. At the close of his re- 
marks on his second division he 
would descend in the tone of his. 
voice descend, not fall. He- 
would gradually descend, and 
then gradually rise higher, 
higher, and higher still. He- 
would do so once again, and rise 
higher than ever, until the con- 
gregation would be one scene of 
joy, and the shouts of " ben- 
digedz'g," " gogomant," and 
" diolch," would be heard over 
the whole building. The whole- 
congregation would be moved, 
and would rise to a high pitch 
of joy and excitement. He 
would close his sermon in a way 
that no one seemed hardly to 
know how he did it, and he- 
would hasten out through the 
door at the back of the pulpit, as 
he came in. He would then re- 
tire to bed to regain a little of 
the electricity which he had lost 
during the hour he had been in 
the pulpit. Such a man should 
be honoured a man who did 
such a work, and a man who 
was almost always blessed by 
the Lord. 

Rev. Joseph Thomas, Carno, 
when called upon to speak, re- 
ferred in his own inimitable 
manner to several features in. 
Rowland's character ; and Prin- 
cipal Edwards drew several im- 
portant lessons for the young 
men of Wales from the life and 
work of the great man whom. 



they were that day honouring. 
Y Traethodydd, vol. vi., page 
269 ; Cofiani y Parch. D. Row- 
land; Hanes Bywyd a Gweini- 
dogaeth y Parch. Daniel Row- 
land; Cofiant y Parch. J. Jones, 
Talsarn, vol. ii., page 800. 
Enwog+on Ceredigion, page 214 ; 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., 
ii. ; Y Tadau Methodistaidd, 
vol. i. 

ERPOOL, a young man of earn- 
est piety, good education, and 
superior talents, was chosen by 
a number of friends to qualify 
himself to conduct a seminary 
for young preachers. He was 
a native of Cardiganshire, and 
went to Belfast to complete his 
studies ; but his health broke 
down, and, to the great grief 
and disappointment of a large 
circle, he died December 8, 
1828, aged twenty-three years. 
A biography, entitled " Cof- 
iant o Fywyd a Marwolaeth 
Mr. Evan Rowlands, Liver- 
pool," was published by New- 
ett, Castle Street, Liverpool, 
in 1829. 

shire, was the son of the emi- 
nent Rev. Daniel Rowland, 
Llangeitho, and was born in 
1749. He completed his educa- 
tion and took his degree in 
Christ College, Oxford, after 
which he was ordained by the 
Bishop of St. David's. He 
then married Miss Margaret 
DavieSj the only child of the 

Rev. Howell Davies, who had 
been the founder of Methodism 
in Pembrokeshire. Upon his 
marriage he removed to Parke. 
his wife's home. He was the 
Duke of Gordon's chaplain, 
and also that of the Countess 
of Huntingdon. He was for 
rather more than twenty-five 
years identified with the Meth- 
odists, taking a leading posi- 
tion among them. His rela- 
tion to Daniel Rowland and 
Howell Davies would readily 
account for this. But he was 
moreover a man of consider- 
able abilities and a popular 
preacher. Unfortunately, he 
got to put on airs, and to as- 
sume much authority. He was 
utterly opposed to grant to 
chapels built for the conven- 
ience of the worshippers, the 
privilege of having the ordin- 
ances of the Church adminis- 
tered therein. This authority 
which he presumed to exercise 
was at last greatly reseated by 
the best men of the Connexion. 
And when it was found that he 
had become the victim of strong 
drink, he was cut off from 
membership in the denomina- 
tion at an Association held at 
jSTeath in 1807 : the vote was 
unanimous. It is said that he 
subsequently conquered the 
habit to which he had unfor- 
tunately become prone, but he 
never returned to the Methodist 
fold. He continued to preach 
in a chapel in Bridge Street. 
Haverfordwest, which had been 



erected .for him, the deed of 
which, it is said, had been 
drawn in his name. He died 
at Parke, March 8th, 1831, 
aged 82 years, and was buried 
at Henllan Amgoed. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page 
307, voL i., page 418 and 445 ; 
Enwogion Ceredigion, page 


LWCH, Anglesea, was the son of 
Mr. Rowland, Ty-fry. He 
was apprenticed to a chemist 
at Amlwch, and about the year 
1831 he began to preach, pur- 
posing to become a missionary. 
He offered his services to the 
London Missionary Society, 
but they were rejected. This 
rejection was one of the causes 
which led the Calvinistic Meth- 
odists to think of starting a 
Mission of their own. He then 
went to Dundee, Scotland, for 
"business purposes. He became 
highly respected . in his new 
sphere, but he had an attack of 
cholera, from which he died. 
Methodistiaeth Mon, pages 135, 

in the year 1735. During, the 
first twenty-eight years of his 
life, he was foremost among 
the ungodly people of his dis- 
trict. He neither feared . God 
nor respected man. Playing 
cards and drinking beer were 
his great delights. On one 
occasion he drank two quarts 
of beer at a draught. He had 

at one time a terrible fight 
with a large snake which near- 
ly proved fatal to him. . He 
went forth with a pitchfork in 
search of the reptile, which had 
been for some time the terror 
of the district. In the contest 
he had a narrow escape for his 
life. However, the circum- 
stance sobered him consider- 
ably. This took place when he 
was 24 years : of age. About 
four years later he heard for 
the first time a sermon by a 
Nonconformist preacher Hugh 
Griffiths, of Llanddaniel. A 
deep impression was produced 
on his mind, and he was led to 
follow Jesus. In about five 
years' time he began to preach, 
and then persecution arose. He 
and seventeen others of Lord 
Boston's tenants were summon- 
ed to appear before his agent 
and the vicar of the parish to 
answer for their religion. 
They were asked to promise 
never to listen again to the 
Methodists, and were told that 
upon this condition they should 
remain quietly in their homes 
and on their farms, but if they 
refused, they would be obliged 
to quit. A strange scene fol- 
lowed : the tenants began to 
praise the Lord and shout 
" glory " in the agent's par- 
lour. One Richard Williams, 
Tyddyn-bach, let his hat fall, 
clapped his hands, and began 
to leap in his clogs, shouting, 
" Blessed be God ! Hosannah 
to the Son of David'!" How- 



ever, fifteen of them ultimate- 
ly yielded, but Owen and two 
others refused, and had to 
leave their farms. Moreover, a 
determined effort was made to 
boycott Owen, who was a black- 
smith by trade. Notice was 
given the farmers not to give 
him work, under peril of losing 
their farms. So bitter were the 
measures adopted against him 
that even his mother, on peril 
of losing her farm, was forbid- 
den from harbouring or even 
seeing him. He therefore went 
for a time to Liverpool, but 
could not rest there. Having 
returned to his native county 
he married. The persecution 
he had to undergo was fierce. 
In passing through Llanerchy- 
medd stones were thrown at 
him, falling around him al- 
most like hailstones. " Preach- 
ing there on one occasion," he 
says, cc I was struck on my ear 
and other parts of my body, un- 
til I lost much blood." It is 
not known when he removed to 
Holyhead, or the precise date 
of his death : but it is recorded 
that he fought hard to the end 
of his life against the iniqui- 
ties of the land, and bore a 
faithful testimony to Christ un- 
der circumstances of great per- 
sonal danger. He had consid- 
erable preaching gifts, and 
would produce alternately 
much laughter and great ser- 
iousness. Drych yr Amser- 
oedd, page 182; Methodistiaeth 

Cymru, vol. ii., page 539, 540; 
Methodistiaeth Man, page 52. 

BWYS, Cardiganshire, was a. na- 
tive of Four Crosses,- Carnar- 
vonshire, and was one of the 
early exhorters. He was highly 
respected as a Christian, 
though he was not much of a 
preacher. Methodistiaeth De 
Aberteifi, page 150. 

SOUTH WALES, was one of the 
early preachers of South 
Wales, who visited North 
Wales. He was full of deter- 
mined vigour. Under a sermon 
preached by him, in Anglesea, 
the quaint Owen Thomas Row- 
land first enjoyed freedom from 
his spiritual bondage, and 
found great peace of mind. 
Methodistiaeth Mon, page 53. 

BRECHFA, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the early exhorters. Y 
Drysorfa, vol. xiv., page 181. 

COTHY, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the early exhorters. Y 
Drysorfa, vol. xiv., page 181. 

LLANBEDROG, Carnarvonshire,, 
was the son of Solomon Jones, 
and was born at Bryn-yr-odyn, 
in the parish of Llandyrnog, 
Carnarvonshire, about the year 
1774. His father was a quarry- 
man, and gave him a fairly 
good education. He exper- 
ienced when young the power 
of the truth acting as a restraint 
upon him and preserving him 



from the evil ways of the young 
people of his neighbourhood. 
He was specially moved by a 
sermon preached by the Rev. 
John Jones, Edeyrn. He served 
the cause of Christ well; first, 
through conducting day schools 
in various districts, and after- 
wards through the ministry of 
the Gospel, in which he was en- 
gaged for more than forty 
years. About the year 1800, he 
removed to Llanbedrog, Lleyn. 
He itinerated much, according 
to the custom of his day, visit- 
ing the churches both of North 
and South Wales. He excelled 
many of his brethren in the 
ministry as a reader of the 
Scriptures, in his chaste and 
suitable language, and in his 
earnestness in prayer. His 
main characteristic as a preach- 
er was his exposition of the 
Scriptures. He was received by 
the Association as a preacher at 
Carnarvon, in the year 1798, but 
was not ordained until the year 
1837. When on an itinerancy 
two years later in South Wales, 
he was taken ill at Merthyr 
Tydfil, and had to hasten home, 
where, after only three days, he 
died, November gth, 1839, aged 
66 years. He was buried at 
Llanbedrog. Several of his ser- 
mons appeared from time to 
time in the Drysorfa. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page 

FORDWEST, was one of the early 
exhorters in Pembrokeshire. At 

the time of the rupture between 
Rowland and Harris, he sided 
with the latter, and assisted 
him in seeking to make arrange- 
ments to carry on the work. 
But in a few months he with- 
drew from Harris and joined 
the Moravians, who had a 
church at Haverfordwest. After 
the healing of the breach be- 
tween the : two great leaders, 
Sparks occasionally took part 
in their gatherings again. 

LLECHRYD, Cardiganshire, when 
he started forth as a preacher 
was a young man of consider- 
able promise : great expecta- 
tions were awakened regarding 
him, but to the deep disappoint- 
ment of the churches, he died in 
1812, when he was twenty-eight 
years of age. He was an uncle 
of the Rev. David Stephens, 
who took a prominent part in 
the start of Methodism in Am- 
erica. Methodistiaeth De Aber- 
tei-fi, page 347. 

CASTLE-EMLYN, Carmarthenshire, 
was a man greatly beloved in 
his circle, and was very active 
in connection with the work of 
Methodism in the town and 
neighbourhood. When preach- 
ing at Fagwyr-goch one Sab- 
bath afternoon, a revival com- 
menced, the result of which was 
that thirty new members were 
added to the church. He died 
in the year 1799, aged 48 years. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 325. 


PEMBROKESHIRE, is included 
among the unordained preach- 
ers present at the first Associa- 
tion held at Watford. At the 
Association held at Trevecca, 
June, 1743, and at Abergavenny 
in March, 1744, he is spoken of 
as a Congregational minister. 
His heart was in full sympathy 
with the Methodists, and he co- 
operated earnestly with them. 
At an Association held in 
October, 1744, he was appointed 
to assist Howel Harris in the 
superintendence of the work 
over the whole of Wales. He 
travelled much both in North 
and South Wales, and like his 
brethren he suffered much hard- 
ship. On one occasion in An- 
glesea, April, 1744, he was 
preaching at Minffordd, a 
chapel which William Prit- 
chard, Plas Penmynydd, had 
erected and had registered ac- 
cording to the law for preach- 
ing purposes, and a crowd of 
opponents appeared, with great 
staves in their hand, to disturb 
the service. When he began to 
preach, the opponents poured a 
quantity of water upon his 
head, and caused a great noise 
with their staves. But Mr. 
Thomas, being a strong man 
and swift of foot, he escaped 
without receiving much harm. 
He was a pathetic preacher his 
tears often completely subdued 
his hearers. In the rupture be- 
tween Rowland and Harris, he 
sided with the former, and con- 

tinued to co-operate with him. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., 
page '4885 Drych yr Amseroedd, 
page 89. 

LLUAN, Carmarthenshire, was 
one of the early preachers, and 
is said to have preached fre- 
quently at Cwmamman, Car- 

THENSHIRE, was for some years 
a soldier. During this period 
he often preached in the towns 
and districts where he would 
be stationed from time to time. 
When he retired from the army 
in 1808 he was given permission 
by his Monthly Meeting to con- 
tinue to do so. 

GWYRYFON, Cardiganshire, be- 
gan to preach in the year 1782, 
and died in the year 1825. 

DEGAR, Monmouthshire, died 
March 25th, 1846. 

WEN, Glamorganshire, was one 
of the five exhorters living at 
Groeswen, who signed the his- 
torical document addressed to 
the Association at Cayo, be- 
seeching the Association to take 
action towards ordaining min- 
isters. What became of him is 
not known. 

was a co-worker with Howel 

DARON, Carnarvonshire, is pro- 
bably the same man as is spoken 



of as of Rhosddu, Llaniestyn. 
He had to leave home to avoid 
being captured by the press- 
gang, who, under the directions 
of the opponents of the Meth- 
odists, sought to seize him and 
some others of the early ex- 
hbrters. He had to reside for 
a time at Llanberis, making his 
home in a cave, where he slept 
at night, and crept forth in 
the day, until the fierceness of 
the persecution had passed : he 
then returned home. He was a 
thresher by calling. He lived 
until he became old, and was 
looked upon as a very godly 
man, and of a tender con- 
science. He often went forth to 
preach, taking a little bread 
and cheese in his pocket, not 
expecting anyone to give him 
even the barest fare. He is said 
by Michael Roberts in his 
father's " Memoir," to have 
commenced preaching in 1781, 
but this is supposed to be in- 
correct, as he is said to have 
been among the first preachers 
of Lleyn, who were of a consid- 
erably earlier date. For some 
years before his death he lost 


Ms eyesight, but yet continued 
to ^exhort with much faithful- 
ness.'' DrycTi yr Amseroedd, 
page 109. 

Glamorganshire, better known 
well-known preacher in South 
Wales, especially in Glamor- 
ganshire. His ways were very 
quaint. In appearance he was 

rough-looking, and in manners 
uncouth. As for refinement of 
language or dress he knew no- 
thing. He was brought up in 
one of the roughest districts of 
Glamorganshire, not far from 
Pontrhydyfen, where the 
ravines are narrow and deep, 
and the inhabitants, in Jenkin's 
day, knew but little of the out- 
side world. He knew nothing 
of the fear of men. The de- 
scription given of him by the 
Rev. Edward Matthews in a 
Sketch of his life and sayings 
is something to remember. He 
was born Sept. i6th, 1752, at 
Penhydd. He spent his early 
years in cultivating the soil and 
looking a ; fter the sheep on the 
rough" headlands where his 
farm lay, altogether thoughtless 
of his soul and eternity. In 
the mercy of God, he was con- 
verted' and led to forsake his 
evil ways, though 'he never be- 
camfe changed in his natural 
idiosyncracies, or softened by 
the " refining influences' of 
Christianity. He was ' convert- 
ed under a sermon preached by 
Evan Evans, Tyclai, a man 
as quaint as himself. Hearing 
of a strange preacher coming 
to his locality, he thought he 
would go and hear him. Evan 
Evans denounced sin in un- 
measured terms, and made 
Jenkin feel that he was a fear- 
fully bad man. His conscience 
accused him so deeply that he 
could hot find peace either day 
or night. His soiil roared 



within him. Whilst in this un- 
happy state of mind he heard a 
sermon by Mr. David Morris, 
Twrgwyn, which brought him 
much comfort but not complete 
rest : he found it however a lit- 
tle later through a sermon by 
the Rev. William Davies, 
Neath. The change he under- 
went was complete as regards 
his pleasures and the attention 
he gave to his spiritual welfare 
and the Kingdom of Christ. 
Henceforth he spent much time 
in prayer, and was known to re- 
tire frequently for the purpose 
to a quarry at the back of his 
house. Here he would often be 
found if he was required. One 
remarkable incident is recorded 
illustrative of this practice. 
His brother, who had no sym- 
pathy with his religious habits, 
determined, notwithstanding 
Jenkin's protest, to start on 
Sunday with a number of oxen 
for Llandaff fair. Jenkin want- 
ed him to start on Saturday, but 
the brother considered it would 
be too costly. " Believe me," he 
said, " it will be more costly 
for you to break the Sabbath 
and sin against God." How- 
ever, -the brother persisted, and 
started with the oxen for the 
fair on Sunday, and away 
Jenkin went to the quarry, with 
his soul full of zeal for God 
and His day. The party had 
not gone far from the house 
when one of the oxen fell and 
broke one of its legs. As soon 
as Thomas saw what had hap- 

pened, he shouted, " Shenkin iis 
in the quarry praying, mark 
you." He ran home and found 
that the ox broke its leg at the 
time Shenkin was praying. 

Upon his marriage he re- 
moved to Aberavon, and short- 
ly after he took a farm, called 
Goetre, not far distant, where 
he spent the remainder of .his 
days. He held membership in 
the old chapel, or rather barn, 
at Dyffryn. It is not known 
when he began to preach : the 
likelihood is that he gradually 
developed through giving short 
addresses at the church meet- 
ings and on other occasions as 
was necessary. As a citizen he 
was honest, open, plain, and 
hardworking. He rose early, 
his clothes were home-spun, and 
rarely brushed. As for his 
hair, it would seem that a comb 
had never passed through it. 
His hat was exceedingly broad- 
brimmed, pressed down in front 
almost to reach his nose. Quaint 
under all circumstances, he was 
peculiarly so when on horse- 
back. He usually had a long 
staff, which he raised up almost 
continually, at the same time 
working his legs as if they were 
a piece of machinery, digging 
them into the poor animal's side 
with much vigour. His appear- 
ance in the pulpit was equally 
rustic, and his language was not 
remarkable for its chasteness. 
His illustrations were numerous 
and homely. He was preaching 
one night at Creunant upon 


2 9S 

"Christ as the light of the 
world," and gave a practical 
illustration of the value of 
light. The only source of light 
in the chapel was a half -penny 
candle, placed close to the 
preacher. To illustrate there- 
fore what the religious world 
would be without Christ, he 
pressed the flame of the candle 
with his fingers, extinguishing 
the light, and then asked, 
"There, what can you see now?" 
In the interval, whilst some one 
fetched a light, he improved the 
occasion to show how helpless 
men would be without Christ. 
He seemed at times to be in- 
spired with superhuman insight 
into men's character. He was 
present at a church meeting 
away from home, when a young 
man was a candidate for church 
membership. He did not much 
like him : so when he rose to 
speak he told him, " You are a 
kite, seeking a mate." And 
strange to say, the event proved 
the truth of his remark : after 
securing the hand of a young 
lady who was a member of the 
church in marriage, he forsook 
the church and took no interest 
whatsoever in religion. Shencyn 
was famous throughout the 
churches for his ability in set- 
tling discords. He had peculiar 
and original methods in much 
that he did, but the object de- 
sired was usually attained. The 
devil was a very real person to 
him : and he had with him 
many a pitched battle, invari- 

ably coming off conqueror, and 
inflicting upon the devil's king- 
dom a severe blow in retaliation 
for some subtle attack of his foe. 
Multitudes of his sayings float- 
ed in society long after his 
death, and many of them are 
treasured in Mr. Matthews' his- 
tory of his life. Notwithstand- 
ing his rough exterior and 
ways, he suited his age, espe- 
cially as he was known to have 
many good qualities, such as 
perfect innocency and straight- 
forwardness, fiery zeal for God 
and the salvation of souls. He 
died Dec. 3rd, 1807, aged 61 
ysars. Hanes Bywyd Siencyn 
Penhydd, neu Mr. Jenkin Tho- 
mas, Penhydd; Y Traethodydd, 
vol. vi., page 67. 

DIGAN, was held in high esteem 
by the Churches of Methodism 
to the end of his long life. He 
died Feb. 3rd, 1849, aged 89 
years. He was the last of the 
batch of preachers who were or- 
dained at the first Methodist or- 
dination at Llandilo, August, 
1811. As a preacher, he was not 
one of the masters of the Assem- 
bly. His natural gifts were not 
conspicuous, nor had he en- 
joyed any early educational ad- 
vantages. Yet his sermons were 
well composed, and he had the 
power of expressing himself 
with much clearness. He spoke 
more to the intellect and the con- 
science than the heart. Rev. 
Owen Thomas says of him, 
that his sermons were composed 


so carefully and orderly that 
they appeared like " apples of 
. gold in pictures of silver." 
None of the old preachers took 
so much pains in writing their 
sermons. He wrote all of them 
several times not so much to 
improve them as to impress them 
on his memory. His sermons 
were, as Rev. Ebenezer Richards 
declared at an Association at 
Bala, " yn efrau pur heb ddim 
us yn gymysg ag ef," and 
specially suited for the nurture 
of his hearers in the fear and 
admonition of the.- Lord, and, 
for the times, remarkable for 
their order and minuteness. He 
was inclined to be reserved and 
silent, but was a warm and sin- 
cere friend in his circle. He 
was precise and orderly, and 
thus few faults could be found 
in him. He was born in 1760, 
in the parish of Ferwig, near 
Cardigan, and was .34 years of 
age when he began to preach. 
Previous to that- event, his 
social circumstances were' hum- 
ble, and his :fare< and that of his 
family, was. oftentimes hard. 
He began his religious life 
when 15 years of age with the 
Baptists. Four years later he 
joined the Methodists at Cwm- 
howni. 'He married young in 
life, : and experienced much of 
the hardships of bringing up a 
family when the earnings are 
small. In the hope of being 
able to provide more satisfac- 
torily for his family needs, he 
went to London to work at his 

trade as a tailor. After a time 
he returned to Cardigan to his 
family, and remained here to 
the end of his days. After a 
revival which took place in the 
year 1792, he desired to become 
a preacher of the Gospel, and 
expected to be urged to do so by 
the officers of the church, but 
they were silent in the matter. 
One' Sabbath evening -however,, 
the expected preacher did not 
come, so John Thomas was 
asked to read and pray : he did 
so, and at the same time took 
advantage of the opportunity to 
expound some of the verses of 
the passage of Scripture he 
read. He did this with such 
propriety and unction, that it 
proved the start of his minis- 
terial life, which . soon de- 
veloped into a career of great 
usefulness. He rapidly be- 
came a pillar of the cause, espe- 
cially in Cardiganshire, few 
surpassing him as a man of 
wise counsel. For some time 
ere he passed away, he was con- 
fined to his house, lingering on 
the banks of Jordan, but he was 
quite at his ease in the prospect 
of departing : to " the beautiful 
land on high." When the 
time came to enter within the 
veil, he was prepared for the 
Master's call. He was buried 
in Cardigan churchyard. His 
Memoir and Sermons, by -the 
Rev. Dr. Phillips, Hereford; 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 103; Enwogion Ceredig- 
ion, page 229. 



was a native of Nantcwnlle, 
sometimes called Llancwnlle, 
Cardiganshire. He was one of 
the early preachers of his na- 
tive county : and according to 
one of the lines on the head- 
stone of his grave, he must have 
been a great itinerant. Late 
in life he removed to Denbigh. 
He was clear and strong in the 
declaration of the doctrines of 
grace, and earnest and courage- 
ous In the service of Christ for 
a lengthened period. He ex- 
perienced very severe treatment 
on several occasions at the hands 
of the opponents of the Method- 
ist movement : once, in the year 
1769, when preaching at Hen- 
llan, near Denbigh. Occasion- 
ally, he would reveal that he 
had not perfect control of his 
temper : this led him at times 
into difficulties. He died at 
Denbigh, October 2nd, 1807, 
aged 84 years, having been a 
preacher of the Gospel for 62 
years,' and was buried at Llan- 
rhaiadr, Dyffryn Clwyd. On 
one occasion, when seeking to 
preach in the centre of the town 
of Llanrwst, the old hostile 
spirit ^against the Methodists 
was awakened, and when he 
began the service, the oppo- 
nents pelted him with dung and 
mud, so that the meeting had to 
be adjourned to the Groesffofdd, 
where the Methodist preaching 
services were usually held. On 
the headstone of his grave the 
following lines are inscribed, 

Gwr gwledig oedd.'nid gwael ei ddawn, 
Darllenydd, athrawiaethydd llawn ; 
Etifedd mawr heb feddu tir, 
Pererin tlawd mewn cyfoeth gwir ; 
Tros Gymru teithiodd dri ugain gwaith, 
Er amryvv boen a Hafur maith ; 
Tan gurfa ffodd p gyrraedd cur, 
Trwy farw aeth i fywyd pur. 

Drych yr Amseroedd, page 181 ; 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 133, vol. iii., page 185, 
237 ; Y Goleuad, Chwefror 27, 

BERIS, Carnarvonshire, was the 
son of Mr. Thomas Griffiths, 
Waunfawr, and the brother of 
Dafydd Ddu Eryri. In con- 
junction with his father, he 
started the cause at Llwyn- 
celyn, alias Capel Coch. He 
was a rather timid, though for 
the saints, an edifying preach- 
er. On one occasion he was 
preaching in a house near Plas- 
yn-Mhentir, when he was con- 
siderably frightened. His 
audience consisted of only 
seven people. But there was in 
a field near by a crowd of 
reckless men met together for a 
game of football. Mr. Thomas 
and his little company were 
afraid to sing lest the foot- 
ballers should hear, and be 
moved to rush in upon them. 
However, they timidly ventured 
to start a tune, and, as they 
feared, the attention of those 
outside was attracted by the 
singing of the little company, 
and they rushed in with oaths 
upon their lips, threatening to 
pull the house down upon their 



heads unless Thomas would 
come out to preach to them. So 
in fear and trembling he yield, 
ed. However, they listened to 
him in quiet, and afterwards re- 
turned to their sport. He be- 
gan to preach in 1768, and con- 
tinued to do so until Feb., 1831, 
when he died, aged 83 years. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 209. 

IDLOES, Montgomeryshire, was 
one of the early exhorters, and 
was at the same time a school- 

FAWR, Montgomeryshire, was 
one of the early preachers of 
Methodism, and began to 
preach at Llanwyddelan. He 
visited Llanfyllin in 1778, pur- 
posing to start a cause there, 
but the noise made by the ene- 
mies of the Gospel was so great 
that he and his companion, 
William Jones, had to desist, 
and he was moreover severely 
treated by the mob, so much so 
that he narrowly escaped with 
his life. Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii., pages 394, 421. 

FECCA, Breconshire, lived for 21 
years at Bantllefrith, near 
Brecon. He spent the remain- 
der of his life at Trefecca, 
where he died in 1823. 

gomeryshire, was the son of 
Thomas Abel. He was one of 
the disciples of Howel Harris, 

and went on preaching itiner- 
ancies. He dropt his father's 
surname and was known sim- 
ply as John Thomas. Evan 
Thomas, who is said to have 
had to do with editing the Eur- 
grawn Cymreig, the first Welsh 
periodical, in conjunction with 
the Rev. Peter Williams, was 
his son. Both father and son 
were poets. 

AN-WEN, near GAERWEN, Angle- 
sea, was one of the earliest 
preachers of Methodism in An- 
glesea. At great personal 
danger, he re-started preaching 
at Beaumaris, after it had been 
discontinued for some time in 
consequence of the persecution 
it had provoked. There were 
but two good women in the town 
who made a profession of re- 
ligion. He informed them that 
he would come there to preach 
on the following Sunday. 
When they heard this they were 
troubled and hardly knew what 
to do. However, they prayed 
and prepared a place for the 
service, and got the co-opera- 
tion of a strong man, who pro- 
mised to preserve the preacher 
from being molested. In com- 
pany with five or six brethren, 
he started on Sunday morning 
for Beaumaris, but when he 
approached the town his heart 
well-nigh failed him. After 
united prayer, however, his 
courage revived, and having 
reached the town, a successful 
meeting was held, and from 



that time forward the preach- 
ing was regularly continued. 
He died Oct. i8th, 1784, aged 
40 years, and was buried in 
Llanddaniel churchyard, in the 
same year as Hugh Griffith, 
who had been the means of his 
conversion. Drych yr Amser- 
edd, page 184; Methodistiaeth 
Man, page 59. 

:FENDIGAID, Cardiganshire, is 
Teferred to by the Rev. Wil- 
liam Williams, Pantycelyn, in 
one of his reports to the As- 
sociation, as superintendent of 
some of the churches of Car- 
diganshire in 1744. He repre- 
sents him as preaching once a 
week to the church at Tre- 

I^LANFECHELL, Anglesea, was 
one of the first, if not the very 
first, of the preachers of Meth- 
odism in Anglesea. In his 
early years he was thoroughly 
worldly and ungodly. Dur- 
ing this period, he involved 
Ihimself heavily in debt, and 
fled to South Waes to avoid 
"his creditors. Here, he heard 
the Gospel, and became a new 
.man. He at once forsook his 
old habits and succeeded in 
making a little money. He 
afterwards returned to his na- 
<tlve county, paid his old debts, 
and began to preach the Gos- 
pel to those who were perish- 
ing through lack of knowledge. 
The change in him was so 
great, and the proof of his 

honesty so unmistakeable, that 
his neighbours were disposed 
the more readily to hearken to 
him, and his ministry was 
blessed to many. He resided 
at Llanfechell. According to 
an article in the Drysorfa, 
Nov., 1813, he resided at Llan- 
feches, where he followed the 
occupation of a butcher. But 
the Rev. John Pritchard, in his 
Meihodistiaeth Man, page 27, 
states that there is no such 
place as " Llanfeches " in the 
island, and that the " s " must 
be a printer's blunder for 
" 11." Drych yr Amseroedd, 
page 182. 

CAERFARCHELL, Pembrokeshire, 
was a native of Trelech, Car- 
marthenshire, and was born a- 
bout the year 1739. In his early 
years he spent a rollicking life, 
fond of drink and pugilistic 
practices. When 21 years of 
age, he underwent a great 
change. At the time of his 
marriage with a widow living 
near Solva, thirteen years later, 
he removed there to reside, and 
for the remainder of his life he 
laboured chiefly as a preacher 
in Pembrokeshire. It is known 
that he preached at Llanllyfni, 
Carnarvonshire, in 1792. He 
was well-versed in the Scrip- 
tures, and excelled in his 
ability in conducting church 
meetings. He died in 1807, 
aged 68 years. His wife also 
died on the same day, and both 
were buried at the same time. 



Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii. 3 
page 298. 

DON, was one of the early 
Welsh Methodist preachers in 
the metropolis. In consequence 
of a case of discipline in which 
he felt much interest, and to 
which he was strongly oppos- 
ed, he left the Methodists joint- 
ly with Mr. Daniel Jenkins a 
son-in-law of the Rev. Daniel 
Rowland who was also a 
preacher. Under the joint in- 
fluence of these two, almost the 
whole church in Gravel Lane 
Chapel went over to the Con- 
gregationalists, and at the same 
time held possession of the 
chapel. It is not known 
whether was it in London or in 
the country that Thomas began 
to preach. 

TWS, Merionethshire, was a 
preacher in the year 1824. 

better known as PIL, Glamor- 
ganshire, was born in the year 
1723, at Dyffryn Uchaf, in the 
parish of Margam, Glamorgan- 
shire. He was one of the early 
workers of Methodism, having 
been converted when he was 
sixteen years of age, under the 
powerful ministry of Howel 
Harris in 1739. In 1760 he re- 
moved from the Dyffryn to Ty- 
Draw, Pil. He travelled fre- 
quently to Llangeitho, a dis- 
tance of sixty miles or more 
from his home, to be present 
with the saints on Communion 

Sunday. After his conversion, 
his house was ever open for 
God's servants, and he became 
himself a preacher of the Gos- 
pel from house to house. He 
was often treated, like others of 
his brethren, with a shower of 
rotten eggs, when he would 
stand up on the village green to 
proclaim the glad tidings of" 
salvation. He had faith and 
patience to persevere, and he- 
lived to see a great change in 
the attitude of the people. The 
Lord prospered him in his; 
secular calling, so that he be- 
came a great helper to the cause 
of Methodism in his locality. 
He was more renowned for his-, 
praying than his preaching : 
on his knees he was a prince 
with God. He died August: 
22nd, 1811, aged 88 years. In 
consequence of failing health,' 
he had not taken part in' min- 
isterial work for some time 
previous to his death. Y Dry- 
sor-fa, 1849, Page 33- 

BRYNMAIR, Montgomeryshire, 
was born at Hafodypant, Llan- 
brynmair, January iSth, 1719. 
He was the youngest of five 
sons, all of whom were brought 
up to fear the Lord from their 
youth. He was received into- 
membership at Llanbrynmair 
when but fourteen years of age : 
and in the year 1738, when but 
nineteen years of age, he be- 
gan to preach. He was a great 
reader, and acquired consider- 
able knowledge of Greek and! 



Latin. In the year 1741* he 
went for a. time to Llanddow- 
Tor, to attend Rev. Griffith 
Jones's school, and subse- 
quently, for. a short time, he 
conducted a school himself in 
the neighbourhood. He joined 
the early Calvinistic Method- 
ists, and became intimately as- 
sociated .with them. He was 
present at their first Association 
at Watford, January, 1743, and 
was appointed overseer of the 
Societies of Radnorshire and 
Montgomeryshire. -At a Month- 
ly Meeting at Glanyrafonddu, 
'Carmarthenshire, March ist, 
1743, it was resolved that he 
should open a school in Pem- 
"brokeshire. At a Monthly 
Meeting held at Nantmel, Rad- 
norshire, April 1 8th, 1744, he 
was appointed to visit all the 
'Societies in Montgomeryshire 
once every week. But in the 
following autumn it was re- 
solved, that he should go to 
brother. John Richard to learn 
book-binding. It is not known 
"how long he was with this 
"brother, who superintended a 
section of the Societies -in Car- 
marthenshire and Glamorgan- 
;shire. He was however back in 
Montgomeryshire in 1745, and 
carried on his former work of 
visiting the churches. As the 
work spread, his diocese ex- 
tended, and he was appointed 
to superintend all the Societies 
in the counties of Merioneth, 
Carnarvon, Denbigh, and Mont- 
gomery. For fifteen years and 

upwards he visited each of the 
Societies once in three months, 
and every question of import- 
ance was submitted to him for 
decision. Time and again he 
suffered much at the hands of 
the enemies of the Methodist 
movement. When the rupture 
took place between Harris and 
Rowland in 1751, he was in- 
tensely grieved. At first he 
hardly knew which side to take, 
but ultimately he joined Row- 
land and his co-workers, and 
continued to labour with them 
until the year 1762. In that 
year, he accepted the call of the 
Independent Church at Llan- 
brynmair to become its pastor, 
in succession to the Rev. Lewis 
Rees, who had left for Glamor- 
ganshire ; and in November, 
1762, he was ordained as such. 
For the remaining 35 years of 
his life he laboured with much 
zeal in that capacity, still 
preaching with the Methodists 
and attending their Associa- 
tions as before, when circum- 
stances would permit, making 
no difference between the one 
denomination and the other. He 
was the first to preach at Car- 
narvon, in 1770, when he was 
severely treated. He and his 
horse were imprisoned in the 
castle over night. Though not 
a great orator, he was a most 
successful preacher, and a 
broad-minded man : he loved the 
essential doctrines of religion 
far more than those which are 
peculiar to the several denom- 



inations. He was widely known 
and gladly welcomed through- 
out the churches of all denom- 
inations. He died March i8th, 
1798, in the eightieth year of 
his age, and was buried at the 
parish church of Llanbrynmair. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., 
page 118; Montgomeryshire 
Worthies, page 298. 

INN, Monmouthshire, began his 
ministerial life with the Meth- 
odists, and lived at Mynydd- 
islwyn. His abilities were of 
the brightest, and during the 
early years of his ministry he 
was reckoned among the popu- 
lar preachers of his denomina- 
tion. Under a sermon by him, 
the Rev. Ebenezer Morris, ac- 
cording to his own testimony, 
received very deep religious im- 
pressions. He was ordained a 
minister of the New Inn 
Church, near Newport, Mon- 
mouthshire. At first, his minis- 
try here was highly esteemed, 
but gradually his popularity 
waned, through that he became 
a prey to a worldly spirit 
which greatly affected his min- 
istry, and the aspect of affairs 
changed for the worse. He held 
his position in this church for 
36 years. He then resigned and 
rejoined the Methodists, and 
continued for four years to 
preach, wherever his services 
would be required. It is said 
that during this brief period he 
was renewed in the spirit of his 
mind. He died in the year 1819. 

IDLOES. This good man was 
born at Trefeglwys, Montgom- 
eryshire, but lived the greater 
part of his life at Llanidloes. 
He travelled much as a preach- 
er of the Gospel throughout the 
whole of Wales, and was fairly 
popular. ^rle was remarkable 
for his witty and pithy say- 
ings, which seldom failed him. 
Preaching at Dolgelley Associa- 
tion at the early morning ser- 
vice, he was preceded by the 
venerable Robert Jones, Rhos c 
Ian, whose text was Exodus 
xvii. 42, and he preached upon 
Moses smiting the rock. His 
own text was the third verse of 
the same chapter, and he began 
by saying, " My brother has 
been smiting the rock, and I 
shall open the sea : and accord- 
ing to all order I should have 
been first." Speaking of believ- 
ing, he said that the believer 
frequently knew of three fail- 
ures in the great matter of be- 
lieving, i, Unable to believe. 
2, Unable to be at peace without 
believing. 3, Unable not to be- 
lieve. He sometimes finds be- 
lieving as difficult as were he to 
try to create a world, and yet 
he cannot possibly remain at 
ease in the condition of not be- 
lieving, and yet in this condi- 
tion, when the Christian gets a 
clear view of God's testimony, 
to believe is as easy as to 
breathe. Preaching on another 
occasion from the words, " Look 
unto me and be ye saved, all the 



ends of the earth, for I am God 
and there is none else," Isaiah 
xlv. 22, he remarked, "that 
man's face is in the wrong 
direction (o chwyth) ; in the 
direction his back should be; 
and his back is in the direction 
his face should be, and God 
calls upon him to turn about. 
You must understand, friends, 
that God takes no one to heaven 
backwards." In this style he 
would, usually discourse, and 
hence he readily won the atten- 
tion of his hearers. On his last 
itinerancy he went as far as 
Holyhead, where he was over- 
taken by man's last enemy, and 
died, November, 1815, aged 71 
years, after having been a 
preacher of the Gospel for 47 
years. Y Drysorfa, page 248; 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 175. 
LLANDDEWI, Cardiganshire, was 
usually a very ordinary preach- 
er, but, in his case, as that of 
many others, a revival, which 
spread far and wide, began un- 
der one of his sermons. This 
was in 1779. It came to pass in 
this way. He was preaching one 
Sabbath afternoon at Soar, a 
lonely place in the midst of the 
mountains that lie between 
Llanwrtyd and Tregaron. Dur- 
ing the sermon, a deep feeling 
came over his hearers, which led 
them to rejoice in an unusual de- 
gree, and they continued sing- 
ing, praying, and rejoicing, un- 
til the break of dawn on Mon- 
day morning. Rev. Daniel 

Rowland hearing of it, resolved 
to visit the congregation the 
following Sabbath. He did so, 
and he marvelled at what he 
witnessed. When he returned 
home on Monday, he said, " It 
is a heath fire and will spread." 
So it did. A general revival of 
religion took place throughout 
the country, and continued for 
four years, and spread through- 
out both North and South 
Wales. Methodistiaeth De Aber- 
teifi, page 50. 

PONTYPRIDD, died August 5th, 
1844, aged 71 years, after hav- 
ing preached the Gospel for 
forty-five years. He was well- 
known throughout North and 
South Wales. He itinerated al- 
most more than any of his 
brethren, and his ministry was 
of much comfort to the saints. 
It may be said of him what 
cannot be said of any other in- 
dividual, whether ministerial 
or lay, that he was present at 
every ordination service in 
connection with his denomina- 
tion, both in North and South 
Wales, until the time of his 
death : he did not miss one. 
Indeed, he had just returned 
home from Bala Association 
when he was seized by the ill- 
ness which proved fatal to him. 
Though he spent so much time 
itinerating, he died at home in 
the midst of his family, and 
was buried at Radyr, near Car- 
diff. Y Drysorfa, vol. xiv.. 
page 288. 



GYFYLCHI, Glamorganshire, 

kept a school at .his home, and 
preached frequently at Aber- 
dare at the beginning of the 
Cause in the district. 

GYNON, Montgomeryshire, was 
a native of' Llanwyddelan, 
where he was born, October 
2oth, 1785. He was early im- 
pressed by Divine truth, and 
hegan to preach when he was 
quite young. His preparation 
for the work' of the ministry 
embraced, not years of collegi- 
ate training, but whole nights 
spent in prayer at Dol-y-gaer 
"Wood, near New Mills, in 
'company with his " comrade 
through the "wilderness," H. 
Gwalchmai, and with whom he 
laboured much as a pioneer in 
the establishment of English 
causes throughout the Goror, 
and this for scant remunera- 
tion. He was also a popular 
"Welsh preacher, and was or- 
dained at Bala, June 8th, 1842. 
He died September 25th of the 
same year, aged 56 years, and 
was interred in the graveyard 
of Adfa Chapel. He was mar- 
ried to a daughter of Mr. Is- 
mael Jones, Llandinam. The 
Rev. Moses Williams, Aber- 
avon, is his youngest son. The 
Treasury, vol. xxi., page 333. 

D o v E R Y , Carmarthenshire, 
preached at Cayo in the year 

MAES, Montgomeryshire, came 
to Cemmaes as a teacher in con- 
nection with Madame Sevan's 
school. He was also stationed 
for a time at Aberangell. At 
these places and elsewhere he 
often preached. Among his 
converts was one Owain Sion, 
who took a prominent part in 
the early history of Methodism 
in his district. 

DOVERY, Carmarthenshire. His 
career as a preacher was short. 

YFRONYDD, Glamorganshire, 
was, according to the author of 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, a native 
of Llandyfeilog, Carmarthen- 
shire; but according to the 
author of the " Tadau Method- 
istaidd," he was a. native of 
Tregaron. However, he was 
among the early preachers 'of 
the Methodist movement. He 
travelled much through the 
northern as well as the southern 
province of the Principality, 
and was spoken of frequently 
as Dafydd William .Dafydd. 
At the second Association held 
at Watford, in April, 1743, he 
was appointed Superintendent 
of Lledrod and several other 
churches in Cardiganshire, but 
there is no reference to any re- 
port having been received from 
him. He was also one of four 
appointed by the South Wales 
Association to officiate at Bala 
in rotation, when the cause was 



very weak, and there was no 
preacher resident anywhere in 
North Wales. The few who form- 
ed the church were so poor that 
they could hardly afford to give 
the preacher lodging accommo- 
dation, much less any financial 
support; but the friends in 
South Wales were full of sym- 
pathy with them, and rendered 
all the help they could. Mr. 
Williams was so highly thought 
of at Bala that he was invited 
and urged upon to settle there. 
John Evans, Bala, speaks of 
Trim as being meek and gentle 
in disposition, and his ministry 
as accompanied with much unc- 
tion. After travelling for some 
years, and suffering much per- 
secution, many hardships and 
reproaches, he married Miss 
Prichard, Talygarn, and set- 
tled at Llysyfronydd. His life 
was endangered at Caergwrle, 
Flintshire, on one of his visits 
to North Wales, through the 
violence of his opponents. 
Through the lack of clergymen 
to administer the church or- 
dinances to the numerous little' 
flocks in the Vale of Glamor- 
gan, David Williams was or- 
<dained a minister of the church 
at Aberthyn, near Cowbridge, 
where in 1749 a chapel had been 
"built the first built by the 
Methodists in Glamorganshire. 
His ordination was similar to 
that of Morgan John Lewis, at 
Ne'w Inn, Monmouthshire, in 
simple response to the call of 
the church. This course was 

pursued uader the advice of the 
Rev. Daniel Rowland. He ad- 
ministered the ordinances here 
regularly every month to the 
end of his life, and the service 
was attended by many from 
districts round about. Though 
thus ordained, he continued his 
connection with- the Methodists, 
frequenting -, their Monthly 
Meetings and Associations, and 
also itinerating more or less 
through Wales like other 
preachers. He was well-versed- 
in the Scriptures. His minis- 
try was characterised by gentle- 
ness and tenderness ; he was a 
Barnabas, a son of comfort, 
rather than a Boanerges. He 
died May 5th, 1792, aged 75 
years. DrycJi yr Amseroedd, 
page 103 ; Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, 'vol. iii., page 20, 51 ; Y 
Tadau Methodistaidd, vol. i., 
page 232. 

BUCKLEY, Flintshire, was born 
in 1799. When about twenty 
years of age he began to think 
in earnest of his soul, and 
joined the Methodists at Caer- 
gwrle. He. was a young man 
endowed with strong and- clear 
faculties. In October, 1827, he 
was given permission to exer- 
cise his gifts as a preacher, and 
for the five years that follow- 
ed, he was most earnest, and at- 
tained to considerable popu- 
larity. But his days came to 
an end before he had time to 
become known outside the limits 


of his own Monthly Meeting. 
He died March zoth, 1833. 

LLANGWYRYFON, Cardiganshire. 
Nothing is known of him be- 
yond the fact that he was a 

MEIFOD, Montgomeryshire, was 
an acceptable preacher during 
the latter half of the eigh- 
teenth century. He was the son 
of Robert Williams, a miller 
at Meifod. He died February 
i3th, 1806, aged 82 years. 

FIELD (Cegidfa), Montgomery- 
shire, was converted under the 
ministry of George Whitfield 
in London. When he returned 
from the metropolis, he settled 
down at Fegin, in the parish 
of Llandrinio. He was the first 
who preached in the Mardy 
Mill, where the cause, which 
became that of the Tabernacle, 
was begun. He was a very 
godly man and devoted to the 
Methodist movement. He 
preached at the first Associa- 
tion held at Machynlleth a 
powerful sermon on the words 
" The judgment sat and the 
books were opened." He mar- 
ried a sister of the Rev. Evan 
Griffiths, Meifod's, mother. 

GYNLAIS, was the child of re- 
ligious parents. He was him- 
self converted partly through 
the ministry of one Lewis 
Jones, a Congregational minis- 
ter, and partly through reading 

Bunyan's booklet, entitled 
" Come and welcome to Jesus 
Christ." He was so taken up 
by this book of Bunyan's that 
he committed it to memory, 
and it was of much service to 
him as a preacher. Shortly- 
after his conversion, he joined 
the Methodists, and visited the- 
Rev. Griffith Jones, Llanddow- 
ror, who, on February 27th, 
1742, sent him to Lleyn to open 
one of his Free Schools. But 
the persecution he met with was 
so fierce that he fled for his life. 
The press-gang came to Tyddyn 
Mawr farm to seize him, but as 
the family had been warned" 
of their coming, they hid him 
under lock in a large cupboard. 
After searching everywhere and 
failing to find him, one of them 
came to the cupboard, exclaim- 
ing, with an oath, at. the same- 
time kicking it with his foot, 
" Possibly, he may be here."" 
However, they did not find him, 
and he hastened away under- 
cover of night. Amid many 
hardships, he found his way 
back to South Wales. He con- 
tinued about two years with the- 
Methodists, and then toot 
charge of a Congregational 

BWLAN, Carnarvonshire, died' 
February 27th, 1844. He had 
not been long a preacher before- 
he was cut down. He worked 
whilst it was day, but the night 
came upon him quickly. He- 
was full of fire and energy.. 



His ministry was very effective, 
and he was himself much re- 
spected. He was the means of 
doing very much good. He was 
summoned in mid-life to dwell 
in the country of which he loved 
to speak, both in the pulpit and 
in private conservation. Y 
Drysorfa, vol. xiv., page 222. 

TREFRIW, Denbighshire. His 
name is included in the list of 
deceased preachers in the Dry- 
sorfa, 1836. 

GOB., began to preach in the 
year 1814. He was a brother 
much beloved, but his career as 
a preacher was short. He died 
in 1823, aged 52 years. 

RUG, Carnarvonshire, was one 
of the early preachers. 

PETER, Cardiganshire, was one 
of the early overseers of the 
churches in Carmarthenshire, 
and the southern parts of Car- 
diganshire. Of these churches 
he speaks in his Report in the 
highest terms ; he considered 
that they excelled all other 
churches known to him, in their 
love of God and the Gospel, in 
their earnest desire to walk 
worthy of their vocation, and 
also for their loving fellowship, 
free from persecution or any 
disturbances from without, ex- 
cept some little opposition at 
Lampeter. Whilst the members 
of the Society were together 

singing Psalms and praying, a 
justice of the peace with his 
servants came upon them, and 
he who was at the time lead- 
ing in prayer was taken into 
custody. A report of the state of 
the Societies under his charge, 
written by him and presented to 
the Association in 1743, is in 
the Trevecca Minutes. Mefh- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. i., page 

LLANWYDDELAN, Montgomery- 
shire, was converted under a 
sermon by Howel Harris in the 
parish of Llanllugan. There 
were many others converted at 
the same service. He began to 
preach in the year 1760 and con- 
tinued to do so for 54 years, 
oftentimes enduring much hard- 
ship. He lived for some time 
successively at Llanidloes and 
Llanbrynmair. Through his 
faithfulness, he occupied a pro- 
minent place in his Monthly 
Meeting, though he was but a 
very ordinary preacher. He 
exercised much care over the 
cause in his sphere. He was 
anything but meek and gentle 
in his treatment of his young 
brethren, both lay and minister- 
ial. He considered that it was 
well to be a little severe to- 
wards them, and keep them un- 
der foot, when they were being 
received into office. He was 
wont to say, " if he is a dog he 
will bite, but if a sheep he will 
suffer." He died in 1814. 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 174. 

3 o8 


GOR, was born at Carneddi, 
Carnarvonshire, in the year 
1794, and died Nov. aist, 1845, 
aged 51 years. His father was 
a deeply religious man, but 
died when John was seven years 
of age. He had no early edu- 
cation, and was twenty-one 
years of age before he knew 
the alphabet. But he ap- 
plied himself with such ardour 
and constancy to the attainment 
of knowledge that he soon came 
to read and to master the ele- 
ments of the Welsh Grammar 
and to acquire considerable 
general knowledge, and an ac- 
quaintance with theology; at 
the same time pursuing his or- 
dinary, avocation. He was 
twenty-six years of age when 
he joined the church, and re- 
ceived shortly afterwards per- 
mission to preach. He was an 
earnest and resolute man. As a. 
Christian, his . chief features 
were his respect for .the Bible, 
his faithfulness to the means of 
grace, his consistent Christian 
character, and fiis desire to do 
good to others. As a preacher 
he was not popular his style be- 
ing heavy, but his sermons al- 
ways contained solid matter for 
attentive hearers. He worked 
hard under considerable disad- 
vantages to prepare worthily for 
the pulpit. He was fond of 
poetry and wrote much himself. 
His early death thwarted some 
literary work he had hoped to 

accomplish. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xviii., page 33. 

ATHRAW, Carnarvonshire, was 
one of the early preachers. 

GELLAU'S name is included in 
the list of deceased preachers in 
the Drysorfa, 1836. 

WILLIAMS, MR. JOHN (first), 
DOLYDDELEN, Merionethshire. 
His name is frequently met 
with in the history of Method- 
ism, in North Wales ; . he was 
for 52 years a preacher of con- 
siderable note. He was born 
in the year 1757, at Fedw-deg, 
in the parish of Penmachno. He 
was one of the thousands who 
beuefited through the Circulat- 
ing Schools of the Rev. Griffith 
Jones. When sixteen years of 
age also he was for twelve- 
months in a school in England. 
Soon after his return, he left 
his father, who was a widower, 
and went to reside with his 
grandparents at Dolyddelen. 
By this time he had taken to 
evil ways card-playing, wakes, 
drinking, and all manner of 
corrupt practices. Though his 
grandfather had some good 
books in his house which John 
read, and by which he was 
pricked in his conscience and 
slightly checked in his deeds, 
yet he had not much sympathy 
with the Methodists or religion 
of any kind, and resented any 
enquiry from those who were 
able to direct him as regards his 
soul's salvation. However, 



about the year 1778, he heard 
one John Jones, Hafod-Ifan, 
preach, and got a promise from 
him to come and hold a service 
at Dolyddelen. As a result 
the cause there was commenced, 
a church was formed, and John 
Williams joined it. In 1786, he 
married Margaret Richards, 
Bertheos. It is supposed that 
he began to preach about the 
year 1787, when he was 30 
years of age, and his preaching 
during the subsequent 3 r ears of 
his life was exceedingly ac- 
ceptable throughout the Princi- 
pality. He was of a gentle 
and kind disposition, ever seek- 
ing to win the hearts of the 
people rather than command and 
drive them. During 'the years 
of his ministry he was never 
absent from the Association held 
annually at Bala, nor was any- 
thing, except illness, or a great 
depth of snow, allowed to hin- 
der him from fulfilling his pul- 
pit engagements. He spent 
the last three years of his life 
at Conway, with his daughter 
and her husband, Mr. E. Rich- 
ardson. He died March 27th, 
1839, aged 82 years, and his re- 
mains were buried at Doly- 
ddelen. Dr. Owen Thomas re- 
cords of him the following in- 
cident which he heard him re- 
peat. On one of his visits to 
Llangeitho he had walked the 
whole distance from Doly- 
ddelen. tc I was so tired," he 
said, " that I was more fit to go 
to bed than to attend a service. 

But Rowland began to preach. 
His text was 'And in this 
mountain shall the Lord make 
unto all people a feast of fat 
things, a feast of wines on the 
lees .... of wines on the lees 
well refined.' And you never 
heard such a thing . He set to 
tapping the barrels of the co- 
venant of grace, and to let the 
pure wine run, and break the 
thirst of the people therewith. 
Indeed, it seemed to be pouring 
through the chapel. I drank 
thereof until I was as drunk as. 
a fool, and there I was, and 
scores with me, thinking no- 
thing of our fatigue, shouting, 
and some of us jumping, for 
hours." Methoddstiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. i., page 529. 

WILLIAMS, Ms. JOHN (second), 
DOLYDDELEN, Merionethshire, 
was the eldest child of William 
and Mary Jones, Ty'nllan, Dol- 
yddelen, and a nephew, the son 
of a cousin, of Mr. J. Williams, 
first, Dolyddelen. He was 
born in 1804. He had the mis- 
fortune of losing his father- 
when he was six years of age. 
His parents were members of 
the church at Dolyddelen, so he 
harl the privilege of being 
brought up under religious in- 
fluences, and when he reached a 
suitable age he was received 
into full communion. He was 
fond of attending religious 
services. From his twelfth 
birthday onward, he annually' 
attended the Bala Association, 
though he had twenty miles to 


walk. Towards the end of 
1817, Dolyddelen was favoured 
with a great revival which left 
a deep impression upon his 
mind, and called forth his acti- 
vities with the work of God, 
especially in the Sabbath 
School. In the year 1829, he 
was chosen a deacon, and in 
that same year, in the month 
of December, he began to 
preach. In 1834, he married 
Anne, the eldest daughter of 
the Rev. Cadwaladr Owen, Dol- 
yddelen, who bore him two 
children. As a preacher he was 
evangelical and popular : his 
style was lively and his themes 
were plain and pleasing. But 
his career was short : he died 
Oct. 26th, 1836, when he was 
but 32 years of age, and had 
been a preacher but 6 years. 

LLAN, near DENBIGH, joined the 
church at Brynbugad, and be- 
came a very fervent preacher. 
He died at Aberffraw whilst 0.1 
an itinerancy,- in Anglesea. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii., 
page 122. 

DEGAI, Carnarvonshire, was born 
in the year 1756. He is said 
to have been the first Method- 
ist in the parish of Llandegai. 
In his early years he was a 
thorough man of the world, 
but he underwent a complete 
change of heart and life quite 
accidentally. He was prepar- 
ing to attend a baptismal feast, 
at which he expected to join in 

the festivities of the occasion. 
Just as he had completed his 
preparations, he opened a Bible 
which was near him at the soth 
Psalm, and read until the 2ist 
verse "These things hast thou 
done, and I kept silence; thou 
thoughtest that I was altogether 
such an one as thyself." The 
words pierced his heart. He 
did not however forsake his evil 
ways at once. He was for 
months under considerable dis- 
tress of mind. Hearing that 
a stranger the Rev. D. Jones, 
Llangan was to preach in 
Anglesea, he went to hear him, 
with the result that he de- 
clared " these people shall be 
my people henceforth and for 
ever.' 5 In 1787, he succeeded 
in getting preaching in his own 
house at Felinisa : and services 
were held here for about 8 
years. By occupation he was a 
blacksmith ; and in the year 
1800, he began to preach, and 
continued to do so with great 
faithfulness until the year 
1816, when he passed to his re- 
ward. He rendered much ser- 
vice in '.he district of Llan- 
degai. Methodistiaeth Cymru, 
vol. ii., page 246. 

FACHRETH, Anglesea, came here 
from Carnarvonshire. His 
name is included in the list of 
deceased ministers in the Dry- 
sor-fa, 1836 

GEITHO, Cardiganshire, died 
September 6th, 1839, aged 100 


years, having been a preacher 
for 60 years. At first, he only 
accompanied other preachers, on 
their itinerancies, and intro- 
duced the services for them. 
On one occasion when he ac- 
companied William Richard 
Llwyd on an itinerancy, Llwyd, 
for some reason or other was 
obliged to return home before 
he had completed his tour. But 
John Williams proceeded on the 
journey, and delivered a ser- 
mon at each place where W. R. 
Llwyd was to have done so. 
Thus he first developed iato a 
preacher, and he continued to 
exercise the gift to the end of 
his days. His chief feature 
however was his excellence in 
prayer. He was locally known 
as " Shon Scubor." After a 
chapel was built at Llangeitho 
he lived in the barn in which 
services were pre^'ously held 
and which was Converted into a 
dwelling house for him. He 
held for years the position of 
steward of Rowland's two farms 
Gwenallt and Meidrim. 

ROD, Cardiganshire, was one of 
the few clergymen who adhered 
to the Methodist church after 
its complete severance from the 
Established Church in the year 
1811. He had been in co-opera- 
tion with the Methodists since 
the year 1781, when he was re- 
ceived a member by the church 
at Swyddffynon. He was born 
at Pengwenhir, a farmhouse 
near Pontrhydfendigaid, in 

1747, and was educated at the 
Ystradmeurig school, purposing 
to take Orders in the Church. 
He was even then a wild and 
thoughtless youth, and took 
part in all the ways of young 
men of the world. During the 
same period he felt some lean- 
ing towards the Methodists, and 
occrsionally attended their ser- 
vices. This last fact placed 
him in danger of being refused 
ordination. Indeed, the old 
clergyman, who had promised 
to present him, refused for a 
time to do so on the plea of 
haviog heard a rumour that he 
was in sympathy with the Meth- 
odists. This old gentleman 
took no exception to his wild 
escalades, of which he could 
hardly have missed hearing : 
but his sympathy with the Meth- 
odists was an insuperable 
barrier to his being presented 
for Holy Orders. But Williams 
assumed the role of one who 
did not know who the Method- 
ists were, and asked the clergy- 
man who were these people ? In 
reply, he described them in very 
strong terms as people who tra- 
versed the country to deceive in- 
nocent people, spreading seeds 
of poisonous heresies. To this, 
Williams replied that he knew 
no such devils. He offered 
also to get testimonials from 
respectable persons as to his in- 
nocence of having anything to 
do with such miserable miscre- 
ants. Hearing him speak 
thus, the clergyman was satis- 

3 r ? 


fied and at once fulfilled his 
promise, and the young candi- 
date was ordained deacon on 
August igth, 1770, and priest, 
September ist, 1771. For some 
years after, Williams continued 
his wild habits, often taking off 
his coat, immediately after 
reading prayers in Church on 
Sunday, to play ball with 
young men of a similar class to 
himself. But a change came 
to pass. He was converted un- 
der a sermon preached in his 
own Church at Lledrod by a 
clergyman named Williams of 
Llanfaircludogau. He then 
joined the Methodists, as al- 
ready stated at Swyddffynon in 
1781, when he was thirty-two 
years of age. From this time 
forth he became as conspicu- 
ous for his zeal in the ser- 
vice of Christ as he had 
previously been in sin and 
folly. His sermons poured 
forth wrath upon the wicked 
until they quailed with fear. 
He continued to officiate in 
the Church at Lledrod after 
this great change came to pass, 
and also travelled through the 
country preaching- in all 
churches that were open to him. 
It is said that he spent 62 years 
in the ministry, during the last 
50 of which he was heart and 
soul, in co-operation with the 
Methodists. He took part at 
the first ordination service held 
at Llandilo in 1811. He died 
in 1831, aged 82 years. His 
ministerial gifts were hot re- 

markably bright, but he was an 
earnest preacher, a true friend 
of Methodism after his con- 
version, a man of peace, arid of 
an humble mind. The age in 
which he lived was dark ; ignor- 
ance covered the land and gross 
darkness the people. One Sab- 
bath evening at Lledrod, his 
soul was exceedingly anxious 
about the salvation of the peo- 
ple, so he announced that he 
would be in the Church on a 
specified evening of the week, 
and would be glad to have a 
word of conversation with any 
one distressed about his soul. 
Whea the evening came, there 
were two women* and one man 
who acted upon the invitation. 
After reading and prayer, he 
asked one of the women what 
was her trouble? She re- 
plied, " I have a nasty pain, 
sir, in my side, so that I can- 
not sleep at night, or walk, or 
do anything else, and so I have 
come here, sir, to ask you for 
a word of advice." He at once 
asked,- if she was troubled at all 
about her soul? " Oh, no," she 
replied, " I am perfectly at 
ease as regards my soul." He 
then asked the other old woman 
" What was her special 
trouble?" "I am come here, 
sir, to ask you to plead with 
the overseer on my behalf ; he 
has lowered my small pittance, 
and I cannot possibly live on 
the small sum given me." Mr. 
Williams was much distressed 
at seeing how earthly their 


thoughts were, and how uncon- 
cerned they were about their 
spiritual welfare, and spoke to 
them in a serious manner about 
their spiritual state, seeking to 
bring home to them as to how 
they would fare in the world to 
come, and telling them how 
there was a deep river to cross 
in going from this world to the 
next. Upon hearing of the 
deep river, the old man who 
was present jumped up and 
said, " Do you know, sir, I had 
ah' old horse which would swim 
any river in the world, but alas ! 
I have sold it." Such were 
those who first responded to his 
invitation to meet him for pri- 
vate conversation as to their 
spiritual interests. MetJiodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page 88 ; 
Enwogion Ceredigion, page 254. 
TOWN, Montgomeryshire, was 
born at Machynlleth in the year 
1773. He was converted at the 
first Association held in the 
town. He began to preach 
when he was nineteen years of 
age, aad continued to do so un- 
til he reached the end of his 
earthly course, which came to 
pass at Newtown, April 26th, 
1847. He was one of the faith- 
ful ones in Israel. In his 
preaching he made much use of 
the Scriptures, in his general 
conversation he was edifying, 
and in his method of conducting 
Church Meetings, he was lively. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., 
page 398. 

CELYN, was the second son of 
the renowned sweet singer of 
Methodism, yea of Wales Rev. 
William Williams, Pantycelyn. 
He was born May 23, 1754. He 
received his early education 
with his father at home; and 
then for some time at a school 
at Coed-cochion, conducted by 
a Mr. J. Williams, who after- 
wards became 1 a clergyman of 
the Church of England, and at 
the same time co-operated free- 
ly with the Methodists. When 
fifteen years of age, John was 
removed from the school of 
this godly man to the Grammar 
School at Carmarthen. Through 
his ability and diligence, he 
soon outshone his schoolfel- 
lows, and indeed he became a. 
match even for his teachers. He 
was at this time too young to 
receive Orders in the Church, 
and hardly knew what to do. 
One evening, looking out 
through the window of his 
apartments, he saw the Bishop 
and his wife. He at once 
went out, and ventured to ad- 
dress his Lordship in these 
words : cc My Lord, will you 
kindly allow me to have a word 
with you?" His request being 
granted, he proceeded "My 
Lord, it is known to your lord- 
ship that I have learnt every- 
thing that can be taught me in 
this College, and as I do not 
wish to waste any of my time 
in idleness, I should be glad if 
you would kindly direct me 



what course I had better pursue 
until I become of age to be or- 
dained. What I earnestly 
seek from your lordship is a 
word of advice under my pre- 
sent circumstances." It was a 
bold step, but the Bishop kindly 
replied, " You may expect to 
hear from me, John Williams, 
-about this time to-morrow." The 
Bishop, true to his word, in- 
formed him that he was ap- 
pointed assistant-master in the 

He received Deacon's Orders 
from Bishop Warren, Oct. i7th, 
1779, and on Sept. 3rd follow- 
ing, he was ordained Priest. 
The only theological questions 
asked him on the occasion were, 
" i, What was justification? 
and 2, What did he understand 
by faith only?" Having sat- 
isfied his lordship on these two 
points, the only advice given 
liim, was " Go on, my son, and 
prosper. Guard against being 
on intimate terms with the 
Methodists, and then you will 
doubtless be a comfort to your- 
self, and an ornament to the 
Church." Following upon this, 
Tie, for a time, under the dir- 
ection of the Rev. David Jones, 
Llangan, kept a school at Llan- 
grallo, Glamorganshire, at the 
same time preaching in some of 
the neighbouring churches. 
Indicative of his popularity, he 
was honoured on one occasion, 
with having to preach at the 
same service with Bishop Ber- 
xiagton his lordship in Eng- 

lish and he in Welsh. Hav- 
ing obtained the curacy of 
Builth and Llanddewi-cwm, 
Breconshire, he removed to 
Builth in August, 1782. 

It would seem that when he 
entered upon this curacy he 
had not been truly converted, 
though he was the son of so 
godly a father. Indeed he had 
contracted a fondness for strong 
drink, which brought him 
trouble and disgrace. A pain- 
ful scene occurred at a funeral 
at which he was officiating, and 
it served effectually to change 
his heart and life. It brought 
him great shame and sorrow, 
and proved a turning point In 
his career. He became a new 
man. He earnestly sought for- 
giveness from the Lord, and 
strength to overcome what had 
been his besetting sin. His 
prayer was heard, and strong 
drink never afterwards proved a 
temptation to him. He com- 
menced a new -life, devoting 
himself to his duties as a min- 
ister of the Gospel, preaching 
three times on the Sabbath in 
the Established Church, and as- 
sociating during the week with 
the Methodists in Alpha Chapel 
who became very dear to him. 

The news of his conversion 
spread through Breconshire, 
and Lady Huntingdon at Tre- 
vecca heard of it. From her 
great regard for his father, 
and her knowledge of his own 
scholarship, she pressed him to 
undertake the charge of her Col- 



lege at Trevecca, during the 
:necessary absence of the Princi- 
pal, for some months. He ac- 
-cepted the invitation and had 
charge of the Institution from 
August to December, 1784. He 
fulfilled his duties with much 
acceptance, and was greatly be- 
loved by the students and her 
Ladyship. In January, 1786, 
^circumstances led to the dis- 
missal of Mr. Phillips, the 
Principal of the College, and 
Mr. Williams was at once offer- 
ed the post, which he accepted 
and occupied for five years, re- 
signing the same in April, 1791, 
much to the sorrow of the Trus- 
tees and her Ladyship. He re- 
tired for two reasons; first, his 
father having recently died, he 
felt it his duty to return to 
Pantycelyn to be a comfort to 
his mother in her widowhood 
.and old age : and, secondly, 
that he might devote himself 
.more thoroughly to the preach- 
ing of the Gospel. Whilst at 
Trevecca, the whole work of 
tuition devolved upon him. 
His labours were ceaseless. He 
usually rose at 4 o'clock in the 
morning, and often slept but 
two out of the twenty-four 
'hours. After labouring thus 
hard for six days, there was no 
rest for him on the Sabbath, as 
he usually preached three times 
on that day, and often travelled 
ten, twenty, and sometimes 
forty miles, to and fro, to his 

After retiring to Pantycelyn, 

he threw himself heartily into 
the work of the ministry with 
the Methodists, though he did 
not itinerate so continuously as 
his father and the fathers of 
Methodism. He was not how- 
ever idle, when his health per- 
mitted him to leave home. He 
several times visited all the 
churches of South Wales, and 
made two lengthened visits to 
North Wales. ; Writing to his 
brother, upon his return from 
one of these visits, he says, 
" I have just returned from a 
journey of 600 miles in North 
Wales. I did not throughout 
the whole of it hear of a single 
awakened Clergyman in the Es- 
tablished Church." Thus, at 
the beginning of the nineteenth 
century the whole of the clergy 
of the Established Church in 
North Wales were apparently 
spiritually asleep. 

He willingly assisted at the 
first setting apart of lay preach- 
ers to the full work of the min- 
istry at Llandilo in 1811, and 
continued his connection with 
the Methodists after this event. 
Writing to his brother in 1812, 
he says, "There is no Clergy- 
man but myself connected with 
the Methodists in the county 
(that was Breconshire, for he 
retained his membership as a 
minister with the Monthly 
Meeting of that county to the 
end of his days, though he held 
his church membership in the 
small Methodist church at Llan- 
dovery). The rift between us 



and the Established Church is 
daily becoming wider, and the 
young people are taking it for 
granted that the Church is only 
a kind of national Christianity. 
Though the old people continue 
to feel a kind of prejudice in 
favour of the Church, the 
younger section of us would 
not care a straw were all the 
Clergymen transported beyond 
the Ganges. Notwithstanding 
this, the clergymen of South 
Wales have not published any- 
thing against our denomina- 
tion; and, on the other hand, 
no one among us has said a 
word, publicly or privately, dis- 
respectfully of the National 
Church." He did not wish to 
be considered an enemy of the 
Church, though he was not 
blind to her faults. Writing 
again to his brother, who was 
a little sensitive at the course 
pursued by him, he says, " You 
will understand that I have a 
great regard for the Church, not 
only for persons in the Church, 
but its constitution, when I tell 
you that the first thing I do 
every morning is, read the 
Psalm appointed by the 

In his last illness he was 
ceaselessly praying, repudiating 
altogether his own righteous- 
ness as the basis of his accept- 
ance with God. He would not 
tolerate any reference to the 
good he had done in his life. 
To all the kind words of his 

friends, he would say, " I am 
but an unprofitable servant." 
Yet, he was strong in his as- 
surance of eternal life as a free- 
gift through our Lord Jesus 
Christ. The last words he- 
wrote in his Diary were : "Into 
Thy hands I commend my 
spirit." This was on May iith,. 
1828, and on June 5th, follow- 
ing, he departed this life for 
the life beyond. His mortal 
remains were buried in Llan- 
fair-ar-y-bryn Churchyard,, 
near to those of his far-famed' 
father. In our early days, we 
heard much of Mr. W illiams 
from an old lady named Mrs. 
Walters, who knew him well,, 
when he and his students at 
Trevecca frequently preached at 
Brecon. In the chapel, which 
was in the Struet, there were at 
the time two preaching desks. 
From the one Williams and 
ordained clergymen alone 
would preach : whilst the lay 
preachers and students preached 
from the other. She often said 
that Mr. Williams was remark- 
ably shy and retiring. On his 
way to or from chapel he would 1 
generally walk on the other 
side of the street from the peo- 
ple of the congregation, so as 
to avoid being spoken to. Ap- 
parently, he was a little mel- 
ancholy and sad. As he ad- 
vanced in life, he often thought 
himself far more ill than he 
really was. He was extremely 
generous to his poor brethren 
in the ministry, and to all good 



Societies which commended 
themselves to his judgment. 

His Memoir was published by 
the Rev. Maurice Davies, 
Builth, by permission of the 
South Wales Association in 
1830. A second edition was 
published the following year, 
printed at Pontypool. Meth- 
odistiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page 


GELE, Pembrokeshire, sometimes 
spoken of as Williams, the 
Student, because he had been 
for some time a student at Lady 
Huntingdon's College at Tre- 
vecca. He is said to have been 
a strong advocate of the princi- 
ples of the Christian religion. 
His gift of speech was not 
equal to that of some of his 
hrother preachers, but his stay 
at Trevecca had been of much 
advantage to him as regards his 
general knowledge and refine- 
ment. He lived for some time 
at St. David's, but his later 
years were spent at Rhydygele, 
where he died. His ministry 
was of great service throughout 
the county, especially as he 
preached both in English and 
Welsh. .Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. ii., page 302. 

SEA, was a native of Meidrim, 
Carmarthenshire, where he be- 
gan to preach, and where he re- 
sided for many years. In- 
deed, as John Williams, Meid- 
rim, he is best known in the 
history of Methodism. It was 

only during the later years of 
his life, he dwelt at Swansea. 
He lived for a time at Llan- 
a .di, where the preaching ser- 
vices were held in his house. 
Whilst a popular preacher, he 
was rather careless of the Rules 
of the Denomination. On one 
occasion, he got himself into 
considerable trouble through 
baptizing an infant, whilst he 
was but a lay preacher. This 
was in the year 1807, or there- 
abouts, and the Clergy, who 
were identified with the Meth- 
odist movement were indignant 
at his action, and would have 
stopped him from preaching 
had it not been for the inter- 
ference of some influential 
friends. On another occasion, 
he got the Rev. Henry Rees into 
trouble, when he was just be- 
ginning to preach. Williams 
was on an itinerancy an Den- 
bighshire, and got young Rees 
to accompany him for a fort- 
night until he reached Bala, 
where an Association was held. 
Henry Rees had not at the time 
received the permission of his 
Monthly Meeting to preach be- 
yond his own district, but Wil- 
liams induced him to do so, 
though in starting it was un- 
derstood that he was only to in- 
troduce the services. Williams 
was so delighted with Rees' 
preaching, that he got him to 
do so repeatedly, and this 
brought Rees into hot water. 
Rev. John Roberts, Llangwm, 


happened to be at the Monthly 
Meeting ia Denbighshire short- 
ly afterwards when Rees was 
examined on being received as 
a member of the Monthly Meet- 
ing, and he came down upon 
him very heavily for his breach 
of the Rules of the Connexion. 

Dr. Owen Thomas in his life 
of the Rev. Henry Rees says 
that John Williams, whom he 
had heard preach, was a very 
acceptable preacher and occa- 
sionally had very powerful ser- 
vices. In 1805, he was the 
supply in London for some 
months. He died in the year 
1823, aged 61 years. Method- 
istiaeth Cymru, vol. ii., page 
472 ; Cofiant y Parch. John 
Parry, Chester. 

TALYBONT, Denbighshire, began 
to preach in the year 1829, and 
died November 2nd, 1834, aged 
42 years. 

COCH, Anglesea, was sent at the 
cost of the denomination to 
Hoxton College, near London, 
to pursue his studies, and thus 
qualify himself to conduct a 
seminary for young preachers, 
which it was designed to es- 
tablish. He was the son of 
Mr. William Williams, Tynew- 
ydd, Rhosymeirch, near Llan- 
gefni. His parents were of 
rather humble circumstances but 
rich in faith and of a noble 
character among the saints. 
Owen early revealed a studious 

disposition, and his piety was 
beyond dispute. He acquired 
knowledge rapidly, and be- 
came proverbial for his ability 
as a teacher. So the leaders of: 
the denomination in North. 
Wales sent him to Hoxton. 
Llangollen was fixed upon as- 
the most suitable place for the 
school for young preachers. 
But the purpose of the friends- 
was foiled. Owen's health, 
succumbed, and in the month, 
of April, 1819, he passed away,, 
aged 24 years. His funeral 
sermon was preached by the 
Rev. John Elias, in Wilderness. 
Row Chapel, London, on April 
1 7th. Previous to going to 
Hoxton, he had conducted a. 
school for a time at Tremadoc. 
He was remarkable for his god- 
liness, his delight in literature, 
and his ministerial gifts. Meth-. 
odistiaeth Man, page 349. 

DEFEILOG, Carmarthenshire 
usually spoken of as Rev. Peter 
Williams, Carmarthen, was one- 
of the fathers of Methodism, 
though the movement had been, 
in the field some eight or ten 
years before he joined it.. 
Through his conspicuous abilit- 
ies and earnest efforts, he quick- 
ly rose to the front rank of" 
those who laboured for its 
spread, through preaching the 
Gospel and seeking the over- 
throw of the prevailing 'low 
and wicked habits of the peo- 
ple. In many parts both of ' 
North and South Wales, he act- - 



ed the part of a pioneer. As 
he had no personal charge, he 
was able to travel hither and 
thither continually, and make 
even long excursions. In his 
early visits to several districts, 
he suffered most severely at the 
hands of fierce persecutors. Let 
two or three instances suffice, 
one at Llanrwst, North Wales, 
and one at Kidwely, South 
Wales, a few miles from his 
own home. 

In the year 1746, he visited 
Llanrwst, purposing to preach 
near the Town Hall. When 
he began, a young woman pelt- 
ed him with rotten eggs, until 
his clothes were in a pitiful 
condition. She only desisted 
when she observed a near re- 
lative of hers standing by his 
side, and that some of the eggs 
hit him. When she ceased her 
game, a number of rough men 
seized him and took him to the 
river, where, whilst some held 
up his arms, others poured 
water down the sleeves of his 
coat. As the weather was frosty, 
his life was endangered through 
the drenching he thus got. 
Were it not for the deliverance 
brought him through the inter- 
ference of a strong man who 
happened to be passing at the 
time, no doubt his life would 
have been in greatest peril. 
This stranger compelled the 
ruffians to desist from their in- 
human work, and took Mr. 
Williams to his own house, 
where he had every comfort for 

the night, and on the morrow 
he accompanied him for three 
miles on his journey, so as to 
make sure of his safety. 

At Kidwely, he stood up one 
Sabbath afternoon, on a horse 
block near the house of one 
John Rees, to preach. Upon, 
this, a number of men, primed 
by the clergyman of the parish, 
with drink, Appeared on the 
scene for the purpose of dis- 
turbing the service. They were 
headed by a man named Deio 
Goch, and another. Mr. Wil- 
liams had read a chapter from 
the Bible, and was about to 
lead in prayer, when this ruff- 
ian jumped at him, seized the 
Bible, and drew Mr. Williams 
from the horseblock on which 
he stood. They beat him merci- 
lessly with sticks, and, having- 
placed him on his horse, drove 
him along the marsh, compell- 
ing the horse to jump across, 
broad and deep gullies, ex- 
pecting that the horse would 
break its legs, and the rider 
his neck. They then took him 
to the tavern, and, if possible, 
compel him to drink and make 
him drunk, in the hope of bring- 
ing him into contempt. They 
got the drink, but he managed 
to pour it into his top boots se- 
cretly, until they were full. 
Seeing that he was late in re- 
turning home, his wife sent a 
number of servants in quest of 
him. Through their timely 
arrival, he was delivered from 
the hands of these barbarians^ 



These are but typical instances 
of the treatment he suffered 
.many a time at the hands of 
the enemies of the Gospel, as 
preached by the little band of 
Methodist preachers in Wales. 

His usual course was to 
.suffer quietly the severest treat- 
ment, and that without having 
recourse to the revenge of the 
law of the land. But on one 
occasion when he had returned 
home, and related to his friends 
how he had been maltreated at 
Denbigh, and his pockets more- 
over rifled . of what money he 
had, it was resolved to appeal 
to the law. The chief oppon- 
ents in this case, eight in num- 
"ber, were summoned to appear 
in London to take their trial. 
One of the eight was the son oi 
.a most .respectable family in 
the neighbourhood, and was 
able to secure the best legal 
advocate. The eight however 
were found guilty, and were 
proclaimed outlaws. Some of 
them it is said, died soon after 
of despondency; others with- 
drew from ordinary society and 
no more was heard of them. 
And the wealthy young man 
was in exile until his relatives 
purchased' his freedom, when 
Tie returned to the protection of 
the laws of his country. The 
action of the Court in London 
in this case, exercised an abid- 
ing influence for good on the 
treatment which the Methodist 
preachers received. For some 
years, however, Peter Williams 

quietly endured most inhuman 
treatment at the hands of the 
enemies of the Gospel. 

Apart from the persecution 
which he and his co-workers 
suffered, it must toe remembered 
that he had to put up with 
much hardship in the form of 
accommodation and fare. When 
starting forth upon his itiner- 
ancy, at the beginning of his 
labours, he had no fixed plan 
as to where he would preach, 
and no idea whose hospitality 
he should receive. All was 
uncertainty and he knew not 
whether he should be welcomed 
or rejected and reviled. 

He was born in a farm 
house named the Morfa, near 
Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, 
January 7th, 1722. His par- 
ents were respectable people. 
Peter was the eldest of three 
children, two boys and one girl, 
and was a great favourite with 
his mother, who frequently 
took him with her to Llan- 
ddowror church on Sundays to 
hear the renowned Rev. Griffith 
Jones preach. Her intention 
was that he should be trained 
for the ministry. But she died 
suddenly, when Peter was only 
eleven years of age. His father 
also died the following year. 
A complete change therefore 
took place in his environment. 
He was taken by his uncle, his 
mother's brother, to live with 

From a lad he was fond of 
reading, and took but little in- 


3 2I 

terest in the games of the 
youths of his district. His 
studies occupied all his 
thoughts and he made consider- 
able progress in the acquisition 
of knowledge. When seventeen 
years of age he entered Car- 
marthen Grammar School, then 
under the charge of the Rev. 
Thomas Einion. He remained 
here three years, paying special 
attention to the Classics. Dur- 
ing this period he began to be 
deeply concerned about his 
spiritual welfare, but his 
thoughts concerning the essent- 
ials of religion were vague. 
Just then George Whitfield 
visited Carmarthen. When it 
was known that he was coming, 
Mr. Einion prohibited his 
scholars from attending the ser- 
vice. Peter, however, and 
three of his fellow students, 
managed to be present, attracted 
by the great fame of the preach- 
er, and the excitement which his 
proposed visit awakened in the 
town. The doctrines of the 
fall of man, and the necessity 
of regeneration by the Spirit of 
God and justification by faith 
to which Whitfield gave pro- 
minence in his preaching, were 
distasteful to the Clergy. The 
service was blessed to Peter's 
soul. It was for him the be- 
ginning of a new life. From 
this time forth he was a Meth- 
odist in spirit, though he did 
not join the Methodists at once. 
Indeed, there was no Method- 
ist society in the town which he 

could join, but he was recog- 
nized as a Methodist and was 
forsaken by his former compan- 

When about twenty-one years 
of age, he left the College, 
and opened a school at Con- 
wil, a village about five 
miles from Carmarthen, on the 
road to Newcastle Emlyn. At 
the same, time he carried on his 
preparation 'for Holy Orders in 
the Established Church. In 
this he was successful, and was 
ordained by Bishop Burgess, of 
St. David's, to the curacy of 
Cymmun, a parish on the bor- 
diers of Carmarthenshire and 
Pembrokeshire, where he had 
the whole charge of the parish, 
as the rector lived in England, 
and visited the district but once 
a year, to receive the tithe-rent. 
Shortly after entering upon his 
duties, he started a prayer- 
meeting., which was held ( in 
various places in the parish. 
At these he usually gave a brief 
address, seeking to stir up the 
people to a new and holy life. 
His efforts of this kind soon 
awakened a suspicion in the 
minds of the people of his 
Methodist sympathies, especi- 
ally as he sought to repress 
some popish practices customary 
in the district in connection 
with funerals. The suspicion 
was confirmed through that he 
dared one Sabbath morning to 
reprove sharply a number of 
young men who behaved in an 
unseemly manner -at the church 



service. This drew down, upon 
him. the wrath of the gentry. 
The rector's wife happened to 
be present at the service and 
informed her husband of what 
had taken place. And, not- 
withstanding the blamelessness 
"of his character, the faithful- 
ness of his preaching, and his 
efforts for the moral and spiri- 
tual welfare of the people, he 
was summarily dismissed. He 
appealed to the bishop, but 
from him he received scant 
courtesy. In his hour of need, 
the Rev. Griffith Jones proved 
to him a true friend, and in- 
formed him of a curacy that 
was vacant at Swansea, which 
he secured. But his stay here 
was short, as he gave offence to 
the Mayor, Corporation, and 
Member of Parliament for 
Swansea, who were present in 
Church one Sabbath morning. 
On that occasion he presumed 
to deliver a sermon, whilst these 
officials had not been accustom- 
ed to any such thing, and he 
actually presumed to lecture the 
authorities upon their duties. 
His presumption cost him his 
post. He was at Swansea only 
one month. He then obtained 
a curacy at Llangrannog and 
Llantysilio, Cardiganshire. But 
his stay here again only lasted 
two months his Methodist pro- 
clivities giving great offence to 
his patron. 

Upon this he resolved to quit 
the Establishment, and seek 
his sphere of work as a 

preacher of the Gospel with 
the Methodists. This, took 
place when he was about 
twenty-four years of age. First 

of all he went to a service con- 
ducted by the Rev. Howel Da- 
vies, at Castell-y-gwair. Mr. 
Davies on the morrow took him. 
to a Monthly Association held 
somewhere on the borders of 
Pembrokeshire. Here his name 
was written as a member of th& 
Methodist body. Shortly after 
he went to Abergorlech Chapel 
to hear Daniel Rowland, who- 
made him preach, and after the 
service took him to Llangeitho, 
where he agaia preached with . 
much fervour and success. He 
then went on his first itinerancy 
through what was at that time 
an almost untrodden territory 
by the pioneers of Methodism. 
Such an enterprise involved him 
in many hardships and much 
danger. He had but little wel- 
come anywhere, and in some 
places he had to escape for his- 
life, for his opponents were 
numerous and fierce. He 
passed through Montgomery- 
shire, Carnarvonshire and Ang- 
lesea. He paid a visit to Ang- 
lesea in 1746. It appears that 
he was on this journey perse- 
cuted at Llanerchymedd. At 
Mynydd Mechell, the clergy- 
man of the parish, a school- 
fellow of his, said to him, 
"Ffei! Ffei! Peter! how can 
you dare to preach on unconse- 
crated ground." Peter replied, 

Forgive me my ignorance, I 


3 2 3 

am under the impression that 
the whole earth has been con- 
secrated since the first day the 
Saviour of sinners placed His 
feet thereon." At Newborough, 
the vicar and his clerk and ser- 
vants came to him when he was 
in the middle of his sermon and 
asked him for his license" to 
preach. In reply Peter lifted 
up the Bible and said " Here is 
my license to preach the Gospel, 
and it is signed by three per- 
sons, the Father and the Son 
and the Holy Ghost." The 
clerk and the servants had 
brought their pockets full of 
cockle shells to throw at the 
preacher, but the vicar pre- 
vented them from carrying 
forth their design. He returned 
through Denbighshire : and had 
a rough experience, sufficient, 
one would think, to damp his 
ardour, and lead him to break 
with the movement which he had 
so recently joined. But his 
hardships only served to weld 
him more firmly with the noble 
men who yearned to enrich the 
country with the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ, and sweep away the 
evils that were rife. 

Upon his return, it became a 
question where should he re- 
side. Ultimately he settled 
upon Llandefeilog, about five 
miles distant from Carmarthen, 
on the Kidwely -road. Here he 
dwelt at a farm called, Gelli- 
llednais, to the end of his life, 
except during a brief period, 

when he resided in the town of 

After casting his lot with the 
Methodists, he at once took a 
high position among the breth- 
ren. His intellectual powers, 
his learning, his unceasing lab- 
ours, his undoubted piety, and- 
his clerical orders contributed 
to this end. The main points 
of his preaching were the fall 
of man in Adam, his helpless- 
ness in himself, and his restora- 
tion through Christ. At the 
time he joined the Methodists, 
the unfortunate dispute between 
Rowland and Harris, which 
ended in a complete rupture be- 
tween these two leaders, and in 
a wide cleavage between them 
and their respective followers, 
had not begun. Though he at- 
tended some of the Association 
meetings at which rather warm 
debates took place, he, appar- 
ently abstained from taking 
part in the discussion. Pos- 
sibly, he considered that it 
would ill become him, a new 
comer into the circle, to take 
sides in the matter. So far as 
he spoke, it was, so far as is 
known, for peace. However, 
when the cleavage took place, 
he co-operated with Rowland 
and his party. By the time 
the two leaders became recon- 
ciled, after a separation of 
about eighteen years, Mr. Wil- 
liams was in the front rank of 
the leaders. Throughout this 
period he made frequent itiner- 
ancies, confirmiag the believers 

3 2 4 


aad seeking the conversion of 
the ungodly. He was physical- 
ly, mentally and spiritually 
eminently qualified for the 
work. It seemed as if he were 
specially prepared for it. At 
the peril of his life and at the 
cost of much hardship as has 
been said he acted the part of 
a pioneer in many a district. He 
was instrumental in founding 
many a church. At Carmar- 
then, in a great degree at his 
own expense, he built the Water 
Street Chapel. 

The work he did for Method- 
ism and his country through 
the Press was important, es- 
pecially, through the Bible with 
notes at the end of each chap- 
ter, which he prepared and pub- 
lished, and is known as Peter 
Williams' Bible. This was 
the beginning of a new epoch in 
Welsh literature, and exercised 
a deep and wide spread influ- 
ence upon the religious welfare 
of many. It was widely circu- 
lated and widely read. Eight 
thousand copies of it were sold, 
and this at a time when the 
population of Wales was not a 
third of what it is to-day, and 
the families of Methodism were 
in the main poor. It became 
a great success, and successive 
editions were published. It 
was looked upon as a house- 
hold treasure in religious famil- 
ies the notes being looked at 
by many as almost equally in- 
spired with the text itself. He 
also prepared and published a 

Biblical Concordance, which 
must have entailed upon him 
immense labour, and proved 
of much service to Biblical 
students. In 1770 also, he pub- 
lished the first Welsh periodical 
Magazine, entitled " Trysorfa 
Gwybodaeth, neu yr Eurgrawn 
Cymraeg." It was issued fort- 
nightly, and its price three 
pence. He also edited and pub- 
lished in Welsh, an edition of 
John Canne's Bible. 

But whilst he created a new 
epoch in Welsh literature, he 
brought upon himself much 
worry and painful trouble 
through certain expressions in 
his expository notes regarding 
the Holy Trinity. His so- 
called heresy, became a topic 
of discussion at several Quar- 
terly Associations. His views 
were considered to be rank 
Sandemanianism. And at an 
Association held at Llanidloes 
in 1791, it was resolved that he 
should no longer be considered 
a minister of the Connexion un- 
less he would retract his views, 
and promise that he would no 
more teach them. Retract and 
promise accordingly he would 
not, so at the following As- 
sociation held at Llandilo, he 
was finally expelled, though he 
occasionally afterwards preach- 
ed in Methodist chapels. It is 
not for us to enter upon the 
discussion between Mr. Wil- 
liams and his friends. Suffice 
it to say, that there were those 
who were opposed to drastic 



measures being taken against 
him, though it must be admit- 
ted that his views on the Son- 
ship of Christ and the Holy 
Trinity were utterly opposed to 
those accepted and taught by 
the Connexion. It was a sad 
affair, and caused much grief 
to many. The end of his life 
was not far off, for, at the time 
of his expulsion, he was 71 
years of age. It is most. pain- 
ful to think that one who had 
been so pure in life, so faithful 
and successful a labourer in 
the Lord's vineyard for so long 
a time, and had suffered so much 
through his work, should be 
sent adrift in his old age. 

It should be recorded that 
shortly after he settled at Gelli- 
llednais, Llandefeilog, he mar- 
ried Miss Mary Jenkins, the 
daughter of a gentleman who 
lived near Llanlluan, not far 
away from his own home. He 
had six children three sons and 
three daughters, the daughters 
were Deborah, Margaret and 
Betty. Two of his sons, Eli- 
ezer, and Peter Bayley, became 
clergymen of the Church of 
England : his son John died 
when young. One of the 
daughters married Mr. David 
Humphreys, the father of the 
Rev. David Humphreys, Llan- 
dyfeilog, and grandfather of 
Mrs. R. J. Davies, Cwrtmawr, 

He died August 8th, 1796, 
aged 76 years, and was buried 
in Llandyfeilog churchyard. 

Drych yr Amseroedd, page 
86, 102 ; Methodistiaeth Cym- 
ru, vol. i., page 84, 86; Y Tad- 
au Methodistaidd, vol. i., page 
433 ; Y Traethodydd, vol. xlix., 
pages 304, 415. 

BRYNENGAN, Carnarvonshire, 
.was one of the early preachers 
of Methodism in his county, and 
rendered yeoman service to the 
cause of Christ in his district. 
He was a son-in-law of the well- 
known Robert Davies, Bryn- 
engan. Y Traethodydd, vol. 
xlix., page 118. 

HENWALIAU, Carnarvon. His 
preaching career was short, as 
he was called away early in 
life. His godliness was be- 
yond dispute. He was present 
at the church meeting, when 
John Huxley, Carnarvon, join- 
ed the church. Drych yr Am- 
seroedd, page 189 ; Y Drysorfa, 
vol. xix., page 48. 

LIVERPOOL, was the second son 
of Richard and Mary Williams, 
of Winllan, afterwards of 
Weeg, Llanbrynmair, Mont- 
gomeryshire, and was born 
January 31, 1802. His father 
was a flannel manufacturer and 
farmer, and also a preacher. 
His mother was a sister of the 
Rev. John Roberts, Llanbryn- 
mair. He received his early- 
education at a school kept by 
his uncle. When twenty years 
of age, he began to preach, and 
laboured in the ministry twenty 


years, the last fifteen years of 
which he spent in Liverpool. 
His purpose in going to Liver- 
pool was to prepare for Ches- 
hunt College, but his funds 
failing him he opened a school 
on his own account. In the 
summer of 1830 he married 
Mary, the daughter of the Rev. 
Thomas Hughes, Liverpool. In 
1834 he gave up the school, and 
the following year he was or- 
dained at Bala. For some 
time, until the removal of the 
Rev. Henry Rees to the town, 
he was the only resident min- 
ister of the denomination in 
Liverpool. He had a weak 
constitution but a strong mind, 
and he was well versed in the- 
ology. He not only laboured 
in the ministry of the Word 
with much acceptance, but wrote 
a good deal to the periodical 
press. He wrote one book en- 
titled "Y Pregethwr a'r Gwran- 
dawr " (The Preacher and. 
Hearer), which had a large sale 
at the time and continued for 
many years a work considerably 
sought after and read. The 
work appeared first in a series 
of articles in the Drysorfa, in 
the form of a dialogue between 
a preacher and his hearer. He 
commenced another series in 
the Athraw entitled "Y Meth- 
odist a'r Llanwr" (A Methodist 
and Churchman) on ecclesias- 
tical questions. He was also 
joint editor with the Rev. 
Joseph Williams of a Welsh 
" Hymnal, and a serial publica- 

tion entitled "Y Pregethwr" 
(The Preacher). He worked 
with great energy on behalf of 
all Connexional movements, 
and was one of those who had 
a great hand in founding the 
Welsh Calvinistic Methodist 
Foreign Missionary Society. 
His strength gradually gave 
way, but he enjoyed much of 
the consolation of the Gospel. 
To an old dear friend who 
called upon him and remarked 
"there are many very wonder- 
ful things to be seen in heaven," 
he said. " Yes, yes, one very 
remarkable thing will be to 
see a man who has never sin- 
ned, for not one of us has ever 
seen such a man, and another 
will be the Blessed Man in 
whom the fulness of the God- 
head dwells bodily." To an- 
other old friend who asked him 
"How it fared with him?" he 
replied, " I have been endeav- 
ouring to gather together all 
the sermons I have preached, 
and all the essays I have writ- 
ten, and all the sins I have com- 
mitted into one bundle to throw 
them at the feet of my forgiving 
Jesus for pardon and accept- 
tance." He died August 3oth, 
1842, aged 40 years, and was 
buried at Sion Hill Cemetery, 
Liverpool. Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xii., page 318; Methodistiaeth 
Cymru, vol. iii., page 410; 
Montgomeryshire Worthies, 
page 313. 

WINLLAN, afterwards of Weeg, 


3 2 7 

LLANBRYNMAIR, Montgomery- 
shire,was a flannel manufacturer 
in rather a small way, to which 
business he added that of a far- 
mer, some years after his mar- 
riage to Miss Roberts, a sister 
of the Rev. John Roberts, Llan- 
brynmair. He began to preach 
after removing to the Weeg, and 
continued to do so until his 
death, November nth, 1819, 
aged 68 years. He was a man 
of high moral character and 
deep piety. Rev. Richard Wil- 
liams, Liverpool, author of " Y 
Pregethwr a'r Gwrandawr," 
was his son. Montgomery- 
shire Worthies, page 313. 

B WLCHDERWYN, Carnarvonshire, 
began to preach in the year 
1840, and was received by the 
Association at Pwllheli, Sept. 
7th, 1843. He died March nth, 
1846, aged 32 years. 

DREWEN, Lleyn, was one of the 
early preachers of Lleyn. He 
was weak in health, but yet he 
was not idle in the Lord's vine- 
yard. Through his serious 
deportment, simplicity and 
meekness he commended his 
ministry to his hearers. 

MERTHYR CYNOG, Breconshire, 
was a popular preacher and was 
ordained at Llangeitho, August 
8th, 1822. One of the revivals 
at Gorwydd, Breconshire, broke 
out at a service conducted by 
him. He died in the year 1833, 
and was buried in the grave- 

yard connected with the chapel 
at Merthyr Cynog. Mr. David 
Williams, a preacher at Mer- 
thyr Cynog, was his son. 

GROESWEN, Glamorganshire, 
was one of Howel Harris' con- 
verts, when he visited the 
parish of Eglwys I fan, Gla- 
morganshire in 1738. At the 
Monthly Association held at 
Glanyrafonddu, March ist, 
1743, he was appointed over- 
seer of the societies in the east- 
ern parts of Glamorganshire, as 
far as Llantrisant, comprising 
those of Groeswen, Dinas 
Powis, Llanedeyrn, Newton 
Nottage, St. Nicholas, Aber- 
thaw, Berthyn, Llanharri, 
Llanilid Cynfig, Hafod, Llan- 
trisant and Pentyrch. In his 
report in September of the 
same year he gave a description 
of the spiritual state of the sev- 
eral members in the churches. 
Of the church at Groeswen, 
which consisted of 63 members, 
he reported that 48 "were justi- 
fied," and that the remainder 
were " under the law." An 
accusation was brought against 
him at an Association held at 
Watford, Sept. 27, 1744, of hav- 
ing spoken against the gown 
and cassock worn by the clergy. 
After some discussion, and Mr. 
Williams had an opportunity 
of defending himself, it was 
found that he had not spoken 
anything derogatory of the gar- 
ments in themselves, but simply 
spoken against any undue and 



idolatrous conduct towards 
them. He was one of five who 
signed the historical letter to 
the Cayo Association in 1745, 
and as the reply was not con- 
sidered satisfactory, he took to 
be ordained as the minister of 
Groeswen. In taking this 
course, however, he did not con- 
sider that he was breaking en- 
tirely with the Methodists. But 
he did not live long after his 
ordination : he died in the 
midst of his usefulness, and 
was buried in the parish church 
of Eglwys Elan. Methodist- 
iaeth Cymru, vol. iii., page 3. 

brokeshire. The Rev. Owen 
Thomas, D.D., in a letter in 
the Rev. Robert Owen (Eryron 
Gwyllt Walia) of London's 
Memoir, page 30, relates how 
Mr. Owen had told him of a 
service at an Association at Car- 
narvon, at which his mother 
was present, and at which Mr. 
Watkin Williams preached on 
the field with very great power. 
This was in 1818. The Bedd- 
gelert Revival was at its height 
at the time. Mr. Williams' 
sermon was based on Isaiah 
xxxch. 33V. " For Tophet is 
ordained of old; yea, for the 
king it is prepared : he hath 
made it deep and large : the 
pile thereof is fire and much 
wood ; the breath of the Lord, 
like a stream of brimstone, doth 
kindle it." The feeling pro- 
duced under the sermon was 
most intense : the groanings and 

shoutings of the audience were 
fearful as if "the stream of 
brimstone " was already being 
poured over the field. But 
when he turned to declare the 
Gospel as the old remedy not 
something "since yesterday," 
but " from everlasting," to save 
the lost from going to Tophet, 
the shoutings of the people were 
so great that the preacher could 
not proceed any further. The 
Rev. Ebenezer Morris reluctant- 
ly preached after him, the ex- 
citement being so great, but as 
he proceeded he had one of the 
most powerful services he ever 
had. (See A-pfendix). 

CHESTER, began to preach in the 
year 1798, and did good work 
especially among sailors, and 
also at home. When at home 
he took an active part in church 
work, co-operating heartily with 
the Rev. John Parry. He was 
warmly welcomed by Welsh 
sailors as a messenger from God 
in whatsoever port he might be 
met. His knowledge was crude, 
yet he would speak to sailors 
with much effect : he knew their 
habits, their weakness and vir- 
tues, and would preach to them 
in their own familiar sea-far- 
ing language. They would 
listen to him more readily than 
to any other preacher. He 
laboured for more than twenty 
years as a true reformer when- 
ever he had the opportunity. 
He continued to work in his 
Lord's vineyard with unremit- 


3 2 9 

ting zeal and earnestness 'until 
his last voyage, when on Decem- 
ber i7th, 1819, his ship was 
wrecked on the Carnarvonshire 
coast, and all lives on board 
were lost excepting one. The 
Rev. John Parry and other 
brethren frequently quoted his 
sayings at the church meetings. 
Drych yr Amseroedd, page 178; 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii., 
page 427 ; Cofdant y Parch. John 
Parry, Caerlleon, page 70. 

LLANDILO'RVANE, Breconshire, 
was a clergyman who co-oper- 
ated with the Methodists, and 
preached in their chapels. 

LLYWELAN MAWR, Carmarthen- 
shire, preached in connection 
with the church at Llansawel, 
when the cause was first started. 

marthenshire, was the son of 
Mr. Rhys Williams, of the 
same place, who was . a mem- 
ber of the first Methodist chnrch 
at Cilycwm. He was trained 
for the Church, and was away 
in England as a clergyman for 
37 years, but in consequence of 
ill-health he returned to his 
native home in the year 1785. 
He then joined the Methodists. 
Before this, he had sought to 
start a Sunday School at Car- 
marthen, but the prejudice 
against the movement was so 
fierce that the effort had to be 
given up at the time. It was 
he. who succeeded in getting 

Mr. Robert Davies and Mr. 
Owen Jones to carry on at its 
start the Sunday School at Aber- 
ystwyth. When he returned to 
Cilycwm, he started a School 
in the house of Mr. David Elias 
the father of the Rev. Thomas 
Elias, Sennybridge : he also 
succeeded in starting one at 
Llanwrtyd. He was a quiet, 
unassuming and religious man, 
having in view the religious 
welfare of the people and the 
glory of God. Methodsfr'aeth 
Cymru, vol. ii., page 340. 

LLANFACHRETH, Anglesea, died 
September nth, 1843. He had 
been a preacher for about six- 
teen years. He was not blessed 
with great preaching gifts, but 
the best fruits of religion were 
conspicuous in his life : he held 
the position of a steward in 
Llanfachreth Mills and he per- 
formed his duties with honesty 
and faithfulness. His ser- 
mons were well composed, bear- 
ing evidence to much care and 
effort. His aim and endeavour 
were to do good, and his char- 
acter shone with greater brilli- 
ance towards the end of his 
days. His remains were in- 
terred in the graveyard of Tref- 
draeth. Y Drysorfa, vol. xiii., 
page 352 ; Methodistiaeth Man, 
page 200. 

MERTHYR CYNOG, Breconshire, 
was one of the early exhorters. 
Thomas James, the superintend- 
ent of his district, reported of 



him that he was an amiable and 
humble Christian, clear in his 
conception of divine truth. 

LONDON, died January 13*, 
1847, aged 70 years. He had 
been a preacher forty years, and 
was ordained at Llangeitho, 
August, 1827. He rendered 
great service to Welsh Meth- 
odism in London, and this un- 
der considerable difficulties. 
He was exceedingly faithful. 
In his death the churches lost 
one who did the work of a good 
pastor. He was eminently 
qualified to lead the flock of 
Christ, and his prayers on be- 
half of the hearers of the Gos- 
pel were frequent and fervent. 
Methodistiaeth Cymru, vol. iii., 
page 442 ; Y Drysorfa, vol. 
xvii., page 94. 

MANCHESTER, previously of 
Bryndu, Anglesea, was born, 
about the year 1805. He was 
endued with considerable pulpit 
gifts, and was at the same time 
a good man of business. He 
removed from Anglesea to Man- 
chester to take charge of a 
business concern ; and in this 
capacity he was often under 
the necessity of travelling much 
and lodging in hotels, but not a 
breath of suspicion was ever 
uttered of anything in his con- 
duct unbecoming his position as 
a minister of the Gospel. He 
was an acceptable preacher, in- 
creasing continually in useful- 
ness, and was ordained to the 

full work of the ministry at 
Carnarvon, September 10, 1845. 
His career, however, was 
brought to a sudden close on 
June 2, 1846, when he was but 
41 years of age. Methodist- 
iaeth Man, page 200. 

PANTYCELYN, Carmarthenshire. 
The precise date of Mr. Wil- 
liams' birth is not known, but 
it took place towards the end 
of the year 1717, at Cefnycoed, 
in the parish of Llanfair-ar-y- 
bryn, near Llandovery. His 
parents were John and Dorothy 
Williams, both of them members 
with the Congregationalists at 
Cefnarthen : his father was a 
deacon in the church. But a 
dissension having arisen 
through the introduction of Ar- 
minian doctrines, both parents 
seceded with others,, and erect- 
ed a chapel at Pentretygwyn, 
on a piece of ground given by 
Williams' mother. William 
was the fourth of four brothers, 
but the only one who reached 
years of maturity. He had 
two sisters, but these also died 
young. The parents purposed 
William to enter the medical 
profession, and he was sent ac- 
cordingly as a lay student to 
Llwynllwyd, a farm house, near 
Ha}', Breconshire, where the 
College, known as the Car- 
marthen Presbyterian College, 
was being conducted at the time, 
by the Rev. Vavasor Griffiths, 
minister of Maesgwyn, Radnor- 
shire. When Mr. Griffiths was 



appointed tutor, he refused to 
remove to Carmarthen, and so 
the College was shifted to suit 
his convenience. 

During William's stay at 
.Llwynllwyd, no doubt he heard 
much of the wonderful preach- 
ing of a young layman named 
Howel Harris at Talgarth, 
about six miles away, and in 
other places in the county. But 
for some reason, whether was it 
Teligious indifference, or his ap- 
plication to his studies, or some 
Dther cause, is not known, he 
took no particular interest in 
this young layman's proceed- 
ings, though his preaching had 
caused so great a stir ia the 
country around. But one morn- 
ing, in 1738, when on his way 
home from Llwynllwyd, and 
passing through Talgarth, it 
"happened that Harris was 
preaching at the time in the 
churchyard to a crowd of peo- 
ple who had come to hear, and 
Tie went and stood among the 
crowd who were listening at- 
tentively to his powerful words. 
The preacher, 

"O flaen porth yr eglwys eang 

Heb un twmpath dan ei droed," 

poured forth with burning elo- 
quence the message given him 
to declare. He rivetted the 
attention of all present. His 
words were as nails fastened 
"by the master of an assembly. 
Among those into whose heart 
the arrow of conviction pierced 
was young Williams. His soul 

was moved to its depths. And 
ere the service closed a com- 
plete change came to pass in 
his heart, as sudden as in the 
case of St. Paul on the way to 
Damascus. His course hence- 
forth took a direction very diff- 
erent from anything he had 
previously thought. He had 
become a new man in Christ 
Jesus. He left the place un- 
der feelings very different from 
what he had in coming. A great 
crisis had been reached, destin- 
ed to change the whole course 
of his life, and result in price- 
less blessings for the church of 
Christ for generations. With- 
out much delay he resolved upon 
casting aside his purpose of en- 
tering the medical profession, 
and become a messenger of the 
Cross. Under the counsel, no 
doubt, of Howel Harris and 
Daniel Rowland, who were 
Churchmen, he resolved upon 
taking Orders in the Established 
Church, especially as the Con- 
gregationalists his father's 
people, were not at that time 
keenly alive to evangelistic 
work. After two years prepar- 
ation for Holy Orders, he was 
ordained deacon in 1740 by 
Nicholas Claret, Bishop of St. 
David's, and was appointed to 
the curacy of Llanwrtyd and 
Llanddewi, Abergwessin ; a 
thinly populated district in the 
midst of the mountains, in the 
northern parts of Breconshire. 
He never resided here, but con- 
tinued to live at Cefn-y-coed, 

33 2 


about twelve miles distant, with 
his mother who had recently 
become a widow. He held this 
curacy for about three years. 
But having been refused 
Priest's Orders because of his 
practice of preaching with the 
Methodists in unconsecrated 
places, he withdrew, upon the 
advice again of Harris and 
Rowland, from the Established 
Church, and threw his whole 
soul into the Methodist move- 
ment, assisting Rowland at 
Llangeitho, and travelling up 
and down the country preach- 
ing the Gospel. But as he had 
not received Priest's Orders, he 
never administered the ordin- 
ances of Baptism and the Lord's 

It was soon discovered where 
lay his great forte. No doubt 
he was an excellent preacher, 
and gave himself with great 
zeal and energy to the work, but 
he was not equal to Rowland 
and Harris in this. They were 
his superiors in pulpit elo- 
quence. His great service to the 
revival movement and to the 
church of Christ, was the sa- 
cred hymns he composed, and 
which became the vehicle of 
praise and adoration and prayer 
for the crowds who gathered to 
hear the Gospel, and to talk 
about their spiritual welfare. 
He helped on the work pre-em- 
inently along the lines pointed 
out by the Apostle in the words, 
"Let the word of Christ 
dwell in you richly in all wis- 

dom, teaching and admonishing 
one another in psalms and 
hymns and spiritual songs, 
singing with grace in your 
hearts to the Lord" (Colossians 
iii. 16). He struck thus upon 
a vein of wealth for the 
churches which has proved, for 
more than a century and a half, 
of richest value for the people 
of God, and will be so yet again 
for untold ages. In the Welsh 
language, he had no worthy 
predecessor, nor has there been, 
his equal since, though many 
have done well, especially in a. 
few hymns. His resources 
seemed endless. He wrote and 
wrote until he provided the 
church with a variety of hymns 
which will bear comparison 
favourably with the production: 
of any hymn-writer of any age 
or country. Of course, they 
are of unequal merit, many at- 
taining to the highest altitude 
of sacred verse both in concep- 
tion and language, in rhythm 
and rhyme ; the words flow as 
natural as a stream, and the 
thoughts expressed are of the 
finest character. Others are 
not above mediocrity, and still 
others are slip-shod. Several 
of his hymns, too, it should be 
observed, are translations from 
Watts and Doddridge. But 
taken as a whole, his hymns 
hold the pre-eminence by far 
over all other hymns in the 
Welsh language. 

He was present at Watford, 
Glamorganshire, January 



and 6th, 1743, in company with 
Rowland and Harris, and some 
other lay preachers, when the 
first Welsh Methodist Associa- 
tion was held. Whitfield was 
also present, and was Modera- 
tor. Up to this time, the efforts 
of the fathers of Welsh Method- 
ism were spontaneous and ir- 
regular without order of any 
kind. But henceforth an or- 
ganization existed, alongside 
that of the Established Church, 
and the leaders met at stated 
intervals for counsel, prayer 
and the preaching of the Gos- 
pel. It was at one of these 
meetings, held also at Watford, 
April 6th and 7th, 1743, Wil- 
liams, as already stated, was 
advised to leave his curacies 
and assist Rowland. He thus 
seceded from his official posi- 
tion in the Church, and was the 
first clergyman who did so. 

In 1749, he married Miss 
Francis, Llanfynydd, Carmar- 
thenshire, who had been for 
some time* a lady-companion of 
Mrs. G. Jones, Llanddowror 
widow of the eminent evangel- 
ist, the Rev. Griffith Jones. 
Miss Francis was a sensible and 
piously disposed young lady, 
and moreover of considerable 
culture. Living in a retired 
part of the country, away from 
society, she had to sacrifice 
much of her own comfort 
through his frequent long ab- 
sence from home on his preach- 
ing tours. Two sons and five 
daughters were born to them. 

The two sons became clergymen 
one, John, left the Church 
and joined the Methodists, but 
William, the eldest, held his 
position as a clergyman to the 
end of his life. 

His life was most active : he 
was never idle. His labours 
were often carried on to the 
small hours of the morning. 
He was a prolific writer. His 
pen was ever in his hand. In 
the depth of the night he would 
often call upon his wife to light 
a candle at once that he might 
commit to writing the thoughts 
that were passing through his 
wakeful mind. His fault pos- 
sibly was that he would at 
times let his hymns go forth 
from his hands, as they came 
at the moment of inspiration, 
without exercising that care in 
diction, which he ought to 
have done, and was able to do. 

In the unfortunate separation 
between Rowland and Harris 
which came to pass at Llanid- 
loes in the year 1751 and which 
continued for many years, Wil- 
liams sided with the former, 
and kept true to him to the 
end. It would be out of place 
for us to enter into the discus- 
sion here. No doubt there was 
fault on both sides. The two 
great men, whilst men of God, 
showed themselves to be but 
men. But it can hardly fail 
to be observed that some of 
Williams' hymns express the 
very form of Harris' views, with 



which Rowland and he profess- 
ed to disagree. 

Excepting the English 
Hymns, numbering 123, and 
two Elegies on the Rev. Howel 
Davies and George Whitefield, 
Williams' whole published 
writings were in Welsh. In a 
memoir of him by the Rev. N. 
C) r nhafal Jones, D.D., pre- 
fixed to a collected edition of 
Williams' poetical works and 
some of his prose writings, a 
list of fifteen prose works 
written by him is given, of 
which three are translations and 
the remaining twelve are origi- 
nal. The Welsh Hymns found 
in this collected edition number 
993, and English Hymns 123. A 
few of the latter, but not many, 
are translations from the 
former. He published one col- 
lection of Welsh Hymns under 
the title of " Gloria in Excel - 
sis," but they are not the same 
as the Hymns published under 
the same name in English. A 
few of the verses would seem 
to be free translations, but they 
are few and far from literal. 
Besides his Hymns, his two 
chief poetic effusions are his 
" Golwg ar Deyrnas Crist" (A 
view of the Kingdom of God) ; 
and his " Bywyd a Marwolaeth 
Theomemphus " (the life and 
death of Theomemphus) in 
which he traces the course of 
the Christian before and after 
his conversion, until he reaches 
the better land above, where he 
leaves him. 

" Heb saeth, hebfraw, heb ofn, heb oficT 

ac heb boen, 
Yn canu o flaen yr orsedd, ogoniant pur 

Yn nghanol myrdd myrddiynau yn canu. 

oil heb drai, 
Yr anthem ydyw cariad a chariad i bar- 


These two books have passed 
through several editions, and" 
have been of greatest help and 
a priceless blessing to many a. 
weary pilgrim on his way to 

His death took place at Pant- 
ycelyn, on the nth of January, 
1791. The following note of 
this event appeared in the 
1791 : At Pantycelyn, near 
Llandovery, Carmarthenshire, 
died the Rev. W. Williams, 
aged 74, a clergyman of dis- 
tinguished talents and char- 
acter. In early life a pious 
but amiable enthusiasm induced 
him to adopt the itinerant but 
Apostolic mode of Methodism, 
and uniting a talent for poetry 
to an insinuating and captive 
eloquence, he contributed great- 
ly to its prevalence and support. 
He is perhaps the last lyric 
poet of South Wales, the lan- 
guage of the country giving 
way. His muse was wholly re- 
ligious, yet many of his hymns- 
have the property of the ode, 
true poetic fire, striking im- 
agery, and .gHowing expressions, 
united with the plaintive muse 
of the country. Their effect on 
the people is astonishing ; and 
the veneration in which they 



were held is little short of de- 
votion. Of this veneration the 
author greatly participated, and 
it will not be wondered at, 
when it is known that for fifty 
years he continually traversed 
the Principality in the ardent 
discharge of the duties of his 
ministry. His imagination 
gave variety and interest to his 
orations, his piety was warm, 
yet candid and charitable, his 
manners simple, yet affectionate 
and obliging ; and his moral 
conduct without blemish or im- 

He was buried in the church- 
yard of Llanfair-ar-y-bryn, and 
his grave is still visited by 
many pilgrims who with un- 
covered he-ads and throbbing 
hearts read the following in- 
scription : 

" Sacred to the memory of the 
late Rev. William Williams, 
Pantycelyn, in this parish, au- 
thor of several works in prose 
and verse. He waits here the 
coming of the Morning Star, 
which shall usher in the Glories 
of the First Resurrection, when 
at the sound of the Archangel's 
Trumpet, the sleeping dust shall 
be re-animated, and Death for 
ever shall be swallowed up in 
Victory. He laboured in the 
service of the Gospel for near 
half-a-century, and continued 
incessantly to promote it both 
by his labours and writings ; 
and to his inexpressible joy he 
beheld its influence extending, 
and its efficacy witnessed, in the 

conviction and conversion .of 
many thousands. After lan- 
guishing some time, he finished 
his course and life together,. 
Jan. i5th, 1791, aged 74." A 
handsome monument has been 
placed recently on his grave,, 
and a memorial chapel has been 
erected at Llandovery. Gweitk- 
iau Williams Pantycelyn; Al- 
bum .Williams Pantycelyn^ 
Methodisti'aeth Cymrii, vol. L, 
page 72 ; Y Tadau Methodist- 
af.dd, vol. i., page 141. 

TYHEN, Carmarthenshire, was 
born in the year 1769. His 
mother left him when he was 
but three months old, and was- 
never afterwards heard of. 
Kind-hearted people in the- 
neighbourhood of Meidrim took 
charge of him until he was able 
to go out to service. Ungodly 
companions for a time ltd him 
partly astray, but he had trea 
sured up in his memory some- 
of Williams of Pantycelyn's 
hymns which exercised a good 
influence upon him. He joined 
the church at Bancyfelin. For 
some time he held a large farm 
near Cwmbach, which however 
he had to leave through that he 
failed to make it pay. At the 
earnest request of the church 
at Meidrim he entered upon the 
ministry, and continued therein 
for the thirty-four remaining 
years of his life. He died 
Dec. 6th, 1849, aged So years, 
and was buried at Tyhen, where 
he had held his membership for 



somfe time, and had been of 
much service to the church and 
cause of Methodism in the 
neighbourhood. Cenhadon 

Hedd, page n. 

BRYNMAIR, Montgomeryshire, 
was the son of Mr. Richard 
Wood, Bron-derw-goed, who 
was a deeply religious man. 

After commencing to preach he 
proceeded to Lady Hunting- 
don's College at Trevecca, but 
he died in the year 1779, aged 
31 years. During his brief 
day, he preached the Gospel 
with much zeal and success. 
The Rev. William Williams, 
Pantycelyn, wrote an Elegy to 
his memory in 1781. 




born ia the parish of Llywel, 
Breconshire in the year 1796. 
When twenty-three years of age 
he began to preach, according 
to Isaac Foulkes in his " En- 
wogion Cymreig," with the 
Calvinistic Methodists. No 
reference however is made to 
him, so far as the present 
writer knows, in any Methodist 
work. Nor does the Rev. Tho- 
mas Rees, D.D., of Cefn, 
Merthyr Tydfil, though born 
and bred at Devynock, four 
miles from Trecastle, remember 
his name ever spoken of. Ac- 
cording to Isaac Foulkes, he 
soon enjoyed great popularity, 
his method of expounding and 
applying texts of Scripture be- 
ing exceptionally clear and 
practical. He received his 
ministerial training at Neuadd- 
Iwyd, under the Rev. . Dr. 
Phillips, and then settled in 
his native parish. He was a 
considerable essayist, many of 
his productions being published 
in " Lleuad yr Oes " : he also 
left many others in manuscript. 
He died in 1831, when but 35 
years of age. 

page 328) Rev. George Wil- 
liams, Llys Bran, informs us 

that he lived at Newport, Pem- 
brokeshire. ~H.e came there 
from Breconshire, and was a 
White-smith or Bell-hanger by 
trade, but whether was he a 
preacher when he removed to 
Pembrokeshire is not known. It 
is possible that he came to New- 
port in connection with his 
calling. He was however sus- 
pended from preaching some 
years before he died. Mr. 
Williams writes, " I remember 
meeting him oace. It was in 
the year 1833. During a part 
of that summer I was at my 
aunt's house (my mother's sis- 
ter) Velindre not far from 
here. The late Rev. David 
Griffiths, of Llantood, Pern., 
preached one evening at Velin- 
dre a crowded house. As soon 
as we went to the other room, 
Mr. Griffiths asked, 'Where is 
Watkin?' He had noticed him 
in the crowd. He was sent 
after, brought back, and he re- 
mained to supper. In the con- 
fusion at Newport, on Watkin's 
account, Mr. Griffiths had taken 
his part, and held to the last 
that he was more ' sinned 
against than sinning ' ! and 
from all I have ever found 
this was the case. The best 
description of him is ' Pregeth- 
wr tanllyd ' (a fiery preacher), 



but generally overdone. He 
once visited in prison a man 
under the death-sentence. For 
months he went about the 
country relating the experience, 
and frightening the people, tel- 
ling them that they were all un- 
der the death-sentence, etc. One 
evening he came to Newcastle- 
emlyn, and the deacon, old Mr. 
John James, who was very out- 
spoken, took him in hand. 
'Now, Watkin, 3 he said, 'you 
are to say nothing to-night 
about the prison and the man, 
etc., not a word, mind what I 
tell you. 3 In the sermon Wat- 
kin said, that he had intended 
to say so and so, but he had 
been charged not to do so; and 
again he had intended to say 
this and that, but had been told 
not to do so, and thus he man- 
aged to say all. Old Mr. 

James said to him ' Nothing 
shows the folly of Newcastle- 
emlyn people more than your 
coming here, and having the 
chapel crammed, and when Mr. 
Charles, of Carmarthen (sen- 
ior), comes the chapel is empty, 
and all you say is not worth a 
pipe of tobacco. 333 These par- 
ticulars help us in forming our 
estimate of him as a man and 
as a preacher. Through all 
changes there was much respect 
for him. Mr. Williams re- 
members Dr. Owen Thomas at 
an Association at Dowlais in a 
sermon referring to Watkin 
Williams " pregethwr hynod o 
Sir Benfro ' 3 (a remarkable 
preacher from Pembrokeshire), 
preaching from the text " For 
Tophet is ordained of old ; yea 
for the king it is prepared " 
(Isaiah xxx. 35). 


Page 6, First column, 2nd line from the bottom, 1810 should 
"be 1830. 

Page 70, Second column, 2oth line from the top, EVANS 
EVANS should be Evan Evans. 

Page 98, Second column, 2ist line from the top, course 
should be coarse. 

Page 141, First column, 8th line from the top, DAVID should 
~be DANIEL. 

Page 173, First column, 5th line from the bottom, Barry 
should be Burry. 

Page 196, First column, 2nd and 3rd lines from the bottom. 
Llanddeusant in Carmarthenshire to be deleted. 

Page 234, Second column, i4th line from the top, quality 
should be qualify. 



Biographical Dictionary 




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